General John Pemberton

 

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General John Pemberton

John Pemberton

Biography (Written and Submitted by Mr. Gabe Weaver)

General John Clifford Pemberton was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on August 10, 1814. Pemberton graduated fro West Point in 1837 and served in the Second Seminole War and the Mexican War. In 1861 he resigned and came to Virginia to fight for his wife's native state. In March 1862 Pemberton was promoted to Major-General and was given command of the Department of South Carolina and Georgia. Many of the troops worried that the Northerner would not be able to function correctly during a battle. General Pemberton was later promoted to Lieutenant-General and was put in charge of defending Vicksburg, Mississippi.

 

General John Pemberton

 After General Pemberton took control of the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana on October 14, 1862 he began to solve the problems they had with supplies and morale. During the winter of 1862-63 General Pemberton was successful in repealing General Ulysses S. Grant when Grant tried to take over Vicksburg. In 1863 General Joseph E. Johnston ordered General Pemberton to join his troops, but before General Pemberton could meet up with General Johnston he bumped into General Grant at Champions Hill and was defeated. General Pemberton retreated to the city of Vicksburg where he and his men withstood a 47 day long siege and surrendered on July 4, 1863. After he surrendered he asked for a rank reduction showing he was loyal to the Confederate Army. General Pemberton served as a Lieutenant-Colonel of artillery in Virginia and South Carolina. Lieutenant-General John Clifford Pemberton died in Penllyn, Pennsylvania on July 13,1881.
 

Many thanks to Mr. Gabe Weaver for Writing and Submitting this Biography.

 

 

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