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Page) had done wrangling. The
difficulty lies with somebody or somebodies. Let their names and the facts of
the controversy be held up to public reprobation.
ENGLAND UPON PRIVATEERS.
PEOPLE are still talking of
England, and wondering what she will finally do. For the present it is very
clear that she will repose upon the proclamation of neutrality, and await
events. Meanwhile she discusses the nature of
privateers and blockades.
As for the
they are ships commissioned by a man in open rebellion against his Government to
prey upon the ships of loyal citizens. In the consequent struggle loyal citizens
may be murdered while engaged in defending their own property. There can be no
question that such a privateer is as much a pirate as a ship of Lafitte's. Any
ship-master who sails the sea has the same right to commission himself to seize
Mr. Jefferson Davis has to commission him. Mr. Davis, indeed, claims
to represent a government. But the Government against which he is in rebellion
refuses to see in him any thing but a rebel. No other power in the world has
recognized him; and
Jefferson Davis and William Kidd are equally
Now comes England, and says, "
Mr. Davis may, for the purpose of privateering, be considered a belligerent. But
every Englishman sailing under his commission does so at his peril." This so far
helps Mr. Davis that he can carry his prizes into English ports and sell them.
If England had recognized the
authority which sends the privateers as a Government, that authority might plead
a national character. But England will not do that, for she is not ready for a
war with the United States. She therefore winks at piracy. The case would have
been less flagrant if the rebels had maintained their cause so long and so
successfully that the issue were doubtful. The letters of marque granted by our
Revolutionary Congress were recognized some time before our independence was
conceded by any other power. But we had held our own, and it was fair to presume
that we should at last triumph. England assumes the success of this rebellion
before it has struck a single significant blow. Nevertheless, any English
subject found upon a Davis-privateer which had killed American citizens
defending their property would be incontinently hung as a pirate, nor could
England complain. Any subject who serves upon either side she has given over, in
advance, to his fate. She will not call privateering piracy, but she allows her
privateering subjects to be hung as pirates.
Lord Derby, the Tory leader in
the Lords, proposes that the Government shall not abide by the proclamation in
this respect. His suggestion is not likely to be adopted.
As for the blockade, it is one of
those international questions upon which governments will always differ. The
treaty of Paris requires that a blockade must be effective. But what is an
effective blockade? If a few ships pass in or out is the blockade raised? and,
if so, must the blockading Government issue a new proclamation, and give the
usual grace to ships? This is undoubtedly the view Great Britain would prefer to
take, but it is precisely the one that the United States will not allow.
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
HARDNESS OF THE TIMES.
SWELL OUT OF LUCK. " What do you
charge for blacking a gentleman's boots?"
ONE OF THE POLISH BRIGADE. "Never
more than a penny. Sir."
SWELL. "A penny, eh? Well,
youngster, since there are two boots, that's a half-penny a boot, I
suppose—isn't it ?"
SHOEBLACK (proud of displaying
his arithmetic). "In course it is, Sir."
SWELL. ''Well, then, black my
right boot—I've only got a half-penny."
" My party, Sir, will not lie in
idleness," said a politician. "Very true, Sir," retorted his opponent, "your
party is never chargeable either with lying in idleness or with idleness in
THE WEATHER LAST WEEK.
What is that faint and melancholy
Borne feebly on the sharp East
Whose eager blast bites through
our overcoat, With down of eider thickly lined?
It sounded forth of yonder clump
Darkling beneath the leaden sky;
Through the bare twigs some
plaintive creature spoke, It was the Cuckoo's cry !
That timid trill outpoured from
yonder brake! Ah! can it be the Nightingale?
That broken jug! That interrupted
shake ! The breeze cuts short the poor bird's tale, The throstle, too, as though
for cold in pain, High perched upon the leafless tree, Attempts a fitful and a
dreary strain, Sung in a minor key.
There's one, an only, Swallow to
be seen; With feeble wing the straggler flies. What doeth he out in this air so
keen, Unless he flies for exercise?
On such a day no gnat will stir
for him; All insects find it much too cool:
He would not catch one midge,
were he to skim The nearly frozen pool.
