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Robert E. Lee Portrait
it could not know that they were coming. It only
knew that Virginia and Maryland swarmed with traitors. It knew that telegraphs
were destroyed and bridges burned, and the chronically riotous city of Baltimore
was mad with a rebellious riot. It knew and expected that at any moment a horde
of rebels might descend upon it, and that their coming would not be unwelcome to
many, if not a majority, of the population of the city.
It was under these circumstances that the
Secretary wrote to the Governor, and spoke him fair. The position was a very
hard one. It was not exactly a moment for bragging or defying. If he could have
known what we know, he might not have syllabled so silvery a reply. If he had
had an army of thirty thousand men about him, do you suppose he would have been
so gingerly gracious? It was not a heroic reply. It was not the kind of answer
that a commodore makes upon the deck of his ship, or a commander standing by his
flag in extremity. Yet it does not deserve the wholesale censure and contempt
which have been cast upon it. Remember that the Secretary until lately was
inclined to believe and say with Bulwer's Richelieu,
"Put away the sword,
States can be saved without it."
He has now learned that these States, at least,
can not be saved without it.
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
RETORT COURTEOUS. —A school-boy having
good-natured1y helped another in a difficult ciphering lesson, was angrily
questioned by the Dominie, "Why did you work his lesson ?"—"To ' lessen' his
work," replied the youngster.
In the Paris Court of Correctional Police,
recently, a lady, by no means young, advanced coquettishly to the witness stand
to give her testimony. "What is your name?"—" Virginia Loustatot."—" What is
your age ?"-"Twenty-five." (Exclamations of incredulity from the audience.) The
lady's evidence being taken, she regained her place, still coquettishly
bridling, and the next witness was introduced. This one was a full-grown young
man. "Your name?" said the judge.—" Isadore Loustatot."—"Your age?"—"
Twenty-seven years."—" Are you a relative of the last witness ?"—" I am her
son."—" Ah, well!" murmured the magistrate, " your mother must have married very
DR. PARR AT WHIST.-Dr. Parr had a high opinion of
his own skill at whist, and could not even patiently tolerate the want of it in
his partner. Being engaged with a party in which he was unequally matched, he
was asked by a lady how the fortune of the game turned, when he replied, "
Pretty well, Madam, considering that I have three adversaries."
"Father," said a lady of the new school to her
indulgent spouse, as he resumed his pipe after supper one evening, "you must buy
our dear Georgiana an English grammar and spelling-book; she has gone through
her French, Latin, and Greek, music, drawing, and dancing, and now she must
commence her English studies."
AN ANCESTOR OF GENTLE BLOOD.—At a time when
Curran was called before his college board for wearing a dirty shirt, "I
pleaded," said Curran, "inability to wear a clean one, and I told them the story
of poor Lord Avonmore, who was at that time the plain, untitled, struggling
Barry Yelverton. ‘I wish, mother,' said Barry, ' I had eleven shirts.'—' Eleven,
Barry ? why eleven?'—' Because, mother, I am of opinion that a gentleman, to be
comfortable, ought to have the dozen.' Poor Barry had but one, and I made the
precedent my justification."
"In what company is your life insured, Sir?"
asked a sprightly young miss.
" In the Hope."
"I prefer the Alliance," said she, blushing.
"Then we'll make a joint-stock operation, if you
choose," said the delighted old bachelor.
Pleasant enough was the magnanimity of the person
who, being reproached with not having avenged himself for a caning, said, "Sir,
I never meddle with what passes behind my back."
MUSICAL SNUFF-BOXES.—As musical snuff-boxes of
Switzerland play airs that are copyright, the singular idea has been come to to
prohibit them unless the author's rights are paid.
In most quarrels, there is a fault on both sides.
Both flint and steel are necessary to the production of a spark; either of them
may hammer on wood for ever, and no fire will follow.
A friend, in conversation with Rogers, said, "I
never put my razor in hot water, as I find it injures the temper of the
blade."—" No doubt of it," said the poet; "show me the blade that would not be
out of temper, if plunged into hot water."
