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of about four thousand,
and a trade of about eight millions of dollars annually, principally with
The mouth of the Rio Grande has
only from two to four and a half feet water on its bar ; therefore no sea-going
vessel of a size safe to navigate the Gulf can cross its bar.
All shipments for Brownsville and
other points on the Lower Rio Grande are made to Brazos Bay —which has from
eight to ten feet water on its bar, and is ten miles in a straight line from the
Rio Grande—from thence the freight is reshipped in light-draught steamboats via
the Rio Grande, or sent by lighters to
Point Isabel, three miles distant from
the anchorage, and from Point Isabel transported to Brownsville by land.
From the time of the first
settlement of the country by the Spaniards Brazos and Point Isabel have been the
harbor and place of entry for the sea trade of nearly the whole Rio Grande
Valley. Point Isabel is situate on the main land, about ten miles in a straight
line from the Rio Grande, and twenty-eight miles from Brownsville.
The coast for a long distance,
and even Brazos island, is swept, during heavy gales, by the sea; and for this
reason the Government has been obliged to place her light-house for the entrance
to Brazos harbor on the bluff at Point Isabel, which bluff is elevated about
twenty feet above the water of the harbor.
At the commencement of the
Mexican War Point Isabel was selected for a military depot, and Fort Polk
The Rio Grande is navigated by
steamboats to Rio Grande city, about three hundred miles above Brownsville.
During the Mexican War a United States Government steamer navigated the river to
Laredo, about six hundred miles above Brownsville.
Brazos harbor is the only
anchorage and harbor south or west of Aransas.
EXTRA SESSION OF THE SENATE.
THE Senate is still in session,
for the purpose of confirming appointments. A motion was made on 12th for the
expulsion of Senator Wigfall, of Texas, who declared that he was a foreigner and
owed no allegiance to the United States. After some debate it was referred to
the Judiciary Committee.
Senator Douglas has made a speech declaring that he
regards the Inaugural as a peace document. On 13th he offered the following
"Resolved, That the Secretary of
War be requested to inform the Senate what forts, arsenals, navy yards, and
other public works within the limits of the States of South Carolina, Georgia,
Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas, are now within the actual
possession and occupation of the United States, and by what number of men each
is garrisoned and held, and whether reinforcements are necessary to retain the
same, and if so, whether the Government has the power and means under existing
laws to supply such reinforcements within such time as the exigencies and
necessities of the case may demand, and whether the defense and protection of
the United States and their interests make it necessary and wise to retain
military possession of such forts, places, and other property, except at
West and Tortugas, and to recapture and reoccupy such others as the United
States have been deprived of by seizure or surrender, for any other purpose and
with a view to any other end than the subjugation and occupation of those States
which have assumed the right to secede from the Union, and within whose limits
such forts and other public property are situated; and if such be the motives
for recapturing and holding the forts and other public property, what military
force, including regulars and volunteers, would be necessary to enable the
United States to reduce the States aforesaid and such others as are supposed to
sympathize with them to subjection and obedience to the laws of the Union, and
to protect the Fe lend capital."
On the same day
of Maine, offered the following resolution, which was laid over under the rule:
"Resolved, That Messrs. Benjamin
of Louisiana, Brown and
Davis of Mississippi,
Clay of Alabama, Mallory of
Toombs of Georgia, laving announced that they are no longer members
of the Senate, their seats have become vacant, and the Secretary of the Senate
is directed to strike their names from the roll of members."
