Antietam Battlefield


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Civil War Harper's Weekly, October 11, 1862

Welcome to our online collection of Civil War Harper's Weekly newspapers. These newspapers serve as an incredible research resource for the serious student of the Civil War. These papers are full of incredible illustrations and stories made by the people who saw it all happen.

(Scroll Down to See Entire Page, or Newspaper Thumbnails below will take you to a specific page of interest)




Emancipation Proclamation Discusssion

 Emancipation Proclamation Article

Lincoln Suspends Writ of Habeas Corpus


War in the Southwest

Battle of Antietam Map

Map of the Battle of Antietam


Jackson, Tennessee



Louisville Evacuation

Louisville Evacuation


Maryland Battery at Antietam

Antietam Dead and Wounded

The Dead and Wounded at Antietam



Antietam Battlefield

Antietam Battlefield

Lincoln Cartoon

Lincoln Cartoon

Antietam Battle

Antietam Battle









OCTOBER 11, 1862.]



(Previous Page) Volunteers; beyond, in line-of-battle, the Third Wisconsin and Sixteenth Indiana. Toward the centre the brave Thirty-second New York Volunteers, under command of Lieutenant-Colonel Pinto, can be seen engaging the enemy's line; while in the distance the smoke of battle rises from the conflict in all directions. The distant mountains are the same on which the battle of the Sunday previous was fought."

The Herald account says:

The army corps which had been under General Banks before he was directed to take charge of the defenses about Washington was assigned to the command of the venerable General Mansfield. It consists of two divisions, commanded by Generals Williams and Green. The corps advanced to the scene of action in close columns of companies, arriving on the field about a couple of hours after the battle was begun. General Williams's division occupied the right and General Green's the left when the command was formed in line. The battle was raging fiercely on the right when this corps came up. With commendable alacrity the divisions were placed in position, ready to push into the contest. Hooker's men were fighting bravely and losing heavily, and assistance was required. Rapidly the regiments wheeled into position and deployed into line. General Mansfield was mortally wounded while directing the formation of his lines. A rebel sharp-shooter, seeing him mounted in front, within range of an excellent rifle, and evidently perceiving also, from his venerable appearance, that he was a general officer, took deliberate aim and shot him down, The General fell mortally wounded in the breast, and was carried from the field before his command had become engaged in the important operations of the day, in which the corps bore no inconsiderable part. General Williams, being senior officer, assumed command of the corps, and General Gordon, till then commanding a brigade, took charge of his division. The corps was formed in battle order in the rear of General Hooker, and relieved a portion of that officer's brave but decimated regiments.

On page 644 we give the


Mr. Waud says: "At this point, in the course of the day, four batteries were posted in turn. I have chosen to represent the First Maryland Battery, which fought here for some hours, doing good service in the work of driving the invader from its native land, testifying to Maryland's loyalty by hard blows for the Union. This battery was raised in Baltimore, and is armed with eight rifled light 3-inch guns. In the picture it occupies the ground upon which one of the rebel division lines was formed, the dead lying so thick. as to mark distinctly their position right across the fields. On the right is a church on the edge of the rebel position in the woods. Around this building the loss of life was enormous, the little road in front being filled (as well as the adjacent fields) with corpses. Toward the centre of the sketch is a corn-field and orchard, where there was some awful fighting, the dead lying piled up in groups. The lines were formed along the little hills from which the smoke is seen rising, where McClellan's artillery shelled the rebel positions with a tremendous fire. The rebels had one or two batteries badly used up in the fields near the little white church, among them the Sixth North Carolina; but as four or five batteries claim the honor of their destruction, it will be just as well perhaps to leave it an open question."

On page 641 we illustrate the


who had no notion of being "delivered" by Jeff Davis. Mr. Waud says: "Sharpsburg contains a population of about 2000, mostly Union people, the exceptions being very few. It suffered considerably in the recent battle, several buildings being burned, one of them being destroyed by the carelessness of the rebel soldiers who were cooking in it. All that was eatable they ate up; blankets they stole, and furniture they destroyed, even digging up things which the inhabitants had cached. Most of the citizens left the town with the women and children, hiding in the surrounding country till the rebel horde had left. A few secessionists, who remained and pointed out to the Southern rabble the houses of prominent Union men, it is to be hoped will be dealt with as they deserve. It would be a good idea to confiscate their goods for the benefit of the sufferers."

