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Robert E. Lee Portrait
Miss Havisham glanced at him as if she understood what he really was, better
than I had thought possible, seeing
what he was there ; and took up a little bag from the table beside her.
"Pip has earned a premium here," she
said, "and here it is. There are five-and-twenty guineas
in this bag. Give it to your master, Pip."
As if he were absolutely out of his mind with the wonder awakened in him by her
strange figure and the strange
room, Joe, even at this pass, persisted in addressing me.
" This is very liberal on your part, Pip," said Joe, " and it is as such
received and grateful welcome, though never looked for, far nor near nor
nowheres. And now, old chap," said Joe, conveying to me a sensation, first of
burning and then of freezing, for I felt as if that familiar expression were
applied to Miss Havisham ; " and now, old chap, may we do our duty ! May you and
me do our duty, both on us by one and another, and by them which your liberal
present—have—conveyed—to be—for the satisfaction of mind-of-them as never—" here
Joe showed that he felt he had fallen into frightful difficulties, until he
triumphantly rescued himself with the words, " and from my-self far be it !"
These words had such a round and convincing sound to him that he said them
" Good-by, Pip !" said Miss Havisham. " Let them out, Estella."
" Am I to come again, Miss Havisham?" I asked.
"No. Gargery is your master now. Gargery
! One word!"
Thus calling him back as I went out of the door, I heard her say to Joe in a
distinct emphatic voice, " The boy has been a good boy here, and that is his
reward. Of course, as an honest man, you will expect no other and no more."
How Joe got out of the room I have never been able to determine ; but I know
that when he did get out he was insanely proceeding up stairs instead of coming
down, and was deaf to all remonstrances until I went after him and laid hold of
him. In another minute we were out-side the gate, and it was locked, and Estella
When we stood in the daylight alone again, Joe backed up against a wall, and
said to me, "Astonishing !" And there he remained so long, saying "Astonishing!"
at intervals, so often, that I began to think his senses were never coming back.
At length he prolonged his remark into
"Pip, I do assure
you that this is astonishing !" and so, by degrees, became
conversational and able to walk away.
I have reason to think that Joe's intellects were brightened by the encounter
they had passed through, and that on our way to Pumblechook's he invented a
subtle and deep design. My reason is to be found in what took place in Mr.
Pumblechook's parlor : where, on our presenting ourselves, my sister sat in
conference with that detested seedsman.
" Well?" cried my sister, addressing us both at once. "And what's happened to
you? I wonder you condescend to come back to such poor society as this, I
am sure I do !"
" Miss Havisham," said Joe, with a fixed look at me, like an effort of
remembrance, "made it wery partick'ler that we should give her—were it
compliments or respects, Pip?"
" Compliments," I said.
"Which that were my own belief,"
answered Joe—" her compliments to Mrs. J. Gargery."
"Much good they'll do me!" observed my sister ; but rather gratified too.
" And wishing," pursued Joe, with another fixed look at me, like another effort
of remembrance, " that the state of Miss Havisham's elth were sitch as would
have—allowed, were it, Pip?"
" Of her having the pleasure," I added.
"Of ladies' company," said Joe. And
a long breath.
" Well !" cried my sister, with a mollified glance at Mr. Pumblechook. " She
might have had the politeness to send that message at first, but it's better
late than never. And what did she give young Rantipole here ?"
" She giv' him," said Joe, " nothing."
Mrs. Joe was going to break out, but Joe went on.
" What she giv'," said Joe, "she giv'
to his friends. 'And by his friends,' were her explanation, ' I mean into the hands of his sister Mrs. J. Gargery.' Them
were her words; ' Mrs. J. Gargery.' She mayn't have know'd," added Joe, with an
appearance of reflection, " whether it were Joe, or Jorge."
My sister looked at Pumblechook : who smoothed the elbows of his wooden
arm-chair, and nodded at her and at the fire, as if he had known all about it
"And how much have you got?" asked
my sister, laughing. Positively laughing !
"What would present company say to ten pound ?" demanded Joe.
"They'd say," returned my sister, curtly,. "pretty well. Not too much, but
" It's more than that, then," said Joe.
That fearful Impostor, Pumblechook, immediately nodded, and said, as he rubbed
the arms of his chair : "It's
more than that, mum."
"Why, you don't mean to say—" began my sister.
" Yes, I do, mum,"
said Pumblechook ; " but wait a bit. Go on, Joseph. Good in you! Go on !"
"What would present company say,"
proceeded Joe, " to twenty pound ?"
"Handsome would be the word," returned my sister.
"Well, then," said Joe, "it's more
than twenty pound."
