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(Previous Page) the country, " Here is a hymn
which we think ought to be the national hymn." But suppose that the country had
not thought so ! The sole satisfied person would then have been the one who
received the cash premium.
It should be said also, in regard
to the book which Mr. White has prepared, that the Committee expressly reserved
the right to publish the songs which seemed to them really good, even if not
entirely suitable for the purpose, in case there were no objection upon the part
of the authors. They expressly did not bind themselves to give any prize ; nor
to give a prize to the best offered; nor to refrain from publication of such as
should be selected. If any author sent a hymn for competition without first
consulting the conditions, it was certainly not the fault of the Committee.
The book vindicates the final
action of the Committee. Whatever may be the merit of the specimens published,
it is evident that none of than are likely to be taken by the popular heart as
the song of the nation. That such will come is possible. That it will not be an
answer to any other advertisement than the standing advertisement which consists
of the natural desire and love of good poetry and stirring song is probable.
That some chance-born melody, like Dixie or Yankee Doodle, may be whistled, and
sung, and tooted, and ground all over the land, until it is in a manner
national, is a fact of experience. And when we have had for a long time an
organized army ; when the spirit of the country is as military as for many years
it is likely to be, then the " tune" which is most popular, and which is
universally played by all its bands, at all its posts, and along all its lines,
and which is associated with some act of heroic daring and triumph, will
doubtless become the melody of a national hymn.
ONE of the most striking passages
in Mr. White's book upon National Hymns is that in which he speaks briefly of
the personification of the British genius in John Bull. Mr. White finds that
this type came in with the Revolution of '88. John Bull was neither the
gentleman of the Tudors nor the Cavalier of the Stuarts; but he dates from the
Georges and the Hanoverian succession. He is the representative rural
Englishman, the prize farmer, and country squire. He typifies profound
selfishness, slow wit, inveterate prejudice, insular jealousy, and the vulgarity
The vein which Mr. White opens is
certainly worth working. It would be a curious national "study for the times" to
see how justly John Bull typifies the average British character. A waggish
friend of Mr. White's—if the author be not himself the wag—sends him this
parody, which is a palpable hit:
"God save me, great John Bull !
Long keep my pockets full!
God save John Bull! Ever
Haughty, vainglorious, Snobbish,
God save John Bull!
"O Lords, our Gods, arise!
'Tax' all our enemies!
Make tariffs fall! Confound
French politics, Frustrate all Russian tricks, Get Yankees in a 'fix,'
God 'bless' them all!
"Thy choicest gifts in store, On
me, me only, pour, Me, great John Bull! Maintain oppressive laws,
Frown down the poor man's cause,
So sing with heart and voice, I,
great John Bull!"
THE ASTRONOMER SONTAG.
A LATE article of the Lounger's
confounded the astronomer Sontag, who died upon the Haves' expedition, with
Sontag the painter. The following note is front " a friend of the deceased Dr.
August Sontag:" "You mistake the person who died
at Port Foulke for the artist and landscape painter Sontag. August Sontag, a
native of Altona, Germany ,was an astronemer and naturalist. He obtained at an
early age the academical honor of a Doctor Philosophiae. The desire to enlarge
his knowledge bro't him over to this country shortly before the
during which he was attached to the corps of topographical engineers. He was an
active and valuable member of the first Grinnell expedition in search of Captain
John Franklin; joined afterward the expedition of the lamented Dr. Elisha K.
Kane ; went the year after his return with the Baron de Mueller to explore
Yucatan and the great volcanic mountain chain of Mexico, and obtained, finally,
a situation In the Dudley Observatory, whence he again connected himself with
the expedition under Dr. Hayes.- He was not much of an artist and draughtsman,
and you would in vain
expect sketches from him. Sontag
the artist and landscape painter is still alive, and not a thousand miles from
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
A YOUTHFUL INDISCRETION.-What is
the difference between spermaceti and a school-boy's howl ?—One is the wax
produced by the whale, and the other is the wail produced by the whacks.
SOLUTION OF A CHESS
PROBLEM.—Those who watched the great chess match between Mr. Paulsen and his ten
opponents at the Cigar Divan have particularly admired the coolness with which
the German played his game. Very proper, too, for we all know how dangerous it
is to receive a check during a perspiration.
