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Robert E. Lee Portrait
Page) to favor submission to the rebels, was so strong in that city
that he was protected in speaking by two hundred "minions of Abe Lincoln," who
were also the municipal "tyrants and despots" of Philadelphia.
In the course of his speech the
orator said that if the North, which is the stronger of the belligerents, did
not offer overtures of reconciliation the war would become one of subjugation
and annihilation. Of course it will. When some citizens arm to overthrow the
Government of the people, and the people accept the war, there can be but one of
three results: either the rebels must be subjugated by the superior power of the
Government; or they must conquer the Government; or the war must continue until
the weaker party is exhausted or annihilated. The proposition that the
Government shall offer terms of reconciliation is merely the second of these
alternatives. For what is a Government which, after two years' hard fighting
with citizens who refuse to obey laws constitutionally made, asks them what they
want, and agrees to do what they desire? It is merely a power which says, "You
are stronger than I." It is a Government dishonored and destroyed, after a
conspicuous failure to enforce its authority.
That is exactly the feast of
"Peace" to which Messrs. Vallandigham, Wall, Wood, Rynders, Brooks, & Co. invite
DEDICATED TO COLONEL ROBERT G. SHAW AND THE MASSACHUSETTS FIFTY-FOURTH REGIMENT.
AT last, at last, each glowing
In that pure field of heavenly
On every people shining far,
Burns, to its utmost promise
Hopes in our fathers hearts that
Justice, the seal of peace, long
Oh, perfect peace, too long
At last, at last, your day has
Your day has dawned, but many an
Of storm and cloud, of doubt and
Across the eternal sky must lower
Before the glorious noon appears.
And not for us that noontide
For us the strife and toil shall
But welcome toil, for now we know
Our children shall that glory
At last, at last, oh, Stars and
Touched in your birth by
Your purifying lightning wipes
Out from our history its shame.
Stand to your faith, America!
Sad Europe, listen to our call!
Up to your manhood, Africa!
That gracious flag floats over
Pure as its white the future see;
Bright as its red is now the sky;
Fixed as its stars the faith
That nerves our hands to do or
MR. BENJAMIN N. MARTIN has
performed a public service in writing to the New York Times that General Benham
"uses no spirituous liquors when in active service." The Times upon the previous
day had discoursed of damaged reputations, and imputed to General Benham a
"proneness to strong drink."
Now strong drinking is a great
evil, but a public charge of drunkenness is not a small one. And it has become a
charge which is alarmingly universal. Many of the most conspicuous civil and
military leaders of the war have been its victims. For a long time it was
stoutly asserted that
Mr. Seward's "habits were shocking." Then he smoked opium
in his cigars. And the Lounger has been assured, by breath that was extremely
"liquorish," that the most important dispatches which have emanated from the
State Department were prepared under the stimulus of strong drink. Innumerable
Generals have also been painted in the same colors. Miss Dickinson so far forgot
herself as to insinuate that
General McClellan was intoxicated during a battle.
General McDowell, who never drinks any thing stronger than lemonade, was at one
time currently represented as overcome with liquor upon the field. So strong was
the national tendency to charge drunkenness upon every public man that the
President, whom we all knew to be a teetotaller, was described by our
gentlemanly slaveholding brethren, who can not associate with vile Yankees, as
"a drunken baboon." The habit of imputing intoxication has gone so far that we
have often heard the question asked of a person, when some act was singular or
inexplicable, "Does he drink?"
It is beyond question that many
public men do seek the relief of stimulating drink, and to excess. The history
of the country, of every state and city, is full of the melancholy warning. But
surely writers for the press should be more careful how they insinuate or state
what should be unsaid until its truth is beyond cavil. There is a certain
responsibility upon all newspaper writers of which we are all too forgetful. It
is easy to stab reputations—to suggest plausible suspicions—to ask pregnant and
suggestive questions. It is as easy as to say that our liberties are lost and
that the President is Genghis Khan, because
Vallandigham is sent across the
lines. And in such a case as Benham's it appears to be just as true.
