Civil War Overview
Civil War 1861
Civil War 1862
Civil War 1863
Civil War 1864
Civil War 1865
Civil War Battles
Robert E. Lee
Civil War Medicine
Civil War Links
Civil War Art
Republic of Texas
Civil War Gifts
Robert E. Lee Portrait
Page) disheartens the loyal, and delights the rebels and their
friends. The riot checks the suppression of the rebellion, and must therefore
not be itself sternly suppressed, but entreated and toyed with. "Don't shoot the
citizens," says the Chief Magistrate. "Don't use guns, use clubs, they are
softer than bullets," says the Chief Magistrate's newspaper. This riot is a
"popular uprising," a "movement of the people," say the Governor and his
newspaper. This riot is "good," it is "most excellent," echo the rebel journals
Mr. Seymour's role has two difficulties: the
first is, so to direct the "popular uprising" that it shall have the dignity of
a real revolution, and not become an orgy of rapine and massacre, having no
relation whatever to the draft; the second is, when the State is formally
arrayed against the nation, to persuade the citizens of New York that they ought
to take part with their State against their country. The citizens of this State
who compose the State militia are no less citizens of the United States. If an
armed conflict of allegiance should arise, how would they fight? That is a
question for the chief magistrate and for every citizen to ponder, and its
solution will depend upon the quality of the Union sentiment of the State. If
New York bolds to secession, it would, in such a conflict, side with Mr. Seymour
and Mr. Wood. If it believed in the national Union it would not side with those
THE rebel papers, when swelling
with success, have been very fond of applying this name to
Stonewall Jackson, or some other of their
military commanders. And it has not been unfashionable, even among loyal men, to
regret that the military ability seemed to be so much with the enemy.
General Lee is rather a small specimen of a
"great captain." He has fought two battles at
Fredericksburg, where he was in the one
superbly intrenched, and in the other he fought with an army whose leader had
lost his self-command. In these two battles he was the victor. Twice, also, he
has marched with a great flourish of European, and rebel, and Copperhead
applause across the Potomac—and twice, not to put too fine a point upon it, he
has been kicked back again. While Stonewall Jackson lived, Lee may have seemed
to be a "great captain." Lee was the superior in rank, but it was Stonewall
Jackson who came rushing down the Shenandoah. It was Stonewall Jackson who came
hurrying in upon the Peninsula. It was Stonewall Jackson who flanked
Pope. And it was again Stonewall Jackson who
Hooker. Since Stonewall Jackson died, the
history of the "great captain" Lee begins and ends at
Jackson's exploits were those of
an active, impetuous partisan leader. He moved his division rapidly. He appeared
at unexpected points at unlooked-for times, and his appearance was always
effective. But there is nothing in Jackson's career, no vast operations, no
large command, no comprehensive movement, which shows the qualities of "a great
captain." These qualities must be sought, and will be found among the generals
of the Union.
before Vicksburg, with the final movement of a
flying column from one base to another through the enemy's country, the
investment and capture of the city, indicate a military grasp and persistence
and fertility in
General Grant of which there has not been a
trace in the career of any rebel soldier. The Louisiana campaign of
General Banks, ending in the siege and capture
of Port Hudson, is a chapter of uncheckered brilliancy, as imposing and useful
as the Northern campaigns of the "great captain" Lee have been ludicrous and
futile. The turning the tide of battle at Murfreesboro, and the careful
preparation which won a victory without a struggle in the summer campaign of
Rosecrans in Southern Tennessee, is unparalleled in the whole military history
of the rebellion. Against these prodigious and vital movements the rushes of
Jackson, rapid and telling as they were, are but little episodes, and the
pompous performances of Lee and Beauregard are merely amusing. The liberators of
the Mississippi and of Tennessee, and the victor of Lee and his horde, are thus
far the "great captains" of this war.
A TRANSPARENT MASK.
IT is always useless and
uncomfortable to wear a mask after you are discovered; and it is therefore a
spectacle appealing to the liveliest sympathies of the humane, that of the
pertinacity with which the Copperhead journals and orators affect concern for
the safety of the Union and Government.
