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Page) Either that Government bears
authoritatively upon every individual citizen in regard to the interests of the
whole country, or it operates " by your leave," and when you do not choose to
obey, the Government, so far as you are concerned, is at an end.
The Kentucky and Maryland theory
is absolutely the theory of
Jeff Davis and the conspirators; and the ninth
resolution of the partisan Democratic Convention in this State is like unto it.
The war, thank Heaven ! will clear up all that cloud. We shall come out of it a
strong, united, undisputed and indisputable nation ; or we shall come out of it
a loose group of States that do not know whether they compose a nation or
whether they are partners at pleasure. Absolute nationality or anarchy will be
the result of the war.
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
MRS. ROCHEFOUCAULD'S MAXIMS.
BEARDLESS youths are most prone
to arrogance and self-sufficiency. As they grow older their whiskers cover a
great deal of their cheek.
Men should never choose a flirt
for a wife, be she fair as Venus. The sagacious housewife avoids the fruit that
has its bloom off.
It is difficult to hide one's
vanity; but it is more difficult still to wear it gracefully.
Refinement covers a multitude of
Some women blush to prove that
they have a little modesty left.
When a female friend asks your
advice about a lover say that he is not worthy of her, and counsel her to reject
him. She will vastly relish the compliment you pay her, and the lover may fall
to your lot into the bargain.
Tears are a woman's best and most
A looking-glass never pays
compliments, but it enables us to win them.
We are "very happy to see" people
whom we detest, and "very much obliged" to persons whose favors are nuisances.
We return thanks for the kind inquiries of acquaintance who have not the least
interest in us, and whom we rather dislike than otherwise.
A woman will tell a secret to
you, "because you're different"—but to nobody else.
We trample upon our fallen
sisters to show the world how firm of foot we are ourselves.
Time is our bitterest enemy. He
makes us wear caps. Children are mile-stones that tell the world the distance a
woman has traveled from her youth.
HOW THREE FISHERS WENT SALERING.
Three Mothers sat talking who lived at the West—The West end—as that eldest son
Each thought him the husband that
she liked the best, For the girl who had watched him all over the Town. For men
must pay or women will weep
And their dress is expensive, and
many to keep, And their Mothers are always wo-o-ning.
Three gentlemen lounged at their
club-house door, And they thought of those girls as the funds went down; They
thought of their bankers and thought them a bore, And of bills that came rolling
in " ragged and brown." But men must pay or women will weep-
Though debts be pressing—still
Mothers are deep, And keep up a constant wo-o-ning.
Three gentlemen lay in three
The last season's "necessities"
pulled them down—And the women are weeping and ringing their bells, For those
who will never more show upon Town, For men must pay or women will weep;
And the sooner you do it the
sooner you'll sleep,
And good-by to the Ma' and her wo-o-nings.
A JOKE PICKED UP NEAR ST.
GEORGE'S.—What is the difference between the Bridegroom at a wedding and the
Pot-boy at a " Public ?" Why, the one is in a Hy-meneal, and the other, don't
you see, is in a low-menial position.
"LADIES' LIGHT DRESSES."—From the
frequency with which it takes fire, we should say that Crinoline was entitled to
be called, par excellence, "The Lady's Light Dress."
A little boy had lived for some
time with a very penurious uncle, who was one day walking out, with the child at
his side, when a friend accosted him, accompanied by a greyhound. The little
fellow, never having seen a dog of so slim and slight a texture, clasped the
creature round the neck with the impassioned cry, " Oh, doggie, doggie ! and div
ye live wi' your uncle, tae, that you are so thin?"
A sailor who had served on board
the Romney, with Sir Home Popham, after returning home from India, finding that
wigs were all in fashion, bespoke a red one, which he sported at Portsmouth, to
the great surprise of his companions. On being asked the cause of the change of
color in his hair, he said it was occasioned by his bathing in the Red Sea.
DO YOU GIVE IT UP?
My first is a bit of butter,
My next a bit of mutton,
My whole is a little matter
Not bigger than a button.
If I were to bite off the end of
your nose, what would the laws of the land compel me to do?
To keep the piece (peace).
When do the teeth usurp the
tongue's prerogative? When they are chattering.
Why ought the stars to be the
Because they have studied
(studded) the heavens ever since creation.
Who took in the first newspaper?
Cain; he took a Bell's Life
Why are your feet like olden
Because they are legends (leg
When is salt butter like Irish
When it is made into little pats.
I'm a word that is made of three
And is backward and forward the
Though I speak not a word I make
sentiment known, And to beauty lay principal claim.
What three words did Adam use
when he introduced himself to Eve, and which read the same backward and forward?
