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Civil War Harper's Weekly, October 4, 1862

This site features all the original Harper's Weekly newspapers published during the Civil War. These newspapers are full of incredible illustrations and first hand stories of the War. Harper's Weekly was the most popular illustrated newspaper of the day.

(Scroll Down to See Entire Page, or Newspaper Thumbnails below will take you to a specific page of interest)


McClellan in Frederick, Maryland

McClellan in Frederick, Maryland

Abolition of Slavery

Abolition of Slavery

Emancipation Proclamation

Emancipation Proclamation

General Franklin

General Franklin

Harrisburg, Pennsylvania

Harrisburg, Pennsylvania

Battle of Antietam

Battle of Antietam

Battle of Iuka

Battle of Iuka, Mississippi

Market House, Cincinnati

The Market House, Cincinnati

Maryland Heights

Maryland Heights

Kentucky Battle Map

Kentucky Battle Map



Slave Cartoon

Slave Cartoon




OCTOBER 4, 1862.]



(Previous Page) form of government fell, he secured forever and for all Englishmen the civil rights for which John Hampden contended.

If the Government of the United States would take a final leave of weak counsels and weak actions it would simultaneously take leave of disaster and defeat. Mr. Seward, for instance, is a scholar. How does he think conciliation would have worked in Ireland? How would it have answered in Scotland? Instead of the way of conciliation, Cromwell took that of Tredar and Dunbar. And consequently life, rights, expense of every kind, and untold delays and disasters were saved.

No man advises massacres or murders in waging war. But to prevent them, strike when you strike, don't pat. When you have read your riot act, and have summoned rioters to disperse before your loaded muskets, give them time to go. If they stay and threaten and you still wish to be merciful, fire into them, not over them. Every bullet that you fire over the heads of the enemy kills ten of your own men before it is spent. Napoleon knew that, and never fired until he meant to hit.

In the droll debate at Richmond Mr. Ayer, another Carolina comedian, said that "Mirabeau, the French philosopher, declared that the only way to conduct a successful revolution was to dare, to dare again, and still to dare." The Southern statesmen are very proud of their literature, and of their general superiority to the mud-sills of the North, but Mr. Ayer must rub up his history a little. Mirabeau was an orator, not a philosopher; and Mirabeau did not say it. It was the speech of Danton, a very different person—an appropriate authority for Mr. Aver to quote in a rebel Congress. Mr. Ayer will not forget how and where Danton ended, after his dare, and dare, and dare. He had his head cut off by those who dared a little more than he.

Yet, whoever says it, victory belongs to vigor, and vigor comes from conviction, and conviction makes all methods clear and easy Let the Government understand the conviction of the nation and follow its wishes, and a victory which settles the war will be the result.


I'LL pray for thee, I'll pray for thee, my noble-hearted son!

Go forth and fight for Liberty until the cause is won.

It may seem strange a while to miss thy comfort and thy care,

But now our army calls for aid, and thou art needed there.

I'll pray for thee, I'll pray for thee, go forth upon thy way:

A mother's love shall follow thee, and bless thee day by day.

I would not place my feeble hand before thy kindling eyes

While gazing on the altar—red with freedom's sacrifice!

No! leave me now and act thy part. Yet sometimes at the hour

When twilight shadows gather round, and gentler thoughts have power

To sway the heart, oh! think of her who hourly prays for thee;

And bind the watch-word to thy heart—the watch-word,



OUR old friend Punch, which used once to be so merry and genial a companion, has latterly been devoting a good deal of attention to the United States, and has sent over an agent here to procure subscriptions for the republication of its back volumes. Some of Punch's good things about this country are so bright and cheery and kindly that we have thought it would do our readers good to see a few of them, collected from half a dozen recent numbers, as models of British good humor and genial compliment. Time was when Punch was the undying foe to slavery every where. Now he says, sighing over the reduced market for British manufactures in this country:

Jonathan and Jefferson, come listen to my song—

I can't decide, upon my word, which of you is most wrong:

I do declare I am afraid to say which worse behaves,

The North imposing bonds on trade, or South that man



The ultimate destiny manifest to mankind at large as that which is reserved for you Yankees is not that of going where all good niXXers go.


