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Robert E. Lee Portrait
Page) that Colonel OGLESBY was enabled to display those native
military qualities which made him one of the most admirable, distinguished, and
beloved heroes and leaders of our Western army of volunteers. In February, 1862,
he marched with his men from Cairo to the Tennessee River ; and at the great
initial victory of the war—the
battle of Fort Donelson—where he commanded a
brigade consisting of five regiments of Illinois infantry, two batteries, and a
bony or cavalry, he stood out prominently as one of the coolest, bravest, and
above all, as one of the most daring and dashing of officers among a body of men
that never in the history of the world was surpassed for these qualities. His
brigade was in McCLERNAND'S division, which was posted on our extreme right; and
the accounts of the three days' struggle published at the time showed the
splendid and effective work performed by OGLESBY'S brigade from Thursday, when
he first met the rebels and forced them from two positions, until Saturday, when
the whole rebel garrison surrendered. Of the second day before Donelson one of
the correspondents writes: " I must admit that, riding along our lines on
Friday, and witnessing the formidable field-works of the enemy (between five and
six miles in extent) which reared themselves every where to the front of us, I
feared that the task of reducing them would be, at the best, a matter of
considerable time. But cold and hungry, and with garments stiff with frost, the
soldiers were still hopeful and firm. The universal sentiment was, as bluff
Colonel OGLESBY expressed it, 'We came here to take that fort, and we will take
it.' Not that day, but the next, brought forth the glorious fruit of this
resolute purpose." For his gallantry on this. occasion Colonel OGLESBY was
commissioned Brigadier-General of Volunteers.
On the subsequent advance of
GRANT'S army up the Tennessee River, and as far as Pittsburg Landing, General
OGLESBY accompanied it with his brigade ; and at the great battle of Shiloh, in
April, he bore a distinguished part.
But we do not propose to recount
all the services of our hero in the eventful summer of 1862.
At the battle and victory of
Corinth, in October, General OGLESBY was present in command of a division. It
was at this remarkable action that his military and manly qualities received
their highest illustration ; and it was here also that his services in the field
terminated. While in the very thick and fury of the battle, " glorious old
Dick," as his soldiers called him, was shot through the chest, and was borne
from the field in a condition that led to a report of his death—which mistake
Mr. RUSSELL has incorporated in his book on the American war. He was carried to
his home in Illinois, where he was for nearly a year confined by his wound,
which also permanently unfitted him for service.
General OGLESBY is now the Union
candidate for Governor of Illinois, and on the second Tuesday of October will
doubtless be elevated to the Chief Magistracy of that gallant and patriotic
Mr. "Bull Run" RUSSELL, in the
"North and South," gives a lively picture of Colonel OGLESBY, whom he met at
Cairo at the head of his regiment at the inception of the war. " He struck me,"
says RUSSELL, " by his shrewdness, simple honesty, and zeal. He told me that he
had begun life in the utmost obscurity; but that somehow or other he got into a
lawyer's office, and there, by hard drudgery, by mother wit and industry,
notwithstanding a defective education, he had raised himself not only to
independence, but to such a position that one thousand men had gathered at his
call, and selected one who had never led a company in his life to be their
Colonel. In fact, he is an excellent orator of the Western school, and made
good, homely, telling speeches to his men. I'm not as good as your Frenchmen of
the schools of Paris, nor am I equal to the Russian colonels I met at St.
Petersburg,' said he ; 'but I know I can do good straight fighting with my boys
when I get a chance.'" We may add, that General OGLESBY'S subsequent career
showed that this was no mere empty boast. He did indeed do " good straight
fighting" with his boys when he got a chance, which was very soon.
The same writer subsequently
describes a gathering of soldiers at Cairo to listen to patriotic speeches : "
OGLESBY was next summoned, and the tall, portly, good humored old man stepped to
the front, and with excellent tact and good sense, dished up in the Buncombe
style, told them the time for making speeches had passed; indeed it had lasted
too long ; and although it was said there was very little fighting when there
was much talking, he believed too much talking was likely to lead to a great
deal more fighting than any one desired to see between citizens of the United
States of America, except their enemies, who, no doubt, were much better pleased
to see Americans fighting each other than to see them engaged in any other
These, though striking and
sensible, are certainly hardly fair specimens of General OGLESBY'S oratorical
style ; for the popular speeches he has delivered in Illinois during the present
Gubernatorial campaign are as noble specimens of natural and patriotic eloquence
as the times have produced.
WINDOWS OF THE SOUL.
LAVATER, in his work on
Physiognomy, which created so great a sensation throughout Europe toward the end
of last century, makes a remark regarding the hereditary brilliancy of eyes in
certain families, which is partly true and partly false. "When any extraordinary
vivacity appears in the eyes of the mother," says the Swiss mystic, " there is
almost a certainty that these eyes will become hereditary ; for the imagination
of the mother is delighted with nothing so much as the beauty of her own eyes."