Madam, I'm Adam.
What scent would a lady prefer
who was going to marry a gentleman of the name of Richard?
Eau de Cologne (0 Dick alone).
ONE OF THE WESTERN OBITUARY
NOTICES.—Mistur Edatur : Jem bangs, we are sorry to stait, has deseized. He
departed this Life last mundy. Jem wos generally considered a gud feller. He
dide at the age of 23 years old. He went 4th without ary struggle ; and sich is
Life. Tu Da we are as pepper grass, mighty smart, to Morrer we are cut down like
a cowcumber of the ground. Jem kept a nice stoar, which his wife now waits on.
His virchews wos numerous to behold. Menny is the things we bot at his growcery,
and we are happy to stait to the admirin wurld that he never cheeted, speshully
in the wate of markrel, which wos nice and smelt sweet, and his survivin wife is
the same wa. We never knew him to put sand in his sugar, tho he had a big sand
bar in front of his hous ; nur water in his Lickurs, tho the Ohio River runs
past his dore. Pece to his remaines ! He leves a wife, 8 children, a cow, 4
horses, a growcery stoar, and other quodrepeds, to mourn his loss; but in the
spalendid langwidge ov the poit, his loss is there eternal gane.
"It seems to me I have seen your
physiognomy somewhere before," said a swell to a stranger whom he met the other
day ; " but I can not imagine where." " Very likely," replied the other ; " I
have been the keeper of a prison for the last twenty years."
A stingy fellow, in making love
to a young lady, said that his affections were "riveted upon her." She told him
that she did not want to have any dealings with rivets or screws like him. Of
course, after that the fellow didn't expect to nail her.
A LETTER FROM THE CZAR.
THE Russian Minister, M. De
Stoeckl, had an audience of the President on Saturday, and read to him the
"ST. PETERSBURG, July 10 1861.
"M. De Stoeckl.
"SIR,—From the beginning of the
conflict which divides the United States of America you have been desired to
make known to the Federal Government the deep interest with which our august
master was observing the development of a crisis which puts in question the
prosperity and even the existence of the Union.
" The Emperor profoundly regrets
to see that the hope of a peaceful solution is not realized, and that American
citizens already in arms are ready to let loose upon their country the most
formidable of the scourges of political society-a civil war. For more than
eighty years that it has existed the American Union owes its independence, its
towering rise and its progress is the concord of its members, consecrated under
the auspices of its illustrious founder, by institutions which have been able to
reconcile the Union with liberty. This Union has been faithful. It has exhibited
to the world the spectacle of a prosperity without example in the annals of
history. It would be deplorable that, after so conclusive an experience, the
United States should be hurried into a breach of the solemn compact, which, up
to this time, has made their power. In spite of the diversity of their
constitutions and of their interests, and perhaps even because of their
diversity, Providence seems to urge them to draw closer the traditional bond
which is the basis of the very condition of their political existence. In any
event the sacrifice which they might impose upon themselves to maintain it are
beyond comparison with those which dissolution would bring after it.
United, they perfect themselves;
isolated, they are paralyzed.
THE EMPEROR ADVISES COMPROMISE.
" The struggle which unhappily
has just arisen can neither be indefinitely prolonged nor lead to the total
destruction of one of the parties. Sooner or later it will be necessary to come
to some settlement, whatsoever it may be, which may cause the divergent
interests now actually in conflict to coexist. The American nation would then
give a proof of high political wisdom in seeking in common such a settlement
before a useless effusion of blood, a barren squandering of strength and of
public riches, and acts of violence and reciprocal reprisals shall have come to
deepen an abyss between the two parties of the confederation, to end definitely
in their mutual exhaustion, and in the ruin, perhaps irreparable, of their
commercial and political power.
"Our august master can not resign
himself to admit such deplorable anticipations. His Imperial Majesty still
places his confidence in that practical good sense of the citizens of the Union
who appreciate so judiciously their true interests. His Majesty is happy to
believe that the members of the Federal Government, and the influential men of
the two parties, will seize all occasions and will unite all their efforts to
calm the effervescence of the passions. There are no interests so divergent that
it may not be possible to reconcile them by laboring to that end with zeal and
perseverance, in a spirit of justice and moderation.
HE WISHES THE UNION TO BE
"If, within the limits of your
friendly relations, your language and your counsels may contribute to this
result, you will respond, Sir, to the intentions of his Majesty the Emperor in
devoting to this the personal influence which you may have been able to acquire
during your long residence at
Washington, and the consideration which belongs to
your character as the representative of a sovereign animated by the most
friendly sentiments toward the American Union. This Union is not simply in our
eyes an element essential to the universal political equilibrium; it constitutes
besides a nation to which our august master and all Russia have pledged the most
friendly interests; for the two countries, placed at the extremities of the two
worlds, both in the ascending period of their development, appear called to a
natural community of interests and of sympathies, of which they have already
given mutual proofs to each other.
