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These days hang
so heavy with results that the man
who tries to turn the
mind of his audience away
from the great theme that enchains us all, under the plea
of diverting them, will find that his instinct has been at fault. Let him
play his tune in the key which circumstances have already set. Let him take his
text from the times, and improve it as a man and patriot and scholar should,
wisely, earnestly, and fearlessly. Treat men as cowards, and they are
so. Appeal to their
heroism, and they are heroic. An audience relishes wit, humor, rhetoric, even
fustian, upon occasion ; but if you
look at it closely the
greatest orations are those of
Demosthenes, and none are so simply
Probably neither Demosthenes nor Cicero, nor Chatham nor Mirabeau,
will lecture in our Lyceum this winter.
But though dead, they may yet speak in
the honesty and eloquence of
orators who know that a
nation of cowards is
already moribund. It
has been found necessary for the
public welfare in some instances
to suspend papers and restrict free speech. But in every case the papers
were those which, in the normal condition
of our system, had endeavored to
put down free speech by brute
mob law. A wise man would have been sure, at
any time during the last few years, that the papers which
so struck at that sacred right would instantly prove traitors in the hour
of national peril. There is no wonder that they have so proved: the
surprise is that we did not see it before.
Let that free speech be heard in the Lyceum this winter, used with a sacred
sense of its responsibility.
Let every word spoken be a blow
at the heart of treason, and
the cause of the country shown
to be what it
is, the cause of
mankind. Then they who speak will be justified in opening their
lips at this moment. For whoever, by a timely word, shows another man the
"the good old cause,"
fires his heart and nerves
his hand to strike for victory.
while journeying to
Got off at a depot to sup "railway porridge."
The latter was flat but the confab grew spicy:
First was Blunt, then was Beecher, and so "
varsy vice!" Says Beecher to Blunt, " Pray, George, how would you
Secessionists the wrong of their 'tare' and their
'tret?'" "Quite easy," quoth Blunt, for I'd send
you to preach
sermon at Fort Lafayette!"
("Ha, ha !" says the crowd at the humorous duel.) " Yet, hold,
that won't do, since 'twill be illegal," Adds Blunt; "for it would be
what General Siegel Inflicted on Price, Sir—a
"Quits! quits!" rejoins Beecher; "no more shall I carp,
name should be changed
George Blunt to Jake
A KICK IN
DIRECTION.-What is Italy to do
with his old Holiness the Pope ? Surely she has had enough
of him by this time. She will have no peace and quiet so long as he remains with
her. Now that quarter-day has come, she had better rid her house of him. The bad
he keeps is clearly quite enough of an excuse for getting
rid of him. We think the Boot of Italy could not well be put to any better use
than in kicking out his Holiness Pope Pius.
THE NATION THAT TURNS OUT MOST
NEGATIVES. — By the recent Census we are informed that in Paris there are no
less than 23,000 persons who get their living from photography and the
photographic process. An old fogey, who has never been able to get over his
stupid prejudices against the French, upon being told of the above fact,
exclaimed, in a tone of the greatest triumph, " Egad, it's just like 'em! I
always said those French fellows were the cleverest chaps in the world for
making faces !"
PAN, MOMUS, TOUCHSTONE AND CO.'S LIST OF
" The Fight over the Skein of Silk." By the Author of "The Mill on the Floss."
"Indolences of the Queen." By the Author of "Idylls of the King," etc.
"The Young Person in Pink." By the Author of "The Woman in White."
"The Tale of the Household." By the Author of " The Head of the Family."
"Wealth, Wife-Hunting, and Womancraft." By the Authoress of " Health, Husbandry,
and Handicraft." " Broil Buildings." By the Author of '' Gryll Grange," etc.
"Enormous Realizations." By the Author of "Great Expectations," and other works.
80 Fleet Street, E.C.
A WARNING TO SERVANT-MAIDS.
A certain young woman in service did dwell;
The place Wolverhampton, a true tale to tell.
She was standing, one Sunday, her master's door nigh, When lo and behold a young
workman came by!
He seemed a respectable sort of young man, Going after his beer, as he carried a
lie said unto her, "Why art
thou stickin' there?" She answered, To get just a breath o' fresh air."
