General Joseph Wheeler


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General Joseph Wheeler

Joseph Wheeler

Biography (Written and Submitted by Mr. Gabe Weaver)

General Joseph Wheeler was born on September 10, 1836 in Augusta, Georgia. He graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in 1859. Wheeler resigned from the U.S. Army in April 1861 and became First Lieutenant of Artillery in the Confederate Army. Wheeler was appointed Colonel of the 19th Alabama in September 1861. At the Battle of Shiloh, Colonel Wheeler commanded a brigade covering the Confederate retreat on the second day of fighting. Colonel Wheeler was then given the command of Cavalry in the Army of Mississippi under General Braxton Bragg in July 1862. Throughout the war Wheeler would be wounded three times and would loose sixteen horses. Wheeler was promoted to Brigadier-General in October 1862, after leading General Bragg's invasion of Kentucky in August and September. He protected the Confederate retreat at the Battle of Perryville on October 8th. At the Battle of Murfreesboro General Wheeler skillfully delayed the advance of General William Rosecran's troops. General Wheeler was promoted to Major-General in January 1863. General Wheeler began to oppose General Sherman's March to Atlanta in early 1864.

General Joseph Wheeler

General Joseph Wheeler


General Wheeler was promoted to Major-General in February of 1865. He would then fight under General Joseph E. Johnston in the Carolinas until the end of the war. General Wheeler was captured near Atlanta. After the war, he entered business in New Orleans and then moved to Alabama. In March 1880, General Wheeler entered Congress and would resign in 1900. General Wheeler then served as a Major-General in the Spanish-American War, and would retire in September 1900. Major-General Joseph Wheeler died in Brooklyn, New York at his sister's house, and was buried in Arlington National Cemetery on January 25,1906.

Many thanks to Mr. Gabe Weaver for Writing and Submitting this Biography.



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