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Pawnee. Harvest Moon--Flag-ship. Juniata.
A VISIT TO FORT SUMTER.
THERE is a thrilling dramatic
effect in the repossession of
Fort Sumter four years after its surrender to
traitors. Every thing connected with the capture of Charleston has more or less
of this dramatic interest. Here the rebellion had its birth, and after four
years of a strife the most terrible as well as the most needless on record,
after four years which have done very much toward exhausting the Confederate
States, the city which was the first theatre of war, which first heard the rebel
shout of victory, has fallen before the prowess of our national arms. We
illustrate on page 164 a visit made by
General GILMORE and his staff,
accompanied by some ladies, to Fort Sumter on the 21st of February, immediately
after the evacuation of the fort. Captain BRAGG, who appears in the sketch,
first raised the
Stars and Stripes over the captured work.
We give this week two other
illustrations relating to Charleston. One of them, on this page, represents the
landing of the Naval Brigade and 1500 troops in Bull's Bay, sixteen miles
northeast of Charleston, under
Admiral DAHLGREN and General POTTER. This
movement was effected February 12, and, threatening the only line of retreat
left to the rebels on the north side, hastened the evacuation of the city.
page 164 we illustrate a very
picturesque feature of our victory at Charleston. Our readers will remember that
the first troops occupying the city were negroes under ; Colonel BENNETT. On the
night of the 21st the Fifty-fifth Colored Massachusetts landed in the city and
marched through the streets, singing the March of John Brown's Soul. If the war
itself was a revolution of citizens against their Government, it has introduced
also a revolution quite as profound in the relation hitherto existing between
the negro and his master.
GEN. EWELL'S HEAD-QUARTERS.
WE give on this page a view of
the rebel General EWELL'S Head-Quarters, at the Widow CHAFFIN'S house, on the
Osborne turnpike, leading to Richmond. The view was obtained by going into our
advanced rifle-pits on the hill in front of Fort Harrison. By using a glass the
minutest details could he observed. Indeed our lines are very close at this
point. In front there is a ditch, fraises, and abatis defending it. Then a low
parapet, forming a portion of their long intrenched line, behind which the men
live in their little tents, with clay and stick chimneys ; and beyond these the
open plain and the homestead of the family that owns the large tract of land on
which Fort Harrison now stands.
Our force north of the James has
been considerably depleted ; but it is likely that the Army of the James will
soon have an important part to play.
OUR RETURNED PRISONERS.
WE give on page 173 an
illustration of the embarkation for home of exchanged Union prisoners at Aiken's
Landing. The work of exchange is now going on as rapidly as possible. All our
prisoners in Richmond and Danville have been returned, and arrangements are
being made to receive those which still remain in North and South Carolina. On
the 24th of February 1000 were received from Florence. The Georgia and Alabama
prisoners will be delivered at Mobile, and those in the prisons west of the
Mississippi at the mouth of the Red River. Even if the war should continue for
many months to come, there will hereafter be none of the difficulties which have
hitherto stood in the way of a prompt exchange of prisoners. If the South uses
negroes, it is for her interest as much as for ours to secure to them every
privilege accorded to white troops.
THE REBEL GENERAL EWELL'S HEAD-QUARTERS, FOUR MILES
CHARLESTON.—[SKETCHED BY CAPTAIN L. L.