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NEW YORK, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER
[SINGLE COPIES SIX CENTS.
$2 50 PER YEAR IN ADVANCE.
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the Year 1862, by Harper & Brothers, in
the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Southern District of New York.
MAJOR-GENERAL JOHN POPE,
the Army- of Virginia, whose portrait we give herewith, was born in Kentucky,
about the year 1822. He entered
the Military Academy at West Point from Illinois in 1838, and graduated in 1812
as Second Lieutenant of Topographical
Engineers. He was in the Mexican war, and at Monterey so distinguished himself
that he obtained his First Lieu-tenancy. Again at Buena Vista he won laurels and
the brevet rank of Captain. He was still a Captain when the rebellion broke out,
and was one of the officers appointed
by the War Department to escort
President Lincoln to Washington. He was loyal,
and was soon after the inauguration
appointed to a command in Missouri.
Bands of marauders were at that time overrunning the State, burning bridges,
robbing Union men, and firing into army trains. General Pope inaugurated
the plan of making each county responsible
for outbreaks occurring therein. An attack having subsequently been made by the
rebels on a body of Union men, General Pope assessed the damage at a given sum,
ordered the county to pay it on a day fixed, and, when the county of-fields
showed a disposition to trifle with hint, seized property and produce enough to
pay the amount required. He was subsequently
General Halleck to the command of Central Missouri, and effected
several important seizures of rebel
arms and supplies, which rendered it necessary for General Price
to fall back. When General Curtis was sent in pursuit of Price, General Pope was
dispatched to Commerce, Missouri, where he organized with remarkable dispatch a
compact army of about 12,000 men, and marched through the swamp to the rear of
New Madrid. He took the place by a brilliant dash, seizing a large quantity of
arms and munitions of war : then, conjointly with the mortar and gun-boat fleet,
laid siege to Island No. 10. The siege might have been indefinitely prolonged
but for "a
undertaken by General Pope. He cut a canal through the swamp and bayou, through
which a gun-boat and transports were sent to him from above. This enabled
him to cross the river, and to bag the entire rebel army at Island No. 10.
General Pope was subsequently ordered to reinforce General Halleck at Corinth.
His was the
first corps to enter the place after the evacuation, and he pursued the flying
force of Beauregard for forty miles, capturing
large stores of ammunition and
number of prisoners.
In May last General Pope was called from the West to Washington, and placed in
command of the Army of Virginia, which consisted of three
McDowell, Sigel, and
Banks. On assuming the command General Pope
issued the following stirring address to his army:
AND SOLDIERS OF THE ARMY
By special assignment of the President of the
United States I have assumed command of this
I have spent two weeks in learning your
whereabouts, your condition, and your wants;
in preparing you for active operations, and in
placing you in positions from which you can act promptly and to the
I have come to
you from the West, where we
have always seen the backs of our enemies, from
an army whose business it has been to seek the
adversary, and to beat him when found, whose
policy has been attack, and not defense.
In but one instance has the enemy been able
to place our Western armies in a defensive attitude.
I presume that I have been called here to
pursue the same system, and to lead you against the enemy.
is my purpose to do so, and that speedily.
I am sure you long for an opportunity to win
the distinction you are capable of achieving.
That opportunity I shall endeavor to give you.
Meantime, I desire you to dismiss from your
minds certain phrases which I am sorry to find
much in vogue among you.
I hear constantly of taking strong positions and holding them—of lines of
retreat and of bases, of supplies. Let us discard such ideas.
The strongest position a soldier should desire
to occupy is one from which he can most easily
advance against the enemy.
Let its study the probable lines of retreat of
and leave our own to take care of themselves.
Let us look before, and not
Success and glory are in the
Disaster and shame lurk in the
-Let no act on this
understanding, and it is safe to predict that your banners shall be in-scribed
with many a glorious deed, and that your names will be dear to your countrymen
forever. JOHN POPE
General Pope advanced without delays, concentrating his forces on the
Rappahannock, and located his head-quarters at Warrenton, Virginia. From this
point the army gradually advanced toward Richmond, the cavalry under the
direction of General Hatch actively scouting and making the country too hot for
spies or guerillas. On the 2d
of August the reconnoitring column crossed the Rapidan, pushed forward to Orange
Court House, took possession of the town, then in the possession of the rebel
cavalry under Robertson. Eleven of the rebels were killed and fifty-two taken
prisoners, among whom were a major, two captains, and two lieutenants. The Union
loss was but two killed and three wounded. The rebels left their wounded behind.
The railroad track and telegraph line between Orange Court House and
Gordonsville were destroyed. Another party shortly after destroyed Frederick
Hall Station and the railroad line for several miles between Richmond and
Gordonsville. On the 9th of August the famous battle of Cedar Mountain was
fought; by General
Banks's corps of General Pope's
army. The severity of the contest, and the bravery
with which it was fought, are still fresh in our readers'
minds. We need but allude to it. The rebels retreated under cover of the
darkness of the night of the 11th, and General Pope took possession of the
ground formerly held by them. General Pope followed up the battle by pursuing
the rebels across the Rapidan with his cavalry and a small infantry force,
occasionally engaging them. He next pushed on his whole army to the Rapidan, General Sigel's corps driving back
the rebels every time they attempted to cross that river.. The rebels, under
General Lee, in strong force, next began to move on General Pope in front, while
Jackson attempted to out-flank him. He, however, managed to de-feat their plans
for the time by organizing a fighting retreat, during
which General Sigel's corps acted
brilliantly. At last, however, Jackson succeeded in getting into his rear, and
Pope was surrounded. But he brilliantly released himself from the difficulty by
cutting his way through the rebels and forming a junction with
the Union troops in his rear.
During Pope's administration of
his new department he has made himself remark-able by the energy of his
movements and the determination evinced in his general orders. The rebels became
so furious with him that they denounced him by general order, in which they
declared that if he
or any of his officers were taken prisoners, they would be treated as
common felons. Instead of being cowed by such an announcement, it, only added
vigor to his al-ready vigorous
'We publish on page 581 three illustrations from the army of Virginia, sketched
by our special artist, Mr. Davenport. The following account of the skirmish at
Free-man's Ford, in which General Bohlen
lost his life, will be found interesting:
When the artillery attack on Sigel bad hulled
a little, the brave General determined to feel the
rebel strength opposite his position. Accordingly
he ordered General Carl Schurz to reconnoitre
with his division, and, if possible, to cross the
river. Schurz's division comprises two brigades,
of which he took only the first, General Bohlen,
for the reconnoissance. The Seventy-fourth Pennsylvania was sent over
first, the men wading
breast-deep through the water, bolding their
pieces and ammunition above 'their heads to keep them dry.
Schurz's crossing was unopposed. He kept
on up the opposite bank, and out upon the level ground, and went more
it mile before his pickets carne
face to face with the
enemy's. They had no choice but to
face about and attack Schurz in his own position, which they did in
The fight, on this trans-Rappahannock field
contested-as you may well imagine
from the fact that
it commenced at about 9
o'clock in the evening! But
up to 5 o'clock, when I passed that way, Sigel
bad not lost above 50 or
00 in killed and wound-ed.
But one brave man and true patriot
had gone to his
of Philadelphia, commanding the First Brigade,
Third Division, Sigel's Army Corps, had fallen
while at the head of his command ho was
waving his sword
and cheering on his men.
MAJOR-GENERAL JOHN POPE,
COMMANDING THE ARMY OF VIRGINIA
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