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Robert E. Lee Portrait
Page) merce. We will carry war where it
is easy to advance, where food for the sword and torch await the armies in the
densely populated cities."
Do the rebel chiefs suppose that
the men to whom they appeal have no sense and no memory ? At the opening of the
war JEFFERSON Davis told them it would be a holiday task to establish " the
Southern Confederacy." Today JEFFERSON DAVIS quakes in
Richmond, and his
confederates implore the people whom he deceived four years ago to cling to
Richmond and all will be well. It is too late. The Southern people have seen the
terrible handwriting upon the wall. They know that the leaders who dragged them
into rebellion for their own selfish ends now entreat them to remain that the
leaders may escape their just doom. No wonder that
LEE'S army comes into our
lines by companies. No wonder that half the rebel army has deserted.
BLOWING HOT AND COLD.
NOTHING can show more vividly the
hopeless dismay and confusion of mind of the rebel whippers in, than the two
extracts that follow, both from the same journal, the Richmond Examiner.
On the 22d of February it said :
"The fall of Richmond itself, apart from the moral question involved in the fact
that it has been the great objective point of a four years' war, and also the
fact that it is the principal work shop of the Confederate armies, would not
involve the failure of our cause."
On the 27th of February, five
days afterward, the same journal utters a wild cry against the evacuation of the
city. It sneers at Davis and BENJAMIN for hinting that its loss would not be
fatal. " It has become the symbol of the Confederacy. Its loss would be material
ruin to the cause, and in a moral point of view absolutely destructive, crushing
the heart and extinguishing the last hope of the country.......The hope of
establishing a Confederacy and of securing its recognition among nations would
be gone forever."
DEAR MR. EDITOR,—The Fast season
has begun in good earnest, and I hasten to inform you of a new and heroic
development of patriotism. The frightful cost of all material for fine dresses
has filled many ladies of the highest nobility with a spirit of noble
renunciation. There is nothing they will not gladly sacrifice, and they are
therefore firmly resolved to dispense with dress altogether ! I have recently
attended several parties of the selectest fashion, and, with every young man in
town, have observed with the most kindling admiration that what you will permit
me to call the heroic movement is already rapidly advancing. It begins at the
top of the dress, and the most unflinching of the fair patriots have already
reached a point in the sacrifice far below the neck. The delightful emulation
continues, so that by the opening of the next season we may confidently expect
to see perfect. heroism.
Of course as dress disappears a
refined and delicate substitute is provided. The neck, for instance, is draped
in the most exquisite enamel ; the cheeks are protected by the rosiest rouge,
and lest the exposure of the eyebrows and eyelids should be injurious to health,
they are clothed in the softest henna. This simple costume is surely enough for
those who are ready for the last sacrifice. What sublime economy ! What
unspeakable renunciation! The farther it goes the more indescribable it is. I
wish you would come and see for yourself. We never think of not going to parties
now when there is so much to be seen; and what do we not owe to ladies who thus
surrender every thing ! A queer old prig to whom I was dilating with enthusiasm
upon the subject, replied, " Yes, I have seen a great deal in my time, but this
gives me an entirely new view of woman." Of course it does. Is it not clear that
every one who is capable of taking part in this great movement is capable of any
I know that you are interested in
every thing which shows devotion to the country, and although you were a little
skeptical about the Women's League to use only domestic manufactures, because
you thought there was some evasion about it, I am sure you will hear with
astonishment and gratitude of this truly brave economy which conceals nothing.
All for our country or dress well lost, is the inspiring rallying cry of the
Good-by. I must be off to dress
for the ball, which the ladies used to do before these patriotic days. Yet Dress
is just the difference between us now. How much trouble they save themselves !
But all virtue has its compensation. Remember I have told you nothing but the
naked truth, and have barely time to subscribe myself,
Yours in breathless expectation,
EVERY honest man will be glad of
the appointment by the Governor of Colonel VINCENT COLYER as Superintendent of
the New York Soldiers' Depot. Colonel COLYER has devoted himself unreservedly
from the beginning of the rebellion to the truest service of the country, and
his earnestness, efficiency, fidelity, and profound conviction of the justice of
the war have made him one of the best friends of the soldiers. We congratulate
all of them who fall into his hands. The State will be fortunate if every
appointment made by
Governor FENTON is as wise as that of Colonel COLYER.
