Bombardment of Galveston


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Civil War Harper's Weekly, September 7, 1861

This 1861 Harper's Weekly newspaper has a variety of important content on the Civil War. The cover has a nice illustration of a Southern Belle. The paper has a story on Ben McCulloch, and a map of the Civil War. The paper also has a nice picture of Winchester, Virginia, and Fort Lafayette.

(Scroll Down to see full page, or Newspaper Thumbnails will take you to the page of interest.)


Southern Belle

Southern Belle


Political Catechism


Galveston Bombardment



McCullock and Siegel

Ben McCulloch



Loudon on the Potomac

Loudon Heights

Ben McCulloch

Ben McCulloch Biography

War in the West

Map of the Civil War in the West

Ft. Layafette

Fort Lafayette in New York Harbor


Winchester, VA

Zouaves New York

Second New York Fire Zouaves

Napoleon and Clotilde

Prince Napoleon

Cartoons of War

War Cartoons









SEPTEMBER 7, 1861.]



(Previous Page) and dangerous points, instead of being virtually relinquished there ?

Why are women, notorious agents of treason, openly countenanced, socially, by high officers of the Government?

Why, when loyal citizens are imprisoned at Richmond, are men taken in arms against the United States feasted and allowed honorably to go at large upon a foolish promise of doing so no more ?

Why, in general, after four mouths of open, active, desperate war, following months and years of careful hostile preparation, does the Administration seem so slowly to open its eyes and so reluctantly believe in battle ?

Such questions are asked by thousands in no captious or disloyal spirit, and with the fullest allowance for all the difficulties with which the Administration has been forced to contend. They are asked too by those who see that the movement of the Administration is constantly forward. It has not gone backward—but it has not gone forward fast enough. At such a time it should lead, not follow, the popular feeling ; and that very leading would deepen and strengthen the popular faith. The people naturally expect that every power necessary to preserve the existence of their Government will be assumed ; and they stand ready in Congress to justify and approve the assumption. A bill of indemnity or a bill of impeachment, as Senator Sherman says, confronts the Administration in the exercise of every strong measure necessary to the great end. But it need have no fear that any vigor will be censured. It should rather ask itself what will confront it if it hesitates and delays and incessantly tries half measures.


THERE has been some surprise and regret expressed that several of our surgeons who were captured at Bull Run should have given their word not to take up arms against the conspiracy. The regret is that they have so far recognized the rebellion.

The truth of the matter is, that they were taken while in attendance upon our wounded, and they were told that they could not return to Sudbury church to continue their duties unless they gave their word not to serve again upon our side. They had, therefore, to decide whether they would abandon our wounded soldiers to die uncared for. And as they had gone upon the field especially to take care of them, the surgeons are surely not to be very sharply censured for their conduct. It is not a course which loses us their services, for they may go upon duty in our forts and camps. Nor does it materially strengthen the conspiracy ; for their word merely implies that there was a force sufficient to constrain their action. It concedes nothing to the rightfulness of the force.


WHEN the Whisky Insurrection broke out in the eastern counties of Pennsylvania in 1794, Washington said: " If the laws are to be so trampled upon with impunity, and a minority, a small one too, is to dictate to the majority, there is an end put at one stroke to republican government."

civil war by making resistance desperate."

Every thing that Washington said at that period is of the most singular interest to us now. In writing of the soldiers to Governor Lee he speaks of "the enlightened and patriotic zeal for the Constitution and the laws, which had led them cheerfully to quit their families, homes, and the comforts of a private life, to undertake, and thus far to perform, a long and fatiguing march, and to encounter and endure the hardships and privations of a military life. No citizen of the United States can ever be engaged in a service more important to their country. It is nothing less than to consolidate and preserve the blessings of that revolution which, at much expense of blood and treasure, constituted us a free and independent nation."

When the disturbance was quelled, he said : '' It has afforded an occasion for the people of this country to show their abhorrence of the result, and their attachment to the Constitution and the laws; for I believe that five times the number of militia that was required would have come forward, if it had been necessary, in support of them."

General Robert Lee, now in arms against that same Constitution and those laws. Where does General Lee suppose that Washington, were he now living, would be found ? Would he stand side by side with the Virginian Lee, who strikes at the heart of his country ; or shoulder to shoulder with the Virginian Scott, whose latest years are bright with the sacred light of patriotism?


THE Richmond Enquirer, in speaking of the capture by the rebels of Colonel E. C. Carrington, a Virginian, who fought gallantly for his country at

Manassas, says : " His eloquence and his arms have proved alike futile against his mother State. He has disgraced himself, not her."