On page 648 we give an illustration of the


Mr. Waud writes: "The burned mills are seen in the centre of the picture. In the fore-ground is the Twelfth New York Volunteers, protected in the bed of the canal (from which most of the water has been run off) from the fire of the enemy's sharp-shooters, which the color-bearer is endeavoring to draw. These colors, presented to the regiment by the ladies of Syracuse, bear marks of shot and shell, and are so battle-stained and torn that it would be difficult for the before-mentioned ladies to recognize them now."

Sharpsburg is almost entirely destroyed. A Tribune correspondent says:

In posing through Sharpsburg one is struck with the appearance of the village. You will remember it was exposed for several hours on Wednesday evening to furious shelling by Burnside's artillery. The terrible effects of his shots were instantly seen the moment we entered the village. Scarcely a house remained untouched. Chimneys were knocked down, heavy stone walls smashed in, roofs lifted up and carried off, and almost every form of damage possible to conceive of to a dwelling was to be seen along the main street. The large church, standing upon the hill to the right of the turnpike, was fairly riddled with shot and battered so terribly that a new edifice will have to be erected out of the broken materials. A large brick hotel in the heart of the town had fourteen shots entirely through it. Strange to say that in all this cannonade not a citizen of the village was killed or wounded. All who did not leave sought shelter in the cellars, and were uninjured.

On page 652 we publish a picture representing


in the advance of Fitz John Porter's corps. Mr. Waud writes: "This splendid regiment was one of those which crossed to reconnoitre the enemy's position on the opposite side, the whole brigade narrowly escaping from the large force which the enemy brought against it. Some killed and a number of wounded were left on the opposite side, and were not brought over till the next day, when the rebel sharp-shooters having failed to respond to our fire for some time, a number of the men went over and brought the wounded back."

Another picture, on page 649, introduces us to the


A World correspondent says:

The severest fighting of the war was followed by the most appalling sights upon the battle-field. Never, I believe, was the ground strewn with the bodies of the dead and the dying in greater numbers or in more shocking attitudes. Let those who desire to witness a great battle, and gratify themselves with the sublimest spectacle which mortals ever gaze upon, hear but once the cries and groans of the wounded, and see the piles of dead men, in attitudes which show the writhing agony in which they died—faces distorted with the pains which afflicted the dead in their latest moments, begrimed and covered with clotted blood, arms and legs torn from the body or the body itself torn asunder, and all the scenes upon the field of battle which fill one with horror and sadness, and they will be content to deprive themselves in future of the sublimity of a battle scene, when they think upon the horrors of the field where the dead lie in heaps unburied, and the dying and wounded uncared for beside them. The faces of those who had fallen in the battle were, after more than a day's exposure, so black that no one would ever suspect that they had been white. All looked like negroes, and as they lay in piles where they had fallen, one upon another, they filled the by-standers with a sense of horror. In the road they lay scattered all around, and the stench which arose from the bodies decomposing in the sun was almost unendurable. Passing after night from Sharpsburg to Hagerstown upon the turnpike, it required the greatest care to keep my horse from trampling upon the dead, so thickly were they strewn around. Along the line for not more than a mile at least one thousand five hundred lay unburied.

On page 641 Mr. Waud introduces us to the present position of affairs by showing us


At the time he sketched they were within easy gun-shot of each other across the narrow river. Now, we learn, the barbarous custom of picket-firing has ceased.


On page 650 we give a MAP of Washington County, Maryland, which shows not only every village and every road and stream, but likewise every farm in the county; and will be found of the greatest value.


ON page 645 we reproduce three sketches by Mr. Davis, one of them representing GENERAL KENLY'S BRIGADE OF UNION TROOPS moving from Hagerstown toward the Potomac; another a SCENE ON THE BATTLE-FIELD OF ANTIETAM; and a third a HOSPITAL SCENE. General Kenly, late Provost Marshal of Baltimore, and Colonel of the Maryland regiment which suffered so severely at Front Royal, is now in command of a Maryland brigade, in the advance of General McClellan's army. He is a thorough soldier, and his men have proved that they are the right stuff. At the next battle we are much mistaken if they do not make themselves a name Mr. Davis writes that words fail to describe the kindness of the ladies of Hagerstown and the vicinity to our wounded. They are to be met at every hour of the day and night entering the hospitals with articles of food and little comforts which "ministering angels" so well know how to provide. Let us set their kindness against the rude behavior of the secesh females of Baltimore, and remember only the former.


ON page 652 we give a picture, from a sketch by our special artist in Kentucky, Mr. H. Mosler, representing a GUN-BOAT IN THE OHIO on the look-out for rebels. Mr. Mosier writes:

"LOUISVILLE, September, 1862.