So after some talking and chaffing about,
She invited him in while her master was out. How many there is as will open the
door To them as they never set eyes on before!
Down they went to the kitchen together straightway; And he for himself had got
so much to say,
That, to his persuasion inclining her ear,
She filled up his can with her master's own beer.
Thereafter he kissed her, which she did return; And he swore what was his'n
should also be her'n. Whereupon he prevailed of her desk to get hold, Containing
two pound half a severing in gold.
He asked her to lend it; she answered him, "No!" To which he remarked, "You'll
be forced to do so." Then her money he boned and her salts-bottle too; Which
having accomplished, he bade her adieu.
Upon the next Tuesday she met him again,
And axed him to give back her property in vain. He told her 'twas spent; she
would see it no more: No doubt he'd served others the same way before.
So thinking it wisest to make a clean breast,
On her master's return the girl went and confessed: He, missing his German pipe,
found, to his grief, The same had been likewise purloined by the thief.
Him, being detected, they had up in Court, Of her, as a witness, the lawyers
made sport: As she was required to appear 'gainst the rogue With whom she was
foolish enough to collogue.
Now all you young women whose masters is out, Don't let in the first young man
For fear it should bring you to shame and disgrace, And lose you your money, and
likewise your place.
GOLDEN SANDS IN TIME'S HOUR-GLASS.—A
minded lady (a very light "blue") was asked what an "Educational Minute" was
like? when she replied, "I
have not the smallest notion, my dear, but I conjecture that every ' Hour of
Progress' must be composed of nothing but Educational Minutes."
ADVICE TO MATCH-MAKING
MAMMAS.—The first and only thing requisite is simply, as Mrs. Glass very wisely
says, "First catch your Heir."
NURSERY RHYMES FOR YOUNG AMERICA.
He's a good boysey-poysey, A pity he is so noisy;
But turbulent tongues
Show capital lungs,
So crow along, boysey-poysey.
There was a boy of thriftiness who, being wondrous wise, Put money in the
savings bank—a post-office he tries—And when he found his cash was gone, with
all his might
He went and wrote another form and took it out again.
does a certain eminent
novelist dislike Quakers?—Because he objects to any one
taking off his style.
is one stall of a two-stall
stable like a pretty girl!—Because it is very seldom let alone.
The late Mr. Pat Lalor, who sat in Parliament for a short time as M.P. for an
Irish county, was as inveterate a joker as ever took his seat in the House of
Commons. When a new Parliament was elected, Mr. Pease, the Quaker, and the late
Mr. Edward Baines were among the recent additions to St. Stephens. " Bedad,"
whispered honest Pat, in his conic brogue, to a friend on his right,
" here's the agricultural interest has sent us up some new members—in the
shape of Pays and Banes."
The late Mr. Nicholas Aylward Vigors, some time M.P.
for Carlow, was an F.R.S. and an eminent naturalist, and for many years
honorary secretary of the Zoological Society. Some five-and-twenty years ago he
was ejected from the representation
of that constituency by Colonel Bruen. It is related in Dr. Doyle's
memoirs that a common friend
propos of the circumstance,
that Vigors need not have gone very far from his favorite Zoological
Gardens in the Regent's Park to see Bruin at the top of the pole.
James Smith (" Rejected Addresses") gave the following
reason for the election of Gully, the boxer, for
Ponte-fract: "You ask me the
cause that made Pontefract sully Her fame by returning to Parliament Gully? The
etymological cause, I suppose, is
breaking the bridges of so many noses."
If you use a fire-arm, take care that in shooting off your arm
you don't shoot off your hand.
DO YOU GIVE IT
Why are the bars of a convent like a blacksmith's apron?
Because they keep off the sparks.
Why should a quill pen never be used for inditing secret
Because it is apt to split.
When may money be said to be damp?
When it is due (dew) in the morning, and missed (mist)
in the evening.
When is love deformed?
When it is all on one side.
My first is on the threshold of a door;
My second an article of food;
My third what none can do without;
My whole one of the United States? Mat-rye-money
Why is conscience like the check-string in a carriage?
Because it is an inward pull on the outward man.