The " extraordinary vivacity" of
which Lavater speaks must proceed either from the hereditary qualities of the
soul or from the special culture it has received: first in the ordinary world of
sense and show, and then in the higher sphere of emotions and ideas. The mother
who possesses true
nobility of soul can not fail to
give her children a portion of the rich inheritance she has derived from her
ancestors ; and this, no doubt, determines that strong individuality of features
and expression by which certain families are characterized. As a general rule,
however, far more depends upon the culture which the soul- receives from parents
and teachers than upon the frame in which it is lodged.
Emerson makes some notable
remarks, in his " Conduct of Life," on the marvelous phenomena of our spiritual
being, as it shows itself at the " windows of the soul," which are well worthy
"Eyes are bold as lions—roving,
running, leaping here and there, far and near. They speak all languages. They
wait for no introduction; they are no Englishmen ; ask no leave of age or rank ;
they respect neither poverty nor riches, neither learning nor power, nor virtue,
nor sex, but intrude, and come again, and go through and through you in a moment
of time The communication by the
eye is, in the greater part, not subject to the control of the will. It is
the bodily symbol of identity of nature. We look into the eyes to know if this
other form is another self; and the eyes will not lie, but make a faithful
confession what inhabitant is there. The revelations are sometimes terrific. The
confession of a low, usurping devil is there made; and the observer shall seem
to feel the stirring of owls and bats, and horned hoofs, where he looked for
innocence and simplicity."
" It is a point of cunning," says
Lord Bacon, "to wait upon him with whom you speak with your eye; as the Jesuits
give it in precept ; for there be many wise men that have secret hearts and
transparent countenances: yet this would be done with a demure abasing of your
eyes sometimes, as the Jesuits also do use." As the Jesuits are exceedingly
cunning they naturally adopt this demure aspect for the purpose of concealing
their own thoughts as closely as possible, while they are all the while trying
to read the inmost soul of the person to whom they are speaking. This is quite
as bad as the reckless, roving expression of the eye which marks the American.
The right course is to look the person with whom' you are conversing full in the
face, showing neither unmanly timidity nor undue boldness. That artificial and
demure look which Lord Bacon calls " a point of cunning" is the usual mark of a
Jesuit, but it is not confined to the disciples of Loyola. Now and then we
encounter a face of this description, where the cunning expression has been
produced by other causes. " The greatest hypocrite I ever knew," says Hazlitt, "
was a little demure, pretty, modest looking girl, with eyes timidly cast upon
the ground, and an air soft as enchantment. The only circumstance that could
lead to a suspicion of her true character was a cold, sullen, watery, glazed
look about the eyes, which she bent on vacancy, as if determined to avoid all
explanation with yours. I might have spied in their glittering, motionless
surface the rocks and quicksands that awaited below." This, however, is only a
one sided view of the affair. What would the "little, demure, pretty, modest
looking have said about the expression of Hazlitt's own eyes? Had she been able
to express her feelings in as fine words as he used we might have had as
repulsive a picture of him as he has drawn of her. Patmore tells us that
Hazlitt's eyes were neither fine nor brilliant; and as for expression, " there,
was a. furtive and, at times, a sinister look about them, as they glanced
suspiciously from under their overhanging brows, that conveyed a very unpleasant
impression to those that did not know him. And they were seldom directed frankly
and fairly toward you, as if he were afraid that you might read in them what was
passing in his mind concerning you."
Hazlitt ought to have remembered
the fundamental law which reigns through all physiognomical relations, that like
begets like. If your eyes wear a habitually suspicious or jealous expression,
you may be sure that they will call forth a corresponding look in the eyes of
most people with whom you come in contact. On the other hand, if your eyes have
an open, frank, and cheerful expression, as if a good natured soul were looking
out of the window, you will find most people responding to your hearty greeting
in the same pleasant ocular dialect. Marvelous also is the power which one soul
exercises over another through the eyes, in imparting whatever passion or
feeling predominates at the moment. This is certainly one of the greatest
mysteries of our dual nature, but it is one to which we shall obtain the key
when we have acquired that high degree in self knowledge which enables us,
really and truly, to "see oursels as others see us."
Solomon warns us against
familiarity with " him than bath an evil eye; for as he thinketh in his heart,
so is he." The double minded man can not help showing his real nature in the
language of his eye. "Eat and drink, saith he to thee; but his heart is not with
thee." Singleness of heart is equally visible in frankness of ocular expression.