"Inclosed please find a sketch of the boats defending the Ohio River where possibly it might be forded, or stationed at different points to prevent the erection of batteries on the Kentucky shores. These boats are defended by bales of hay, and their pilot-houses made bullet-proof by heavy oak planking. They occasionally reconnoitre up and down the river, shelling the woods, as represented in my sketch."


IN one of our large army hospitals—now, alas! a common sight in this once peaceful country—surrounded by the wounded and dying, lay a mere boy. One glance at the fever-flush on his fair cheek, the unnatural brilliancy of the beautiful blue eye, together with the painfully-restless movement that tossed the bright curls from his heated forehead, told with mournful certainty the tale that his hours were numbered.

Yet only a fellow-soldier sat beside him. No fond mother's or sister's hand bathed that fevered brow; and tender tones whispering words of love and comfort were wanting by the bedside of the dying lad. The physician approached him, and, used as he was to such scenes, said, sadly, "What a pity! yesterday such a fair prospect of recovery, and to day no chance. Poor boy!" he continued, in an under tone; "I wonder where his mother is! but she could never get here in time. Ah, well! it's fretting so much has done it." Here the poor lad interrupted, saying, with feverish eagerness, and that pretty mingling of Scotch and English always so interesting, "It's na the fretting; it's the vow. Sin I canna see her in the body I maun in the spirit, and before night—oh me!" "Delirious," said the doctor; "I feared it;" and, with an injunction to the watching soldier to let him talk as much as he pleased, passed on—he had no time to spend by the dying boy. Thus encouraged to talk—for the young soldier had his senses perfectly—he turned to his comrade, saying, "Will you hear me tell it, James? It wad mak the time seem shorter to speak out what is in my head. Weel, then, I'll begin at the time when father, mither, Jessie, an I all lived in that sweet wee home awa among the Scotch mountains. We hadna much, to be sure, but enough to keep oursels, and some'at to spare for our poorer neighbors. Jessie was a very bonnie lass, older then mysel by some years, and it was na long till she was promised to the minister of the place. A nice young

man was he, an all the country round was glad when it was known. It cam Jessie's birthday just three months before the wedding-day. She was very sad, an kep saying how happy she had been at hame, an how no ither spot could ever be to her what it had been; and then, in the middle of the dancing an fun, she up an threw her arms round my mither's neck, an vowed that always, on that evening, so long as my mither was alive, she would come—whether 'in the body or in the spirit,' she would never fail.

" 'Twas a wild word for her to speak, an many o' the neighbors shook their heads as they heard; an the talk went round the town that Jessie Graeme had bound hersel by sich a strange vow." Here the boy paused from extreme exhaustion, and, as he rested for a few moments, seemed to be looking at something very far off; then, rousing himself, said, "I maun be short; it is near the time. Jessie was married, an our hearts were just as glad as children; till one day word cam that Jessie an her husband were drowned. In crossing a little loch to visit some sick folk the boat must 'a overturned, for it was found floating; but we never saw them again.

"Oh, 'twas a bitter time! My mither fretted much; for, though she keened it true, she couldna think of our bonnie lassie lying dead an cold in her husband's arms, on the stones at the bottom of the loch. My father fretted too. He wadna think that she was dead, but kep saying she wad soon be back to gladden our hearts ance mair; but she never cam; an we three, wi' sickening hearts, waited for her birthday; we kenned right weel that, dead or alive, her promise wad be kep.

"The night came, an we sat wi' open door an curtain drawn from the window (for when they come in the spirit it's only through the window they can look). We three by the bright fire sat waiting for the first sound o' her footstep. I heard it first, as, wi' the water dripping from her clothes, she cam swiftly up the walk, an, putting aside the rose-bush, looked in—only for one moment; then she was gone; but by that we kenned she was dead. It seemed to comfort my mither; so that, when I left soon after to come here, I made the same vow, 'that so lang as my mither lived, whether in the body or in the spirit, I wad, on the same night, stand by Jessie's side;' an I maun," he added, his eyes brightening, and a cold damp gathering on his brow. "Does no one see? Don't you hear the water dripping frae her dress? My mither, wi' her long gray hair! See, she is putting the roses awa. How cold an clammy her hand is! It is dark!" and, with these words, fell back lifeless on the bed. In awe-struck silence his eyes were closed, and the cheeks of the bravest paled at the thought that the spirit they had so loved and revered for unfailing tenderness and true courage might be, at that moment, standing by the sister it had so dearly loved, looking through the casement on the home and parents of their childhood, while the beautiful frame it had inhabited lay motionless before them.


