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Page) aid or sympathy. * * * Under present circumstances, the more
effectually Great Britain guards her possessions and her commerce in this
quarter, the better we shall be satisfied. If she should change her course and
do us any injury, which we have not the least idea now that she proposes to do,
we should not be deterred from vindicating our rights and our unbroken
sovereignty against all the armies and navies she could send here."
Mr. Seward's services to
his country—and they are many and signal, unquestionably greater than those of
any other of our living statesmen—none is more honorable to his country and
himself than his correspondence with Great Britain during the last year.
THE "SATURDAY REVIEW."
THIS is the title of a London
Weekly paper which has a bad eminence for hatred, malice, and all
uncharitableness, especially toward America and Americans. Thackeray calls it
the Superfine Review, from its affectation of universal superiority; and John
Bright dubs it the Saturday Reviler, from its universal scurrility. But an
Americus scholar, Henry James, in a note to his masterly address of last July,
upon " The Social Significance of our Institutions," tells the truth of it in so
trenchant and sparkling a manner that it should be put upon permanent record.
He says : " This able but
unscrupulous paper is an involuntary and therefore most reliable witness of the
utter worthlessness, for all social purposes, of the extremest culture of the
head, which is moral culture, when weighed against the slenderest culture of the
heart, which alone is spiritual culture. It seems to have had no more genuine
mission than to show the rank and festering selfishness which has eaten out the
vitals of the old European decency, coining now at last to the surface to
corrode and consume every traditional usage of humane and sympathetic literary
art which has hitherto masked its presence and limited its activity. If the
Saturday Review fairly represent the scholarly animus of England—if its
flippant, transparent Pharisaism, its puerile self-complacency, its wanton
insolence, its truculent arrogance, exhibited toward every form of intellectual
independence—except, as in the case of John Mill, where a great reputation
sanctities it—and toward every the most honest suggestion of social advance,
fitly represent the academical consciousness of that country—one can only
exclaim, Alas, how changed from its former self! A land (in an intellectual
sense) of deserts and pits, a land of drought and the shadow of death, a land no
man passes through, and where no man dwells. Certainly honest
John Bull was
never before so sophisticated—degraded from a fat, savory, succulent, juicy
beef, to a lean, stringy, sinewy, tendinous veal—from the superb, contented,
disdainful monarch of broad meadows and glittering streams, to the blatant and
menacing and hitting challenger of every innocent scarlet rag that flutters
along private lane or public highway. It is English middle-class manners made
conscious of their own inmost snobbery, and trying to cover it up under an
affectation of coarse and vulgar effrontery toward superior people."
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
"WEATHER AS IS WEATHER."—The
boatmen of the Bay of Naples tell of a Wapping sailor in the Mediterranean, that
he called out to his shipmates, one morning, when there happened, after six
months' clear weather, to be a slight fog, "Turn out, boys! turn out! Here's
weather as is weather; none of your everlasting blue sky!"
Sweetening one's coffee is
generally the first stirring event of the day.
FATHER OF A FAMILY: "Now, my
dears, let use see! we've got the sandwiches and the sherry, and the railway
ticket, and the insurance tickets in case of a collision, so that it is a great
comfort to reflect, in case of any thing serious—" The rest of the speech is
lost in the shriek of the railway engine.
"It is very curious," said an old
gentleman to his friend, "that a watch should be perfectly dry when it has a
running spring inside."
Love, Justice, and Fortune are
said to have no eyes; but all three make us mortals open ours pretty wide
"Sally, what time do your folks
dine?" "Soon as you go away ; that's Missus's orders."
EASE FOR MAN.—By the year two
thousand it is probable that manual labor will have utterly ceased under the
sun, and the occupation of the adjective "hard-fisted" will have gone forever.
They have now in New Hampshire a potato-digging machine, which, drawn by horses
down the rows, digs the potatoes, separates them from the dirt, and loads them
up into the cart, while the farmer walks alongside, whistling "Hail Columbia!"
with his hands in his pockets.
The boy who undertook to ride a
horse-radish is now practicing on a saddle of mutton.
A man, speaking of a place out
West, says it is a perfect paradise, and that though most all the people have
the fever and ague, yet it is a great blessing, for it is the only exercise they
A way to dress,
In the mode, I guess,
Picks a husband's bones quite clean,
And poor Mr. Spratt
Must cry "No fat!"
And his wife will cri-no-lene.
"Now, then, my hearties," a
gallant captain, "you have a tough battle before you. Fight like heroes till
your powder's gone, then—run! I'm a little lame, and I'll start now."
The horse "warranted to stand
without tying," which a man bought at an auction the other day, is offered for
sale by the purchaser, with the additional guaranty that "he will not move
Ugly people are as anxious as
handsome ones to perpetuate their features: probably, having lived so long with
their ugliness, they have become attached to it.