"Here, John," said a gentleman to his servant on
horseback in the rear, " come forward, and just take hold of my horse while I
dismount, and after I am dismounted, John, you dismount too. Then, John, ungirth
the saddle of your horse and put it down; then also ungirth the saddle of my
horse and put it down. Afterward, John, take up the saddle of your horse, and
put and girth it on my horse. Next, John, take up the saddle of my horse, and
put and girth it on your horse. Then, John, I will seat myself in your saddle,
and we will resume our journey."—"Bless me, master," said the astonished
servant, " why couldn't you have simply said, Let's change saddles ?"
Love's sweetest meanings unspoken. The full heart
knows no rhetoric of words; it resorts to the pantomime of sighs and glances.
Joseph the Second of Austria was fond of
traveling incognito, and one day he reached a little inn on his route before his
retinue came up. Entering a retiring room he began shaving himself. The
inquisitorial landlord was anxious to know what post his guest held about the
person of the Emperor. "I shave him sometimes," was his majesty's reply.
The best government is that which teaches a man
to govern himself; the next best, that which teaches him how to govern his
family; the third, that which teaches him to govern a community.
When Voltaire was on his death-bed, many visitors
called —all of whom were denied entrance to his chamber. Among them was the Abbe
Chapeau, who came to offer the consolations of the Church. When his name was
announced by the servant, Voltaire said, "I came into the world bareheaded, and
I shall leave it without a chapeau !"
A Spanish proverb says : "Jews ruin themselves at
their Passover, Moors at their marriages, and Christians in their lawsuits."
One day, at a farm-house, a wag saw an old gobler
trying to eat the strings of some nightcaps that lay on the ground to bleach.
"That," said he, "is what I call introducing cotton into Turkey."
A gentleman was threatening to beat a dog who
barked intolerably. " Why," exclaimed a by-stander, "would you beat that poor
dumb animal for speaking out ?"
I say, Bill," asked an insulting fellow, why is
your hat like a giblet-pie ?" " Give it up." "Why, because there's a goose's
head in it."
Nothing is so fragile as thought in its
infancy—an interruption breaks it ; nothing is so powerful, even to the
overturning of mighty empires, when it reaches maturity.
A FALSE-HOOD.—On being shown a portrait of
himself, very unlike the original, Hood said that the artist had perpetrated a
Mr. A-, upon entering a certain book-shop,
of a young man in attendance if he had " Goldsmith's Greece" to sell. "No,
but we have some mighty good hair-oil," was the reply.
" Why did you retreat in the face of the enemy ?"
"You see, Sir, I have got a retreating nose, and of course I have to follow it."
It is a law among the Japanese that he who lends
them cash in this world will receive in the next world the capital and ten per
cent. at simple interest.
When the beautiful Duchess of Devonshire, and her
sister, Lady Duncannon, canvassed the electors of Westminster in behalf of Fox,
in 1784, it was wittily said, " Never did two such lovely portraits appear on
Of what nation are all
THE SAFETY OF WASHINGTON.
WASHINGTON is safe. Over 12,000 troops have
Annapolis from the North, including the New York 6th, 7th, 12th,
13th, 25th, 28th, and 71st Regiments; and it is stated that no more volunteers
will be ordered unless they are fully equipped for service. It would appear that
the preparations to receive the troops at Annapolis were very imperfect, and had
not the weather been very mild, they would have suffered much. As it was, a
thousand of them had to sleep in the open air on Friday night, and although
there is abundance of provisions the commissariat was so badly managed that some
of the troops were without food for twenty-four hours.
THE VIRGINIA ORDINANCE OF SECESSION.
This ordinance has been published, and reads as
THE SECESSION ORDINANCE.
AN ORDINANCE TO REPEAL THE RATIFICATION OF THE
CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA BY THE STATE OF VIRGINIA, AND TO
RESUME ALL THE RIGHTS AND POWERS GRANTED UNDER SAID CONSTITUTION.
