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SOLDIER'S SONG BOOK.
THERE was some innocent jesting
last year upon the proposals for a National Hymn. But the feeling which called
for the songs seems to have been sufficiently satisfied with "John Brown's
body," which is hummed, and whistled, and ground, and played all over the loyal
land; while the national regimental bands have taught it to every dismayed echo
in the Blue Ridge. But for singing in the camp, on the march, at the mess, there
should be endless songs. Every German student knows how important a part such
songs play in the college and camp life of Germany, and that some of our most
familiar and charming airs are the melodies of those songs. If we could have
them fitted to timely English words how cheering they might be to the soldiers!
There is no need that they should be great solemn national hymns. In fact, that
is exactly what they should not be. But simple, homely, hearty strains, full of
fire and love and humor and tenderness, so that every varying emotion should
flow out in rhyme.
That is just what the songs in a
little book just prepared in Cambridge are. It is a small collection of original
songs, "by various hands," set to easy and striking tunes, and printed with the
music for the voice, in the style of the German song books. Many an old favorite
of every circle of young men is here, with words which have the same
significance for him that other words had for other youth in other lands and
times. Indeed one chief interest in the little book is the sense of a hearty
earnestness of patriotism which is implied in every line. The book is sold at
the price of making, and when known will win its own welcome. It can be very
readily enlarged, and from time to time, doubtless, new editions will contain
One of the quaintest airs and
rhymes is this, to the tune of "The Frankfort Apprentice's Song:"
THE WHY AND WHEREFORE.
"Where, where, where, and where,
and where are you bound, young man?
Where, where, where, and where,
and where are you bound, young man?"
"I'm off to the war, with the
good men and true,
And hadn't you better come along
I speak my mind quite freely,
"Why, why, why, and why, and why
to the war, young man?
Why, why, why, and why, and why
to the war, young man?"
"Did a man ever fight for a
Than for Freedom and Flag and for
Just speak your mind quite freely,
"Which, which, which, and which,
and which is the Flag of the Free?
Which, which, which, and which,
and which is the Flag of the Free?"
"Oh, Washington's Flag, with the
stripes and the stars,
Will you give such a name to the
thing with the bars?
I speak my mind quite freely,
"Who, who, who, and who, and who
goes with you to the war?
Who, who, who, and who, and who
goes with you to the war?"
"Ten thousand brave lads, and if
they should stay here
The girls would cry shame, and
They speak their mind quite
"When, when, when, and when, and
when do you mean to come back?
When, when, when, and when, and
when do you mean to come back?"
"When Rebellion is crushed, and
the Union restored,
And Freedom is safe—yes, then,
please the Lord!
I speak my mind quite freely,
"What, what, what, and what, and
what will you gain by that?
What, what, what, and what, and
what will you gain by that?"
"Oh I've gained enough, whatever
If a Free Land, the hope of the
world, isn't lost.
I speak my mind quite freely,
ALL eyes and minds are turned
with intense anxiety to Virginia—to the army under
General Burnside. If the army of
Lee is defeated the most serious obstacle to
our success is removed. With the overthrow of that army; the descent of the
Mississippi by Porter; the capture of
Charleston, Mobile, and Savannah; and the
Rosecrans in the West, the rebels would begin
the winter gloomily.
There is an old argument against
the continuance of the rebellion which is now disused. It was and is good in
itself, but its use was untimely. The general impression at the North was that
the rebels could not feed themselves, and must at last be starved out. They have
not been starved out yet, however. They have seemed to thrive upon privation.
For the fact of privation, and that serious, can hardly be doubted. And the
argument will become more and more pinching.
If Mr. Bunch's estimate of the
cotton crop for the last year be correct, there has not been an adequate
preparation for food at the South. The forays into
Maryland were brilliant and advantageous to the
rebels, but they were also necessary. If the fall campaign expels them virtually
from Kentucky and Tennessee and from Virginia, and the Mississippi is held by
us, and great ports occupied, while Texas is cut off, there can be no question
that a very serious and threatening scarcity will ensue. The angry tone of the
rebel press, defiantly thanking England for nothing, and the intimations of
trouble under the surface of the
Richmond despotism, signify internal disquiet.
The rebels are earnest, united, desperate; but the most furious men yield to
Stonewall Jackson says that he prefers to have
his men a little starved when they go into battle. But no wise ruler wishes his
people to be hungry.
The probability ought not,
however, to be overstated.
