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Page) our wayward sisters go, the Conservatives would not have
threatened trouble. We do not know the subject of his lecture. But we judge, as
the Conservatives probably judged, from his antecedents, that there was danger
he might say that people ought not to sell other people's babies merely because
they were poor and helpless; and that is a little more than Conservatism can
We say Conservatism, and we say
it advisedly. The party which claims that name to-day is the party which has
always favored and incited riots for the suppression of free speech in time of
perfect quiet, and which now complains because in a time of extreme public peril
some few men have been silenced by the Government. The party which to-day
assumes to be Conservative is the party which has always said, when the peace
has been broken by a mob on account of a speech or lecture which the inciters of
the mob did not like, "Of course; served him right. Let him shut up his d—
mouth!" The leaders of the public riots in Boston and Philadelphia, and New York
and Syracuse, in the winters of 1859-'60, were what is called "respectable" men,
under whose guidance and support the rabble acted; and these "respectable" men
are now the chief pillars of the Conservative party, which is so overwhelmed at
the arbitrary invasion of the rights of speech by that hoary and appalling
Moreover, this same Conservative
party is the same party which at that time frankly and openly defended the
destruction of the plainest constitutional rights at the South. If a man was
tarred and feathered in Georgia or Arkansas, "Of course," they said, "why didn't
he hold his tongue? If we could only force these fellows to be silent here at
the North, we shouldn't all be in danger of being hung when we go into a slave
On the other hand, when Toombs
lectured in Boston, was he mobbed? When Yancey made a tour through the North, in
the very heat of a tremendous political canvass, was he mobbed? When, a little
earlier, the dull Simms and the sentimental Thompson lectured in the
Lyceums—were they mobbed? No, never. The newspapers of this pseudo-conservatism
unblushingly declare that the "Free-speech party" is very zealous for its own
speech, and very inimical to that of others. It is simply untrue. A street-mob
gathered against an unpopular speaker by the anti-slavery party in this country
is an event almost, if not altogether unknown. While the innumerable threats and
riotous attempts against the free public discussion of important public
questions by American citizens have always been instigated, and often led by
those who now claim, as they then claimed, to be Conservative; and, therefore,
while we would not hold any party responsible for the excesses of its individual
members, the truth of history justifies us in the assertion that the spirit of
the Conservative party in this country has favored and still favors the most
lawless and dangerous assaults upon individual rights.
To attempt to extenuate such
street-mobs by the arrest by Government in time of war of men who are trying to
embarrass and defeat its efforts to save itself from destruction is futile and
foolish. The Government has not suppressed free speech. It has tolerated not
only honest criticism but the most venomous attacks in the interest of disunion
and rebellion. In the confusion of the sudden burst of the war it stopped
Schnabel's mouth for a little while; but soon released him, and has permitted
Vallandigham, and Van Buren, and Rynders to say exactly what they chose. We
certainly do not claim that the Government is infallible, or has made no
mistakes. But we do claim, and history will confirm, that the friends of that
Government, those who brought it into power and those who sustain it now, are
not only the especial friends of the natural rights of all men, but of the
constitutional privileges of American citizens—while the party that now calls
itself Conservative not only denies the rights of man, but systematically, in
time of perfect peace, connives at the violation of the constitutional rights of
A PLUM FOR
THERE is one consolation in
contemplating the Proclamation, and that is, that one man, at least, is pleased.
What man? No other than our wayward sister Van Buren. On the 13th of July, 1849,
he made a speech in Cleveland, Ohio. Will you taste a plum from it, this fine
morning? Here it is, at your service:
"Yet there is one thing which
remains to be done to perfect this proud fabric [the government], and render it
as enduring as time. Strike the manacles front the slave, and elevate him to the
position of a moral, rational, intelligent, and, if need be, A POLITICAL BEING!"
It is clear what Mr. Van Buren
went to Washington for. It was to urge the President not to falter. And the
President has done the very thing which our wayward sister thought was the only
thing wanting to make the government eternal!
CHANCE IN BATTLE.
SIR EDWARD CUST, a retired
British General, who was contemporary with all the great wars of this century,
has been writing their annals. Two of his volumes cover the first nine years of
the century, including the battles of Marengo, Austerlitz, Eylau, Jena, and
Wagram; Trafalgar and Copenhagen; Assaye, Laswarree, Delhi, Agra; and Talavera—with
lesser fights by sea and land.