"Is your father at home?"
inquired a man of the little girl who admitted him. "Is your name Bill?" she
asked. Some people call me so," replied he. "Then he is not at home ; for I
heard him tell John, if any bill came, to say he was not at home."
The ocean, which is forever
sounding, sometimes gets sounded.
Who lets one sit on his
shoulders, shall have him presently sit on his head.
Men wounded by the explosion of
bomb-shells are wounded mortarly.
"Although you count yourself a
brighter fellow than I am, yet I can round you, as the earth said to the sun."
The two most precious things now
inclosed in hoops are girls and kegs of whisky.
A good many chairmen at public
meetings don't know how to put a question. Young ladies think it should be
An eloquent speaker is like a
river—greatest at the mouth.
The women must think that we men
are great robbers; we are all the while going about robbing them of their very
Duelists must have their seconds,
and widows are entitled to their thirds.
A man's mouth is made to talk and
eat, yet he often hurts himself dreadfully by talking, and keeps himself by
Some fellows never pay a debt,
except when they owe a grudge.
A SMART SCHOLAR.— "Did you ever
see an elephant's skin?" asked a teacher in an infant school. "I have," shouted
a six-year-old at the foot of the class. "Where?" inquired the teacher,
considerably amused at his earnestness. "On the elephant,"
shouted the prodigy, gleefully.
Don't carry your antipathy
royalty as far as to break the crown of your head.
ON Tuesday, December 24, in the
Senate (the House not being in session), several petitions looking to the
emancipation of slaves were presented. The Committee on Naval Affairs was
instructed to inquire into the manner in which war vessels had been fitted out
at the Navy-yards, rumors of great extravagance having obtained currency. A
petition of citizens of Boston relative to the freedom of the Press was
presented by Senator Hale. After an executive session the Senate adjourned.
On Thursday, December 26, in the
Senate, Senator Hale offered a resolution requesting the President, if not
incompatible with the public interests, to transmit copies of all dispatches
which have passed between the United States Government and that of Great Britain
relative to the
capture of the rebel envoys—Slidell and Mason—the documents to
be communicated either in open or secret session, as may be deemed proper.
Senator Hale supported his proposition in a speech of a decidedly warlike tone.
Senator Sumner, Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, objected to the
resolution. The subject, he said, was now in good hands, and it would be better
for the Senate to reserve themselves for facts, and not act upon a hypothetical
case. The resolution was then laid over, under the rule. Notice was given of a
bill to provide for the confiscation of every species of property of all persons
in rebellion against the Government. Senator Harlan introduced a bill
establishing provisional governments in all the seceded States—it was referred.
Among the petitions presented was one for the introduction of the homeopathic
medical practice in the army, several for an armory at Rock Island, and a number
for the emancipation of slaves by the military power. The Senate adjourned till
Monday.- No business was transacted in the House of Representatives, no quorum
being present. The House adjourned till Monday.
THE SURRENDER OF MASON AND
The papers publish the diplomatic
correspondence between the Governments of France and England on the one hand,
and that of the United States on the other, concerning the question of
international law, involved in the seizure of the rebel Commissioners. The first
document is a note from
Mr. Seward to
Mr. Adams, in which the case is briefly
mentioned, and in which Mr. Seward says that the action of
Captain Wilkes was
without any instructions from the Government, and he trusted that the British
Government would consider the subject in a friendly temper. Then follows a note
Earl Russell to
Lord Lyons, dated November 30, reciting the English version
of the case—declaring that the act of Captain Wilkes was an affront to the
British flag, and a violation of international law; and announcing that the
"liberation of the four gentlemen named, and their delivery to your lordship,"
together with a suitable apology for the aggression, alone could satisfy the
British nation. To this Mr. Seward responds in a paper, addressed to Lord Lyons,
under date of the 26th ult., in which he analyzes, at great length the
principles of public law involved in the case, and arrives at the conclusion
that the Government of the United States would be wrong in refusing to comply
with the British demand, so far as relates to the disposition that shall be made
of the persons captured. He closes by saying that the "four persons in question"
will be cheerfully liberated; and "your lordship will please indicate a time and
place for receiving them." No "apology," however, is offered, because no offense
was intended. To this Lord Lyons responds by announcing that he will forward the
communication to Her Majesty's Government, and will immediately make
arrangements to place the "four gentlemen" again "under the protection of the
British flag." Besides these documents there is a dispatch from M. Thouvenel,
the French Minister for Foreign Affairs, to M. Mercier, the "Minister of the
Emperor at Washington," in which Thouvenel pronounces the conduct of the
American cruiser unjustifiable, but hopes for a pacific solution of the
difficulty. To this Mr. Seward responds in a note to M. Mercier, in which he
corrects an error of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, refers him to his
correspondence with the British Government, and exchanges assurances of
THE BRITISH DEMAND.