If we could count upon an
indefinite time for the war, it might be that privation would become an
effective ally. But to wait for a single day, because it might be possible to
starve them out hereafter, would be courting disaster. The rebellion is to be
ended by mighty military blows rapidly struck. Disaster upon disaster must
overwhelm the enemy. Their trained and determined soldiers must be outnumbered
as well as outfought. The success of to-day must make that of to-morrow possible
and easy. To fight for a day and then stand still for six weeks; to win, or seem
to win, a victory and gain no advantage; to occupy with pomp posts from which
the foe has retired; are not the ways in which desperate rebels are crushed.
They are courses that deaden and destroy a nation.
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
MISS FANTADLING says the first
time she locked arms with a young man, she felt like Hope leaning on her anchor.
Poetic young woman that.
About half a century ago there
was a very popular preacher in Aberdeen named Kidd. On the arrival there of the
news of the assassination of Spencer Perceval, an old woman said to her crony,
"Eh, Tibby! d'ye hear this? they've shot the Prime Minister." "Bless us!"
exclaimed Tibby, "hae they shot Dr. Kidd?"
Speed and Stow, the two most
distinguished historians of the sixteenth century, were both tailors, which led
Sir Henry Spelman to say, "We are beholden to Mr. Speed and Mr. Stow for
stitching for us our English history."
"When I goes a shopping," said an
old lady, "I allers asks for what I wants, and if they have it, and it's
suitable, and I feel inclined to take it, and it's cheap, and it can't be got at
any place for less, I almost allers take it, without chaffering about it all
day, as most people do."
A trifling sort of a fellow in
one of our neighboring counties, not long since, won the affections of the
daughter of a bluff, honest Dutchman of some wealth. On asking the old man for
her, he opened with a romantic speech about his being a "poor young man," etc. "Ya,
ya," said the old man, "I knows all apout it; but you is a little too poor—you
has neider money nor character."
A notorious tippler was one day
walking along in his usual inebriated state, when he stepped upon a grating,
which was inadvertently out of place. The result was that he and the grating
disappeared into the cellar. After picking himself up, the fellow looked round
to take a survey of the place, when he espied the grating, which he took hold
of, with the remark, "Well, I have made a gridiron by the performance any how!"
A lady who had a silk gown
spoiled in being recolored brought an action against the establishment, and
summoned several of the workmen to give their dying testimony.
An old sailor finding a corked
bottle floating on the sea, opened it, with the soliloquy, "Rum, I hope; gin, I
think; tracts, by jingo!" and then threw it back into the water.
A GOOD RECOMMENDATION.—"Och, an'
what's yer honor agoin' to give me, seein' as it's mysilf that saved yer honor's
house from turnin' to ashes intirely?" "How so, Pat?" "An' sure, when it cotched
afire, wasn't I the sicond one that hollered fire first?"
In British Columbia Captain
Barret-Lennard presented a chieftain with a pair of trowsers. He returned them
as "vain and foolish inventions," but took care to cut off all the buttons.
A new nut-cracker has just been
patented; it is so contrived as to crack jokes along with the nuts. A very
liberal discount will be allowed to extremely depressed persons ordering large
Zeno, the philosopher, believed
in an inevitable destiny. His servant availed himself of this doctrine while
being beaten for a theft by exclaiming, "Was I not destined to rob?" "Yes,"
replied Zeno, "and to be corrected also."
If you think there isn't an
honest man living, you had better, for appearance's sake, put off saying it till
you are dead yourself.
A dentist in this city advertises
that he will "spare no pains" in extracting people's molars. Surprising candor!
The happiest man is the
benevolent one, for he owns stock in the happiness of all mankind.
"It's a shame, husband, that I
have to sit here mending your old clothes!" "Don't say a word about it, wife;
the least said the soonest mended."
"Didn't you guarantee, Sir, that
this horse would not shy before the fire of an enemy?" "No more he won't. 'Tisn't
till after the fire that he shies."
BOTH Houses met on 1st December.
In the Senate, after prayer by Dr. Sutherland, the usual message was sent to the
House, to say that a quorum was present. The Message was shortly afterward
received and read.—In the House, after prayer by Chaplain Stockton, Mr. Roscoe
Conkling offered a resolution, which was adopted, instructing the Committee on
Naval Affairs to report the cheapest, most expeditious, and most reliable mode
of placing vessels of war on Lake Ontario. A resolution, offered by Mr.
Vallandigham, directing the Judiciary Committee to report by what authority the
Postmaster-General excludes newspapers from the mails, was adopted. Mr. Cox
offered a preamble and resolutions relating to arbitrary political arrests,
condemning them, and directing that they shall not be hereafter made. They were
laid on the table, by a vote of 80 to 40. Mr. Richardson, of Illinois, offered a
resolution requesting the President to inform the House what citizens of
Illinois are now confined as political prisoners, and what are the charges
against them. A motion to lay it on the table failed, and it was passed, 74 to
40. Soon afterward the President's Message was received and read. The document
is reviewed in the leader in another column.
