Civil War Overview
Civil War 1861
Civil War 1862
Civil War 1863
Civil War 1864
Civil War 1865
Civil War Battles
Robert E. Lee
Civil War Medicine
Civil War Links
Civil War Art
Republic of Texas
Civil War Gifts
Robert E. Lee Portrait
Page) muscles of the back refused longer to perform their office. He
was, nevertheless, forced into the field to labor, but being crippled, was
unable to move quick enough to suit "Jeems;" so one day, in a fit of passion, he
struck him on the head with a heavy stick and killed him.
"Tom" had the consumption, but
was forced to work in the cotton-field. One night he was missing from his cabin.
Two days afterward his body was found in the field, where he had fallen and died
on his way home.
poor old slave had gone to rest."
Edmund, belonging on the Widow
Gillespie's plantation, has been a witness of or knowing to several cases of
punishment by the burning process. Two of these were of girls belonging to the
Widow G., in
New Orleans, and the others occurring on her
"island plantation," before referred to. America, wife of Essex, one of the
women in the party, related to me the particulars of one case, as follows: There
was a middle-aged woman in the family, named Margaret, who had a nursing child.
Mrs. Gillespie ordered Margaret to wean the child. The babe was weakly, and
Margaret did not wish to do so. Mrs. G. told her that she would examine her
breast the next Monday, and, if she found any milk in it, she would punish her
severely. Monday came round, and on that day Margaret's stent was to spin
eighteen "broaches"—spools—but she did not finish it. At night the promised
examination took place, and the breast of Margaret gave but too convincing proof
that, in obedience to the yearnings of a mother's heart, she had spurned the
threat of the inhuman mistress. Mrs. G. then ordered the handsaw, the leather
strap, and a wash-bawl of water. The woman was laid upon her face, her clothes
stripped up to around her neck, and "Becky" and "Jane" were called to hold her
hands and feet. Mrs. Gillespie then paddled her with the hand-saw, sitting
composedly in a chair over her victim. After striking some one hundred blows she
changed to the use of the leather strap, which she would dip into the wash-bowl
in order to give it greater power of torture. Under this infliction the screams
of the woman died away to a faint moan, but the "sound of the whip" continued
until nearly 11 o'clock. "Jane" was then ordered to bring the hot tongs, the
woman was turned over upon her back, and Mrs. Gillespie attempted to grasp the
woman's nipples with the heated implement. The writhings of the mother, however,
foiled her purpose; but between the breasts the skin and flesh were horribly
During this terrible infliction "Jeems"
came out of his room and remonstrated with his mother for "using the niXXers
so." He "did not wish them punished in that way." Her answer was, "They won't
mind me, and I will do with them as I please." Margaret was a long time in
recovering from her wounds. Rose Ann, who was child's nurse, was sent upon one
occasion to find and bring home a little boy named Tommy, whom his father had
taken down town with him after breakfast. The child had been left at Mrs.
Turner's, a "grass-widow," living in Camp Street, below Julia. It was found
after a second hunt and brought home. Mrs. G. accused Rose of not trying to find
the boy at first. She ordered her hands to be crossed and tied over her head;
she was placed upon her back on the floor, her hands secured to the balusters
and her feet to the extension table. In this position her person was exposed,
the poker heated in the stove, and to make the punishment the more humiliating
as well as most acute, the hot instrument was applied to the most tender part of
her body. She then gave her fifty lashes and let her loose. This horrible
idiosyncracy seemed to be a favorite method of torture with the widow. America,
who saw and related these facts to the writer, in the presence of several of her
fellow-slaves, suffered a similar punishment on the plantation only a few months
since. She is a seamstress, and had by mistake served in two sleeves of Mrs.