When the first Continental Congress met in Philadelphia, Patrick Henry, says Irving, scouted the idea of sectional distinctions. " All America," said he, " is thrown into one mass. Where are your landmarks, your boundaries of colonies ? They are all thrown down. The distinction between Virginians, Pennsylvanians, New Yorkers, and New Englanders is no more. I am not a Virginian, but an American."

So said the great Virginian patriot, long before the union that formally merged Virginians and New Yorkers in Americans. So says every patriot now, pledging, as he did, life and fortune and sacred honor in the same great cause of free, popular, constitutional government.




Ah ! 'ave a you eerd ze news wheech 'ave occur joust now? Monsignor de Merode wiz Goyon 'axe von row.

Ze General demand, and Monsignor deny,

Surrender of Zouave for some offense to try.

To General Goyon, of Monsignor Merode,

Ze ansare, in Inglees exprased, vas " You be blowed; I vill a not giv op ze unfortunate to you :

Your mastere ees von rhog, von ombog, and von doo !"

Ze General Goyon, to hear zis bad language

Spoke of Napoleon, flew into von great rage;

"Ana !" he cry, "ze coat protects you what you wears, Else I wode give you two great boxes on ze ears.

" Take off your priestly robbs which keeps your shoulders warm,

And I of General will change ze uniform

Zat now on your honneur I 'ave inflicted stain,

I may you render satisfaction on ze plain."

Monsignor de Merode replied, "You'll me excuse; Ze offer to accept, for why I most refuse." "Monsignor de Merode," say General Goyon, " To me it plain appears zat you are von poltron.

"Ze boxes of your ears vat causes you no pain, Since as you zem accept zey morally remain, Behold, you see ze tip of zis extended toe; Conceive zat you arrest ze kick I make just so!"

Monsignor de Merode did zereupon retreat,

Like von small dog wiz tail between his hinder feet, Ze soldier of him claimed surrender by-and-by, And seat him down to eat von plate of omble pie.


A MAN OF HIGH FAMILY.—It is not generally known that M. Blondin is connected with one of the most illustrious families of the English Peerage. The great funambulist is confidently asserted to be a scion of the House of Somerset.

A WOMAN TO BE ENVIED-The wife of a poor Curate writes, sighingly, as follows : " I see that the Sultan is always appearing in public with a new Hatt. I wonder if the Sultana exercises the same privilege, and can come out as often as she likes with a new Bonnet."

ADVICE THAT NEVER WILL BE FOLLOWED.—A woman should never marry. Previous to marriage, she is an Angel ; whereas after marriage, she is nothing more than a Woman!—One who admires Women far too generally ever to give a selfish preference to One.

VERY SHOOTABLE.—A new journal is announced, to be entitled The Quiver. We understand that a leading feature in it will be an 'arrowing tale called The Beau.

ADVICE TO THE INTEMPERATE.—If you will "drink like a fish," let it be then like the gold fish, whose entire globe contains nothing but water.

STYLE!—What every coxcomb fancies he has attached to his gait. A Methodist preacher, whose hearers were in the habit of going to sleep over his preachings, bought a tin whistle, and one Sunday, when he saw a goodly number under the somnolescent influence, he drew forth his whistle and blew a shrill shriek. In an instant the whole congregation was awake and upon their feet, staring at the minister, at each other, and wondering what in the name of human nature is to come next. " You're a set of smart specimens of humanity, ain't you?" said the divine whistler, as he slowly gazed around on the astonished assemblage. "When I preach the Gospel to you, you all go to sleep; but the moment I go to playing the devil you're all wide awake, up and a coming, like a rush of hornets with a pole in their nest."

A SAYING AT FAULT.—When people say " Necessity has no law," they must surely forget the Poor-law.

A genuine Jonathan, sojourning on the banks of Lough Neagh, says, in proof of the petrifying property of its waters, that an old fisherman in that neighborhood, known by the sobriquet of Hugo Trout, has immersed his legs so long and so often in the lake that they have petrified, and he now always hones his razors upon what used to be his shin bones.

Most men have in their souls no locomotives strong enough to draw a train of thought.

"I'll neither tell my age for the census or the sovereign," said cook, most resolutely, to her master, who was preparing for the enumerator. "Very well, then, I'll put you down sixty-five," was the cool reply. " Upon my honor, Sir, I was only fifty-nine last birthday," said cook.

The storms of adversity are wholesome, though, like snow-storms, their drifts are not always seen.

