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Page) suffering of
General Corcoran—the purely patriotic ardor of
Generals Meagher and Busteed—are the best guarantee of the conduct of the
intelligent part of their countrymen. They see clearly that they have nothing to
gain, and every thing to lose, by the success of the rebellion. Many of them
belong to the hark-working population, and that is a class which the leaders of
the rebellion despise. In the Confederacy, were it established, they would soon
lose all political privilege, while the labor by which they lived would be
brought into disgrace by the system of slavery. In the State of South Carolina,
from which the insurrection sprang, there is already a property qualification
for voters which would effectually exclude the immense majority of our Irish
citizens who live by their own labor.
And that is the spirit of the
rebellion. The men who believe in that exclusion are the men who lead this
revolution. It did not begin among the poorer, hard-working class, but with men
who foolishly declare that they were born to rule other men. It is exactly the
spirit of the British aristocracy—the class to which our Southern aristocracy is
most allied in sympathy. It is by that sympathy also that the governing classes
in England so ardently wish the success of the rebellion. For it would be the
triumph of the aristocratic system and the ruin of democracy.
THE CONDITIONS OF WAR.
THERE are accounts of various
persons arrested for discouraging enlistment by wishing well to the rebellion,
and ardently desiring that our soldiers may be captured, beaten, and killed. It
would seem, as a general rule, that the mere casual expression of such
sentiments by private persons might be left to the contempt which they naturally
excite. But if they are addressed to those about to enlist, or who are
considering the subject, then the speakers may fairly be dealt with in the
discretion of the Government.
For it must be constantly borne
in mind that, when we accepted war, we accepted the conditions of war. When the
rebellion announced itself at
Sumter there were but two methods open to us.
One was to yield to it, and avoid war by surrender and the destruction of the
Government. The other was to take up arms. Instinctively the nation chose war.
But war is totally inconsistent with our civilization and the unrestricted
enjoyment of personal and political rights. We were obliged to descend to it to
save that civilization, and we must abide by its rules or we are foolish and
The discipline of ever being the
severest despotism, we were and are all submitted to it. It compasses its ends
by brute force. It must have unity of sentiment, or, that being impossible, it
must secure freedom from hostile criticism. It must supersede the ordinary
processes of law. It must enforce measures which, to our ordinary habit, would
seem most threatening. And it must do all these things, because not to do them
when you are at war is to expose yourself to mortal peril.
But what is our security against
the absolute destruction of those rights which war suspends? Nothing but the
character of the men in whose hands the authority lies, and in that of the
troops they command. In our country at this moment, if the President were
disposed to abuse the enormous power confided to him, the army and the generals
would be a restraint upon him. If the generals, or any one of them, were
disposed to try the game of Napoleon or Cromwell, they would find themselves
deserted by the army, which is not their tool, but in that case a body of
fellow-citizens. If the army itself could be supposed to play the country false,
they have the arms and the discipline. But the army is the people, or the
representatives of the people.
The talk of the loss of our
liberties, then, in which the foreign and domestic enemy so loudly indulges, is
only twaddle. War, willingly accepted, is the willing renunciation of rights for
a certain time and for a particular purpose. The existence of those rights is
threatened by the rebellion, not by the nation. It is to save the fundamental
guarantee of those rights that they are temporarily suspended, as, when your
eyesight is threatened, you are doomed to temporary darkness in order to escape
THE rebels have pursued Union men
within their lines with the ferocity of wild beasts. They have seized their
property and persons: they have tortured and hung them at their mad pleasure.
The story of
Parson Brownlow's book inspires a feeling of
the utmost abhorrence of those men in whom a blind rage at their own chimeras
has extinguished humanity.
General Pope issued an order, in accordance
with the universal usage of war, that his army should be subsisted upon the
enemy; that is to say, that the rebels should help pay the expense of
suppressing their rebellion. There was nothing unusual nor cruel in the order.
The enemy and the world have the right to laugh at our feebleness, that it was
so long delayed.
Jeff Davis has undertaken to retaliate upon
what he calls this barbarous plan. He has denounced General Pope and his
officers as felons—and is reported authentically to have confined the brave men
taken at Cedar Mountain and to feed them upon bread and water.
