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may leave to the good sense of intelligent people what has been hitherto
enforced by law. It assumes, for instance, that the freedom of the press or of
speech will not be abused to the detriment of the common weal; and that men of
sense will see that the friends of a cause may do as much harm to it by
indiscretion as its enemies by direct and open attack.
But while this is true of the free expression of opinion, the public safety
requires that no useful information shall be communicated to the enemy, and that
all direct appeals to force which aid and comfort treason shall be stopped, and
they should be stopped in the manner which seems to be most effectual. This has
been done in St. Louis, and should be done every where that the necessity
With the epigrammatic terseness which is peculiar to his style the President
asks in his Message the very question of questions which we in this country are
engaged in answering : "Must a government, of necessity, be too strong for the
liberties of its own people, or too weak to maintain its own existence ?"
It will be proved too weak if the citizens, when war is upon them, disregard the
first principles of success.
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
MRS. ROCHEFOUCAULD'S MAXIMS.
ROCHEFOUCAULD would like to know why her maxims should not be read as well as
those of her old lord and master. All women are not weak-minded ; quite the
Mrs. R. is quite
convinced that the gallantry of Mr. Punch will induce him to do her justice, by
opening his brilliant columns to a few of her good things.
The following are
by no means her best:
We can all bear
with resignation a rent in the dress of our very dearest friend.
indeed, be often ashamed of the noble devotion and self-sacrifice with which we
give ourselves away, were it always possible for the happy man to know why we
pass into the temple of Hymen.
We are really not
answerable for our defects, and they are to be pardoned; but when we see a
friend endeavoring, by base arts, to hide the maladresses of nature, we are
justified in proclaiming the attempted deceit to the world.
We are jealous of
men whom we love; and of women whom we hate.
ear-rings are to women what stars and garters are to men. Women are vain of
their persons; men of their actions. Yet the men cry "Poor weak woman!"
It is difficult
to announce the birth of love to another; but how much more difficult to declare
that he is dead! It requires the most consummate tact to hate politely. Our
laziness often keeps us in the path of duty where our parents dropped us. But if
the world will cry "Bravo!" why should we say "Hush!"
we praise any body, if we search our motives we shall find that we are returning
them only a very small percentage of the admiration they have expressed for
ourselves. If a friend praises our dress and carriage, we handsomely find that
her gloves are not quite so ill-fitting as they usually are.
despised than ridiculed. Very great criminals have had exquisite taste in dress.
THE BUTCHER'S BLOCK.— Prosperity, they say, is much more trying than
Adversity. As with Man, so it is with Meat. In adverse weather, it will keep
sweet for a long time; but only let there be a long succession of sunshine, and
see how quickly it goes to the bad!
A PERPETUAL MOTION
(Until one of the Parties dies).
the Returns of all the Birth-days of a Lady who positively declares she is not a
day older than thirty-two.
CLEAR AS MUD.—The
Abbe Cruice has lately been preferred to the See of Marseilles. This
ecclesiastic, according to the Courrier de Marseille, " is of Irish descent, and
the author of several esteemed works, remarkable for the qualities of their
style and the clearness of their ideas." The clearness of the ideas contained in
the works of Bishop Cruice is perhaps the strongest possible evidence, next to
an authenticated pedigree, of his Irish descent.
Never look at the
girls. They can't bear it ; they regard it as an insult. They wear their
feathers, furbelows, and frills merely to gratify their mammas—that's all.
A theological student, supposed to be deficient in judgment, in the course of a
class examination was asked by a professor, "Pray, Mr. E-, how would you
fool?" "By the question he would ask," said Mr. E—.
"Jim, how does
the thermometer stand to-day?"
" Ours stands on
the mantle-piece, right agin the plastering."
"Hallo!" said a farmer to a rustic who was crossing a turnip-field, " did you
not read the board at the gate?" " Yes," was the reply; " you are not to
trespass, which makes me wonder to see you here."
"The other day,
at the Central Criminal Court, a prisoner was upon his trial, and at the
conclusion of it he was told that the jury had found him guilty. "Exactly,"
replied the culprit ; " that's just my conviction."