"I do not wish here to approach
any of the questions which divide the United States. We are not called upon to
express ourselves in this contest. The preceding considerations have no other
object than to attest the lively solicitude of the Emperor in the presence of
the dangers which menace the American Union, and the sincere wishes that his
Majesty entertains for the maintenance of that great work, so laboriously
raised, and which appeared so rich in its future.
"It is in this sense, Sir, that I
desire you to express yourself, as well to the members of the General Government
as to the influential persons whom you may meet, giving them the assurance that
in every event the American nation may count upon the most cordial sympathy on
the part of our august master during the important crisis which it is passing
through at present.
" Receive, Sir, the expression of
my very deep consideration. GORTSCHAKOFF."
A dispatch from
says: The rebels have abandoned their strongly fortified forts at Ocracoke
Inlet. Multitudes of North Carolinians have demonstrated their loyalty to the
Government by coming to
Hatteras Inlet to take the oath of allegiance. Colonel
Hawkins sends word that he administered the oath to between two and three
hundred in one day. The steamer Pawnee still lies in the Inlet and the
Susquehanna outside. The Susquehanna ran down to Ocracoke Inlet, and found the
fortifications there completely deserted, and the white flag was every where
On the following day the George
Peabody arrived at the Fortress, from Hatteras Inlet, with a number of fugitive
families from the mouth of Tar River, who had succeeded in escaping to the
Inlet. They report that the lower counties of North Carolina are ready to hoist
the National flag when assured of support—a prominent clergyman declaring that
should a national force land near
Beaufort, it would immediately be joined by at
least two thousand North Carolina Unionists. A perfect reign of terror exists
there at present. Ten regiments of State troops have been recalled from
SENSATION IN THE NORTH CAROLINA
The Raleigh (N. C.) Register says that Governor Clark, in a special
message, announced to the Legislature the surrender of Fort Hatteras, and adds:
"For the sake of the credit of the State we forbear to describe the effect which
the announcement produced on the House."
HORRIBLE OUTRAGE IN MISSOURI.
The telegraph reports one of the most horrible episodes
that ever disgraced modern warfare on the part of the rebels in Missouri,
namely, the destruction of a railroad bridge
on the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad over Platt River,
nine miles east of St. Joseph, by which a whole passenger
train, containing nearly one hundred inoffensive people—
men, women, and children—was precipitated into the river, and seventeen
killed and others horribly mangled. It
appears that the timber supports of the bridge had been
nearly burned through, and the fire then extinguished, thus leaving no suspicious
appearance about the structure, so that when the train entered the bridge at
night the whole track gave way, resulting in the fearful consequences above
stated. It was subsequently discovered that some other bridges on the route to
St. Joseph were similarly disabled, and the track obstructed with logs in order
to prevent assistance being conveyed from the town to the wounded victims of
this cowardly outrage. The obstructions, however, were removed, and a large
number of physicians and others proceeded to the scene of the disaster.
General Grant, with two regiments of infantry, a company of light artillery, and
two gun-boats took possession of Paducah at eleven o'clock on 6th inst. He found
the rebel flags flying, but they were immediately torn down by the Union
citizens on the approach of the troops. He took possession of the
telegraph-offices, Marine Hospital, and other public buildings, and issued a
proclamation to the people. The town was in great alarm at the rumored approach
of 3800 rebel troops, which were in close proximity to Paducah.
ROSECRANS CROSSES THE MOUNTAINS.
From Western Virginia the news is of an important character.
is reported as having crossed the mountains in full force, and the pickets had
even been fired upon by the rebels at a distance of four miles from the main
GENERAL McCLELLAN ON THE SABBATH.
The following order has been promulgated:
SPECIAL ORDER NO. 7.
HEAD-QUARTERS ARMY OF THE
WASHINGTON, Sept. 6, 1861.
The Major-General Commanding
desires and requests that in future there may be a more perfect respect for the
Sabbath on the part of his command. We are fighting in a holy cause, and should
endeavor to deserve the benign favor of the Creator. Unless in the case of an
attack by the enemy, or some other extreme military necessity, it is commended
to commanding officers that all work shall be suspended on the Sabbath; that no
unnecessary movements shall be made on that day; that the men shall, as far as
possible, be permitted to rest from their labors ; that they shall attend Divine
service after the customary morning inspection, and that officers and men alike
use their influence to insure the utmost decorum and quiet on that day. The
General Commanding regards this as no idle form. One day's rest is necessary for
man and animals. More than this, the observance of the holy day of the God of
Mercy and of Battles is our sacred duty.
