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Page) such an hour and in such a place? Have you ever reflected that
a man is honorably upon his good behavior always? Would it not suit you just as
well to close your door instead of banging it, and to lay your boots quietly at
your door instead of dashing them down?
It is at least worth thinking of.
Believe me, it is such little cares that make life smooth and easy. Have you
ever observed that if a man does a purely generous and courteous action, and
departs from that great brazen rule of conduct, "Every man for himself and the
de'il for the hindmost," he has often a half-ashamed air, as if he were "green"
or had been taken in? What a pitiful comment it is upon our daily intercourse!
You and I are strangers. I never saw you, nor you me; nor shall we ever know
that the other was his neighbor last night. But I am addressing the lodger in
the opposite room. I think it was No. 48. If you are he, this letter is meant
for you. If you are he, let me urge you not to make yourself a nuisance in every
hotel neighborhood into which you may venture. It is easy to be courteous in
manners if your soul is courteous. I shall believe that yours is so, but that
you have unconsciously formed a bad habit. Conquer it. Respect your neighbors in
the hotel. Don't scold and swear like a northeaster. Don't bang your door. Don't
slam your boots. Don't steal the sleep for which your neighbors have paid, but
be the gentleman you wish to be. Good-morning, neighbor.
Your faithful friend,
THE young gentlemen at Cambridge
University in England have been lately debating in their club the question
whether the cause of the North is or is not the cause of Human Progress. One
hundred and seventeen young gentlemen, including the oldest son of Lord Russell,
voted against thirty-three that it was not.
If now the people of Scotland
should secede from the union with England in order to open the slave-trade and
extend the beneficent area of slave labor, it would be the cause of human
progress, and budding young British statesmen would decide by heavy votes in
their Debating Clubs that the British Government was tyrannical and the foe of
human welfare in resisting the effort. Or if not, why not?
Of course the Cambridge Debating
Club has already declared that the cause of Ireland in rebelling against Great
Britain was that of human progress. Or if not, why not?
Naturally also the legislators of
Cambridge saw in the revolt of the Sepoys a vindication of the rights of human
nature against tyranny. Or if not, why not?
When Mr. Fagin helps himself to
his neighbor's handkerchief in the Strand and takes to his heels, he illustrates
the great cause of human progress. And policeman X, who pursues him, is an
overbearing bully trying to show his greater strength by knocking over the
gallant and chivalric Fagin. So votes the Cambridge conclave of young English
gentlemen. Or if not, why not?
The enforcement of laws made by
common consent is hopeless and wicked despotism:
The use of constitutional powers
by the President makes him rather worse than Bomba of Naples:
Stealing forts and arms, robbing
the treasury, and firing upon the flag of your country and your fellow-citizens
defending it, and all confessedly for no other purpose than to secure immunity
in stealing other people, and making them work without wages and raise children
for somebody else to sell, are the acts of a heroic people, of a race of
gentlemen, of natural lords of the soil:
These are some of the excellent
doctrines affirmed by the Debating Society of young gentlemen at Cambridge,
England. At Oxford they cheer for that great and good man,
Jefferson Davis. The
other benefactors and heroes, Jonathan Wild, William Kidd, Benedict Arnold, and
Richard Turpin, are either in the gallery of English University heroes, or in
Madame Tussaud's Exhibition, we for-get which. Mr. and Mrs. Manning are also
Hatred of the United States is an
epidemic which rages with frightful violence all over England. The nation is
demented. It foams at the word Union. It laughs at Liberty. It cheers a man
whose only distinction is that he tried to destroy the best of governments for
the basest of purposes. It extols a rebellion which has no solitary excuse to
urge for its atrocities. And the hatred is futile. It is utterly impotent.
England—always excepting the truly generous and noble names that we all know by
heart—glares at us in a rage it can not gratify, hoping that the ruin it can not
inflict may overwhelm us. We feed its spindles and its people. If we absolutely
stopped both cotton and grain England would wail and die. She is livid with
jealousy. The rot has struck even to her heart, and young Englishmen, babbling a
lesson they have heard and do not understand, cheerfully vote that the cause of
human slavery is the cause of human progress.
If a more ludicrous and pitiable
spectacle was ever seen at Cambridge University it is not recorded. Oxford
refused to make Mr. Edward Everett an LL.D. because he had been a Unitarian
clergyman. But that was merely the dull, regulation bigotry of a British
Institution. This is disloyalty to man, and to the great cause whose defense is
the sole glory of England hitherto—the cause of civil liberty under law.
A GREEK REVOLUTION.