Such a book has a most timely
interest; and one of its chief morals is the truth which General Napier always
so strongly stated, that the event of every battle is in a great degree a matter
of chance. In a position favorable to cavalry, a dashing charge may turn defeat
into victory. Or again, as at Waterloo, an unseen road, which Napoleon did not
know, may baffle the shrewdest plan, and wrest from your hands the victory
Thus, in speaking of Marengo,
which was the first overwhelming triumph of the First Consul—making him, as
General Cust thinks, Emperor—he
says: "The personal fame accruing
to him as the victor and director of the contest has been greatly exaggerated.
The battle was clearly lost at foul o'clock; and had the Austrian General been
where he ought to have been, there was nothing in the renewed combinations of
Napoleon which could have carried the day. But when the Austrians were
surprised, and at one blow deprived both of Melas and De Zach, so slight an
event as a successful charge of cavalry was enough to change completely the
state of affairs, and to convert defeat into victory."
If we bore such facts in mind, we
should not suffer ourselves to be profoundly depressed or foolishly elated by
the success of any single engagement. We should neither suppose that "the
backbone of the rebellion" was broken because Vicksburg, for instance, was
taken; nor that there was no longer any hope for mankind and civil liberty
because Burnside was not successful at Fredericksburg. Marengo alone would
certainly not have made Napoleon Emperor. So no single victory, but continued
success alone, will subdue the rebellion.
AN AMUSING BOOK.
MR. STEPHEN C. MASSETT, otherwise
"Colonel Jeems Pipes of Pipesville," has in the press of Carleton an
autobiographical work, called "Drifting About." The title precisely expresses
the scope and character of the book. "Colonel Jeems" carries his reader with him
all over the world. He drifts from Botany Bay to St. Peter's; from eating Poi
with the King of the Sandwich Islands to riding upon a donkey through the bazars
of Cairo. From California and Oregon and Australia he passes to India, where he
arrives during the Sepoy rebellion. His shrewd eye shows him in all these lands
and scenes the most striking and amusing points, and his ready pen nimbly
sketches them for the companions who wish to have all the pleasure of drifting
without the annoyances. And as the work will be "comically illustrated," whoever
selects "Colonel Jeems" as his guide, philosopher, and friend in a rapid
circumnavigation of the globe will hardly fail to be diverted and instructed.
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
A HINT FOR THE LAZY.—The sun
wouldn't be as bright as he is if it were not for his early rising.
There was a young lady of
One day that her lover had kissed
She seemed quite perplexed,
And to show she was vexed
She gave such a slap to her
There was a young lady of Leeds,
Her eyes were the bigness of
When they said, "Do you squint?"
She replied, "I've got lint,
Which I put to my nose when it
There was a young lady of Harrow,
Who would go to church in a
It stuck in the aisle,
And she said, with a smile,
"They build these here churches
The first apple was eaten by the
"Man is placed in this world as a
spectator; when he is tired of wondering at all the novelties about him, and not
till then, does he desire to be made acquainted with the causes that create
We are told that in Michigan they
sheer sheep by machinery. We should have thought this had been a sheer
The man that forgets a great deal
that has happened has a better memory than he who remembers a great deal that
We are told to "take care;" but
it comes soon enough whether we want to take it or not.
One kind of mortar is designed to
fill up chinks; another to make them.
Judy Brallaghan having been
requested to open some oysters, after knocking them about for some time,
exclaimed, "Upon my conscience, then, but they are mighty hard to peel!"
Carriage accidents may be avoided
in winter by keeping the horses' shoes and the driver's bottle well corked.
A correspondent writes to ask how
much the waist of time measures round?
Mosquitoes are like doctors, they
never let blood without running up a bill.
A man cut off by his baker for
non-payment of his bill is "struck off the rolls."
People who like so much to talk
their mind should sometimes try to mind their talk.
LINES WRITTEN ON GLASS.—The
following lines are visible on a window-pane of the Hotel des Pays-Bas, Spa,
"I love but one, and only one,
Oh, Damon, thou art he;
Love thou but one, and only one,
And let that one be me."
Why should the stars be the best
astronomers?—Because they have studded (studied) the heavens ever since the
A girl recently stole a pair of
gloves, giving as a reason that she only wished to keep her hand in.
A garrulous barber happening to
be called on to shave a celebrated wit, asked him, "How shall I shave you, Sir?"
"In silence," was the reply.
Why are a pin and a poker like a
blind man?—Because they have no eyes.
Beauty is a stronger wooer than
loving words; so the women woo no more than we do them.
It sounds oddly that a ship of
war, when at sea, keeps every one of her guns in port.
When are gloves unsalable?—When
they are kept on hand.
Are the minutes relating to an
affair of honor always drawn up by the seconds?
If we grasp quicksilver, it slips
through the fingers; and this is apt to be the case with most silver.