An English lady,
who went to make purchases in Jamaica, accompanied by her black maid, was
repeatedly addressed by the negro shopman as "massa;" whereupon her sable
follower exclaimed, with a look of infinite contempt, "Why for you speak such
bad English—no grammar, sabby? Why for you call my missus massa? Stupid fellah—him's
three-year-old boy, already set apart for a lawyer's calling, being taken in
hand with a switch after having been forbidden to pick another pear from a
favorite dwarf tree, indignantly exclaimed, "Mamma, I did not pick off the pear
; you come see if I did." Sure enough he didn't. He simply stood there and ate
it, and the core was still dangling from the stem!
"Mr. Dentist, do
you see that decayed tooth?" "Yes, Sir." "Well, I want you to pull it, provided
it don't hurt too much." "Yes, Sir?" " Well, now put on the tweezers; if it
hurts bad I'll sing out, and you'll hold on, won't you ?" " Yes, Sir?" (Dentist
takes hold with his instrument.) "H-o-l-d on! You've not only pulled the tooth,
but half of my jaw-bone. Why didn't you let go when I sung out ?" "Because you
told me to hold on!"
"What is the
meaning of lost in French?" said a cabdrivrr to a foreign gentleman. "Perdu,"
answered the gentleman. " Well, then, your trunk is perdu," said the cab-driver.
Those who lack a
good natural character may be sure they can not long sustain, without detection,
an artificial one.
after having been frightfully crammed at an aldermanic feed, being asked to be
helped again, replied, " No, thank you, I don't want any more: but I will take
the rest in money, if you please."
TO GET A DUCK FOR DINNER. —Jump into the river.
Sweet Amy ask'd, with pleading eyes, "Dear Charley, teach me, will you, The
words I've heard your captain say-I should so like to drill you!"
"What! little one, you take command! Well, Amy, I'm quite willing:
In such a company as yours
I can't have too much drilling.
" Stand over there, and sing out clear, Like this, ' Squad—Stand at ease.'" "Oh,
Charles, you'll wake papa up stairs, Don't shout like that, dear, please."
"I stand at ease, like this, you see! And then I need scarce mention, The next
command you have to give Is this one, 'Squad—Attention!'
"Now, Amy, smartly, after me
(You're sure, dear, it don't bore you?), Forward—Quick March—Halt—Front—Right
Dress—There, now, I'm close before you.
"Present arms—Well, it does look odd, You don't believe I'd trifle;
We hold our arms out just like this, In drill without the rifle.
"Now say, ' Salute your officer.'"
"Oh, Charles, for shame, how can you? I thought that you were at some trick, You
horrid cheating man, you."
Charles "order'd arms ;" without command She smoothe'd her rumpled hair,
And pouted, frown'd, and blush'd, and then Said softly—" As you were!"
ON Tuesday, 30th July, in the Senate, the resolution approving of the acts of
the President was taken up, and postponed. The Tariff Bill was passed by a vote
of 22 to 19. A message was received from the House asking a committee of
conference, which was granted. The bill to suppress insurrection was taken up,
and postponed after discussion. On the announcement that the House had passed
the Tax Bill, the Senate took it up, and referred it to the Committee on
Finance. A long debate took place on a report from the Conference Committee with
regard to the construction of steel-clad war vessels. During the discussion the
Senate found itself without a quorum, and adjourned.-In the House, the Military
Committee reported the bill adding to the West Point cadets a number equal to
that of the Senators in Congress, giving the President power to fill the
vacancies caused by the rebellion in the
Southern States, and requiring all
cadets to take the oath of allegiance; passed. The bill for making a temporary
addition to the number of pupils in the
Naval Academy was also passed; likewise
a bill authorizing the construction by the Navy Department of twelve small
side-wheel steamers, and appropriating twelve hundred thousand dollars therefor.
The House also passed the bill prohibiting the sale of intoxicating drinks to
soldiers in the
District of Columbia, and that for the punishment of frauds on
the part of government contractors. A report from the Select Committee appointed
to ascertain the number and names of persons in Government employ known to be
inimical to the Union cause and in league with the traitors, states that the
action of the House in instituting this examination with regard to the personnel
of the Departments is fully justified by the facts. A bill to define and punish
unlawful communication with the enemies of the Union was introduced and
On Wednesday, 31st July, in the Senate, the bill in relation to the
superintendents of navy-yards was taken up, discussed at some length, and
passed. The bill supplementary to the act to increase the military establishment
was passed. A bill was introduced, and referred to the Committee on Commerce,
for the repeal of the fishing bounties. The bill to increase our consular
representatives abroad during the continuance of the rebellion was passed. The
report of the Committee of Conference on the bill providing for the construction
of steel-clad war vessels was considered. All the amendments of the House,
excepting the one in reference to uncompleted vessels, was agreed to, when a new
Conference Committee was appointed, and the subject laid over.-The House passed
Senate bill transferring the control over District Attorneys and Marshals
from the Secretary of the Interior to the Attorney-General; also a bill
providing for the monthly payment of the troops. A resolution was adopted
reprobating the retention in office of rebel sympathizers. A bill was introduced
to give bounty land warrants to the soldiers of the present war, and granting
homesteads to actual settlers.