On Thursday, 14th,
of Virginia, offered a resolution of inquiry, directed to the Secretary of War,
relative to the militia of the District of Columbia. It was objected to and laid
over. Senator Douglas made an effort to get before the Senate his resolutions,
offered on Wednesday, calling for information relative to the Southern forts and
other Federal property, but he did not succeed. In the course of the debate
Senator Clingman, of North Carolina, announced that he had prepared a resolution
advising the President to make a treaty with the seceded States, but he did not
offer it. Senator Fessenden's resolution, offered on Wednesday, proposing to
strike from the roll the names of those Southern Senators who have withdrawn
from the Senate, was then considered. Efforts were made by Senators Mason,
Hunter, and others, to have the phraseology changed, and finally Senator
Fessenden accepted a substitute offered by Senator Clark, of New Hampshire,
simply declaring the seats vacant, and directing the omission of the names in
calling the roll. This was adopted—24 to 10. The Senate spent but a brief period
in Executive Session.
THE SOUTHERN CONGRESS.
A synopsis of the permanent
Constitution adopted by the "Congress" of the C. S. A. for the fundamental law
seceded States has been published. Among its provisions is one allowing
the officers of the Executive Departments to occupy seats on the floor of
Congress, with the privilege of discussing any measure relating to his
Department. Another provides that the
President and Vice-President shall hold
office six years, and the President is given the power to remove the principal
officers of the Departments and in the Diplomatic service at pleasure. The
foreign slave-trade is prohibited, and the basis of three-fifths for slave
representation is continued. When five States shall have ratified the
Constitution, it shall be established in those States—otherwise the Provisional
Constitution shall continue in force one year.
The Tariff Act has been
published. It goes into operation on the 1st of May. Compared with the Tariff
Act of the United States, most of the 30 per cent. duties are reduced to 25; the
greater portion of the 24 and 19 duties are reduced to 15. There is a large 10
per cent. schedule and a very small free list.
The Alabama Convention has
ratified the permanent Constitution by a vote of 87 to 5.
THE SLAVE-TRADE QUESTION.
The Charleston Mercury's
Montgomery correspondent says that
Mr. Davis, styled the President of the
"Southern Confederacy," has vetoed the bill concerning the African slave-trade.
The effect of this bill was to reduce the crime of importing slaves from piracy
to a misdemeanor. The Mercury asks what the purpose of the veto is, whether it
is intended to keep in force the higher penalty, and hints that the President is
making a mistake in bringing on the agitation of the
Slavery question so early
in the history of the new Confederacy. The paper also finds fault because the
veil of secrecy, removed from the original act, is still kept on the veto and
the course of the Congress thereupon,
THE SOUTHERN COMMISSIONERS AT
The Commissioners of the
Confederacy, now at Washington, on Wednesday sent a communication to the State
Department requesting recognition by the Government, with a view to the opening
of negotiations, at the same time stating that the Secretary of the Commission
would call for an answer at noon on 14th. At the hour designated the Secretary
called at the State Department, when he was informed that the Administration
desired time for further reflection on the communication submitted.
SUMTER TO BE EVACUATED.
The question as to the evacuation
or reinforcement of
Fort Sumter has been decided by the
Cabinet. The fort is to
be evacuated, and peace will thus be preserved. The order for the evacuation has
not as yet been dispatched to
Major Anderson, but will be. The abandonment of
the fort is a military necessity, and the
President and Cabinet, in coming to a
conclusion on the subject, are said to have been governed by the opinions of the
chiefs of the army.
General Scott's opinion is based upon an elaborate report of
General Totten, Chief Engineer of the Engineering Bureau, to the effect that a
regular series of well-constructed fortifications have been erected around Fort
Sumter, completely encircling it, so that a very large land force would be
required to silence their fire, if vessels with reinforcements were sent into
the harbor. At the same time
Captain Ward, of the navy, who has made a special
examination of the circumstances, reports that it would be impossible to deliver
supplies by water without a considerable accompaniment of war vessels, to keep
up a combined attack upon the hostile forts while a steamer or tug should be
making its way to the garrison. But the execution of either plan would require
more time for the preparation of it than now remains before
Anderson and his
little guard would be completely short of provisions.