G.'s daughter's dress the wrong way. For this offense she was laid upon a board
upon a ladder, her hands and feet secured, and a leather strap and buckle
tightly fastened around her stomach and going under the ladder. Having
previously placed the tongs in the fire, she ordered them brought and began
pinching and burning her about the thighs, abdomen, and other parts until they
were baked and stiff. This species of refined torture seemed to be a favorite
one with her. On another occasion "America" says she was whipped with a new
"yellow cowhide" until her flesh ceased to feel the blows. Mrs. G. then brought
a bottle of "No. 6," and with a small sponge wet the lacerated parts with the
fiery liquid, causing the most intense torture she ever experienced. Edmund,
Essex, and the rest assert that it was a very common thing to see a slave
carried by force to the bedroom or the shed-room of Madame for punishment. She
would order him to undress, and with her own hands apply the lash until she
DUEL OR TWO.
SHORTLY after the battle of
Waterloo an unlucky pamphlet found its way into Frescati, the conversation-rooms
at the watering-place of Bagneres. This pamphlet took pretty much the same odd
view of the battle of Toulouse as M. Thiers has recently done of Waterloo. An
Englishman chanced to take it up, and wrote on the margin that "every thing in
it was false; that Lord Wellington had gained a complete victory, and the French
army were indebted to his generosity for not having been put to the sword." A
hot young Frenchman of the place, named Pinac, at once called out the indiscreet
Englishman. Every thing was done to accommodate matters; and we are told that
even the authorities delicately and considerately interfered, so far as moral
suasion might be effectual. But all these good offices proved ineffectual, and
the representatives of the two nations met on the ground. Poor Pinac gave one
more illustration of the insufficiency of this mode of adjusting a quarrel, for
at the first fire he received the Englishman's ball in the stomach, and died
The season after the first
abdication of Napoleon, and more particularly after the battle of Waterloo, was,
it is well known, very fruitful in quarrels between French and English officers.
That pleasant gossip, Captain Gronow, has furnished many incidents illustrative
of this spirit. It is a fact, that the French spent days and nights practicing
fencing; and even resorted to the device of dressing up fencing-masters in
officers' clothes, and setting them to pick quarrels with the English. It became
impossible for these latter to avoid a conflict with men burning with rage and
mortification, and determined to insult their conquerors. At Bordeaux, the
Frenchmen used to come across the Garonne for the express purpose of picking a
quarrel; and as the challenge usually came from the English, the French had the
choice of weapons, and invariably selected their favorite small-sword. Strange
to say, the result was usually in favor of our countrymen, who, being utterly
helpless at carte, and tierce, and all the niceties of the exercise,
unconsciously reproduced the scene in Moliere's Bourgeois, rushed on, in
defiance of guards and passes, and cut down their enemy at once. In vain the
Frenchmen protested that this was "brutal" and "unchivalrous," that it was a
crying outrage against "lee regles d'escrime." Stalwart Englishmen stood by
their friend, and, producing loaded pistols, threatened to shoot any who
attempted to interfere. This system gradually produced a more wholesome state of
One night a party of English and
Irish officers were at the little Theatre de la Gaite, where some
French officers tried the usual
devices to engage them in a quarrel. The Frenchmen had their swords, which they
drew at once, with the alacrity of their country; unfortunately, the
Anglo-Hibernian party had none. They, however, rapidly broke up all the chairs
and tables at hand, and converting the fragments into useful weapons of offense,
shivered every sword opposed to them, utterly routing their opponents. In the
delicate situation in which the occupying army was placed, there was an
inclination to make every allowance for wounded sensibilities; but it was found
impossible to brook the offensive behavior of the natives, and their studious
insults. And the English authorities knew the temper of the situation so well,
that none of the surviving offenders were visited with severe punishment.
Lake Superior Line
CONSISTING OF STEAMERS
PLANET, METEOR, CITY OF CLEVELAND, TRAVELER, ILLINOIS,
Iron City, and Northern Light.
One of the above Steamers will
leave DETROIT, MICHIGAN, at 10 o'clock, A.M., on Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday,
and Saturday of each week, during season of Navigation, for all Points on Lake
Leaving CLEVELAND on the previous
evening at 8 o'clock P.M.
The Fare by these Steamers,
including board and rooms, is only about 2 1/2 cents per mile, cheaper than any
other Pleasure Route in the world.
