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Civil War Harper's Weekly, January 16, 1864

Harper's Weekly was an illustrated newspaper published during the Civil War. The paper was distributed across the country, and was read by millions of Americans. These newspapers contained incredible illustrations and reports of the war.

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Robert Fulton Monument

Texas Expedition

Banks' Texas Expedition


General Humphreys

Wreck of the Aquila

Gettysburg Story

Gettysburg Soldier


Archbishop Hughes

Fog Trumpet

Fog Trumpet

Uncle Sam

Uncle Sam Cartoon

Army of the Potomac

Army of the Potomac







JANUARY 16, 1864.]




(Previous Page) An auctioneer, while engaged in his vocation, thus exalted the merits of a carpet—"Gentlemen and ladies, some folks sell carpets for Brussels which are not Brussels, but I can most positively assure you that this elegant article was made by Mr. Brussels himself."

An abbe having a violent cold on his return from Rome, where he had been unsuccessfully soliciting the rank of cardinal, it was observed that the malady was easily accounted for, as he had come all the way home without his hat.

Pat was a volunteer, and he got sick. The first question the surgeon asked him was, "Pat, are your bowels regular?" "No, Sir; be jabers, I'm a volunteer!"

An Irishman was challenged to fight a duel, but declined on the plea that he did not wish to "lave his ould mother an orphan."

A friend in California writes us that they have fire-flies so large in that State that they use them to cook by. They hang the kettles on their hind-legs, which are bent for the purpose like pot-hooks.

A new mode of dispersing a mob has been discovered, which is said to supersede the necessity of a military force: It is to pass round a contribution-box.

One of the German Kings wanted his army instructed In the use of the Armstrong gun. He accordingly got one, but was obliged to ask leave of the next king to have the target put up in his kingdom, his own not being big enough for the Armstrong range!

Sometimes a girl says no to an offer, when it is as plain as the nose on her face that she means yes. The best way to judge whether she is in earnest or not is to look straight into her eyes, and never mind her noes.

Some men keep savage dogs around their houses, so that the hungry poor who stop to "get a bite" may get it outside the door.

When you are running from a mad bull to be slow isn't to be sure.

"Do you know who built this bridge?" said a person to Hook. "No," replied Hook; but if you go over you'll be tolled."

It is said that some babies are so small that they can creep into quart measures. But the way in which some adults can walk into such measures is very astonishing.

The reason, no doubt, why people don't like to set down thirteen to dinner is because, under those circumstances, they must necessarily be "at sixes and sevens with each other."

If an elephant can travel eight miles an hour, and carry his trunk, how fast could he go if he had a little page to carry it for him?

"Ah!" said a Sunday-school teacher—"Ah, Caroline Jones, what do you think you would have been without your good father and pious mother?" "I suppose, mum," said Caroline, who was very much struck with the soft appeal— "I suppose, mum, as I should ha' been a horphan."

When Jackson was President of the United States, Jimmy O'Niel, the porter, was a marked character. He had his foibles, which were offensive to the fastidiousness of Colonel Donelson, and caused his dismissal on an average of about once a week. But on appeal to the higher court, the verdict was invariably reversed by the good-nature of the old General. Once, however, Jimmy was guilty of some flagrant offense, and was summoned before the highest tribunal at once. The General, after stating the details of the misdeed, observed, "Jimmy, I have borne with you for years, in spite of all complaints; but in this act you have gone beyond my powers of endurance." "And do you believe the story?" asked Jimmy. "Certainly," answered the General; "I have just heard it from two Senators." "Faith," retorted Jimmy, "if I believed all that twenty Senators say about you, it's little I'd think you are fit to be President." "Pshaw! Jimmy," concluded the General; "clear out, and go on duty, but be more careful hereafter." Jimmy remained with his kind-hearted patron not only to the close of his Presidential term, but, accompanying him to the Hermitage, was with him to the day of his death.

"Talk about women talking!" says a lady of our acquaintance, herself by no means deficient in eloquence; "why, look at the debates, the public dinners, the vestry meetings, and, above all, the gossip, gossip, gossip at those horrid clubs! You talk more in a week than we do in a year; though, to be sure, what we do say has got some sense in it!"