The redbreast shivers o'er her
callow brood; The shrunk, nipped buds her nest reveal. Cocksparrows can not find
their children food; No caterpillar for a meal!
The badger, dormouse, hedgehog,
squirrel, creep All into their respective holes:
This merry May sends all such
things to sleep, A May as at the Poles !
All, how I pity birds and beasts
that roam Unsheltered save by fern and brier!
I know what I shall do; I shall
Draw down the blinds; make up a
roaring fire; Command a basin of hot soup, and dine
On Christmas beef; and, having
Brew for myself a tankard of
spiced wine; Have that, and go to bed.
THE SPINSTER'S Loss.—" Can I be
of any use ?" asked a young Oxonian of a distressed female at the Alnwick
station. " You are a witness!" she said. " Of what ?" said the Oxonian. "That I
gave my basket to a man !" " Certainly." "A railway servant?" "He said so."
"He's off with it. He's a thief, a robber; he's an impostor, whether he's a
railway servant or nae. He's off with my greatest treasure!" "Compose yourself,
madam," said the superintendent, making his way through the crowd; " if what you
have lost can not be found, and you really gave it to one of our people, perhaps
some compensation—" " Compensation !" she exclaimed. " Brute, mercenary brute!
There is no compensation for a loss like mine." "Of what nature is that loss?"
said another rail-way official. " Of a very serious nature, Sir—to me, of an
irreparable nature," she replied. " That basket contained —oh, my! oh, my! it
contained my Rufus! Oh! Rufus, pride of my heart ! comfort of my life! my
companion ! my bedfellow! my sleek! my tabby furry, purry! my whiskered, my
darling, my bushy-tailed, Angora, my Rufus!" " You don't mean to say, ma'am,
that you're kicking up all this row and rumpus about a cat?" said one of the
porters. "A cat, Sir, yes! but such a cat as you never beheld. A cat worth ten
such men as you !"
There is a class of men ever
ready to pump you to any extent, if you only give them a handle.
"Mary, is your master at home?"
"No, Sir, he's out." "I don't believe it." "Well, then, he'll come down and tell
you so himself. Perhaps you'll believe him."
Lord William Poulat was said to
be the author of a pamphlet called " The Snake in the Grass." A gentleman abused
in it sent him a challenge. Lord William protested his innocence, but the
gentleman insisted upon a denial under his own hand. Lord William took a pen and
began : "This is to stratify that the buk called 'The Snak—'" "Oh! my lord,"
said the person, "I am satisfied: your lordship has already convinced me you did
not write the book."
At Girvan, Ayrshire, lately, the
following announcement was made by the town crier, at the very pitch of his
stentorian lungs : "All persons keeping cocks or hens in this street to the
annoyance of their neighbors' gardens, will be destroyed after this intimation."
A landowner and tenant having
agreed to refer a matter in dispute to a reference, it was agreed that in case
it should not be thus decided, the matter should be settled, as usual, by an
umpire. " Well, be it so, but on this condition," said the man of wealth, " that
if he can not make a division, we shall have umpires on both sides."
"Figures won't lie," is an old
and homely expression; but few men can look on a fashionable woman's figure
nowadays and say as much.
"Julia, here are two cake-one for
you and one for Mary ; Mary don't want hers just now, and you may carry it for
her till we get home."
After a while the mother observed
that Miss Julia began eating upon the second cake, having already disposed of
one. Of course she thought it was time to speak. " Julia, whose cake are you
"And where is Mary's?"
"Why, I ate hers up first."
THE SPRING-TIME OF LIFE —Our
A SCOTCH CANNIBAL.—A lady
advertises in a Glasgow paper that she wants a gentleman for " breakfast and
"I have learned the profound
truth," says Alderman Johnson, " from eating turtle, that it shows a most
depraved taste to mock any thing for its greenness."
Miss Jemima Wilhelmina, when her
parents refuse to allow her to go to a ball, sets to and has a bawl at home.
VIRGINIA INVADED FROM THE WEST.
