Civil War Overview
Civil War 1861
Civil War 1862
Civil War 1863
Civil War 1864
Civil War 1865
Civil War Battles
Robert E. Lee
Civil War Medicine
Civil War Links
Republic of Texas
Civil War Gifts
Robert E. Lee Portrait
Page) man knew it to be when it was uttered. The rebellion will last
as long as an organized army keeps the field, and no longer.
THE country seems to he under a
curious misapprehension as to what has taken place in and around the city of
Richmond. It has been generally supposed that
GRANT had defeated
LEE in a fierce
and sanguinary series of battles, and had finally compelled him to a hasty and
rather uncomfortable retreat from Richmond. But the real facts of the case are
set forth by the New York organ of the rebellion, as follows :
" The great armies that have so
long defended Richmond and Petersburg have been removed to another quarter,
where, in the estimation of their General, their valor and endurance can be made
And again : "During that night
the army moved out of both Richmond and Petersburg, and marched to take up the
line of defense which had been determined on since the adoption of the
Confederate policy of interior lines."
And once more : " Lee's army
withdrawn intact, and tied no longer to one position, the Confederacy frowns a
more terrible defiance today from the fastnesses of her vast interior."
LEE'S army " withdrawn intact" is
SONG OF THE BUGLE.
OUT of my brazen throat each morn
I sound the call at the break of
And my hollow notes on the wind
are borne High over the hills and far away :
But first they wind through the
Then on through the valley and
over the hills,
By field and river and wood they
Till the mellow music the wide
The trooper starts from his bed
on the ground Where all night long in sleep he lay;
The war-horse neighs when he
hears the sound Float on through the camp at the dawn of day; And the trooper
buckles against his side The trusty blade he has worn so long; And away over
river and field and wood Wind the mellow notes of my morning song.
The wild bird hears it within his
nest High up in the tops of the tall pine-trees, As he pours from out of his
His own sweet song on the
wandering breeze—Then I call aloud from my hollow lungs, "To horse ! to horse !"
and the sabres clang,
And the wide woods echo as if
through their breadth A thousand clattering anvils rang.
Then forward, and over the rugged
Sound the clang of the sabres,
the horses' loud tramp; The sun looks out from the halls of day, But views no
longer a waking camp; And out of my brazen throat I fling A mellow greeting so
loud and clear, That it rings through the misty vales and wakes The slumbering
echoes afar and near.
But louder than all are the notes
When the order is given to charge
Then the war-horse spurns with
his hoof the ground, And many a gallant trooper lies low
In the fiery onset's terrible
When the dumb earth seems to hold
its breath, And eyes that kindled with sudden fire
Are fixed in the glassy stare of
But a louder blast shall be heard
Than any which sounds from my
hollow throat, High over the hills and far away
Through the realms of space the
song shall float; But before the angel shall sound that call War and famine and
hate shall cease,
And the earth with her fruits and
smiling flowers Shall bloom through a thousand years of peace.
THE result of the series of
battles beginning March 29 and ending April 2 can hardly be estimated with any
degree of accuracy. Lee has certainly been unable to take with him from the
field of his defeat one half of his army. The estimate of rebel prisoners
captured has been put at 25,000. Lee's loss in killed and wounded can scarcely
have been less than 10,000. The stragglers and deserters can not be numbered.
General Weitzel telegraphs from
Richmond that of railroad stock he found there 28 locomotives, 44 passenger and
baggage cars, and 106 freight cars.
At 3.30 A.M. April 4, General
Grant from Sutherland Station, ten miles from Petersburg, toward Burkesville,
telegraphs as follows:
General Sheridan picked up one
thousand two hundred prisoners today, and from three to five hundred more have
been gathered by our troops. The majority of the arms that were left in the
hands of Lee's army are now scattered between Richmond and where his troops now
are. The country is also full of stragglers. The line of retreat is marked with
artillery, ammunition, burned or charred wagons, caissons, ambulances," etc.
And again, later in the day :
"The cavalry have pursued so
closely that the enemy have been forced to destroy probably the greater part of
the transportation, caissons, and munitions of war. The number of prisoners
captured yesterday will exceed 2000.