An officer, who was inspecting his company one morning, spied one private whose shirt was sadly begrimed. "Patrick O'Flynn!" called out the captain. "Here, yer Honor!" promptly responded Patrick, with his hand to his cap. "How long do you wear a shirt?" "Twenty-eight inches," was the rejoinder.

"You have not a drop of the great Napoleon's blood in your veins," said testy old Jerome one day in a pet to his nephew the Emperor. "Well," replied Louis Napoleon, "at all events I have his whole family on my shoulders."

A lady that would please herself in marrying was warned that her intended, although a good sort of a man, was very singular. "Well," replied the lady, "if he is very much unlike other men, he is much more likely to be a good husband."

An old lady, who had been reading the famous moon story very attentively, remarked with emphasis that the idea of the moon's being inhabited was incredible. "For," says she, "what becomes of the people in the new moon when there is nothing but a little streak left of it?"

"Pat," said the captain of a ship to an Irishman who was a passenger on board, and who sometimes used to sleep twenty hours in succession, "how do you contrive to sleep so long?" "How?" cried Pat; "why, I pay particular attention to it."

"Patrick," said a Judge, "what do you say to the charge: are you guilty or not guilty?" "Faith, that is difficult for your Honor to tell, let alone myself. Wait till I hear the evidence."

"Have you read my last speech?" said a vain orator to a friend. "I hope so," was the reply.


WE avail ourselves of the space gained by the adjournment of Congress from December 27 to January 5 to present a list of the members of both Houses of Congress, with an attempt to designate their political status. The former appellations of "Republican" and "Democratic" are wholly out of date, many members who were elected as Democrats voting with the Republicans. We have classified the members as "Administration," denoted by "A.," and "Opposition," denoted by "O." In the House this classification is comparatively easy. All the members who voted for Mr. Colfax as Speaker are marked "A." Those who voted for Messrs. Cox, Dawson, Mallory, and other Opposition candidates, are denoted by "O." The whole number of votes cast for Speaker was 181, of which 101 were cast for Mr. Colfax. The entire number on our list is 186. We have classed those who were not present according to our best knowledge of their position. Our list contains several names not inserted on the official lists. The right of these gentlemen to seats is disputed. Supposing them to be confirmed, according to our estimate the Administration has 105 votes; the Opposition 81. It must be borne in mind, however, that several members whom we have classed as "O." vote with the Administration upon the essential questions concerning the carrying on of the war.—The Senate, by the official lists, consists of 50 members, among whom are two from "Virginia" and two from "West Virginia." In this body no strictly test vote has come up, and in classifying the Senators as " A." or "O." we have been guided partly by our knowledge of their antecedents, and partly by an examination of their votes thus far. With these explanations, we think that our list will be found nearly correct.




SENATE.—January 5. A message was received from the President, recommending that the payment of bounties to veteran soldiers be continued until the 1st of February; accompanying this were letters from the Secretary of War and the Provost Marshal General in favor of the bounty system as opposed to that of drafting: referred to Committee on Military Affairs.—The Secretary of the Navy sent in a list of naval officers who have left the service and joined the rebels.—Several petitions were presented and referred.—Mr. Powell offered a bill prohibiting army and navy officers from interfering in State elections: referred to Judiciary Committee.—Mr. Wilson introduced a bill restoring the $400 bounty to veterans and $300 to volunteers until February 15, and offering $100 bounty to persons of African descent residing in States now in rebellion.—Mr. Ten Eyck moved the reference to the Judiciary Committee of that part of the President's Message relating to the reconstruction of the States; he spoke at length in favor of the President's plan: agreed to.

HOUSE.—January 5. Mr. Smith introduced a bill providing for paying bounty and pensions to soldiers from Ohio and Kentucky.—A Message from the President urging the extension of the time for paying bounties till February 1 was received and referred to Military Committee. —Mr. Fenton gave notice of a bill indemnifying loyal citizens for damages inflicted by the troops of the United States. —Mr. Coffroth proposed a resolution inquiring into the services rendered and compensation received by Jay Cooke & Co. in the sale of public securities: adopted.—Mr. Harrington gave notice of a bill paying bounties to soldiers who, having served less than three years, have been honorably discharged. Several unimportant subjects were also introduced.