The instinctive wish of every
generous mind is that our Government should teach him, in the only way by which
he can he taught, that his ferocity must be somewhat restrained. The rebels can
not be dealt with as honorable men, for their conspiracy began in perjury, and
they laugh honor to scorn. If they have more prisoners of rank than we, it would
be folly in us to resort to extreme measures, for they would only sacrifice our
own men. But if we have the most, Jeff Davis should be plainly informed that his
men in our hands answered for ours in his. Every degree of severity is consonant
with the duty of protecting our brave boys from his ferocity.
If it be said that this would
begin a war of extermination, there is but one answer—that the responsibility
must rest where it belongs. Our first duty is to our loyal fellow-citizens who
have braved death for us, and have now fallen into the enemy's hands. If they
are well treated by them, well. If not, let them feel it in the only way they
can be made to.
If it be said that it is terrible
to think of every officer of ours who falls hereafter into the enemy's power
suffering a retaliatory doom, the answer is, that they do suffer it already. At
this moment they are suffering it, and the sole question is, whether they shall
suffer unavenged. General Buckner, the meanest of traitors, was pleasantly
Fort Warren. We trusted the rebels' word, sent
him home for exchange, and were cheated. They have noble men of ours now, and
they are thrust into cells and treated like the worst criminals; and if we
subsist our troops upon the enemy, and shoot spies and secret foes, they will
hang our men, their prisoners.
That they will do so there is no
doubt. Therefore we must threaten nothing that we do not mean. General Pope's
order should be rescinded, that the prisoners of
Cedar Mountain may be treated like the others;
or a general order should acquaint Davis and his men that the treatment of their
prisoners taken in the field will be exactly graduated by their conduct toward
FAITH THE SOURCE OF GOOD WORKS.
IT is reported that one of our
Generals said that he did not exactly understand why he was fighting on our side
rather than on the other, and in fact could not honestly say that he knew what
the war was about.
The General is doubtless belied,
but the words imputed to him describe what was, beyond question, the feeling of
many good soldiers in the Union army. The actions of many of them unconsciously
show it, however honest they may be. The inexplicable pauses upon the very
high-roads of success; the disappearance from the scene of men distinguished for
going ahead; the victories lost by not being vigorously followed up; the delay
and dilatory advance so constantly remarked—all these are signs of a want of
hearty earnestness which doesn't exactly understand why it is fighting for the
flag instead of against it.
No man can be victorious who does
not believe in his cause. The great and successful Generals were men who had a
profound faith in that if in nothing else. Julius Caesar and Napoleon Bonaparte
meant success at all hazards. They knew very well why they were fighting, and
what for. They had no sympathy or toleration for the enemy. Whatever and whoever
it might be, the enemy was something to be destroyed in the most rapid and
In this matter we need go no
further for a lesson than Jeff Davis and the rebels. They believe fully in their
cause and in themselves. They will stop at nothing to secure success. Bred in a
feudal and barbarous and ignorant society, they are personally brave and
unscrupulous. War is natural to them. The condition of the mass of their
soldiers is better in the camp than at their own homes. They have the ignorance
that inflames hatred, and the ferocity that delights in brutality. They have
proved themselves to be a brave, enduring, desperate enemy.
Now if you send against such men
a leader who thinks that they are half right, that they have been goaded into
rebellion, that their conduct is irregular but very natural, he is beaten before
he marches, and his men are murdered. But it he believed the enemy to be
wantonly, basely wrong; if he appreciated the utter woe and desolation and ruin
that attend the war they have causelessly begun; if he understood the occasion
and the purpose of their fighting, his movement would be so swift and terrible
that if he were beaten it would be because victory was impossible for him.
A leader who fights from a sense
of military etiquette, and not from the profound conviction of the justice of
his cause, may scientifically plan a battle and execute it by proper rules. But
he will not win it against odds and the laws of the art. It is not to be
supposed that in the actual shock of battle men gravely think about the
philosophy of the war; and doubtless upon the field any good General does his
best to win the day. But the whole character of the campaign will be determined
by the General's feeling. If he believes, say in our own war, that the rebels
are half right, his campaign will be half wrong. It will lack nerve and rapidity
and severity. It will temporize and dally and delay. It will encourage the enemy
and dishearten his own men. But if he rates the rebels at their true value as
enemies of his country, of his race, and of civil society, he will smite them
every where and incessantly hip and thigh, and they will know that they have to
deal with a resolution as inexorable as their own.
It is for this reason that it is
essential for every leader of the national arms to be as true a patriot as he is
a faithful soldier. It is this earnest conviction of the justice of his cause
which will make his military science available. In our Revolution General Lee
was doubtless a more accomplished military man than Washington; but, the cause
would have been lost had he been Commander-in-Chief, for he did not especially
care about it. So it was chiefly faith in the cause, not military ability, that
established the English Commonwealth.