I must say, friend Jonathan, to judge thy the way in which you are going on, that, as regards this world at any rate, your manifest destiny—a destiny in evident course of accomplishment—is that of descending to the very lowest place. It has for some time been said that, in form and features, your people are approaching the Red Indian type, and I now find you exulting in the worst brutality of Sepoys, while you also emulate their malignant ferocity.


Jonathan, you see, you are sinking from bad to worse, from savage to lower savage, and your manifest destiny, at that rate of decadence, is the zero of humanity. But will you stop there, Jonathan?


Your manifest destiny, unless you return to reason, is all of you to be turned to apes with foreheads villainous low. You will be up a tree indeed, holding on with your feet as well as your hands. like the other quadrumana. Already, Jonathan, you have morally subsided to the undermost moral level. Take care you don't physically degenerate into a Yahoo.


Woman is the Englishman's friend, the American's doll. Poor Dolly, she is ruthlessly smashed the moment she even winks derision. But how do the brave but susceptible Northerners treat men who manifest similar contempt? General Banks runs away from them—gives them the cut direct. Perhaps this is almost as safe a course as General Butler's.


The Orleans Princes avowedly went out to learn the art of war, and they found their teachers the most helpless blunderers that ever undertook what they could not perform. It was duty to their own character to leave as soon as they discovered how they had been swindled.


In addition to this, the Orleans Princes are gentlemen, and it must have been odious to them to remain in a service where the boldest lying instead of the boldest fighting was in demand, and where it was possible for them to have

come under the orders of a ruffian. These Princes have certainly not lessened their claim, to the respect of their countrymen by quitting a service from which they retired as soon as they were completely convinced that they could study little but blunder, braggadocio, and brutality.


General Butler made a law,

And a proclamation,

On his head which fails to draw

Yankee execration;

If New Orleans ladies were

To his troops uncivil,

That they should serve the saucy fair

Like the Social Evil.

Yankee doodle doodle doo, Yankee doodle dandy,

Butler is a rare Yahoo,

As brave as Sepoy Pandy.


The forces of General Pope had better be organized by distribution into divisions, each destined to carry out a special operation. One squad of these scoundrels, selected for service requiring the muscular strength of powerful ruffians, might be formed Into a brigade under the denomination of Heavy Burglars; while another set of thieves, designed for nimbler depredations, might take the name of Light Prigs. There might also be a scientific corps of Pickers and Stealers, capable, doubtless, of stealing any thing but a march on the enemy; but particularly expeditious in stealing away.


It is not probable that any of General Pope's villains march wide between the legs, because, under the present humane conditions of penal discipline, none of them could have been accustomed to have gyves on. There is doubtless more then a shirt and a half in each company of them, because, if they heretofore wanted underclothing, by this time we may be sure that they have found linen enough on every hedge. It Is devoutly to be hoped that Pope will soon have led his ragamuffins where they are peppered.


The habeas corpus has been suspended in the North, the Press is gagged, and the Federal States are trying to reduce the Confederates to subjection. But to accomplish this end they are fighting and not conquering in a fratricidal war, spreading devastation, inflicting and suffering ruin and slaughter.


The Yankees are violating every principle of Christianity. These things cost some money, but expense can be no object to a Government running up a debt which will be limited only by a panic and ultimately repudiated.


"Camp, Chickabiddy Chokee, Monday afternoon.—The Federal troops have won another splendid victory. Seeing that the rebels were approaching in great force at 6 A.M. this morning, I issued my directions for a general advance, an order which our brave fellows were prompt to carry out. The advance was made in the identical direction as that in which the rebel army were proceeding, and was achieved, I need not say, with the most complete success. Astonishing to say, the whole of our front line escaped without a hurt; and with the exception of a few slight wounds and bruises in the rear, I really have no casualties worth mention to report. A good deal of our baggage and some few hundred stand of arms we left upon the field for a strategic purpose, and we likewise abandoned about a score of field-pieces which were found to impede the rapid movement of our troops."


