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Robert E. Lee Portrait
Page) himself within the rebel lines,
would not unhesitatingly trust himself to the slaves. The reason of this is
plain enough. It is that men love liberty and not slavery. It is that, despite
the blissful friendship in which the " kind masters" and " happy slaves" live, a
man wishes to own himself, and does not wish another man to sell his wife or his
daughter. Therefore, says the Richmond Whig, as the slaves constantly want to
run away to freedom, and the vile North will not send them back again, and as we
have rebelled to keep them hopelessly in slavery, let us fully explain to them
that if we conquer they shall never be free, and " an army of negro troops will
soon be raised."
DEAR MR. EDITOR,—The most
appalling incident of
SHERMAN'S march is recorded in the Richmond Whig of March
23. That paper says that Mr. WILLIAM GILMORE Simms, whose house was protected by
our troops and was afterward destroyed by a negro who " applied a torch,"
succeeded in saving over one hundred volumes of his manuscript works! Good
Heavens ! Mr. Editor, if
LEE and " the Confederacy" wish to be safe against all
attack, why don't they intrench themselves behind those works ?
are heroes, but I should like to see them undertake to get through one hundred
volumes of SIMM'S manuscript works ! We are told that the road to Kinston was
strewn with torpedoes. That was bad ; but just think of "a Confederacy" strewn
with this fearful quantity of SIMM'S literature ! No wonder the rebel papers
speak of a general depression of the public mind.
CATO THE YOUNGER.
DR. LIVINGSTONE'S SON.
THE Son of the famous African
traveler was a sailor, and, as the London News says, was induced by a substitute
broker in an American port to enlist in the Third New Hampshire Volunteers. He
is known to have been in the skirmish before Richmond on the 7th of October,
1864, and has not been heard of since. If he has been taken prisoner, it is
hoped that, through mention in our papers, he may become aware of his father's
great anxiety to hear of him before returning to Africa.
THE HARPERS will immediately
issue the " History of Julius Caesar," by the Emperor Louis NAPOLEON, from the
advance sheets bought in London.
The same house has just published
the second and last volume of the "Autobiography and Correspondence of Lyman
Beecher." It is a thoroughly American book. Dr. BEECHER'S character and career
were peculiarly those of the American Puri-tan, and his history is full of
interest in many ways. As a sketch of the religious movement of a half century
it is very valuable, while the shrewd eye and wide sympathy of his children, who
contribute much of the material for the biography, give us many delightful
glimpses of country clerical life during the same period.
The late WILLIAM L. STONE was one
of the most eminent of our local historical scholars and authors. His interest
in the Indian annals and our relations with the Indians was profound, and his
knowledge was so extensive and accurate that his works upon the subject have a
permanent value. Mr. STONE'S sympathy was so heartily appreciated by the red men
that the Senecas adopted him as one of their chiefs. For some years before his
death he bad projected a Life of Sir WILLIAM JOHNSON, and had collected abundant
material, including a large portion of Sir WILLIAM'S manuscripts ; but soon
after beginning the biography Mr. STONE died. His son, of the same name, has
piously fulfilled his father's Work, and in two goodly volumes has related the
story of Sir WILLIAM and his times. The material was copious, and has been
conscientiously and skillfully used. Mr. STONE has made a valuable contribution
to the history of the country, and especially to that of New York. If two
volumes seem too much for the subject, we have only to remember that Sir WILLIAM
came to America in 1738, when he was twenty-three years old, and died here in
1774, in his sixtieth year ; and we shall see that his residence included the
most interesting period of our colonial history with the long French and English
wars, which properly pass under the biographer's hand. In all the striking
events of his time upon our side of the sea, Sir WILLIAM was a conspicuous
actor. No man knew the Indians better; nor did the Indians ever trust a white
man more than they trusted him. "He never deceived us," was what they said of
him ; and what can be said of scarcely one of the leading men who dealt with
them. Mr. STONE'S narrative, if it lies much in the forests and upon the
frontier, is picturesquely broken by such episodes as ABERCROMBIE'S campaign and
that of General WOLFE at Quebec, and by constant vivid glimpses of the course of
city and country politics in New York and New England. The whole work has a
charming air of authenticity. It is written in a lucid and quiet style, and with
a tranquil enthusiasm for the subject which alone could have sustained the
author in his long and patient research. (J. MUNSELL, Albany.)