HICKCOX—BOGERT. In this City, on Tuesday, the 23d, at the residence of the bride's brother, by Rev. T. B. Jervis (of Oriskany, N. Y.), Mr. D. S. HICKCOX to Miss ALIDA ANN BOGERT, both of Brooklyn.


Chemicals, &c. SODA ASH, of different tests, for Soap and Glass makers, various brands, 200 Tons.

CAUSTIC SODA, in packages of 5 cwt., of the best English make.

SAL SODA and Newcastle BI CARB. SODA, 250 Tons.

PALM OIL, an assortment, 100 Casks of prime. CREAM TARTAR and TARTARIC ACID crystals;

also powdered, perfectly pure.


Importers, 136 and 138 Cedar St., New York.

Attention Masons and Soldiers.

I will send (as sample), on the receipt of $1, a handsome Gold Masonic Pin or Ring, or Plated Vest chain, or a fine Gold Pen and Pencil, or Engraved Locket, or Bracelet, or Neck Chain, or a beautiful set of Jewelry, together with my wholesale Circular. W. A. HAYWARD, Manufacturing Jeweler, 208 Broadway, New York.

These Celebrated Engraved Cards sold only at J. EVERDELL'S Old Establishment, 302 Broadway, cor. Duane St., N. Y. Established 1840. For Specimen by Mail, send two stamps.

Send 3 c. for circular. W. SUMNER & CO., N. Y. Every Man his own Printer. Portable Printing-Offices for the Army and Navy, Druggist, and Business Men generally. Send for a circular. ADAMS PRESS COMPANY, 31 Park Row (under Lovejoy's Hotel), New York.

SAVE YOUR SILKS, RIBBONS, GLOVES, &c.—Hegeman It Co.'s Benzine removes paint and grease spots instantly, and cleans Silks, Gloves, Ribbons, &c., &c., without injury to either color or fabric. Only 25 cents per bottle. Sold by druggists generally.

HEGEMAN & CO., Chemists and Druggists, New York.


All Articles for Soldiers at Baltimore, Washington, Hilton Head, Newbern, and all places occupied by Union troops, should be sent, at half rates, by HARNDENS EXPRESS, No. 74 Broadway. Sutlers charged low rates.

J. H. Winslow & Co.

Watches, Chains, Sets of Jewelry, Gold Pens, Bracelets, Lockets, Rings, Gent's Pins, Sleeve Buttons, Studs, &c., &c.

Worth 500,000,

To be sold for ONE DOLLAR each, without regard to value, and not to be paid for until you know what you are to get. Send for Circular containing full list and particulars. Send 25 cents for a Certificate.

Certificates of all the various articles, stating what each one can have, are first put into envelopes, sealed up, and mixed; and when ordered, are taken out without regard to choice, and sent by mail, thus giving all a fair chance. On receipt of the Certificate you will see what you can have, and then it is at your option to send one dollar and take the article or not.

In all transactions by mail, we shall charge for forwarding the Certificates, paying postage, and doing the business, 25 cents each, which must be enclosed when the certificate is sent for. Five Certificates will be sent for $1, eleven for $2, thirty for $5, sixty-five for $10, and one hundred for $15.

AGENTS.—Those acting as Agents will be allowed ten cents on every certificate ordered by them, provided their remittance amounts to one dollar. . Agents will collect 25 cents for every Certificate and remit 15 cents to us, either in cash or postage stamps. Great caution should be used by our correspondents in regard to giving their correct address, Town, County, and State. Address J. H. WINSLOW & CO., 208 Broadway, New York.

N.B. We wish it distinctly understood that all articles of jewelry not giving perfect satisfaction can be returned and the money will be refunded.

AGENTS.—Watches and Jewelry for Army, Navy, and Country Trade, the most salable kinds at the lowest Eastern prices. Circular of prices, &c., free.

      HUBBARD BROS., New York.

Standard Naval Books.

SIMPSON'S NAVAL GUNNERY.—A Treatise on Ordnance and Naval Gunnery, compiled and arranged as a Text-Book for the U. S. Naval Academy. By Lieut. EDWARD SIMPSON, U. S. N. Second Edition, revised and enlarged. 8vo, half roan, plates and wood-cuts, $4.