THE King of Greece has retired
from business, but not by his own choice. He and his Queen left Athens for a
short tour in the country. Some of the provinces rose in revolt, not attacking
him, but abstractly protesting against his Government. The people of Athens
immediately began to move. The peasants of Attica crowded into the city. The
soldiers were put on guard at the palace, in which
a poor old duenna, or royal
housekeeper, Madame Pulsky, had been left in charge. The people appeared before
it, and the soldiers joined them. Poor old Madame Pulsky was taken to the house
of the British Minister. The King and Queen arrived in a steamer at the Pireus,
the port of Athens, but did not land ; and his royal Majesty, at that safe
distance, heroically declared that he would not resign his crown—unless all the
people wanted him to do so. All the people did want it, and King Otho abdicated,
and sailed away from his kingdom. The revolution was accomplished, and not a
life was lost.
A Provisional Government was
formed, supported by the army and the people, for in Greece, as elsewhere, they
are two separate powers. The formation of this Government was probably the act
of a clique of leaders, although the fact does not appear. In such a commotion
the names of well-known citizens were doubtless suggested to the crowd as fit
members of a Government, and rudely ratified by the popular assent. The members
immediately published an address, in which they say that they maintain the
constitutional monarchical government — that Greece is eternally grateful to the
three Great Powers of Europe—that they will enforce the laws and convoke the
National Assembly. A more peaceful revolution was never wrought.
The next step is the agreement of
the three dry-nurses of Greece upon a king. Otho was a son of King Louis of
Bavaria, Lola Montez's Louis. There is some talk of offering the crown to an
English Prince; but Russia would hardly care to see Greece erected into a
British dependency. It is easy to begin a revolution, but not so easy to make it
do exactly what you wish. You may guide the stream to your mill, but whether it
will run smoothly in your race and turn the wheel for your grist, or sweep wheel
and race and mill itself to destruction, is a profoundly interesting inquiry.
But what a commentary upon modern
monarchical systems! What king seated by a revolution in our time feels secure
in his seat? Enthroned by a popular tumult, he is always accountable to it. He
may escape the reckoning either by governing well or by enforcing acquiescence
by an army. But since the popular will is the real source of his power, the part
of wisdom is to regulate the expression of that will by a fundamental law. A
king by popular election is conceivable. But a monarchy—or chance hereditary
succession of kings—by popular consent, is gradually becoming impossible.
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
THE landlord of a hotel at
Brighton entered in angry mood the sleeping apartment of a boarder, and said,
"Now, Sir, I want you to pay your bill, and you must. I have asked you often
enough; and I'll tell you that you don't leave my house till you pay it!"
"Good," said the lodger, "just put that in writing—make a regular agreement of
it; I'll stay with you as long as I live!"
"Do I believe in second love?
Humph! If a man buys a pound of sugar, isn't it sweet? and when it's gone don't
he want another pound, and isn't that sweet too? Troth, Murphy, I believe in
"Adelaide, you must spend your
money more prudently, because by-and-by, when you are grown up, you will have
need of it." "Perhaps I shall, but if I should die young, as a great many do, I
should lose the good of the money. I think I had much better spend it now, and
make use of it."
WHAT THE WIND'S LIKE.—Charles
Bannister, the inveterate punster, going into a coffee-room one stormy night,
said, "I never saw such a wind in my life." "Saw a wind!" says a friend. "I
never heard of such a thing as seeing a wind; and, pray what is it like?"
"Like!" answered Charley, "like to have blown my head off."
Why is a dinner like
spring?—Because a single swallow never makes it.
SHAMELESS PARODY.—Every one has
admired Parthenia's definition of love to Ingomar:
"What love is, if thou wouldst be
taught, Thy heart must teach alone
Two souls with but a single
Two hearts that beat as one."
Some profane cynic, having no
fear of Cupid before his eyes, perpetrates the following villainous parody:
"Love is a nightmare with one
Two children with one bun;
Two turnips with a single root;
Two cabbage-heads as one."
A man of quality who had a very
little nose joked a soldier whose nose was very large. "My body!" said the
soldier, "why are you as angry at my nose? Do you think it was made at the
expense of yours?"
"Mr. Smith," said a little
fellow, the other evening, to his sister's beau, "I wish you wouldn't praise our
Ann Maria's eyes any more. You've made her so proud now that she won't speak to
cousin Laura, nor help mother the least bit."
Mrs. Partington, hearing that a
young man had set up for himself, "Poor fellow!" said she, "has he no friend
that will set up for him part of the time?" And she sighed to be young again.