Our two great armies are enjoying a season of rest. Beyond isolated raids and reconnoissances there is no intelligence from the Potomac or the Tennessee.—The barbarous treatment of our prisoners at Richmond, and the refusal of the enemy to treat with General Butler in relation to exchanges, have excited intense indignation, and it is reported that measures are to be taken which must induce the authorities at Richmond to alter their course.


We have unofficial reports of an engagement on the 18th of December, near Fort Gibson, between 1000 rebels under Quantrill and our forces under Colonel Phillips, resulting, after several hours' fighting, in the complete defeat of the enemy, who scattered in all directions.


All accounts represent that the expedition to Texas is meeting with great success; but the details are indefinite. We present a few items from rebel sources:

Governor Lubbuck, in his message, urges the enrollment of all males between the ages of 16 and 60. He sees no reason why able-bodied old men should not be required to defend the State. Texas has furnished 90,000 men to the army, while its highest vote was 63,727. He estimates that the number of men between 16 and 60 in the State is not more than 27,000, and of these a large proportion had since been drawn into the army. He urges that officers should be obliged to enter the ranks whenever their companies fall below the minimum number.—Indians on the frontier are troublesome; they murder and steal horses, instigated, the Governor thinks, "by our barbarous Yankee enemies, and the renegade whites among them." These Indians must be severely chastised.—Aliens residing in Texas must be forced into the army equally with citizens. —Refugees from Arkansas and Louisiana come to Texas with their slaves. They should be welcomed. "It is better," he says, "to receive them than that they should fall into the hands of our abolition enemies, to be used against us. The refugee who seeks the last foot of soil unpolluted by the Yankees is far more entitled," says Gov. Lubbuck, "to our respect, sympathy, and protection than the wretched cravens and traitors who remain within the enemy's lines taking the oath of allegiance in the vain expectation of preserving the property they have not the courage or patriotism to defend."—Texans sometimes desert, and it is recommended that deserters be sentenced to hard labor in the penitentiary.—Distilleries ought to be closed; they use up grain, and demoralize the people and soldiers.—Nobody capable of bearing arms should be allowed to leave the State.—Confederate notes are at an enormous discount; something must be done to raise their value: the best thing is for the Government to take the control of the entire trade in cotton, tobacco, and naval stores.

General Magruder, under date of November 27, announces to the citizens of Texas that a formidable invasion is attempted. Banks had taken possession of the Lower Rio Grande, captured Aransas and Corpus Christi Passes, and was advancing upon Saluria. The proclamation of President Lincoln left no room for hope for any one to save his property, "especially his negroes," by submission. Moreover, the enemy had "brought with him from 5000 to 10,000 muskets with which to arm the slaves against their masters." General Magruder therefore recommends that all citizens residing upon navigable streams, or within fifty miles of the coast, should, at any cost, send their able-bodied male slaves into the interior. Lose your negroes, he says, "and your lands will become comparatively worthless."

General E. Kirby Smith, commanding in the Department, finds the impressment of cotton an absolute military necessity. He has placed the matter in the hands of a Committee, whose plan is to buy one half of the cotton, and pay for it in Confederate bonds or stocks, and give certificates exempting the remainder from impressment. Any planter delivering to the Government one half of his cotton, at any recognized depot, upon these terms, will be allowed to remove and sell the other half to the best customer he can find. All cotton, the Committee say, "attempted to be moved without the protection of an exemption from this office, will be liable to impressment for Government purposes; and any interference with the Government transportation by the holder of an exemption or by any of his agents, either by attempting to forestall the hiring of teams, or by offering or giving a higher rate of freight than proposed by this office, will cancel said exemption."


