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(Continuation of Article on Secretary Floyed Resignatin
from the US Cabinet)
must inevitably inaugurate civil war. I can not consent to be the agent of such
calamity. I deeply regret that I feel myself under the necessity of tendering to
you my resignation as Secretary of War, because I can no longer hold it under my
convictions of patriotism nor with honor, subjected as I am to a violation of
solemn pledges and plighted faith."
MESSAGE OF THE
The Governor's Message was delivered to the Legislature at
Harrisburg on 2d
He declares the doctrine of secession erroneous. The Constitution is something
more than a mere compact. Organized resistance to the Federal Government is
rebellion. If successful, it may be purged
of the crime by revolution; if unsuccessful, the persons may be executed as
traitors. But while denying the right of a State to absolve its citizens from
allegiance to the Federal Government, nevertheless it is proper that we
carefully and candidly examine the reasons alleged, and if they are well founded
they should be unhesitatingly removed, and reparation made for the past and
security for the future ; for a government created by the people should never do injustice to any
portion of its citizens. Pennsylvania being included in the States alleged to
have refused compliance with the
Fugitive Slave Law, he unhesitatingly avers
that the State has been almost invariably influenced by a high regard for the
rights of her sister States. After examining the present State laws, he says
there is nothing to prevent the revival of the act of 1826, leaving to the
claimant the right to seek a remedy under the State or National laws. He
recommends that the consent of the State be given to the master, while
sojourning in or passing through Pennsylvania, to retain the services of the
slave. He suggests the reenactment of the
Missouri Compromise, and that the
line be extended to California by amendment of the Constitution ; recommends the
Legislature to instruct our representatives in Congress to support such an
amendment, to be submitted to the State Convention for ratification, and if
Congress fails to pro-pose it, let it emanate from the people. He closes by
declaring that Pennsylvania is devoted to the Union, and will follow the
and stripes through every peril. He adds : " But before assuming the
responsibilities that are foreshadowed, it is the solemn duty of Pennsylvania to
re-move every just cause of complaint, so that she can stand before high Heaven
without fear and without reproach, and than she will be ready to devote her
lives and fortunes to the best form of government ever devised by the wisdom of
man. Though a dark cloud now rests upon the Union, my hopes and affections still
cling to it. My prayer is, that He who orders the destinies of nations, when he
shall have punished us for our sins, will again have mercy upon us, and bind us
together in stronger and more hallowed bond, of fraternity, so that the Union
may remain unbroken through all future time."
MISSOURI FOR THE
Governor Stewart's Message was read to the Legislature on 3d.
After reviewing the progress of the Abolition and Republican parties, and
stating the result of their success, the Governor says that Missouri occupies a
position in regard to these troubles that should make her voice potent in the
councils of the nation. With scarcely a Disunionist
per se within her borders, she is still determined to demand and maintain
her rights at every hazard.
Missouri loves the Union, and will never submit to wrong.
She came into the Union upon a compromise, and is willing
to abide by a fair compromise—not such ephemeral contracts as are enacted by
Congress today and repealed tomorrow, but a compromise assuring all the just
rights of the States, and agreed to in solemn convention of all the parties
Missouri has a right to speak on this subject, because she has suffered deeply,
having, probably, lost as much in the past few years by abductions of slaves as
all the rest of the
Southern States put together.
Speaking of secession, the Governor deprecates the action of South Carolina, and
says: " Our people would feel more sympathy with the movement, had it originated
among those who, like ourselves, have suffered severe losses and constant
annoyances from the interference and depredations of outsiders."
Missouri will hold to the Union so long as it is worth the effort to preserve
it. She can not be frightened by the past unfriendly legislation of the North,
or dragooned into secession by the restrictive legislation of the extreme South.
The Governor denies the right of voluntary secession, and says that it would be
utterly destructive of every principle on which the national faith is founded ;
appeals to the great conservative masses of the people to put down selfish and
designing politicians, to avert the threatened evils, and closes with a strong
recommendation to adopt all proper
measures for our rights ; condemns the resort to separation; protests
against hasty and unwise action, and records his unalterable devotion to the
Union, so long as it can be made the protector of equal rights.