General Howard's right arm was
shattered by a ball during the recent battles, and was
amputated above the
elbow. While being borne on a litter he met General Kearney, who had lost his
left arm in Mexico. "I want to make a bargain with you, General," said Howard,
"that hereafter we buy our gloves together."
It is a bad sign to see a man
with his hat off at midnight explaining the theory and principles of true
politeness to his shoes.
"Man," says Adam Smith, "is an
animal that makes bargains. No other animal does this—no dog exchanges bones
Many persons seem to be of
Franklin's opinion, "that time is money;" they take so much of it to pay their
THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC.
ON November 21
commanding the Right Grand Division of the Army of the Potomac, formally
demanded the surrender of
Fredericksburg. The demand was conveyed by General
Patrick to the Mayor and Council of the city under a flag of truce. General
Sumner's communication complained that the troops under his command had been
fired upon from the city; that the mills and factories there were supplying aid
to the rebels, and the railroads running from the city were forwarding
provisions to the rebel army. He declared that this must terminate, demanded the
surrender of the city, and gave sixteen hours—from five o'clock P.M. on
Saturday— for women and children and the sick to be removed. The civic
authorities, in their interview with General Patrick, offered to remedy the
evil, as far as firing upon our troops and furnishing supplies to the rebel army
was concerned; but they refused to surrender the city, and complained of the
short time allowed to remove the sick and the women and children.
After the interview with the
civil authorities, General Sumner informed them that if they had any further
communication to present, General Patrick would meet them again the next
morning. On 22d, accordingly, the Mayor and Councils came over, accompanied by
General Kershaw, Colonel Bland, and Captain King, of Georgia. The officers
claimed that the civil authorities could make no proposition, unless the same
was approved by them. General Patrick declined to receive these officers.
General Burnside assented to their reception, and the
parties returned. The civil authorities asked for an extension of the time
allowed for the removal of the women and children, alleging that the trains had
been frightened off by our artillery, and that it would be impossible for a
train to leave before night. The city being absolutely destitute of other means
of transportation their request was complied with, and the time extended until
eleven o'clock A.M. on 23d (Sunday). No attack was made on Sunday or Monday.
General McClernand's expedition down the Mississippi River is now being
organized at Columbus, Kentucky. It is designed to open the whole river as far
New Orleans, and will consist of a force of 40,000. The gun-boat fleet of
Commodore Porter will participate in the movement. The fleet consists of ten
gun-boats, carrying 121 guns. Vicksburg will probably be the most important
point of attack; but with such a force, and Admiral Farragut, with his fleet of
gun-boats below that city to cooperate with
Porter and McClernand, the
defenses at Vicksburg will not present any very formidable obstacles.
THE BANKS' EXPEDITION.
In the Banks' expedition New York
will certainly have five regiments, Connecticut five regiments, Maine three
regiments, and Massachusetts eight regiments of infantry, one of cavalry, and
three batteries of artillery.
SKIRMISH NEAR SUFFOLK.
Our pickets were driven in at
Suffolk on 19th, but General Peck immediately sent out a force which drove all
the rebels clear over the Blackwater River. The bridges across the river and the
adjoining creeks are being rapidly constructed by our troops. At latest accounts
every thing was quiet in that direction.
The two officers of
McClellan's staff who had been recently arrested and sent to
Washington—Lieutenant-Colonel Colburn and Captain Duane—have been released from
an arrest, which appears to have been merely technical, and are ordered to
report for duty; the latter to General Brannan, in South Carolina, and the
former, Colonel Colburn, takes charge of an important bureau in the
COST AND STATE OF OUR ARMY.
The estimates for the expenses of
our army for the ensuing year are set down at four hundred and twenty-eight
millions of dollars. The requisitions upon the Paymaster's Department still
unpaid amount to forty-eight millions. According to the reports in the
Adjutant-General's office, the number of soldiers on the sick list at this
moment amounts to nearly one-sixth of the entire army in the service of the
United States—namely, one hundred and six thousand men.
RELEASE OF POLITICAL PRISONERS.
An important order was issued by
the War Department on 23d, which releases from custody all those now held upon
charges of discouraging enlistments, opposing the
draft, etc. This order will
Forts Lafayette and
Warren, and the other military prisons of many of
CHANGE IN THE REBEL CABINET.
A change has taken place in the
rebel Cabinet. General Randolph has been removed from, or has resigned, the
position of Secretary of War; and James A. Seddon, of Virginia, appointed in his
AFFAIRS IN LOUISIANA.