On Thursday, August 1, in the Senate, a bill appropriating $100,000 for field
fortifications for the defense of the capital was passed. The bill also
prohibits flogging in the army. The bill to promote the efficiency of the
volunteer forces was also passed; likewise a bill reducing consular fees on
vessels running to or between foreign ports. A bill for the organization of the
volunteer militia was reported, and its consideration postponed till the first
Monday in December. Notice was given of a bill declaring unconstitutional the
act retroceding a portion of the District of Columbia to Virginia. The bill to
punish fraud on the part of officers making contracts for the Government, which
was returned from the House with amendments, was taken up and passed. The report
of the Conference Committee on the bill for the better organization of the army
was adopted, and the bill passed. The bill providing for the suppression of
insurrection was taken up, and a spirited discussion followed. A motion to
postpone the subject till December was defeated by a vote of 16 against 28. The
Conference Committee on the Supplemental Loan bill made a report, which was
adopted, and the bill passed. After an executive session the Senate
adjourned.-In the House a bill was passed authorizing enlistment in the navy for the war. The bill appropriating $100,000 for
field fortifications for the defense of the capital was passed. Mr. Stevens,
from the Committee of Conference on the Supplemental Loan bill, made a report
explaining that the disagreements of the two Houses had been compromised. The
report was adopted by 83 against 34. The Senate bill appropriating $10,000,000
for the purchase and manufacture of arms, ordnance, and ordnance stores was
passed. A bill enabling the Secretary of the Treasury to charter and purchase
additional vessels for the revenue service was passed. An appropriation of
$300,000 for ordnance for the navy was agreed to. The question as to who is
responsible for the advance of the army in Virginia, and the disaster at
Run, was brought up by Mr. Blair. Mr. Richardson made some explanations
respecting the remarks of
General Scott on the subject of the battle. He (Mr.
Richardson) did not understand General Scott as implying that the President
forced him to fight the battle.
On Friday, August
2, in the Senate, the bill authorizing the charter or purchase of additional
vessels for the revenue marine was passed; also the bill authorizing the
construction of twelve small side-wheel war steamers. A bill repealing the act
retroceding Alexandria to Virginia was referred to the Judiciary Committee. The
joint resolution approving the acts of the President in suppressing the
rebellion was taken up, briefly discussed, and laid aside in order to take up
the report of the Conference Committee on the disagreeing votes upon the Tariff
and Direct Tax bills, which was adopted by a vote of 34 to 8. A number of
appropriations were agreed to, including $20,000,000 for organizing volunteers,
and $30,000 for naval night signals. —In the House, a joint resolution was
adopted thanking the soldiers of the republic for their loyalty and devotion.
The Judiciary Committee reported a substitute for the Senate bill to confiscate
properly used for insurrectionary purposes, which was rejected. Mr. Bingham, of
Ohio, offered an amendment which was finally rejected. Further discussion
ensued, and on motion of Mr. Pendleton, of Ohio, the bill was recommitted, by a
vote of 69 against 48. The chairman of the Conference Committee on the
disagreeing votes of the two Houses on the Tariff and Direct Tax bills
made a report,
which was adopted by a vote of 89 against 39. A bill punishing with fine and
imprisonment persons guilty of enlisting men for service against the United
States was passed.