The Inaugural Address of Governor Jackson, of Missouri, was delivered on 4th. It
is devoted almost exclusively to a discussion of the national troubles, and
takes the position that Missouri must stand by the other Slaveholding States,
whatever course they may pursue—the interests of all being identical. Missouri,
however, is in favor of remaining in the Union so long as there is a hope of
maintaining the guarantees of the Constitution. The Governor is opposed to
coercion in any event, but recommends the calling of a State Convention to
ascertain the will of the people.
MARYLAND FOR THE UNION.
Henry Winter Davis's address to his constituents is a powerful appeal against
convening the Maryland Legislature. He contends that such an act, under the
present excitement, would be fraught with imminent danger to the Union, and to
any hope of adjusting the existing national difficulties. He denounces the
efforts made and making to have our Legislature
assembled, as instigated by the
extreme revolutionists and secessionists of the South —a plot to forcibly
take possession of the Federal Capital and prevent
Lincoln's inauguration, which
would irretrievably dissolve the Union, and plunge the whole nation into civil
He also says that Maryland has every thing to lose and nothing to gain by
Southern Confederacy. A dissolved Union, under any circumstances,
destroys her identity, kills her commerce, her railroads, manufactures, every
thing. Her only safety is in the Union, and her paramount duty is to defend it
at every hazard.
He says the Southern secessionists have been stumping the State, insidiously
poisoning the minds of the Maryland people, and endeavoring
to get them to urge the convocation of the Legislature by overruling and
Governor Hicks ; that if the Legislature were convened such
appliances would be made to the members as would cause them to take sides with
the filibustering revolutionists, and plunge the whole country into
He also opposes any convention of the border States, as has been proposed, to
assemble in Baltimore—it being unconstitutional. Every project
toward adjusting the difficulties
must be unconstitutional, except those in the amendments and compromises
prescribed by the Constitution. The whole people and States must act together.
slavery secure only by the Union's
protection. Nothing but adjustment within the whole Union can avert civil war.
He still hopes this settlement within the range of possibility.
THE LEGISLATURE OF MICHIGAN.
The Michigan Legislature met at Lansingburg on 2d, and organized by the election of Dexter Mussey, of Ma-comb,
Speaker. The retiring Governor- delivered his annual Message to both Houses. State affairs are represented to be in a prosperous condition. He takes strong ground
against the right of secession; charges the President of the
United States with misrepresenting the principles of the Republican party ; and
attributes the present sectional excitement to misrepresentation, by the Northern Democratic press, as to the intentions and designs of that party. In
relation to the Personal Liberty laws of the State, he says
if they are unconstitutional and in conflict with the Fugitive Slave law, they should be repealed; but says these laws are right, and speak the sentiments of the people, are
in strict accordance with the Constitution, and ought not
to be repealed. Let them stand. This is no time for timid
and vacillating counsel while the cry of treason is ringing in our ears.
Governor Blair, of Michigan, in his Inaugural Address, sent to the Legislature
of that State on 4th, denies the right of secession, and says that if without
yielding this point it could be done, he presumes that the country generally
would be willing to let the restless little State of South Carolina step out.
He denies that the Personal Liberty laws have prevented the execution of the
Fugitive Slave Law in a single instance. He is unwilling that Michigan should
comply with a demand to repeal any of her laws when it is accompanied with
threats. He recommends that the Legislature speedily assure the country that
Michigan will stand by the Union, and to proffer to the President her whole
military force in its defense.
THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS.
Governor Banks, contrary to custom, upon surrendering his commission as Governor
of Massachusetts, addressed a Message to the Legislature, reviewing his
administration, and giving an exhibit of the financial condition of the
commonwealth. It was never in a more prosperous condition. This is not only true
in face of the present depressed condition of the country, but it is also true
that the Savings Banks of
Massachusetts contain deposits, made almost wholly by the working men and
women of that and other New England States, to the amount of thirty-three
million of dollars. In view of the startling announcements that the laboring
classes of Massachusetts are starving, the above is a remarkable fact.