The New York Times says: "The
Cabinet, on 13th, sent several nominations to the Senate—among them that of
Colonel E. V. Sumner, as Brigadier-General, in place of the traitor
several Army promotions. The mission to Spain was at first declined by Cassius
M. Clay, but was afterward accepted. It was reported also that Mr. Corwin
declined the mission to Mexico, but the report was at least premature. It is
believed that he will accept it, provided his health will permit him to leave
home. Joshua R. Giddings will probably be Consul-General at Montreal, and Mr.
Thayer Consul-General at Alexandria. The mission to London is understood to lie
between Hon. William L. Dayton and
Hon. Charles Francis Adams. General Spinner,
Chairman of the Committee on Accounts in the last House of Representatives, is
to be Assistant-Secretary of State. Jacob F. Halderman, of Pennsylvania, has
been nominated as Minister Resident at Stockholm.
MR. LINCOLN'S FIRST LEVEE.
The Herald correspondent says:
"The first levee of
President Lincoln was given at the White House on 7th. It
was a monster gathering. The oldest frequenters of the Executive mansion declare
that they do not recollect ever to have seen so many people pass through the
House at any previous levee. Some of the officers of the House, who served Mr.
Buchanan and Mr. Pierce, say they never saw any thing approaching it in numbers,
and that it was never excelled in brilliancy. An hour before the doors of the
house were opened the great driveway was blockaded with carriages, and the
sidewalks and approaches to the Whits House were thronged with ladies and
gentlemen, anxiously awaiting an opportunity to enter and pay their respects to
the President and
Mrs. Lincoln. At eight o'clock the doors were opened, and the
house was soon filled. By half past eight the crowd inside was so intense
that—it being impossible to pass out of the door, owing to the large numbers
outside waiting for admission—it was found necessary to pass the ladies and
gentlemen who desired to retire out through the windows. This mode of exit
lasted nearly an hour, especially for the gentlemen."
The famous Gaines case was
decided by the United States Supreme Court on 14th. A decision has at last been
rendered in favor of Mrs. Gaines, and the Court has given such directions as
will place her in possession of all the property of Daniel Clark in
OUR HOME SQUADRON.
The vessels comprising the home
Squadron of the United States are ready for instant service, and all but three
or four are now in this port. The list comprises twenty-six vessels, carrying
190 guns and 2757 men. This is the largest naval force ever concentrated in one
squadron since the organization of the United States Navy. It consists of more
ships than the Channel fleet of England.
THE NEW HAMPSHIRE ELECTION.
New Hampshire held her State
election on 12th. The leading candidates were as follows:
Governor Nathaniel S.
Berry. George Stark.
Railroad Com....J. T. P.
Hunt. Frederick Vose.
Congress, Dist. 1..Gilman Marston. Daniel
Congress, Dist. 2.. Edward H.
Rollins. Samuel D. Bell. Congress, Dist. 3.. Thomas M. Edwards. William Burns.
Judge Bell was of old a Whig, the rest of the Opposition candidates were
Democrats. The election resulted in the complete triumph of the Republicans.
Returns from 102 towns indicate that their majority in the State will be from
3500 to 4000. All the Republican candidates for Congress are elected, four of
the five Councilors, eight or nine of the twelve State Senators, and an
overwhelming majority of the State Representatives.
AFFAIRS IN TEXAS.
From Texas we learn that on the
4th inst. the Convention declared that State out of the Union, and
Houston issued a proclamation to that effect. Vessels sent by the Federal
Government to Texas are not to be seized. Governor
Houston, it is stated, will
neither take the oath of allegiance to the State nor resign. The returns of the
election were still incomplete, but as far as ascertained show a heavy majority
in favor of secession. Dispatches from
San Antonio and Fort Brown state that
Colonel Waite, the commander of the United States forces, had endeavored to
reorganize the troops, but, owing to their demoralization by the conduct of
General Twiggs, found it impossible to do so. Captain Hill, the commander at
Fort Brown, was in expectation of a collision between the State authorities and
A later telegram from
states that Captain Hill has found his position at Fort Brown untenable, and has
in consequence been forced to surrender. It is stated that the transfer of this
post to the Texan Commissioners had been arranged, and that the United States
troops, as soon as transportation could be procured, would proceed to the Coast,
taking with them two light batteries.