That abject Hypocrite, Pumblechook, nodded
Again, and said, with a patronizing laugh,
more than that, mum. Good again ! Follow her up, Joseph !"
"Then to make an end of it," said Joe, delightedly handing the bag to my sister
; "it's five-and-twenty pound."
"It's five-and-twenty pound, mum,"
echoed that basest of swindlers, Pumblechook, rising to shake hands with her ;
"and it's no more than your merits (as I said when my opinion was asked), and I
wish you joy of the money !"
If the Villain had stopped here his case would have been sufficiently awful, but
he blackened his guilt by proceeding to take me into custody, with a right of
patronage that left all his former criminality far behind.
" Now you sec, Joseph and wife,"
said Pumblechook, as he took me by the arm above the elbow, " I am one of them
that always go right through with what they've begun. This boy must be bound out
of hand. That's
my way. Bound out of hand."
" Goodness knows, Uncle Pumblechook,"
said my sister (grasping the money), " we're deeply beholden to you."
"Never mind me, mum," returned that diabolical corn-chandler. " A pleasure's a
pleasure all the world over. But this boy, you know ; we must have him bound. I
said I'd see to it—to tell you the truth."
The Justices were sitting in the Town Hall near at hand, and we at once went
over to have me bound apprentice to Joe in the Magisterial presence. I say we
went over, but I was pushed over by Pumblechook, exactly as if I had that moment
picked a pocket or fired a rick; indeed it was the general impression in Court
that I had been taken red-handed, for, as Pumblechook shoved me before him
through the crowd, I heard some people say, "What's he done ?" and others, "He's
a young 'un too, but looks bad, don't he ?" One person of mild and benevolent
aspect even gave me a tract ornamented with a woodcut of a malevolent young man
in a perfect sausage-shop of fetters, and entitled, To
BE READ IN MY
The Hall was a queer place, I thought, with higher pews in it than a church—and
with people hanging over the pews looking on—and with
mighty Justices (one with a powdered head) leaning back in chairs, with
folded arms, or taking snuff, or going to sleep, or writing, or reading the
newspapers—and with some shining black
portraits on the walls, which my unartistic eye regarded
as a composition of hardbake and sticking-plaster. Here, in a corner, my
indentures were duly signed and attested, and I was " bound ;" Mr. Pumblechook
holding me all the while as if we had looked in on our way to the scaffold to
have those little preliminaries disposed of.
When we had come out again, and had got rid of the boys who had been put into
great spirits by the expectation of seeing me publicly tortured, and who were
much disappointed to find that my friends were merely rallying round me, we went
back to Pumblechook's. And there
my sister became so excited by the twenty-five guineas, that nothing would serve
her but we must have a dinner out of that windfall, at the Blue Boar, and that
Pumblechook must go over in his chaise-cart, and bring the Hubbies and Mr.
It was agreed to be done ; and a most melancholy day I passed. For it
inscrutably appeared to stand to reason, in the minds of the whole company, that
I was an excrescence on the entertainment. And to make it worse, they all asked
me from time to time—in short, whenever they had nothing else to do—why I didn't
enjoy myself. And what could I possibly do then but say
I was enjoying myself—when I wasn't?
However, they were grown up and had their own way, and they made the most of it.
That swindling Pumblechook, exalted into the beneficent contriver of the whole
occasion, actually took the top of the table; and, when he ad-dressed
them on the subject of my being bound, and fiendishly congratulated them
on my being liable to imprisonment
if I played at cards, drank strong liquors, kept late hours or bad
company, or indulged in other vagaries which the form of my indentures appeared
to contemplate as next to inevitable, he placed me standing on a chair beside
him to illustrate his remarks.
My only other remembrances of the great festival are, that they wouldn't let me
go to sleep, but whenever they saw me dropping off, woke me up and told me to
enjoy myself. That, rather late in the evening Mr. Wopsle gave us Collins's Ode,
and threw his bloodstain'd sword
in thunder down with such effect that a waiter came
in and said, " The Commercials underneath sent up their compliments, and
it wasn't the Tumbler's Arms." That, they were all in excellent spirits, on the
road home, and sang 0 Lady Fair ! Mr. Wopsle taking the bass, and asserting with
a tremendously strong voice (in reply to the inquisitive bore who leads that
piece of music in a most impertinent manner, by wanting, to know all about every
body's private affairs), that
he was the man with his white locks flowing, and that he was upon the
whole the weakest pilgrim going.
Finally, I remember that when I got into my little bedroom I was truly wretched,
and had a strong conviction on me that I should never like Joe's trade. I had
liked it once, but once was not now.