" Tony Butler" (HARPERS) is a
novel of unusual excellence. It deals with the times, and so vividly, that it
has been ascribed to Sir BULWER LYTTON and CHARLES LEVER. It is full of striking
description, of variety, and adventure : the scene shifting from the city to the
country, from Italy to En-gland. Brief and spirited, it is a capital book for
the cars and the club.
" The American Union Speaker," by
JOHN D. PHILBRICK, Superintendent of the Public Schools of Boston, is a good,
solid, handsome book of fresh.
and excellent selections, in
prose and poetry, for declamation in schools and colleges. Those who remember
the American First Class Book will find here enough of the best of its contents
to see that mere novelty is not preferred; while the generous selections from
the most modern and most American of orators will serve as an inspiration of
patriotism and humanity in every school where the volume is used. As a
collection of truly elegant and eloquent extracts it is unsurpassed, while its
peculiarly American character makes it doubly valuable. (TAGGARD & THOMPSON,
"Christian's Mistake," by the
author of "John Halifax" (HARPERS), is one of those tender domestic tales in
which Miss MULLOCK is quite unrivaled. It is simple, natural, and pathetic,
gradually developing into a pleasant and healthful ending : one of the books
which, without preaching in the least, are sure to do good. Clearly printed and
very neatly bound, it is sure of a hearty welcome.
WAR IN NORTH CAROLINA.
ON the 21st
occupied Goldsborough. General Sherman was at Goldsborough on the 22d.
The official report of his
operations since he left Fayetteville up to the 22d shows hard fighting,
resulting in very heavy loss to the enemy in killed and wounded, and over 2000
prisoners in our hands. His own loss he says will be covered by 2500 men since
he left Savannah. Many of them are but slightly wounded. A letter from
Goldsborough says that the scene when Sherman's veterans marched in and met
Schofield's men was enthusiastic beyond description. The gallant fellows had
swept every thing before them, and had at last met their reinforcements and
supplies at a new base, and after having won new victories. Schofield's corps,
it will be recollected, was a part of Sherman's army down to the
The junction of Sherman with
Terry and Schofield took place at Cox's Bridge on the Neuse River, a few miles
west of Goldsborough.
An unofficial dispatch states
that the Fourteenth Corps of Sherman', army had a fight with Hardee at
Averysborough on the 16th inst., in which the latter was handsomely defeated,
leaving all his dead in General Davis's hands, and retreating to Bentonville.
Also, that at Bentonville, on Sunday, the 19th inst., one division of the
Fourteenth Corps was attacked by Johnston, and for a while turned back ; but on
being reinforced, the rest of the divisions drove the enemy back, and during
Sunday night he abandoned Bentonville and fell back across the Neuse River to
Smithfield, some ten miles west of Goldsborough. This dispatch concludes with
the statement that after his repulse at Bentonville, Joe Johnston fell back to
Smithfield, to cover Raleigh. Desertions of North Carolina troops from his army
LEE'S ATTACK ON GRANT'S LINES.
On Saturday, March 25, early in
the morning, four of Lee's divisions, under General Terry, attacked
right before Petersburg. They had at first a partial success, capturing Fort
Steadman and a portion of the line adjacent. They failed, however, in an attempt
on Fort Haskell. The attempts of the Federal troops to regain Fort Steadman
appear to have been unsuccessful at the first, but finally the enemy was
repulsed with great loss in killed, wounded, and prisoners. The following
dispatch from General Parke gives the details of the fight:
CITY POINT, VIRGINIA.—1.30 P.M.,
March 25, 1865.