DELAWARE FOR THE
The Legislature of Delaware met at Dover, on 2d inst., and organized by choosing
Dr. Martin, of Sussex, Speaker of the Senate, and Mr. Williamson, of Newcastle,
Speaker of the House.
Hon. H. Dickenson, Commissioner from Mississippi, was received today, and
addressed both Houses in a strong Southern Speech, taking ground in favor of
South Carolina and secession, and inviting Delaware to join in a Southern
Confederacy. He claimed the right of the Southern States to secede, and said
that if they were not allowed to do so, war was inevitable.
The speech of Mr. Dickenson was greeted with applause and hisses.
After the speech the House adopted unanimously the following resolution, in
which the Senate concurred by a majority:
Resolved, That having extended to Hon. H. Dickenson, Commissioner from
Mississippi, the courtesy due him as a representative of a sovereign State of
Confederacy, as well as to the State he represents, we deem it proper and
due to ourselves and the people of Delaware to express our unqualified
disapproval of the remedy for the existing difficulties suggested by the
resolutions of the Legislature of Mississippi."
MEETING OF THE
A telegram dated Tallahassee, Thursday, January 3, says : The Convention met at
noon today. Colonel Petit was chosen temporary chairman. A prayer was made by
Bishop Rutledge. The several counties in the State were then called, and the
delegates enrolled their names. No permanent organization was effected, nor was
any Committee appointed on the subject.
STARVATION AND TERROR IN THE COTTON
A writer in the Philadelphia Press says :
"I have been enabled to glean from conversation with visitors lately arrived in
this city from Charleston,
Memphis, and from
reading certain private letters, the following facts:
" That starvation is impending in many parts of South Carolina, Alabama,
Georgia, and Louisiana.
"That there is little or no money in circulation in the Cotton States, and
notwithstanding the suspension of nearly all the Southern banks, their paper has
"That even Virginia notes are far below par in this city.
"That the necessity of raising money to support war establishments in the
different Cotton States, intended for the double purpose of resisting the
Federal Government and of putting down local trouble, alarms the
property-holders, many of whom would retire to the North, but they are forced to
pay these taxes in order to prevent suspicion, and are compelled to remain lest
a portion of their families might be retained as hostages.
"That constant fears are entertained of a rising of the slaves in most of the
Southern States. These fears, whether real or imaginary, are producing universal
" Letters received this morning by a Southern lady represent the feeling on this
subject as intense.
"That bitter divisions are growing up among the politicians in the South—some
produced by disputes on the question of secession, some by the horrors of forced
taxation, and still more by the fact that South Carolina is in the attitude of
enforcing a Reign of Terror, to which all men must submit in order to save
reputation and life."
FAMINE IN ALABAMA, MISSISSIPPI, ETC.
A Kentucky letter to the Philadelphia Press says : in the mean while starvation
throughout the Southern cities, starvation in Alabama, starvation in South
Carolina, starvation in Mississippi, and even starvation in Kentucky, is
threatened. Yes! almost in the neighborhood of the residence of the
Vice-President himself. I have in my hand a letter from a Democrat living in
Lexington, who says, ' Times are so hard here that I am compelled to economize
so as to live. We have held on here until patience is entirely exhausted, and
now we see no other alternative but secession.' The cry that ' Cotton is king'
is well enough, but cotton can not buy bacon and grain to feed the slaves. This
must be procured with bullion—with gold and silver; and while England will
undoubtedly send forward her specie in order to procure her supply of cotton,
this specie must go to the Western cities and States, to save the Southern
cities and States from the direful catastrophe of famine. What a comment, this
painful fact, upon the favorite theory of establishing non-intercourse laws
between the North and the South, and of taxing those States which are supposed
to have passed Personal Liberty bills !"