Why is a short man kissing a tall woman like an Irish-man going up Vesuvius?
He is trying to get to the mouth of
the crater (creature).
Why is a four-quart measure like a side-saddle?
Because it holds a gal on (a gallon).
Why is a cross old bachelor like a poem on marriage?
Because he is averse (a verse) to matrimony.
THE ENEMY RETIRING.
received on 18th that the entire rebel
force lately stationed at Leesburg had been withdrawn, even to the scouts and
pickets, and on Thursday night their pickets were withdrawn from Vienna and in
front of Fairfax Court House. A
balloon reconnaissance on 18th discovered no
rebels any where this side of Fairfax, and but few there. The disposition of
their line is believed to be with the right resting on the Potomac at Aquia
Creek, and the left on the Blue Ridge.
A reconnaissance was made on 20th by a force of 2500 men from General Smith's
division, with some of Mott's and Ayres's batteries, as far as Flint Hill, two
and a half miles at this side of Fairfax Court House, where they found the rebel
pickets in very large force, leading to the belief that the main body of their
reserve was close by.
General McClellan, together with
Generals Porter, Smith,
Hancock, accompanied the expedition, which proceeded as far as Vienna and a
few miles to the right of that town, on the Leesburg turnpike, without
discovering any signs of the enemy in that quarter.
The Potomac appears at last to have been effectually closed by the rebels. The
Mount Vernon, which arrived at
Washington from below on Wednesday night,
reports that thirty or forty vessels with Government stores, besides
merchant vessels with coal, oysters, and other articles, were lying at Smith's
Point. Some twenty shots were fired at the
Mount Vernon from the batteries at and near Shipping Point, but none of
them struck her. The
Pawnee and several other vessels were also fired at. There are three
batteries in that locality, mounting about thirteen guns, and another has been
discovered on Quantico Hill, a short distance above. It is supposed that there
is still another at the mouth of Quantico Creek. Almost every vessel which
passes those batteries is now fired upon, and the
Pawnee was struck six times yesterday morning in passing up.
On Thursday night the Government steamboat
Leon, having the sloop
Granite in tow, passed the
batteries in safety, and
Washington Navy-yard. The tug-boats Murray and Pusey also brought up
two schooners filled with Government stores, and escaped undamaged, although
fired on from different points.
The rebels were on Friday reported to have stretched a chain across the channel
at Pasawamsic Creek, or placed some
other temporary obstruction there, as when the Resolute, with the
schooners Fairfax and Lady Ann in tow, passed up on Saturday, the Fairfax broke
loose and drifted toward the shore, when the rebels in boats started out and
captured her, the Resolute at the same time being fired upon by the shore
battery, and being unable to render any assistance to the Fairfax, which was
heavily loaded with hay. The Resolute finally proceeded, with the
other schooner, after remaining as a target for the batteries
for upward of an hour, during which time about a hundred and fifty shot
and shell were fired at her. She, as well as the Lady Ann, was struck several
times, but no one on board was injured. It is difficult to imagine how a chain
of sufficient strength to stop the progress of a steamer could be stretched
across the river without the knowledge of some one of the flotilla. On Sunday
the rebels allowed some forty-one vessels to pass up, only one of which they
THE ARREST OF BRITISH SUBJECTS.
A very important correspondence relative to the arrest —under the suspension of
the habeas corpus—of British subjects, has just taken place between
and Mr. Seward in reference to the case of a Mr. Patrick, of New York, and a Mr.
Rahming, who had arrived here from Nassau. Both these parties were sent to Fort
Lafayette, but the former was subsequently released. Lord
Lyons takes the ground that the Constitution of the United
States does not sanction what he calls the arbitrary arrest of British
subjects except authorized by act of Congress,
and he remonstrates in the name of his Government against the "irregular
proceedings" adopted in these cases, under advice from the legal advisers of her
MR. SEWARD'S REPLY.
