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Robert E. Lee Portrait
Page) President provided he will do exactly what we wish him to do—we
mean only that we would stand by Jeff Davis upon the same terms.
What the President means he has
"Oh yes," says the Conservative;
"but he has been latterly under Radical pressure. Let him return to his former
"Thank you for nothing!" retorts
the Radical; "he was formerly under the border State pressure. Let him hold fast
to a vigorous policy."
"I go for a constitutional
prosecution of the war!" shouts the Conservative.
"Exactly my position," replies
"But my interpretation of the
Constitution is the right one," says the Conservative.
"Not at all. Mine is the right
one," answers the Radical. "I am for the Union at every cost."
"You are a disorganizer," sneers
"Can't see it," smiles the
Meanwhile the President has
declared his policy. It is to maintain the Government and the Union at all
hazards. And what do the people ask of him and signify to him? Merely that they
wish to see constant proofs of activity and earnestness in carrying out that
policy. They believe that they can suppress this insurrection, and that they can
do it speedily. They will not quarrel with any measure of vigor or of rigor,
whatever the politicians may say or do. Disgust at hesitation, languor, and
delay—discontent with the slow course of military justice—fatigue with the
pressure of a war which sometimes seems waged against their own patience as much
as against the power of the enemy, will often extort from them the sharpest
censure. Generals, Cabinets, parties, are nothing. The country is all. The
former may and must be changed as events decree. The latter must and shall be
saved, whatever tries to resist.
To sustain the President, then,
is to support his policy. If you like his policy you mean what you say in
supporting him in its most earnest prosecution. If you dislike it, you are
forsworn in declaring that you sustain him. He is the judge of his
constitutional power and duty. If he mistakes and abuses his power he can be
impeached. But it is to be remarked that he is not sustained by those who
threaten him that if he does not follow the advice of men who have always
opposed him, his principles, and his measures, the war shall be stopped by any
and every means. That is not support—it is attempted coercion.
Meanwhile, again, the President
is a man of convictions. He has certain profound persuasions and a very clear
purpose. He knows what the war sprang from, and upon what ground a permanent
peace can be reared. He is cautious, cool, judicial. But he knows that great
revolutions do not go backward; while he is aware that when certain great steps
in their prosecution are once taken there will be loud outcries and
apprehension. But the ninth wave touches the point to which the whole sea will
presently rise, although the next wave and the next should seem to show falling
PORTRAIT OF A REBEL BY AN OLD MASTER.
ADDISON, in the twelfth number of
his Freeholder, a paper which he published in 1715-16, during the attempt of the
Pretender upon the throne of England, has one passage which might have been
written among us to-day. Every word of it applies to the causeless rebellion
waged upon our Government—a rebellion which airy jesters excuse with a joke, and
complacent demagogues palliate with falsehood.
"We may likewise consider
rebellion as a greater complication of wickedness than any other crime we can
commit. [Addison in the same paper justifies revolution by the very argument
used by Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence.] It is big with rapine,
sacrilege, and murder. It is dreadful in its mildest effects, as it impoverishes
the public; ruins particular families; begets and perpetuates hatred among
fellow-subjects, friends, and relations; makes a country the seat of war and
desolation, and exposes it to the attempts of its foreign enemies. In short, as
it is impossible for it to take effect, or to make the smallest progress but
through a continued course of violence and bloodshed, a robber or a murderer
looks like an innocent man when we compare him with a rebel."
IF a pirate were sailing in a
dark night along a dangerous channel, and you wanted him to run on the rocks and
be wrecked, you would not carry out torches and show the rocks, and hallo, "Look
out, here's a bouncer! Don't run into it!" would you? If he escaped, and landed
and ravaged and ruined the country, you couldn't say, "I didn't help him," could
These are the questions that must
inevitably occur to every man who sees the frankness with which information,
that should be most secret, is printed in the papers. Within a week we have had
a careful statement of the condition and prospects, and probable time of
readiness, of our new iron-clad ships; and an announcement of the intended
sailing of transports with troops into the very course of the Alabama; and
details of intended movements of the army in Virginia; and of the projects of
General Banks. And we have always done this,
knowing that every paper is read in
Richmond within four days.
Of course we are told that it is
not the papers which carry the news. Yes; and it may be the chart in his pocket
that carries the pirate through. But your torch helps wonderfully, my good
friend. And we are told that, if the Government allows it, it's all right. Yes;
but your paper in the some issue accuses the Government of stupidity. And we are
told that if Tom and Dick don't print it Harry will. Yes; but because Tom and
Dick are foolish, or indifferent, or worse, are you so? It may be that the ship
is so leaky that she must
sink. But shall we, therefore,
not try to stop the leak?