HOUSTON STILL SOUND.
A telegram, dated
Texas, March 11, says : "Governor Houston has refused to recognize the
Convention. He considers that its functions terminated in submitting the
secession ordinance to the people. He tells the Convention that he and the
Legislature (which meets on the 18th) will attend to the public questions now
arising; and he favors a new Convention, to make such changes in the State
Constitution as may be necessary. He opposes Texas joining the Confederacy.
"The Convention, in reply, passed
an ordinance, claiming full powers, promising to consummate as speedily as
possible the connection of Texas with the Confederate States, and notifying the
State of this course. The Convention will at once require all officers to take
the oath of allegiance to the support of the new government, and carry out the
"It is reported that Mr. Clark
will be put in Mr. Houston's place, if the latter refuses the oath ; also, that
Governor Houston is raising troops on his own account."
We have some interesting items of
news copied from the Washington letter of the Pensacola Observer, dated the 3d
"Lieutenant Slemmer has had about
forty men engaged in raising a sand battery about a quarter of a mile to the
Fort Pickens, on
Santa Rosa Island, for the past two or three days.
The Wyandotte was engaged all
day yesterday in conveying water
to the United States ships outside. Lieutenant M'Nab, of the Eufaula Rifles,
being anxious to find out what Slemmer's men were doing on the island, procured
a boat and went over. He was placed under arrest by the authorities of Santa
Rosa Island, and sent to the Navy-yard. This morning the bay is as calm as a
mirror—the sun shines in all his majesty—the
stars and stripes are afloat from
the flag-staff on Fort Pickens and from the
Wyandotte, which is now engaged in
towing out the water-tank to the ships. The sloop of war St. Louis, the
Sabine, and the
United States steamer Brooklyn, are to be seen lying at anchor
beyond the bar. Quite a crowd have passed, with wheel-barrows, spades, shovels,
etc., to work on the sand-batteries in course of construction at the old and new
light-houses, and on the beach opposite the village of Warrington."
REINFORCEMENTS FOR KEY WEST.
The Key West Key of the Gulf, in
its issue of February 23, gives us the following important news : "The
Daniel Webster, Captain Minor, arrived at this port last evening, six days from
New York, with
Major Fitz John Porter, Assistant Adjutant-General, and Captain
Dawson, First Artillery, for
Brazos Santiago, Texas; Captain W. F. Smith,
Topographical Engineers, on light-horse duty, and ninety recruits, sixty-two to
fill up Captain Brannan's company at Fort Taylor, and twenty-eight for
Jefferson, and company stores for both works."
A SHOT FIRED AT FORT SUMTER.
We read in the Charleston
Mercurry: " At an early hour yesterday morning, while the gunners were firing
blank cartridges from the guns of the Iron Battery at Cumming's Point, one of
the guns loaded with ball, the men not being aware of the fact, was discharged.
The ball struck the wharf of
Fort Sumter, close to the gate. This, it appears,
caused some excitement in the garrison of Sumter, for three or four of the ports
Cumming's Point were soon after thrown open. No warlike reply to the
unintentional shot was given, however, and about two hours afterward a boat was
sent over to explain the occurrence to
Major Anderson. The Major received the
message in good part, and thus the matter ended, after having caused no little
talk at the harbor forts and in the city."
SALE OF THE NEW YORK SHIPS SEIZED
We find in the Savannah
Republican of the 7th the following announcement of the proposed sale of the New
York vessels : " Governor Brown has issued an order for the sale, at public
auction, of the ship Martha J. Ward, and schooner Julia A. Hallock, for the
purpose of indemnifying citizens of Georgia for the losses which they have
sustained on account of the robberies perpetrated by the New York authorities,
and of paying all expenses incurred in the premises.' It is understood, we
believe, that the owners of these vessels will not interpose to prevent or delay
the sale, having elected to look to their Government for indemnity, for all
losses sustained by reason of the transaction."