Mr. Seward replies that the proceedings of which the British Government complain
with regard to these gentlemen were taken upon information conveyed to the
President by the legal police authorities of the country, and they were not
instituted until after he had suspended the habeas corpus writ, in just the same
extent that, in view of the perils of the State, he deemed necessary. For the
exercise of that discretion he, as well as his chief advisers, is
responsible by law before the highest judicial tribunal of the republic, and
amenable also to the judgment of his countrymen and the enlightened portion of
the civilized world. Mr. Seward further reminds Lord Lyons that, although the
United States Government does not question the learning of the legal advisers of
the British Crown, or the justice of the deference which her Majesty pays to
them, nevertheless, the British Government will hardly expect that the President
will accept their explanations of the Constitution of the United States,
especially when the Constitution
thus expounded would leave upon him the
sole executive responsibility of suppressing the existing insurrection,
while it would transfer to Congress the most
material and indispensable power to be employed for that purpose. And
furthermore, that the President must be allowed to prefer to be governed by the
organic national law, which, while it will enable him to exercise his great
trust with complete success, receives the sanction of the
highest authorities of our own country, and is sustained by the general
consent of the people, for whom alone that Constitution was established.
FOREIGNERS HAVE NO MORE RIGHTS THAN
Mr. Seward states that at the time of the arrest of Messrs. Patrick and Rahming
it was not known that they were British subjects; but he infers that the
knowledge of that fact would have made no difference in the matter, when he says
that "the safety of the whole people has become,
in the present emergency, the supreme law, and so
long as the danger shall exist to all classes of society equally, the
denizen and the citizen must cheerfully acquiesce in the measures which that law
THE BELLIGERENTS IN MISSOURI.
General Price is said to have been reinforced by a large
body of rebels under
Ben McCulloch, and their combined
forces are said to be at Osceola, which they have fortified, and where
they are awaiting the approach of
General Fremont, who, at last accounts (Friday
night), was at Warsaw engaged in
crossing the Osage River, over which
General Siegel's division had
RECAPTURE OF LEXINGTON.
On 16th October Major White, of the First Missouri Regiment, with one hundred
and fifty of his men, surprised the rebel garrison at Lexington, and recaptured
the place and all the sick and wounded Union prisoners. Major White also
captured two cannon, a quantity of guns, pistols, and other articles which the
rebels in their flight threw away.
THE FIGHT AT BOLIVAR.
Early in the morning of the 16th the rebels showed themselves
on Bolivar Heights, overlooking the ferry, and commenced an attack with ordnance
upon three companies of the Thirteenth Massachusetts, under Major Gould,
stationed on the north side of the river. The firing was kept up for about three
hours, when three companies of the Third Wisconsin crossed the river, charged
upon the enemy, and succeeded in capturing one of their cannon. They
subsequently retreated in good order to the river, where they were reinforced by
three companies of the Twenty-eighth Pennsylvania, and, under command of Colonel
Geary, charged again upon the enemy, driving them from their position, and
cannon—a 32-pounder Columbiad—with which they returned across
the river. Our forces had but three pieces of artillery, served on the north
side of the river, while the enemy had seven pieces, together with a force of
infantry and five hundred cavalry. They were completely routed, and driven back
some three miles. Our loss was about seven killed and wounded, while that of the
enemy was not less than one hundred and fifty, including Colonel Ashby, who was
Parties who arrived at Baltimore on 18th from
Harper's Ferry report that the
rebels had renewed their attack on the Union forces under Major Gould, on Linden
and Bolivar Heights, and that the fight was still going on. Major Gould felt
confident that he could maintain his ground until reinforcements arrived.
Information reached us last week from rebel sources—the Norfolk Examiner—of a
naval combat between the rebel
New Orleans, under command of Captain Hollins, on Friday,
11th, and the United States blockading squadron, in which Captain Hollins claims
that he had dispersed and drove
ashore the vessels of the squadron, and sunk the sloop of war Preble with
his iron-clad vessel. Captain Hollins describes the affair in an official
dispatch, and reports that the fight lasted an hour, that he drove all the
United States vessels ashore, and "peppered them well."
The Petersburg (Virginia) Express publishes Captain
Hollins's official dispatch, and then proceeds to give details
of the action. It asserts that the rebel iron gun-boat Turtle
ran against the Preble and sunk her without firing a gun.