The Legislature of New York convened on the 5th of January. The National Administration have a decided majority in both branches: 78 to 50 in the House. The Message of Governor Seymour is in a great measure devoted to an attack upon the policy and measures of the National Administration. The Governor also has summarily removed the Police Commissioners of New York; basing this action mainly upon the ground of a paragraph in their Report, in which they imply that a majority of the rioters of last July were Irishmen and Catholics. The old Commissioners deny the right of the Governor to remove them without a formal trial, and until this point is legally decided remain in the exercise of the duties of their office. The new Board appointed by the Governor have organized, but have taken no measures to assume the direction of the police force.


FROM Europe there is little of importance. The English papers discuss at length the Messages of Presidents Davis and Lincoln. They think the plans of the latter to be impracticable; while the tone of the former shows no indications of yielding.

In the French Senate there has been sharp debate, in which the foreign policy of the Emperor was called in question; but the usual complimentary address was carried, and the Emperor replied in a conciliatory manner.

No definite changes have taken place in regard to the three great European troubles: the Polish insurrection, the Danish question, and the Congress of the rulers.


It is now affirmed that the Archduke Maximilian will not accept the crown of Mexico; this report, however, rests upon no authenticated grounds. Meanwhile the position of the French army of invasion and occupation grows daily more perplexing.

The troops of Ecuador, under General Flores, who invaded

the States of Colombia, have met with a serious defeat. Mosquera, the President of Colombia, having succeeded in gathering about 4000 men, attacked Flores, who had 6500, and routed him after a sharp action, killing and wounding, according to report, 1500, and taking 2000 prisoners. This action occurred on the 6th of December.


THE following Union officers have died at Camp Grose, Texas, while prisoners in the hands of the rebels:

Lieutenant FRANK BARTLETT, Forty-second Massachusetts Volunteers, of dysentery, August 22, 1863.

Surgeon A. J. CUMMINS, Forty-second Massachusetts Volunteers, September 9, 1863.

Lieutenant JESSE W. RUMSEY (formerly a compositor in the New York Herald office), One Hundred and Seventy-fifth New York Volunteers, October 11, 1863.

Lieutenant MATHIAS HAYES, One Hundred and Seventy-fifth New York Volunteers, October 16, 1863.

Colonel J. F. PIERSON and Captain J. A. SCRYMSER, selected by the Sub-Committee appointed at the recent meeting held at the Cooper Institute, to visit the Army of the Potomac to explain to New York regiments the matter of bounties, etc., have left for the army. The total bounty to those who re-enlist will not be less than $777. Of this $402 will be paid by Government: $300, and in some counties more, by county, and $75 by the State. Each man re-enlisting should receive from his mustering officer a paper showing to what town, city, and county he is to be credited. The State and county bounties will be paid when the men come home on furlough.

It has been ordered that but one passenger train shall hereafter leave Washington daily for the Army of the Potomac—namely, at a quarter before ten in the forenoon. Other trains are exclusively for freight. Sutlers can accompany their goods, provided their passes have been countersigned the previous day.

Fifty of FORREST'S guerrillas, a Colonel, Major, and Chaplain, were captured by General DODGE'S mounted infantry, near Pulaski, Tennessee, on the 25th, three of them in chains, charged with the murder of Federal soldiers last summer. The skulls of the murdered men, placed as ornaments on the mantle-piece, were found in their room.

The enlistments in this city under the last call have been 3167. In order to put a stop to the speculation of enlistment-brokers, who enlist men here for other States, Governor SEYMOUR has issued the following order:

ALBANY, December 15, 1863.

SPECIAL ORDERS No. 961.—The Judge-Advocate-General is directed to take legal measures for the arrest and punishment of all persons who may, in violation of the laws of this State, procure volunteers in the city of New York to be recruited and credited elsewhere. By order of the Commander-in-Chief.

JOHN T. SPRAGUE, Adjutant-General.

A dispatch from Chattanooga states that seven members of the Sixth Ohio Battery have been captured by the rebels, near Tullahoma, and brutally murdered. They were tied to trees, shot, and their bodies thrown into the river.

Captain THOMAS WILSON has been appointed Chief Commissary of the Army of the Potomac in place of A. H. CLARK, who has been relieved and ordered to report at New York. He is the son of JOSEPH L. WILSON, Chief Clerk of the Land Office.

