General Warren's Lines


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Civil War Harper's Weekly, October 1, 1864

This site features our extensive collection of original Harper's Weekly newspapers from the Civil War. These newspapers contain incredible descriptions of the important events of the war, and illustrations of the battles created by war correspondents embedded with the troops.

(Scroll Down to See Entire Page, or Newspaper Thumbnails below will take you to the page of interest)


General Warren's Lines

General Warren's Lines

Discussion of 1864 Presidential Election

Sherman's Atlanta Campaign

Sherman's Atlanta Campaign

American Flag

American Flag

Douglas Monument

Senator Douglas Monument

Sherman Burning Georgia Railroads

Sherman Burning Georgia Railroads

Sherman's March Georgia

Sherman's Georgia March

Sherman Atlanta

Sherman's Attack of Atlanta


The Halt




Political Cartoon






VOL. VIII.—No. 405.]




Entered according to Act of Congress, in the Year 1864, by Harper & Brothers, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Southern District of New York.


THIS week we print, on pages 632 and 633, another picture which shows at a glance the position of the Union men in this contest. The constitutional standard-bearer, who through good report and evil report has held the flag of the country aloft and triumphant, is represented surrounded by his gallant fellow-citizens of the army and navy, who on land and sea have maintained the honor and integrity of the nation. Neither he nor they ask for " an immediate cessation of hostilities"—neither he nor they are ignorant of the great price of constant sacrifice of every kind that must be paid for the final victory of the people over their enemies ; of loyal men over traitors ; of the great mass of men who live by their own labor over a privileged class that call workmen "mud-sills;" the triumph of the true Democracy over the only aristocracy in the land.

"Soldiers," said the President a few days since to a returning regiment, "I thank you in behalf of the country for the services you have rendered.... The war is for the perpetuation of the principle of equal rights to all. In this Government the sober

and industrious have an equal chance. I occupy the White House now ; but there is an equal chance that your father's son may be as fortunate as my, father's son."

These are the words of a true Democrat and honest man, sprung from the people, and conscious that he is upholding their cause against traitorous enemies every where. " This is your war," he says. "Boys, rally round your Flag!"


THE sketch which we give on this page is one which illustrates an operation continually going on on General GRANT'S extreme left. According to the rebel journals the Lieutenant-General is slowly pushing westward from the Weldon Railroad; as he moves in this direction he fortifies his extended line. The scene given in the sketch relates especially to General WARREN'S front. The work of fortifying goes on at night, to avoid exposure to the enemy's fire.


ON September 8, at Fairhaven, Connecticut, was launched the torpedo-boat New Era, of which we give a sketch on page 636. It is the first boat of the kind worthy of notice. She is a wooden vessel, seventy-five feet long, twenty feet beam, and seven feet depth of hold. She is securely built, her heavy beams being supported by hanging knees bolted and fastened, and is to receive an armor plating sufficient to make her shot and shell proof. Her engine has a cylinder eighteen inches in diameter, with eighteen inches stroke of piston, and works a screw capable of propelling the vessel at the rate of twelve miles an hour. The boiler furnishes the steam for the main engine as well as for the auxiliary engines, which work the submerging pumps, and the mechanism by which the torpedo arm places the torpedo beneath the ship. Forward of the boiler is the steering wheel, and then comes the torpedo-machine. It requires twelve men to man the vessel. The following is the method in which the torpedo-machine operates: As the vessel advances toward

her victim a torpedo, varying in charge from sixty to two hundred pounds of powder, is placed in a basket-like contrivance, attached to a long rod. The torpedo is capped, and the hammer which is to explode it is secured, and every thing being in readiness, the large working box is closed, the gate at the bow of the vessel is raised; the water then rushes in until it is filled. The machine is now set in motion, and a long iron arm carries the basket containing the torpedo out from the vessel, and, closing up to the enemy, by means of a rod within this arm, the torpedo is released from its receptacle and is deposited in the water in just such a position as allows it to float up against the bottom of the vessel intended to be destroyed. The machinery still keeps on revolving, and the same motion which caused the arm to run out brings it back ; the vessel in the mean time backs out of the way of the vessel intended to be sunk, and at the moment fixed upon the hammer falls, the cap is exploded, and the work is done. The basket may be again charged and the process repeated. The invention of this ingenious machine, by Chief-Engineer W. W. WOOD, U.S.N., introduces a new era in submarine warfare.


General Warren's Lines


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