When rogues fall out, our fathers said,

True men come by her own.

That proverb's now, by fact quite dead

Against it, overthrown.

Lo, North and South the Sword have drawn

And meet with bayonets crossed!

And our supply of cotton's gone,

Our weavers' living lost.


The Yankees are always blustering loudly about going to war with England. We should regret it for more reasons than one, should such a wicked calamity ever occur, and frankly because (to mention only one of our many reasons) we should be frightened, inasmuch as we never had five minutes' conversation with a Yankee yet, without coming away with the painful conviction of what a rare adept he was in murdering the Queen's English!


Ridiculous, wooden, repelling, unnatural as they may be, still against Gog and Magog, I would back the American Demagogue to go in and win!


This furious fool (Cassius Clay) resembles nothing ever heard in England out of Bedlam, except the noisy truculent drivel of a violent imbecile drunkard, in a paroxysm of delirium tremens, belching frantic impotent abuse in the tap-room of a low public house.


Only a drunken Yankee blackguard could abuse and blaspheme England in return for the romantic generosity with which she has abstained from supplying the South with the ships and the weapons which were all that they wanted for the swift discomfiture of Yankeedom.


Cassius M. Clay may pass for a stump orator; but it was evidently from no stump that he howled his false nonsense. He must have been rolling in the kennel or sprawling on the ground; it is clear that he was unable to stand or go, manifest that he was lying.



WASHINGTON, Monday. September 22. By the President of the United States of America:


I, ABRAHAM LINCOLN, President of the United States of America, and Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy thereof, etc, hereby proclaim and declare, that hereafter, as heretofore, the war will be prosecuted for the object of practically restoring the constitutional relation between the United States and the people thereof in which States that relation is or may be suspended or disturbed; that it is my purpose, upon the next meeting of Congress, to again recommend the adoption of a practical measure tendering pecuniary aid to the free acceptance or rejection of all the Slave States so called, the people whereof may not then be in rebellion against the United States, and which States may then have voluntarily adopted, or thereafter may voluntarily adopt, the immediate or gradual abolishment of Slavery within their respective limits; and that the efforts to colonize persons of African descent with their consent, upon the continent or elsewhere, with the previously obtained consent of the Governments existing there, will be continued.

That on the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves within any State, or any designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States shall be then, thenceforward, and forever, free; and the Executive Government of the United States, including the military and naval authority thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of such persons, and will do no act or acts to repress such persons, or any of them, in any efforts they may make for their actual freedom.

That the Executive will, on the first day of January aforesaid, by proclamation, designate the States and parts of States, if any, in which the people thereof, respectively, shall then be in rebellion against the United States; and the fact that any State, or the people thereof, shall on that day be in good faith represented in the Congress of the

United States by members chosen thereto at elections wherein a majority of the qualified voters of such State shall have participated, shall, in the absence of strong countervailing testimony, be deemed conclusive evidence that such State and the people thereof have not been in rebellion against the United States.

That attention is hereby called to an act of Congress entitled "An act to make an additional article of war," approved March 13, 1862, and which act is in the words and figure following:

Be it enacted by the Senate and house of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That hereafter the following shall be promulgated as an additional article of war for the government of the army of the United States, and shall be obeyed and observed as such.

ARTICLE—All officers or persons in the military or naval service of the United States are prohibited from employing any of the forces under their respective commands for the purpose of returning fugitives from service or labor vvho may have escaped from any person to whom such service or labor is claimed to be due, and any officer who shall be found guilty by a Court-Martial of violating this article shall be dismissed from the service.

SECTION 2. And be it further enacted, that this act shall take effect from and after its passage.