For further Information see
Sent free by mail for 60 cents.
For INDIGESTION, HEARTBURN, &c.—
Manufactured only by
S. G. WELLING, No. 207 Centre
St., New York. Price 50 cents per box. Sold by Druggists generally.
Note Papers and Wedding Cards.
Tiffany & Co.,
Nos. 550 and 552 Broadway,
Would respectfully inform their
Patrons and the general Public, that they have recently re-arranged and
considerably extended the STATIONERY DEPARTMENT of their FANCY GOODS
ESTABLISHMENT, and have now unequalled facilities for furnishing the latest
Correspondence and Wedding
Cards of all sizes and shapes,
engraved upon the premises with punctuality and dispatch. Initials stamped,
colored or plain, in ordinary text or originally designed monogram. A choice
assortment De la Rue's and Asprey's Writing Cases, Dispatch Boxes, Note and
Letter Papers, as well as the last French styles, constantly for sale.
DROWNE & MOORE,
Manufacturing Jewelers, 208
Broadway, New York.
Important to Tourists. Mr.
Semmons begs to inform the Travelling Public that he has consented to open a
branch of his store at
No. 123 Broadway, opp. Post
where may be found a splendid
assortment of his celebrated Spectacles, Eye-Glasses, Single and Double
Telescopes of immense power; Field and Marine Glasses, Opera Glasses, &c., &c.;
also, his newly invented Vest-Pocket Double Glass, of the greatest transparent
power, suitable for tourists and sportsmen.
The business in New York will
still be open. Catalogues sent free by enclosing stamp.
SEMMONS, Oculist's Optician,
669 1/2 Broadway, opp. Bond St.,
LANDS.—A Rare Opportunity for all
Wanting Farms, in the large New England settlement of Hammonton, 30 miles
southeast of Philadelphia; fine climate; best fruit soil and markets in the
Union; $15 to $20 per acre. Terms easy. For full information apply to R. J.
BYRNES, Hammonton, New Jersey. Letters answered. Route to the land.—Leave Vine
Street Wharf, Philadelphia, at 7 1/2 A. M. or 3 1/2 P. M. for Hammonton.
Musquito Shield or Guard.
J. HAVENS PATENT.—For the Army,
Navy, Travelers, Sick or Wounded, or any one who is troubled with musquitoes,
flies, or dust. Price from 87 cents to $2. Sample sent free on receipt of $1.25.
Send for circular.
HAVEN & CO., Manufacturers,
No 80 Nassau St., Room No. 23, N.
One Hoe News Press, Double
Cylinder, Bed 36x60. Price $1500.
One Taylor Drum Cylinder, four
Rollers, Table Distribution, Bed 38x51. Price $1750.
One Taylor Double Cylinder, five
Rollers, Table Distribution, Bed 38x51. Price $3500.
Apply to HARPER & BROTHERS, 329
Pearl St., N.Y.
AT YOUR OWN HOMES.—THOUSANDS CAN
REALIZE A HUNDRED DOLLARS WEEKLY.—No utensils required except those found in
every household; profits 100 per cent.; demand staple as flour. It is the
greatest discovery of the age. Full particulars sent on receipt of two stamps
for return postage. Address C. MUNRO, BROWN & CO., No. 74 Bleecker Street, N. Y.
150 Needled 25 Cents.
BARTLETT'S BURNISHED NEEDLES "Sew
Easier." All sizes. Free by mail. Bartlett's Needle and Sewing Machine
Furnishing Depot, 442 Broadway, N. Y.
Took place this Week at
300 Canal Street.
Never before has he made a better
And claims still to be
"The Leader of Fashions."