A MODEL OFFICER.—A certain militia captain commanded the — company, and on one occasion, while drilling this limb of the nation's bulwark in the art of " grim-visaged war," the citizen soldiers having got into an inextricable snarl, it was found necessary to stop the beating of the drum. Instead of the usual phrase, " Halt," our commander bawled out, somewhat pettishly, " Stop that drumming!" Not understanding this order, the musician continued to perform his "paddediddles" and "flammediddles" with as much vigor as ever. "Stop that drumming!" shouted our hero a second time; but the unconscious drummer, with head erect and foot on the move, still went on. The indignant captain could bear it no longer ; marching directly up to the musician, he drew his" battle blade" with a flourish, and plunged it through both heads of the instrument, exclaiming, in a voice of thunder, "There, confound you, now rub-a-dub if you can!"

" Ma, get down on your hands and knees a minute, please." "What on earth shall I do that for, pet ?" "'Cause I want to draw an elephant."

A gentleman said to his wife, a few evenings since, as they were talking over the war, " The measles—why that is a most unmilitary disease for troops to be sick with." "Why," she replied, "it is a very common sickness with the infantry"

" Bob, how is your sweet-heart getting along?" "Pretty well; she says I needn't call any more."



THE New York Times says : " There appears to be little doubt that the rebel Army at Manassas and in that vicinity is now made more numerous than it has ever been before, whatever its appointments may be. Immediately after the Bull Run battle, the rebel leaders made extraordinary exertions to concentrate troops in Virginia, in anticipation of another and more formidable demonstration by the National Army, and the result, it is understood, has been the transfer of large forces from Tennessee, which had been held there for the defense of the Mississippi, together with all that could be spared from the Cotton States, including a portion of Bragg's command at Pensacola. In addition to all this the work of improvement—for it can be called nothing else—has been steadily going on in Virginia. The Maryland side of the Potomac is now filled with refugees from Loudon and other counties, who have fled to avoid this impressment, in some instances driving over their stock to save it from the marauders, and in others leaving every thing behind, glad even to escape with their lives."


Washington, the Baltimore Police Commissioners, and numerous others now held in durance at Fort Lafayette, and two or three ladies in Washington have also been placed under arrest upon charges of communicating with the rebels. Among them are the wife of Senator Gwin, Mrs. Greenough, and Mrs. Phillips, wife of an ex-member of Congress from Alabama, and her two daughters. The houses of these ladies have been surrounded by a strong military guard, and the inmates held in close custody.


We learn that the Union men in the southwestern part of Missouri are greatly harassed by the rebel forces, thousands of them being compelled to abandon their homes. About ten thousand of General McCulloch's army are marching, northward, an advance-guard having reached as far as Lebanon on the road to Rolla.


Active military operations continue in Missouri. We learn from Cairo that a battle took place on Monday night at twelve o'clock at Charleston, between the Union force, about 250 strong, consisting of the Twenty-second Illinois Regiment, under command of Colonel Dougherty, accompanied by Lieutenant-Colonel Ransom, of the Eleventh Illinois Regiment. The rebel force was estimated at 600 to 700 men, and commanded by Colonel Hunter, of Jeff Thompson's army. The Union force was victorious, completely routing the rebels, killing forty and taking seventeen prisoners.

Captain Haleman, with fifty mounted men, left Bird's Point at about six o'clock the same evening for Charleston, to join the forces under Colonel Dougherty, but failed to form a junction with them. They met a party of rebels about one hundred strong, and gave them battle, killing two and taking thirty-three prisoners; they also captured thirty-five horses, without the loss of a man.


The following proclamation has been issued by Governor Gamble:

" Whereas the power of the civil authority is insufficient to protect the lives and property of the citizens of the State, I, Hamilton R. Gamble, Governor of Missouri, do hereby call into the active service of the State forty-two thousand men of the militia of the State, assigning six thousand as the quota to each military district, which is the same as a Congressional district. The force thus called into service will be, as far as possible, a volunteer force, and will consist of ten thousand cavalry and thirty-two thousand infantry. If the number of volunteers should exceed this requisition the excess will be held as a reserve corps. If there should be a deficiency it may become necessary to resort to a draft. The Adjutant-General will issue to the Division Inspectors of the several military districts the orders necessary to carry into effect this requisition. The force called out will be for six months, unless peace in the State shall be sooner restored. Arms will be furnished as rapidly as they can be had.

"Given under my hand and seal of the State, at Jefferson City, this 24th day of August, in the year 1861. "By the Governor,   H. R. GAMBLE.