If it were not perfectly well
known that they justified secession when it inaugurated rebellion, and when they
thought the country would be obliged to submit—if it were not equally known that
they hate the political party in power much more than they hate the rebellion—if
they did not quite so frankly declare that the Government has violated the
Constitution as flagrantly as the rebels—if they did not so plainly show that
they prefer disunion rather than a restoration of the Union with emancipation—if
they were not so constantly overwhelmed with admiration of the "Confederate"
ability, and the dignity of the "Confederate" Government, and the valor of the
"Confederate" army —if they ever had any words but the most scornful censure for
our own Government, or ever sought to inspire the public mind with patriotic
hope and energy and faith—if they betrayed the least love of the great doctrine
of human liberty, which is the corner-stone of the American Government, or
valued any clause of the Constitution but those which painfully and obscurely
recognize the fact of slavery—if they did not so magnify our reverses and
belittle our triumphs—it might be useful for their purpose still to wear the
mask of loyalty.
But when they ruffle their plumes
with so fine a show of moral indignation, and demand to know
whether American citizens are to
be told by their fellows that they are not loyal without resenting it, the only
difficulty with the showy performance is that every honest man in the land knows
it to be a part of the game. It is the way in which they serve the rebellion.
They affect a feverish solicitude for the Constitution, in order that the
Constitution maybe more surely overthrown. They claim to be Union men,
distinctively, that they may resist all specific measures for its salvation.
They declaim against military necessity, in order that a wily and unscrupulous
foe may have every advantage. They defame the Government, that it may not seem
to he worth fighting for. They denounce it as a despotism, that there may be
riots, blood, and war in the free States. They assume a high regard for personal
liberty and rights, in order that the personal liberty and rights of the
unfortunate may be annihilated. They call themselves friends of the United
States Government, and every thing they say or do is hailed with joy by its
enemies. They claim to be supporters of order and law, and anarchy rises and
riots under their auspices. They will wear the mask still, however transparent,
because some are always deceived. But if Jeff Davis should stand triumphant over
the Government to-morrow, they would kneel before him, throwing down the mask no
longer needed, and humbly praying for the reward they have fairly earned from
him and from every other enemy of their country.
WHETHER the wolf of foreign
intervention is really coming at last, after the incessant alarms of the last
two years, is quite as doubtful as ever. It is not, indeed, the usual custom of
nations to wait until an adversary has fully proved his strength before
attacking him. Moreover, the only pretense that could be urged for recognizing
the revolted part of a friendly country as an independent power is removed by
the success of the Government. Unless, therefore, we suppose that England and
France are confident that we mean to seize the moment of domestic settlement to
declare war upon them, and that they therefore wish to begin war against us
before we are fully released from our difficulties, we have no reason to suppose
that we are in danger of a foreign war.
Is France in condition to enter
upon the conquest of this continent? Does her situation in Europe justify a
great American war? Or is England likely to join her in an Anti-American
alliance? Again, does England wish a great war? Is not her present resolution to
spend no more money, and did not the Crimean war so increase the weight of her
taxes as to render war with us a dangerous experiment? Do not England and France
know perfectly well that, in case of universal war, Russia is our ally, and that
a vast popular revolution would immediately develop itself throughout Europe?
If we will destroy ourselves,
John Bull will enjoy the spectacle he has long wished. But even to gratify his
insolent and sullen selfishness he will hardly dare to attack us just as we have
made ourselves a military nation.
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
AN OPTICAL ILLUSION.—A chandler
having had some candles stolen, a person bid him be of good cheer, "for in a
short time," said he, "I am confident they will all come to light."
"Have I not offered you every
advantage?" said a doting father to his son. "Oh yes," replied the youth; "but I
could not think of taking advantage of my own father."
It is as important in guarding
your secrets as in protecting your treasure to keep your chest locked.
A quiet and witty man combines
the qualities of two kinds of Champagne—still and sparkling.
(LINES BY A YOUNG LADY.)
When I regard that plumage gay,
By Nature's bounty all conferred,
I often feel disposed to say,
Would I were clothed as yonder
But oh, that moulting! To appear
In dishabille until 'twas o'er,
To get a dress but once a year,
And wear one fashion evermore!
When I consider all those things,
I check the wish that seems
And sigh no more for golden
I'd not be clothed like yonder
MOTTOES.—A vain man's motto is,
"Win gold and wear it;" a generous man's, "Win gold and share it ;" a miser's,
"Win gold and spare it;" a profligate's, "Win gold and spend it;" a broker's,
"Win gold and lend it;" a fool's, "Win gold and end it;" a gambler's, "Win gold
and lose it;" a wise man's, "Win gold and use it."
CHANCE FOR SPECULATION.—An
amateur naturalist offers a reward to the man who will furnish him a live
specimen of the "brick bat."