NOTICE. —HOSTETTER'S BITTERS. —
SEA-SICKNESS CURED.—Let us whisper in the ears of all who go down to the sea in
ships, that HOSTETTER'S STOMACH BITTERS positively, immediately, and infallibly
cure nausea at sea. Brandy has been tried within, plasters have been tried
without—a thousand nostrums have been recommended for this most depressing and
overwhelming drawback on the pleasures of a sea voyage. They have all
failed—utterly failed. But the proprietors of HOSTETTER'S BITTERS stake their
reputation on the efficacy of the preparation as a means of calming and
strengthening the nauseated stomach during the stormiest voyage. It is certain
to act in one of two ways; it may either stay the perturbed stomach at once, and
restore the appetite for food, or it may cause a discharge of the contents of
the organs, to be followed almost instantly by an entire relief from
sea-sickness, and a renewed relish for the good things of life. That it will
effect the desired object in one of these ways is as certain as that morn will
No landsman, and, above all, no
lady, should go to sea without a supply of HOSTETTER'S BITTERS—the purest tonic
and the most powerful restorative extant.
Sold by all druggists and family
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters,
PREPARED AND SOLD BY
HOSTETTER & SMITH, PITTSBURGH,
DEPOT FOR NEW YORK, 428 BROADWAY.
is a rare
compound of stimulating extracts from Flowers, Roots, and Herbs, for the GROWTH,
BEAUTY, and PERMANENT VIGOR of the HAIR.
"Beneficial where the hair
requires a gentle stimulant." Dr. CHILTON.
"Have never had any thing which
so perfectly answers the purpose of a hair-dressing."
WARREN WARD, Esq.,
No. 227 Canal Street, New
"After being BALD for over seven
years, your AMBOLINE has covered the entire scalp with NEW HAIR."
Prof. JOHN SENIA, No. 25 King
St., New York.
For sale by all Druggists and
Fancy Dealers. Put up in boxes, containing two bottles; price $1. Manufactured
and for sale wholesale by
KENDALL & BANNISTER,
No. 506 Broadway, New York.
BLOOD & CO., Manufacturers and
Importers, Office 335 Broadway, Moffatt's Building, cor. Worth Street,
Manufacturers of superior Needles for all Sewing Machines. Send for Circular.
$60 A MONTH! We want Agents at
$60 a month, expenses paid, to sell our Everlasting Pencils, Oriental Burners,
and 13 other new and curious articles. 15 circulars free. SHAW & CLARK,
GOLD PENS RETAILING AT WHOLESALE
—Genuine goods. Also, the best Fountain Pen in
the world. One filling will write 8 to 12 hours. Send
for circular. GEO. F. HAWKES, Manuf., 64 Nassau St., N. Y.
DR. WITFIELD'S VEGETABLE PILLS
are infallible for Fistula, Blind and Bleeding Piles. Price 50 cents per box.
Sold by all Druggist Reference to ladies and gentlemen from all parts of the
country can be had at office of the Proprietor, J. YOUNG, No. 481 Broadway, N.
The Subscribers have this day
Annual Turnip Seed Circular,
Designed to convey information
exclusively to those who deal in Seeds, whether regular Seedemen, country
Druggists, Booksellers, or Merchants. It will be mailed without charge to all
such who may apply.
Here it may be only necessary to
state that the varieties of Turnips offered by the advertisers are the most
approved, and that
EVERY SEED IS THE PRODUCE OF
Raised with critical care, and
will prove to be entitled to the highest confidence.
DAVID LANDRETH & SON,
No. 21 and 23 South Sixth Street,
$15 Per Day Easy $15
And a Watch Free. Employment for
everybody, male and female. 100,000 men, women, and children wanted to act as
our Agents in every Town and Village throughout the U. S. to sell our immensely
popular, unexcelled, and valuable extra large size PRIZE STATIONERY, RECIPES,
and YANKEE NOTION PACKAGES, containing fine Writing Materials, such as Paper,
Pens, Pencils, Envelopes, Blotters, Beautiful Emblems, Ladies' Fashion Plates,
Designs for Needlework, Cottage Keepsakes, Household Companions, Camp Companions
(for Soldiers), Parlor Amusements, Letter Writer's Guide, Medical Preparations,
Many Ways to Get Rich, Likenesses of Military Heroes, Union Designs, Gents'
Pocket Calendars for 1863, YANKEE NOTIONS of all kinds, rich and costly Presents
of Fashionable Jewelry, Rare Recipes, Games, Army Advice, &c., &c., &c., the
whole worth, if bought separately, many dollars. Price each Package ONLY 25
cents retail. Wholesale rates to Agents very low, from 100 TO 200 PER CENT
PROFIT ALLOWED, Our Packages stand same as ever, alone, and above all
competitors, and have long been acknowledged as the leading and only real
valuable and standard Articles of the kind now manufactured. Packages of all
descriptions put up by the 1000 for Sutlers, Peddlers, Wholesale Dealers, &c.
