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Robert E. Lee
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Robert E. Lee Portrait
perils and sufferings and wants
of the army and navy. His sympathy and admiration are not of the month, but of
the heart; and his call for a ready and cheerful response to the summons for
more men is that of a man who feels what he says, and who is as sure of the
patriotism of others as he is of his own.
MANY years since some worthy
citizens of Philadelphia gave Commodore DECATUR a massive silver wine cooler in
testimony of their admiration and respect. A few days ago some worthy citizens
of New York presented Vice-Admiral
FARRAGUT with fifty thousand dollars in
The massive silver wine cooler,
after some years, was exposed for sale in Philadelphia, and was finally bought
by a distinguished citizen of Albany.
The difference in the character
of the gifts does not show a difference of generosity, but of the times. Let us
rejoice that the days of honorable silver tea kettles and of grateful punch
bowls to public benefactors have passed away, and those of solid, substantial
rewards have dawned. It is impossible, indeed, to contemplate the DECATUR wine
cooler without remembering that it was intended merely as a symbol of honor and
recognition which could not be estimated in money, and would even be injured by
the attempt to represent it in that way. But such a sentiment, although
honorable, was mistaken. For the Government stock is also merely a symbol.
Nobody supposes that it represents the value of the Vice-Admiral's services,
which are entirely incalculable. It is equally an honor with the vases and the
kettles and the wine coolers of an earlier day, but it is not, like them, an
It has long been the practice in
England to reward eminent public service in the army and navy by the most
valuable honors. The palace of Blenheim is monument of British gratitude; and of
the other famous men who were honored and enriched by public gratitude NELSON
and WELLINGTON are among the most conspicuous. But rewards are not confined to
military or naval success in England. In the great universities there are
fellowships which are prizes for superior scholarship. The fellowship entitles
the holder to a home in the college and a certain stipend contingent upon his
taking orders in the Church and remaining single. The literary fund, from which
certain authors receive an annual pittance from the Government, is a poor
recognition of the same principle, which is simply this, that those who truly
benefit the nation are entitled to some degree of national support.
It will hardly be contended that
it is a demoralizing system, for the service must be conspicuous and
unquestionable. The sense of power and the desire of fame are too intimately
allied to be disturbed by any lower influence. MARLBOROUGH was not a respectable
character, yet he was a great General, not because he hoped for Blenheim, but
because he had genius and obeyed its law. Blenheim rewarded success. It could
never have inspired it.
The New Year's gift to
Vice-Admiral FARRAGUT, and the intended testimony to Captain WINSLOW and to
General SHERDMAN are good and generous signs of a public gratitude that will not
forget its other noble servants, nor satisfy its gratitude with the presentation
of silver pitchers and pretty swords.
" The American Boy's Book of
Sports and Games" (DICK & FITZGERALD) is the book of books for a boy's holiday
gift. It is all that the " Boy's Own Book" was twenty years ago, with the
natural improvements and enlargements of the subsequent time. Its six or seven
hundred engravings—its accurate and copious descriptions of all kinds of outdoor
and indoor games for every season—its instructions in parlor magic and in all
manly exercises, with its convenient form, make it at once a cyclopedia and a
manual. It is a unique and invaluable boy's companion.
" Poems David Gray, with a Memoir
of his Life" (ROBERTS & BROTHERS, Boston). Three years ago this winter a young
Scotchman named DAVID GRAY, twenty-three years old, died at the house of his
father, a hand loom weaver, eight miles from Glasgow. He was early conscious of
poetic power, and morbidly anxious for fame as a poet. From the depths of
poverty he burst away to London; appealed to the sympathy of MILNES and SIDNEY
DOBELL, who truly befriended him; and he was very soon back again dying of
consumption in his father's cottage. He gave himself to death and forgetfulness
with a tender resignation, and lived only lung enough to see the proof sheets of
some of his verses. He died, and they were published in England, and are
reprinted in this pretty volume. They are not to be set aside as the feeble
wailings of consumptive poverty ; for although DAVID GRAY strikes no master
chord, there is a touching poetical emotion in his verse which will keep his
name with those of KIRKE WHITE and CHATTERTON.
" History of the Methodist
Episcopal Church in the United States" (CARLTON & PORTER, New York). This able
and careful work, the two first volumes of which are now offered to the public,
from the pen of Dr. ABEL STEVENS,
already known as the author of a popular history of Methodism. The two volumes
now published bring the history of the Church down to nearly the close of the
eighteenth century. Notwithstanding the many difficulties attending the work,
the chief of which is the paucity and inaccuracy of documentary matter, Dr.