A dandy a few mornings since
accosted the carrier of Peckham as follows: "You take all sorts of trumpery in
your cart, don't you?" "Yes, jump in, jump in."
QUESTION FOR ETYMOLOGISTS.—Do the
"roots of words" produce "flowers of speech?"
"There, now it's done, and can't
be helped," as the cook said when she had roasted and eaten her master's
"You are very pressing," as the
filbert said to the nut-cracker.
The most musical county in
Scotland.—The county of Fife.
A land-slide may be said to be a
fine specimen of "ground tumbling."
The table which was "set in a
roar" has been presented as an ornament to the lions' cage at the Regent's Park
Wanted, by a curiosity collector,
the horns of an Irish "bull."
Not long since one of the
field-officers of the 1st Blanktown Volunteers rode up to head-quarters, his
horse reeking with foam from hard riding, dismounted, and threw the reins to
Giles, saying, "Feed him." "Is he not too warm to feed now?" inquired Giles.
"No, you may feed him now with impunity." "Impunity? Quarter-master Jones has
furnished the usual quantity of forage, but nary pound of impunity!"
A young lady should take heed
when an admirer bends low before her. The bent beau is dangerous.
LARNING.—"Ah," said old Mrs.
Roosenbury, "larning is a great thing; I've often felt the need of it. Why,
would you believe it, I'm now sixty years old, and only know the names of three
months in the year; and them's spring, fall, and autumn; I larnt the names of
them when I was a little bit of a gal!"
A certain gentleman in the West
of England being at the point of death, a neighboring brother, who had some
interest with his patron, applied to him for the next presentation; upon which
the former, who soon after recovered, upbraided him with a breach of friendship,
and said he wanted his death. "No, no, doctor," says the other; "you quite
mistake; it is your living I wanted."
THE CLIMAX.—A clergyman in
Wisconsin, one Sunday, informed his hearers that he should divide his discourse
into three parts—the first should be terrible, the second horrible, the third
the terrible horrible. Assuming a dramatic tragic attitude, he exclaimed in a
startling agonizing tone:
"What's that I see there?" Still
louder, "What's that I see there?" Here a little old woman in black cried out,
with shrill treble tone:
"It's nothing but my little black
dog; he won't bite nobody."
All mercantile houses, where the
duties are well attended to, are sure to become custom-houses.
It is easier to make up one's
mind to early rising than one's body.
A reverend dean, economical of
his wine, descanting on the extraordinary performance of a blind man, remarked
that the poor fellow could see no more than "that bottle." "No wonder, Sir,"
replied a minor canon; "for I have seen no more than that bottle all the
A fellow having been adjudged, on
a conviction of perjury, to lose his ears, when the executioner came to put the
sentence of the law in force, he found that he had been entirely cropped. The
hangman seemed a little surprised. "What," said the criminal, with all the
coolness imaginable, "am I obliged to furnish you with ears every time you are
pleased to crop me?"
Mrs. Partington is delighted that
Prince Alfred would have nothing to do with Foreign Greece. She says she always
thought he had much better stick to his native Ile.
In the way of pointing a swell's
biography it is remarked that all's well if a swell ends a swell as he began.
Conscience is a Monitor, but the
Monitors in most bosoms are iron-clad.
THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC.
NOTHING quite positive is known
of the position of the two armies of the Potomac. It is understood, however,
that while we hold the upper passes of the mountains, A. P. Hill's and
Longstreet's corps have escaped through Chester and Thornton's Gap into Eastern
Virginia. Our forces are said to be active, and skirmishing goes on daily. A
report is current that Lee is at or near Culpepper.
THE BOMBARDMENT OF CHARLESTON.
We give an account elsewhere of
the unsuccessful attack of
General Gilmore on
Fort Wagner on 18th. It would
appear that the bombardment was steadily continued from that time to the 25th.
The rebels say that on 25th "The bombardment of Fort Wagner was still
progressing, and was answered by Fort Wagner and Fort Sumter. The National
forces are said to have two batteries on Morris Island, and to have strengthened
their position." On 26th the firing was heard by a passing vessel. It was heavy
THE LATEST FROM GRANT.
Joe Johnston evacuated Jackson on
the night of the 16th, escaping across the river, and retreating east.
Sherman, however, entertains the opinion that most of his army must perish from
heat, lack of water, and general discouragement. On 23d General Sherman is said
to have burned and evacuated Jackson, moving with his army across the Big Black.