EARLY last week a large body of
General McClellan, were ordered to advance on
Harper's Ferry from
the west, by way of Wheeling. But the secessionists at harper's Ferry, having
discovered the movement, proceeded beyond Grafton by railroad and destroyed
three bridges between that point and Wheeling, and there is little doubt that
they have burned or blown up all the bridges between Grafton and Harper's Ferry.
The distance between these two points is one hundred miles. Grafton has since
been occupied by the Federal troops.
PROCLAMATION OF GENERAL
" HEADQUARTERS, DEPARTMENT OF
OHIO, CINCINNATI, May 26, 1861.
" To the Union Men of Western
Government has long enough endured the machinations of a few factious rebels in
your midst. Armed traitors have in vain endeavored to deter you from expressing
your loyalty at the polls. Having failed in this infamous attempt to deprive you
of the exercise of your dearest rights, they now seek to inaugurate a reign of
terror, and thus force you to yield to their schemes, and submit to the yoke of
the traitorous conspiracy dignified by the name of the
They are destroying the property of citizens of your State, and ruining your
magnificent railways. The General Government has heretofore carefully abstained
from sending troops across the Ohio, or even from posting them along its banks,
although frequently urged by many of your prominent citizens to do so.
"It determined to await the
result of the State election, desirous that no one might be able to say that the
slightest effort had been made from this side to influence the free expression
of your opinions, although the many agencies brought to bear upon you by the
rebels were well known. You have now shown under the most adverse circumstances
that the great mass of the people of Western Virginia are true and loyal to that
beneficent Government under which we and our fathers have lived so long. As soon
as the result of the election was known, the traitors commenced their work of
destruction. The General Government can not close its ears to the demand you
have made for assistance. I have ordered troops to cross the river. They come as
your friends and brothers; as enemies only to armed rebels who are preying upon
you. Your homes, your families, and your property are safe under our protection.
All your rights shall be religiously respected.
"Notwithstanding all that has
been said by the traitors to induce you to believe our advent among you will be
signalized by an interference with your slaves, understand one thing clearly :
Not only will we abstain from all such interference, but we will, on the
contrary, with an iron hand, crush any attempt at insurrection on their part.
"Now that we are in your midst, I
call upon you to fly to arms and support the General Government; sever the
connection that binds you to traitors; proclaim to the world that the faith and
loyalty so long boasted by the Old Dominion are still preserved in Western
Virginia, and that you remain true to the
Stars and Stripes.
" G. B. M'CLELLAN,
SURPRISE OF SECESSIONISTS.
Two columns of troops belonging
to General M'Clellan's command, one under command of Colonel Kelly, of the First
Virginia Volunteers, and the other under Colonel Crittenden, and composed of the
Indiana Volunteers, proceeded from Grafton to Phillippa, about twenty miles, on
Sunday night, through a drenching rain, and surprised a camp of rebels there,
two thousand strong. The rebels were completely routed after a brief struggle,
with the loss of fifteen killed, and a large amount of arms, horses, ammunition,
provisions, camp equipage, etc. The surprise is reported to have been most
complete, and at last accounts the Federal forces were in hot pursuit, with a
prospect of capturing a large number of prisoners. Colonel Kelly, the commander
of the Virginia volunteers, was unfortunately wounded, and has since died. This,
however, was the only life lost among the Federal troops.
BOMBARDMENT OF REBEL BATTERIES.
On Friday last the steamers
Freeborn and Anacosta, off Aquia Creek, engaged the rebel forts there with
apparent effect. Aquia Creek is fifty-five miles from Washington, and is the
terminus of the Richmond and Fredericksburg Railroad. The batteries returned the
fire and it was kept up on both sides for an hour, till the ammunition ran short
on board, and the vessels hauled off. Upon receipt of the dispatch, two ships of
war, with plenty of ammunition, were sent from the Navy-yard.
ANOTHER DAY'S WORK.
On the following day the fight,
which was temporarily abandoned for want of ammunition on board the United
States vessels on Friday, was resumed at half past eleven o'clock in the
morning, and continued until half past four that afternoon without intermission.
The guns in the rebel batteries mounted on the heights had been reproved to the
beach during the previous night, and upon that point the fire of Saturday was
directed by the Freeborn, Anacosta, and Pawnee, which hauled in shore, and kept
up an incessant fire for five hours, until the men were worn out from fatigue.