A MEDIATOR BETWEEN THIS COUNTRY
The French Minister at Washington last week waited upon the Secretary
of State and offered the services of his Government as mediator between the
United States and Peru, in the difficulty arising from the seizure of an
American vessel by the Peruvian authorities.
The court-journal of the Southern
Government—The Confederacy—of the 9th inst. says:
"Mrs. President Davis, who has
already made a most favorable impression on our community, left last Thursday
for her home in Mississippi. She purposes, however, to return shortly with her
family, and will occupy the handsome residence of Colonel Edmund Harrison, on
Washington Street, which will be the 'White House' for this year at least. The
President is still at the Exchange hotel, where his time is almost constantly
engrossed with official business."
Wm. M. Browne, late editor of the
Washington Union (Mr. Buchanan's organ), has been appointed Assistant-Secretary
of State of the Southern Confederacy. He is an Irishman.
Jere Clemens, the redoubled
novelist and editor, and a terrible fire-eater, has been appointed a
Major-General in the rebel army.
The Miss Lilly Tyler, who loosed
"the impatient folds" of the Southern banner at Montgomery the other day, is a
daughter of ex-President Tyler, and not a grand-daughter, as has been reported.
The recent resignation of Captain
Withers of the United States Army was not prompted by sympathy with secession.
The Captain married a Spanish lady at
San Antonio, Texas, where she has a large
and valuable property menaced by political disturbances, and as she has no one
at home to take care of her property interests, her husband was forced to resign
his commission in order that he might go to Texas for that purpose.
General Beauregard, now in
command of the rebel forces at
Charleston, has much fame as a tactician. It is
said that when General Scott's council differed in opinion as to the plan for
attacking Mexico, after others had spoken, General Scott called on Lieutenant
Beauregard, whose conduct at
Cerro Gordo, and
Contreras, had strongly
attracted his attention. That young officer observed that, inasmuch as he
differed in toto with his brother engineers, he felt great diffidence in
expressing his views; but he finally agreed with the plan of General Scott, it
was acted upon, and the city- was taken.
Ex-General David E. Twiggs, late
of the United States army, was formally received at
New Orleans last week.
During the past month, the oldest person of the Onondaga tribe of Indians, a
woman named Hannah, died at the supposed age of over one hundred and twenty
years! From the family traditions, it is believed that she was born as early as
1741, and perhaps at a still earlier date.
IN the House of Commons the subject of the slave-trade,
introduced by a series of senseless resolutions, has provoked
an animated discussion, and elicited important explanations and remarks from
Lord John Russell and Lord Pamerston. Loth these statesmen denounced the faithless conduct of' Spain in encouraging the traffic, but yet more bitterly denounced the Government of the United States
for persisting in its refusal to submit to an indiscriminate
right of visitation and search. The opinion was expressed
in the course of the debate that the Southern Confederacy
should never be recognized until it had given satisfactory
guarantees of its purpose to abstain from the slave-trade.
THE FRENCH SENATE.
The French Senate has availed
itself of the new privileges accorded it by the Emperor, to respond to the
Imperial Address. Its references to the foreign policy of the Empire are
generally laudatory, but in shaping its language in regard to the Roman
question, care has been taken to give a decidedly ultramontane character to the
sentiments. In the mean time, the violent language of some of the bishops is
moving the Government to strong measures of repression; and the Diocesan of
Poictiers is to be made an example of.
SOUTH CAROLINA NOT RECOGNIZED BY
A Paris dispatch says that Colonel Faulkner, United States Minister to
France, had been officially informed by M. Thouvenel that the South Carolina
Conmissioners had not been received either by the Emperor or himself.