From the 20th of March to the
present time our loss in killed, wounded, and captured will not probably reach
7000, of whom 1500 to 2000 were captured, and many but slightly wounded. I shall
continue the pursuit as long as there appears to be any use in it."
The funeral of General A. P.
Hill, killed in the recent battles, was attended with military honors just
previous to the evacuation of Petersburg, General Lee and other distinguished
officers being present. He was buried in the City Cemetery on the day of his
death, the circumstances not permitting the retention of his remains longer.
In the battle of Five Forks, on
Saturday, April 1, Brevet Brigadier-General Winthrop cousin of Theodore Winthrop
was mortally wounded. The World correspondent thus narrates the circumstances
attending his death. He fell at once, and his men who loved him gathered around
and took him tenderly to the rear, where he died before the stretcher on which
he lay could be deposited beside the meeting house door. On the way from the
field to the hospital he wandered in mind at times, crying out, " Captain
Weaver, how is that line? Has the attack succeeded, etc.?'" When he had been
resuscitated for a pause he said: " Doctor, I am done for." His last words were:
"Straighten the line!" And he died peacefully. He was a cousin of Major
Winthrop, the author of " Cecil Dreeme," and the brother-in-law of Mr. August
He was twenty-seven years of age.
I had talked with him before going into action, as he sat at the side of General
Ayres, and was permitted by the guard of honor to uncover his face and look upon
it. He was pale and beautiful, marble rather than corpse, and the uniform cut
away from his bosom showed how white and fresh was the body, so pulseless now.
General Griffin said to me : " This victory is not worth Winthrop's life."
Winthrop went into the service as
a simple color-bearer. At his death he commanded a brigade in Ayres's Division
of the Fifth Corps.
On the 31st of March the steam.
transport General Lyon, from Wilmington for Fortress Monroe, having on board
between five and six hundred persons, including a number of soldiers and male
and female Southern refugees, caught fire when off Cape Hatteras, and was
entirely consumed. The flames were ignited by a light coming in contact with a
kerosene barrel, and in a very short time the whole vessel was enveloped. The
General Sedgwick and a schooner were both near the General Lyon while she was
burning; but notwithstanding every effort was made to give succor, very few of
the unfortunate passengers could be rescued, owing to the high wind and the
heavy sea. The scene is described as most heart rending. Many, including women
and children, in their terror jumped into the water to escape a fiery death,
only to be swallowed up by the waves, while others remained on board and were
devoured by the flames. Out of the entire number, only thirty-five or forty are
so far known to have been saved, though hopes are entertained that some others
may have been picked up.
The advance of
cavalry force, which recently moved from Knoxville, Tennessee, and which the
rebels have reported as designed to strike Lynchburg, Virginia, entered and
captured the town of Boone, North Carolina, on the 27th ult., after routing the
rebels stationed there, and inflicting on them a loss of ten killed and over
sixty wounded. The rebel papers report that Stoneman's command consists of about
six thousand cavalry, and that he is accompanied by the Fourth Corps of national
infantry, under General Stanley, numbering at least fifteen thousand men.
Admiral Paulding will resign the
command of the Brooklyn Navy yard on the lot of May, and will be succeeded by
Commodore Charles H. Bell. .
The vote of New York on the Court
of Appeals amendment, excepting only Dutchess County, is 55,285 in favor, and
80,636 against. Only one-fifth of the vote of last November was polled.
SIGNOR MAZZINI AND THE
POPE.—Signor Mazzini has published a solemn address to the Pope on his
Encyclical letter. Having shown the futility of the anathemas in that letter he
says: " There was a time" (which he regards with reverence) " when the Popes
were the depositaries and guardians of the moral law. Believing in their mission
of justice and liberty for all, intrepid against all who sought to violate their
power, and ready to suffer for their faith, which then was the faith of the
peoples, the Popes, from the fifth to the thirteenth century, aided and promoted
the progress which Pio Nono now condemns." " But," he says, " you are both a
prince and the servant of princes at the present day. You reign through force,
not through faith ; your party is corrupt and corrupting; the Sanctuary is
surrounded by Neapolitan brigands upon whom you confer your blessing, while you
have no word of comfort for the peoples who invoke God's liberty and equality.