The people of Virginia, in their ratification of
the Constitution of the United States of America, adopted by them in Convention
on the twenty-fifth day of June, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven
hundred and eighty-eight, having declared that the powers granted under the said
Constitution were derived from the people of the United States, and might be
resumed whensoever the same should be perverted to their injury and oppression;
and the Federal Government, having perverted said powers, not only to the injury
of the people of Virginia, but to the oppression of the
Now, therefore, we, the people of Virginia, do
declare and ordain that the ordinance adopted by the people of this State in
Convention, on the twenty-fifth day of June, eighty-eight, whereby the
Constitution of the United States of America was ratified, and all acts of the
General Assembly of this State, ratifying or adopting amendments to said
Constitution, are hereby repealed and abrogated; that the Union between the
State of Virginia and the other States under the Constitution aforesaid, is
hereby dissolved, and that the State of Virginia is in the full possession and
exercise of all the rights of sovereignty which belong and appertain to a free
and independent State. And they do further declare that the said Constitution of
the United States of America is no longer binding on any of the citizens of this
This ordinance shall take effect and be an act of
this day when ratified by a majority of the votes of the people of this State,
cast at a poll to be taken thereon on the fourth Thursday in May next, in
pursuance of a schedule to be hereafter enacted.
Done in Convention, in the city of Richmond, on
the 17th day of April, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and
sixty-one, and in the eighty-fifth year of the Commonwealth of Virginia.
JNO. L. EUBANK, Secretary of Convention.
VIRGINIA ENTERS THE JEFF DAVIS EMPIRE.
following ordinance has also appeared:
AN ORDINANCE FOR THE ADOPTION OF THE CONSTITUTION
OF THE PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT OF THE CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA.
We, the delegates of the people of Virginia, in
Convention assembled, solemnly impressed by the perils which surround the
Commonwealth, and appealing to the searcher of hearts for the rectitude of our
intentions in assuming the grave responsibility of this act, do, by this
ordinance, adopt and ratify the Constitution of the Provisional Government of
the Confederate States of America, ordained and established at Montgomery,
Alabama, on the eighth day of February, eighteen hundred and sixty-one ;
provided that this ordinance shall cease to have any legal operation or effect,
if the people of this Commonwealth, upon the vote directed to be taken on the
ordinance of secession passed by this Convention, on the 17th day of April,
eighteen hundred and sixty-one, shall reject the same. A true copy.
JNO. L. EUBANK, Secretary. A treaty, offensive
and defensive, between the Confederate States has also been made and published.
ANOTHER PROCLAMATION FROM THE PRESIDENT.
The following proclamation followed the secession
of Virginia :
By the President of the United States of America.
Whereas, for the reasons assigned in my proclamation of the 19th instant, a
blockade of the ports of the States of South Carolina, Georgia, Florida,
Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas was ordered to be established; and
whereas, since that date public property of the United States has been seized,
the collection of the revenue obstructed, and duly commissioned officers of the
United States, while engaged in executing the orders of their superiors, have
been arrested and held in custody as prisoners, or have been impeded in the
discharge of their official duties, without due legal process, by persons
claiming to act under authority of the States of Virginia and North Carolina. An
efficient blockade of the ports of these States will therefore also be
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand,
and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the City of
Washington, this 27th day of April, in
the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred
and sixty-one, and of the independence of the United States the
ABRAHAM LINCOLN. By the President.
WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State.
MORE MEN CALLED OUT.
That the Government is resolved to carry on the
war vigorously and to the bitter end, is evident from the fact that it has just
decided to receive, besides the 75,000 volunteers called for, 40,000 men to
serve for three years, 25,000 for five years, and 13,000 out of the regular army
to serve for five years, besides enrolling 18,000 sailors for the navy. An
additional call has been made upon Pennsylvania for twenty regiments of infantry
and one of cavalry, all of which have already been tendered to the Governor for
the service of the United States Government.
MARYLAND COMING TO HER SENSES.
that the Maryland Legislature, now in session at Frederick, decided, on 29th,
not to call a convention of the people on the question of secession, by a vote
of 53 yeas to 13 nays, and also resolved that the troops of the United States
Government shall be permitted to pass through the State. A great change in
public sentiment is reported to have occurred in Baltimore, which has been
manifested by an extensive display of the
Stars and Stripes in all quarters of
THE MARCH ON WASHINGTON.