This nation believes with all its
heart in the work it is doing. Let it have for leaders only men who equally
believe, and the work will be done speedily and done well.
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
SQUALID BEGGAR. "Pray, Sir, take
pity on a miserable wretch; I have a wife and six children."
GENT. "My poor fellow, accept my
heartfelt sympathy; so have I."
What is it you must keep after
giving it to another? Your word.
LAMB.—An ambitious young lady was
talking very loud and fast about her favorite authors, when a literary chap
asked her it she liked Lamb. With a look of ineffable disgust she answered her
interlocutor that she cared very little about what she ate compared with
A country clergyman, who, on
Sundays, is more indebted to his manuscript than to his memory, called
unceremoniously at a cottage while Its possessor, a pious parishioner, was
engaged (a daily excercise) in perusing a paragraph of the writings of an
inspired prophet. "Weel, John," familiarly inquired the clerical visitant,
"what's this you are about?" "I am prophesying," was the prompt reply.
"Prophesying!" exclaimed the astounded divine; "I doubt you are only reading a
prophecy." "Weel," argued the religious rustic, "giff reading a proechin' be
preachin', is us reading a prophecy prophesying?"
A Presbyterian minister, in the
reign of King William III., performing public worship in the Tron Church at
Edinburgh, used this remarkable expression in his prayer: "Lord have mercy upon
all fools and idiots, and particularly upon the town council of Edinburgh!"
When the regulations of West
Boston Bridge were drawn up by two famous lawyers, one section was written,
accepted, and now stands thus: "And the said proprietors shall meet annually on
the first Tuesday of June, provided the same does not fall on Sunday."
An Englishmen in Philadelphia,
speaking of the Presiidency of Washington, was expressing a wish to an American
to behold him. While this conversation passed, "There he goes," replied the
American, pointing to a tall, erect, dignified personage passing on the other
side of the street. "That General Washington!" exclaimed the Englishmen. "Where
is his guard?" "Here," replied the American, striking his bosom with emphasis.
In a cathedral, one day after
service, the bellows-blower said to the organist, "I think we have done very
well today." " We!" said the organist, in no small surprise at the impudence of
his menial; "how can you pretend to have any merit in the performance? Never let
me hear you say such a thing again," The man said nothing more at the time, but
when they were next playing he suddenly intermitted in his task of inflating the
organ. The organist rose in wrath to order him to proceed, when the fellow,
thrusting his head out from behind the curtain, asked slyly, "Shall it be we,
A farmer was elected to a
corporalship in a militia company. His wife, after discoursing with him for some
time on the advantage which the family would derive from his exaltation,
inquired, in a doubting tone, "Husband, will it be proper for us to let our
children play with the neighbors now?" One of the little urchins eagerly asked,
"Are we not all corporate?" "Tut," said the mother, "hold your tongue; there is
no one corporal but your father and myself."
A barrister observed to a learned
brother in court that he thought his whiskers were very unprofessional. "You are
right," replied his friend; "a lawyer can not be too barefaced."
In the newspaper account of an
inquest held on the body of a glutton, who died by devouring part of a goose,
the verdict suffocation was printed, with more truth than was intended,
A parson who had a scolding wife
one day brought home a brother clergyman to dinner. Having gone into a separate
apartment to talk to his spouse about the repast, she attacked and abused him
for bringing a parcel of idle fellows to eat up their income. The parson,
provoked at. her behavior, said, in a pretty loud tone, "If it were not for the
stranger, I would give you a good drubbing." "Oh!" cried the visitor, "I beg you
will make no stranger of me."
A sponger was reproached one day
for dining so often among his friends. "What would you have me to do?" answered
he; "I am pressed to do it." "True," answered Monk Lewis, "there is nothing more
pressing than hunger."
An exquisitely-dressed young
gentleman, after buying another seal to dangle about his delicate person, said
to the jeweler that "he would-ah like to have-ah something engraved on it-ah, to
denote what he was." "Certainly, certainly; I will put a cipher on it," said the
Old Mrs. Darnley is a pattern of
household economy. She says she has made a pair of socks last fifteen years by
merely knitting new feet to them every winter, and legs every other winter.
The three most difficult things
are—to keep a secret, to forget an injury, and to make good use of leisure.