Your predecessors might and ought, you might and ought to have accompanied us
upon the path of discovery and advance, in order to have left no, as Moses left
his people, on the borders of the promised land, and have blessed us in dying
even as a dying father blesses his children who survive him. You expire cursing
the spirit of inquiry, cursing the power of intellect, cursing faith in the
discovery of the truth, cursing the people who seek their freedom, cursing
mankind and life itself. An apostate from Jesus and humanity, you condemn
yourself to expire in isolation, deprived of all communion with your brother
men. As Pope, six hundred years of impotence the betrayal of every precept of
Christ your church's adultery with the wicked princes of the earth the idolatry
of the form substituted for the spirit of religion the systematic immorality of
the men who surround you, and the negation of all progress sanctioned by
yourself as the condition of progress, rise in judgment against you. As prince
the blood of Rome, and the impossibility of your remaining there a single day
other than by brute force, rise in judgment against you. Reconcile yourself with
God. With humanity you can not. --JOSEPH MAZZINI."
A HUMAN MAGPIE.—Many years ago
there lived at Cambridge a miserly old couple of the name of Jardine: they had
two sons: the father was a perfect miser, and at his death one thousand guineas
were discovered secreted in his bed. The two sons grew up as parsimonious as
their sire. When about twenty years of age they commenced business at Cambridge
as drapers, and they continued there until their death. The establishment of the
Messrs. Jardine was the most dirty of all the shops in Cambridge. Customers
seldom went in to purchase, except perhaps out of curiosity. The brothers were
most disreputable looking beings ; for, although surrounded with gay apparel as
their staple in trade, they wore the most filthy rags themselves. It is said
that they had no bed, and, to save the expense of one, always slept on a bundle
of packing cloths under the counter. In their housekeeping they were penurious
in the extreme. A joint of meat did not grace their board for twenty years. Yet
when the first of the brothers died, the other, much to his surprise, found
large sums of money which had been secreted even from him.
SWEARING FOR THE FAMILY.—A
returned Chinese missionary relates the following anecdote, showing the caution
of the Chinese. He says:
During one of our examinations
for candidates for baptism at Ngukang, I observed that one woman and some three
or four young people had the same surname. This circumstance led to the
following conversation between myself and one of the young men:
"I observe you all have the same
surname. Are you members of the same family?" I inquired.
"Yes," one replied ; "this is
mother, and these are my brothers."
"Where is your father?" I
"He is at home, attending to his
"Does he approve of your
embracing Christianity?" " Yes ; he is entirely willing."
"Why does not your father himself
become a Christian?"
"He says it would not do for all
the family to embrace Christianity."
"And why," I asked, with some
curiosity, "does he think so ?"
"He says that if we all become
Christians our heathen neighbors will take advantage of that circumstance to
impose upon us."
" How will they do that?" I
" Christians are not allowed to
swear or fight, and father says that when our wicked neighbors ascertain that we
have embraced Christianity, they will proceed at once to curse us and maltreat
us. Hence, father says to us, You may all become Christians, but I must remain a
heathen, so as to retaliate on our bad neighbors. You can go to meeting and
worship, but I must stay at home to do the cursing and fighting for the
It is supposed that the answer
and excuse were satisfactory.
RELATIVES.—There is a matter which greatly interests many people it is the
consequences of marriages between relations. All know the ideas that are
commonly entertained on this subject, but M. Voisin, of Batz, communicated to
the last meeting of the Academy the results of forty-six marriages contracted by
cousins of different degrees, from which it appears that all these marriages
have been fecund, that the offspring live and grow well developed and in good
health in fact, none of the evil consequences which have been ascribed to
intermarriages have been found to spring from these unions.