Hon. Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary
The following dispatch of General
Parke is received from General Meade. U. S. GRANT, Lieut.-General. The enemy
attacked my front this morning, at about 4.30 o'clock, with three divisions,
under command of General Terry.
By a sudden rush they seized the
line held by the Third Brigade, First Division, at the foot of the hill to the
right of Fort Steadman, wheeled and overpowering the garrison, took possession
of the fort.
They established themselves upon
the hill, turning our guns upon us.
Our troops on either flank stood
Afterward a determined attack was
made upon Fort Haskell, which was checked by part of M'Laughlin's brigade,
Wilcox's division, and was repulsed with great loss to the enemy.
The First Brigade of Hartrauft's
division, held in reserve, was brought up, and a check given to any further
One or two attempts were made to
retake the hill, and were only temporarily successful, until the arrival of the
Second Brigade, when a charge was made by that brigade, aided by the troops of
the First Division on either flank, and the enemy were driven out of the fort,
with the loss of a number of prisoners, estimated at about 1600. Two battle
flags have also been brought in.
The enemy also lost heavily in
killed outside of our lines.
The whole line was immediately
reoccupied, and the guns retaken uninjured.
I regret to add that General
M'Laughlin was captured in Fort Steadman.
Our loss otherwise was not heavy.
Great praise is due to Hartrauft
for the gallantry displayed in handling his division, which behaved with great
skill in this its first engagement.
JOHN G. PARKE, Major-General.
According to a later dispatch
from Grant, dated March 27, the battle of the 25th resulted in the following
losses on our side :
Second Corps.—Killed, 51 ;
wounded, 462; missing, 177.
Sixth Corps.--Killed, 47 ;
wounded, 401 ; missing, 80. Ninth Carps.—Killed, 68; wounded, 338 ; missing,
506. Our captures by the Second Corps were 365; by the
Sixth Corps 469 ; and by the
Ninth Corps 1049. The Second and Sixth Corps pushed forward on our extreme left,
and captured the enemy's strong intrenchments and turned his guns against him,
and still held the position. In trying to retake this the battle was continued
until 8 o'clock at night, the enemy losing very heavily. Humphreys estimates the
loss of the enemy in his front at three times his own ; and General Wright, in
his front, as double that of ours. The enemy brought in a flag of truce for
permission to collect his dead, which were between their picket line and their
main line of fortifications. Permission was granted.
WAR IN THE WEST.
Mobile was to have been attacked
on the 24th. A few days will decide the issue at that point. In the mean time
Thomas is organizing a powerful army in Tennessee.
The following dispatch is the
report of a naval enterprise recently undertaken by Lieutenant N. C. Forrest of
the Mississippi Squadron:
FLAG-SHIP " GENERAL BURNSIDE,"
ALABAMA, March 4, 1865.
SIR,—I have the honor to inform
you that I took advantage of the late rise in the Tennessee River and crossed
Elk River Shoals with the flag ship and the General Thomas, and went down to
Muscle Shoals. I came across the rebel General Rhoddy's camp and drove them off,
captured some of their horses with the equipments, and seven bales of cotton. I
destroyed the rebel communications at Lamb's Ferry. A large number of flats,
pontoons, scows, and canoes that I found there I also destroyed.
I then penetrated Elk River and
found a rich and populous country. A great deal of loyal sentiment was
displayed. I am meeting with a great deal of success in endeavoring to encourage
loyal feelings on the south side of the river. The citizens are constantly
coming in from the rebels and taking the oath. From interviews I have had with
prominent men, I think there is no doubt that Alabama will soon return to her
allegiance to the Govern-
ment. Mr. Clements, I have
understood, is endeavoring to become military Governor, and I think will be very
popular with the loyal people of the State.