An Irishman once observed that
mile-stones were kind enough to answer your questions without giving you the
trouble to ask them.
Why is the circulation of the
blood sometimes suspended? Because it attempts to circulate in vein.
DO YOU GIVE IT UP?
When is a man likely to be
completely sewed up? When he feels a stitch in his site.
Why is it wrong to speak the
truth? Because there is sin in sincerity.
ARMY OF THE POTOMAC.
GENERAL McCLELLAN left
Fortress Monroe with a large portion of his
army on the 21st inst. His destination was
Aquia Creek, where he arrived on 22d
with a portion of his army.
Fitz John Porter's corps, which sailed from
Harrison's Landing some time since, is with
Pope. General Burnside and his army are at or near
THE ARMY OF VIRGINIA.
General Pope has fallen back from
Culpepper to the north bank of the Rappahanock, followed by the enemy in great
force. From Wednesday, 20th, up to Saturday, 23d, there had been almost constant
fighting till along the Rappahannock from where the Orange and Alexandria
Railroad crosses up to Sulphur Springs, and thence eastward to Warrenton and
Catlett's Station. On Wednesday there was only a single skirmish, the rebels
driving back our pickets, but retiring before a cavalry charge. On Thursday five
rebel regiments had a contest with Siegel's advance, and suffered pretty
severely. On Friday they got to work in earnest, and the fight raged hotly all
day along the river, the enemy trying to cross. They did not succeed. On the
contrary, part of Siegel's men crossed, but did not endeavor to hold position.
On Saturday an artillery duel began at four o'clock, and lasted nearly all day,
the enemy still working up along the river to turn our flank. The loss of life
is of course unknown, but it can not be very large on either side, as there were
few close encounters. The prisoners on either side can not be very numerous; 200
taken by our army have arrived at
Washington. The boldest dash of the enemy was
that made by Stuart's cavalry upon Catlett's Station, where they succeeded in
capturing General Pope's papers and money. At latest dates all was again quiet
along the lines.
PRESIDENT ON THE NEGRO QUESTION. EXECUTIVE MANSION, WASHINGTON, Aug, 22, 1862.
DEAR SIR,—I have just read yours
of the 19th, addressed to myself, through the New York Tribune. If there be in
it any statements or assumptions of fact which I may know to be erroneous, I do
not now and here controvert it. If there be in it any inference which I believe
to be falsely drawn, I do not now and here argue against it. If there be
perceptible in it an impatient and dictatorial tone, I
waive it, in deference to an old
friend, whose heart I have always supposed to be right.
As to the policy I "seem to be
pursuing," as you say, I have not meant to leave any one in doubt. I would save
the Union. I would save it the shortest way under the Constitution. The sooner
the national authority can be restored, the nearer the Union will be "the Union
as it was."
If there be those who would not
save the Union unless they could at the same time save slavery, I do not agree
with them. If there be those who would not save the Union unless they could at
the same time destroy slavery, I do not agree wish them. My paramount object in
this struggle is to save the Union, and is not either to save or to destroy
slavery. If I could save the Union without freeing any
slave I would do it, and if I could save it by
freeing all the slaves I would do it. And if I could save it by freeing some and
leaving others alone, I would also do that. What I do about slavery and the
colored race I do because I believe it helps to save this Union. And what I
forbear, I forbear because I do not believe it would help to save the Union. I
shall do less whenever I shall believe what I am doing hurts the came; and I
shall do more whenever I shall believe doing more will help the cause. I shell
try to correct errors when shown to be errors, and I shall adopt new views so
fast as they shall appear to be true views.
I have here stated my purpose
according to my view of official duty, and I intend no modification of my
oft-expressed personal wish that all men every where could be free. Yours, A.
MEETING OF THE REBEL CONGRESS.
The rebel Congress met in
Richmond on the 18th instant, on which occasion Jeff Davis submitted his annual
message. He leads off in his usual hypocritical style, and then alludes to the
Federal Government as "robbers," "assassins," etc., ad infinitum. He next speaks
of and recommends retaliatory measures to meet the late laws recently passed by
the Federal Government; recommends the issue of more rebel treasury
shinplasters, and alludes to the building of rebel war vessels "at home and
abroad." The resolutions introduced in the rebel House are highly significant of
the future policy of the rebel government.