God's GREETINGS.—God greets many
a one who never observes, and many more who never thank him for it. When, for
instance, his sun wakes thee early to the enjoyment of another day of life and
health, it is as if he
said to thee "Good-morning!" and
when, at eventide, thine eye closes in peaceful slumber, it is because God hath
bid thee " Good-night ;" and when thou sittest down to a well spread board with
a good appetite, it is God's gift for thy good. When, again, thou art enabled
timely to discover some threatening danger, what is it but God saying to thee, "
Take heed, my child, and turn back before it be too late?" When, on some early
summer morning, thou walkest about amidst the blossoming flowers and the singing
birds, and thy heart feels light and joyful, is not God saying to thee, "
Welcome, heartily welcome to my palace garden?" And when, all of a sudden,
perhaps, without thou knowing how or why, thy heart is moved to good thoughts,
and thou beginnest to feel sorrow for having done wrong, and a desire to do
better, is not thy Heavenly Father saying to thee, "Oh, grieve not my Holy
Spirit which now stirs within thee ?" Or, when thou passest by a new made grave,
and a sudden shudder of anxious foreboding runs cold through thy frame, is not
God greeting thee with the fatherly admonition, " Remember now thy Creator in
the days of thy youth, while the evil days come not, nor the years draw nigh in
which thou shalt say I have no pleasure in them ; for there is neither wisdom
nor device in the grave. whither thou art fast hastening ?" Oh, yes, these are
God's greetings, "whether we will hear or whether we will forbear." But if we
hail them not with pleasure in time, we shall remember them with vain regret in
IDEA OF THE COMMANDMENTS.—A
Scotch lad came to a clergyman for examination previous to his receiving his
first communion. The pastor, knowing that his young friend was not very profound
in his theology, and not wishing to discourage him, or keep him from the table,
unless compelled to do so, began by asking what he thought a safe question, and
what would give him confidence ; so he took the Old Testament, and asked him, in
reference to the Mosaic law, how many commandments there were. After a little
thought he put his answer in the form of a supposition, and replied, cautiously,
"Aiblins (perhaps) a hunner (hundred)." The clergyman was vexed, and told him
such ignorance was intolerable, that he could not proceed in the examination,
and that the youth must wait and learn more; so he went away. On returning home
he met a friend on his way to the manse, and, on learning that he, too, was
going to the minister for examination, shrewdly asked him, "Weel, what will ye
say noo if the minister asks you how many commandments there are?" "Say! why, I
shall say ten, to be sure." To which the other rejoined, with great triumph,
"Ten ! try ye him wi' ten ! I tried him wi' a hunner, and he was na satisfied."
FRENCH LUXURY.—At the trades'
exhibition In Paris the pretty things are plentiful, and the collection includes
one or two amusing inventions. Foremost among these is a superb car, drawn by
silver swans of gigantic proportions. The car is intended for fair bathers. In
its fairy net work they may recline at their ease, and float upon the waters and
in the waters, buoyed up by the four gallant silver swans, who will bear them
safely upon the gentle swell of summer seas. At the fair bather's elbow is a
handle that works a screw, and by this screw, she may drive her car and her
swans at her own sweet will. This is luxury enough, one would imagine, even for
a Parisian countess at Biarritz or Trouville. But the inventor is not satisfied.
He knows the ladies for whom he caters ; and in the backs of the noble birds he
has contrived a liquor-case ! Next year the old port at Biarritz will he gay
with silver swans, bearing upon the dancing waters the simple and homely
daughters of the France of the Second Empire—sipping Noyeau !
FIND FAULT IN PRIVATE.—Find
fault, when you must find fault, in private, if possible, and some time after
the offense rather than at the time. The blamed are lees inclined to resist when
they are blamed without witnesses. Both parties are calmer, and the accused
person may be struck with the forbearance of the accuser, who has seen the
fault, and watched for a private and proper time for mentioning it. Never be
harsh or unjust with your children or servants. Firmness, with gentleness of
demeanor, and a regard to the feelings, constitutes that authority which is
always respected and valued. If you have any cause to complain of a servant,
never speak hastily ; wait, at all events, until you have had time to reflect on
the nature of the offense.
"OH that I were dead!" cried the
"I don't wonder at it, I'm sure,
dear," said the Cat, sitting with her eyes fixed on the cage.
" To be penned up here from day
to day, while all my friends are rejoicing in the sweet sunny sky and the
flowers," said the Bull finch.
"How distressing !" said the Cat,
with much feeling. " And just to be allowed now and then for a few minutes to
try my wing by a flight round the room," said Bully.
" Mere mockery ! a cruel insult I
call that," said the Cat. And as to singing, how can I sing?"
"How, indeed?" said the Cat.
"This piping song that I have
been drilled into, not a note of it comes from my heart."
"I never could bear any thing
that didn't come from the heart," said the Cat, very demurely.