THE FAILURE OF MIRES.
We read in the London Post,
February 21: "The failure of the house of M. Mires & Co. was formally announced on the Bourse at an early hour this morning, and created
considerable excitement. Count de Germiny, Governor of the Bank of France, has been named to liquidate the estate.
The house of Mires & Co. is one of those large banking es-tablishments which
have grown up suddenly in Paris, and
become identified with extensive
railway contracts, foreign loans, and domestic enterprises, on a scale which
involves many millions of francs. M. Mires & Co., it will be remembered, lately
contracted with the Turks a new loan, which, owing to the opposition of the
French government and the house of Rothschild, was not successful in Paris. This
blow appears to have condemned the house of M. Mires to ruin. Before entering
into an agreement to pay the Ottoman government a large sum monthly, M. Mires
had heavy calls on his bank, originating in his engagements with Spanish and
Roman railways, public works at Marseilles, and other smaller liabilities. Under
such a weight of liabilities the house has broken up, and caused much
consternation to hundreds of shareholders. It it whispered about that M. Mires
will make some remarkable revelations concerning the financial transactions of
great personages. If so, he will prove himself a good friend of the Emperor. I
hear that not only has M. Mires been put under arrest, but three other
gentlemen, whose names I do not care to mention, are also under the control of
the authorities. The liabilities of the house of Mires are estimated at from 200
to 600 millions of francs; but, the fact is, no one knows at the present moment
the real condition of the estate."
The Herald correspondent writes:
"The great excitement of the week has been the arrest of the celebrated
financier Mires. Some time back an ugly hitch occurred in his affairs, and his
books were for a few hours in the hands of the officers of justice. His
son-in-law, Prince de Polignac, averted the storm at that time by seeking an
interview with the Emperor, and obtaining from his Majesty an order for the
release of the books. It was subsequently rumored about the city that Mires
would not have escaped had he not been concerned with high personages; and rumor
even went so far as to state that the Emperor himself had mixed in the
speculations of Monsieur Mires. Annoyed at these scandalous reports, the Emperor
determined that a stop should be put to them, and that the best method of so
doing was to ventilate the business affairs of Mires. So at a recent council of
Ministers his Majesty asked M. Delangle, the Minister of Justice, whether due
attention was being paid to the Mires affair. M. Delangle answered that enough
was already known to arrest that individual, but that he judged great care was
needed in transacting the proceedings, as the consequences would entail ruin
upon so many. The Emperor answered that the shock must not be avoided; that
public morality must be satisfied. In this view his Majesty was warmly seconded
by Count de Persigny. A rumor of their proceedings having come to the ears of M.
Mires, he wrote to the Emperor a letter, the contents of which conveyed that
many of his Majesty's nearest surrounders were implicated with Mires, and that
in case he was dealt with harshly he would expose all. The Emperor at once, upon
receipt of this epistle, sent for Count de Morny, M. Billault, and one or two
others, and the result of the conference was the order given to the police to
arrest M. Mires. This was done the next day (Sunday), while the financier was at
dinner. Again did Prince Polignac seek the Emperor to plead for his
father-in-law; but in vain. His Majesty's answer was, ' Let him clear himself of
the charges made against him.'
"Great was the consternation on
Monday when it became known that Mires was in prison. Rumors, startling and many
of them unfounded, circulate, but no one can doubt that many, very many
personages of great distinction, are deeply compromised by the papers of Mires,
now being examined by the officers of the law. We have been startled by the
sudden death of M. de Richemont, collector of taxes in this city. He committed
suicide. It is alleged that he was to be arrested, and got wind of the fact, and
in his dismay committed the fatal act of taking his own life. Several arrests
have taken place; but as all is done in the greatest secrecy, it is almost
impossible to say who are those now in prison."
THE EMPRESS GOING TO JERUSALEM.