It is the duty of every loyal
editor to take care that nothing in his paper shall in any way give information
to the enemy, whether other papers do or not, and whether the Government cares
about it or not. Can not Patriotism do what Despotism certainly would? Let the
rebels find out if they can. Don't let us assume that they will, and therefore
tell every thing we know.
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
FULL STOP.—The organ in Dr. S—'s
church did not play last Sunday, because, we learn, of its having a new stop put
to it. It was added, we believe, by the deputy-sheriff.
A single glass of liquor too much
may separate lovers more widely than the ocean ever did.
He must be a person of very
insignificant standing who is always standing upon his dignity.
ARABIAN DAIRY.—The Arabs have an
excellent portable dairy, which preserves their milk a number of days in a very
hot climate. It is called a dromedary.
The man who, in talking to a
lady, lays his hand upon her shoulder may be thought too touching in his
A farmer likes cold weather at
the proper season, but an early frost in autumn goes against his grain.
Why is the letter l, in the word
military, like the nose? —Because it stands between two "i's."
Is there any perceptible
improvement in a caterpillar when he turns over a new leaf?
Philosophers tell us that Nature
never errs. They certainly can not mean human nature.
WIDOWS.—A fellow hits off the
following definition of widow: "One who knows what's what, and is desirous of
further information on the subject."
AN OLD WRINKLE.—Who is the most
industrious of all plowmen?—Time, for he turns the most furrows.
May our blonde beauties be looked
on as forming a portion of the pale of society?
The old lady who believes every
calamity that happens to herself a trial, and every one that happens to her
friends a judgment, is not yet dead.
Can a man who has been fined by
the magistrates again and again be considered a refined man?
THE MYSTERIES OF
TANNING.—"Father," said a hopeful urchin to his paternal relative, "why don't
our school-master send the editor of the newspaper an account of the tannings he
gives the boys?" "I don't know," said the fond parent; "but why do you ask such
a question?" "Why, that paper says that Mr. Brown has tanned three thousand
hides at his establishment during the past year, and I know that old Furney has
tanned our hides more'n twice as many times—the editor ought to know it."
RATHER!—The gentleman who did not
trust to his memory wrote in his pocket-book, "I must be married when I get to
town." The possibility is that he recollected whether he was married or not
A SAVORY REMARK.—Some one defines
ham as the poetry of bacon.
HOW TO MAKE MEN BRAVE.—Sir Thomas
Fitzgerald, famous for flogging, had raised a regiment of pardoned peasantry in
the sister kingdom, which he called the "Ancient Irish." He and his corps were
sent on foreign service. On his return he boasted frequently of their bravery,
and that no other troops were so forward to face the enemy. "No wonder," said
Ned Lysaght; "thanks to your flogging, they were ashamed to show their backs."
"Papa, can't I go to the
zoological to see the camomile fight the ry-no-sir-ee-hoss?" "Sartin my son, but
don't get your trowsers torn. Strange, my dear, what a taste that boy has for
nat'ral history! No longer ago than yesterday he had eight tom cats hanging by
their tails to the clothes-line."
At a court-martial lately the
following dialogue is said to have taken place between one of the witnesses and
the court: "Are you a Catholic?" "No, Sir." "Are you a Protestant?" "No, Sir,"
"What are you then?" "Captain of the foretop."
A TRUE EPITAPH.—Here is a sharp
and spicy epitaph on an old cardinal, reminding us of Shakspeare: "The evil that
men do," etc.:
Here lies a cardinal, who wrought
Both good and evil in this time;
The good he did was good for
Not so the evil!—that was prime.
Which of the feathered tribe
would be supposed to lift
the heaviest weight?—The crane.
A provincial contemporary says
there are hundreds of people who become religious when danger is near, and adds:
"We know of a man who fell from a bridge across a certain river, and just as he
found he must go, and no help for it, he bawled out at the top of his voice,
'Lord have mercy on me—and be quick too!' "
The Chinese have no word which
will compare with our English word, "Amen;" they say, instead, " Sin yeuen ching
sing"—"The heart wishes exactly so."
Why is a patch of corn like a
dunce?—Because it's always liable to get its ears pulled.
LIFE IN DEATH.—Tom Hood speaks of
a bird building its nest upon a ledge over the door of a doctor's office, as an
attempt to rear its young in the very jaws of death.
The men who deserve, if they do
not find, the greatest favor among women, are husband-men.
A contemporary boasts that he
"can stand on his intellectual capital." We suppose he means that he can stand
on his head.