The official rebel loss at Chicamauga is stated as follows: Killed, 2299; dangerously wounded, 4780;. slightly, 10,500; missing, 1900.

The value of the prizes captured by our navy since the commencement of the rebellion is shown by official figures to amount to over $100,000,000.

A petition is in circulation, signed by the officers of the Potomac flotilla and the Navy-yard here, asking that HENRY WALTERS, late Acting Ensign, commanding the gunboat Reliance, that was captured by the rebels in July last in the Rappahannock, be reinstated. He was dismissed from the service by the Department, and it is stated on the occasion WALTERS fought desperately.

The Navy Department will, on the 5th of January, dispatch the supply steamer Bermuda from Philadelphia to the Gulf Squadron, and on the 9th the supply steamer Massachusetts to the South Atlantic Squadron.

The ordnance officer of the Monitor Patapsco has furnished a transcript from his record of the expenditures of shot, shell, and powder by that vessel during her period of service of less than a year. The armament of the Patapsco is one 8-inch rifle and one 15-inch Dahlgren (smooth bore). The record shows that up to November 4 this Monitor expended, for the 8-inch rifle, 44 tons plus 640 pounds of shot, or altogether, 109,200. Expenditure of powder for rifle gun, 14,970 pounds. For her 15-inch gun she expended 7 tons plus 1430 pounds, or 17,130 pounds of shot. Expenditure of powder for 15-inch gun, 12,095 pounds. A very simple calculation from these data shows that the 8-inch rifle has fired 541 rounds (109,200 pounds of shot, divided by 200, which is the weight of each shot), while the 15-inch gun has fired but 43 times—(17,130 pounds of shot, divided by 400, which is the approximate weight of the shot of the 15-inch gun); that is, more than twelve rounds have been fired from the 200-pounder rifles for every one from the 15-inch Dahlgren.

On account of the enormous amount of work to be previously done, General McCLELLAN'S report can not be issued for several weeks yet, as there are to be twenty maps engraved for it.

The Richmond Examiner says that the rebel army in East Tennessee has gone into winter-quarters.

At its late anniversary, the Missionary Society of the Cincinnati Conference elected General GRANT an honorary member. Rev. J. F. MARLAY communicated the fact to the General, and the following is his reply:

DEAR SIR,—Through you permit me to express my thanks to the society of which you are the honored secretary for the compliment they have seen fit to pay me by electing me one of its members.

I accept the election as a token of earnest support, by members of the Methodist Missionary Society of the Cincinnati Conference, to the cause of our country in this hour of trial.

I have the honor to be, very truly, your obedient servant,

      U. S. GRANT, Major-General U.S.A.

Major THOMAS D. ARMASY and Lieutenant DANIEL DAVIS, two rebel officers recently convicted by court-martial of recruiting within the Union lines, were on Saturday conveyed to Fort Warren, sentenced to fifteen years' imprisonment.

The Legislature of Alabama has voted that the carpets of the State Capitol at Montgomery shall be cut up into blankets for the Alabama soldiers in the rebel army.

The War Department has ordered that any armed vessel in the service of the United States, which shall make a capture, or assist in making a capture, shall be entitled to prize-money as if she belonged to the navy—subject, of course, to the regulations.

General ROSECRANS is to take the place of General SCHOFIELD in the Department of Missouri.

General STONEMAN, Chief of the Cavalry Bureau, has at his own request, been relieved of that command, and has been ordered to report to General GRANT. Colonel GERARD has been placed in charge of the Bureau.

The Ninth, Twenty-ninth, and Thirty-fifth Indiana regiments have re-enlisted for three years, to a man. They will have a short furlough home in a few days. They are now at Chattanooga. Recruits front all portions of Indiana are pouring into Indianapolis. At least one hundred arrive daily, and are sent into the numerous camps.

Captain H. T. ANDERSON, Fifty-first Indiana Regiment, and J. T. SKELTON, Seventeenth Iowa Regiment, escaped a short time ago from the Libey Prison at Richmond. They report that the supplies furnished the prisoners were scant in quantity and miserable in quality, but the best they could give.

General BUTLER has issued an important order, providing for the enlistment of colored troops and the care of their families in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.





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