Captain Ward reports that upward of a thousand shots were fired by the rebel
batteries, and that a hundred at least struck on or close around the Freeborn,
some of them damaging her hull so that site leaked considerably, and some
hitting her wheel-house and shaft. The Pawnee, too, was struck frequently aloft
and below, hurting both hull and rigging. On board the Anacosta was a party of
twenty-two men of the New York Seventy-first regiment, under Lieutenant
Prendergast, who worked the guns gallantly. Before the firing ceased the battery
on shore was silenced, and the rebels were observed flying from the spot.
Fearing a landing of the men from the ships, they set fire to the freight depot
on the pier, which was entirely consumed. Several of the rebels were hurt, but
whether fatally or not could not be ascertained. No one was killed on board the
vessels, but the firing from the batteries shows that the guns were ably
At latest dates from Fortress
Monroe, the only movement of importance going on was the transportation of heavy
cannon over the Rip-Raps, situated between the fortress and the opposite shore,
and commanding the channel on the other side. Between the Rip-Raps and the shore
the water is very shoal—so much so, that vessels of the lightest draft can not
pass without difficulty. The encampments were being rapidly brought into a
condition of military order and discipline. The nearest point at which there was
any considerable collection of rebel forces, except at
Sewall's Point, was
believed to be Yorktown, twenty-seven miles distant. About four thousand were
collected there, and it was thought probable that a stand was to be made there,
as the slave-owners in York, Warwick, and Elizabeth City Counties had been
obliged to send thither half their negroes, with three days' provisions, to work
Up to Thursday evening no less
than four hundred and fifty slaves, including women and children, had fled into
General Butler's camp, and they report that a general uprising of the slave
population was expected.
DASHING EXPLOIT OF UNITED STATES
We illustrate elsewhere the dashing exploit of Company B of the United
States cavalry, by which they captured a squad of secessionists at Fairfax on
It was followed by a still more
gallant operation in the night of the same day. It appears that the company
learned that their missing companions, in number two, were to be hanged on
Sunday morning; they accordingly mounted, rode down to Fairfax, discovered where
the men were confined, rescued them, and bore them off in triumph.
Cairo we learn that a full
regiment of Missouri Union troops had arrived at Bird's Point, from St. Louis,
composed entirely of Germans, and had taken a position there, where they are
throwing up fortifications. It will be remembered that Bird's Point is the only
available point of attack on Cairo from the Missouri shore, and its occupation
by the Federal forces is therefore important.
THE BLOCKADE OF SOUTHERN PORTS.
sloop of war Brooklyn arrived
off Pass a L'Outre, at the entrance of the Mississippi River, on the 26th ult.,
and commenced the blockade of the port of New Orleans. The blockade of the
Mobile was commenced by a Government steamer on the 27th. A large war steamer
was seen off Savannah on the 18th. All the principal
Southern ports are now
INCREASE OF OUR BLOCKADING FORCE.
We shall soon have an important
addition to our blockading force. The three steamers of the Mediterranean
squadron are on the way home, and are about due at New York. They are the
Susquehanna, paddle-wheel, 15 guns ; the Richmond, screw, 14 guns ; and the
Iroquois, screw, 6 guns.
CAPTURE OF WHALERS.
From New Orleans we hear of the
capture of three Northern vessels, all small whalers, by the Confederate
SEIZURE OF A STEAMER FOR THE
The screw steamer Peerless, supposed to have been purchased in Canada
for the use of the rebels, has been seized at Quebec by the orders of Mr.
Giddings, our consul.
A SPEECH FROM JEFF DAVIS.
Jeff Davis arrived in Richmond
last week. One afternoon he went to the New Fair Grounds. Here a large number of
ladies and gentlemen had assembled, and, on his arrival, greeted him with the
heartiest demonstrations of pleasure. On leaving his saddle, the President was
surrounded by an eager crowd of soldiers and civilians, whom he indulged to a
hand-shaking performance, until the pressure became so great that he was
compelled to retire to the balcony of the Executive Department, where, in
response to the demands of the assemblage, he delivered the following brief and
"MY FRIENDS AND
FELLOW-CITIZENS,--I am deeply impressed with the kindness of your manifestation.