Geo. B. McCLELLAN, Major-General
S. WILLIAMS, Assistant
THE DEMOCRATIC STATE CONVENTION.
The Democratic State Convention
met at Syracuse last week. The Committee on Officers reported Heiman J. Redfield
for Permanent President, with the usual number of Vice-Presidents and
Secretaries. After an address from Mr. Redfield, the Committee on Contested
Seats made a majority report in favor of the admission of the Tammany delegates
from this city, and the exclusion of those from Mozart Hall. A minority report
was made recognizing both delegations, and recommending a compromise. Finally, a
resolution was adopted by the Convention to admit both delegations, with power
to cast but seventeen votes each. The Tammany delegates then withdrew for
consultation, and after the appointment of a Committee on resolutions the
Convention adjourned until the following day. Immediately upon reassembling, a
motion was made to reconsider the vote of the day previous, by which both
delegations were admitted upon an equality, and after refusing to lay the
subject on the table, the vote was reconsidered, 114 to 87. The Convention then
rejected the resolution by which both delegations were admitted, and adopted the
original report of the Credential Committee, by which the Tammany delegation
alone was admitted, by a very decisive vote, and the Mozart Hall delegation
withdrew. The Committee on Resolutions reported a series which are generally in
favor of a vigorous prosecution of the war, though censuring the present
Administration for some of its measures. The next business was the nomination of
a ticket for State officers, which was effected in due course.
STATE OF FEELING IN SOUTH
Captain Welch, of the Mary Alice, captured July 25 by the privateer
Dixie, has arrived in this city from Richmond, and furnishes some very
interesting intelligence. After his capture off Bermuda he was conveyed to North
Edisto, twenty-one miles south of
Charleston, where he saw a battery of four
24-pounders on South Point, and a formidable masked battery at North Point. No
trace of the blockading squadron was visible. From Edisto Captain Welch, with
twenty-five other prisoners, was conveyed to Charleston, South Carolina, and Goldsborough, North Carolina, where the people had just heard of the brilliant
affair at Fort Hatteras, and were excited to such a pitch that violence was
offered to the prisoners. The authorities had to hide the prisoners, and send
them forward to Richmond at night, with a strong military guard, to prevent mob
law being administered.
GRASS GROWING IN THE STREETS OF
New Orleans Picayune says the
heavy growth of grass in some of the streets in that city "would pay the mower
for his trouble."
THE UNION VOTE IN KENTUCKY.
The following is the official
vote cast at the August election for State Treasurer in Kentucky:
J. H. Garrard, Union 83,151
Two secession candidates
Union majority 67,146
MORE TROOPS FOR CANADA.
THE London Globe of the last of
August—a semi-official organ of the Palmerston Cabinet, and generally
well-informed—states that twenty-two thousand five hundred British troops will
be dispatched to Canada during the month of September. It is also asserted that
Lord Monck is to succeed Sir Edmund Head as Governor-General of that province.
THE QUEEN IN IRELAND.
Queen Victoria has been in
Ireland, and was most enthusiastically received at Dublin.
THE EMPEROR AND THE POPE.
The Independance Belge publishes
the substance of an autograph letter from the Emperor to the Pope, intimating
that if the condition of affairs be ameliorated the present statues quo will be
SETTLEMENT OF THE ROMAN QUESTION.
A political pamphlet, entitled
"Rome," published in Paris, intimates that the people of Rome will be invited to
choose a sovereign ruler by universal suffrage, and that if they vote for Victor
Emanuel the French troops will march from the city next day and be replaced by
an Italian force. This measure is to be adopted, as alleged, if the Pope
persists in refusing the guarantees for the integrity of the Holy See proposed
by Napoleon. Baron Ricasoli asserts, in an official circular, that the
brigandage now prevailing in Italy is instigated from Rome.
FIGHT BETWEEN SOLDIERS AND
A terrible affair had occurred at
Pontelandolf. A company of Italian soldiers upon arriving there were received by
the National Guard and people with rejoicing, but while they were partaking of
the refreshments offered them, the people rushed upon them and massacred
thirty-nine of them. The next day the troops surrounded the town, bombarded, and
destroyed it by fire. One hundred and fifty persons were burned or bayoneted.
HITTING HIM IN THE REAR.
While old Mr. SECESH is on his way to take Washington, that mischievous boy
BUTLER puts a fire-cracker in his tail.