STEVENS has succeeded in presenting a very comprehensive and interesting history
of the period included within the scope of these two volumes.
COME the shadows deepening
slowly, Come the night winds singing lowly, Come the memories overcast
Of the unforgotten past.
Comes there to my listless
seeming, In between my doubt and dreaming, Flinging back the folds of night, One
sweet vision crown'd with light.
For a little gracious minute
Heaven is open'd, and within it
Sings a white and saintly maiden, Lost to me, but found to Aidenn.
Ah ! when she kept her tryst with
me The blossoms budded on the tree; As whisperingly she told her love The
sunlight kiss'd her from above;
The sun set crimson on the sea,
The silver mists came o'er the lea, And still we told the sweet tale o'er, And
dream'd upon the silent shore.
But the glorious summer light Is
blotted grimly by the night; And the sweetest flowers that blow Lie buried
underneath the snow.
I remember, in my sorrow,
One to-day without a morrow,
When the angels call'd her
sister, Took her in their arms and kiss'd her.
In the silence memories taunt me,
In the gloom these dead dreams
haunt me; But amidst the shades of night Sings a maiden, robed in light.
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
NOTES AND QUERIES.
INFANS.—We do not know whether
more Williams are born in December than in any other month, but we think it not
improbable from the number of little Bills one meets with.
JUVENIS.—It is not usual to kiss
a young lady when you are introduced to her for the first time. If you take your
hat into a room when you call, you are not expected to sit on it.
SENEX.—We can not recommend any
certain cure for a bald head, except cutting it oil. The operation is painful,
STRANGE PHENOMENA IN PRIVATE
The aged lady who recently sewed
her old umbrella was rewarded last week with a crop of parasols.
A tall, thin, square-built
gentleman was seen walking down Broadway one afternoon, a few days ago, when all
of a sudden he was observed to turn round.
Foote fell asleep while Opie was
taking his portrait. On leaving, the painter pressed the wit to give him another
sitting. "On one condition," said Foote, " that you do not give me another
A "POSER" FOR MILITARY HEROS.—How
can fields be won—one?
ADDRESSED TO JENKINS.—When the
butler marries the housekeeper may he be said to lead her to the high menial
STRANGE CURATE. "Where does this
path go to, my man ?
HALF-WITTED RUSTIC. "Don't know
where 'e goes to, but'e's generally 'ereabouts this time o' day."
Tun WRONG END OF IT.—A very
terrific story of Oriental jealousy and cruelty was lately going the rounds of
the papers. It turns out to be without foundation; in fact, instead of there
having been a head cut off, It was only a tale.
EPITAPH ON AN ANGLER--" Hooked
A LEGAL QUERY, AND ITS
ANSWER.--Where are Petitions filed? At Sheffield
What tree does a person resemble
who is tired of the Irish melodies?—The sick-o'-Moore, of comae.
A SOLDIER ON THE DRAFT.
The clouds of war were
bright'ning fast As through the land a message passed: It came from good old
Uncle Sam--Dated Washington—signed Abraham.
Its purport was, as you must
That the boys at home should a
soldiering go, And it made them shiver as they read it o'er, And stared at the
three hundred thousand more.
"I'm sick," says one; "I'm sick,
you see; Soldiering never will do for me.
So I'll rack my brains and hatch
a plan To get my name from the enrolling man."
" And I," says another—"I'd like
to go, But I've got a corn on my little toe; I've got a loose tooth, and so, you
see, Soldiering never 'll do for me."
Another says, "I'd like to fight,
But I have a difficulty with my
sight ; I'm hard of hearing too, you see; So soldiering never 'll do for me."
Another coolly talks of the
For he's got a substitute, and
got him fast; So he talks very bravely, for he doesn't fear Uncle Abe or drafts
for at least a year.
Now, boys, we'll give you a
little advice: Before you're ailing consider twice;
Uncle Sam wants men, and some
must go To fill the ranks and fight the foe.
Then, boys, just think this
question o'er; Don't be scared at the thousands more; But remember that each of
you to a man Is part and parcel of Uncle Sam.
A Goon MAN FOR A LONG VOYAGE.—A
A Goon THRASHING-MACHINE FOR
FAMILY USE.—The broomstick.