PRIZE CONUNDRUM (from Hanwell).—Why
is a man unable to walk because his leg is broken like a door that won't open or
shut easily?—Because both cases are the result of a hinge awry.
ENCUMBERED ESTATES BILL.—What
circumstance will always prevent an Englishman from becoming an Irish landed
proprietor?—Because when he goes there to buy land he can only go to 'Ireland.
A NEW EMPLOYMENT.—Mr. Brown met
an acquaintance the other day, who was stretching it along at an awful pace, as
if he had the business of a nation depending upon his rapid haste. "You appear
to be in a hurry," said Brown; "what business presses?" "Oh, ah, how are you?"
said his friend, "I've a deal of matters to look after. I'm in the employ of
Leggett, Walker, and Doolittle, an important firm! they employ no less than a
thousand clerks just at this time." "What is your department?" " Measuring
curb-stones for the corporation." The fact is, Brown's friend was a walking
gentleman out of employment.
Bill Smith, "a character" in more
ways than one, and especially noted for his flights of eloquence, spoke as
follows upon the question: Which is man's greatest safe-guard, the dog or the
gun? Bill espoused the cause of the dog; and after pronouncing an affecting
eulogy upon that noble animal, he demolished his adversaries, and "brought down
the house," by the following brilliant passage:
"Soposin' for a momentary moment
that you was a traveling: and suppose, Sir, that night was to overtake you, and
you should have to encamp out in some dark, howling wilderness! and in the black
midnight, when you laid fast asleep in the arms of Metamorpheus a b'ar, painter,
or some other venonous insect, was to spring upon you, what good would your gun
do you then? But your dog would have said to you by his forewarning
lamentations, Take keer ! look out! he's a coming!' " Decision in favor of the
THE WIDE-AWAKE PRINCE.—"The
Doctor," a famous jockey, who had the contract to furnish thirty horses for time
suite of the Prince of Wales throughout the tour, at eight dollars each per day,
drove Prince Alfred to the Falls of Montmorenci. " The Doctor" remarked to
Alfred, "I drove the Prince of Wales here." "Did you?" said the Prince. '' Yes,
and his Royal Highness gave me this gold watch " "You are a lucky fellow,"
replied Prince Alfred; "that is more than he ever did for me." "The Doctor"
A HEROIC LASS.—A young woman had
laid a wager she would descend into a vault in the middle of the night, and
bring from thence a skull. The person who took the wager had previously hid
himself in the vault, and as the girl seized the skull, cried, in a hollow
"Leave me my head!"
" There it is," said the girl,
throwing it down and catching up another.
"Leave me my head!" said the same
"Nay, nay," said the heroic lass,
"you can not have two heads;" so brought the skull and won the wager.
As Charles II. was dining in
state, he made the celebrated and witty Grammont the remark that he was served
upon the knee, a token of respect not common at other courts. "I thank your
Majesty for the explanation," answered Grammont; "I thought they were begging
pardon for giving you so bad a dinner."
Jones has discovered the
respective natures of a distinction and a difference. He says that "a little
difference" frequently makes many enemies, while "a little distinction" attracts
hosts of friends to the one on whom it is conferred.
A SAILOR'S NOTION. —A sailor who
had been for several years on a foreign station, and had hardly ever been on
shore, asked to have a trip by land, and proceeded to Alverstroke, where, for
the first time, he witnessed a funeral. When he returned on board at night he
could talk of nothing but what he had seen in the church-yard. "Why, what d'ye
think they does with the dead corpses ashore?" said he to a shipmate. "How
should I know?" said the other. "Why then, Bill, may I never stir," replied
Jack, "but they puts 'em up in boxes and directs 'em."
Dr. Johnson once dined with a
Scottish lady who had hotch-potch for dinner. After the Doctor had tasted it she
asked him if it was good. "It is good for hogs, ma'am," said the Doctor. "Then
pray," said the lady, "let me help you to some more."