August 3, in the Senate, a memorial from the Maryland Legislature, relative to
the arrest of
Ross Winans by the United States military authorities, was ordered
to be printed. The Military Committee reported the bill requiring monthly
payments of the troops, with a recommendation that it do not pass, which was
agreed to; and a resolution was adopted recommending the Secretary of War to pay
the volunteers monthly whenever practicable. The bill supplementary to the act
to protect commerce and punish piracy was passed.-In the House, the Military
Committee reported back the Senate bill to promote the efficiency of the
volunteer forces, by authorizing the President to discharge from the service any
commissioned volunteer officer for incapacity, inefficiency, misconduct, or
neglect of duty. The committee reported a substitute, applying the principles of
the bill to the officers of the regular army, as well as to those of the
volunteers, the dismissals to take place with the instituting of a board of
inquiry or a court-martial. The substitute was rejected, and the original bill
laid on the table. The Judiciary Committee reported back the Senate bill
confiscating property used for insurrectionary purposes, with an amendment in
effect confiscating all
slaves employed in the military or naval service of the
rebels, and the bill, as amended, passed by a vote of 60 against 48. The
President communicated to the House a dispatch from Hon. Alfred Ely, a member
from New York, stating that he was a prisoner in the hands of the rebels at
Richmond. A call was made for information with reference to the charges against
Mr. Harvey, our Minister to Portugal, who is accused of holding correspondence
with the enemy.
BEGINNING OF THE
General McClellan has issued his two first orders as Commander
Army of the Potomac. Order number one announces the appointment of his
staff, and they comprise a body of excellent and efficient officers. Order
number two embodies the first step toward reorganizing the army. It commands the
instant return to their several camps of the officers and soldiers scattered
Washington at hotels and boarding-houses, reminding them that duty
requires their presence at the head-quarters of their regiments, to restore
order and discipline among the men. Colonel Porter is appointed Provost Marshal
to carry out this order, and he has already begun his work by closing up the
liquor saloons in the capital, around which much drunkenness and riotous conduct
has existed for some days past.
The people will
not be disappointed in the new Commander of the Department of the West. Within a
week General Fremont organized and sent from
St. Louis to
Cairo a fleet of eight
steamers, four regiments of infantry, two companies of artillery, and several
detached companies of infantry. This is something like work.
WISE DRIVEN OUT
OF THE KANAWHA VALLEY.
An official dispatch received at the War Department last
week from Brigadier-General Rosencrans states that General Cox, with his Union
troops, who was following Wise, reached Gawley Bridge on Monday the 29th ult.,
where the Gawley and New rivers conjoin to form the Kanawha, and that Governor
Wise fled before them without showing fight, leaving 1000
muskets and several
kegs of powder in the hands of General Cox's troops. Wise destroyed the bridge
behind him to prevent pursuit. It was said that Governor Wise's soldiers were
deserting him in large numbers, in consequence of the destruction of property
which he permitted on his march. General Rosencranz says that the Kanawha valley
is now entirely free from rebels.
OUR NEW GENERALS.
A number of the
new military appointments are understood to have been confirmed by the
Senate—among them those of Major-Generals Fremont, M'Clellan, Dix, and
and Brigadier-Generals Hooker, Curtis,
Sherman, Lauder, Kelly,
Porter, Stone, Reynolds,
Hunter, Franklin, Rosencrans,
McDowell, and Meigs.
WEEDING OUT UNFIT OFFICERS.
of a Military Board of examination into the qualifications of officers is
beginning already to operate with good effect. Several resignations of officers
in volunteer regiments have been tendered, the recipients of commissions not
feeling themselves equal to the test of such a rigid examination as they will be
compelled to undergo by the Military Board. By an order just issued from the War
Department all officers are required to report themselves for examination, and
those who do not so report will be considered as having vacated their positions,
and the vacancies will be filled at once by the Department.
COMMUNICATIONS WITH THE ENEMY.
who were dispatched with a flag of truce to the rebel army at Fairfax by the
Secretary of War, to request the delivery of his brother's body (Colonel
Cameron, of the
Seventy-ninth Highland regiment) have returned to Washington
without effecting the object of their mission. They report that every kindness
and courtesy were shown them by Colonel Stewart, the officer in command at
Fairfax Court House, but their communication having been addressed, not to any
particular individual, but to "whom it may concern," they were unable to obtain
the remains of Colonel Cameron.
HOW THE REBELS GET SUPPLIES.
An order of
General Beauregard addressed to Colonel Rust, military commandant of the rebel
district of Loudon County, Virginia, in which the General asks for supplies of
corn, wagons, and teams for the use of the army, has been published. He
expresses the hope that no difficulty will be found in complying with this
demand, and that all classes of citizens will contribute their quota; but hints,
very significantly, that, if necessary, constraint must be employed with all
such people as are forgetful of their obligations to that army which "has
gloriously maintained the independence and sovereignty of Virginia, and has
driven back, in ignominious flight, the invaders of her soil."