December 21, in the Senate,
a bill was
reported to provide for a Territorial
Government for Arizona.
Mississippi, wished to
section added for the protection
desired that the law in force when
the Territory was annexed to this
until it shall become a State. Senator Doolittle,
speech, in which he re-
viewed the whole question of Slavery. He was followed
by Senators Jefferson Davis
of Mississippi, Green
of Virginia, and others,
and, without taking a vote,
the Senate adjourned until Monday.—In the House, Mr.
of Washington Territory,
made personal explanation
in reference to a dispatch
which had appeared in
a Boston and a New
York paper. Mr. Morris,
of the Special Committee
appointed to investigate
the defalcation, offered a resolution empowering the
Committee to sit elsewhere than in Washington, should
circumstances require it, and after some opposition it was
passed. The House then went into Committee
Whole on the Indian Appropriation
Bill, and soon after adjourned
On Monday, 31st, in the Senate, Senator Powell,
of Kentucky, Chairman
of the Special Committee
on the State
of the Union, reported that
had been unable to agree, and asked that the journal
of their proceedings be
printed. Senator Wilson,
offered a resolution, which was objected to and
laid over, requesting the Secretary of War to inform the
Senate relative to the condition of the arms in the national
armories, etc. The special order—Territorial business
—was then postponed, and Senator Benjamin proceeded to
make his expected secession speech, which he closed with
a declaration that the South could never be subjugated. A
scene of indescribable confusion thereupon ensued in the
galleries, which were finally cleared by the Sergeant-at-Arms.—In
the House, the Speaker presented a communication
from the Secretary of War. Several resolutions
were offered, having for their object an inquiry into the
condition of the forts and arsenals, but being objected to,
they were laid over under the rules. Mr. Pryor, of Virginia,
offered a resolution declaring that any attempt to
preserve the Union by force would be impracticable, and
demanded the previous question, which was ordered.
After considerable objection to the vote being taken, and a
somewhat excited discussion, the resolution was tabled—98
to 55. The Committee on Military Affairs, on motion
Mr. Stanton, of Ohio, was then instructed to inquire
into the manner in which arms had been distributed during
the year 1860, the condition of the forts, arsenals, etc.,
and whether the fortifications are suitably garrisoned—the
Committee having power to send for persons and papers.
Messrs. Davis and Holman, of Indiana, each presented
resolutions relative to the recent action of the South
Carolina Convention, but the House adjourned before any
action on them was taken.
On Wednesday, January 2, in the Senate, Senator Baker,
the new Republican Senator from Oregon, replied to
the secession speech of Senator Benjamin, delivered on
Monday. He denied the right of secession in tote, and
proved, from authorities, that the Constitution, instead of
being a mere compact between sovereign States, is, in fact,
a perpetual bond between the people of the whole country.
Senator Baker, without concluding, yielded to a motion
to adjourn; but before the adjournment took place,
Senator Davis, of Mississippi, asked and obtained leave to
present a preamble and resolution virtually sanctioning
the demand of South Carolina that the Federal troops be
withdrawn from the fortifications in
though not expressly saying so in so many words. They
were laid on the table and ordered to be printed.—In
the House, the day was spent principally in an effort to
get a vote on a resolution of inquiry in reference to the
late rebellious movements in South Carolina. The Indian
Appropriation Bill was passed.
On Thursday, January 3, in the Senate, Senator Baker,
of Oregon, proceeded to finish his speech in reply to Senator
Benjamin, of Louisiana, commenced on Wednesday.
He was followed by
Senator Douglas, who took the position
that the laws could only be enforced by civil process, or
by a force headed by a civil officer, and that when rebellion
became revolution, and a de facto government was
formed, then war could be declared.—In the House, Mr.
Bingham reported back from the Judiciary Committee the
bill further to provide for the collection of duties on imports,
with various amendments. The House, for want of
a quorum, adjourned over until Monday.
Mr. Bingham's bill, reported by him from the House
Judiciary Committee on 3d, provides, whenever, by reason
of unlawful obstructions, combinations, or assemblages of
persons, it shall become impracticable, in the judgment of
the President, to execute the revenue laws and collect the
duties on imports in the ordinary way, it shall be lawful for
him to direct the Custom-house for such district to be established
and kept in any secure place within some port or
harbor of said district, either on land or on board any vessel;
and in that case it should be the duty of the Collector
to reside at such place, and there detain all vessels and car-goes
arriving within the district until the duties imposed
on the cargoes by law shall be paid in cash, any thing in
the laws of the United States to the contrary notwithstanding;
and in such cases it shall be unlawful to take
the vessel or cargo from the custody of the proper officer
of the customs, unless by a process from some Court of the
United States; and in case any attempt shall be made to
take such vessel or cargo by any force or combination, or
assemblages of persons too great to be overcome by the officers
of the customs, it shall and may be lawful for the
President, or such person or persons as he shall have empowered
for the purpose, to employ such part of the land
or naval forces or militia of the United States as may be
deemed necessary for the purpose of preventing the removal
of such vessel or cargo and protecting the officers
of the customs in retaining the custody thereof.