On Tuesday, December 2, in the
Senate, Senator Powell, of Kentucky, offered a resolution calling on the
President for information in regard to arrests of citizens of Kentucky by the
military authorities; also a preamble and resolution declaring that many
citizens of the United States have been arrested and imprisoned without any
charges being preferred against them whatever, and that all such arrests are
unauthorized by the Constitution and laws of the United States, and are
usurpations of the power delegated by the people to the President; and that all
such arrests are hereby condemned and declared palpable violations of the
Constitution of the United States; and it is hereby demanded that all such
arrests shall cease hereafter, and that all persons so arrested shall have a
prompt and speedy trial, "according to the provisions of the Constitution," or
be immediately released. These resolutions were laid over. Senator Davis, of
Kentucky, offered a joint resolution declaring that it is hereby recommended
that all the States choose delegates, to meet in convention at
the first Monday of April next, to take into consideration the present condition
of the country and the proper means to be pursued for restoring the Union, and
that the Legislatures of the different States take such action as they may deem
fit for this purpose at the earliest possible date. This was also laid over, and
the Senate adjourned.—In the House, a bill was passed providing for the payment
in gold and silver of all judgments recovered by the United States. The Military
Committee were instructed to inquire into the propriety of increasing the pay of
soldiers to fifteen dollars per month, and making reductions in the pay of
officers not actively engaged. The Committee of Ways and Means were instructed
to inquire and report as to the propriety of admitting cotton brought from
foreign countries free of duty. A bill was introduced for the relief of the
sufferers by the
Indian outbreak in Minnesota; also to abrogate all treaties
between the Government and the Sioux Indians. A bill to reduce the tax on whisky
was brought forward, but objection was made to its introduction, whereupon the
THE REPORT OF THE WAR DEPARTMENT.
The Secretary of War in his
Report states that that portion of the United States which is now, or has been
during the last year the scene of military operations is confined within ten
military departments; that the armies operating in those departments, according
to recent official returns, constitute a force of seven hundred and seventy-five
thousand three hundred and thirty-six officers and privates, fully armed and
equipped; that since the date of the returns this number has been increased to
over eight hundred thousand; that when the quotas are filled up it will number a
million of men; and that the valor of our troops has been displayed on many
occasions, and the skill and gallantry of their officers have been distinguished
Malvern Hill, Cross Keys,
Cedar Mountain, Chantilly, and other places.
The Report is accompanied by a
report and documents from
General Halleck, Commander-in-Chief.
THE NAVY REPORT.
The Report or Secretary Welles is
very long. When he assumed charge of the Navy Department in March, 1861, there were but 42 vessels then in commission, and most of
them abroad. There were only 7600 seamen then in the
pay of the Government, and on the 10th of March only 207
in all the ports and receiving-ships of the Atlantic coast,
to man our ships and protect the Navy-yards and depots,
and aid in suppressing the rising insurrection. At the
present time, by purchase and by
construction, the Government has afloat, or progressing to completion, a naval
force of 427 vessels, and carrying 3268 guns. So sudden and so vast a naval
armament has not been witnessed in modern times. Of the 427 vessels in service
104 only are sailing vessels, 323 are steam vessels, and 123 of these latter
have been added by construction. These new vessels of war are of no mean
capacity and calibre, as the following description of them will show:
THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC.
The rebels are actively engaged
in erecting earth-works around
General Burnside has not crossed
the Rappahannock; his army is still at and around Falmouth. The railroad from
Falmouth to Aquia Creek is in working order. A dash of the enemy's cavalry in
large force was made across the Rappahannock on 28th ult. a short distance above
the head-quarters of our army, and nearly two companies of the Third
Pennsylvania cavalry, of General Averill's brigade, were captured.
BURNSIDE AT WASHINGTON.
General Burnside paid a hasty
Washington on Friday night, and had an interview with the President and
THE ARMY OF THE WEST IN MOTION.
The army, according to a dispatch
Cairo, is all in motion.
General Sherman, it is said, left Memphis on 26th,
General Grant commenced to move on 28th along the road to Holly Springs. The
rebels, meantime, are falling back toward Granada, tearing up the track as they
go. They carry off the rails, burn the bridges, and destroy the ties as they
retreat. It is reported that the rebels are removing all their valuables from
DEPARTURE OF GENERAL BANKS.
A portion of General Banks's
expedition left this port on 2d for "the South." The vessels consisted of the
United States transports New Brunswick, Illinois, Northern Light, North Star, J.