WHO COMPOSE THE REBEL ARMY.
True Delta incidentally asserts that "three-fourths of the gallant men from this
city and State who have abandoned family and home, and all that is dear to man,
to march to the battle-field in defense of Southern rights and Southern honor,
NO MORE LIQUOR AT
General Butler is so much in earnest in his zeal for the
promotion of temperance and discipline in the forces under his command that he
not only staves the whisky barrels and drives the grog-selling sutlers out of
camp, but he insists upon his officers pledging themselves not to touch the
pernicious cup, and, by way of example, banishes it from his own quarters. The
demoralizing effects of free drinking upon his soldiers have admonished him that
he must take measures accordingly; and we congratulate the General that he has
gone the right way about it. We trust his example may be imitated by other
WHAT IS TO BE
DONE WITH FUGITIVE
General Butler, in the course of a letter to Secretary
Cameron on the subject of the " contraband" at Fortress Monroe, asks: "Are these
men, women, and children slaves? Are they free? Is their condition that of men,
women, and children, or of property, or is it a mixed relation? What their
status was under the Constitution and laws we all know. What has been the effect
of rebellion and a state of war upon that status? When I adopted the theory of
treating the able-bodied negro fit to work in the trenches as property liable to
be used in aid of rebellion, and so contraband of war, that condition of things
was in so far met, as I then and still believe, on a legal and constitutional
basis. But now a new series of questions arise. Passing by women, the children
certainly can not be treated on that basis ; if property, they must be
considered the incumbrance, rather than the auxiliary of an army, and, of
course, in no possible legal relation could be treated as contraband. Are they
property ? If they were so, they have been left by their masters and owners,
deserted, thrown away, abandoned, like the wrecked vessel upon
the ocean. Their
former possessors and owners have causelessly, traitorously, rebelliously, and,
to carry out the figure, practically abandoned them to be swallowed up by the
winter storm of starvation. If property, do they not become the property of the
salvors? but we, their salvors, do not need and will not hold such property, and
will assume no such ownership; has not, therefore, all proprietary relation
ceased? Have they not become thereupon men, women, and children? No longer under
ownership of any kind, the fearful relicts of fugitive masters, have they not,
by their masters' acts and the state of war, assumed the condition which we hold
to be the normal one of those made in God's image ? Is not every constitutional,
legal, and moral requirement, as well to the runaway master as their
relinquished slaves, thus answered ? I confess that my own mind is compelled by
this reasoning to look upon them as men and women. If not free-born, yet free,
manumitted, sent forth from the hand that held them never to be reclaimed.
" Of course if
this reasoning thus imperfectly set forth is correct, my duty as a humane man is
very plain. I should take the same care of these men, women, and children,
houeless, homeless, and unprovided for, as I would of the same number of men,
women, and children who, for their attachment to the Union, had been driven or
allowed to flee from the Confederate States.
GOVERNMENT MEAN TO HOLD SLAVES?
"I should have no doubt on this question, had I
not seen it stated, that an order had been issued by General M'Dowell in his
department, substantially forbidding all fugitive slaves from coming within his
lines, or being harbored there. Is that order to be enforced in all military
departments? If so, who are to be considered fugitive slaves? Is a slave to be
considered fugitive whose master runs away and leaves him? Is it forbidden to
the troops to aid or harbor within their lines the negro children who are found
therein; or is the soldier, when his march has destroyed their means of
subsistence, to allow them to starve because he has driven off the rebel master?
How shall the commander of regiment or battalion sit in judgment upon the
question, whether any given black man has fled from his master, or his master
fled from him? Indeed, how are the free-born to be distinguished? Is one any
more or less a fugitive slave because he has labored upon the rebel
intrenchments? If he has so labored, if I understand it, he is to be harbored.
By the reception of which are the rebels most to be distressed, by taking those
who have wrought all their rebel masters desired, masked their battery, or those
who have refused to labor and left the battery unmasked ?
"I have very
decided opinions upon the subject of this order. It does not become me to
criticise it, and I write in no spirit of criticism, but simply to explain the
full difficulties that surround the enforcing it. It the enforcement of that
order becomes the policy of the Government, I, as a soldier, shall be bound to
enforce it steadfastly, if not cheerfully. But if left to my own discretion, as
you may have gathered from my reasoning, I should take a widely different course
from that which it indicates.