On 26th ult., in this body, citizens of the United States
in South Carolina were declared citizens of South Carolina.
An ordinance was introduced by Mr. Rhett, providing
for a Convention of the
Southern States to be held
Montgomery, Alabama. On 27th, the Governor was
authorized to receive foreign ambassadors, etc. ; a Council
was provided to advise him. On 29th, the collector of
Charleston informed the Convention that all
the officers of the customs had entered the service of the
State. An ordinance was introduced permitting duties to
be paid in paper currency. On January 2d, an ordinance
was passed which defines and prescribes the punishment
for treason. It declares that treason consists in levying
war against the State, adhering to its enemies, and giving
them aid and comfort—for all which the penalty is "death
without the benefit of clergy." Another ordinance provides
that all judicial powers shall revert to the State ; and
another that all powers heretofore vested in Congress shall
be vested in the General Assembly of the State.
Governor Pickens has appointed
Hon. A. G. M'Grath
Secretary of State of South Carolina, Hon. D. F. Jamison
Secretary of War, C. G. Memminger Secretary of the Treasury, W. H. Harlee to regulate the Postal Department
and the light-houses, and A. C. Garlington Secretary of the Interior.
A dispatch to the Herald, dated Washington, January
"The President's reply to the Commissioners of South
Carolina has just been communicated. They demanded,
as a preliminary step to the initiation of negotiations,
that the troops be withdrawn from the forts in
" The President positively refuses to do this, and reiterates
his views in reference to the public property as set
forth in his Message to Congress, and informs them that
he not only intends to collect the revenue and execute the
laws, but to defend the property of the United States with
all the power at his command.
"He does not recognize the Commissioners officially, but
regards them as distinguished citizens of the United States
from South Carolina.
" The orders to
Major Anderson are given in full.
"From them it appears he could only have acted as he
has done, and certainly, if he had any tangible evidence
that South Carolina designed taking Fort Sumter.
"The policy pursued and the understanding had with
the people of South Carolina up to the
evacuation of Fort
Moultrie are given, and the people of the United States
will now understand what kind of pledges existed between
the President and the authorities of South Carolina, and
whether South Carolina will be sustained, even by the
South, in taking possession of property which does not be.
long to her.
The position taken by the President has produced the
utmost consternation among the Commissioners and their
On 31st the people of Charleston seized
Fort Johnson, the United States Arsenal
at Charleston, and the revenue cutter in the bay.
The President intends to collect the duties by force, and
has sent to the Senate the name of Mr. McIntyre, of York,
Pennsylvania, as Collector, vice Colcock, removed. The
sloop of war Brooklyn, which has recently returned with
the expedition sent out to survey the proposed route for a
railroad across the Isthmus at Chiriqui, together with another
Norfolk, has been ordered to be kept
in readiness to proceed to
at a moment's warning,
and a rumor is current that all the important Southern
posts are to be immediately reinforced.
First Lieutenant Underwood, second in command of the
revenue - cutter Aiken, seized by the secessionists at Charleston, arrived at Washington on 3d, and reported
to the Secretary of the
Treasury. Lieutenant Underwood
states that Captain Coste, the commander of the cutter,
was an avowed secessionist some time before South Carolina
decided to go out, and agreed, when the State declared
herself out of the Union, to resign and turn the
vessel over to him, Lieutenant Underwood; but instead
of doing so he visited Fort Sumter before
took possession of it, and examined it for several hours,
and finally placed the cutter in such a position as to leave
her at low-water high and dry on land. While she was
thus situated the secessionists took possession of her, Captain
Coste being still in command, and Lieutenant Underwood,
being his subordinate, was of course powerless to
act. Captain Coste then informed Lieutenant Underwood
that his services would not be required there any longer,
and he proceeded immediately to Washington, and reported
the above facts to Secretary Thomas.
A dispatch from Charleston states that returns from
Georgia indicate that the State has gone largely for secession.
Pulaski and Jackson have positively been occupied
by the Georgia State troops, under the Governor's instructions,
and it is said that but for this the fortresses would
have been taken by an uprising of the people.
