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Robert E. Lee Portrait
THE NEW REBEL RAM AT MOBILE.—[FROM A SKETCH BY AN OFFICER ON BLOCKADE DUTY.]
NEW REBEL RAM.
ON this page we print a sketch
representing the rebel Ram at Mobile. The object of this Ram is the same
intended to have been accomplished by the famous Manassas against our fleet off
New Orleans in October, 1861, viz., the annoyance of our blockading vessels. The
Richmond, which survived the attack of the Manassas without any serious damage,
is now off Mobile, and probably has no fears of annihilation from this new
monster. The Ram. is turned by means of a jib, and the picture represents her as
seen from a point near Sand Island.
COLUMBIA, S. C.
WE publish below some sketches
illustrative of Columbia, the capital of South Carolina, and of the Richland
Jail, in which are confined Union prisoners captured in the vicinity of
One of these sketches, entitled
CITY HALL, is a view from the east windows of the prison. Above the building
Confederate flag. In the balcony about the tower a watchman paces his
round at night, calling aloud the quarter hours; and in the fore-ground of the
sketch is the high board-fence of the jail-yard.
Another sketch represents a rear
view of the prison itself, and a Sabbath Service held in the Yard. The building
is of small stone, or brick, marked to imitate large stone blocks. On the first,
or ground floor, are confined the Union officers; those of the army in two rooms
nearest the front, on the left of the building, as shown in the sketch;
those of the navy in one large
room on the right. Of the two rear rooms, on the same floor, looking into the
jail-yard, that on the right is occupied by the guard; that on the left for the
temporary confinement of Confederate prisoners. The rooms on the second floor
were occupied by the Union privates taken at Fort Wagner until their removal to
Richmond; now conscripts and deserters for the Confederate army are there
detained. The third floor is given up to the criminals from the civil courts.
On the other side of the City
Hall is a picture of the PUBLIC SQUARE of Columbia, opposite the Old
Court-house, before which
auctions are to be often seen.
Against the corner lamp-post is
the bulletin board of the Carolinian office—to be seen a little way up the
street. On this the latest intelligence from the front is posted, and of course
it is watched with interest from the jail windows by the
Union prisoners, who
surmise the nature of the news from the conduct and manners of those reading it.
If favorable to the Confederates, they rub their hands exultingly as they stand
about it in groups, exchanging congratulations on its signs of promise. If
adverse, they read it slowly and walk sadly away—with,
perhaps, a lifting of the hat and
scratching of the head, or a spasmodic jerking of the foot at every other step,
as though seeking vent for their feelings of disappointment and regret. By this
corner passed the veteran regiments from the army of Northern Virginia to
reinforce Bragg before the
battle of Chickamauga.
The sketch entitled OLD MAGGIE
represents a portion of the room occupied by the army officers. The long table
is made to serve for meals by day and as a bed at night. Underneath it is the
box in which is kept the corn-meal served with fresh meat every three or four
days. Above are the water-bucket and cup, with the large pan in which Old
Maggie, the colored cook, brings the meat and soup which she has prepared. Some
shelves are soon against the walls, on which the soldiers pile their cups and
bowls and their packages of purchased rations.
The picture at the right of the
above represents the other portion of the officers' quarters. Here, in the open
fire-place, a cheerful wood-fire blazes in these long, cold winter evenings, and
around it the officers sit, recounting army experiences, discussing the
probabilities of the future, or telling stories to beguile the tedious hours. Of
home and dear ones but little is said, for those are subjects it will not do for
prisoners to dwell upon. On the mantle are a few books, a prison candlestick,
pipe, cup, coffee-pot, and piece of corn-bread of Old Maggie's make. The sound
of the coffee-mill, just beneath, awakes the later sleepers in the early morning
to memories of the home kitchen of boyhood days.
SCENES IN AND AROUND RICHLAND JAIL, COLUMBIA, SOUTH CAROLINA.