Also to the ninth and tenth sections of an act entitled, "An act to suppress insurrection, to punish treason and rebellion, to seize and confiscate property of rebels, and for other purposes," approved July 17, 1862, and which sections are in the words and figures following:

SEC. 9. And be it further enacted, that all slaves of persons who shall hereafter be engaged in rebellion against the Government of the United States, or who shall, in any way, give aid or comfort thereto, escaping from such persons and taking refuge within the lines of the army, and all slaves captured from such persons or deserted by them and coming under the control of the Government of the United States, and all slaves of such persons found on (or being within) any place occupied by rebel forces and afterward occupied by the forces of the United States, shall be deemed captures of war and shall be forever free of their servitude and not again held as slaves

SEC. 10. And be it further enacted, That no slave escaping into any State, Territory, or the District of Columbia, from any of the States, shall be delivered up, or in any way impeded or hindered of his liberty, except for crime or some offense against the laws, unless the person claiming said fugitive shall first make oath that the person to whom the labor or service of such fugitive is alleged to be due is his lawful owner, and has not been in arms against the United States in the present rebellion, nor in any way given aid and comfort thereto, and no person engaged in the military or naval service of the United States shall, under any pretense whatever, assume to decide on the validity of the claim of any person to the service or labor of any other person, or surrender up any such person to the claimant, on pain of being dismissed from the service.

And I do hereby enjoin upon and order all persons engaged in the military and naval service of the United States, to observe, obey, and enforce, within their respective spheres of service, the act and sections above recited.

And the Executive will in due time recommend that all citizens of the United States who shall have remained loyal thereto throughout the rebellion, shall (upon the restoration of the constitutional relation between the United States and their respective States and people, if the relation shall have been suspended or disturbed), be compensated for all losses by acts of the United States, including the loss of slaves.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done at the City of Washington, this Twenty-second day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-two, and of the Independence of the United States the eighty-seventh.


By the President.

WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State.


Last week we announced that Jackson had recrossed the Potomac, and that a great battle would probably be fought on 17th. It was fought accordingly on that day, near the little stream named Antietam, and resulted in a victory for the Union troops. We give some details of the battle, with several illustrations, on pages 632, 633, and 634. The day after the battle our army was busily engaged in burying the dead and caring for the wounded on both sides. Meanwhile, on 18th, the rebels succeeded in crossing the river back into Virginia. By daylight on the morning of 19th they had all got across, through General Pleasanton with his cavalry harassed their rear, and took many prisoners and stores. On the evening of 19th some of our troops went forward on a to a reconnoissance, and crossed the river at the ford near Shepherdstown. They were stoutly resisted by the rebels, but succeeded in retiring to the Maryland side, bringing four pieces of the rebel artillery with them. On 20th another reconnoissance into Virginia was made by General Barnes, with his own and a portion of General Sykes's brigade. Shortly after our troops had been placed in position the enemy emerged from under the cover of woods with a line of infantry nearly a mile long. Both forces soon engaged, when the order was given to retire, which was done in good order, the enemy following closely behind. When they came within range fire was opened by twenty pieces of our artillery, posted on the Maryland bank, with such effect that they were forced to retire out of reach. Their loss must have been heavy, as the explosions of our shells were seen to make large gaps in their ranks. Our loss in killed, wounded, and prisoners was about one hundred and fifty. The troops safely returned to Maryland, bringing their wounded with them.


A detachment of the 2d Pennsylvania cavalry made a reconnoissance on 18th from Washington in the direction of Thoroughfare Gap, and returned on 19th with 32 rebel prisoners, and a number of wagons and ambulances on their way to Richmond. The country around them was clear of rebels and undefended. Three of the prisoners belonged to the body-guard of the rebel General Ewell, who narrowly escaped capture, having left only a short time previous to the arrival of our cavalry. The General was wounded, and is on his way back to Richmond.


The news from Cincinnati states that the rebels were falling back from Florence, Kentucky, on 17th, and at last accounts were between Demassville and Falmouth, having destroyed the bridges on the Covington and Lexington Railroad in their way. A scouting party of 53 of the 10th Kentucky cavalry engaged 100 rebels near Florence on 17th, and killed five, wounded seven, and routed the remainder. Our loss was one killed and one wounded.

