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page) our Government to be made
strongest? by putting down rebellion unconditionally, or by treating with armed
rebels? Grant that civil war is frightful; which is preferable, civil war or
anarchy ? Did England act unwisely or inhumanly when she expelled James Second
by the strong hand and established William Third. The knife is a sharp remedy,
but mortification of the limb is a worse evil.
Is it for the interest of "
property" as well as all other elements of national vigor and permanence that
the disease of treason shall be cut off the body of this country, or plastered
and oiled over? Men of wealth hope to leave it to those who follow them. Do they
wish to leave their children, also, a worse war than this?
The leaders of the rebellion, the
chief public men of the Slave States, have long openly avowed loyalty to their
States first, and then to the Confederation, as they have generally preferred to
call the Union. In the speech of
Mr. A. H. Stephens, the " Vice-President" of
the Confederate Slave States, delivered at Augusta upon his retirement from
Congress, and as he thought from public life, in June, 1859, he says : " As
matters now stand, so far as the sectional questions are concerned, I see no
cause of danger either to the Union or Southern security in it. The former has
always been with me, and ought to be with you, subordinate to the latter."
Mr. Stephens is now in armed
rebellion against the Government of the United States. His position now and his
principles then are plain enough. He frankly says that he acknowledges a
political allegiance paramount to that he owes the Government of his country. To
assert that allegiance he takes up arms against his country. Will Mr.
Crittenden, or any body else, explain what compromise is possible with such a
man? Yet Mr. Stephens was called a Union man, and a moderate, "conservative"
man, as late as November of last year.
Mr. Stephens undoubtedly
represents the position of most of the men in this rebellion who have any ideas
upon the subject, beyond the pleasing popular conviction that one Southern
"gentleman" can whip a dozen Northern mud-sills with his left little finger.
Suppose that Mr. Crittenden, supported by the "property" interest, succeeds in
compromising with Mr. Stephens. Will they insist as a preliminary that he shall
unconditionally recognize the Government, or will they allow that his allegiance
to the nation may be "subordinate" to his loyalty to Georgia? Where does the
compromise come in ?
It will not suffice that the
Government promises Mr. Stephens that there shall be no more discussion of
slavery. Whether slavery is or is not discussed, does Mr. Stephens propose to be
true to the Government? That is the question. Or is the compromise to consist of
his agreement to be faithful to the Government so long as nothing is said or
done about slavery ? And do capitalists think that such a compromise would
secure their property?
In a word, is the Government of
the United States to buy the allegiance of citizens by promising not to discuss
certain public questions ?
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
THE BONES OF WASHINGTON.
A YEAR ago, and by the maples
O'erhanging swift Potomac's
broadened wave, Bareheaded stood the heir of England's crown, ' By the poor
stone that shuts an ill-kept grave, Giving meet reverence to the dead that lay
Beneath the stripes and stars
carved on that stone, Which nothing of inscription doth display
To mar the majesty that broods
The ten plain letters spelling
England's crown-prince at this
arch-rebel's tomb, First Magistrate twice-chosen of the States That rose
impatient for more elbow-room,
And flung the English crown out
of their gates. The contrast of those times and these so shows In this respect
of Prince for President, That e'en the trite prize-poem-maker flows, Into some
lines of grave and deep intent,
Describing that young head in
solemn reverence bent.
Passed there a stir from wasting
hone to bone,
Ran there a thrill through the
great chief's gray dust, That the old king's great grandson by his stone Should
bow the head, owning him great and just? Hovered his placid spirit near and
blest That latest victory of truth o'er
When discords, slow but sure
resolved, attest The high and holy harmonies which chime
Their broader music through the
Or was there foresight of the woe
Before the lapse of twelve months
and a day? Was that great spirit prescient to see
The stripes and stars torn from
that flag away? To know the work that he had lived to do,
And saw and said, was good,
before he died, Undone—his glorious Union cleft in two,
And cleaving more and more on
Till none can say how far the
fragments may divide.
