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many years. Now, you are
distinctly to under-stand that you are most positively prohibited from making
any inquiry- on this head, or any allusion or reference, however distant, to any
individual whomsoever as the individual in all the communications you may have
with me. If you have a suspicion in your own breast, keep that suspicion in your
own breast. It is not the least to the purpose what the reasons of this
prohibition are ; they may be the strongest and gravest reasons, or they may be
mere whim. That is not for you to inquire into. The condition is laid down. Your
acceptance of it, and your observance of it as binding, is the only remaining
condition that I am charged with, by the person from whom I take my
instructions, and for whom I am not otherwise responsible. That person is the
person from whom you derive your expectations, and the secret is solely held by
that person and by me. Again, not a very difficult condition with which to
encumber such a rise in fortune ; but if you have any objection to it, this is
the time to mention it. Speak out."
Once more I stammered with
difficulty that I had no objection.
" I should think not ! Now, Mr.
Pip, I have done with stipulations." Though he called me Mr. Pip, and began
rather to make up to me, he still could not get rid of a certain air of bullying
suspicion ; and even now he occasionally shut his eyes and threw his finger at
me while he spoke, as much as to express that he knew all kinds of things to my
disparagement, if he only chose to mention them. "We come next to mere details
of arrangement. You must know that, although I have used the term '
expectations' more than once, you are not endowed with expectations only. There
is already lodged in my hands a sum of money amply sufficient for your suitable
education and maintenance. You will please consider me your guardian. Oh !" for
I was going to thank him, " I tell you at once I am paid for my services, or I
shouldn't render them. It is considered that you must be better educated in
accordance with your altered position, and that you will be alive to the
importance and necessity of at once entering on that advantage."
I said I had always longed for
" Never mind what you have always
longed for, Mr. Pip, " he retorted ; " keep to the record. If you long for it
now, that's enough. Am I answered that you are ready to be placed at once under
some proper tutor ? Is that it ?"
I stammered, yes, that was it.
"Good. ' Now your inclinations
are to be consulted. I don't think that wise, mind, but it's my trust. Have you
ever heard of any tutor whom you would prefer to another ?"
I had never heard of any tutor
but Biddy and Mr. Wopsle's great-aunt ; so I replied in the negative.
"There is a certain tutor, of
whom I have some knowledge, who I think might suit the purpose," said Mr.
Joggers. "I don't recommend him, observe ; because I never recommend any body.
The gentleman I speak of is one Mr. Matthew Pocket."
Ah ! I caught at the name
directly. Miss Havisltam's relation. The Matthew whom Mr. and Mrs. Camilla had
spoken of. The Matthew whose place was to be at Miss Havisham's head when. she
lay dead in her bride's dress on the bride's table.
" You know the name ?" said Mr.
Joggers, looking shrewdly it me and then shutting up his eyes while he waited
for my answer.
My answer was, that I had heard
of the name.
" Oh!" said he. "You have heard
of the name. But the question is, what do you say of it ?"
I said, or tried to say, that I
was much obliged to him for his recommendation-
" my young friend!" he
interrupted, shaking his great head very slowly. "Recollect yourself!"
Not recollecting myself, I began
again that I was much obliged to him for his recommendation-
" No, my young friend," he
interrupted, shaking his head and frowning and smiling both at once ; " no, no,
no ; it's very well done, but it won't do ; you are too young to fix me with it.
Recommendation is not the word, Mr. Pip. Try another."
Correcting myself, I said that I
was much obliged to him for his mention of Mr. Matthew Pocket
" That's more like it !" cried
Mr. Jaggers. —And (I added) I would gladly try that gentleman.
" Good. You had better try him in
his own house. The way shall be prepared for you, and you can see his son first,
who is in London. When will you come to London?"
I said (glancing at Joe, who
stood looking on motionless), that I supposed I could come directly.
"First," said Mr. Jaggers, "you
should have some new clothes to come in, and they should not be working clothes.
Say this day week. You'll want some money. Shall I leave you twenty guineas ?"
He produced a long purse, with
the greatest coolness, and counted them out on the table and pushed them over to
me. This was the first time he had taken his leg from the chair. He sat astride
of the chair when he had pushed the money over, and sat swinging his purse and
" Well, Joseph Gargery ? You look
I am !" said Joe, in a very
decided manner. "It was understood that you wanted nothing for yourself,
"It were understood," said Joe.