THE new edition of
works to be issued by the HARPERS, of which " Vanity Fair," in three volumes, is
now ready, is one of the most beautiful series of volumes ever printed. The
text, the paper, and the binding, will delight all collectors of exquisite
books, while the elegant and permanent form thus given to the works of one of
the great masters of English literature will satisfy his sincerest lovers. A new
and happy device in the " getting up" of this edition of " Vanity Fair" is the
fan simile of the author's autograph upon the cover, and the portrait which
adorns it is engraved from LAWRENCE'S drawing, which reproduces that
characteristic lift of the head which all who ever saw THACKERAY will instantly
recall. The illustrations are from the admirable originals by the author, and
the edition is prepared with a faithful care which will give it precedence over
Dr. DRAPER'S "History of the
Intellectual Development of Europe," one of the most remarkable works of the
time, has been republished in England, and Italian and Dutch translations are in
preparation. The last number of the Westminster Review, in the course of an
article upon it, speaks of the work of this accomplished American scholar as "
one of the not least remarkable achievements in the progress of philosophy that
have yet been made in the English tongue. It is a noble and even magnificent
attempt to frame an induction from all the recorded phenomena of European,
Asiatic, and North African history, and thereupon to establish certain definite
principles of social and intellectual development ....It has been elaborated
with a degree of care, assiduity, and attention to orderly arrangement, combined
with a graceful, and at times very eloquent diction, which give it an
independent interest of the highest character to any mind not warped and
prejudiced against the modes of thought it presents. All the latest researches
in history, all the most recent discoveries in the realms of geology, mechanical
science, natural science, and language, every minute particular that can explain
or illustrate the general progress of all the European races from the most
primitive ages, are accurately and copiously detailed in their several
relations. Nor is the author without such an art of representation as can render
a book not only such as we ought to read, but also such as we like to read. He
deals with the most abstract metaphysical subtleties, such as the theology of
Buddhism, the psychology of Plato, and the necromancy of Egypt, with a lucidity
and general affection for his subject which much facilitates for the reader the
process of assimilation. Again, there are passages such as those exhibiting the
general condition of Indian intellect, the corruption and immorality of the late
days of the Roman empire, the progress of the Saracen conquests, and the
maritime discoveries of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, where Dr. DRAPER
soars to a height of eloquence not commonly met with in, yet by no means
impairing the cogency of, a strictly philosophic treatise."
THE military record of the past
week furnishes but a single item, a glorious one, however, namely, the rout of
General Early's army and the capture of its commander, giving us possession at
the same time of Charlottesville. This information comes to no from
Grant. It is based upon the reports of deserters, but the uniformity of the
reports, coming as they did from various parts of the enemy's lines, is a
certain proof that the enemy, at least, believed them to be true.
General Sherman we have no
precise information, but there is good reason to believe that he has effected a
Schofield, and has slipped in between
Beauregard and Wilmington,
taking Florence and securing his line of communication. If he had pushed forward
toward Danville, the scheme would have been bolder than prudent. And as Sheridan
is operating with great promptness against the line from Richmond westward, with
a powerful reserve of veteran troops under
Hancock in his rear, the necessity of
Sherman's moving on Danville may be in great measure obviated. A glance at the
map will show that the road through Lynchburg, traversing 270 miles of the State
of Virginia, is of greater value to the enemy than the road through Danville
traversing only half that space of Virginia soil, while the tract which it
drains in North Carolina is either already destroyed by Sherman or being
exhausted by Johnston's army. It is also to be remembered that Lynchburg, once
in our possession, is a favorable base of operations against the Danville road ;
also it should be borne in mind that Grant's extreme left is only five miles
distant from that road.
Our lines are now complete to
Hatcher's Run, to which place Grant's military railroad now runs. The enemy have
been under the impression that Grant was massing troops on his left for a new
attempt on the Southside Road. Our army in Virginia is being strongly reinforced
by the new recruits which are rapidly taking the field. The three hundred
thousand men thus soon to be added to our armies will enable General Grant to
push on the spring campaign with great vigor. This, by the way, is the exact
number of negro recruits which the Confederate Congress proposes to raise. The
House has passed another bill, differing from the former one, which was defeated
in the Senate, in the fact that it does not guarantee freedom to the enlisted
slave. Passed in this shape, contrary to General Lee's recommendation, it is
likely to prove rather an obstacle than a relief to the enemy. To arm slaves in
a war to perpetuate slavery is suicidal. The apprehension which will be created
will make it necessary to employ a large armed force to keep the negroes under
control during their military discipline, and even when this shall have been
perfected, they will take the first opportunity which offers to turn the table
against their masters, whom many of them love indeed, but whom they would easily
sacrifice for their freedom, which they love better. In the mean time the State
of Virginia, through her Legislature, has authorized the Confederate President
to call upon her for her quota of slave soldiers.