Saw he the day that we see with
When those to whom his life from
youth he gave, His own Virginians, his dust should raise, Out of the shelter of
that sacred grave; Regardless of the curse that lies on those Whose hands
disturb even the common dead! Brothers from brothers bearing, as from foes, His
bones that oft their sires to battle led,
Who now draw impious swords, near
his dishonored bed?
TO ACTORS WHO ARE NOT WORTH A
THOUGHT.-We notice that there is a book called "Acting and Thinking." This is to
distinguish it, we imagine, from the generality of Acting, in which there is
mostly no Thinking.
RURAL INSANITY. —A country
correspondent, who seems anxious to he kicked,
writes that diving for an egg in a cool stream this warm weather is a process he
has found to be egg-streamly pleasant.
THE MOST IMPORTANT ORDER OF THE
DAY.-What to order for dinner.
MEDICAL REFORM.—We take the
liberty of asking Apothecaries' Hall—or, more properly speaking, we pay them the
compliment of putting to them—the following question, which, we hope, they will
not absurdly consider in the light of " throwing physic to the dogs:" Since
Quinine is made from Bark, would it not sound better, and the meaning of it be
more sound altogether, to call it "CANINE? An answer, in the shape of an amended
label, will oblige.
acquaintance with a galvanic battery.
While thousands fall by clashing
swords, ten thousands fall by corset-boards ; yet giddy females (thoughtless
train !) for the sake of fashion yield to pain.
"Shall you be at the May
meeting?" said a pious rector to his subordinate. " Oh ! dear, no, Sir," replied
the cautious curate, suspecting a trap ; "I never go to races now."
Such was the spirit of opposition
between the proprietors of two rival coaches, that one was lately advertised to
carry passengers to Liverpool at the following rates : " Inside, what you please
; outside, ditto!" This seemed to carry the matter as far as it would go ; but
the other party were not to be discouraged, and in a short time they issued
placards, stating that their coach would take passengers at the following rates:
"Inside, nothing at all, and a bottle of wine included ; outside, ditto, ditto!"
If you and your sweet-heart vote
upon the marriage question, you for it and she against it, don't flatter
yourself as to its being a tie.
A lady making inquiries of a boy
about his father, an intemperate man, who had been sick for some time, asked
whether he had regained his appetite. " No, ma'am," said the boy, "not exactly ;
his appetite is very poor, but his drinkatite is as good as ever."
A schoolmaster asked one of his
boys, on a cold winter morning, what was the Latin word for cold. The boy
hesitated a little, when the master said—"What, sirrah, can't you tell?" "Yes,
Sir," said the boy, "I have it at my finger ends."
James Smith used to tell, with
great glee, a story showing the general conviction of dislike to ruralities. He
was sitting in the library at a country house, when a gentle-man proposed a
quiet stroll in the pleasure-grounds. "Stroll! why, don't you see my gouty
shoe?" "Yes, I see that plain enough, and I wish I'd brought one too; but they
are all out now." " Well, and what then ?" "What then? Why, my dear fellow, you
don't mean to say that you really have got the gout? I thought you had only put
on that shoe to get off being shown over the improvements."
Dr. Madden, when in the West
Indies, one day undertook to read the burial service over a negro, which was
listened to with great attention. But when the doctor came to the part of "Dust
to dust, ashes to ashes," the negro who officiated as sexton, and was prepared
with a spade of earth for the usual ceremony, interrupted him with an intimation
that he had neglected to order the coffin to be put down first : Put him in de
hole first, massa-always put him in de hole first."
The Moon, like certain
politicians, changes every thirty days, when she looks at things in general with
quite a new face. If a fact were wanting to determine the sex of the moon, it
would be found in her obstinacy about her age. Like most ladies, she is never
more than a day older than thirty.
A RULING PASSION.—There is a
story of an old abbe who had invited a friend to partake of a dish of ortolans.