" My eye no sooner fixed upon his," says John Dunton, " but through that
perspective I could see the inward virtue of his soul, which immediately
produced a veneration in my breast, and I soon found our hearts beat time to one
another." How much of our enjoyment in social intercourse arises from such
sympathy is well expressed by Emerson : " Vain and forgotten are all the fine
offers and offices of hospitality if there is no holiday in the eye. How many
furtive inclinations are avowed by the eye though dissembled by the lips ! A man
comes away from a company in which, it may easily happen, he has said nothing,
and no important remark has been addressed to him, and yet, if in sympathy with
the society, he shall not have a sense of this fact, such a stream of life has
been flowing into him, and out from him, through the eyes." Nor is this
enjoyment altogether owing to time felicitous temper of the individual himself.
The company of sympathetic souls has the effect of a powerful cordial upon a
sinking heart. It soon raises it up to a higher level ; and this all the more
effectually from the unconscious nature of its operation. When we see "holiday
in the eye," we do not need to care I much about what the tongue says.
MAMMOTH OIL COMPANY.-We should
judge by the large number of these corporations now being organized that the
petroleum oil business was very prosperous. The discovery of this oil has been
worth already millions of dollars to the Government. The shipments abroad are at
present perfectly enormous, and are steadily and rapidly increasing. A new
company, known as the "President Petroleum Company," is now being organized,
with a prospective capital of $5,000,000. We have seen a list of the
stockholders, and it embraces some of the strongest names in the City of New
York, including seven bank presidents, and other leading men connected with some
of the largest institutions in the country. We have no interest in any oil
company, but do not hesitate to say that had we money to invest, we should take
some of' this stock. It promises to pay large dividends, and can hardly help
doing so even with only moderate success. Those of our readers who have money to
invest in corporations of this character will find this new company worthy of
their attention. lee advertisement in our columns, last page.—Independent
PROPOSALS FOR LOAN. 5-20 Bonds.
TREASURY DEPARTMENT, Washington, Oct. 1, 1864.
Sealed offers will be received at
this Department, under the act of Congress, approved June 30, 1864, until the
noon of Friday, the 14th instant, for bonds of the United States, to the amount
of forty millions of dollars. The bonds offered will bear an interest of six per
centum, payable semi-annually, in coin, on the first days of May and November,
and will be redeemable at the pleasure of the Government, after five years, and
payable in twenty years from November 1, 1864. Each offer must be for fifty or
some multiple of fifty dollars, and must state the sum including premium offered
for each hundred dollars, or for fifty when the offer is for no more than fifty.
Two per cent. of the principal (including premium) of the whole amount bid for,
by each bidder, must be deposited, as a guarantee for the payment of
subscriptions if accepted, with the Treasurer of the United States at
Washington, or with the Assistant Treasurer at New York, Boston, Philadelphia,
or St. Louis, or with the designated Depositary at Baltimore, Pittsburgh,
Cincinnati, Louisville, Chicago, Detroit, or Buffalo, or with any National
Deposit Bank which may consent to transact the business without charge, for
which deposits duplicate certificates will be issued to the depositors by the
officer or bank receiving them—the originals of which must be forwarded, with
the offers, to this Department. All deposits should be made in time for the
certificates with the offers to reach Washington not later than the morning of
October 14, as aforesaid. No offer, not accompanied by its proper certificate of
deposit, will be considered,
The Coupon and Registered Bonds,
issued under this proposal, will be of the denominations of $50, $100, $500, and
$1000. Registered Bonds of $5000 and $10,000 will be issued if required.
All offers received will be
opened on Friday, October 14th. The awards will be made by the Secretary to the
highest offerers, and notice of acceptance or declination will be immediately
given to the respective offerers. In cases of acceptance, bonds of the
description and denomination preferred will be sent to the subscribers, at the
cost of tae Department, on final payment of installments. The deposit of two per
cent. will be reckoned in the last installments, paid by successful offerers,
and will be immediately returned to those whose offers may not be accepted.
The amount of accepted offers
must be deposited with the Treasurer, officer, or bank authorized to act under
this notice, on advice of the acceptance of offers, as follows : One half on the
20th October, and the balance (including the premium and original two per cent.
deposit) on the 31st October.
The bonds will bear interest from
November 1st. In. terest on deposits, from their date to November 1, will be
paid by the Government in coin.
One half of the first
installment, or twenty-five per cent. of accepted offers, may be paid, with
accrued interest to October 14, in United States "Certificates of Indebtedness,"
but such certificates will be received in part payment of the first installment
Ofters under this notice should
be endorsed" Offer for Loan," and addressed to the Secretary of the Treasury.
The right to decline all offers not considered advantageous to the Government,
is reserved by the Secretary.
W. P. FESSENDEN,
Secretary of the Treasury.
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