Pressures in the money-market are
far less pleasant to young people than pressures in the love-market.
The commonest way to steal is to
buy and not pay.
ON Wednesday, January 5, in the
Senate, the Military Committee made a report regarding the swords of honor
belonging to the late rebel
General Twiggs. The Committee recommend that
one of the swords be bestowed upon
General Butler, another deposited in the
library of the Military Academy at West Point, and the third be preserved in the
Patent Office as a trophy of the rebellion. A bill to reimburse Minnesota for
expenditures incurred in suppressing Indian hostilities was referred to the
Military Committee. The resolution regarding State prisoners was then taken up,
and Senator Field, of New Jersey, made a speech defending the policy of
suspending the writ of habeas corpus, etc. The
bill empowering the President to issue letters of marque was referred to the
Naval Committee. The bill forfeiting the pay of officers of the army who are
absent from their duties over thirty days was passed. A bill was introduced
repealing so much of the act establishing the grade of line officers in the navy
as authorizes the appointment of rear-admirals and commodores on the retired
list; referred to the Naval Committee. After an executive session the Senate
—In the House, a resolution
General Grant for issuing an order expelling the Jews from his
department was laid on the table by a vote of 56 against 53. A resolution of
General Butler for his energetic, able, and humane administration of
affairs in the Department of the Gulf was offered. A motion to lay it on the
table was negatived—27 against 77. The resolution was than laid aside. The
debate on the Bankrupt Bill was then resumed, and several members spoke in favor
of the measure. As a test of the sense of the House on the subject, a motion was
made to lay the bill on the table, which was rejected by a vote of 59 yeas
against 66 nays. The further consideration of the bill was then postponed till
Thursday week, and the House adjourned.
On Thursday, 6th, in the Senate,
the Military Committee reported back the bill to raise volunteers for the
Kentucky, with an amendment as a substitute. A joint resolution
giving the thanks of Congress to
General Rosecrans and his army, for their
gallantry at Murfreesboro, was referred. The bill to tax bank-bills and
fractional currency was taken up, and Senator Sherman, of Ohio, made a speech in
support of the measure. The debate on the bill for the discharge of state
prisoners was then resumed. Senator Saulsbury, of Delaware, severely denounced
the Administration, while Senator Anthony, of Rhode Island, defended the
Government. After an executive session the Senate adjourned.—In the House, a
bill was reported providing ways and means for the support of the Government.
The Treasury Bank bill was reported back with a negative recommendation. A
resolution tendering the thanks of the House to General Butler, for his able
administration of the affairs of the Department of the Gulf, was adopted by a
vote of 83 to 28. A resolution calling for a detailed report of operations
connected with the negroes at Port Royal, and in Georgia, was laid on the
table—81 against 50. On motion of Mr. Dunn, it was resolved that the
Attorney-General be requested to inform the House whether the law for the
confiscation of rebel property has been enforced in the District of Columbia,
and if not, the reason for delaying the execution of the same. A resolution,
asking the Secretary of the Treasury why he has not provided the means for
paying the army, and why the bonds heretofore authorized to be sold, if
necessary, to make such payments, have not been sold, was adopted. The
credentials of the member elect from the second district of Virginia, Mr. John
B. M'Leod, were presented and referred. In Committee of the Whole a long and
interesting debate occurred on national questions, in which Messrs. Stevens of
Pennsylvania, Dunlap of Kentucky, Thomas of Massachusetts, Olin of New York, and
Lovejoy of Illinois participated.
On Friday, 7th, in the Senate, a
bill for the construction of a ship canal from the Mississippi River to Lake
Michigan, so as to admit of the passage of armed vessels, and to enlarge the
locks of Erie and Oswego canals in New York, to adapt them to the defense of the
Northern lakes, was introduced and ordered to be printed Senator Willey gave
notice of a bill to aid Western Virginia in the speedy and final extinguishment
of slavery in that State. A bill providing for the punishment of persons
convicted of crime in the District of Columbia by confinement in the prisons of
States, was passed. Senator Collamer introduced a bill authorizing suits to be
instituted by persons who may have been wronged by reason of summary arrest, and
for the transfer of such suits to the Circuit Court of the United States. The
bill was referred to the Judiciary Committee. The joint resolution for the
prompt payment of the army and navy was reported back by the Finance Committee.
—In the House, reports for and against raising volunteers for the defense of
Tennessee, were presented by the Military Committee. The bill making
appropriations for the executive, legislative, and judicial departments of the
Government was passed. The Consular and Diplomatic Appropriation bill was
passed. The remainder of the session was devoted to general debate on national
topics, in which Messrs. Bingham, Cox, Biddle, and Norton participated.