Very respectfully, your obedient
N. COREAN FORREST, Lieutenant
Commanding 11th Div. Miss. Squadron.
General Hartrauft, on the
rcommendation of General Grant, has been promoted to be a Major-General by
brevet, for conspicuous gallantry in repulsing and driving back the enemy from
the lodgment made on our lines last Saturday.
Major-General Gibbons, of the
gallant old Second Corps, and who has since General Ord's appointment to the
command of the Department had the temporary charge of the Twenty-fourth Corps,
has received his regular appointment as commandant of that corps.
The President has ordered Brevet
Major-General Anderson to
raise over Fort Sumter, at the hour of noon, on the
14th of April, the same United States flag that floated over it at the time of
the rebel assault, and that it be saluted with 100 guns from Sumter, and from
every fort and rebel battery that there fired upon Sumter; also that suitable
military ceremonies be performed under the direction of Major-General W. T.
Sherman, whose operations compelled the evacuation of Charleston, or, in his
absence, under the direction of General Gillmore, commanding that military
department ; and also that the naval forces at Charleston be directed to
participate in the ceremonies; and that Rev. Henry Ward Beecher be invited to
deliver a public address on the occasion.
The whole of the first issue of
the seven-thirty loan has been taken up by the people. The investments of the
people in this issue within six weeks have reached the enormous sum of one
hundred and sixty-one millions a fact unprecedented in the history of popular
The oldest officer now in our
army is Adjutant G. Peacocks, whose commission bears date March 31, 1783.
General Thomas says, in his official report, that from Sept. 7 to Jan. 20, four
and a half months, his captures numbered 13,189 men, including seven general and
1000 other officers, and 72 pieces of artillery. Over 2000 deserters were
received, and a great deal of valuable ammunition and other war material was
captured. Our own losses, of all sorts, are under 10,000.
The forces in front of our
Petersburg lines are the same that have been there ever since the corps came
from the Valley, viz. ; A. P. Hill's corps on the rebel right ; Gordon's corps,
formerly Early's, resting on the rebel left; with a couple of divisions, one of
which is Bushrod Johnson's, lying between the James and the Appomattox.
Longstreet has two divisions belonging to his old corps on the north side of the
The President last Saturday had a
distant view of the rebel forces before our lines at Petersburg. While going to
witness a review with General Grant he stopped at a fort within eye shot of the
extreme front, and from its parapet took a survey of the field. At one point in
his excursion Mr. Lincoln was within six miles of Richmond. Major-General George
Crook has been ordered to report to General Grant for assignment to command. He
will probably succeed General Kautz in the command of the cavalry division on
the north of the James, the entire cavalry force being once more under the
On the 28th of February, at the
close of the carnival, at Port-au-Prince, there was to have been a performance
in the evening at the theatre, but in lighting the lamps, through some
carelessness, the scenery caught fire. The building was soon destroyed, and the
flames spread from house to house, until four hundred houses were destroyed,
involving a loss of forty to fifty millions of Haytian dollars, and depriving
hundreds of persons of their homes. The fire, though lasting only six hours,
destroyed the most active business part of the city. There were but a few fire
engines, and such a scarcity of axes that hardly any thing could be done to
arrest the progress of the flames. The consternation of the people was great for
several days after the fire. The city was patroled by guards. The Government is
taking measures to assist the sufferers, and a general subscription has been
opened for their benefit.
The Post-office Route Agent
between Charleston and Branchville, South Carolina, has applied to the
Post-office Department for services rendered after the secession of the State.
Of the 110 rebel officers
captured at Fort Steadman, and sent to the Old Capitol, four were colonels, two
lieutenant-colonels, six majors, eight captains, and ninety lieutenants,
representing not less than forty rebel regiments that were engaged in the
General Kautz, commanding
cavalry, Army of the James, has been relieved and ordered to report to General
Weitzel. General M'Kenzie, of the Army of the Potomac, succeeds him.