The great political event of the
week was the President's re-inauguration on the 4th. The ceremony was very
interesting and impressive. The following was the Inaugural Address delivered by
second appearing to take the oath of the Presidential office, there is less
occasion for an extended address than there was at the first. Then, a statement,
somewhat in detail, of a course to be pursued, seemed fitting and proper. Now,
at the expiration of four years, during which public declarations have been
constantly called forth on every point and phase of the great contest which
still absorbs the attention and engrosses the energies of the nation, little
that is new could be presented. The progress of our arms, upon which all else
chiefly depends, is as well known to the public as to myself; and it is, I
trust, reasonably satisfactory and encouraging to all. With high hope for the
future, no prediction in regard to it is ventured.
" On the occasion corresponding
to this four years ago, all thoughts were anxiously directed to an impending
civil war. All dreaded it all sought to avert it. While the inaugural address
was being delivered from this place, devoted altogether to saving the Union
without war, insurgent agents were in the city seeking to destroy it without war
seeking to dissolve the Union, and divide effects, by negotiation. Both parties
deprecated war; but one of them would make war rather than let the nation
survive; and the other would accept war rather than let it perish. And the war
" One-eighth of the whole
population were colored slaves, not distributed generally over the Union, but
localized in the southern part of it. These slaves constituted a peculiar and
powerful interest. All knew that this interest was, somehow, the cause of the
war. To strengthen, perpetuate, and extend this interest was the object for
which the insurgents would rend the Union, even by war; while the Government
claimed no right to do more than to restrict the territorial enlargement of it.
Neither party expected for the war the magnitude or the duration which it has
already attained. Neither anticipated that the cause of the conflict might cease
with, or even before, the conflict itself should cease. Each looked for an
easier triumph, and a result less fundamental and astounding. Both read the same
Bible, and pray to the same God; and each invokes His aid against the other. It
may seem strange that any men should dare to ask a just God's assistance in
wringing their bread from the sweat of other men's faces; but let no judge not,
that we be not judged. The prayers of both could not be answered that of neither
has been answered fully. The Almighty has His own purposes. 'Woe unto the world
because of offenses? for it must needs be that offenses come; but woe to that
man by whom the offense cometh.' If we shall suppose that American slavery is
one of those offenses which, in the providence of God, must needs come, but
which, having continued through His appointed time, He now wills to remove, and
that He gives to both North and South this terrible war, as the woe due to those
by whom the offense came, shall we discern therein any departure from those
divine attributes which the believers in a living God always ascribe to Him ?
Fondly do we hope fervently do we pray that this mighty scourge of war may
speedily pass away. Yet, if God wills that it continue until all the wealth
piled by the bondman's two hundred and fifty years of unrequited toil shall be
sunk, and until every drop of blood drawn with the lash shall be paid by another
drawn with the sword, as was said three thousand years ago, on still it must be
said, ' The judgments of the Lord are true and righteous altogether.'
"With malice toward none; with
charity for all; with firmness in the right, as God gives us to see the right,
let us strive on to finish the work we are in; to bind up the nation's wounds ;
to care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow, and his
orphan to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and a lasting peace among
ourselves, and with all nations."
THE END OF THE THIRTY-EIGHTH
CONGRESS. The closing business of the Thirty-eighth Congress was hurried through
without much ceremony. We give the record of the last days in our usual
In the Senate, a bill was passed
giving the Lieutenant-General's Chief-of-Staff the pay of a Brigadier-General.
The $600,000,000 Loan bill passed without amendment. The Indian Appropriation
bill was passed; also the bill to establish the office of Naval Judge Advocate.
In the House, the Amendatory
Tariff bill and the Legislative Appropriation bill were passed.
In the Senate, the Tax bill was
perfected and adopted. In the House, three additional Standing Committees were
established. 1. Committee on Appropriations. 2. Committee on Banking and
Currency. 3. Committee on Pacific Railroad. The Civil Appropriation bill was
passed; also a bill regulating the disposal of unpaid letters. A bill
restricting the issue of circulating notes by National Banks was passed.
March 3 :
In the Senate, the annual Post
route bill and the Revised Tariff bill were passed. Also the Freedmen's Bureau
bill. The Conference Report on the Internal Revenue bill was concurred in.
