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Robert E. Lee Portrait
NEW YORK, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1864.
[SINGLE COPIES TEN CENTS.
$4,00 PER YEAR IN ADVANCE.
Entered according to Act
of Congress, in the Year 1864, by Harper & Brothers, in the Clerk's
Office of the District
Court for the Southern District
of New York.
"RALLY ROUND THE FLAG."
week we print, on pages 632 and 633, another
picture which shows at a glance the position of
the Union men in this contest. The constitutional standard-bearer, who through
good report and evil report has held the flag of the country aloft and triumphant,
is represented surrounded by his gallant fellow-citizens of the army and navy,
who on land and sea have maintained the honor and integrity of the nation.
Neither he nor they ask for " an immediate
cessation of hostilities"—neither he nor they
are ignorant of the great price of constant sacrifice of every kind that must be
paid for the final victory of the people over their enemies ; of loyal men over
traitors ; of the great mass of men who live by their own labor over a
privileged class that call workmen "mud-sills;" the triumph of the true
Democracy over the only aristocracy in the land.
said the President a few days since to a returning regiment,
"I thank you in behalf of the country for the services you have
rendered.... The war is for the perpetuation of the principle of equal rights to
all. In this Government the sober
and industrious have an equal chance. I occupy
the White House now ; but there is an equal chance that your father's
son may be as fortunate as my,
These are the words of a true Democrat and honest
man, sprung from the people, and conscious that he is upholding their
cause against traitorous enemies every where. " This is your war,"
he says. "Boys, rally round
sketch which we give on this page is one which illustrates an operation
continually going on on
extreme left. According to the rebel journals the Lieutenant-General is slowly
pushing westward from the Weldon Railroad; as he moves in this direction he
fortifies his extended
line. The scene given in the sketch relates especially to General
front. The work of fortifying goes on at night, to avoid exposure to the enemy's
THE U. S. TORPEDO-BOAT "NEW ERA."
September 8, at Fairhaven, Connecticut, was launched the
of which we give a sketch on page 636. It is the first boat of the kind worthy
of notice. She is a wooden vessel,
seventy-five feet long, twenty feet beam, and seven feet depth of hold. She is
securely built, her heavy beams being supported by hanging knees
and is to receive an armor plating
sufficient to make her shot and shell proof. Her engine has a cylinder eighteen
inches in diameter, with eighteen inches stroke of piston, and works a screw
capable of propelling the vessel at the rate of twelve miles an hour. The boiler
furnishes the steam for the main engine as well as for the auxiliary
engines, which work the submerging pumps, and
the mechanism by which the torpedo arm places the
torpedo beneath the ship. Forward of the boiler is
the steering wheel, and then comes the torpedo-machine.
It requires twelve men to man the vessel. The following is the method in which
the torpedo-machine operates: As the vessel advances toward
her victim a torpedo, varying in charge from sixty to two hundred pounds of
powder, is placed in a basket-like contrivance, attached to a long rod.
The torpedo is capped, and the hammer which is
to explode it is secured, and
every thing being in readiness, the large working box is closed, the gate
at the bow of the vessel is raised; the water then rushes in until it is filled.
The machine is now set in motion, and a long iron arm carries the basket
containing the torpedo out from the vessel, and, closing up to the enemy, by
means of a rod within this arm, the
torpedo is released from its receptacle
and is deposited in the water in just such a position as allows it to
float up against the bottom of the vessel intended to be destroyed. The
machinery still keeps on revolving,
and the same motion which
caused the arm to run out brings it back ; the vessel
in the mean time backs out of the way of the
vessel intended to be sunk,
and at the moment fixed upon
the hammer falls, the cap is exploded, and the work is done. The basket
may be again charged and the process repeated. The invention of this ingenious
machine, by Chief-Engineer W. W.
introduces a new era in submarine warfare.
GENERAL WARREN EXTENDING AND FORTIFYING
HIS LINES ACROSS THE
A. R. WAUD.]
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