It is supposed that Bragg, Kirby Smith, and H. Marshall are uniting their forces.


It is reported from Louisville that a portion of General Buell's forces attacked and defeated Bragg's rear-guard at Horse Cave on 18th, and that Bragg was reported subsequently to have moved the main body of his army across the river southward from Mumfordsville. It appears, however, by another dispatch from Louisville, that, instead of moving southward, Bragg moved northward toward Louisville, eluding General Buell, and getting several hours the start of him. The greatest excitement existed in Louisville in consequence, and General Nelson, who is in command there, immediately commenced preparations to defend the city to the best, giving notice to the inhabitants to be ready to remove the women and children at once. Most of the stores were closed, and an attack was apprehended within forty-eight hours.


The reorganized army corps are now commended as follows: 1st—Major-General Joseph Hooker, born in Massachusetts, appointed from California; 2d—Major-General Edwin V. Sumner, born in Massachusetts, appointed from New York; 3d— Major-General Samuel P. Heintzelman, born in Pennsylvania, appointed from the same State; 4th—Major-General Erasmus D. Keyes, born in Massachusetts, appointed from Maine; 5th—Major-General Fitz-John Porter, born in New Hampshire, appointed from the District of Columbia. 6th—Major-General William B. Franklin, born in Pennsylvania, appointed from the same State: 7th—Major-General John A. Dix, born in New Hampshire, appointed from New York; 8th—Major-General John E. Wool, born in New York, appointed from the same State; 9th—Major-General Ambrose E. Burnside, born in Indiana, appointed from Rhode Island; 10th —Major-General Ormsby M. Mitchell, born in Kentucky, appointed from New York; 11th—Major-General John Sedgwick, born in Connecticut, appointed from the same State; 12th — Major-General Franz Sigel, born in Germany, appointed from Missouri.


The gun-boat Essex, Commodore Porter, has made another expedition up the river. On reaching Natchez, the Essex sent a boat's crew ashore for ice. This lot was fired upon and several men were wounded, whereupon Commodore Porter threw shot and shell into Natchez for two hours and a half, when the town surrendered. Coming down the river, the Commodore stooped at Bayou Sara, a celebrated haunt of guerrillas, sent men ashore, and burned all but two houses—so there's an end of Bayou Sara. Further down the river, a battery of 34 guns opened on the Essex, and a fierce battle, at not more than 80 feet distance, began, which lasted an hour. The rebel battery was mounted with guns of very heavy calibre; but that circumstance only sufficed to prove the remarkable powers of resistance of the Essex. Her iron sides were struck in a multitude of places with 10-inch and other sized balls, the result in all cases being the same—a slight indentation into the sides of the steamer, and then the balls breaking into a thousand fragments and falling harmlessly into the water. The Essex commenced with the upper gun and silenced them all, one after the other.


We hear of the annihilation of the rebel force under General Sibley in New Mexico. After the capture of Santa Fe, some time since, the rebels started back toward El Paso. We last heard of them at Fort Craig. Near Fort Fillmore Sibley was caught between the New Mexican troops under General Canby and the new troops from California; result—a, perfect smash of the rebels, who lost horses, arms, cannon, stores, and sutler's trains, a great many killed and wounded, and half their original force taken prisoners. The survivors were so much exasperated that they assassinated General Sibley and Colonel Steele during their retreat. The Union forces, immediately after the fight, took possession of El Paso and Fort Bliss, near by, and sent a detachment to Camp Quitman, 80 miles east of El Paso. Thereupon the Texans evacuated Fort Davis, 200 miles east of El Paso, and all the other forts in the extreme northwest of the State—Fort Clark, 120 miles from San Antonio, now being the nearest fort to El Paso held by the Texans.