" Oh that I were dead!" said the
"It's what your best friends must
wish for you, dear," said the Cat; "and, as the door of your cage is a little
ajar, I see, you have only to come out and "
"And what ?" asked the Bull
"Why, dearest, I would, however
painful to my feelings, soon put you out of your misery," said the Cat,
preparing to spring ; upon which the Bull finch set up a scream of such terror
that his mistress flew into the room, and Puss was glad to escape down stairs.
NOT GOOD FOR MAN TO BE ALONE.—No
one will contend that there are no crimes committed by married men. Facts would
look such an assertion out of countenance. But it may be said with truth that
there are very few crimes committed by married men, compared with the number
committed by those who are unmarried. Whatever faults Voltaire may have had, he
certainly showed himself a man of sense when he said, " The more married men you
have, the fewer crimes there will be. Marriage renders a man more virtuous and
more wise." An unmarried man is but half of a perfect being, and it requires the
other half to make things right ; and it can not be expected that in this
imperfect state he can keep the straight path of rectitude any more than a boat
with one oar, or a bird with one wing, can keep a straight course. In nine cases
out of ten, where married men become drunkards, or where they commit crimes
against the peace of the community, the foundation of these acts was laid while
in a single state, or where the wife is, as is sometimes the case, an unsuitable
match. Marriage changes the whole current of a man's feelings, and gives him a
centre for his thoughts, his affections, and his acts. Here is a home for the
entire man, and the counsel, the affections, the example, and the interests of
his " better half " keep him from erratic courses, and from falling into a
thousand temptations to which he would otherwise be exposed. Therefore, the
friend to marriage is the friend to society and to his country. And we have no
doubt but that a similar effect is produced by marriage on the woman ; though,
from a difference in their labors, and the greater exposure to temptation on the
part of the man, we have no doubt but man reaps a greater advantage from the
restraining influences of marriage than woman does.
THE VIOLET.—The origin of the
violet dates back to the age of Apollo, and associates itself with the
peccadilloes of those earthly gods whose highest mission was perplexing man. Ia,
the daughter of Atlas, one of the nymphs of Diana, falls in love with Apollo;
and her mistress, determined to prevent a match of which she did not approve,
causes the face of the nymph to become of a violet color, to disgust Apollo.
Apollo, however, still pursues her, and she, in escaping from him, is converted
into a violet, preserving as a flower the beauty and the timid bashfulness she
SAINT ANTHONY is the patron saint
of false starts in Rome. We are afraid on the American turf the words used about
false starts are not saintly. At some races lately, in Rome, a false start being
declared, all the prizes went to Saint Anthony. It seems he is the patron of a
hospital for sick horses in the neighborhood. The horse, are taken in to kill or
cure. If cured, they are sold; if they die, no one can tell what becomes of
them. Sausages are plentiful in Rome.
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
WHEN OTHER GAS.
(With A-ccompani-ment.) When
other gas and better light Their influence shall lend,
'Tis then I'll welcome with
de-light A most de-light-ful friend.
And now I'm writing for the
So tell the "company"
If they don't furnish better gas
They may remember me.
POETICAL.—Mr. Hunt, in his
lecture on common law, remarked, " that a lady when she married lost her
personal identity her distinctive character; and was like a dew drop swallowed
by a sunbeam."
IRISH PROVERBS.—Men straw don't
make the best bricks. It's a narrow bed that has no turning. When money is sent
flying out of the window, it's poverty that comes in at the door. The pig that
pleases to live must live to please. One man may steal a hedge, whereas another
daren't even as much as look at a horse. Short rents make long friends; and it
holds good equally with your landlord and your clothes. Money makes the
gentleman, the want of it the blackguard. When wise men fall out, then rogues
come by what is not their own.
NAP CAUGHT NAPPING.—The preface
to the Emperor's "Life of Caesar" commences with these remarkable words :
" Historical truth ought to be no
less sacred than religion." We should like to know what the head of His Imperial
Highness's Church would argue about the Emperor's regard for veracity, as judged
by his respect for religion. The Pope would be inclined to say he was no
stronger partisan of truth than of Pius practices.
"Well, Patrick, and where did you
come from?" "From the Imerald Ile region, to be shure."
MISERABLE PEOPLE.—Young ladies
with new bonnets on rainy Sundays, and dresses playing dip, dip at every step. A
witness in a bribery case. A smoking nephew on a visit to an anti-smoking aunt.