THE NEW STATE GOVERNMENT OF
Hon. Jamey F. Robinson was inagurated Governor of Kentucky, in the
hall of the House of Representatives, at Frankfort, on the 18th inst., the
Senate and its officers being present. Mr. Robinson made a speech. He possesses
the entire confidence of the Union party of Kentucky. D. C. Wickliffe is to be
the Secretary of State, and James W. Tate is to be Assistant-Secretary. The
Senate, by unanimous vote, re-elected Hon. John F. Fisk Speaker of that body.
GUERILLAS TO BE PUT DOWN.
Energetic measures have been
adopted in the West to put a stop to the
raids of the marauding and predatory
bands of rebels in Kentucky and Tennessee. Ten Indiana regiments, besides
cavalry and artillery, have already gone into Kentucky, the infantry having
practical field-generals acting as colonels. It appears certain that the
citizens of the West are no longer to be put into a constant state of terror by
the wild and rapid movements of a few guerrillas.
The Mayor of Henderson, Kentucky,
is said to have gone over to the rebels and taken service in their army. His
property has been seized, and a new election ordered. All the members of the
City Council were arrested for refusing to take the oath of allegiance, but they
were subsequently released upon resigning, and giving bonds in five thousand
dollars each not to aid or countenance the rebels.
GENERAL ROSECRANS IN THE FIELD.
Front St. Louis it is stated that
General Rosecrans, with 30,000 or 40,000 men, started from
Corinth on Wednesday
toward the southwest, with a prospect of having a brush with the rebels under
Price at Tupelo, Mississippi, on the Mobile and Ohio Railroad. Corinth is still
THE "NIAGARA" TO BE RAZEED.
It has been at last determined to
razee and cover with iron the war steamer Niagara.
GENERAL CORCORAN AT HOME.
General Corcoran arrived in this
city on 23d, and met with a most enthusiastic reception. The streets were
crowded with spectators, and it was asserted by many that the assemblage greatly
outnumbered the crowd that was gathered together on the celebration of the
Atlantic cable or at the reception of the Prince of Wales.
General Corcoran has declined
formally to receive the proffered banquet of the Common Council of New York,
and, for the present at least, an invitation to visit Boston.
THE RHODE ISLAND LEGISLATURE.
Governor Sprague has called an
extra session of the Rhode Island Legislature, to convene on August 20. The
reasons are thus assigned in the preamble of his proclamation: Whereas, the
large bounties given by the several citizens and towns in this state for
volunteers, for the purpose of avoiding a draft, is producing dissatisfaction
among the troops now in the field; and whereas, this system of overbidding by
each town, in its haste to relieve itself from a draft, is a most pernicious
one, and is creating a large debt which is equally divided among the people of
the State, when the cause for which it is incurred is that of all its citizens,
for the preservation of their common country; and whereas, an undue haste has
also been manifested by some of our people to render themselves exempt under the
law from doing military duty.
A dispatch from St. Paul,
Minnesota, states that the Indians in Meeker County, in that State, have
attacked the whites in the town of Acton, and killed several persons, including
men, women, and children. Several persons are also reported to have been
massacred at the Lower Agency. The cause alleged is exasperation at the
non-reception of the money due them from the Government.
CITIZENS OF NEW ORLEANS DISARMED.
An important military order has
been issued in
New Orleans, by which all the inhabitants of that city have been
deprived of their private arms, for the reason that at the battle of Baton Rouge
it was discovered that numbers of the inhabitants of the latter city had been
found among the slain on the battle-field. They had joined the rebel ranks.
ARREST FOR TREASON.
Charles Ingersoll has been
arrested for treasonable or discouraging remarks, made at the
in Philadelphia on Saturday last. Mr. Ingersoll, in his speech, denounced
President Lincoln and the Government in pretty strong terms, and accused them of
disregarding the Constitution, and of being the most corrupt of any in the
world. He also stated that our debt was heavier than that of any other nation,
and one that had the least prospect of ever being paid.
FOREIGNERS NOT TO BE DRAFTED.
Secretary Seward has written a
letter to the British Charge d'Affairs to the effect that foreigners who have
not taken out their full papers are not subject to draft.
THE "TUSCARORA" SENT TO SEA.
THE Tuscarora, which put into
Queenstown lately in the prosecution of her task of watching pirates, has been
ordered off by the British officials.
THE SENTIMENT OF THE EMPEROR.
The St. Petersburg Journal
asserts that the Russian Cabinet desires to sec the present conflict ended by
prudent and honorable compromise, but does not wish to see the country divided.