"And it are understood. And it ever will be similar ac-cording."
" But what," said Mr. Jaggers,
purse, " what if it was in my
instructions to make you a present, as compensation ?"
" As compensation what for ?" Joe
demanded. " For the loss of his services."
Joe laid his hand upon my
shoulder with the touch of a woman. I have often thought him since like the
steam-hammer, that can crush a man or pat an egg-shell, in his combination of
strength with gentleness. "Pip is that hearty welcome," said Joe, " to go free
with his services to honor and fortun', as no words can tell him. But if you
think as Money can make compensation to me for the loss of the little child—what
come to the forge—and ever the best of friends !" 0 dear, good Joe, whom I was
so ready to leave and so unthankful to, I see you again, with your muscular
blacksmith's arm be-fore your eyes, and your broad chest heaving, and your voice
dying away. 0 dear good faithful tender Joe, I feel the loving tremble of your
hand upon my arm as solemnly this day as if it had been the rustle of an angel's
But I encouraged Joe at the time.
I was lost in the mazes of my future fortunes, and could not retrace the
by-paths we had trodden together. I begged Joe to be comforted, for (as he said)
we had ever been the best of friends, and (as I said) we ever would be so. Joe
scooped his eyes with his disengaged wrist, as if he were bent on gouging
himself, but said not another word.
Mr. Jaggers had looked on at this
as one who recognized in Joe the village idiot, and in me his keeper. When it
was over, he said, weighing in his hand the purse he had ceased to swing,
Now, Joseph Gargery, I warn you
this is your last chance. No half measures with me. If you mean to take a
present that I have it in charge to make you, speak out, and you shall have it.
If, on the contrary, you mean to say—" Here, to his great amazement, he was
stopped by Joe's suddenly working round him with every demonstration of a fell
" Which I meantersay," cried Joe,
"that if you come into my place bull-baiting and badgering me, come out ! Which
I meantersay as such if you're a man, come on ! Which I meantersay
that what I say I meantersay, and
stand or fall by !"
I drew Joe away, and he
immediately became placable ; merely stating to me, in an obliging manner, and
as a polite expostulatory notice to any one whom it might concern, that he were
not a-going to be bull-baited and badgered in his own place. Mr. Jaggers had
risen when Joe demonstrated, and had backed to near the door. Without evincing
any inclination to come in again, he there delivered his valedictory re-marks.
They were these :
" Well, Mr. Pip, I think the
sooner you leave here—as you are to be a gentleman—the better. Let it stand for
this day week, and you shall receive my printed address in the mean time. You
can take a hackney-coach at the stage-coach office in London, and come straight
to me. Understand that I express no opinion, one way or other, on the trust I
undertake. I am paid for undertaking it, and I do so. Now, understand that,
finally. Understand that !"
He was throwing his finger at
both of us, and I think would have gone on, but for his seeming to think Joe
dangerous, and going off.
Something came into my head which
induced me to run after him, as he was going down to the Jolly Bargemen where he
had left a hired carriage.
" I beg your pardon, Mr. Jaggers."
"Halloa!" said he, facing round, " what's the matter ?"
"I wish to be quite right, Mr.
Jaggers, and to keep to your directions ; so I thought I had better ask. Would
there be any objection to my taking leave of any one I know about here before I
go away ?"
" No," said he, looking as if he
hardly under-stood me.
"I don't mean in the village
only, but up town."
" No," said he. "No objection."
I thanked him and ran home again,
and there I found that Joe had already locked the front door, and vacated the
state-parlor, and was seated by the kitchen fire with a hand on each knee,
gazing intently at the burning coals. I too sat down before the fire and gazed
at the coals, and nothing was said for a long time.
My sister was in her cushioned
chair in her corner, and Biddy sat at her needle-work before the fire, and Joe
sat next Biddy, and I sat next Joe in the corner opposite my sister. The more I
looked into the glowing coals the more in-capable I became of looking at Joe ;
the longer the silence lasted the more unable I felt to speak.
At length 'I got out, "Joe, have
you told Biddy ?"
"No, Pip," returned Joe, still
looking at the fire, and holding his knees tight, as if he had private
information that they intended to make off somewhere, "which I left it to
" I would rather you told, Joe."