SEEDY INDIVIDUAL. "I tell you
what, Mrs. Indigo, I can't pay your bill; but I'll marry your daughter and set
up a school."
MOTHER. "No, indeed!"
SEEDY INDIVIDUAL. " Well, then,
give me a receipt and I'll marry you, and set up a wholesale laundry."
DO YOU GIVE IT UP?
Before a circle let appear
Twice twenty-five and five in
One-fifth of eight join, if you
And then you'll form what
We are little airy creatures,
All of different voice and
One of us in glass is set,
Another you will find in jet,
Another you will see in tin,
And a fourth a box within;
But if the last you do pursue,
It will never fly from you.
Why is a waiter like a
Because he often runs for a
What proof have we that King
Charles wished to be beheaded?
Because they axed (asked) him
whether he would or no. Why is a conceited woman like a singing-book? Because
she is full of airs.
Why is a dandy like a haunch of
Because he's a bit of a buck.
When is a bank-note like
When it is forged.
ANOTHER VICTORY IN WESTERN
VIRGINIA. THERE has been a battle between Floyd and the forces of
Rosecrans on the Gauley River; but the accounts thus far received are so meagre
that it is quite uncertain what has really been done. We have intelligence
sufficiently accurate, however, to show that the National arms are still
successful, and to lead no to hope that the rebel and traitor Floyd is fairly
It appears that, on Friday, Floyd
opened fire from two points opposite Gauley Bridge, and succeeded in sinking a
ferry-boat, which, however, was raised again during the same night. No one was
killed on our side during his fire, which was somewhat heavy, though badly
directed, and few were wounded. He had cut a road around a hill where Rosecrans
was encamped; the latter, returning his fire, soon silenced two of his
batteries, and was at the latest accounts about sending a force to attack him in
the rear, so that it was expected that he would be entirely surrounded in a very
On Saturday there was no
fighting; at that time the position of the forces on both sides was as follows :
The rebels had possession of the west bank of New River; General Schenck's
brigade was a few miles above the junction of the Gauley and New rivers; General
Cox's brigade and General Rosecrans were near the junction, between the rivers
and General Benham was below the junction. It was believed by some that Generals
Schenck and Benham would cross the river above and below Floyd, who has 7000
men, and that they would catch him. We look with interest for further
OUR NEW COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF.
Major-General McClellan has
issued the following order :
HEADQUARTERS OF THE ARMY,
WASHINGTON, November 1, 1861.
GENERAL ORDER, No. 19.—In accordance with General Order No. 94 from the War
Department, I hereby assume command of the armies of the United States.
In the midst of the difficulties
which encompass and divide the nation, hesitation and self-distrust may well
accompany the assumption of so vast a responsibility; but, confiding as I do in
the loyalty, discipline, and courage of our troops, and believing, as I do, that
Providence will favor ours as the just cause, I can not doubt that success will
crown our efforts and sacrifices.
The army will unite with me in
the feeling of regret that the weight of many years and the effect of Increasing
infirmities, contracted and intensified in his country's service, should just
now remove from our head the great soldier of our nation; the hero who, in his
youth, raised high the reputation of his country in the fields of Canada, which
he sanctified with his blood; who in more mature years proved to the world that
American skill and valor could repeat, if not eclipse, the exploits of
the land of the Montezumas; whose whole life has been devoted to the service of
his country; whose efforts have been directed to uphold our honer at the
smallest sacrifice of life; a warrior who scorned the selfish glories of the
battle-field when his great qualities as a statesman could be employed more
profitably for his country; a citizen whom his declining years has given to the
world the most shining instance of loyalty, in disregarding all ties of birth,
and clinging still to the cause of truth and honor. Such has been the career and
character of Winfield Scott, whom it has long been the delight of the nation to
honor, both as a man and a soldier. While we regret his loss, there is one thing
we can not regret—the bright example he has left for our emulation. Let us all
hope and pray that his declining yearn may be passed in peace and happiness, and
that they may be cheered by the success of the country and the cause he has
fought for and loved so well. Beyond all that, let us do nothing that can cause
him to blush for us; let no defeat of the army he has so long commanded imbitter
his last years, but let our victories illuminate the close of a life so grand.