BARRETT'S GUNNERY INSTRUCTIONS, simplified for the Volunteer Officers of the U. S. Navy, with hints to executive and other officers. By Lieut. EDWARD SIMPSON, U. S. N., Instructor in Gunnery, Brooklyn Navy-Yard. 12mo, cloth, $1.25.

LEVY'S MANUAL OF INTERNAL RULES AND REGULATIONS FOR MEN-OF-WAR. By Com. U. P. LEVY, U. S. N. New Edition, revised, with Rules and Regulations for the Engineer Department, by A. C. STIMERS, Chief-Engineer U. S. N. 18mo, cloth, 50 cents.

   D. VAN NOSTRAND, Publisher,

   No. 192 Broadway, New York.

Copies of the above sent free by mail on receipt of price.

Ballard's Patent Breech-Loading Rifle.

This arm is entirely new, and is universally acknowledged to be the nearest to perfection of any Breech-Loading Rifle ever made. Length of barrel 24 inches, weight of Rifle 7 pounds. Size of Calibre adapted to Nos. 32, 38, and 44 copper water-proof Cartridges. Also,

Prescott's Cartridge Revolvers

The 8in., or Navy Size, carries a Ball weighing 38 to the lb., and the. No. 32, or 4in. Revolver, a Ball 80 to the lb. By recent experiments made in the Army, these Revolvers were pronounced the best and most effective weapons in use. For particulars call or send for a Circular to MERWIN & BRAY, Sole Agents, No. 262 Broadway, N. Y. Also Agents for the SOLDIER'S BULLET-PROOF VEST.

BEAUTY.—Hunt's Bloom of Roses, a charming and perfectly natural color for the cheeks, or lips. Will not wash off, but remains durable for years. Can only be removed with vinegar, and warranted not to injure the skin. Used by the celebrated Court Beauties of Europe exclusively. Mailed free from observation for one dollar.

HUNT & CO., Perfumers, 133 S. Seventh St., Philad.

$75 A MONTH!—I WANT TO HIRE AGENTS in every County at $75 per month and expenses, to sell a new and cheap Sewing Machine. Address (with stamp).   S. MADISON, Alfred, Maine.

To all Wanting Farms.

Large and thriving settlement of Vineland. Rich soil. Good crops of Wheat, Corn, Peaches, &c., to be seen—only 30 miles from Philadelphia. Delightful climate—20 acre tracts of from $15 to $20 per acre, payable within 4 years. Good schools and society. Hundreds are settling. Apply to CHAS. K. LANDIS, P.M., Vineland, Cumberland Co., New Jersey. Report of Solon Robinson and Vineland Rural sent free. From Report of Solon Robinson, Ag. Ed. Tribune.

"It is one of the most extensive fertile tracts, in an almost level position, and suitable condition for pleasant farming that we know of this side of the Western Prairies.


Cooking Extracts.

Those of our readers who have used Burnett's Toilet Articles will improve the first opportunity to supply themselves with his equally celebrated Cooking Extracts.



Containing the Words of of Popular Songs that have appeared since the publication of the First Part, together with numerous other favorites. Price 12 cts., on receipt of which copies will be mailed, post-paid.

OLIVER DITSON & CO., Publishers, Boston.

$60 A MONTH!—We want Agents at Sixty Dollars a month and all expenses paid, to sell our new CLOTHES WRINGERS, ORIENTAL BURNERS, and 12 other new articles. Address SHAW & CLARK, Biddeford, Maine.

DO YOU WANT LUXURIANT WHISKERS OR MUSTACHES?—My Onguent will force them to grow heavily in six weeks (upon the smoothest face) without stain or injury to the skin. Price $1—sent by mail, post free, to any address, on receipt of an order. R. G. GRAHAM, No. 109 Nassau Street, N. Y.

HARPER & BROTHERS, FRANKLIN SQUARE, NEW YORK, Have just Published; OLIVE BLAKE'S GOOD WORK. A Novel. By JOHN CORDY JEAFFRESON, Author of "Isabel; or, the Young Wife and the Old Love," 8vo, Paper, 25 cents.

B. T. Babbitt's Pure Concentrated Potash, Warranted double the strength of common Potash, and superior to any Saponifier in market, put up in cans of 1 lb., 2 lbs., 3 lbs., 6 lbs., and 12 lbs., with full directions for making Hard and Soft Soap. One pound will make fifteen gallons of Soft Soap. No lime is required. Consumers will find this the cheapest Potash in market. Address B. T. BABBITT, 64 to 74 Washington Street, New York.





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