REIGN OF TERROR IN MISSISSIPPI.
The following letter, from a large landholder and planter in Mississippi, is
published in the Herald :
" CO. MISSISSIPPI Dec. 25, 1860. "I have been through several counties in this
State, and some of the northern counties in Alabama, and I have no hesitation in
saying that the men of property in both States are unanimously opposed to the
secession movement. It is got up and engineered by the politicians and the poor
whites : the slaveholders are compelled to fall in with it for fear of having
their property confiscated. The largest slaveowner in this State was warned, the
other day, that if he gave vent to his Union sentiment he would be lynched and
his property confiscated. He took the hint and left the State. It is so in every
county, and also in Alabama, Louisiana, and Georgia. The interests of the owners
of slaves and property of every kind make them friends of the Union ; but in the
present state of feeling in these States they can not declare themselves without
running more risk than they care to encounter. The hope of us slaveholders is,
that the Government will at last do something to check the present revolutionary
tide, so as to give us a chance to organize a reactionary party without
endangering ourselves, our cotton, or our necks. If people here felt certain
that the United States Government would fight vigorously, a submissionist party
would soon make itself heard. It is the belief that Mr. Buchanan and his
Cabinet are on the side of secession, and that no resistance is to be feared,
which gives courage to the enemies of the Union. I have very little hope myself
in the future. We are now paying such prices for corn and provisions that cotton
planting is a losing business. If I could sell my slaves I would go North ; but
I could not sell now without losing sixty per cent. at least on their cost. So
I must swim with the tide and bear what fortune brings along."
A WARNING FROM GENERAL WOOL.
In a letter recently published
General Wool says : " Surely the President would not surrender the citadel of the harbor of Charleston
to rebels. Fort Sumter commands the entrance, and in a few hours could demolish Fort Moultrie.
So long as the United States keeps possession of this fort,
the independence of South Carolina will only be in name,
and not in fact. If, however, it should be surrendered to South Carolina, which I do not apprehend, the smothered indignation of the free
States would be roused beyond control. It would not be in the power of any one
to restrain it. In twenty days two hundred thousand men would be in readiness to
take vengeance on all who would betray the Union into the hands of its enemies.
Be assured that I do not exaggerate the feelings of the people. They are
already sufficiently excited at the attempt to dissolve the Union for no other
reason than that they constitutionally exercised the most precious right
conferred on them—of voting for the person whom they considered the most worthy
and best qualified to fill the office of President. Fort Sumter, therefore,
ought not, and I presume will not, be delivered over to South Carolina.”
Albany Evening Journal thus closes an
article vindicating its course in urging compromise on the slavery question for
the sake of the Union: "If our Republican friends would but turn their attention
from the ' dead past' to the ' living present,' with an intelligent appreciation
of all that the lesson teaches, our differences would cease. We only differ in
this, viz. : That with the election of a Republican President, the issues upon
which his success was mainly based became obsolete—obsolete, because, until we
acquire more territory, the conflict between Freedom and Slavery is over. The
moment the ballot-boxes closed, on the 6th day of November, the freedom of
Kansas, Nebraska, Washington, New Mexico, etc., was assured. The work was
finished ; and however vehemently our friends may keep stumping, their fires
will go out, and until fresh fuel is furnished can not be rekindled. The idea of
sustaining the Republican party upon questions that have been argued and
decided, is as preposterous as to expect to reap wheat or harvest corn from
fields in which seed was neither sown nor planted. Let us, then, gather
instruction from the ' dead past,' but as men of sense deal with the ' living
MR. SHERMAN ON THE CRISIS.
In a letter to a Philadelphia Committee, Mr. Sherman says: "In this view of the
present condition of public affairs, it becomes the people of the United States
seriously to consider whether the Government shall be arrested in the execution
of its undisputed powers by the citizens of one or more States, or whether we
shall test the power of the Government to defend itself against dissolution. Can
a separation take place without war? If so, where will be the line? Who shall
possess the magnificent capital, with all its evidences of progress and
civilization? Shall the mouth of the Mississippi be separated from its sources?