A CLEAR TITLE.—A New Zealand
chief maintained that he had a good title to his land, because he had eaten the
REMOVAL OF GENERAL McCLELLAN.
AN official order releasing
General McClellan from the command of the army was received at head-quarters on
8th, and was presented by Assistant Adjutant-General Buckingham in person.
General McClellan immediately issued an address to his army, transferring the
General Burnside, and taking a kind farewell of the men who had
fought and suffered with him so gallantly through his long and arduous
campaigns. General McClellan is ordered to report at Trenton, New Jersey.
THE REASON WHY.
A letter from
dated October 28, has been published, giving the reasons for McClellan's
removal. He states:
Third—Soon after the
Antietam General McClellan was urged to give me information of his intended
movements, in order that, if he moved between the enemy and
reinforcements could be sent from this place. On the 1st of October, finding
that he purposed to operate from
Harper's Ferry, I urged him to cross the river
at once and give battle to the enemy, pointing out to him the disadvantages of
delaying till the autumn rains had swollen the Potomac and impaired the roads.
On the 6th of October he was peremptorily ordered to "cross the Potomac and give
battle to the enemy, or drive him south. Your army must move now while the roads
are good." It will be observed that three weeks have elapsed since this order
Fourth—In my opinion there has
been no such want of supplies in the army under General McClellan as to prevent
his compliance with the orders to advance against the enemy. Had he moved to the
south side of the Potomac he could have received his supplies almost as readily
as by remaining inactive on the north.
He goes on to show that all
General McClellan's requisitions have been complied with.
BURNSIDE TAKES COMMAND.
The following order was issued by
General Burnside on taking command of the army:
In accordance with General Orders
No. 182, issued by the President of the United States, I hereby assume command
of the Army of the Potomac. Patriotism and the exercise of my every energy in
the direction of this army, aided by the full and hearty co-operation of its
officers and men, will, I hope, under the blessing of God, insure its success.
Having been a sharer of the privations and a witness of the bravery of the old
Army of the Potomac in the
Maryland campaign, and fully identified with them in
their feeling of respect and esteem for General McClellan, entertained through a
long and most friendly association with him, I feel that it is not as a stranger
I assume command.
To the Ninth Army Corps, so long
and intimately associated with me, I need say nothing. Our histories are,
With diffidence for myself, but
with a proud confidence in the unswerving loyalty and determination of the
gallant army now intrusted to my care, I accept its control with the steadfast
assurance that the just cause must prevail.
A. E. BURNSIDE,
McCLELLAN'S FAREWELL ADDRESS.
HEAD-QUARTERS, ARMY OF THE
POTOMAC, CAMP NEAR RECTORTOWN, VIRGINIA, Nov. 7, 1862. Officers and Soldiers of
the Army of the Potomac:
An order of the President
devolves upon Major-General Burnside the command of this army.
In parting from you I can not
express the love and gratitude I bear to you. As an army you have grown up under
my care. In you I have never found doubt or coldness. The battles you have
fought under my command will proudly live in our nation's history. The glory you
have achieved, our mutual perils and fatigues, the graves of our comrades fallen
in battle and by disease, the broken forms of those whom wounds and sickness
have disabled—the strongest associations which can exist among men—unite us
still by an indissoluble tie. We shall ever be comrades in supporting the
Constitution of our country and the nationality of its people. GEN. B.
McCLLELAN, Major-General United States Army.
STAND BY BURNSIDE.
Major-General McClellan and
personal staff left Warrenton at eleven o'clock on 11th. On reaching Warrenton Junction a salute was fired. The troops, which had been
drawn up in line, afterward broke ranks, when the soldiers
crowded around him, and many eagerly called for a few
parting words. He said, in response, while on the platform of the railroad
depot, "I wish you to stand by Burnside as you have stood by me, and all will be
well. Good-by." To this there was a spontaneous
and enthusiastic response.
THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC.