He preferred them done in butter, his friend in oil, and directions had been
given. The friend came early, and, while talking, fell down in a fit and shortly
died. As not a moment was to be lost, the abbe ran to the head of the stairs,
and called out, "Do them all in butter!" He then took measures for the proper
disposal of his guest.
A DISPATCH to the
Republican, dated Jefferson City, June 19, gives the following version of the
battle at Boonville:
The United States troops landed
at a wood-yard, about five miles this side of Boonville, and one mile below the
encampment of the State troops; the latter had a battery near Boonville pointed
toward the river, but it was circumvented by the United States troops, and
proved perfectly useless. Immediately after landing, the United States troops
advanced upon the State troops, who met them in a lane, and here the firing
commenced. After a short skirmish the United States troops retreated into a
wheat-field, whither they were followed in hot haste by the State troops, who
undoubtedly thought they had the advantage over the enemy, but it appeared that
this movement on the part of the United States troops was only a stratagem. They
had no sooner taken a stand in the wheat-field than they opened a most
destructive fire upon the State troops, killing many, and utterly confusing and
disconcerting the remainder. After the lapse of a very short time the State
troops were totally routed, and fled in every direction. Governor Jackson was
about a mile off, surrounded by Captain Kelly's company as a body guard. It is
reported that he was severely reprimanded during the engagement by men of his
own party for lack of discretion and cowardice. As soon as he saw the result he
and Captain Kelly's company, and Monroe Parsons, according to some accounts,
took a boat and went up the river.
General Price's absence is accounted for in
the following way: On Sunday morning the report was brought to the Governor by
some of his picket-guards that seven boats were coming up the river, loaded with
United States troops. A consultation was at once had between the Governor and
General Price, the result of which was that Governor Jackson sent orders to the
troops to disband, as they could not sustain themselves against such a force.
General Price then left for home. The troops, however, were exceedingly
displeased with the Governor's order, and said they were determined to have a
fight. Colonel Marmaduke, from Saline County, who commanded them, became
disaffected and resigned. A few hours afterward the report about the seven
steamboats proved to be untrue. The Governor then agreed to revoke his order,
and recommended his troops to sustain their position, and prepare for resistance
to the United States troops. He also issued a proclamation stating that the
command had been given to one Mr. Little. What the sequel was is related above.
No one has any reliable news as
to the number of killed and wounded, and those taken prisoners. It is stated,
however, that Lyon once had the State troops in a position whence he could have
mowed them down with terrible effect, but that he ordered the firing to stop
just at that time, and proceeded to make prisoners.
After the battle General Lyon issued a very sensible and firm proclamation to
the people of Missouri. He states that the prisoners whom he captured are mostly immatured youths who confessed themselves duped and misled by their leaders, and
that he liberated them upon promising not to take any part against the
Government. He reminds the people, however, that the clemency of the Government
can not be too far relied upon in the case of persons taken in array against its
authority. He assures them that his mission is not to invade their private
rights as citizens, or to interfere with their business occupations, and he
implores all loyal citizens to return to their ordinary avocations, in which
they shall be protected.
REAPPEARANCE OF GOVERNOR JACKSON.
Governor Jackson has appeared on the stage once more. With 500 men he arrived at
St. Louis on Tuesday, stole some property, and retired toward Warsaw. He has
been pursued, but the chances of catching him were slight.
A NEW GOVERNMENT FOR MISSOURI.
There is a proposition in
Missouri to hold a State Convention for the purpose of deposing Governor
Jackson, who is in rebellion against the General Government and has fled to
parts unknown, and electing new State officers.
OCCUPATION OF HARPER'S FERRY.
Harper's Ferry is probably once more in possession of the Government, and this
without striking a blow. On Saturday, at noon, the advance of Colonel Stone's
column, which has been operating on the Potomac, at Edward's Ferry and Seneca,
reached Point of Rocks, on the way to the Ferry, and one of
columns is reported to have passed through Greencastle, in the same direction.