Who shall possess the Territories? Suppose these difficulties to be overcome ;
suppose that in peace we should huckster and divide up our nationality, our
flag, our history; all the recollections of the past; suppose all these
difficulties overcome, how can two rival republics, of the same race of men,
divided only by a line or a river for thousands of miles, with all the present
difficulties aggravated by separation, avoid forays, disputes, and war? How can
we travel our future march of progress in Mexico or on the high seas, or on the
Pacific slope, without collision? It is impossible. To peaceably accomplish such
results we must change the nature of man. Disunion is war ! God knows I do not
threaten it, for I will seek to prevent it in every way possible. I speak but
the logic of facts, which we should not conceal from each other. It is either
hostility between the Government and the seceding States, or, if separation is
yielded peaceably, it is a war of factions—a rivalry of insignificant
communities, hating each other, and contemned by the civilized world. If war
results, what a war it will be I Contemplate the North and South in hostile
array against each other. If these sections do not know each other now, they
The New York Times says: "It seems to be certain that
Mr. Lincoln has tendered
places in his Cabinet to Edward Bates, of Missouri, and Senator Cameron, of
Pennsylvania, and that both these invitations have been accepted. We have reason
to believe that he has also tendered the post of Secretary of State to
Seward, and that it is likely to be accepted. Our information upon this point,
however, is not positive."
ATTEMPT TO ASSASSINATE SENATOR WADE.
A dispatch, dated Washington, Jan. 2, says : " Among other sensations today was
one that Senator Wade was to be assassinated. The particulars are as follows:
Some time since some one residing in Mississippi, signing himself Phelps, wrote
a letter to Wade, after his late speech, threatening to shoot him at sight on
account of the anti-Southern sentiments therein contained. Yesterday afternoon
a man called upon Hon. Edward Wade, a Representative from Ohio, at his
residence, Mrs. Carter's, No. 4 A Street,
Capitol Hill, and asked if he was the
Congressman who had lately made a speech? Mr. W. replied that it was not
himself, but a relative. The stranger then asked where his relative, the
Senator, lived. Mr. W. gave the direction, and detaining his visitor upon some
pretext or other, sent word to the Senator that a suspicions individual was on
his track, and that he should be on his guard. In due time the stranger appeared
at the lodgings of Senator Wade, at Mrs. Hyatt's, No. 339
He was invited into the parlor, but declined, stating that his business was with
Mr. Wade alone, and that he wished to see him in his apartment. He was then
confronted by the Hon. Sidney Edgerton, of Ohio, who was stopping at the same
place. Mr. E. asked the stranger where he was from. He replied, Massachusetts.
But his pronunciation and general appearance inclined Mr. Edgerton to believe
that he was not from that region. Mr. E. then asked him his name. This the
stranger refused to give, and said he would disclose it to Mr. Wade alone. He
was told that Mr. W. was not accustomed to receive the visits of strangers in
that manner, and thereupon the stranger withdrew. This is the whole of that
assassination story, so far. The affair has created considerable talk and
speculation; for, in the midst of the sea of bad blood that now surges between
the North and South, there is no knowing what an hour may bring forth."
DEATH OF RALPH FARNHAM.
Ralph Farnham, the last survivor of the battle of Bunker's Hill, died on the
26th ult. in Acton, Maine, at the age of 104 years, 5 months, 19 days. On the
afternoon preceding his demise he asked his daughter-in-law, " Ain't there
angels in the room ?" She replied, " Father, do you think there are ?" " Oh
yes," said he, " the room is full of them, and they have come to assist me
home." Speaking of his recent trip to Boston, where he met the Prince of Wales,
and the Massachusetts State officers, he said :
One day Governor Banks and Mrs. Banks came to see me, and each of them made me a
present. Mrs. Banks kissed me ; and I don't recollect that I ever felt so
embarrassed in all my life as I did when I found the Governor's wife was going
to kiss me."