How absolutely literature has
become a profession in London is curiously illustrated by an advertisement in a
late literary paper. "To authors. Tales wanted. Good original stories, MS.,
containing 5000 to 50,000 words, will be liberally paid for: and rejected MSS.
returned at the author's risk. Of short stories most are required; and when
religious opinions are involved, they should be in favor of the national church.
Translations quite unsuitable."
And another in the same paper:
"To authors. A Publishing House, who (sic) intend to publish a
popular history of England from
1688 to the present time, will be glad to receive proposals from competent
writers for the preparation of the work."
It would be interesting to know
the final result of such advertisements. Their appearance is not surprising, for
the circulation of small weekly papers in London devoted to stories is enormous.
The London Journal, for instance, the most popular of the class, circulates
three hundred thousand copies weekly. There is a vague impression that the
poorer Londoners do not read much; yet Lloyd's penny paper circulates half a
million of copies, issuing three editions, on Friday, Saturday, and Sunday,
respectively. It is edited by Blanchard Jerrold, son of Douglas Jerrold, and has
been steadily and strongly in favor of the Union cause in this country. It is a
paper of sixty columns, and is very influential with the laboring poor. The
Daily Times, on the other hand, the rebel Thunderer, circulates about forty
thousand. A single copy sells for threepence. The Daily Telegraph sells for one
penny, and circulates 120,000 daily. The principal owner of the Times is a Mr.
Walter, although, as Kinglake tells us, it is largely owned by a company. The
Telegraph belongs to a Mr. Levy, a Hebrew of Fleet Street, and George Augustus
Sala is its editor. Percy B. Singer is also an editor.
Of Sala the letter to the
Washington Chronicle, in which we find these statements, draws a very
unattractive portrait, which may be the result of some personal difficulty. "Sala
writes one leading article daily for the Telegraph, for which he receives three
guineas per diem. He is also the editor of Temple Bar (a magazine) and he will
write for any thing that pays. He was the boon companion of Train—drank his
Champagne, puffed his tramway, borrowed his money, and when Train lost his
prestige, he lost Sala. Sala has reputation here, but he is simply a wordy,
mercenary pretender, coarse in his manners and corrupt in his tastes."
Of his "Captain Dangerous," which
this writer calls "a flimsy sketch of rubbish," the Atheneum says: "As a
life-like reproduction of an obsolete form of literature, setting forth with
much vigor and freshness of humor a living writer's ideal of the views and ways
of life taken by an adventurous rover some generations since, the book will
delight those who are familiar with the sources from which its stores of
information have been drawn."
"NEW YORK, Monday, June
"DEAR MR. LOUNGER,—Will you, like
a chivalric and good-natured Lounger, incline your ear to the grievances of the
fair sex? Will you bestow upon us the meed of a little sympathy and a little
advice while we lay our cause of complaint before you? Our patience has been
tried beyond endurance—in fact, it has ceased to be a virtue.
"We wish simply to know whether
it is well-bred or gallant for a crowd of elaborately-dressed men—not
gentlemen—to post themselves in front of the Fifth Avenue Hotel every Sunday
when people are en route to and from church, for the sole purpose of criticising
the ladies. Is it polite for them to make audible comments on our dress or
looks, and our style generally? If we're good-looking, we don't care to be told
of it in that public fashion; if we're plain, we certainly can dispense with a
proclamation of the fact. Sunday after Sunday this petite comauy is re-enacted,
until the Fifth Avenue Hotel is positively dreaded by the ladies. Nor can we
avoid the infliction, situated as the hotel is on the thoroughfare leading to
our principal churches. Now, dear Lounger, won't you give these fashionable
loafers a gentle hint on behalf of a host of your lady readers? Do, and we'll be
your firm friends and allies ever after.
OF THE SUFFERERS."
It is an old complaint, dear
ladies. In Thackeray's "Pendennis," you will remember the charming poem at "the
Church Porch," which is not indeed the hotel porch, but the lounging around both
places is the same. And what can he done? Here is a man at the Lounger's elbow
this moment who says that the world never moves; that nothing ever changes; and
that what has been will continue to be forever. What do you think of that? There
will indeed, we fear, for a long time be plenty of men who will affect to be
gentlemen, and criticise audibly or inaudibly the aspect of the ladies who pass
before them. The only way of avoidance is very simple, but it is quite
effective. Cross to the other side of the street, ladies; and reflect that in
the public streets of a great city there must be a great many inconveniences and
nuisances which you can not wholly escape.