A gentleman, who has just arrived at
Philadelphia, from Wilmington, North Carolina, having left there on Friday, and
who was at Richmond on Saturday, states that the people of North Carolina were
all up in arms, and were preparing to come North with several thousand troops
for the purpose, as Governor Ellis informed him, of making an attack upon
Washington. The day that he left Governor Ellis showed him a dispatch, which he
had just received from
Montgomery, stating that some five thousand troops were
on their way to join those of North Carolina, which were about to leave for
Richmond, and that it was the purpose of the Confederate government to make an
attack without a moment's delay; that if they were to attack it, it must be done
before the Federal Government had concentrated a large force at Washington.
FEDERAL PROPERTY SEIZED IN NORTH CAROLINA.
General Ransom, who has recently left North Carolina, reports that every Federal
post in that State has been taken. At Fayetteville Arsenal seventy thousand
stand of arms were captured, including twenty-eight thousand of the most
THE FIRST HERO OF THE WAR.
The Times says : "General Butler, by the
efficient manner in which he is conducting affairs at and near
between that point and Washington, is fast establishing an enviable reputation
for efficiency. The railroad is now fully in possession of the troops under his
command and the rails will not be allowed to be removed with impunity. The
Superintendent of the road was on Friday arrested for attempting it."
A STEAMER CUT OUT BY THE BOSTON BOYS.
night the Tenth Company of the
Eighth Massachusetts regiment, in a steam-tug,
cut out the receiving ship Alleghany in Baltimore harbor, and placed her under
the guns of
A NEW ARSENAL IN LIEU OF HARPER'S FERRY
The Government has decided to establish an
arsenal at once at Rock Island City, Illinois, in place of the
Arsenal just destroyed. Rock Island City stands on the banks of the Mississippi,
182 miles southwest of Chicago. It is situated at the foot of the Upper Rapids
which extend nearly fifteen miles, and in low stages of water obstruct the
passage of vessels drawing a heavy draft.
GENERAL CASS ON THE WAR.
At a meeting at Detroit the other day, General
Cass presided, and said : " You need no one to tell you what are the dangers of
your country, nor what are your duties to meet and avert them. There is but one
path for every true man to travel, and that is broad and plain. It will conduct
us, not, indeed, without trials and sufferings to peace and to the restoration
of the Union. He who is not for his country is against her. There is no neutral
position to be occupied. It is the duty of all zealously to support the
government in its efforts to bring this unhappy civil war to a speedy and
satisfactory conclusion, by the restoration, in its integrity, of that great
charter of freedom bequeathed to us by Washington and his compatriots."
General Harney, it is reported, has been released
from arrest by order of
General Lee, the commander of the Virginia forces.
A proposition to act as arbitrators in the
quarrel between the North and South has been made by Mr. C. J. Ingersoll, of
Philadelphia, to the five ex-presidents—Buchanan, Pierce, Fillmore, Tyler, and
BRITISH SYMPATHIZERS WITH REBELLION.
IN the House of Commons, on the 16th ult., Mr.
Gregory gave notice that he should defer his proposed notion for a speedy
recognition of the Southern Confederacy for two weeks.
GARIBALDI IN PARLIAMENT.
Garibaldi had taken his seat in the Italian
Parliament, and business was temporarily suspended by applause. The action of
the Ministry in disbandng the Southern army and the measures taken for its
reorganization were debated. Garibaldi made a speech so violent that it excited
tumult in the Chamber. He made offensive allusions to the Ministry, against
which Count Cavour protested. The President of the Chamber put on his hat, and
sitting was suspended for a brief interval. Garibaldi, in resuming, spoke with
more moderation. He defended his comrades in arms, and said the formation of
three divisions of volunteers, as decreed, was not sufficient for the national
General Bixio made a conciliatory speech.
Count Cavour said he accepted the mode of
conciliation. Garibaldi explained the several facts alluded to by Count Cavour,
and expressed his belief that Count Cavour loved Italy. He designated the French
army as the enemy of Italy, because it occupied Rome.
On the 19th. Garibaldi was again received in the
Chamber with loud applause.
