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Page) doubts. But it is not to be done without a blow, nor will it be
accomplished before sunset.
A month ago there were many who
were ready to relinquish all for lost, because the Secretary of War called for
the troops to hasten to
Washington. What has happened within that time
to persuade them that the rebellion is a bubble ? This rebellion springs out of
the perception of sagacious political leaders that the interest of
slavery, and with it their power, has forever
lost control of the Government of the United States. They have supposed since
1812 and 1820 that it might, that it probably would, lose that control. They
resolved when the event came which should convince them that the hour had
arrived, to dissolve the Government, peaceably if they could, forcibly if they
must. They could not do it peaceably, and they are trying force. But they will
try it, and they will be conquered only by superior force. Let us remember that.
Let us not suppose that the red cloud which has rolled up from the South is
going to dissolve like a morning vapor. They will resist, perhaps not on
the Potomac, but wherever and however they can
work most harm to their country. For they are cunning and skillful and
desperate. Don't believe any escaping officer from their army who says that they
are only afraid of an attack from us. Don't let them inveigle our soldiers into
any more masked batteries. Our present loose confidence is only the reaction of
the terror of a month ago. If we suffer ourselves to be deceived we deserve to
PATRIOTISM BEFORE PARTY.
IT is not often that a great,
dominant, united political party deliberately renounces its distinctive action,
as the Republican party did at Syracuse. Those who have been in the habit of
considering it peculiarly prejudiced, and even unpatriotic, can no longer deny
that it has taken a more truly noble course than any party in the history of
this country. Its Convention clearly perceived, what the Democratic Convention
refused to allow, that in a moment of national peril party names and policies
and action must be subordinated to the national safety.
It is simply ludicrous to assume,
as the Democratic Convention did, that the Democratic party creed and the
national existence are of equal importance. The Democratic party, as such, is
nothing except the Government be maintained ; and to call it peculiarly the
party of the Government is sure to provoke observation of the fact that the
leading rebels and traitors against the Government were all in the fullest
communion with that party. The one Convention made a party name the test of
patriotism; the other recognized patriotism in every party. The first Convention
said, "If you are a party Democrat, you are a patriot." The second said, " If
you are a patriot, your party name is of no account." If the first be right,
there is, as the election will show, but a corporal's guard of loyal men in the
Empire State. If the second be right, the overwhelming mass of the citizens are
patriotic, whatever their party sympathies may be.
The issue is thus simply made up
before the people. There are but two tickets to vote for. One of them will get
the vote of every strict party man, and of all who secretly think that the
rebels are more than half right. The other will take the votes of men of all
parties who believe that the Government must be unconditionally maintained
against causeless rebellion.
NEW BEDFORD UPON TRUANTS.
THE church and the
school-house—in other words, the conscience and the brain—are said to be the
symbols and the safeguards of our system. If at this moment the pocket is
asserting its claim to consideration as the chief element, there is no question
that it will be put into its proper place, subordinate to the other two. This,
at least, is clear : that without the church and the school-house the
counting-house is sadly unstable ; and as all trade comes down at last to
individual honesty, so all public prosperity is really founded upon private
principle and intelligence. Take those away, and prosperity begins to crumble.
Establish them in any people, and they will presently prosper.
This was always the New England
doctrine. By an old law of Massachusetts Bay no dwelling-house was to be more
than a mile from the meeting-house, and one of the earliest provisions of town
meetings was always the support of the schoolmaster. The good old tradition
survives unimpaired, as the city of New Bedford shows.
