McClellan Asks That Sabbath Be Observed


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Civil War Harper's Weekly, September 21, 1861

This original Harper's Weekly newspaper contains important news and illustrations of the Civil War. We have posted all this collection to help your research and study on the Civil War. These newspapers help you understand the war, by allowing you to watch it unfold as it happened.

(Scroll Down to see entire page, or Newspaper Thumbnails will take you to the page of interest.)


Army Forge

Army Forge


Ending the Rebellion

McClellan Sabath

McClellan Asks that Sabbath by Observed

Fremont in St. Louis

General Fremont in St. Louis

Fort Hatteras

Surrender of Fort Hatteras

Fort Clark

Fort Clark

Bockade of Charleston

The Blockade of Charleston

Potomac River

Potomac River Map

Des Moines, Iowa

Des Moines, Iowa

Making Muskets



Springfield Armory

King Cotton

King Cotton







SEPTEMBER 21, 1861.]



(Previous Page) Either that Government bears authoritatively upon every individual citizen in regard to the interests of the whole country, or it operates " by your leave," and when you do not choose to obey, the Government, so far as you are concerned, is at an end.

The Kentucky and Maryland theory is absolutely the theory of Jeff Davis and the conspirators; and the ninth resolution of the partisan Democratic Convention in this State is like unto it. The war, thank Heaven ! will clear up all that cloud. We shall come out of it a strong, united, undisputed and indisputable nation ; or we shall come out of it a loose group of States that do not know whether they compose a nation or whether they are partners at pleasure. Absolute nationality or anarchy will be the result of the war.



BEARDLESS youths are most prone to arrogance and self-sufficiency. As they grow older their whiskers cover a great deal of their cheek.

Men should never choose a flirt for a wife, be she fair as Venus. The sagacious housewife avoids the fruit that has its bloom off.

It is difficult to hide one's vanity; but it is more difficult still to wear it gracefully.

Refinement covers a multitude of improprieties.

Some women blush to prove that they have a little modesty left.

When a female friend asks your advice about a lover say that he is not worthy of her, and counsel her to reject him. She will vastly relish the compliment you pay her, and the lover may fall to your lot into the bargain.

Tears are a woman's best and most convincing reasons.

A looking-glass never pays compliments, but it enables us to win them.

We are "very happy to see" people whom we detest, and "very much obliged" to persons whose favors are nuisances. We return thanks for the kind inquiries of acquaintance who have not the least interest in us, and whom we rather dislike than otherwise.

A woman will tell a secret to you, "because you're different"—but to nobody else.

We trample upon our fallen sisters to show the world how firm of foot we are ourselves.

Time is our bitterest enemy. He makes us wear caps. Children are mile-stones that tell the world the distance a woman has traveled from her youth.

HOW THREE FISHERS WENT SALERING. Three Mothers sat talking who lived at the West—The West end—as that eldest son went down,

Each thought him the husband that she liked the best, For the girl who had watched him all over the Town. For men must pay or women will weep

And their dress is expensive, and many to keep, And their Mothers are always wo-o-ning.

Three gentlemen lounged at their club-house door, And they thought of those girls as the funds went down; They thought of their bankers and thought them a bore, And of bills that came rolling in " ragged and brown." But men must pay or women will weep-

Though debts be pressing—still Mothers are deep, And keep up a constant wo-o-ning.

Three gentlemen lay in three separate cells

The last season's "necessities" pulled them down—And the women are weeping and ringing their bells, For those who will never more show upon Town, For men must pay or women will weep;

And the sooner you do it the sooner you'll sleep,
And good-by to the Ma' and her wo-o-nings.

A JOKE PICKED UP NEAR ST. GEORGE'S.—What is the difference between the Bridegroom at a wedding and the Pot-boy at a " Public ?" Why, the one is in a Hy-meneal, and the other, don't you see, is in a low-menial position.

"LADIES' LIGHT DRESSES."—From the frequency with which it takes fire, we should say that Crinoline was entitled to be called, par excellence, "The Lady's Light Dress."

A little boy had lived for some time with a very penurious uncle, who was one day walking out, with the child at his side, when a friend accosted him, accompanied by a greyhound. The little fellow, never having seen a dog of so slim and slight a texture, clasped the creature round the neck with the impassioned cry, " Oh, doggie, doggie ! and div ye live wi' your uncle, tae, that you are so thin?"