We have also a corroborative dispatch from
Hagerstown, which states that the
Sixth, the Fifteenth, and the Twenty-fourth Pennsylvania Regiments had marched
to take possession of the Maryland Heights, looking down upon the Ferry. The
position of General Cadwallader's command appears to be unchanged. Four
regiments are in camp about a mile east of
Doubleday's Battery is
on the Williamsport Bluffs; Perkin's Light Artillery Battery is between
Hagerstown and Williamsport; four regiments are two miles from Williamsport, on
the Greencastle road; five companies of cavalry are a mile below Hagerstown, on
the Frederick road ; three regiments are one mile further south, and two
regiments are twelve miles below Hagerstown, on the Sharpsburg turnpike.
THE AFFAIR AT VIENNA.
Brigadier-General Schenck, in pursuance of orders received from the chief
officer in command on the south side of the Potomac, left the camp at Alexandria
on Monday, 17th, with the First regiment of Ohio volunteers,
Colonel McCook, and
proceeded along the Alexandria, Loudon, and Hampshire Railroad, placing guards
at the various important points. The object of the trip was one of
reconnoissance, and for the protection of the railroad track, which had been
injured by the rebels ; and also to look after guerrillas, as the train in which
the Connecticut regiment had previously passed along the line had been fired
into by some person and one man killed. When nearing Vienna,
as the few remaining companies in
the train were turning the curve, a masked battery suddenly opened fire upon the
troops with fatal effect. The guns were well placed, commanding a deep cut of
the railway, and the fire could not be returned by our troops, nor could the
batteries be outflanked or turned, because of the nature of the ground. In
consequence of the engineer beating a hasty retreat with the locomotive, our
troops were deprived of a rallying point, and of all means of transportation for
the wounded, except by means of litters and blankets. Notwithstanding these
disadvantages our troops retired in good order to a point where they intended to
await the arrival of reinforcements. About twelve of our people were killed.
THE NEUTRALITY OF KENTUCKY.
Louisville papers contain the
particulars of an agreement made between General Buckner, commanding the
Kentucky State forces, and
General McClellan, commanding the Department of the
West, which is a virtual declaration that Kentucky shall be neutral ground in
the contest between the Government and the rebels. The Kentucky authorities
agree to project the United States property in the State, to enforce the laws of
the United States according to the interpretation of the United States Courts,
and to enforce all obligations of neutrality as against the
while General M'Clellan agrees not to cross the Kentucky border, even though
Southern armies occupy her soil ; but the Kentucky authorities must remove such
Southern forces; and should she fail to do so, General M'Clellan will claim the
same right of occupation. The State, however, can call upon General M'Clellan
for aid to expel the rebel troops. A different policy on the part of either
party involves the necessity for a previous notice to the other. It is
understood that Governor Harris, of Tennessee, has given in his adhesion to the
THE STATE ELECTION THERE.
The special election for Members
of Congress (House) in Kentucky, has resulted as follows :
I.—HENRY C. BURNETT (" State
Rights"), re-elected. II.—JAMES S. JACKSON, vice Samuel O. Peyton. III.—HENRY
GRIDER, vice Francis M. Bristow. IV.—AARON HARDING, vice William C. Anderson.
V.—CHARLES A. WICKLIFFE, vice John Young Brown. VI.—GEORGE W. DUNL.AP, vice
Green Adams. VII.—ROBERT MALLORY, re-elected.
VIII.—JOHN J. CRITTENDEN,
viceWilliam E. Simms.
IX.-WILLIAM H. WADSWORTH, vice
Laben T. Moore.
X.-JOHN W. MENZIES, vice John W.
All "Union" but Burnett, and all
new Members but Burnett and Mallory. Burnett's majority is reduced from over
9000 in 1859 to 4000 now, while the "Union" Members have generally overwhelming
majorities—often three or four to one.
The official returns of the
killed and wounded at the
battle of Big Bethel show a total of seventy-four—of
which sixteen were killed, fourteen dangerously wounded, five missing, and
thirty-nine only slightly injured. Twenty-one of these casualties occurred in
the mistaken engagement between the Third and
Seventh New York Volunteer
THE STRENGTH OF OUR ARMY.