The following is the point of the
dispatch of Earl Russell :
" Her Majesty's Government,
bearing in mind the friendly relations which have long subsisted between Great
Britain and the United States are willing to believe that the United States
naval officer who committed the aggression was not acting in compliance with any
authority from his Government, or that, if he conceived himself to be so
authorized, he greatly misunderstood the instructions which he had received. For
the Government of the United States must be fully aware that the British
Government could not allow such an affront to the national honor to pass without
full reparation, and her Majesty's Government are unwilling to believe that it
could be the deliberate intention of the Government of the United States
unnecessarily to force into discussion between the two Governments a question of
so grave a character, and with regard to which the whole British nation would be
sure to entertain such unanimity of feeling. Her Majesty's Government,
therefore, trust that, when this matter shall have been brought under the
consideration of the Government of the United States, that Government will, of
its own accord, offer to the British Government such redress as alone could
satisfy the British nation, namely :
" The liberation of the four
gentlemen and their delivery to your lordship, in order that they may again be
placed under British protection, and a suitable apology for the aggression which
has been committed.
"Should these terms not be
offered by Mr. Seward, you will propose them to him."
MR. SEWARD'S REPLY.
The following passages contain
the pith of Mr. Seward's answer. After relating the law and the facts he says:
"I trust that I have shown to the
satisfaction of the British Government, by a very simple and natural statement
of the facts and analysis of the law applicable to them, that this Government
has neither meditated nor practiced, nor approved, any deliberate wrong in the
transaction to which they have called its attention, and, on the contrary, that
what has happened has been simply an inadvertency, consisting in a departure by
the naval officer —free from any wrongful motive—from a rule uncertainly
established, and, probably, by the several parties concerned, either imperfectly
understood or entirely unknown. For this error the British Government has a
right to expect the same reparation that we, as an independent State, should
expect from Great Britain, or from any other friendly nation, in a similar case.
"If I decide this case in favor
of my own Government, I must disavow its most cherished principles, and reverse
and forever abandon its essential policy. The country can not afford the
sacrifice. If I maintain those principles and adhere to that policy, I must
surrender the case itself. It will be seen, therefore, that this Government
could not deny the justice of the claim presented to us in this respect upon its
merits. We are asked to do to the British nation just what we have always
insisted all nations ought to do to us.
'' Putting behind me all
suggestions of this kind, I prefer to express my satisfaction that, by the
adjustment of the present case, upon principles confessedly American, and yet,
as I trust, mutually satisfactory to both of the nations concerned, a question
is finally and rightly settled between them which, heretofore exhausting not
only all forms of peaceful discussion, but also the arbitrament, of war itself,
for more than half a century alienated the two countries from each other, and
perplexed with fears and apprehensions all other nations.
"The four persons in question are
now held in military custody at
Fort Warren, in the state of Massachusetts. They
will be cheerfully liberated. Your lordship will please indicate a time and
place for receiving them."
THE FRENCH VIEW.
The following sentences contain
the point of M. Thouvenel's dispatch:
"Lord Lyons is already instructed
to present the demand for satisfaction which the English Cabinet is under the
necessity of reducing to form, and which consists in the immediate release of
the persons taken from on board the
Trent, and in sending explanations which may
take from this act its offensive character toward the British flag. The Federal
Government will be inspired by a just and exalted feeling in deferring to these
requests. One would search in vain to what end, for what interest, it would
hazard to provoke by a different attitude a rupture with Great Britain.
"For ourselves, we should see in
that fact a deplorable complication, in every respect, of the difficulties with
which the Cabinet of
Washington has already to struggle, and a precedent of a
nature seriously to disquiet all the Powers which continue outside of the
existing contest. We believe that we give evidence of loyal friendship for the
Cabinet of Washington by not permitting it to remain in ignorance, in this
condition of things, of our manner of regarding it. I request you, therefore,
Sir, to seize the first occasion of opening yourself frankly to Mr. Seward, and,
if he asks it, send him a copy of this dispatch."
AFFAIRS IN KENTUCKY.
No official information has been
received of any action in Kentucky; but we learn that 60,000 men, the advance of
General Buell's command, have crossed
Green River, and are within five miles of
the rebel General Hindman's advance posts. A battle is therefore looked for in a
AFFAIRS IN MISSOURI.
As soon as the intelligence of
General Pope's cavalry having driven in the pickets of General Rains reached the
camp of the rebel
General Price, the utmost consternation prevailed, and a
sudden flight took place in great confusion. The army made direct for the
Arkansas border, burning the bridges behind them, including the new bridge built
General Fremont over the
Osage River. The last accounts of General Price and
his troops were that they had passed hurriedly through Springfield en route for
Arkansas, from which State they are not expected again to emerge.
