P. G. T. Beauregard


This Site:

Civil War

Civil War Overview

Civil War 1861

Civil War 1862

Civil War 1863

Civil War 1864

Civil War 1865

Civil War Battles

Confederate Generals

Union Generals

Confederate History

Robert E. Lee

Civil War Medicine

Lincoln Assassination


Site Search

Civil War Links


Civil War Art

Revolutionary War

Mexican War

Republic of Texas


Winslow Homer

Thomas Nast

Mathew Brady

Western Art

Civil War Gifts

Robert E. Lee Portrait

Up | Robert E. Lee | Stonewall Jackson | P. G. T. Beauregard | J. E. B. Stuart | General James Longstreet | Nathan Bedford Forrest | Joseph E. Johnston | George Pickett | John S. Mosby | Patrick Ronayne Cleburne | General John Bell Hood | Albert Sidney Johnston | John C. Breckenridge | General Braxton Bragg | General William Barksdale | General Jubal Anderson Early | General Ambrose Powell Hill | General Richard Stoddert Ewell | General John Hunt Morgan | General Lewis Armistead | Admiral Raphael Semmes | General Edmund Kirby Smith | General Wade Hampton | General Leonidas Polk | General Benjamin Cheatham | General Joseph Wheeler | John Pemberton | General John B. Gordon | General Daniel Hill | General William Hardee

Confederate Generals

P. G. T. Beauregard

Up | Beauregard Bio in Harper's Weekly

P.G.T. Beauregard


Pierre Gustave Toutant de Beauregard (May 28, 1818 - February 20, 1893), best known as a General for the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War, was also a writer, civil servant, and inventor. Beauregard was born in New Orleans, Louisiana to a white Creole family. He trained at the United States Military Academy at West Point, graduating in 1838, and excelled both as an artilleryman and military engineer. He served as a major under Winfield Scott during the Mexican-American War.

He briefly entered into politics in his home town, and was narrowly defeated in the election for Mayor of New Orleans in 1858.

General P. G. T. Beauregard

General P. G. T. Beauregard

He then returned to teach at West Point, where he rose to become the Superintendent of the Military Academy, then resigned when Louisiana seceded from the Union. Beauregard was one of 8 full generals in the Confederate Army. He recommended stationing strong forces to protect New Orleans, but was overruled by Jefferson Davis; this started friction between Beauregard and Davis that would only get worse as years progressed. Beauregard's first assignment from the Confederate Government was command of the forces in Charleston, South Carolina, where on April 12, 1861 he opened fire on the Union held Fort Sumter, regarded as the start of the American Civil War.

He led Confederate forces to victory in the First battle of Manassas, and commanded with mixed results until forced to withdraw at the Battle of Shiloh. Beauregard successfully defended Charleston from repeated Union attacks 1862 - 1864. In 1864 he was appointed commander of Confederate forces in the West, where he fought without success to halt the advances of superior Union forces under U. S. Grant and William T. Sherman. He surrendered to the Union in April 1865.


After the war he spoke in favor of civil and voting rights for the recently freed slaves, an opinion not common among high-ranking Confederates.

Pierre Gustave Toutant de BeauregardBeauregard's military writings include The Principles and Maxims of the Art of War, Report on the Defense of Charleston, and A Commentary on the Campaign and Battle of Manassas. Beauregard and Jefferson Davis published a series of bitter accusations and counter-accusations, blaming each other in retrospect for the defeat of the Confederacy.

General Beauregard declined offers to take command of the armies of Romania (1866) and Egypt (1869).

He became involved in promotion of railroads, both as a company director and a consulting engineer. He invented a system of cable-powered street railway cars.

He served in the government of the State of Louisiana, first as adjutant general, and then less successfully as manager of the Louisiana State Lottery. Though considered personally honest, he failed to reform corruption in the Lottery system.

P.G.T. Beauregard died in New Orleans. He was buried in Metairie Cemetery.



site stats


Site Copyright 2003-2018 Son of the South. For Questions or comments about this collection,

contact: paul@sonofthesouth.net

privacy policy

Are you Scared and Confused? Read My Snake Story, a story of hope and encouragement, to help you face your fears.