GEORGE B. McCLELLAN,
Major-General Commanding U S. A.
GEN SCOTT'S DEPARTURE FROM
WASHINGTON. General Scott left Washington on Saturday afternoon, and reached
Harrisburgh at 10 o'clock, on his way to this city, where he arrived during the
night. Notwithstanding the inclemency of the weather, a large crowd gathered in
Harrisburgh to greet the veteran.
A SPEECH FROM GENERAL McCLELLAN.
The following is the speech of
Major-General McClellan on the presentation of a sword by the Committee of the
City Councils of Philadelphia:
"I ask you, Sir, to give my
warmest and deep thanks to the honorable body you represent for this entirely
unmerited compliment. I could thank you better if I thought that I deserved it,
but I do not feel that I do. Nothing that I have yet accomplished would warrant
this high compliment. It is for the future to determine whether I shall realize
the expectations and hopes that have been centred in me. I trust and feel that
the day is not far distant when I shall return to the place dearest of all
others to me, there to spend the balance of my life among the people from whom I
have received this beautiful gift. The war can not be long. It may be desperate.
I ask in the future forbearance, patience, and confidence. With these we can
accomplish all; and while I know that, in the great drama which may have our
hearts'-blood, Pennsylvania will not play the least, I trust that, on the other
hand, she will play the highest and noblest part.
"I again thank you, and again ask
you to convey to the Councils my most sincere thanks for the sword. Say to them
that it will be my ambition to deserve it hereafter. I know I do not now.
REPORTED REMOVAL OF GENERAL
The Washington correspondents all
state positively that the order, transferring the command of the Western
Military Department from
General Fremont to General Hunter, has been sent to the
former, and has probably reached him. The order is stated to be absolute and
unconditional, and based upon a thorough conviction of Fremont's incapacity as a
General, and of his profligacy in the expenditure of the public money.
Intelligence was received at Washington on 1st from a fugitive that the rebels
had erected strong fortifications at
Centreville, and that their
camps, numbering 50,000 men, extended from
Manassas to within two miles of
Fairfax Court House, having 10,000 at Manassas.
The advance of the grand army of
the West still continues in the direction of Arkansas. General Fremont's
head-quarters on the 28th ult. was located at Camp Lyon,
portions of his command having arrived there safely on the previous day. There
were no professed rebels in the neighborhood—at least none were found. The
and Stripes once more waved over the town, and the troops were enthusiastically
received by the inhabitants. On 29th the advance was at Ozark.
OUR BATTERIES ON THE POTOMAC.
Our batteries on
the Potomac are
going on rapidly to completion. On 4th the guns of one of them were tried on the
rebel steamer George Page, with what result it could not be ascertained. The Resoute, arriving at Washington on 4th, reports that seven of our soldiers have
been wounded by the shot and shells from the batteries at Shipping Point.
THE BATTLES OF THE 21ST.
Monday, the 21st of October, will
be noted in the history of the present rebellion as an eventful day. While our
brave troops were being slaughtered at
Ball's Bluff, in Virginia, the rebel
General Zollicoffer, with six thousand Tennessee secessionists at his back, made
three separate attacks on Camp Wildcat, in Kentucky, and each time was driven
back by General Garrard, with twelve hundred Union men. On that day, also, two
thousand five hundred Union troops, under command of Colonel Plummer,
encountered a body of rebels estimated at five thousand, commanded by Generals
Thompson and Lowe, at Fredericktown, Missouri, and completely routed them.
THE CASE OF THE PRIVATEERS.
The trial of the captain and crew
of the little
privateer Savannah for piracy was concluded last week, the result
being that the jury, after a consultation of twenty hours, could not agree upon
a verdict, four members out of the twelve being in favor of an acquittal, the
remainder considering the prisoners guilty on some of the counts only.
A TEST CASE UNDER THE
The Government, in accordance with its determination to
proceed to the confiscation of private properly belonging to secessionists, has
instituted an action in the case of William Shields, formerly of Washington, but
who, some months ago, removed with his family to Richmond, where he has been
residing ever since, and engaged in the great rebellion against the authority of
the Government. The Marshal of the District of Columbia. has been ordered to
attach the real and personal property of the said Shields, and has notified all
persons claiming the same, or knowing any thing about it, to appear and show
cause why the same should not be confiscated. It is understood that this is to
be a test case.