General McPherson's corps left Vicksburg for the North on 21st—it was said for
CAPTURE OF MORGAN.
Morgan is captured at
last—himself and the whole of his force. On the morning of 26th ult. Major Way,
with 250 of the Ninth Michigan Cavalry, forced him to an engagement near
Salinville, Ohio, and routed him, capturing 240 prisoners, Morgan himself,
however, escaping with 300 men; but they were all subsequently captured by
General Shackleford near New Lisbon. Morgan and his officers are to be held as
hostages for Colonel Streight and his officers, who are in close confinement in
Secessia on the charge of having armed negroes.
MOVEMENTS OF ROSECRANS.
In the Richmond Enquirer of 26th
ult. is a dispatch from Atlanta, Georgia, which expresses the belief that
General Rosecrans is organizing an expedition against that place, and a raid on
the Northwestern Georgia Railroad.
Rosecrans himself has been in
Nashville, reviewing troops and inspecting hospitals.
AN EXPEDITION TO NATCHEZ.
General Ransom's expedition to
Natchez was one of much importance, and attended with the most gratifying
results. Among the captures were 5000 head of Texas cattle, a considerable
number of prisoners, and a number of wagons loaded with ammunition, intended for
FOSTER'S NORTH CAROLINA RAID.
General Foster's official report
of the results of the cavalry expedition in North Carolina has been received at
the War Department. In addition to the railroad bridge at Rocky Mount, on the
Wilmington and Weldon Railroad, which it will take weeks to replace, and the
mills, both flouring and cotton, already mentioned, our forces destroyed an
engine and a train of cars, twenty-five wagons filled with stores and munitions,
an armory and machine-shops; and at Tarboro, two steamboats and one iron-clad in
process of construction, besides a saw-mill, a train of cars, and large
quantities of subsistence and ordnance stores. About a hundred prisoners were
also captured, and some three hundred horses and mules and three hundred
contrabands. And all this with a loss in killed, wounded, and missing, of only
about twenty-five men, though our force was skirmishing almost constantly.
ANOTHER REBEL INVASION.
There is another invasion
excitement in Kentucky. A severe skirmish took place at Richmond on 28th, in
which a small National force was compelled to fall back to the Kentucky River,
and the report is current that the rebel force engaged was the advance-guard of
Bragg's army, which is advancing on Lexington.
OPENING OF THE MISSISSIPPI.
The St. Louis Democrat of Tuesday
The steamer Continental, Captain
Patrick Yore--the first boat to load at this port for
New Orleans since the
opening of the Mississippi River—is advertised to leave for below immediately.
The Continental received orders to load for New Orleans with Government freight
yesterday afternoon. We are not advised as to whether passengers will be carried
or not. The event marks an important era, and it is hoped will speedily be
followed by the departure of other steamers, and a general resumption of
business between this port and the Crescent City."
FIGHT AT ELK CREEK.
On the 14th ult. a severe fight
occurred at Elk Creek, fifty miles south of Fort Gibson, between the National
forces under General Blunt, numbering 2400 men, with twelve pieces of artillery,
and the rebels under General Cooper, numbering 5000, resulting in the complete
rout of the rebels. General Blunt marched fifty miles in twenty-four hours, and
attacked Cooper immediately. Two rebel guns were dismounted and captured, and
the enemy briskly fled, pursued by our forces.
A REBEL FAST.
Jeff Davis has issued a
proclamation appointing the 21st of August as a day of fasting, humiliation, and
THE PUBLIC DEBT.
Official statements show that the
total public debt of the United States on the 1st July was $1,097,274,366—less
by over $25,000,000 than anticipated by the Secretary of the Treasury last
ROEBUCK BACKS DOWN.
AT the instance of Lord
Palmerston, Roebuck has withdrawn his motion for the recognition of the Southern
Confederacy after a lively debate.
AN EMPEROR WANTED.
On 10th July the Assembly of
Notables, being duly assembled by a previous convocation, declared unanimously,
with the exception of two votes, that the Mexican nation, through them, selected
the Empire as the form of Government, and through them proclaimed the Archduke
Maximilian, of Austria, Emperor of Mexico, and that, should his Highness refuse
the throne thus offered him, they implored the Emperor of the French to select a
person in whom he had full confidence to occupy the throne of Mexico.
The Assembly of Notables is a
party of renegades and bandits got together by Forey the French General.