We read in the Levant Herald ; "
We have good reason to believe that a part, at least, of the object of Admiral
La Ronciere le Nourry's late visit to Constantinople had reference to the for
some time intended pilgrimage of the Empress of the French to Jerusalem. Her
Majesty is said to have had such a journey in view ever since the death of her
late sister, the Duchess d'Alba, and the official rumor now is, that her
intention is to be carried into effect before the French troops leave Syria. As
the Imperial voyage, however, can not be made till at least the end of March,
this fact is put forward as one reason for stretching the term fixed for General
Beaufort's departure by the Convention. On the other hand, our information is
that the Porte disposes of this insinuated necessity by the amplest offers of
escort and munificent care of her Majesty during her stay in its territory. It
is said that the Empress—like any other Helena—intends to commemorate her visit
to the Holy Places by the foundation either of an hospital or a church worthy of
Imperial France, and, in fact, to make a "progress" whose effects shall be at
once striking and durable. She will, it is said, replace the diamond star,
stolen—according to Consul Botta—by the orthodox Greeks from the Cave of the
Nativity at Bethlehem, by another of greatly superior value."
EXTRAVAGANCE IN LIVING.
The general extravagance just now
indulged in at Paris is thus pictured by the correspondent of the London Review:
" The other night at a ball-supper, which was served on massive silver-gilt
dishes and Sevres china, I heard a man say to the lady on his arm : ' What a
waste of truffles it is to stuff partridges with them !' to which in that sharp,
thin voice so peculiar to Parisiennes, she answered, ' I wish, for my part, they
would stuff them with truffles of gold! that would be worth being squeezed to
death for !'
'Des truffes d'or!' I shall not
easily forget the tone in which the wish was expressed. I looked back at the
speaker; she was a very young woman, extremely fair and gentle-looking, but
with, at the same time, a keen, sordid light in the eye that would frighten any
one who was not familiar with the race. The days, of Cleopatra are gone, and I
should like to see any one of her French descendants dissolving the pearl we
know of! Not one of them all would dissolve the pearl for the pleasure of waste,
but any of them would squander their own souls for its possession, if it were a
sufficiently fine one! Meanwhile gold is the order of the day; its acquisition
absorbs them morally, and its display spoils their taste. Furniture-dress—all is
overlaid with gold. What glitters is what is resorted to universally, and the
eye has nowhere whereon to rest."
DEATH OF SCRIBE.
From a paragraph in the Paris
Pays of February 21 we learn the circumstances attending the death of M. Scribe.
Le Pays says : " At the moment of our going to press we learn very sad news. M.
Eugene Scribe died yesterday at noon, in his carriage, of cerebral congestion."
We conclude from this that the distinguished personage in question died suddenly
PRINCE NAPOLEON'S JOURNEY
Prince Napoleon's journey to Italy has been deferred, the Emperor
having enjoined him to remain in Paris for the present, on the ground, as is
alleged, that the anti-clerical views of the Prince would give a rude impulse in
Italy to the question of the Pope's temporal sovereignty.
PROGRESS OF PROTESTANTISM AT
The ecclesiastical movement is
proceeding rapidly at Naples, and bids fair to form a prominent feature in the
history of the next few months. While the Cardinal Archbishop is dennuncing and
preaching against Padre Gavazzi, the Padre has opened a room in affectionate
proximity to the Nuncio, where, on Wednesdays and Fridays, he gives
controversial lectures, and on Sunday he preaches twice a day. Last Sunday
evening, among a great number of Italians, there were five priests present, who
applauded the Padre during a part of his discourse, the audience joining in the
demonstration, which Gavazzi immediately endeavored to check. One priest has
thrown aside his robes and declared himself a Protestant. The police have on
several occasions sent to warn the Padre that his life was in danger, but he
told them that it was their duty to protect him, and that he should persist in
doing what he considered his duty. Gavazzi has shown immense moral courage and
great self-denial in very straitened circumstances.