All the dispatches from Virginia
agree in the statement that the main rebel army had eluded General McClellan, at
least so far as to avoid a battle in the Shenandoah Valley. Head-quarters of the
army were established at Warrenton on 7th; which place was taken possession of
by our advance on the day previous. The rebel General A. P. Hill's command was
at Warrenton on 5th, his command and
Stuart's Cavalry forming the rear-guard of
Lee's force. Dispatches from
Warrenton, on 9th, bring the important information
that General Pleasanton had a skirmish on 8th, near Little Washington, with
Stuart's Cavalry, in which he captured three pieces of artillery, and that
General Bayard, on the same day, occupied and now holds the railroad bridge
across the Rappahanock—the structure being unimpaired. The bridge across Broad
Run had been destroyed by the rebels, but as that is further back, in the
vicinity of Manassas Junction, and in a section of country now completely within
our control, it can be put in good condition again in a very short space of
It is said that
Jackson's whole column is at Front Royal, with the exception of about 2000 men
and six guns still remaining in the Shenandoah valley. The rebels, with a large force of
cavalry, artillery, and infantry, made an attack, on the 10th, upon General
Pleasanton at Amosville. Reinforcements from General Wilcox's command were at
once pushed forward to support Pleasanton, who had no infantry and was compelled
to fall back, and having joined him, drove the rebels back. General Fenno at the
same time advanced upon the town of Jefferson and occupied it.
HOOKER IN THE FIELD.
General Hooker takes command of
General Fitz John Porter's corps, the latter officer being ordered to Washington
to answer charges preferred against him by
ABSENT OFFICERS TO JOIN THE ARMY.
Major-General Halleck has issued
an order that all officers, of whatever grade, belonging to the Army of the
Potomac, shall proceed to join their respective commands within twenty-four
hours. The penalty for disobedience of this order will be dismissal from
ROSECRANS AT NASHVILLE.
General Rosecrans and staff
Nashville on 10th, having left
Bowling Green at six that morning on
train to Mitchellville, making the remainder of the trip, forty miles, on
horseback, without interruption by guerrillas. The forests are blazing along the
greater portion of the route, and many dwellings have been destroyed. The
country looks painfully desolate, inhabitants, forage, and stock being nearly
THE HARPER'S FERRY SURRENDER.
The investigation of the Harper's
Ferry surrender has been brought to a close, and a general order has been issued
upon it. The result is the dismissal from the United States service by the
President of Colonel Thomas Ford, of Ohio, who abandoned the batteries on
Maryland Heights, and of Major Baird, of the One Hundred and Twenty-sixth New
York Volunteers. The conduct of General Julius White receives the approbation of
THE REBEL ARMY.
Our news from Richmond is dated
up to the 8th inst.
General Lee had arrived there two weeks ago, and is said to
be still there, acting as Commander-in-Chief and military adviser to the War
Department. The active command of the enemy's forces in the field has devolved
General Joe Johnston, who has his head-quarters at Culpepper. The Merrimac
No. 2 is completed, and now lies below
Fort Darling ready for mischief at the
mouth of the
ANOTHER SECRET EXPEDITION.
An expedition composed of 12,000
men and several gun-boats left Newbern, North Carolina, by land and water, on
the 28th ult., under command of
General Foster. Where it has gone to has not yet
been made known.
MR. GLADSTONE EXPLAINS.
THE following letter, signed by
Mr. Gladstone's secretary, has been published: He (Mr. Gladstone) holds himself
fully responsible for having declared his opinion at Leith nine mouths ago, to
the effect that if the Southern States of America were in earnest the struggle
on the part of the Northern States was hopeless, and again at Newcastle, last
week, to the effect that the confederation which has been formed under Mr.
Jefferson Davis has shown itself to be sufficiently supplied with the elements
which make a nation, and with the will and power to defend its independent
existence. He can not, however, be responsible for the inferences which, from
your letter, you appear to have drawn from his statements—the more so, as they
might, he thinks, have been checked by attention to other portions of his
declarations concerning America on the same occasion, in which he referred to
steps that might, under conceivable circumstances, be taken by the Powers of
Europe. And generally, he desires me to remark that to form opinions upon
questions of policy, to announce them to the world, and to take or be a party to
taking any of the steps necessary for giving them effect, are matters which,
though connected together, are in themselves distinct, and which may be
separated by intervals of time longer or shorter, according to the particular
circumstances of the case.
MORE REBEL VESSELS BUILDING.
A London correspondent of the
Boston Commercial Bulletin writes: "It is well you are just completing a
of 'Monitors.' You are likely to need them before long. Workmen are engaged
night and day on the Mersey, on the Clyde, and elsewhere, in building some 20
iron-clads, which are to see service in American waters. They are intended to
convoy vessels into Southern ports. This I know to be a fact. My information is
direct from those in confidence with the promoters."
ABDICATION OF THE KING.
King Otho, of Greece, abdicated
his throne on the 25th of October in favor of his brother. This step was forced
on his Majesty by a revolution, which commenced in Western Greece and spread
rapidly, the revolutionists organizing a provisional government in Patras, of
which the statesman Mavrocordata is President.
SCENE AT THE EXHIBITION IN
SARAH JANE.—"Lawks! why it's hexact like our Hemmer!"