A saw-filer in the country puts
out a sign in the form of a hand-saw, with the words, " Saw Dentist" painted on
QUESTION FOR ASTRONOMERS Is the
dog star a sky terrier, or merely a carrier in the sky?
Who was the biggest Don that,
ever lived?—The Mastodon.
PROVERBS FOR THE HIPPOPHAGISTS.—The
proper place for the horse is in the carte.
Put the most ignorant man in the
world in irons, and he will soon comprehend the meaning of " Lock on the Human I
THE WIND-PIPE.—Pipes, ay
anti-tobacconists, are all more or less injurious. Some pipes, such as wooden
pipes, have, it is pretended, an asthmatical tendency, affecting the breath more
than others. Among these must be reckoned the sailors favorite pipe, the
hornpipe, when indulged in too violently.
NEW FASHION.—It is proposed to
make the Opera-crush-hats of a more durable and cheaper stuff, called '" Rep."
If this idea is ever fully developed, the fashionable gentry of our highly
civilized nineteenth century will be walking about the streets, like
Snake-charmers, with Rep-tiles on their heads.
A FACT IN NATURAL HISTORY.–Camels
are not common in Ireland, but if you take a certain musical instrument into a
certain Irish county, it immediately becomes a drum o' Derry. The author of this
valuable piece of information has since blown his brains out with an ear
CANNIBALISM' $500 reward.
Missing, an elderly gentleman with green spectacles. The last time he was seen,
we are informed, he was Seating himself leisurely in the Park !
Poets sing about the "peaceful
stars of night," and yet every one of them is a magnificent revolver.
The cognizance of Russia is a
bear, but considering the designs of that empire upon the Ottomans, it ought to
be a Turkey gobbler.
QUITE A MIS-NOMER--Calling a
drinking-cup a gobble it.
1 Tea is so scarce in the South
that they haven't even drawings of it, and there are no grounds for supposing
that they have any coffee.
EPITAPH ON A CRICKETER. – " Oyer
A gallant was lately sitting
beside his beloved, and being unable to think of any thing to say, asked her why
she was like a tailor? "I don't know," said she, with a pouting lip, "unless it
is because I'm sitting beside a goose."
SPIRITUAL MANIFESTATIONS.-In our
opinion—and we say it in all earnestness, And not in levity—the only "spirit
hand" capable of being seen by mortals is" the hand of Providence," so plainly
visible in every work of creation.
The best kind of agricultural
WHY is a lady witness summoned to
court like a vessel fastened to her dock!—Because she is bound to a pier.
EXPLANATION WANTED.--Explain the
theory of boxing the compass. Can it be done without gloves? Would it be
advisable to touch it in the wind?
A HUMBLE COMPARISON.--A medical
practitioner, paying a professional visit the other day to the wife of a farm
laborer who had been afflicted for many years with rheumatism of an acute
character, interrogated his patient as to whether there was any improvement in
her health since his last visit. His interrogation was promptly answered by the
poor woman with, "Ohl doctor, I feel so queery like: I feel just like a boiled
onion." "How so?" feelingly remarked her medical adviser. " Why," answered she,
casting a furtive glance at her questioner, " because I have lost nearly all my
strength." The poor woman's analogy was readily understood by the doctor, who
Why is a pine-tree like the
distance between Petersburg and Richmond ?—Because it is not fir.
ONE WAY OF RISING IN THE
A Jersey physician, while playing
cards, fell off his chair in a fit. After half an hours steady application of
remedies he recovered, and immediately inquired, " What are trumps?"
"This is booty indeed," remarked
one of the late raiders, after appropriating a portion of the stock of a
Southern shoe store.
WIFE. "When, my dear, is the
longest day?" HUSBAND. "When, my ' poppets; you're away !"
MOTTO—" Do others, or you'll be
A REGULAR MAKE-SHIFT–The Sewing
The record of news for the week
contains no very important events. Congress has been adjourned for the holidays,
and the only very interesting item of military news is the attempted siege of
Fort Fisher. We have elsewhere given the details of Burbridge's raid into
South-western Virginia, and of
Sherman's occupation of Savannah.
THE STATE GOVERNMENT.
At noon, January 2, Governor
Fenton assumed his new official position as Chief Magistrate of the State of New
Governor Seymour made a courteous address on the occasion, to which
Governor Fenton briefly replied.