The National Fast Day, appointed by the President, and accordingly recommended
by the Governor of this State, was observed in this City by an almost universal
cessation of business, and otherwise in the most becoming manner. Nearly all the
churches of the various denominations were
opened, and were well filled, and in most instances crowded.
A HINT TO KING COTTON. WE read in the Manchester Guardian: "Several samples of Indian cotton have been exhibited on 'Change today, received by the Cotton Supply Association from the
Agricultural and Horticultural Society of Calcutta. One
sample was grown from Bourbon seed, and is of excellent
quality, worth 7d. per pound ; another is the native Oopnm cotton of India, and a third is grown in the neighborhood
of Delhi, valued at 6d. The attention of the trade is being
called to these products in proof hat India can furnish the
necessary staple for our manufactures. Under the uncertainty in which the supply of cotton is placed by the state of the relation between the free and the slave States of
America, it is to be hoped that spinners will encourage importation
from all other quarters. In connection with this subject, we point
attention to the prospectus of a Cotton Importing Company (limited) which is
started under the highest auspices,
and of which Mr. Thomas Bazley is Chairman of the Provisional
THE QUESTION OF VENICE.
Two significant articles have appeared in the Constitutionnel, from the pen of
M. Grandguillot, relative to Austria and Venetia. In these articles it is
covertly intimated that Austria must consent to sell Venetia, or be prepared for
a new war in the spring. It is also asserted that France will never suffer the
return to an offensive policy by Austria in Lombardy.
GARIBALDI AT HOME.
The Naples correspondence of the Tintes contains the following extracts from a
letter from Caprera received in Naples:
"CAPRERA, Sunday, Dee. 2.
At break of day all are astir, and every one preparing himself for his own
occupation, so that on the little square facing the house you see on one side
Colonel D— sharpening a knife, on the other F— mending a spade; Menotti, his
son, trying a musket ; I3--, who with a needle mends nets: G— selecting the
seeds; and, inside the house, the
daughter's good governess preparing some coffee for these working people.
' Then each goes :Mont his business—one to the direction of the plow, another to
the plantation of the vine, which is to be tried: some devoting themselves to
fishing, others to the chase, and the General to survey all, to direct all,
selecting the best agricultural systems that his mind suggests to him.
',Toward midday a slight and sober collation, where, seated around an old
walnut table, ' belonging to drawing or entrance room,' they narrate to each
other their campestral feats, interspersed by relations of war episodes, of
military adventures, and a hundred other things which render that familiar
intercourse so exquisitely agreeable and homelike.
"Then the daughter, a l'impromptu, makes the house resound with the accords of
an excellent piano (sole luxurious article of furniture he possesses at
Caprera), and begins playing the allegro, ' Dagliela avanti un passo,' followed
by that here prohibited, ' Va fuori d'Italia'—hymns which recall so much grief
and so many national joys. After breakfast each resumes his occupation again to
meet at the frugal evening dinner, where certainly no one envies the regal
repast shared in gilded saloons. At night, after a short walk, the Dictator
retires to his own little room, and there, alone with his thoughts, meditates on
the future destiny of that Italy, which, I may say, he never names without a
tremor of love.
" C. M—."
THE LATEST FROM PEKIN.
The British Foreign-office on Thursday, December 20, issued the two following
notifications to the newspapers : Sir John Cramtpton reports yesterday that Lord
Elgin, in a letter of the 8th November, informs him of the ratification and
publication of the treaty with China, and of the march of the army to Tien-tsin.
His lordship makes no mention of the prisoners, but says that he is indebted to
General Ignatieff for the manner in which that minister had promoted the object
of his negotiations.
The following, from Sir John Crompton, dated at St. Petersburg, also reached the
Foreign-office on the same day:
Prince Gortschakoff has communicated to me the following report, from General
Ignatieff, of the European Massacres by the Chinese : English, De Norman (Mr.