A young doctor, who has just cured his first patient, and has no prospect of
another. A star actress with her name in small type on a bill.
A VALUABLE CAT.—A poor Irishman
applied to one of the overseers of the poor for relief, and upon some doubt
being expressed as to whether he was a proper object for parochial relief, he
enforced his suit with much earnestness. "Och, yer Honor," said he, "sure I'd be
starved long since but for my cat." "But for what?" asked the astonished
interrogator. "My cat," rejoined the Irish-man. " Your cat how so?" "Sure, yer
Honor, I could her eleven times for sixpence a time, and she was always home
before I could get there myself."
THE DIET OF WORMS.—At a recent
exhibition of paintings, a lady and her son were regarding with much interest a
picture which the catalogue designated as "Luther at the Diet of Worms." Having
descanted at some length upon its merits, the boy remarked, " Mother, I see
Luther and the table, but where are the worms?"
UNITY IS STRENGTH.—When dogs
attack a flock of sheep the sheep scatter, and thus become an easy prey; but in
attacking goats they find it more difficult to accomplish their pupose. The
goats form into a ring, tile kids in the centre, and the horns of the old bucks
presented against the enemy are a strong defense.
"Faix !" said a humorous Irishman
the other day in the petroleum diggings, " ye may call Amerikey a continent if
ye plaze, but to my thinkin' it's a beautiful oil-land" (island).
one's brain for an idea.
MISCEGENATION ABROAD.--A Vienna
journal relates a droll story. A young man, who was paying assiduous court to
the wife of a dyer, had the misfortune to be caught by the enraged husband, who
called his workmen about him, and, without any ceremony, the gallant was plunged
into a caldron prepared for imparting a true blue color to various fabrics. In a
second the unfortunate youth had acquired such a tint that he dares not appear
in public. His friends implored the dyer to restore the poor fellow to his
natural hue, but the pitiless answer was, "It is impossible; he is of a
beautiful color, and all I can do for him is to change him to a green or
"Small thanks to you," said a
plaintiff to one of his witnesses, "for what you said in this case." " Ah, Sir,"
replied the witness, " but just think of what I didn't say!"
A lover gazed in the eyes of his
mistress until she blushed. He pressed her hand to his heart, and said, " My
looks have planted roses on thy cheek ; he who sows the seed should reap the
EPITAPH ON A SMOKER.—My pipe's
A "DISH" IN SEASON.—Irish-stew.
CURIOUS EPITAPH. — The following
will be found at Portsmouth, upon the tombstone of a carpenter, inscribed by his
Here lies Jemmy Little, a
A very good natur'd man, but
somewhat blusterous; When that his little wife his authority withstood, He took
a little stick and banged her as he would. His wife now left alone her loss does
She wishes Jemmy back to bang her
a little more;
For now he's dead and gone this
fault appears so small,
A little thing would make her
think it was no fault at all.
THE BEST KIND OF SERVANT FOR
MUSICAL NOTE.—In what key would a
lover write a proposal of marriage ?—Be mine, ah !
HOW TO MAKE AN ACCIDENT.—If you
see a horse running away in the street, stand on the side walk and bawl at him
at the top of your voice. If you can get a sufficient number of persons to join
you, you have a fair prospect of an exciting accident, particularly if there is
any body in the carriage.
EPITAPH ON A POULTERER.--A gooser
In some instances ladies who can
scarcely lisp out " Yes" when they are married, learn to say "No" pretty glibly
A contraband, undertaking to find
a situation for her daughter in Cincinnati, insisted upon said daughter's being
instructed. Upon being requested to indicate what, kind of accomplishments she
was desirous of having her hopeful daughter possess, she said, "De gal must be
larned de piano and painting, any how, and mebbe arter while readin' and writin'."
EPITAPH ON A PLOWBOY... Only a
NOTICE OF MOTION.—The railway
An awkward man, attempting to
carve a goose, dropped it on the floor. " There now !" exclaimed his wife,
"we've lost our dinner." "Oh no, my dear'!" answered he. "it's safe, I have got
my foot on it !"
When the thermometer falls, how
often, on an average does it break?
SCHOOL BOY'S DEFINITION. The
Better Half. The shorter.