PICTURE AT BARNUM'S.
IN the gallery with the Aquaria
at Barnum's Museum there is a large picture, painted by Louis Ransom, of John
Brown on his way to execution. He is just leaving the jail under military escort
and meets the negro woman and her child. "They were of the despised race for
whose sake he had suffered so much, and was now about to lay down his life. He
paused for a moment, stooped, and kissed the child tenderly." It is one of the
incidents that history will always fondly record and art delineate The fierce
and bitter judgment of the moment upon the old man is already tempered. Despised
and forsaken in his own day, the heart of another generation may treat him as he
treated the little outcast child. In the picture his head is conspicuous against
the yellow ground of a flag which surrounds it like a halo. The eager officer by
his side pushes the mother away, and the bedizened soldier in the fore-ground
scowls at her. The fussy parade which the authorities made at his execution is
admirably suggested by these figures, and however sharply the work might be
criticised by the connoisseur, there is a solemnity and pathos in it which is
wanting in many a finer painting.
When the Lounger was a boy and
went to museums, the chief and terrible attraction was the murder of old Mr.
White in Salem, done in wax. But here for the boys of to-day is a terrible scene
of another kind, to which the artist has brought an earnest and loving hand, and
which—such is the constant throng at the Museum—more than many books or
orations, will repeat the significant story to
the popular heart. That heart
will remember long that those who were fiercest in their condemnation of John
Brown are faintest in their censure of the rebels.
MR. WALTER LOW, the bookseller at
No. 823 Broadway, has the good and most useful habit of advertising in every
Saturday's Evening Post the new books of the week. Readers and buyers will find
his bulletin a great convenience.
Mr. Low has also for sale the
admirable photograph by Rockwood of Darley's characteristic drawing, "The Story
of a Battle."
Bayard Taylor has a novel in
press, called "The Strong-Minded Woman: a Romance of American Life."
Donald G. Mitchell, "Ik Marvel,"
has a new book nearly ready—"My Farm: a Book on Rural Topics." When Rubens was
sent as minister to a foreign court he said that he was a painter playing
embassador. Mr. Mitchell would probably call himself a farmer playing author.
HUMORS OF THE
WHEN Mademoiselle Arnault, the
actress, went to visit Voltaire, he said to her, "Ah! Mademoiselle, I am
eighty-four years old, and I have committed as many fooleries." "Quite a
trifle," replied the actress; "I am only forty, and have committed a thousand."
Some poet says the wind kisses
the waves. That, we suppose, is the celebrated "kiss for a blow," about which we
have heard so much.
The young man who asked the
daughter's hand and got the father's foot, had the consolation of knowing that
his wooing was not bootless.
"Ah," said a teacher—"ah,
Caroline Jones, what do you think you would have been without your father and
mother?" "I suppose, mum," said Caroline, who was very much struck with the soft
appeal, "I suppose, mum, as I should ha' been a horphan."
On hearing a clergyman remark,
"the world is full of change," Mrs. Partington said she could hardly bring her
mind to believe it, so little found its way into her pocket.
Often at fashionable balls we
have seen a good many goats, and a pair of kids to every goat.
A young gentleman having made
some progress in acquiring a knowledge of Italian, addressed a few words to an
organ-grinder in his purest accent, but was astonished at receiving the
following response, "I no speak Inglis."
"I am like Balsam," said a dandy,
on meeting a pretty girl in a passage, "stopped by an angel." "And I am like the
angel," said she, "stopped by an ass."
"Any thing to please the child,"
as the nurse said when she let the baby crawl out of the nursery window.
"We've only met to divide," as
the guillotine said to the criminal.
Tomkins considers that a
briefless barrister ought never to be blamed, "for it is decidedly wrong to
abuse a man without a cause."