The Secretary of War has informed
the President that there are now 225,000 men enrolled in the service of the
OFFERS TO DESTROY THE "BROOKLYN."
A French engineer in
offers to destroy the blockading
steamer Brooklyn for twenty thousand dollars.
Another ambitious individual is willing to undertake the job for sixty thousand
dollars; and a third proposes to do the work nicely for one hundred thousand
dollars—payment to be made when the job is finished.
RIOT AT MILWAUKEE.
A very serious riot occurred on
Monday at Milwaukee. The mob attacked several banking-houses, maltreated the
persons employed there, and destroyed property to a considerable amount. The
military were called out; the first company refused to act ; the second charged
with bayonets upon the crowd, which broke and fled. It was feared that more
trouble would be made; the city was put under martial law, and troops were sent
for from neighboring towns.
Hon. John S. Phelps, member of
Congress from the sixth district of Missouri, has been chosen Colonel of a
regiment of Union volunteers at
George M. Dallas declines to be a
candidate for Congress in the second district of Pennsylvania.
Colonel Cameron, the brother of
the Secretary of War, has been elected to the command of the Seventy-ninth
Regiment of New York, known as the
Tennessee is to be included in
the military district under command of
Brigadier-General Robert Anderson. Among
the Second-Lieutenants recently appointed is
Francis E. Brownell, the avenger of
Colonel Ellsworth's death.
GREGORY WITHDRAW'S HIS MOTION.
IN the House of Commons, on 6th
June, Mr. Gregory agreed to postpone his motion, in favor of the recognition of
the rebel confederacy by England, indefinitely. It was remarked that a
discussion on the constitutional aspect of the case would be very inconvenient
to the Government.
In a letter to the Times Mr.
Gregory gives the following as his reasons for desiring the recognition of the
Southern Confederacy : " I advocate the recognition of the Southern Confederacy
because I believe by the separation of the North from the South we may deal an
effectual blow at that accursed traffic, the slave-trade. Hitherto we have
received obstruction rather than co-operation from the United States in our
endeavors to put down that traffic. The Northerners have always contended that
Southern prejudices have been a bar to their hearty co-operation with us. They
have now got rid of these prejudices; and as the Cuban slave-trade is mainly
carried on by ships sailing from Northern ports and floated by Northern capital,
I look forward with confidence to the future action of the United States
Government to restrain their citizens at least from this odious enterprise. As
for the South, the slave-trade has been formally and strictly forbidden by the
constitution; that constitution has been ratified by the several
States, and I should, had my motion came on, been in a position to prove from
various reasons to the House of Commons the sincerity of the
and Congress on this point.
" I advocate the recognition of
the Southern States, because I am of opinion that by this separation the area of
slave-occupied territory will be circumscribed, instead of increased."
BRITISH TROOPS FOR CANADA.
The British army reinforcements
for Canada, to be shipped by the Great Eastern and Golden Fleece, exceed three
thousand and five hundred men, including a battery of the royal artillery.
FRANCE TO BE NEUTRAL.
The Paris Moniteur of the 11th
June publishes an official declaration of neutrality from the Emperor, in which
he says that he "has resolved to maintain a strict neutrality in the conflict
which is now going on between the Government of the Union and the States which
claim to form a separate confederation." The Moniteur also publishes several
articles specifying the measures of neutrality which French subjects are to
observe, such as accepting no commission from either side to arm vessels of war,
and not enrolling in the military service of either. Frenchmen residing in
France or abroad are alike required to abstain from any act contrary to strict
neutrality. The proclamation concludes as follows : His Majesty declares,
moreover, that no Frenchman who has not conformed to the present injunctions can
lay claim to any protection from his Government against the acts or measures,
whatever they may be, which the belligerents may exercise or decree."
ONE MAN SOWS AND ANOTHER REAPS.
It is understood that much land hitherto devoted to Cotton is now sown with
Grain. By about August our Zouaves will be along there, and
will Reap it !