A discussion took place on the organization of
The disturbances in Russia are spreading fast. In
Kiew, the capital of the district once bearing the distinctive name of the
Ukraine, a funeral service was celebrated on the 14th ult. for the Warsaw
victims, which led to a most serious disturbance and slaughter. A bloody
conflict is stated to have taken place between the inhabitants and the Russian
troops. A telegraphic dispatch states that the number of persons killed and
wounded amounted to one hundred and fifty.
Particulars are published of a destructive flood
which occurred on the Island of Java, between the 22d and 26th of February.
Upward of 2000 people are reported as drowned and an immense amount of property
OUR WAR ILLUSTRATIONS.
WE continue in this number the series of
illustrations of the pending War which have formed so conspicuous a feature in
Harper's Weekly for some months back.
Mr. Strother has sent us some sketches of the
Harper's Ferry affair. On page 292 we give a picture of the
GATHERING OF THE
VIRGINIANS for the attack on the Arsenal; and on the following page the
APPROACH, and the BURNING OF THE WORK-SHOPS. The following account is the
NARRATIVE OF AN EYE-WITNESS.
Harper's Ferry, which, eighteen months ago, was
the centre of public interest, has again become the scene of historic events of
more immediate political importance, but fortunately not of so tragic a
character as those of October, 1859.
On Thursday, the 18th instant, private orders
were brought from the authorities at Richmond commanding the seizure of the arms
and public works at Harper's Ferry. Immediately on receiving the notice the
Jefferson Battalion assembled at
Charlestown, the county seat, and marched to
the appointed rendezvous at
Halltown, a small village situated midway between
the Court House and Harper's Ferry, and about four miles from either point. Some
three thousand men had been notified of the movement; but owing to the
suddenness of the summons, and doubt as to its authenticity, only two hundred
and fifty were on the ground by eight o'clock in the evening. As prompt action
was deemed more important than numbers, Colonel Allen, who commanded the
Jefferson troops, gave the order to march as soon as it was quite dark. The
Infantry moved down the road in close column, followed by one piece of artillery
and a squad of the Faquier Cavalry, led by Captain Ashby, numbering about twenty
The troops marched in silence,
and about a mile from the starting-point the column was challenged by sentries
posted in the road. They halted, loaded with ball-cartridge, and advanced with
fixed bayonets until they reached the brow of the hill overlooking the town and
at the outskirts of the village of Bolivar. Here the advance was again
challenged, and the column halted. As these sentries were known to be employes of the armories,
and as it was thought probable from the temper manifested during the day that
the whole body of workmen had united with the Government troops, thus giving
them four hundred effective men, with full preparation and choice of position,
it was thought proper to send a flag into the town to ascertain how matters
stood. An influential gentleman accompanying the troops offered his services to
execute this delicate duty, and to dissuade the citizens, if possible, from
taking part in the contest. From after-knowledge it was ascertained that this
precaution was unnecessary, as the mass of the inhabitants were loyal to soil
where they lived, and such as might have entertained different sentiments were
silenced by the reports of the imposing force which was supposed to be at hand,
While the Virginia officers were in consultation
THE COCK AND THE OWL.—(A FABLE FOR THE TIMES.)
AN Irishman living in Ohio once challenged a
Western man to fight roosters. The birds were brought out, and Pat's was pretty
soon knocked off his pins. The Irishman concluded that his rooster's
unsteadiness on his legs arose from the narrowness of his feet; and purchasing a
duck, with webbed feet, challenged the Western man again. Again the Buckeye fowl
won the day, and with ease. Pat then said he had a bird at home that would beat
the Western game-sock, and offered to double the bets, provided the birds were
not allowed to see each other till the fight began. The money put up, on the day
fixed our friend Buckeye produced his rooster in splendid fighting condition.
Pat brought out an old heavy chicken-owl, who was of course blinded by the
light, and stood winking and stupidly twisting his head. The game-cock instantly
flew at him, and drew blood. The owl winked, and looked stupider than ever.
Again the rooster clashed in, and made a furrow in the owl's cheek. Again the
owl winked, and twisted his neck about, apparently trying to understand the
matter. A third time the game-cock flew at him, and slashed vigorously with beak
and spur. Just at that moment the owl happening to get the corner of one eye
open enough to see his little antagonist, he grinned, stretched forth one claw,
caught the game-cock by the neck, and ate him up on the spot.