" Pip's a gentleman of fortun',
then," said Joe, " and God bless him in it !"
Biddy dropped her work and looked
at me. Joe held his knees and looked at me. I looked at both of them. After a
pause they both heartily congratulated me ; but there was a certain touch of
sadness in their congratulations that I rather resented.
I took it upon myself to impress
Biddy (and through Biddy, Joe) with the grave obligation I considered my friends
under, to know nothing and say nothing about the maker of my fortune. It would
all come out in good time, I observed, and in the mean while nothing was to be
said save that I had come into great expectations from a mysterious patron.
Biddy nodded her head thoughtfully at the fire as she took up her work again,
and said she would be very particular ; and Joe, still detaining his knees,
"Ay, ay, I'll be ekervally
partickler, Pip ;" and then they congratulated me again, and went on to express
so much wonder at the notion of my being a gentleman that I didn't half like it.
Infinite pains were then taken by
Biddy to convey to my sister some idea of what had happened. To the best of my
belief those efforts entirely failed. She laughed and nodded her head a great
many times, and even repeated after Biddy the words " Pip" and " Property." But
I doubt if they had more meaning in them than an election cry, and I can hot
suggest a darker picture of her state of mind.
I never could have believed it
without experience, but as Joe and Biddy became more at their cheerful ease
again I became quite gloomy. Dissatisfied with my fortune of course I could not
be ; but it is possible that I may have been, without quite knowing it,
dissatisfied with my-self.
Any how, I sat with my elbow on
my knee and my face upon my hand, looking into the fire, as those two talked
about my going away, and about what they should do without me, and all that. And
whenever I caught one of them looking at me, though never so pleasantly (and
they often looked at me—particularly Biddy), I felt in a manner offended : as if
they were ex-pressing some mistrust of me. Though Heaven knows they never did by
word or sign.
At those times I would get up and
look out at the door ; for our kitchen door opened at once upon the night, and
stood open on summer evenings to air the room. The very stars to which I then
raised my eyes, I am afraid I took to be but poor and humble stars for
glittering on the rustic objects among which I had passed my life.
" Saturday night," said I, when
we sat at our supper of bread-and-cheese and beer. "Five more days, and then the
day before the day ! They'll soon go."
" Yes, Pip," observed Joe, whose
voice sounded hollow in his beer mug. " They'll soon go." " Soon, soon go," said
"I have been thinking, Joe, that
when I go down town on Monday, and order my new clothes, I shall tell the tailor
that I'll come and put them on there, or that I'll have them sent to Mr.
Pumblechook's. It would be very disagreeable to be stared at by all the people
" Mr. and Mrs. Hubble might like
to see you in your new figure too, Pip," said Joe, industriously cutting his
bread, with his cheese on it, in the palm of his left hand, and glancing at my
untasted supper as if he thought of the time when we used to compare slices. "
So might Wopsle. And the Jolly Bargemen might take it as a cornpliment."
" That's just what I don't want,
Joe. They would make such a business of it—such a coarse and common
business—that I couldn't bear my-self.''
" Ah, that indeed, Pip!" said
Joe. "If you couldn't abear yourself—"
Biddy asked me here, as she sat
holding my sister's plate, "Have you thought about when you'll show yourself to
Mr. Gargery, and your sister, and me ? You will show yourself to us, won't you?"
"Biddy," I returned, with some
resentment, " you are so exceedingly quick that it's difficult to keep up with
(" She always were quick,"
"If you had waited another
moment, Biddy, you would have heard me say that I shall bring my clothes here in
a bundle one evening—most likely on the evening before I go away."
Biddy said no more. Handsomely
forgiving her, I soon exchanged an affectionate good-night with her and Joe, and
went up to bed. When I got into my little room I sat down and took a long look
at it, as a mean little room that I should soon be parted from and raised above,
forever. It was furnished with fresh young remembrances too, and even at the
same moment I fell into much the same confused division of mind between it and
the better rooms to which I was going, as I had been in so often between the
forge and Miss Havisham's, and Biddy and Estella.
The sun had been shining brightly
all day on the roof of my attic, and the room was warm. As I put the window open
and stood looking out, I saw Joe come slowly forth at the dark door below, and
take a turn or two in the air; and then I saw Biddy come and bring him a pipe
and light it for him. He never smoked so late, and it seemed to hint to me that
he wanted comforting, for some reason or other.