S. Green, Haze, Salvor, and others, with troops and provisions. The flotilla
will probably rendezvous at
THE NEGROES IN THE FIELD.
An expedition of the colored
regiment, South Carolina Volunteers, under Lieutenant-Colonel Beard, made quite
a successful attack at Doboy Sound upon the enemy, in which the negroes behaved
very commendably. It is rumored that
General Beauregard has pronounced
Charleston indefensible, and that the inhabitants are moving their property from
ATTACK ON NEWBERN.
A party of 4000 rebels, under
General Martin, made an attack on Newbern, North Carolina, on 27th, but they
were driven back with heavy loss by our troops, commanded by Colonel Kurtz, of
the Massachusetts Twenty-fourth.
THE PIRATE "ALABAMA."
The Navy Department has
information that the
pirate Alabama was expected in the vicinity of the Azores
early in November. She was to receive supplies, ammunition, and seamen from the
steamer Bahama. The Turkish steamer Shasigest was taking dispatches to that
Captain Semmes. Several United States vessels are in that
neighborhood. The Vanderbilt returned on 30th, without having seen her.
RELEASE OF STATE PRISONERS.
The release of the State
Fort Warren, in Boston Harbor, was unconditional, as appears by
the following order:
"Col. J. Dimick, U. S. Army, Fort
"The Secretary of War directs
that you release all the Maryland State prisoners; also, any other State
prisoners that may be in your custody, and report to this office.
"E. D. TOWNSEND, Assistant
THE FRENCH OFFER TO MEDIATE.
WE have the text of the dispatch
of M. Drouyn de l'Huys respecting mediation. He says:
"From the commencement of the war
an armed force was set on foot by the belligerents, which since then has been
almost constantly kept up. After so much bloodshed they are now, in that
respect, nearly in the same position, nothing authorizing the presumption that
more decisive military operations will shortly occur, according to the last news
received in Europe. The two armies, on the contrary, were in a condition that
would not allow either party to hope within a brief delay for any decided
advantage to turn the balance and accelerate the conclusion of a peace. All
these circumstances, taken together, point to the opportunity of an armistice,
to which, moreover, under the present circumstances, no strategical objection
can be made. The favorable dispositions toward peace which are beginning to
manifest themselves in the North as well as the South might, on the other hand,
second steps that might be made to recommend the idea of truce. The Emperor has
therefore thought that the occasion has presented itself of offering to the
belligerents the support of the good offices of the maritime Powers, and his
Majesty has charged me to make the proposition of this Government to her
Britannic Majesty, as well as to the Court of Russia. The three Cabinets would
exert their influence at Washington, as well as with the Confederates, to obtain
an armistice for six months, during which every act of war, direct or indirect,
should provisionally cease, on sea as well as on land, and it might be, if
necessary, ulteriorally prolonged.
"The overtures, I need not say,
Sir, would not imply, on our part, any judgment on the origin or issue of the
struggle, nor any pressure upon the negotiations which might, it is to be hoped,
ensue in favor of an armistice. Our task would consist solely in smoothing down
obstacles, and in interfering only in a measure determined upon by the two
THE BRITISH REPLY.
Lord John Russell, in his reply,
says: "After weighing all the information which has been received from America,
her Majesty's Government are led to the conclusion that there is no ground at
the present moment to hope that the Federal Government would accept the
proposals suggested, and a refusal from Washington at the present time would
prevent any speedy renewal of the offer. Her Majesty's Government think,
therefore that it would be better to watch carefully the progress of opinion in
America, and if, as there appears reason to hope, it may be found to have
undergone, or may undergo hereafter, any change, the three courts might then
avail themselves of such change to offer their friendly counsel with a greater
prospect than now exists of its being accepted by the two contending parties."
RUSSIA WILL NOT INTERFERE.
After recalling the constant
efforts of Russia in favor of conciliation, Prince Gortchakoff says that it is
requisite, above all things, to avoid the appearance of any pressure whatever
capable of chilling public opinion in America, or of exercising the
susceptibility of that nation. We believe that a combined measure of the three
great Powers, however conciliatory, if presented in an official or officious
character, would be the cause of arriving at a result opposed to pacification.
If, however, France should persist in her intention of mediation, and England
should acquiesce in her course, instructions shall be sent to Baron Stoeckl, at
Washington, to lend to both his colleagues there (the French and English
Ministers), if not official aid, at least moral support.
A FAIR ARRANGEMENT.
ALDERMAN (just elected).—"Now,
Sonny, you go and do the fighting, and me and the Judge will look after the
Government and the Contracts."