A series of orders have recently
been issued by
General Butler, which serve as additional proof that no
difficulty can arise in his Department which he is not able to grasp. The
property within the District recently possessed by our forces under General
Weitzel, to be known as the Lafourche District, is declared sequestered, and all
sales or transfers of it are forbidden. This District comprises all the
Territory of Louisiana lying west of the Mississippi, excepting the parishes of
Plaquemine and Jefferson. A Commission is appointed to take possession of the
District, and the sugar plantations are to be worked by them where they are not
worked by their owners, and negro or white labor may be employed at discretion.
All property belonging to disloyal persons is to be inventoried and sold for the
benefit of the Government, under the provisions of the Confiscation Act. Another
order suppresses distilleries and other manufactories of strong drink. Another
one announces that any officer found drinking intoxicating liquors in any public
drinking-place will be recommended to the President for dismissal from the
service. Another one suppresses the newspaper known as the National Advocate for
an improper publication. Still another prohibits the arrest of any slave unless
the person arresting knows that such slave is owned by a loyal citizen. General Shepley, as Military Governor of the State, has also issued two important
orders. One directs an election of two members of Congress from the First and
Second Congressional Districts of the State. The election is appointed for the
3d of December, and is to fill vacancies in the Thirty-seventh Congress. The
other exempts household goods from seizure to the amount of $300.
A SOUTHERN PROTEST AGAINST
General Pemberton, the successor
of General Van Dorn in the command of the rebel troops in the Southwest, made a
speech on assuming command in which he said: In regard to the question of
interference by Europe, we want no interference in our private quarrel. [Great
applause.] We must settle the question ourselves, or fail entirely. The moment
England interferes, she will find us a united people, and she will have to meet
with the armies of the South as well as of the North. [Cheers, and cries of
"Yes, yes, yes!" from every quarter. "No interference." "Let us settle it
between us."] I am glad to see you thus united on this question; and with a
reliance on ourselves, and a firm trust in the God of Battles, in a few days
your General will again fling your banners to the breeze and march forward to
retrieve the recent disasters we have suffered in this Department.
COTTON COMING FORWARD.
Cotton is now coming into
freely, and in large quantities, from points along the line of the Memphis and
Charleston Railroad, as far out as
Corinth. The steamer Platte Valley brought up
a load of nine hundred bales of cotton to
Cairo a few days ago, which is the
largest single load that has arrived since the breaking out of the rebellion.
This was all she could carry at the present stage of water, and she was
compelled to leave a large amount on the Memphis levee, awaiting shipment. The
impression prevails at Memphis that cotton will now come in there as rapidly as
steamers can be found to bring it away. West Tennessee is now about free both
from the regular armies of the rebels and guerrilla bands. The last vestige of
the latter were routed and driven in confusion across the Tennessee, near Fort
Henry, a few days ago, by General Ransom.
THE PROPOSED MEDIATION SCHEME.
The London Gazette publishes
Russell's official reply, dated November 13.
It recapitulates the circular of
Drouyu de l'Huys proposing mediation. It recognizes the humane views and
benevolent intentions of the Emperor; observes that the concurrence of Russia
would be expressly desirable; but that up to the present time the Russian
Government had not agreed to actively co-operate, although it may support the
endeavors of England and France. The question for consideration was, "Whether
the end proposed is attainable at the present time?"
Earl Russell then commends the
decision of her Majesty's Government as follows:
After weighing all information
received from America, the Government is led to conclude that there is no ground
at the present moment to hope that the Federal Government would accept the
proposal suggested, and a refusal from Washington at the present time would
prevent any speedy renewal of the offer of the Government; therefore he thinks
it better to watch carefully the progress of opinion in America, and if—as there
appears reason to hope—it may be found to have undergone, or may undergo, any
change, this Government may then avail themselves of such change to offer their
friendly counsel with a greater prospect than now exists of its being accepted
by the contending parties.
Her Majesty's Government will
communicate to the French Government any intelligence they may receive from
Washington or Richmond bearing on this important subject.
THE IMPERIAL POLICY.
M. DE PERSIGNY, in a circular to
the French prefects, declares that M. Thouvenel's dismissal, and M. Drouyn de
l'Huys' appointment to the office of Minister of Foreign Affairs, indicate no
change in Napoleon's Italian policy. The Emperor has always intended "neither to
sacrifice the Pope to Italy, nor Italy to the Pope."
MORE OF MR. KENNEDY'S WORK.
they've been after
suspending Habeas Corpus,
have they? An' what
fur did they do that?"
SECOND CITIZEN.—"Oh just
nothing, only he wus a poor man had no friends, I suppose."