He presently stood at the door
immediately beneath me, smoking his pipe, and Biddy stood there too, quietly
talking to him, and I knew that they talked of me, for I heard my name mentioned
in a loving tone by both of them more than once. I would not have listened for
more, if I could have heard more : so I drew away from the window, and sat down
in my one chair by the bedside, feeling it very sorrowful and strange that this
first night of my bright fortunes should be the loneliest I had ever known.
Looking toward the window, I saw
light wreaths from Joe's pipe floating there, and I fancied it was like a
blessing from Joe—not obtruded on me or paraded before me, but pervading the air
we shared together. I put my light out and crept into bed ; and it was an uneasy
bed now, and I never slept the old sound sleep in it any more.
ON Friday, 25th January, the
Senate was engaged on private bills.— In the House, the report of the Special
Committee of Thirty-three again occupied attention. Messrs. Nelson of Tennessee,
and Leake of Virginia, making the principal speeches. The speech of Mr. Nelson
was a strong appeal in favor of the Union.
On Saturday, 26th, the Senate not
being in session, in the House leave was granted to Mr. Grow to introduce a
resolution instructing the Select Committee of Five to inquire as to the
existence of any secret organization in the District of Columbia, the object of
which is the seizure of the
Capitol and other Federal buildings, and whether any
officer of the city or of the Federal Government is a member thereof. The
resolution met with considerable opposition, but it finally passed under the
operation of the previous question. Mr. Thomas, of Tennessee, presented
resolutions passed by the Legislature of that State, in response to those
recently passed by the Legislature of New York. They assert that the people of
Tennessee will unite with the South to resist invasion at all hazards.
Consideration of the report by the Committee of Thirty three was then resumed,
and speeches were made by Messrs. Clark of Missouri, Gilmer of North Carolina,
and Alley of Massachusetts. Mr. Gilmer made a telling speech in favor of the
restoration of the
On Monday, 28th, in the Senate,
various petitions and memorials in reference to the national troubles were
Senator Iverson, of Georgia, then announced the
secession of his
State from the Union, and the consequent withdrawal of himself and his colleague
from the Senate. Senator Bigler presented the resolutions of the State of
Pennsylvania in reference to the crisis; after which a message was received from
the President, accompanying the resolutions of the State of Virginia.
Mason, in making a motion to print the Message, made a speech in reference to
the proposition of Virginia to act as a mediator between the North and the
South, in which he deprecated an aggressive policy on either side. He was
followed by Senator Hemphill, of Texas, who insisted upon the right of his State
to leave the Union, notwithstanding the peculiar circumstances under which it
was admitted.--In the House a crowd of petitions was presented relating to the
crisis. The Committee on the District of Columbia was instructed, on motion of
Mr. Hughes, of Maryland, to inquire into the expediency of retroceding a
portion of the District of Columbia to that State.
Mr. Stanton, of Ohio,
introduced a bill, which was subsequently passed, under a suspension of the
rules, more effectually to organize the militia of the District. The Committee
of Ways and Means was instructed to consider the expediency of repealing the
duty on sugar. The report of the Special Committee of Thirty-three was then
considered, and Mr. Pryor, of Virginia, made a lengthy speech in vindication of
the right of secession. At the conclusion of his remarks the rules were
suspended, on motion of Mr. Grow, of Pennsylvania, and the Kansas bill was
finally passed with the Senate amendment extending the laws of the United
States, not locally inapplicable, over the new State, and establishing a
judicial district. The Special Committee of five on the President's Message sent
in on the 7th inst., were granted leave to sit during the sessions of the house,
and to report from time to time such matters as they deem of sufficient
On Tuesday, 29th, in the Senate,
the Pacific Railroad Bill took another important step forward. All the
amendments proposed were acted upon, and the bill was reported complete. The
most important amendment proposed yesterday was one offered by Senator Gwin, of
California, to provide for a central route only, which was lost—25 to 22.
Senator King, of New York, introduced a bill authorizing the Government to
employ volunteers, and Senator Wilson, of Massachusetts, one for the better
organization of the militia of the District of Columbia, which were referred to
the Military Committee.—The House was principally occupied in consideration of
the report of the Committee of Thirty-three, and speeches were made by Messrs.