Senator Toombs received a dispatch on 3d from Governor
Brown, of Georgia, stating that he had ordered the Georgia troops to occupy
Fort Pulaski, to prevent the Federal
troops from taking it until the meeting of their Convention.
Neither Fort Jackson nor the arsenal had been taken,
and the Governor gave no intimation that he intended to
take them. The Governor issued the order to occupy Fort
Pulaski for the reason that he had learned that the Administration
had given orders to reinforce all the forts in
the South. Other forts have undoubtedly been taken for
the same reason. The President, it is understood, did issue
such an order, but it was afterward revoked. The
President also received a dispatch announcing the occupation
of Fort Pulaski by the Georgia troops.
A telegram from
Mobile announces the seizure of the
United States Arsenal at that place, in which were stored
fifteen hundred barrels of powder, three hundred thousand
rounds of musket cartridges, and other munitions of war,
but only six stand of arms. It was also rumored that Fort
Morgan had been taken possession of.
A dispatch, dated Worthington, January 8, says: "Intelligence
was received last night that Fort Sumter is now
besieged; that all Major Anderson's communications are
cut off; that Fort Moultrie has been completely repaired,
and the guns remounted, and every thing is in readiness
to open a fire on
Major Anderson. New batteries are being
erected around him by the secessionists, and every
day his danger and the difficulties of reinforcing him are
increased. His frequent applications for reinforcements,
and even the tears and prayers of his wife having failed
to move the President, he has determined never again to
renew his request, but will perish, if he must, in the fort.
His men have bound themselves by an oath to stand and
perish with him. It is beyond a doubt that a combination is forming to
take forcible possession of the government at Washington
on or before the 4th of March, but the precise time is not
" The above is from sources which leave no doubt of its
Wilmington (North Carolina) Herald says : "After
Major Anderson removed to
sent Colonel Pettigrew and Major Capers down to him with
a dispatch. The Courier says his reply had not transpired,
but we learn that a gentleman who arrived here
Charleston says that
Major Anderson received
the above-named gentlemen courteously, and stated
to them that he had acted upon his own responsibility, and
for security; that he deprecated the necessity for it, and
hoped no attack would be made upon him ; that he should
hate to turn his guns upon his countrymen; but unless
commanded by the Government of the United States, he
would never surrender the post while he lived; and that
if an attack was made, upon him, he hoped the first shot
fired at the fort would pierce his heart. It is said he has
one year's provisions in the fort, and over 200 men."
The Senate Committee, as above-mentioned, reported a
failure to agree upon a Compromise on Monday. The
House Committee, on 28th, voted down the project to restore
Missouri Compromise. They passed resolutions
in favor of an enabling Act for New Mexico, at the instance
of Mr. Adams, of Massachusetts. They have done nothing
else of moment. A new Committee composed of members
from the border States is in session.
On 30th Secretary Floyd resigned his position as the
head of the War Department. lie says that the movement
of Major Anderson in evacuating Fort Moultrie and
occupying Fort Sumter was directly contrary to the spirit
of assurances which had been given by Secretary Floyd to
the authorities of South Carolina, that no change should be
made in the disposition of the Government forces in the
Charleston harbor, until the State Commissioners
could arrive in Washington and have a hearing.
As soon as the action of
Major Anderson became known,
the Commissioners called upon Secretary Floyd for explanations.
Mr. Floyd disavowed the act, but the Commissioners
would not be satisfied with any thing short of the
withdrawal of the troops from Fort Sumter. This, it appears,
Secretary Floyd was willing to agree to, and he accordingly
asked the permission of the President to issue
the necessary order. The
Cabinet had a very long discussion
on the subject; but, finally, the weight of the Cabinet
being against complying with the demand of the Commissioners,
Secretary Floyd felt himself called upon to resign.
letter of resignation he says: "I then considered the honor of the Administration
pledged to maintain the troops in the position they occupied,
for such had been the assurances given to the gentlemen
of South Carolina who had a right to speak for her.
South Carolina, on the other hand, gave reciprocal pledges
that no force should be brought by them against the troops
or against the property of the United States. The sole object
of both parties in these reciprocal pledges was to prevent
a collision and the effusion of blood, in the hope that
some means might be found for a peaceful accommodation
of the existing troubles, the two Houses of Congress having
both raised Committees looking to that object. Thus
affairs stood until the action of Major Anderson, taken unfortunately
while the Commissioners were on their way to
this Capital on a peaceful mission looking to the avoidance
of bloodshed, has complicated matters in the existing manner.
Our refusal or even delay to place affairs back as
they stood under our agreement invites a collisions and
(Look here for
remainder of this story on Floyd's Resignation)