If a man uses a cork-screw too
often at a sitting, his movements are as likely to get as crooked as the
"Honesty," says Archbishop
Whately, "is the best policy; but he who acts upon this principle is not an
"I am surprised, wife, at your
ignorance. Have you never seen any books at all ?"—"Oh, yes, in a number of
It is said, that, with a Yankee,
every day is a day of "reckoning."
The loud tones in which some
people appeal to reason imply that reason is a great distance from them.
The worst and most unendurable of
all our ills are the imaginary ones.
"I think I must look over it," as
the horse said to the gate of the clover field.
Persons dead to shame may not
unfrequently prove alive to the horsewhip.
What is the use of an
eclipse?—Why, to give the sun time for reflection.
YOU GIVE IT UP?
My first is a carriage in England
But in foreign parts more does
In my second we'll find that few
have not been,
If we search all the country
My whole's in position as low as
Yet the poor seldom have me you
plainly will see.
Why should a gouty man make his
To have his legatees (leg at
My first in music forms a
My next the Cossack whirls with
My whole's a bard whose
Will live forever in the rolls of
Why is a man giving alms to a
beggar like a cart-horse?
Because he stops at woh (woe)
When do sheep become stationery?
When they are turned into pens.
If an old woman in a red cloak
were to overtake a fierce ram in a narrow lane, what transformation would take
The ram would turn to butter
(butt her), the old woman into a scarlet-runner.
What man had no father?
Joshua, the son of Nun (none).
Why is a clever detective like a
Because he possesses great
quiekitess of apprehension.
I take the lead in government,
yet have no part in law;
I terminate every undertaking,
yet am never in action;
and though never wanting in
guineas, am always out of cash?
The letter G.
UP to 27th, three assaults had
been made by our forces on the rebel strong-hold, in all of which we were
repulsed. The last assault was made by
General Sherman, with twenty thousand
men, in which we lost six hundred killed and a large number wounded. Our outer
line is within
one hundred yards of the rebel
sharp-shooters prevent the rebels from working their guns. The rebel
works in the rear of the city are far more formidable than those in front.
General Joe Johnston is in the neighborhood of Jackson with about fifteen
thousand men, and is reported to be short of provisions and ammunition.
Grant has taken 8400 prisoners and 84 pieces of artillery.
OF THE "CINCINNATI."
Memphis to the 1st
inst. recounts the destruction of the United States gun-boat Cincinnati by the
fire of the rebel batteries on the 26th ult., and the loss of from fifteen to
forty killed and wounded.
PORTER ON THE YAZOO.
The following dispatch was
received last week at the Navy Department:
FLAG-SHIP "BLACK HAWK,"
NEAR VICKSBURG, May 25, via
CAIRO, May 30, 1863.
To Hon. Gideon Welles, Secretary
of the Navy:
SIR,—I have the honor to inform
you that the expedition under the command of Lieutenant Commander Walker, after
taking possession of the forts at Haines's Bluff, was perfectly successful.
Three powerful steamers and a ram
were destroyed at Yazoo City. The ram was a monster, 310 feet long, 70 feet
beam, to be covered with four-inch iron plates. Also a fine navy-yard, with
machine shops of all kinds, saw-mills, blacksmiths' shops, etc., were burned up.
The property destroyed and
captured amounted to over two millions of dollars.
Had the monster ram been finished
she would have given us some trouble.
One battery was destroyed at
Our loss on the expedition was
one killed and seven wounded. DAVID D. PORTER,
Acting Rear-Admiral, Com'dg Miss.
GENERAL BANKS'S OPERATIONS.
Advices front the Department of
the Gulf to the 24th ult. state that Port Hudson, like Vicksburg, is in a state
of siege. A preliminary reconnoissance was made from
Baton Rouge on the 12th,
Colonel Grierson with his famous cavalry co-operating. It was further continued
on the 13th, and the rebel pickets at
Port Hudson were driven in. Colonel Grierson proceeded to the railroads and telegraphs communicating with the place,
and succeeded in destroying all communication. On the 19th the reconnoissance
was pushed to within a mile and it half of the rebel works without bringing on
an engagement. On the 21st, however, a heavy force having been brought up from
Baton Rouge, on the Bayou Sara Road, the advance in earnest against Port Hudson
commenced, and the enemy, under General Gardner, was encountered on the Port
Hudson Plains, two open tracts of smooth country four miles east of the
fortifications. The rebels were in ambush, but were soon uncovered, and, after a
warm engagement, were defeated and driven back within their works, leaving a
large number of killed and wounded on the field. Port Hudson by this time is
fully invested by our forces, if it has not already fallen into our hands.