Stevens of Pennsylvania, Harris of Maryland, Winslow of North Carolina, and Van
Wyck of New York.
On Wednesday, 30th, in the
Senate, the Pacific Railroad bill was read a third time, and passed by a vote
of 34 against 14. A number of petitions and memorials relating to the national
troubles were presented. The hill to provide for a temporary Government for the
Territory of Jefferson was taken up, and occupied attention until the
adjournment. A motion to change the name to Idaho was adopted.—In the House, the
Speaker presented a communication from
Mr. Cobb, of Alabama, announcing the
passage of the
Secession Ordinance in his State.
Mr. Cobb did not leave at the
same time with his colleagues a few days since, but preferred to wait until he
received a certified copy of the
Ordinance of Secession.
He was present in the
House yesterday, and made a farewell speech, in which he appealed to the
Republicans to do something to reunite the States. After some further
proceedings, consideration of the report of the Special Committee of
Thirty-three was resumed, and speeches were made by Messrs. Conkling of New
York, Stevenson of Kentucky, Howard of Ohio, and Morris of Pennsylvania. In the
midst of Mr. Conkling's remarks a message was received from the President,
announcing that he had signed the bill for the admission of Kansas. Mr. Martin
F. Conway, the Representative from the new State, subsequently made his
appearance, presented his credentials, and took the oath of allegiance.
On Thursday, 31st, in the Senate,
Senator Seward gave another expression to his views in regard to the condition
of the country, on the occasion of the presentation by him to the Senate of the
monster petition from the citizens of New York, praying for some adjustment of
the present difficulties. The petition is signed by 63,000 persons, and would,
Senator Seward stated, reach three times across the Senate Chamber. His remarks
were of a conciliatory character. Senator Seward was followed by Senator Mason,
in a speech in which he accused the former of advocating coercion. Senator
Seward responded, and a some-what lengthy colloquy ensued between the gentlemen.
Douglas, Hale, Wigfall, and others followed.—In the House a bill was
presented by Mr. Morehead, of Pennsylvania, to prevent the counterfeiting of
private stamps, labels, etc. The Judiciary Committee was instructed to inquire
whether Mr. Conway, of Kansas, has been legally elected to Congress. The
Senate's amendments to the Deficiency Bill were considered in Committee of the
Whole. The one appropriating $300,000 for the establishment of a Naval coaling
station at Chiriqui was debated for some time, but no vote was taken, the
subject being referred to allow Mr. Adams, of Massachusetts, to make a speech on
the report of the Committee of Thirty-three.
THE COMMERCIAL STATUS OF SECEDING
Lord Lyons and other foreign ministers at
Washington having written to
the State Department to inquire whether duties can be paid to and clearances
issued by the Government of South Carolina, Mr. Black, on the 30th inst.,
replied to Lord Lyons, and sent a copy of his letter to Messrs. Schleiden and
Tassara . He said he laid lord Lyons's communication before the President, who
would deeply regret that any injury should happen to the commerce of foreign or
friendly nations, and especially that the British subjects at
stiffer by the anomalous state of things existing there. Secretary Black quotes
from the law to show that the jurisdiction of the Federal Government to impose
duties on goods imported into the United States and collect the duties is
exclusive. Whether the state of things now existing at Charleston will or will
not he regarded as a sufficient reason for not executing the penalties incurred
by the British subjects, is a question Lord Lyons will see no necessity for
raising until it practically arises. Each case will no doubt have its
peculiarities. Secretary Black regrets that this consideration compels him to
decline giving any assurances on the point presented. The
he says, will give public information as to the condition in which South
Carolina has put the coast.
CAN A SECEDING MEMBER USE, THE
Mr. Ashmore, member of Congress
from South Carolina, has addressed a letter to Acting Postmaster General King,
asking if he has the right to exercise the franking privilege, as he has some
ten or twelve hundred documents upon which he does not feel willing to pay
postage, and which documents would be useless unless he can frank them.
Postmaster King replied that
according to the theory of the administration South Carolina was still in the
Union, and hence he has a right. to frank until the first Monday in December
next. If, however, regards South Carolina as out of the Union, it is a question
with himself whether he can consistently exercise that privilege, the use of
which would be an admission that he, does not in his conscience consider that
she is out of the Union, and that he is still a member of the Congress of the