Both Houses adjourned till
On Monday, 12th, in the Senate;
the bill providing for a further issue of bonds and United States notes, with a
view to the prompt payment of the army and navy, was passed. A resolution
requesting the President to inform the Senate what measures have been taken to
enforce the Confiscation bill, and if any additional legislation is necessary
for the enforcement of such act, was adopted. A resolution requesting the
Committee on the Conduct of the War to report the causes of the non-execution of
the Confiscation act, especially in the District of Columbia, was adopted.
Notice was given of a bill for the consolidation of regiments in the field, and
to facilitate the return of absentees from the army. The bill relative to
arbitrary arrests was taken up, and Senator Wilkinson, of Minnesota, made a
speech, in which he charged the Democrats with plotting to break up the
Government, and Quarter-master General Meigs and Adjutant-General Thomas with
disloyalty. The bill to raise volunteers for the defense of Kentucky was passed
by a vote of 23 against 13.—In the House, a resolution to discharge the Ways and
Means Committee from the further consideration of the bill reducing the duty on
imported paper, and that the same be considered in the House forthwith, was laid
on the table. The committee were instructed to inquire into the expediency of
reducing the duty on rags. A joint resolution, ratifying and approving of the
President's emancipation proclamation was introduced, and a motion to lay it on
the table was disagreed to—50 against 85. The subject was then referred to the
Judiciary Committee. A resolution directing inquiry as to the expediency of
granting one hundred and sixty acres of land of any confiscated rebel plantation
to soldiers was adopted by a vote of 66 against 59. Mr. Stevens introduced a
bill providing for the employment of 150,000 negroes in the military service. A
motion to lay it on the table was lost—53 against 83—and the bill was then laid
aside till Wednesday week. In Committee of the Whole the bill providing ways and
means for the support of the Government was taken up, and Mr. Spaulding
delivered an important speech on the subject. He concluded by saying that by
military success only could the national finances be maintained and the Union
On Tuesday, 13th, in the Senate,
the petition in favor of mediation in our affairs by Switzerland was reported
back from the Foreign Affairs Committee with the recommendation that it be
indefinitely postponed, which was agreed to. A bill for the consolidation of
regiments in the field was introduced and referred. A resolution was adopted
requesting the President to furnish the Senate with all official correspondence
in reference to the capture of British vessels carrying articles contraband of
war intended for the Southern rebels. A resolution was also adopted requesting
the President to communicate the correspondence, if any there be, between the
State Department and
the Mexican Minister at
Washington relative to exportations contraband of war from any of our ports to
those of Mexico. The death of the late Senator James A. Pearce, of Maryland, was
then announced, and, after eulogies on the deceased by different members, the
Senate, out of respect to his memory, adjourned.—In the House, the Speaker
announced Messrs. Fenton of New York, Kellogg of Illinois, Wadsworth of
Kentucky, and English of Connecticut, as a special committee to inquire into the
expediency and necessity of a direct railroad between New York and
for the purpose of facilitating the transportation of mails, troops, arms and
war munitions. The House then went into Committee of the Whole on the bill to
provide ways and means for the support of Government, and Mr. Morrill, of
Vermont, spoke at some length on the subject. A message from the Senate,
announcing the death of Senator Pearce, of Maryland, was received, and various
members, in fitting words, offered tributes to his memory, after which
appropriate resolutions were adopted, and the House adjourned.
OUR REPULSE AT VICKSBURG.
General Sherman's repulse at
Vicksburg was complete. The entire force, under General McClernand, re-embarked
on 3d on transports, closely followed by the rebel advance, which, coming in
range of the gun-boats, were driven back with severe loss. Our loss, as near as
could be ascertained, was six hundred killed, one thousand five hundred wounded,
and one thousand missing.
A council of war was held on 4th
on board the Tigress, which vessel for the present has been selected by General
McClernand as his head-quarters.
Admiral Porter, Major-Generals Sherman and McClernand, with the Generals of the divisions of the army in Kentucky were
present. It was determined at this council that it would be folly again to
attempt any thing further against
Vicksburg with the present force. The rebels
had means of communication by which they were too rapidly and heavily
reinforced, while the Unionists had no such opportunity or prospect of receiving
reinforcements. It was, therefore, deemed expedient that the campaign should be
abandoned for the present.
A telegraphic dispatch from
General Pemberton to the rebel Secretary of War, dated on the 8th, says that all
the Union troops have gone up the river; that there were only seven gun-boats
between Vicksburg and Milliken's Bend, and that the city was being strengthened
every day, and could be maintained against all attacks. The rebel Generals
Price are in command there. The rebel forces have been reinforced
to the extent of sixty thousand men. They have an artillery force of one hundred
and sixty guns in battery, besides a large number of field-pieces. Our losses in
the expedition are from two thousand five hundred to three thousand in killed,
wounded, and missing. The enemy's loss is unknown, but it must have been large.