The State Legislature met on the
3d. The Senate was organized with Lieutenant-Governor Thomas G. Alvord in the
chair. In the Assembly the Hon. G. G. Haskins was elected Speaker.
The Governor's Message gives
proof of his earnest zeal in behalf of the Union, at the same time that it
reveals an intense interest in all the affairs of the State of New York.
From this Message we learn that
the deficit in the revenue of the general fund has been reduced within the
fiscal year ending September 30, 1864, by the sum of over $300,000, leaving the
remaining deficit $863,814. The State debt is now $6,278,954, a reduction during
the year of nearly a quarter of a million of dollars. The Governor urges some
important measures, among which are an appropriation to the Agricultural
College; a law submitting the resolutions for an amendment to the Constitution,
creating a court of " Commissioners of Appeals" to the people, and an amendment
in the law for the registration of voters.
We have engraved on page 23 a map
of the scene of
General Butler's and Admiral Porter's operations at the mouth of
Cape Fear River. We have Admiral Porter's report, giving an account of the
operations of the fleet. Great hopes seem to have been built up on the success
of a new contrivance for moving upon the enemy's works. The Louisiana had been
converted into a monstrous torpedo, charged with an amount of powder " supposed
to be sufficient to explode the powder magazines of the fort,"
and placed under the command of
Commander A. C. Rhind. It was intended, previous to the attack, to explode this
torpedo in close proximity to Fort Fisher, and thereby paralyze the garrison and
materially injure the defensive works.
Porter sailed from Beaufort
December 18 for the rendezvous, which was twenty miles east of New Inlet. He
there food Butler on hand with the transports. A gale from the southwest set in
so heavily on the 20th that Porter determined to ride it out. The transports had
to put back to Beaufort, so that when a favorable gale afforded, Porter was on
hand, and Butler out of sight. It was a little after midnight, on the morning of
the 24th, that the torpedo was exploded. This preliminary affair was an utter
die. appointment. Indeed, the garrison in Fort Fisher supposed the explosion to
be nothing more than the blowing up of one of our gun-boats. " The shock," says
Porter, " was nothing like so severe as was expected. It shook the vessels some,
and broke one or two glasses, but nothing more."
At daylight, the same day, the
attack was opened from the fleet. The principal vessels engaged were the
Iron-sides, Canonicus, Mahopac, Monadnoc, Minnesota, Colorado, Mohican,
Tuscarora, Wabash, Susquehanna, Brooklyn, Powhatan, Juniata, Seneca, Shenandoah,
Patuxent, Ticonderoga, Mackinaw, Maumee, Yantic, Kansas, Iosco, Quaker City,
Monticello, Rhode Island, Sassacus, Chippewa, Oceola, Tacony, Pontoosuc,
Santiago de Cuba, Fort Jackson, and Vanderbilt, having a reserve of small
vessels, consisting of the Aries, Howqua, Wilderness, Cherokee, A. D. Vance,
Anemone. Eclus, Gettysburg, Alabama, Keystone State, Banshee, Emma Lillian,
Tristram Shandy, Britannia, Governor Buckingham, and Nasemond.
Fort Fisher, the capture of which
was the main object of the expedition, is situated on Federal Point, a narrow
strip of land north of New Inlet. It is a strong earth work, commanding the
entrance to Cape Fear River. It has attached to it a system of isolated
batteries and rifle pits running from the main work down to the extremity of the
Point. The three sides of the fort toward the water are very strong, and
defended by heavy batteries. The eastward front is seaward, and is the
strongest. The main wall is about eight feet high, with a ditch in front, and is
mounted with several of Brooks's rifled guns, protected by traverses, beneath
which are the bomb proof quarters for the gunners.
At the very extremity of the
Point is a mound battery. It consists of a mound thirty feet in height, and
plated with railroad iron. In the river at the rear of the fort spiles have been
driven to obstruct the passage of our fleet. The coast is lined with batteries
from Federal Point to Masonborough Inlet, a distance of thirteen miles. The most
important of these is Half Moon Battery, a short distance above the point where
Butler landed. On Oak Island Fort Caswell is situated, commanding the channel
between Oak and smith's islands.
The guns of Fort Fisher made no
reply to Porter's until after a bombardment of over an hour. Two magazines had
been exploded, and the fort had been set on fire in several places. The
bombardment was continued steadily during the day. At night Butler appeared with
his transports. The result of the day's operations had been a partial success.