The shots from the National vessels are said to have done no injury to
her iron-cased sides. She then turned on the other two vessels, and they, in
their efforts to get away, went aground. The Preble, it is said, can not be
raised. According to the Express a large quantity of prisoners, arms, and
ammunition were taken by the Confederates. New Orleans was illuminated on the
night of the 14th in honor of the presumed victory.
ESCAPE OF THE "NASHVILLE."
steamship Nashville is reported to have run the
blockade at Charleston and sailed for Europe, with
James M. Mason, of
Virginia, Confederate Commissioner to England, and
John Slidell, of Louisiana,
Commissioner to France, on board. She is commanded by Robert P. Pegram, who was
a lieutenant in the United States naval service, which he entered in 1829. The
Nashville is a side-wheel steamer,
1220 tons burden, and was built in this city in 1853. She is entirely
Charleston. Government dispatched three fast gun-boats in chase of her
Per contra, it is stated in the Richmond Enquirer of
the 15th inst. that Messrs. Slidell and Mason did not leave Charleston in
the Nashville, and that that steamer is still in the port of Charleston.
AN INTERCHANGE OF PRISONERS.
Government has at last virtually, though not directly, consented to an exchange
of prisoners. Fifty-seven of the rebels, in custody at Washington and in this
harbor—a number corresponding with
the number of those lately released at Richmond on parole, and sent home under a
flag of truce by way of Fortress Monroe—have been released, on taking the
oath of allegiance, or giving their parole not to take up arms again against the
Government. The proportion to be released at Washington was designated by
the Government; those released here were selected by the officer
commanding the post.
IMPORTANT ORDER TO GENERAL FREMONT.
The Secretary of War has issued an important order,
addressed to Major-General Fremont, on matters connected
with that officer's command in the Department of the West. In the first
place, all contracts are to be made by disbursing officers, and are not to be
transferred to irresponsible
agents, or to those who do not hold commissions from the President, and
are not under bonds. In the next place,
the Secretary orders the erection of field-works around St. Louis and
Jefferson City to be discontinued. The erection of barracks in the former city
is also to be discontinued. The attention of General Fremont is further directed
to the report that troops of General Lane's command have
been committing depredations upon Union people in Western Missouri.
OUR SEA-COAST DEFENSES.
Secretary Seward has addressed a circular to Governor Morgan, and the other
Governors of States on the seaboard,
recommending that the State authorities take measures to perfect the
fortifications and other harbor defenses —the expense to be reimbursed by
the General Government at some future period.
A TELEGRAPH TO SALT LAKE CITY.
A telegraphic dispatch, sent on 18th from Great Salt Lake City, the capital of
the Territory of Utah, was published in the papers of 10th as received from
Brigham Young by Hon. J. H. Wade, President of the Pacific Telegraph Company, in
Cleveland. The great Apostle of the
" Saints" announces the important fact that Utah has not seceded, but is
firm for the Constitution and the laws.
CONSIDERABLE agitation existed in some of the Paris
faubourgs on account of the high price of bread. Seditious placards were numerous, and
some arrests had been made. Forty thousand workmen are stated to be out of employment in Lyons, and the
authorities were taking measures
to provide for them. The Paris money market was in a
very uncertain state. A protracted Cabinet Council had
been held, at which the Emperor presided, and at which
grain and bread furnished the
principal topics of discussion.
PRINCE NAPOLEON'S REPORT ON THIS COUNTRY. Prince Napoleon, at present on a tour
of observation in this country, is said to have transmitted to the French
Emperor an important State paper relating to American
affairs. The character of the paper is at present unknown.
MOVEMENTS OF NOTABLES.
The King of Prussia has paid a two days' visit to Napoleon at Compeigne. The
meeting is said to have been cordial. The King of Holland was expected in France
on the 11th of October. Garibaldi has left Caprera, but his destination is
THE ITALIAN QUESTION.
From Italy we have the assurance that the relations Of
the Italian and French Governments are as satisfactory as possible, and
that the delay in the settlement of the Roman
question is not in consequence of any desire on the
part of France for a cession of Italian territory. The Pope,
at a recent Consistory, is said to have denounced compromise in the
BRITISH LION SHOWS HIS
SECRETARY SEWARD LOOKS UP HIS