EXPEDITION UP WHITE RIVER.
Dispatches from Memphis state
that Commodore Porter's squadron, together with a land force under
General McClernand, have gone up the White River. General Grant had arrived at Memphis.
Holly Springs is said to be nearly consumed.
RECAPTURE OF GALVESTON.
The rebels made an attack on
Galveston, Texas, by land and water, on New-Year's Day, and recaptured it. They
made a bold assault on steamers protected by cotton bales, from behind which
they poured so murderous a fire upon our gun-boats that the Harriet Lane had to
succumb, and was taken, after being boarded by the rebel sharp-shooters, and her
captain (Wainwright) and most of her crew killed. The flag-ship Westfield was
blown up by her commander, Captain Renshaw, in order to save her from capture.
He and his first lieutenant and many of his crew perished with her. The small
command under Colonel Burrill, at Galveston, were nearly all killed or taken
prisoners. We give on page 60 a map of Galveston, which illustrates the event.
Richmond Enquirer, in
describing it, says: "General Magruder, in his official dispatch concerning the
capture of the Harriet Lane, says, 'I have taken six hundred prisoners and a
large quantity of valuable stores, arms, etc. The Harriet Lane is but little
The rebels numbered about 5000.
Colonel Burrill's troops did not exceed 300. Our loss is estimated at 160 killed
and 200 taken prisoners.
AN ATTACK ON SPRINGFIELD.
On January 8 the rebels, 6000
strong, under Generals Marmaduke and Burbridge, made an attack on the town of
Springfield, Missouri, and opened fire upon it without giving notice to remove
the women and children. General Brown defended the town. A body of fully 1000
rebel cavalry were visible, drawn up in line of battle.
On 12th General Curtis
General Halleck that our troops, under Colonel Crabb, at
Springfield, had repulsed the rebels at that place at every advance, and then
held the town. Our men behaved gallantly. We lost only 17 killed. The enemy were
in full retreat, and General Curtis had three columns in pursuit of them.
Thirty-five of the rebels were killed, and a large number of wounded were left
in our hands.
AFFAIRS IN TENNESSEE.
Intelligence from the vicinity of
Murfreesboro is to the effect that General Bragg had fallen back to Tullahoma,
give his army rest. Tullahoma is situated on Rock Creek,
seventy-one miles from
Nashville and thirty-two from Murfreesboro, and on the Nashville and
Chattanooga Railroad, where it
intercepts the M'Minnville and Manchester road. According to a rebel dispatch
from Chattanooga, "The enemy [General Rosecrans] has advanced his line seven
miles this side of Murfreesboro. He has been guilty of the most outrageous
enormities, stealing private property, robbing peaceable citizens, and running
ANOTHER SPEECH FROM JEFF DAVIS.
Jeff Davis has been making
another speech at Mobile, in which he talks hopefully and boastingly of the
ultimate success of the South over "the Yankees, who are seeking to enchain us
in the same degrading servitude with themselves, with a baboon for a king."
The Alabama appears to have
turned up on the 12th ult. off the desert island of Banquitta, coast of
Venezuela, where she took in coal from a vessel awaiting her there. The San
Jacinto arrived there just twenty-four hours after the pirate left.
Another report says that she has
gone to the south coast of Asia.
BURNING OF THE STATE HOUSE AT
The State House at
the capital of Louisiana, now occupied by
General Banks, was totally destroyed
by fire on the 28th of December. The library and all the buildings connected
with this fine structure were burned to the ground. It was strongly and
plausibly suspected that the disaster was the work of rebel incendiaries.
A REWARD FOR BUTLER'S HEAD.
It appears by the Southern papers
that Hon. Richard Yeadon has offered a reward of ten thousand dollars for the
head of General Benjamin F. Butler. This Yeadon is editor of the
Courier, and is known among the fraternity by the sobriquet of "Sancho Panza."
From his personal appearance we should judge that he never had money enough to
buy himself a respectable-looking coat.
A MEETING OF WORKING MEN.
THE working men of Manchester
have made an important demonstration in support of the cause of the American
Union, expressing at the same time their approval of the war and
President Lincoln by the adoption of an address of congratulation to
him. The Mayor of Manchester presided, but not in his official capacity, and the
Jackson, ex-coachman of Jeff Davis, was on the platform. A Union effort
"to coerce the South" found favor, and was indorsod by the resolutions.