FIGHT AT FLORENCE.
A dispatch from Cincinnati, dated
June 2, says that Colonel Cornyn defeated General Roddy at Florence, Alabama, on
the 27th ult., capturing one hundred men, eight officers, four hundred mules,
and three hundred negroes. Colonel Cornyn then proceeded northward, destroying
foundries, mills, and every thing else useful to the enemy that he could lay his
REBEL ARMY OF THE POTOMAC.
It is stated that the enemy is in
motion, their trains being observed moving toward Culpepper, followed by a heavy
column of troops.
General Lee, it is said, has issued an address to his army
congratulating them upon their past achievements and foreshadowing a raid into
Maryland. He tells them that they are to have long and rapid marches through a
country without railroads, and calls upon every man to be prepared for the
BURNSIDE AT WORK.
A correspondent of the Chicago
Tribune, by authority of
General Burnside himself, denies the statement that he
has asked to be relieved of the command of the Department which he now controls.
When he accepted the command it was with the understanding that he should take
the field with his Ninth Army Corps, and other troops that were to be forwarded
to him, and pierce through
Kentucky to East Tennessee. He did not intend to
remain in Cincinnati more than ten days, but has been detained until now. He
proposes to leave for the front in a few days, and will take immediate command
of the troops. His troop, are to co-operate with those of
Rosecrans, and also
with those of Grant, as soon as Vicksburg is taken.
A dispatch was sent under a flag
of truce last week by General Burnside to General Bragg, stating that if any
retaliation for the hanging of
two spies, executed recently according to the
usages of war, should be resorted to by the rebels he would hang all the rebel
officers in his hands.
UNION PRISONERS HELD BY THE REBELS.
It appears that the rebel
authorities refuse to parole the officers of Colonel Streight's command,
recently captured near Rome, Georgia; but still retain them as prisoners of war
EXPLOITS OF THE ENGLISH PIRATES.
The British pirates Alabama and
Florida, acting in conjunction, have lately destroyed no less than nine vessels,
namely: The Oneida, Louisa Hatch, Nora, Charles Hill, Commonwealth, Henrietta,
Lafayette, Kate Cory, and Kingfisher, in all making five ships, two barks, one
brig, and a schooner.
ELECTION IN WESTERN VIRGINIA.
The following are the names of
the loyal State officers who were elected in Western Virginia on the 28th ult.:
Governor—F. H. Pierpont.
Lieutenant-Governor—L. U. P.
Attorney-General—J. R. Bowden.
SEIZURE OF BRITISH VESSELS.
EARL RUSSELL, in the House of
Lords, defended the American prize courts and the course of policy of Secretary
Seward relative to the cases of captured British vessels off the blockading
coast against a severe attack of the Marquis of Clanricarde. The Earl stated
that the law officers of the Crown had considered almost every case of seizure,
and "they reported that there was no rational ground of objection" to the action
of the American prize courts.
REPORTED FALL OF PUEBLA.
It is reported that the French
have ultimately succeeded in the capture of Puebla, with its commander-in-chief
(General Ortega), a large number of inferior officers, and thousands of
soldiers. The garrison artillery, by the same accounts, are said to have also
fallen into their hands. It is said that immediately on the arrival of his heavy
siege artillery General Forey opened a tremendous bombardment on the city, and
on the 17th ult. ordered a general assault. The garrison, however, is said to
have made but little resistance, and the whole force, commander, officers,
soldiers, and artillery, unconditionally surrendered. The whole story needs
AN HONEST GOVERNMENT ACTS.
The recent raids of the privateer
Alabama off the coast of Brazil have provoked the authorities of that country to
remove the commander at Fernando de Noronha for permitting her to commit
depredations in Brazilian waters, and her presence in that region was forbidden
by his successor.