On 28th ult.
with four hundred and fifty men, dispersed nine hundred rebels, under Colonel
Dorsey, at Mount Sion, Boone County, killing and wounding one hundred and fifty,
and taking thirty-five prisoners, ninety-five horses, and one hundred and five
guns, with a loss on our side of only three killed and eleven wounded. The
rebels are continuing their depredations on the North Missouri Railroad. They
burned another train on the 28th, and they boast that they will destroy every
car on the road.
OCCUPATION OF BLUFFTON.
The village of Bluffton, which is
about the same size as Beaufort, was occupied by the Union troops, under General
Stevens, on the 24th ultimo. The rebels had previously abandoned it. The Empire
City came through the southeast channel, and found thirty feet of water there.
GOOD NEWS FROM NEW MEXICO.
Our news from New Mexico is of a
Colonel Canby, who is in command of the military department
there, has retaken the two forts on the Messilla border —Forts Cray and
Stanton—and was, at last accounts, on his way to Fort Fillmore, some months ago
surrendered by Major Lynde, who has been dismissed the service in consequence.
Colonel Canby is driving the rebel Texans before him, and intends to press on
SUSPENSION OF SPECIE PAYMENTS.
At a meeting of the bank
representatives, held in this city on 28th ult., it was decided unanimously to
suspend specie payment on 30th. This decision was come to in consequence of the
fact that depositors have been drawing out coin and stowing it away in order to
sell it at a premium, thus trading in the exigencies of the Government. The
heavy drain upon the banks for the past few weeks has rendered this movement a
COLONEL CORCORAN NOT ESCAPED.
The statement of a Mr. Hurd
concerning the escape of
Colonel Corcoran, and the treatment of Union prisoners
Charleston, published in
Harper's Weekly of last week, is a romantic fable—at
least as far as it relates to the asserted arrival at Fortress Monroe, under the
flag of truce, of the man Hurd; no such person has been heard of there. It is
probable that the entire story is a fiction.
Colonel Windham, the English
rifleman, who distinguished himself during the Italian war, under Garibaldi, and
who served in the Sardinian army for six years, having offered his services to
the United States Government, has been appointed to a position in the Fifteenth
The Honorable Mr. Ely, who has so
long been confined at Richmond, and who has been exchanged for Mr. Faulkner,
arrived in Baltimore last week, and at once continued his journey northward.
General McClellan, who has been
confined to his bed for some days with a slight fever, has recovered, and is in
the saddle again.
General Scott returned to New
York on board the Arago. His departure from Paris produced a very lively
sensation in England. Previous to quitting the French capital the General had a
lengthy interview with the Minister for Foreign Affairs, M. Thouvenel.
General Halleck has issued a
proclamation declaring the railroads of Missouri under martial law.
THE WAR FEVER.
THE war agitation is still at
fever heat in England. Troops are being mustered and shipped for Canada, with
cannons, sledges, and every thing requisite for a winter campaign
in a Northern climate. War vessels are still leaving for the North American
coast, of which the new frigate Emerald is the latest departure from Plymouth.
NEW IRON-CLAD SHIPS.
The Shipping Gazette states that
four new iron-clad first-class steam-frigates were to be built immediately, to
serve also as steams-rams, thus projecting sterns of which were to be twenty
feet long. They will each carry thirty-six Armstrong 100-pounders on the
gun-desk, and two pivot guns at the bow and stern, to throw 200-pound shot. They
will be 80 feet longer than the Warrior, though only 18 inches broader, and
their tonnage is to be 6815.
DEATH OF PRINCE ALBERT.
The full report of the sickness
and death of Prince Albert is affecting. He was taken ill with a "feverish cold"
on the 3d of December. This attack alternated from mild to severe and vice
versa, to the afternoon of the 14th, when the case assumed the character of
typhoid fever. The Prince gradually declined in strength until eleven o'clock
the same night, when he died tranquilly, surrounded by the Queen and the other
members of the royal family.
BRITISH SYMPATHY WITH REBELS.
Letters from Nassau state that,
while the United States gun-boat Flambeau is denied coal and other
accommodations, it appears that the Gladiator has been allowed to tranship her
cargo of arms and ammunition to schooners bound for Southern rebel ports, with
the full knowledge of the British officials. Four rebel vessels, laden with
cotton and rice, from Charleston, have recently arrived at Nassau—among them the
Theodora and Isabel with 1600 bales of cotton, all flying the
rebel flag, and
all having run the blockade of
KING JEFF. "What's the matter now?"
SLAVE. "Oh! Massa, dey's gone and
BURNT CHARLESTON, and dey's set FIRE to
M0NTGOMERY six times in two days!" "E'en a man so dull, so woe-begone,
Drew Priam's curtains in the dead of
And would have told him half his
Troy was burnt."—SHAKSPEARE.