THE ELECTION IN MARYLAND.
General Dix, commanding the military district of Baltimore, has issued a
proclamation, calling upon the marshals to arrest all parties offering
themselves at the polls
who have been participants, directly or indirectly, in the
rebellion against the Government, many of whom, he understands, intend to
use their influence at the coming election for the purpose of furthering the
interests of the rebels.
ESCAPE OF MASON AND SLIDELL.
Ministers of the rebel Government to France and England, received a very warm
reception in Cuba. It is said that the British Consul at Havana waited on them
in full uniform, and presented them to the Captain-General. The Theodora, which
took them to Cardenas, is reported to have sailed again for Charleston with a
cargo of coffee, arms, and provisions, together with about twenty passengers.
Messrs. Mason and Slidell were about to take passage for Europe in the British
mail steamer of the 6th of November.
RESIGNATION OF THE TRAITOR
John C. Breckinridge has published a Manifesto to the People of
Kentucky. It is dated at
Bowling Green, and he says it is written at the first
moment since his expulsion from home that he could place his feet on the soil of
Kentucky. In it he resigns his seat as a member of the Senate of the United
States, saying, "I exchange, with proud satisfaction, a term of six years, in
the United States Senate for the musket of a soldier." The address is very long,
and is made up of sophisms and misrepresentations. He says "there is no longer a
Senate of the United States within the meaning and spirit of the
Constitution"—"the United States no longer exists—the Union is dissolved."
General A. S. Johnston has been
placed in command of all the rebel forces in Missouri, and has issued a
proclamation forbidding any property leaving the State.
General Van Dorn has been made
the recipient of a superb war steed, magnificently caparisoned, as an evidence
of the admiration and gratitude of the people of Texas.
When General Lovell arrived in
New Orleans, by his own request he was not saluted. He said: "Gentlemen, keep
your powder dry, and spend it on the enemy."
General Hardee has been
commissioned as a Major-General in the rebel army.
REBEL PRISONERS IN BOSTON.
Eight hundred rebel prisoners
Fort Lafayette arrived in Boston on 1st inst., and were received at Fort
Warren by Colonel Dimmick, who commands at that station.
THE TENNESSEE COTTON GROWERS IN
A petition to the Legislature is being circulated in Panola County,
Tennessee, praying that body to pass a law for the purchase of the cotton crop
of the state, and that payment in whole or in part be made by treasury notes ;
that the cotton be pledged for the redemption of the notes. The petitioners
further ask that, if this can not be done for the State at large, that it be
done fur the county of Panola.
INTERVENTION IN MEXICO.
IT is understood that France and
Spain have agreed on a programme of common action against the republic of
Mexico. According to this plan, an allied land force, numbering six thousand
men, is to be thrown into the interior of the country, its commanders having
orders to endeavor to penetrate to the capital itself, provided ample
satisfaction is not given for all the past alleged injuries committed by the
inhabitants of Mexico against the subjects of the Emperor and Queen. It appears
as if the English Government would content itself with supporting this movement
by a strong naval demonstration in the Gulf. All the money claims of the
executive or people of the three governments must be paid by Mexico.
CORONATION OF THE KING OF
The King of Prussia was crowned
with great pomp and splendor at Konigsburg on the 18th ult. At the conclusion of
the ceremony his Majesty delivered a very impressive and animated address. The
king's interview with the Emperor at Compeigne exercises the British papers very
PROGRESS OF DISTURBANCE.
Affairs in Poland grow more and
more threatening. On the occasion of the late Kosciusko demonstration in Warsaw
the military made a descent upon the churches where the people were assembled,
and arrested all who refused to leave them. Many were subsequently released, but
it was asserted that at least two thousand men had been retained in custody, and
were to be drafted into different regiments for the military service. The clergy
had closed the churches, on account of their profanation by the military.
OLD GIRL. " I should like Thick Braids in front,
and Curls and a Loop at the Back!"