"M. OLIVER, Secretary of State."


The investigation of the Potter Committee, it is said, has resulted in reporting fully two hundred employees in the several departments at Washington as persons who can not be relied upon as loyal to the Government.


The State of New York has adopted a policy which it would be well for other States to follow. An order has been issued from head-quarters at Albany, giving a bounty of two dollars a man to any person who may bring in a company of thirty-two volunteers to the service of the Government.


Last week, at Philadelphia, the Marshal seized and stopped the circulation of the New York News and the Christian Observer. The former sheet depends chiefly on its Southern patrons for its support, and the suppression of its issue in that direction must affect it seriously. At Allentown, Pennsylvania, the sheriff has found it necessary to call out a guard to protect two disunion papers from the assaults of the indignant people.

The Westchester (Pennsylvania) Jeffersonian has been taken possession of by the crowd, who detest its secession proclivities. The Starke County (Ohio) Democrat has been destroyed on account of its hostile sentiments toward the Government.

On 24th orders were received at the Post-Office here forbidding the transmission of the Journal of Commerce, the Daily News, the Day-Book, and the Brooklyn Eagle through the mails of the United States. News-dealers will not send them with other dailies, and the Marshals seize them wherever found. The Alleghanian, a Western Virginian secession sheet, was extinguished on Thursday night, in revenge for an attack upon a meeting at which Governor Thomas was speaking. The Bridgeport Farmer was utterly destroyed on Friday by a party of returned volunteers. This paper was the most abusive of any of its kind in the Northern States. The True American at Trenton, New Jersey, has succumbed to popular opinion and suspended publication, remarking that as it can not be circulated, it might as well save the expense of printing. The press fever has also broken out in Wilmington, Delaware, where, one night last week, the Gazette office was beset by an excited crowd, in consequence of certain remarks about the Delaware soldiers.


The members of the Convention of Western Virginia, in session at Wheeling, do not seem disposed to follow the advice of Attorney-General Bates, but have decided to establish a new State. Their action is to be submitted to the people at the election of Delegates to a Constitutional Convention, and may be reversed. The boundaries of the new State, to be called Kanawha, may be enlarged by permitting certain adjoining counties to come in if they should desire to do so.


The city of Galveston, Texas, was subjected to a pretty severe bombardment by the United States war vessels South Carolina and Dart, on Monday, the 5th instant. They continued to throw shells into the city for half an hour, doing considerable damage. The batteries on shore responded, and it was thought that the South Carolina had received some hurt, as it was observed that she was undergoing repairs after the fight was over. The citizens of Galveston sent a protest on board, under a flag of truce, against the alleged violation of the rules of war in shelling the city without giving notice to remove the women and children. These facts we learn from Southern sources.


Letters from Curacoa, concerning the pirate Sumter, state that this craft was refused admittance to the port of Cienfuegos, and was compelled to anchor below the fort,

at the entrance. Her six prizes, however, went inside. The Sumter shortly after was taken with an apprehension that a National war vessel was in pursuit of her; she accordingly retired precipitately, leaving her prizes in the harbor. She subsequently captured two American vessels, loaded with provisions. On the 2d inst., she was in the vicinity of Maturin, on the coast of Venezuela. The Governor of Curacoa had said that, if the pirate desired again to enter that harbor, it would not be allowed to do so. This decision should have been made earlier.


A correspondent at Ponce, Porto Rico, gives a full report of the arrival of the privateer Jeff Davis in that port. She mounted five guns and had sixty men on board. Ten men were sent ashore for provisions, but they not being allowed to land, the privateer was compelled to go in under the twenty-four hours' neutrality rule of the Queen of Spain. The Captain General sent the war steamer Herman Cortez outside the harbor to see that she obeyed, as well as to watch her subsequent movements. The rebel captain boasted that he had taken six prizes, and was then about to look after a New York vessel with specie on board. He had boarded the Baltimore brig Francis Jane and given to her commander a formidable-looking protection paper.


The boarders at the various hotels at Long Branch, in conjunction with some of the patriotic citizens of New York, gave a ball at the Mansion House, on Thursday evening, in honor of Mrs. President Lincoln. The occasion was a most gratifying one to all concerned. During the afternoon an exhibition of the coast life-saving apparatus was given for the gratification of the distinguished guest, under the supervision of Ex-Governor Newell, the superintendent of the stations in that district. A large number witnessed the experiments.


There are pretty strong indications that Georgia is about to secede from the Southern Confederacy. Governor Brown has recalled all the troops of that State from Virginia, and in a recent proclamation he says there is a disposition on the part of the new Government to ignore State rights, and he feared that at the end of the present war the great battle of State sovereignty would have to be fought over again.