In the House, the Senate's
amendments to the Enrollment bill were agreed to. The Conference Report on the
Freed-men's Bureau bill was concurred in. The Indian Appropriation bill and a
bill authorizing the coinage of three-cent pieces were passed.
In the Senate, the Conference
Report on the Amended Enrollment bill was adopted. The bill for the coinage of
three cent pieces was passed. At noon Vice-President Johnson took the official
oath and the Senate adjourned. The Clerk then read the proclamation for an extra
session; the new members were sworn in, and the Senate in a body joined in the
ceremonies of the inauguration.
In the House, the Senate's
amendment to the bill reducing the duty on imported printing paper only to 15
instead of 3 per-cent. was non concurred in. The Army Appropriation bill was
passed. The Civil Appropriation bill was laid over. After an eloquent address
from the Speaker the House adjourned.
A letter from Wilmington, North
Carolina, states that reliable information had been received at that city that
Sherman's advance entered North Carolina two weeks ago, and that he himself was
at Camden, in that State, on the 28th ult.
Hugh McCulloch was confirmed
as Secretary of the Treasury by the Senate on the 7th.
Governor Andrew, of
Massachusetts, will not take action in the case of Green, the Malden murderer,
until legislative action is taken upon the subject of the abolition of capital
punishment, referred to in the message of his Excellency.
A Canada paper estimates that
forty-three thousand Canadians have enlisted in the Federal army since the
commencement of the war. Of these it is calculated that fourteen thousand have
died on the battle field.
The New Jersey Legislature has
rejected the Constitutional Amendment.
According to General Gillmore's
report 450 pieces of ordnance were taken with
Georgetown has been evacuated by
the enemy, and is now in our possession.
Brigadier-General James H. Ledlie,
late commander of the First Division, Ninth Army Corps, has resigned his
commission on account of continued ill-health.
Colonel Alonzo Alden, injured at
the explosion in
Fort Fisher, has been promoted to a Brigadier-Generalship.
General Forrest is busy reorganizing the rebel cavalry in the district of
Mississippi, East Louisiana, and West Tennessee.
General Grierson is to have
charge of all the Federal cavalry in the Department of the West.
Brigadier-General William Hays, late Assistant Provost Marshal in New York City,
having reported to
General Humphreys for duty, has been assigned to the
temporary command of the Second Division.
Another railroad slaughter
occurred on the Camden Road, near Bristol, on the 7th instant, by which nine
lives were lost, and some thirty persons seriously injured.
ON the 15th of February the
Legislative Session was opened by the French Emperor in person. In his speech he
indicated no change in his attitude toward this country. The treaty of commerce
between France and Sweden had been signed.
The Italian King on the 13th of
February authorized the publication of the Pope's Encyclical Letter reserving,
however, the rights of the State and Crown, and without admitting the
propositions contained in those documents which may be contrary to the
institutions and legislation of the country.
The difficulty between Spain and
Peru has been settled by the payment on the part of the latter of 400,000,000
reals as an indemnity to Spain.
The new Confederate ram Stonewall
was at Ferrol at our latest advises. She had three heavy guns and seventy-four
men, but was not considered sea worthy.
In England there was considerable
commercial depression, occasioned by the rumors of the Peace Conference between
President Lincoln and the Confederate Commissioners.
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
A COMPANION.—A parrot was lately
advertised, and after painting its personal beauties, its other accomplishments
were thus described : "Will laugh, sing, and talk; perfectly good temper; no bad
language; well worth the attention of any person that may want a companion!" We
do not remember to have met with any human advertiser so finely gifted, and
would recommend to some elderly bachelor, in making his election, to ponder
maturely upon the merits of the young ladies who may tempt him from celibacy and
the above state of the poll.
OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
A Stitch in Time saves Nine. By
the author of It is Never too Late to Mend.
The Art of Singing. F. SHARP.
How we Cut Out the Tenceraire,
from the log of a retired Naval Officer.
The Strong Ale Chronicles (in the
press gang), being twenty years' recollections of public life. (Quarto.) The
Undertaker's Manual. HEARST AND BLACKIT.
The time that the engines played
upon the late fire. The off wheel of the coach and four that was driven through
an Act of Congress.
The wrong horse that had the
saddle put upon him. Any one of the wards belonging to the key in which Patti
A coffin in which the celebrated
"dead lock" that affairs come to was buried.
A photograph of the bruises on
the hour that was struck by the clock.
