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SEPTEMBER 6, 1862.
[SINGLE COPIES SIX CENTS.
$2 50 PER
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the Year 1862, by Harper & Brothers, in
the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Southern District of New York.
THOMAS FITCH ROWLAND ESQ., BUILDER OF THE NEW MONITORS.
MR. T. F. ROWLAND.
publish on this page a portrait of Mr.
who is building most of the
and turrets. Mr. Rowland was born at New Haven, Connecticut, on March 15, 1831,
and is consequently thirty-one years of age. While yet a boy he drove an engine
on the New Haven Railroad ; and subsequently, on the occasion of some great
racing which took place on the Sound boats, he became an engineer on board of
one of them. Feeling, however, that he was fit for something better than
driving an engine, he entered the Allaire Works in this city as an apprentice
some ten years ago. In that extensive establishment he found free scope for his
ability, and after two years'
work in the shop and two more years in the drawing-room he became Superintending
Under his superintendence the engines of the
and several other well-known vessels were built. In the year 1859 Mr. Rowland
took a ship-yard at Greenpoint,
Long Island, and commenced the construction of
iron vessels. He
built several well-known vessels, and took a high stand among shipbuilders. When
the war broke out business came to Mr. Rowland with a rush. He prepared several
of the vessels employed
Hilton Head expedition, and likewise the mortar-schooners which sailed
was he who built, under
supervision, the first
He is now engaged in building three of the new 200 feet
and, as soon as room can be found in his ship-yard, will commence the
construction of the great Monitor
which is to be 340 feet long. Mr. Rowland is building, besides these vessels,
three turrets for
whose hulls are being constructed elsewhere.
Dr. Rowland commenced life as a poor boy, and never had any help from any one
but himself. His own
industry and energy have raised him to the proud position which he occupies. His
career contains a useful lesson for young men.
THE " IRONSIDES."
publish herewith a picture of the
IRON-CLAD FRIGATE " IRONSIDES"
left Philadelphia on 23d with sealed orders, but we shall probably hear from her
short period of time.
Before sailing all her spars were taken
out, so that she presents
nothing but a bare hull with
smoke-stack, pilot-house, and two pivot 100-pounder
rifled guns on her spar deck. She is 240 feet long, 58 feet beam, 3250 tons
register, and draws
14 feet of water. Her armament is the heaviest ever sent to sea on a single
vessel. On her gun-deck she carries sixteen 11-inch
and on her spar deck two 100-pound Parrott guns. All of these are pivot guns,
and can be trained to bear on any point of the compass.
It is expected that her sides will withstand any shot which may be
brought to bear on them. They consist of two feet of solid oak, plated with
4-inch iron. If shot penetrate this the builders will be surprised. The
Galena is a very different and much less substantial vessel.
Inquirer of 22d says:
This iron-clad vessel, which has been in course of construction
for the past six months at the yard of Cramp
& Son, and afterward at the yard of Merrick & Son, at the
foot of Reed Street, has been entirely completed, and yesterday
left this port.
As the tide changed, and as soon as it turned her bow
southward, the anchor was weighed with great enthusiasm
by the crew, and at a quarter least 6 o'clock
commenced to move down the stream. Ten minutes
later her propeller began to
revolve, end she steamed down the
river at the rate of six knots an hour,
with forty revolutions
per minute. As she moved, the sailors in the receiving-ship
Princeton mounted the masts
and rigging, and
gave three hearty cheers for her success. Large numbers
of persons assembled to witness the departure
on the various
wharves in the vicinity and at the Navy-yard. She
was accompanied by a steam-tug as far as the Magazine.
Powhatan has gone to sea with the
who takes exception to some of our statements in regard to the Rodman and other
new guns, writes as follows:
"In Rodman's last guns—the 15-inch
for the iron-clads—his model has been modified in some respects, especially by
shortening, and the guns will be cast on Rodman's
'circulating water core.'
All his other guns—the 9-inch, 11-inch, and other sizes—are
cast solid. The peculiarity of a ' Rodman'
gun is the hollow casting, with a stream of water running through the 'core
barrel' during the process, and,
in fact, until the gun is almost cool.
The 15-inch gun, (
and others) at
Fortress Monroe are
Columbiads. Of these large Columbiads
four have been made; one is bored to a 12-inch rifle—the ' Union.'
Of the 15-inch Dahlgrens some
half-dozen have been cast—none are finished. One will be ready in a week
or two, and the firm will probably furnish two per week afterward until their
contract is filled. Larger guns—20 and 30 inch—have been
nothing more. The 15-inch throws
a solid shot of about, 460 pounds ; the
20-inch of about 1000 pounds ; the 30-inch, if such could be made, of
3500 pounds. The 20-inch will probably be made; the manufacture of a 30-inch gun
is quite unlikely."
THE IRON-CLAD FRIGATE
"IRONSIDES" IN FIGHTING
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