I look upon you as the last best hope of liberty; and in our liberty alone is
our Constitutional Government to be preserved. Upon your strong right arm
depends the success of our country ; and, in asserting the birth-right to which
you were born, you are to remember that life and blood are nothing as compared
with the immense interests you have at stake. [Cheers.] It may be that you have
not long been trained, and that you have much to learn of the art of war, but I
know that there beats in the breasts of Southern sons a determination never to
surrender—a determination never to go home but to tell a tale of honor. [Cries
of ' Never!' and applause.] Though great may be the disparity of numbers, give
us a fair field and a free fight, and the Southern banner will float in triumph
every where. [Cheers.] The country relies upon you. Upon you rest the hope of
our people; and I have only to say, my friends, that to the last breath of my
life I am wholly your own." [Tremendous cheers.]
HE APPOINTS A DAY OF PRAYER AND
Mr. Davis has issued a proclamation to the people of the Confederate
States, appointing the 13th of June a day of fasting and prayer, in the hope
that the Almighty may aid them in the present hour " of difficulty and peril.".
THE FUGITIVE SLAVE QUESTION.
The following letter has been
" WASHINGTON, May 30, 1861.
"SIR,—Your action in respect to the negroes who came within your lines, from the
service of the rebels, is approved. The Department is sensible of the
embarrassments which must surround officers conducting military operations in a
State by the laws of which
slavery is sanctioned. The government can not
recognize the rejection by any State of its federal obligation resting upon
itself. Among these federal obligations, however, no one can be more important
than that of suppressing and dispersing any combination of the former for the
purpose of overthrowing its whole constitutional authority. While, therefore,
you will permit no interference, by persons under your command, with the
relations of persons held to service under the laws of any State, you will, on
the other hand, so long as any State within which your military operations are
conducted, remain under the control of such armed combinations, refrain from
surrendering to alleged masters any persons who come within your lutes. You will
employ such persons in the services to which they will be best adapted, keeping
an account of the labor by them performed, of the value of it, and the expenses
of their maintenance. The question of their final disposition will be reserved
for future determination.
"SIMMON CAMERON, Secretary of
War. "To Major-General BUTLER."
Gen. Harney has been recalled
from the command in Missouri, and it is thought that
Gen. Lyon will take his
Jefferson Davis held a levee in
Richmond on Thursday last, at the Governor's mansion, where several thousand
ladies and gentlemen paid their respects to him. During the day he visited the
military camp, and made a very impressive address to the volunteers. Among those
who accompanied Mr. Davis to Richmond is Mr. S. R. Todd, a brother-in-law of
Gen. James Watson Webb has been
appointed Minister to Brazil.
OUR Minister to England, Mr.
Adams, arrived in London on the 13th of May. In expectation of his coming, an
arrangement had been made by Lord John Russell to receive him on Tuesday, and
for his presentation to the Queen on Thursday. Lord John Russell was, however,
out of town, caused by the death of his brother, the Duke of Bedford, and Mr.
Adams was presented by Lord Palmerston. Every thing attending the reception is
understood to have been marked by entire cordiality and friendship.
A LETTER FROM CASSIUS M. CLAY.
Hon. Cassius M. Clay, our new
Minister to Russia, has addressed a letter to the London Times on the American
question, in which he endeavors to set the public mind of England right as to
the present war, declaring that its object is not the subjugation of the
Southern States, but the maintenance of the laws of the United States, and
expressing the opinion that the rebellion must inevitably be suppressed, and
that it is the interest of England to sustain the United States Government.
THE OCCUPATION OF SYRIA.
Lord Cowley, British Minister at
Paris, has, it is said, protested against any isolated intervention in the
affairs of Syria, such as was claimed by the French Ministry. A French fleet was
about to sail for Beyrout to convey the troops of the Emperor home.
THE ANNEXATION OF SAN DOMINGO.
Queen Isabella of Spain has signed her acceptance of the annexation act of San
HOW VIRGINIA WAS VOTED OUT OF