According to General Bragg's statement the casualties among the garrison
amounted to twenty-three. Porter says of the bombardment, "it was impossible for
any thing human to stand it." On the Federal side not a man had been hurt by the
enemy. But some distressing casualties had occurred front the explosion of six
100-pound Parrott guns. Nearly fifty were killed and wounded from this cause.
The next day Butler's command,
consisting of nearly 7000 men, began to land under cover of seventeen gun-boats,
the fleet in the mean while silencing the guns of Fort Fisher. The army landed
five miles east of the position taken by the fleet. Only about 3000 were landed.
No assault was made, neither Generals Weitzel nor Butler deeming it practicable.
Butler says, " We found 17 guns, only two of which had been dismounted,
protected by traverses and bearing upon the beach, which did not afford room for
a thousand men in line of battle."
A daring reconnoissance was made.
Hog-Pond Battery, opposite the place of landing, had been captured at the
outset, and sixty-five men and two officers taken prisoners. Weitzel advanced
his skirmish line to within fifty yards of the fort, the garrison of which were
kept in their bomb proofs by the fire of the fleet. Three or four men even
ventured upon the parapet, and through the sally-port, capturing a horse,
killing an orderly, and bringing off the flag of the fort. These facts were
given in a letter written by Butler to Porter. The latter appears to have
differed with the military commanders as to the practicability of an assault. He
says, in his reply to Butler, "I wish some more of your gallant fellows had
followed the officer who took the flag from the parapet, and the brave fellow
who brought the horse out from the fort. I think they would have found it an
easier conquest than is supposed."
On the 26th the troops were
withdrawn. Admiral Porter still remained with his fleet.
On the 31st of December, the Hon.
George M. Dallas, formerly Vice-President of the United States, died suddenly in
Philadelphia, in the 74th year of his age.
On the 22d of December the
steamship North America, of Philadelphia, from New Orleans to New York, Captain
C. P. Marshman, foundered at sea. She left New Orleans on the 16th, with 203
sick soldiers on board, 12 cabin passengers, and a crew of 24 men. One hundred
and ninety seven lives were lost.
Jefferson Davis, December 24,
issued a manifesto recognizing the Canadian raid on the steamer Michigan as a
belligerent act, undertaken under the authority of the Confederate States.
ON the 8th of December a numerous
deputation of friends of the United States waited upon Mr. Adams to congratulate
President Lincoln's re-election. Sir Charles Lyell, who is well informed
on American affairs, made a speech on the occasion, in which he expressed his
conviction that our civil war is a struggle between a lower and higher
civilization. To him as to many others the power of resistance which the South
had displayed was surprising. He thought, however, that this very stubbornness
of opposition had insured the overthrow of slavery.
The Spectator mentions a letter
from North Carolina by a strong Southerner to a friend in Manchester, giving a
very gloomy picture of the feeling of the people. He speaks of having written
very differently in previous letters, and admits that the tone of this will
"surprise" his correspondent. The fall of Atlanta had, however, he said, thrown
a general gloom over the Confederacy. "Despair is settling upon the people, and
I firmly believe that if they were left to themselves they would accept terms
and re-enter the Union as the only alternative to national ruin." He adds that
he has now no hope of any terms less stringent than the complete extinction of
slavery. Since this letter was written Hood has been defeated, and Sherman has
successfully taken the first step in his victorious campaign.
A trial of considerable political
importance has recently been concluded in France. Thirteen gentlemen were
arraigned for sedition because they met at the house of M. Gamier Pages,
previous to the last general election, to confer on the best means of securing a
return of certain Opposition candidates. This, it was claimed, was in opposition
to the imperial edict of 1852, forbidding associations of this character.
Strictly speaking the edict was not violated, as less than twenty persons were
present at the meeting. They were found guilty by the Police Court. From this
tribunal they appealed to the Cour Imperiale, where the judgment was confirmed.
This, it would seem, settles forever the illegality of political association in
France. For these men were not plotters; they did not meet in secret; indeed
they were not composed of one party alone, but of several. The names of the
accused were Gamier Pages, Carnet, Dreo, Herold, Clamageran, Floquet, Terry,
Durier, Corbon, Joson, Herisson, Heldsheim, and Bory.
M. Mocquard, the French Emperor's
private Secretary, died December 9. He was born in 1799, and has been an earnest
supporter of the Bonaparte family throughout his career.