Bruce's attache), Anderson (chief of Lord Elgin's escort), and the correspondent
of the Times. French, Dubat (Intendent of the French expedition), one of his
aides-de-camp, and a Colonel of Artillery. These are the only cases cited by
General Ignatieff, but the total number of victims is not less than 19.
TORTURES INFLICTED ON THE PRISONERS.
The following is the evidence of Jowalla
Sing, who was with Lieutenant Anderson and Mr. De Norman when they died :
"We arrived at a fort, and were there put in prison, confined in cages and
loaded with chains. At that time we were seven in all. I know nothing of the
others. They were taken further on. 'We were kept in this place three days, so
tightly bound with cords that we could not move—the sowars hound with one cord,
the others with two. At the first place we got nothing to eat, after that they
gave us a little as before. After the first day at the second place Lieutenant
Anderson became delirious, and remained so, with a few lucid intervals, until
his death, which occurred on the ninth day of his imprisonment. Two days before
his death his nails and fingers burst from the tightness of the cords, and
mortification set in, and the bones of the wrist were exposed. While he was
alive worms were generated in his wounds, and ate into and crawled over his
body. They left the body there three days, and then took it away. Five days
after his death a sowar named Ramdun died in the same state. His body was taken
away immediately. Three days after this Mr. De Norman died. On the evening of
the day of Lieutenant Anderson's
decease the cords were taken off our hands, but our feet were still kept
bound ; and from that time we were better fed. Our feet were unbound two days
after this, and kept so until our release yesterday evening. When Lieutenant
Anderson and our comrades called on us to help him by biting his cords, the
Chinamen kicked us away. When we arrived at the joss-house between Tung-chow and
Pekin, Captain Brabazon and a French-man went back, and Lieutenant Anderson told
us they were going to the Commander-in-Chief to give information and obtain our
HOW THEY DIED.
The following is the testimony of another Sikh soldier : ; " We were then put
into tents, six in each; Mr. Anderson told off the numbers to each. This was
about 2 o'clock in the day. About half an hour after our arrival Mr. De Norman
was taken out, under the pretense of having his face and hands washed; he was
immediately seized, thrown on the ground, and his hands and feet tied together
be-hind. Mr. Anderson was then taken out and tied in the same manner; then Mr.
Bowlby, and then the French-man, and then the sowars. After we had all been tied
they put water on our bonds to tighten them. They then lifted us up, and took us
into a court-yard, where we remained in the open air for three days, exposed( to
the sun and cold. Mr. Anderson became delirious the second day, from the effects
of the sun and want of water and food. We had nothing to eat all that time. At
last they gave us about two square inches of bread and a, little water. In the
daytime the place was left open, and hundreds of people came to stare at us.
There were many amen of rank among the spectators. At night a soldier was placed
on guard over each of us. If we spoke a word, or asked for water, we were beaten
and stamped upon. They kicked us about the head with their boots. If we asked
for something to eat, they crammed dirt down our mouths. At the end of the
third day irons were put on our necks, wrists, and ankles, and about three
o'clock on the fourth day we were taken away in carts. I never saw Mr. Anderson
again. In our two carts there were eight of us—viz., three Frenchmen, four
Sikhs, and myself. One Frenchman died on the road; lie was wounded with a
sword-cut en the head. We were then taken away toward the hills. That night we
stopped at a house to cat and rest, and traveled all the next day. We stopped
again at night, and late the next day arrived at a walled town as big as Tien-tsin. There was also a large white fort outside the town, about two miles
off. The place was surrounded on three sides by high hills. We were taken into
the jail inside the town. A Frenchmen died after he had been in the jail about
eight or nine days, and Sowar Prem Singh about three or four days after that.
They both died from maggots eating into their flesh, and from which
mortification ensued. The mandarin in charge of the jail took off my irons about
ten days ago. The China nose prisoners were very kind to us, cleansed and washed
our wounds, and gave us what they had to eat.
"Camp Pekin, October 13, 1860 "