A sailor who had served on board the Romney, with Sir Home Popham, after returning home from India, finding that wigs were all in fashion, bespoke a red one, which he sported at Portsmouth, to the great surprise of his companions. On being asked the cause of the change of color in his hair, he said it was occasioned by his bathing in the Red Sea.


My first is a bit of butter,

My next a bit of mutton,

My whole is a little matter

Not bigger than a button.


If I were to bite off the end of your nose, what would the laws of the land compel me to do?

To keep the piece (peace).

When do the teeth usurp the tongue's prerogative? When they are chattering.

Why ought the stars to be the best astronomers?

Because they have studied (studded) the heavens ever since creation.

Who took in the first newspaper?

Cain; he took a Bell's Life (Abel's life).

Why are your feet like olden tales?

Because they are legends (leg ends).

When is salt butter like Irish children?

When it is made into little pats.

I'm a word that is made of three vowels alone,

And is backward and forward the same

Though I speak not a word I make sentiment known, And to beauty lay principal claim.


What three words did Adam use when he introduced himself to Eve, and which read the same backward and forward?

Madam, I'm Adam.

What scent would a lady prefer who was going to marry a gentleman of the name of Richard?

Eau de Cologne (0 Dick alone).

ONE OF THE WESTERN OBITUARY NOTICES.—Mistur Edatur : Jem bangs, we are sorry to stait, has deseized. He departed this Life last mundy. Jem wos generally considered a gud feller. He dide at the age of 23 years old. He went 4th without ary struggle ; and sich is Life. Tu Da we are as pepper grass, mighty smart, to Morrer we are cut down like a cowcumber of the ground. Jem kept a nice stoar, which his wife now waits on. His virchews wos numerous to behold. Menny is the things we bot at his growcery, and we are happy to stait to the admirin wurld that he never cheeted, speshully in the wate of markrel, which wos nice and smelt sweet, and his survivin wife is the same wa. We never knew him to put sand in his sugar, tho he had a big sand bar in front of his hous ; nur water in his Lickurs, tho the Ohio River runs past his dore. Pece to his remaines ! He leves a wife, 8 children, a cow, 4 horses, a growcery stoar, and other quodrepeds, to mourn his loss; but in the spalendid langwidge ov the poit, his loss is there eternal gane.

"It seems to me I have seen your physiognomy somewhere before," said a swell to a stranger whom he met the other day ; " but I can not imagine where." " Very likely," replied the other ; " I have been the keeper of a prison for the last twenty years."

A stingy fellow, in making love to a young lady, said that his affections were "riveted upon her." She told him that she did not want to have any dealings with rivets or screws like him. Of course, after that the fellow didn't expect to nail her.



THE Russian Minister, M. De Stoeckl, had an audience of the President on Saturday, and read to him the following dispatch:

"ST. PETERSBURG, July 10 1861.

"M. De Stoeckl.

"SIR,—From the beginning of the conflict which divides the United States of America you have been desired to make known to the Federal Government the deep interest with which our august master was observing the development of a crisis which puts in question the prosperity and even the existence of the Union.

" The Emperor profoundly regrets to see that the hope of a peaceful solution is not realized, and that American citizens already in arms are ready to let loose upon their country the most formidable of the scourges of political society-a civil war. For more than eighty years that it has existed the American Union owes its independence, its towering rise and its progress is the concord of its members, consecrated under the auspices of its illustrious founder, by institutions which have been able to reconcile the Union with liberty. This Union has been faithful. It has exhibited to the world the spectacle of a prosperity without example in the annals of history. It would be deplorable that, after so conclusive an experience, the United States should be hurried into a breach of the solemn compact, which, up to this time, has made their power. In spite of the diversity of their constitutions and of their interests, and perhaps even because of their diversity, Providence seems to urge them to draw closer the traditional bond which is the basis of the very condition of their political existence. In any event the sacrifice which they might impose upon themselves to maintain it are beyond comparison with those which dissolution would bring after it.

United, they perfect themselves; isolated, they are paralyzed.


" The struggle which unhappily has just arisen can neither be indefinitely prolonged nor lead to the total destruction of one of the parties. Sooner or later it will be necessary to come to some settlement, whatsoever it may be, which may cause the divergent interests now actually in conflict to coexist. The American nation would then give a proof of high political wisdom in seeking in common such a settlement before a useless effusion of blood, a barren squandering of strength and of public riches, and acts of violence and reciprocal reprisals shall have come to deepen an abyss between the two parties of the confederation, to end definitely in their mutual exhaustion, and in the ruin, perhaps irreparable, of their commercial and political power.