The Richmond Enquirer says that the Treasury Department is already in receipt of voluminous returns from almost every port of the South, pledging cotton, rice, tobacco, grain, and money ; and the aggregate of these subscriptions can not now fall short of from twenty to thirty millions of dollars, and will doubtless be swelled to fifty or over one hundred millions when all the lists are brought in, and the canvass is fully completed.


The Charleston papers advertise shares for sale in the privateer schooner Beauregard. There is an abundance of privateer material yet in the Southern ports. In Charleston alone there are the steamships Nashville, 1230 tons; the Isabel, 1115 tons; and the Catawba, 407 tons; ships Mackinaw, 1094 tons ; and John Ravenel, 700 tons ; bark Etiwan, 325 tons; and brigs Emma Eger, 196 tons ; and Louise, 175 tons.


The New Orleans battering-ram, which is to destroy the blockading squadron at the mouth of the Mississippi, and all the rest of creation if necessary, was launched on the 14th ult. The "thing" draws twelve feet of water.


Senator Wilson, of Massachusetts, has been tendered, and has accepted, a position on the staff of General McClellan. He has been induced the more readily to accept from the advantages such a position will give him as Chairman of the Senate Committee on Military Affairs.

A lady Richmond correspondent of the Mobile News says that that city is very gay at present. The writer, talking of Mrs. Jefferson Davis, says: " While here, Mrs. Davis received company every evening in her own parlor, and, as it was etiquette, we did ourselves the honor of paying our respects. I found her most affable, and an exceedingly intelligent and sprightly talker ; and, with her finished usage du monde, she is peculiarly fitted to do honor to our Executive mansion."

Mrs. Sue A. Carter Foster, of Murfreesboro, North Carolina, the wife of Charles Henry Foster, has applied for a divorce, on the ground that her husband is an abolitionist.

Ex-Minister Faulkner, in his confinement at Washington, has time to think seriously of the Southern Rebellion, and he appears to speak candidly now and then. The other day, remarking on Governor Brown's (Georgia) protest against the military despotism of Jeff Davis, he said that it embodied words which came from many quarters, and that the iron rule can not but produce the results which Brown foreshadows.

The 69th Regiment decided last week to volunteer for the war, and to go out under command of Lieutenant-Colonel Nugent. It is probable that Captain Thomas Francis Meagher will accompany them.

George W. Prentice, the editor of the Louisville Journal, is about to receive a handsome testimonial from the friends of Liberty, Constitution, and Laws, resident in this city. The bold and fearless position taken by Mr. Prentice, in defense of the Union, against the fanatics of the South, has been the cause of much gratulation at the North, and nowhere more than in New York.

The Richmond papers say that Mrs. Henningsen, wife of the filibuster, who is now in General Wise's staff, had arrived in that city from New York. They also state that she was closely searched by the Unionists, but that she "managed to get through with over thirty pounds of quinine, five revolvers, and a galvanic battery." Smart woman!



DATES from Europe to the 16th of August state that the London press was still engaged with the discussion of the American war question. The Globe denies that Admiral Milne had reported on the inefficiency of the blockade of the Southern ports, and asserts that no official advices on that subject had been received by the Government. The London Times, in its city article and an editorial, expresses its apprehension of the financial ability of the Government in Washington to carry on the war. Mr. Russell had forwarded another letter to that journal, which is spoken of as "discouraging to the cause of the North."


The London Times of the 10th remarks that the Americans of the North even take pleasure in the sensation caused by their recent unparalleled defeat. Another letter from Mr. Russell says, he having acquired further information respecting the fight, has come to the following conclusion: There was not a bayonet charge made by the Federal infantry during the day ; there was not a charge of any kind made by the Confederate cavalry upon any regiment of the enemy until they broke: there was not a hand to hand encounter between any regiments; there was not a battery charged or taken by the Federalists; there were no masked batteries in play by the Confederates; there was no annihilation of rebel horse by the Zouaves or others, a volley fired by one battalion emptied three saddles among a body of horse, who approached at some distance, and the infantry which performed the execution then retired, and there were no desperate struggles except by those who wanted to get away. He then alludes to the approach of the Confederates toward Washington; says the Unionist troops were complaining of nothing having been paid them, and about 80,000 three months' men had left, or were about leaving.



The Moniteur confirms a report current, but not credited, that the French Government has sent dispatches to Rome asking satisfaction within twenty-four hours.



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