Goods sent by Express safe to ALL PARTS of the army South or Southwest. A
SPLENDID SOLID SILVER WATCH, ENGLISH MOVEMENTS, and correct timepiece presented
FREE to each person who acts as our agent. Send for our NEW Circulars,
containing Extra Premium Inducements, sent free. S. C. RICKARDS & CO., 102
Nassau St., N. Y. The Great Original, Largest, and Oldest Prize Package House in
$2 positively made from 20
Cents.—something urgently needed by every person. 10 samples sent free by mail
for 20 cents that retails for $2, by
R. L. WOLCOTT, 170 Chatham
Square, N. Y.
We want Agents in every Town and
County to sell our Great, New, Indispensable, Novel, and Complete Champion Prize
Stationery Variety and Yankee Notion Packages; containing finest quality Writing
Material, Yankee Notions, Soldier's Friend, Housekeeper's Companion, Portraits
of Generals, Fifty sure Ways to get Rich, Needles, Pins, Buttons, Thread, &c.,
&c. Contents of Package worth over $2.00, all for 25 cents. We give a fine
Watch, warranted correct timekeeper, to every agent. Our Agents are now making
$15.00 per day easy. We also give one Elegant gift of Fine Jewelry from our own
factory with every package. Send for New Circular, or call on
RICHARDS & Co., 37 and 39 Naesau
St., N. Y. Box 3131. Most Extensive Agency House in the U. S.
The greatest Book ever published.
Satifaction guaranteed to every one. Sent to any address on receipt of ten
RICHARDS & Co., PUBLISHERS, Box
37 and 39 Nassau Street, N.
$15.00 PER DAY.
Agents wanted all through the
country to sell our New Style CARD THERMOMETERS (eight different patterns);
also, 20 other new and useful patented Articles. Great Chance. Box 3131.
RICHARDS & Co., 37 and 39 Nassau
St., N. Y. Agents wanted everywhere to sell
our Celebrated Crystal Cement. Warranted to stand Hot Water and Fire, and mend
every Article. Fine Watch, correct timekeeper, that will sell for $15, given
free to every Agent. One elegant prize of Rich Jewelry, New Style, given with
every bottle. Box 3131. RICHARDS & Co., 37 and 39 Nassau
St., N. Y. P. S.—One dozen Bottles Cement
and 12 rich prizes sent on receipt of $1.75.
Ladies' Ready-Made Undergarments
Linen, Cambric, and Muslin.
Store 1143 Broadway, near 26th St.
Sizes, Patterns, Qualities, and
Prices in assortment intended to fully meet the need of any Lady unexpectedly in
want of such, or preferring the avoidance of home labor. Orders from abroad
faithfully executed by express, C.O.D. List of Prices mailed if requested.
$10 per day nett profit.—Agents
wanted for a light wholesale business. Send stamp for a circular to C. F. shults, Troy New York.
VAN ANDEN'S ONE DOLLOAR
PORTABLE COPYING PRESS.
Acknowledged by all who have used
it to be, in all respects, unequaled. Sent free by mail. Liberal discount to
agents and the trade. HANNAH & CO., No. 104 John Street, N. Y. Send for a
$75 A MONTH! I want to hire
Agents in every county at $75 a month, expenses paid, is sell my new cheap
Family Sewing Machines. Address,
S. MADISON, Alfred, Maine.
Phelan & Collender, Sole Manufacturers.