"Our august master can not resign himself to admit such deplorable anticipations. His Imperial Majesty still places his confidence in that practical good sense of the citizens of the Union who appreciate so judiciously their true interests. His Majesty is happy to believe that the members of the Federal Government, and the influential men of the two parties, will seize all occasions and will unite all their efforts to calm the effervescence of the passions. There are no interests so divergent that it may not be possible to reconcile them by laboring to that end with zeal and perseverance, in a spirit of justice and moderation.


"If, within the limits of your friendly relations, your language and your counsels may contribute to this result, you will respond, Sir, to the intentions of his Majesty the Emperor in devoting to this the personal influence which you may have been able to acquire during your long residence at Washington, and the consideration which belongs to your character as the representative of a sovereign animated by the most friendly sentiments toward the American Union. This Union is not simply in our eyes an element essential to the universal political equilibrium; it constitutes besides a nation to which our august master and all Russia have pledged the most friendly interests; for the two countries, placed at the extremities of the two worlds, both in the ascending period of their development, appear called to a natural community of interests and of sympathies, of which they have already given mutual proofs to each other.

"I do not wish here to approach any of the questions which divide the United States. We are not called upon to express ourselves in this contest. The preceding considerations have no other object than to attest the lively solicitude of the Emperor in the presence of the dangers which menace the American Union, and the sincere wishes that his Majesty entertains for the maintenance of that great work, so laboriously raised, and which appeared so rich in its future.

"It is in this sense, Sir, that I desire you to express yourself, as well to the members of the General Government as to the influential persons whom you may meet, giving them the assurance that in every event the American nation may count upon the most cordial sympathy on the part of our august master during the important crisis which it is passing through at present.

" Receive, Sir, the expression of my very deep consideration.   GORTSCHAKOFF."


A dispatch from Fortress Monroe says: The rebels have abandoned their strongly fortified forts at Ocracoke Inlet. Multitudes of North Carolinians have demonstrated their loyalty to the Government by coming to Hatteras Inlet to take the oath of allegiance. Colonel Hawkins sends word that he administered the oath to between two and three hundred in one day. The steamer Pawnee still lies in the Inlet and the Susquehanna outside. The Susquehanna ran down to Ocracoke Inlet, and found the fortifications there completely deserted, and the white flag was every where exhibited.

On the following day the George Peabody arrived at the Fortress, from Hatteras Inlet, with a number of fugitive families from the mouth of Tar River, who had succeeded in escaping to the Inlet. They report that the lower counties of North Carolina are ready to hoist the National flag when assured of support—a prominent clergyman declaring that should a national force land near Beaufort, it would immediately be joined by at least two thousand North Carolina Unionists. A perfect reign of terror exists there at present. Ten regiments of State troops have been recalled from Virginia.


The Raleigh (N. C.) Register says that Governor Clark, in a special message, announced to the Legislature the surrender of Fort Hatteras, and adds: "For the sake of the credit of the State we forbear to describe the effect which the announcement produced on the House."


The telegraph reports one of the most horrible episodes that ever disgraced modern warfare on the part of the rebels in Missouri, namely, the destruction of a railroad bridge on the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad over Platt River, nine miles east of St. Joseph, by which a whole passenger train, containing nearly one hundred inoffensive people— men, women, and children—was precipitated into the river, and seventeen killed and others horribly mangled. It appears that the timber supports of the bridge had been

nearly burned through, and the fire then extinguished, thus leaving no suspicious appearance about the structure, so that when the train entered the bridge at night the whole track gave way, resulting in the fearful consequences above stated. It was subsequently discovered that some other bridges on the route to St. Joseph were similarly disabled, and the track obstructed with logs in order to prevent assistance being conveyed from the town to the wounded victims of this cowardly outrage. The obstructions, however, were removed, and a large number of physicians and others proceeded to the scene of the disaster.


General Grant, with two regiments of infantry, a company of light artillery, and two gun-boats took possession of Paducah at eleven o'clock on 6th inst. He found the rebel flags flying, but they were immediately torn down by the Union citizens on the approach of the troops. He took possession of the telegraph-offices, Marine Hospital, and other public buildings, and issued a proclamation to the people. The town was in great alarm at the rumored approach of 3800 rebel troops, which were in close proximity to Paducah.


From Western Virginia the news is of an important character. General Rosecrans is reported as having crossed the mountains in full force, and the pickets had even been fired upon by the rebels at a distance of four miles from the main camp.