The exact elevation of the
gentleman who was above telling a lie.
The exact distance of a statement
that is beyond belief. The whereabouts of the gentleman who was knocked into the
middle of next week.
The top of the morning.
The biceps of an arm of the sea.
A bunion from the foot of a
ORNAMENTAL AND USEFUL. We have
much pleasure in announcing a sweet thing in coiffures. It consists in a bundeau
formed of gold and silver, and set with diamonds and other precious stones of
various colors, arranged in two numerical figures indicating the wearer's age.
GOOD PLACE FOR HOT WINE IN COLD
WEATHER-The Isle of Mull.
A Book FOR PRIVATE CIRCULATION
ONLY.-The late King of Prussia once sent to an aid-de-camp, Colonel Malachowki,
who was brave but poor, a small port folio, bound like a book, in which were
deposited five hundred crowns. Some time afterward he met the officer, and said
to him, "Ah, well, how did you like the new work which I sent you?" "
Excessively, Sire," replied the Colonel. " I read it with such interest that I
expect the second volume with impatience." The King smiled, and when the
officer's birthday arrived he presented him with another port folio, similar in
every respect to the first, but with these words engraved upon it: " This work
is complete in two volumes."
The winds sweep, the waves wash,
the clouds weave, and the planets spin. A good housewife does all these.
ONLY A POET.—Mr. Tennyson
recently lodged for a few days in a little island inn of the Hebrides along with
other tourists. On his departure a young sportsman said to the inn-keeper, "Do
you know whom you have had in the house?" "No," replied the inn-keeper. "That
gentleman is the poet-laureate." "The poet-laureate !" echoed Donald. " " Was it
for a poet that I kept the best bed a hard a sennachie?" and he marched off,
apparently quite indignant at himself for his undesigned politeness to so humble
or doubtful a character as a poet.
An over-scrupulous editor refused
to insert a poulterer's business announcement on the ground that it was a quack
A Manchester gentleman having
invented a new dance, with a true commercial eye has christened it the " Cotton
WEIGHED.—A renowned clergyman of
Lincolnshire lately preached rather a long sermon from the text, "Thou art
weighed in the balance and found wanting." After the congregation had listened
about an hour some began to get weary and went out; others soon followed,
greatly to the annoyance of the minister. Another person started, whereupon the
parson stopped in his sermon and said, "That's right, gentlemen; as fast as you
are weighed pass out!" He continued his sermon at some length after that, but no
one disturbed him by leaving.
The newest mechanical contrivance
announced is Mr. Harrison's invention of "Weaving by Compressed Air." is this
what has been so long "looming in the future?"
A SELL.—A charming French
actress, embarking with a rich monsieur from France, dropped a small box over
board as if by accident, whereupon she cried out in despair, "The diamonds of my
child! Lost! lost! men Dieu ! mon Dieu!" She was consoled as well as possible at
the time by her wealthy admirer's making her a costly present. Subsequently the
box was fished up, and, for a considerable reward, transferred to him. What was
his astonishment on finding it contained only dominoes!
HOW TO MAKE A LITTLE GO A GREAT
WAY—Send it by rail.
THE PROPER DAY FOR MARRIAGES-Wedd'nsday.
EXCHANGE IS NO ROBBERY.-A young
gentleman accused a lady of his acquaintance with having broken his peace of
mind, she in return gave him a piece of her mind; but he did not consider the
donation as it substitute.
VERY SOOTHING.—Brigands in Greece
pour boiling oil on their captives to extort their money. That's an unpalatable
"lie" of Greece.
A general shouldn't stand too
straight. He ought to lean a little upon his staff.
HOW TO LIVE LONG.—An old man, on
being asked how he had lived to attain so great an age, replied, " When I could
sit I never stood : I married late, was soon a widower, and never married
WHISKY.—An old Red Indian, who
had witnessed the effect of whisky for many years, said that a barrel of liquor
contained 1000 songs and 50 fights.
A gentleman was one day, in the
old coaching times, traveling by a coach which moved at a very slow pace. "
Pray," said he to the guard, "what is the name of this coach?" "The Regulator,"
was the reply. "And a very appropriate name too," said the traveler, " for I see
all the other coaches go by it."
A QUEER START.—"I am astonished,
my dear young lady, at your sentiments; you make me start." " Well, I have been
wanting you to start for the last hour."
If you doubt whether to kiss a
pretty girl, give her the benefit of the doubt and go in.
THE QUACK'S MOTTO--I