"In a loyal State
I would put down a servile insurrection. In a State of rebellion I would
confiscate that which was used to oppose my arms, and take all that property
which constituted the wealth of that State and furnished the means by which the
war is prosecuted, beside being the cause of the war ; and if; in so doing, it
should be objected that human beings were brought to the free enjoyment of life,
liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, such objection might not require much
PRINCE NAPOLEON AT WASHINGTON.
Prince Napoleon arrived at
evening from Philadelphia, and repaired immediately to the house of the French
minister at Georgetown without attracting any extra attention.
He passed the
evening quietly at the house of the Minister, where he has decided to remain
while at Washington, having declined the polite offer of the President to lodge
at the White House.
On Saturday he
called on the President at twelve o'clock, and was duly presented by the
Secretary of State. The President received the Prince with marked courtesy, and
welcomed him to the country in a few simple but hearty words of compliment.
Without seeking, he said, to attach to this flattering visit of one so closely
allied to the French throne, at this solemn crisis of the country's history, an
undue importance, he could but feel that his presence at the capital was a
guarantee of the friendly interest and generous sympathy of the French
The Prince, it is
reported, listened with deep interest to the informal address of the President,
and replied with brevity and much feeling. He dined at the White House that
evening. As the Prince travels incognito, the dinner was quite en famille. There
were twenty-seven persons present. The party was composed of the President and
the Presidential family,
Mrs. Lincoln, Mrs. Grimsley, Mr. Edwards, Mr. R. T.
Lincoln, Mr. Mecoukey, and Messieurs Nicolay and Hay, the private secretaries of
was accompanied by Captain Coufils, commander of the steamer upon which the
imperial party came to New York; Lieutenant-Colonels Ferri, Pisan, and Ragon,
Aides-de-camp, and Mr. Maurice Sand. The other guests were
the British Minister; Monsieur Mercier, French Minister ; Monsieur de Geofroy,
Secretary of the French Legation; Mr. Banoche, attache; the Secretaries of
State, the Treasury, the Navy, the Interior, and the Postmaster-General;
Lieutenant-General Scott, Major-General M'Clellan, Senator Foot, President pro
tem. of the Senate ; Senator Sumner, Chairman of Senate Committee on Foreign
Relations, and Fred. W. Seward, Esq., Assistant Secretary of State.
The Secretary of
War was absent from the city, and the Attorney-General was kept away by illness.
Robert Toombs has
resigned his office of Secretary of State in the " Southern Confederacy," and R.
M. T. Hunter has been appointed to succeed him. The cause of Toombs's
resignation is his acceptance of a general's commission in the rebel army.
who was severely wounded at
Philippi, was presented with a splendid horse by
citizens of Wheeling, on the 31st ult., and the next day left to take his
position in the army in Western Virginia.
E. Bee, of South Carolina, who was killed in the rebel army at the
Bull Run, was thirty-five years of age, and has left a wife and one child. He
entered West Point in 1841, and when the rebellion broke out he was a first
lieutenant in the American army.
A young lady was
found In a company at Lafayette, Indiana, on the 29th ult., "enlisted for the
war;" but as the proclamation of the Governor called for abled-bodied "men," she
was invited to leave the ranks and return her regimentals to the Quarter-master.
General Fremont, in his orders to the commander of the Second Missouri Rifle
regiment, says he must have for captains "only such officers as have seen
service." Austin E. Smith, late Navy Agent of San Francisco, and son of "Extra
Billy Smith," ex-Governor of Virginia, arrived in New York on Friday by the
Northern Light, and was arrested by United States Marshal Murray, on the charge
of being a defaulter.
CHANGES IN THE CABINET,
A PRIVY council
was to be held in London on the 25th of July to arrange certain ministerial
changes. Lord Palmerston, it was said, would resume his old position in the
House of Commons as the exponent of the foreign policy of the British
STATE OF AFFAIRS.
At latest dates
Italy was still much infested by brigands, especially in the Neapolitan
provinces. The Pope, on the 23d of July, announced a short allocution in the
Consistory at Rome, in which he declared himself grateful for the continued
presence of the French troops, but deprecated the recognition of the Kingdom of
Italy by the Emperor Napoleon, which he characterized as a painful act.