The following order has been promulgated:



The Major-General Commanding desires and requests that in future there may be a more perfect respect for the Sabbath on the part of his command. We are fighting in a holy cause, and should endeavor to deserve the benign favor of the Creator. Unless in the case of an attack by the enemy, or some other extreme military necessity, it is commended to commanding officers that all work shall be suspended on the Sabbath; that no unnecessary movements shall be made on that day; that the men shall, as far as possible, be permitted to rest from their labors ; that they shall attend Divine service after the customary morning inspection, and that officers and men alike use their influence to insure the utmost decorum and quiet on that day. The General Commanding regards this as no idle form. One day's rest is necessary for man and animals. More than this, the observance of the holy day of the God of Mercy and of Battles is our sacred duty.

Geo. B. McCLELLAN, Major-General Commanding.

S. WILLIAMS, Assistant Adjutant-General.


The Democratic State Convention met at Syracuse last week. The Committee on Officers reported Heiman J. Redfield for Permanent President, with the usual number of Vice-Presidents and Secretaries. After an address from Mr. Redfield, the Committee on Contested Seats made a majority report in favor of the admission of the Tammany delegates from this city, and the exclusion of those from Mozart Hall. A minority report was made recognizing both delegations, and recommending a compromise. Finally, a resolution was adopted by the Convention to admit both delegations, with power to cast but seventeen votes each. The Tammany delegates then withdrew for consultation, and after the appointment of a Committee on resolutions the Convention adjourned until the following day. Immediately upon reassembling, a motion was made to reconsider the vote of the day previous, by which both delegations were admitted upon an equality, and after refusing to lay the subject on the table, the vote was reconsidered, 114 to 87. The Convention then rejected the resolution by which both delegations were admitted, and adopted the original report of the Credential Committee, by which the Tammany delegation alone was admitted, by a very decisive vote, and the Mozart Hall delegation withdrew. The Committee on Resolutions reported a series which are generally in favor of a vigorous prosecution of the war, though censuring the present Administration for some of its measures. The next business was the nomination of a ticket for State officers, which was effected in due course.


Captain Welch, of the Mary Alice, captured July 25 by the privateer Dixie, has arrived in this city from Richmond, and furnishes some very interesting intelligence. After his capture off Bermuda he was conveyed to North Edisto, twenty-one miles south of Charleston, where he saw a battery of four 24-pounders on South Point, and a formidable masked battery at North Point. No trace of the blockading squadron was visible. From Edisto Captain Welch, with twenty-five other prisoners, was conveyed to Charleston, South Carolina, and Goldsborough, North Carolina, where the people had just heard of the brilliant affair at Fort Hatteras, and were excited to such a pitch that violence was offered to the prisoners. The authorities had to hide the prisoners, and send them forward to Richmond at night, with a strong military guard, to prevent mob law being administered.


The New Orleans Picayune says the heavy growth of grass in some of the streets in that city "would pay the mower for his trouble."


The following is the official vote cast at the August election for State Treasurer in Kentucky:

J. H. Garrard, Union    83,151

Two secession candidates    16,005

Union majority    67,146



THE London Globe of the last of August—a semi-official organ of the Palmerston Cabinet, and generally well-informed—states that twenty-two thousand five hundred British troops will be dispatched to Canada during the month of September. It is also asserted that Lord Monck is to succeed Sir Edmund Head as Governor-General of that province.


Queen Victoria has been in Ireland, and was most enthusiastically received at Dublin.



The Independance Belge publishes the substance of an autograph letter from the Emperor to the Pope, intimating that if the condition of affairs be ameliorated the present statues quo will be maintained.



A political pamphlet, entitled "Rome," published in Paris, intimates that the people of Rome will be invited to choose a sovereign ruler by universal suffrage, and that if they vote for Victor Emanuel the French troops will march from the city next day and be replaced by an Italian force. This measure is to be adopted, as alleged, if the Pope persists in refusing the guarantees for the integrity of the Holy See proposed by Napoleon. Baron Ricasoli asserts, in an official circular, that the brigandage now prevailing in Italy is instigated from Rome.


A terrible affair had occurred at Pontelandolf. A company of Italian soldiers upon arriving there were received by the National Guard and people with rejoicing, but while they were partaking of the refreshments offered them, the people rushed upon them and massacred thirty-nine of them. The next day the troops surrounded the town, bombarded, and destroyed it by fire. One hundred and fifty persons were burned or bayoneted.

While old Mr. SECESH is on his way to take Washington, that mischievous boy BUTLER puts a fire-cracker in his tail.

Civil War Cartoon



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