An average of $350 a day is being
paid to rebel deserters for the muskets they bring in.
ON the 13th of March an important
debate took place in the British Parliament on the defenses of Canada and the
probability of a war with America. The debate ostensibly arose out of the
supposed proposal made during the recent conference between the Confederate
agents and the Federal authorities. Mr. S. Fitzgerald began the debate by
calling attention to the report of Colonel Jervois on the defenses of Canada.
Mr. Foster objected that the expense of thorough fortification would be almost
fabulous. He believed that the apprehension of war was unfounded.
Then Mr. Disraeli arose. We can
not report his speech in full, but give a few extracts. He said:
"I am not of opinion that in the
event of the termination of the American War we should be placed in any in,
mediate danger of coming into collision with that Government owing to our
connection with Canada. I do not believe that the citizens of the United States
of the North, even if entirely and completely victorious, will feel inclined to
enter immediately into another struggle with a Power not inferior in
determination and in resources to the Southern States of America. The democracy
of America must not be confounded with the democracy of the Old World. It is not
formed of the scum. of turbulent cities, neither is it merely a section of an
exhausted middle class which speculates in stocks and calls that progress. It is
a territorial democracy. Now, being a territorial democracy, their character has
been formed and influenced in a manner by the property with which they are
connected, and by the pursuits they follow; and a sense of responsibility
arising from the reality of their possessions may much influence their political
conduct. And I believe they are very much more inclined to welcome the returning
laborers to their fields, to see around them the products of the earth, and to
behold happiness in those house holds to which they are so much attached, than
to plunge into the misery of a new and terrible war." Mr. Disraeli then went on
to say that great changes had taken place in the United States during the war.
There had been greater centralization. He thought this would be continued after
the war, on account of the new element introduced into society by the
emancipation of a class who, being free, would yet be debarred from respect, and
would be discontented. He then continued: " It is impossible to know what
relations may exist between the United States, this country, and her Majesty's
dependencies on the other side of the Atlantic. The question we have to ask
ourselves is, is this country prepared to renounce her American dependencies and
colonies, or are we to retain that tie? Now, if these colonies expressed a wish
to separate the connection, and if they preferred to be absorbed by the United
States, we might terminate our connection with dignity and without disaster. But
if, on the other hand, those views are just which are more generally accepted if
there should be on the part of Canada and the other North American colonies a
sincere and deep desire to form a considerable state and develop its resources,
and to preserve the patronage and aid of England until that mature hour when we
shall lose our dependency, but gain a permanent ally and friend then it would be
the greatest political blunder that can be conceived for us to renounce,
relinquish, and avoid the responsibility of maintaining our interests in Canada
at the present moment. If, from considerations of expense, we were to quit the
possessions that we now occupy in North America, it would be ultimately, as
regards our resources and wealth, as fatal and disastrous a step as could
possibly be taken."
Mr. Bright said that there was no
power in England capable of defending Canada against the United States. He did
not apprehend a war.
Viscount Palmerston thought the
debate would have great value. It would show Americans that the disposition of
England was not hostile to their country. There was nothing, he thought, to
indicate the probability of a war; but it was still the duty of England to
afford to Canada the most perfect defense which was possible. He said: " We have
no complaint to make of the Government of the United States; they have acted in
a fair and honorable manner in all the matters that may have arisen between us.
No doubt there are claims which they have put forward, not urging them at
present, but laying the ground for their discussion at some future time. No
doubt, also, we have claims upon them which we do not put forward at present,
but have announced to be claims which at some future time may be discussed. But
I should trust that we both feel it to be for the interest ay, and for the honor
of the two countries that peace should be preserved, and that matters of this
sort ought to be capable of a friendly and amicable adjustment. All I can say is
that the Government, as long as they continue to be chargeable with the conduct
of affairs, will do every thing that the honor and interests of the country
permit them to do to maintain inviolate the relations of peace and friendship
between the two countries."