NAVY DEPARTMENT, Sept. 20, 1862

Commander George Henry Preble, senior officer in command of the blockading force of Mobile, having been guilty of neglect of duty in permitting the armed steamer Oreto to run the blockade, thereby not only disregarding Article 3d, Section 10th of the Articles of War (which requires an officer to do his utmost to overtake and capture or destroy every vessel which it is his duty to encounter), but omitting the plainest ordinary duty committed to an officer, by order of the President, dismissed from the naval service from this date. The commander of each vessel of war, on the day after the receipt of this published general order, will cause it to be read on the quarter-deck at general muster, together with the accompanying reports, and enter both upon the vessel's log.

GIDEON WELLES, Secretary of the Navy.


The following letter has been published:

To the Editor of the Hartford Courant:

At the depot in New Haven I was introduced by my friend Mr. W. to Mrs. McClellan. I found her to be an intelligent young woman, having with her a sweet infant, which was almost smothered by the caresses of a number of soldiers who had learned that she was a young McClellan. On my way to this city, in the cars, through the politeness of her Aunt, Mrs. A., I enjoyed the pleasure of some conversation with her. She was very affable, and seemed to take an interest in the fact that a nephew of mine, the colonel of a New York regiment, who recently died of disease contracted before Richmond, was a class-mate at West Point of her husband. She seemed much elated with the recent news. She said that when her husband was appointed Major-General she was not much affected by it; but now, that he has been restored to his command, and had accomplished such a triumph, after all that had been done to degrade him, she acknowledged she felt proud. I replied that she had a perfect right to feel so. She said that her husband had undertaken this last service with great reluctance, but it had been pressed upon him with an assurance that he should not be interfered with. I remarked to her that at first I felt great confidence in her husband, which afterward I had, to a certain extent, lost; but that I had, previous to his last success, regained it. She said the same observation had been made by others. I told her I thought the General had not done justice to himself, in not explaining to the public circumstances which looked unfavorable to him. "Do you not think," said she, "that it was more patriotic in him to bear his wrongs in silence, rather than to trouble the Government, as some others have done, with demands for investigations and courts-martial, when the delays caused by them would be injurious to the country? The General," the remarked, "when the clouds covering him were of the darkest hue, had faith that God would yet make him an instrument of good to the cause of his country."


A few days since one of Commodore Farragut's men was tied to a tree and disemboweled by a party of Mississippians, who captured him while wandering to the shore, near the gun-boats, in the neighborhood of Vicksburg. A party of rebels recently visited a house On Pawpaw Island, ten miles below Vicksburg, and demanded food for themselves in the name of the Confederacy. The only occupant of the house was an old woman eighty years of age, who gave them the dinner they desired, but told them they were trying to break up one of the best Governments in the world, and that they could never form another as good. She begged them to disperse and go to their homes, and cease to annoy the people of the region around. The ruffians became enraged at her words, and after numerous threats against every friend of the Union, they deliberately carried her out of the house and hung her upon a tree before her own door.


Returns of the election for Governor in Maine have been received from three hundred and eighty-four towns The result, as compared with the vote in the same towns last year, is as follows:

   1862.   1861.

Republican    42,913   53,316

War Democratic    6,738   19,818

Peace Democratic    30,466   18,072



THE London Herald of the 2d inst says: "Mr. Mason, the Commissioner from the Southern Confederacy, is at present paying a visit to Scotland. On Thursday he was at Glasgow, and on Friday proceeded to Glenquoich, the residence of the Right Hon. Edward Ellice. He had previously been the guest of Mr. Stewart, of Murdostoun Castle."



Garibaldi's wound is said to be of a serious nature. He asks to be placed on board an English vessel. No documents or money were found at the place of his defeat. No decision had been come to with regard to his trial. The people of Italy are in favor of a general amnesty.



It appears that there are now lying in the port of St. George no less then five "Anglo-Confederate" steamers awaiting a chance to give aid to the rebels, but apparently in quandary as to their future movements. One of them, the Minho, arrived from Charleston with cotton for Liverpool, but was out of coal, and had to burn her bulwarks and mainmast fur fuel.




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