That city has lately passed an
ordinance which has the honest ring of two hundred years ago. The law requires
all children in the city between the ages of five and sixteen, and who have no
regular and lawful occupation, to attend some public or private school. All who
fail to comply, and all children of the public schools who are habitual truants,
shall be fined five dollars for each conviction. Those shall be held to be
habitual truants from the public schools who, without sufficient excuse, are
absent three or more times in one term. In place of the fine, the Justice may
send the truants to the Farm School, where they are to be under the control of
the Mayor and Aldermen; who are also to choose, every year, three persons who
shall alone be authorized to make the proper complaint, and to carry the
sentence into execution. If these truant-officers shall find any pupil of the
public schools " loafing" during school hours, without proper excuse, they shall
return the truant to the school, if they do not think fit to prosecute, and
shall inform the parent or guardian. The Judge of Police is to have jurisdiction
This is a simple, direct law. It
may save many a boy from becoming a criminal, and the city and State from many
an expensive burden. It is a very heavy blow at vagrancy of all kinds, and the
best point of it is that it recognizes the duty of every civilized community to
do what it can to help its individual members. When, as will surely be the case
after this war, the Constitution of the United States is made one of the chief
in our schools, this ordinance
will compel every citizen to know something of the fundamental law ; and so far
will make it impossible for any man to say what a member of Congress once told
the Lounger, that he believed there were at least fifty members of the House who
had never read the Constitution.
New England may be prim, but she
is patriotic. She may be very moral, but she is very mighty. To continue the
alliteration, she may be sour, but she is sagacious. In a country where
ignorance is penal, you may look for an unparalleled public and private welfare.
THE DEFENDERS OF THE UNION.
M. KNOEDLER, the successor of
Goupil & Company, has issued a large and handsome lithograph with the title "The
Defenders of the Union." It represents the leading Generals of the United States
Army at a council of war.
General Scott sits in the fore-ground, with his
hand resting upon a map;
McClellan is at the end of the table,
Fremont at the side of Scott ; while Generals
Commodore Stringham, and others, are sitting
and standing around the table. The likenesses are striking, and the execution
spirited and elegant. It is much the best portrait-gallery of Generals that has
yet come to our notice.
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
REGULAR BRIGANDS.—Another Fra
Diavolo, we are informed by accounts from Naples, has turned actual friar, and
founded a new Order of Monks in the interest of Rome, under the name of the
Anthropophagites. The convent fare consists chiefly of roast Liberal—the Liberal
generally having been roasted alive. The brothers are allowed to indulge in this
luxury every day of the week but Friday, when of course they are forbidden to
eat animal food.
The A bend Zeitung says that, in
his recent valedictory address to the readers of the Daily News, " the Hon. Ben
Wood compares himself to Lazarus. ' Like him,' says Mr. Wood, 'I am not dead but
sleeping.' He would have made the comparison much more perfect if he had only
protracted it so as to include the remark made on the occasion alluded to by
Martha to our Saviour, ' Lord, by this time he stinketh.' "
UTILIZING A NUISANCE. — Mount
Vesuvius is showing signs of an eruption. In eruptive cases, we believe, the
doctors "throw in," as they say, a black dose. Cialdini should try a large
"exhibition" of Neapolitan priests. Even if they did the mountain no good, the
country would be all the better for the injection. We would give a trifle to
hear their De Profundis.
UNFELINE CONDUCT.—A painful rumor
got into circulation the other day at Naples, to the effect that the ex-Queen
had committed suicide. The impression was, however, dispelled, and also
accounted for, by the more accurate statement (given by one of our
contemporaries) that her spirited Majesty had shot a cat that was a favorite
with some priests.
REWARD FOR EARLY HOURS. —We say
to Young Ladies : "As you prize your beauty, as you value your future prospect,
go to bed early. Look at Cinderella! Whenever she went to a ball, she was bidden
by her good godmamma to leave off precisely at Twelve. And what was her reward ?
Why, she married a Prince!"
"Joe, why were your out so late
last night?" "It wasn't so very late—only a quarter of twelve." "How dare you
sit there and tell me that? I was awake when you came in, and it was three
o'clock." " Well, isn't three a quarter of twelve?"
A doctor returned a coat to a
tailor because it did not fit him. The tailor, seeing the doctor at the funeral
of one of his patients, said, "Ah, doctor, you are a happy man!" "Why so?" asked
the doctor. "Because," replied the tailor, "you never have any of your bad work
returned on your hands."
AN ILLIGANT TIME.—"Barney, where
have you been ?" "To Widow Mullony's ball, and an illigant time we had of
it—four fights in fifty minutes, and a knockdown with the watchman, that left
but one whole nose in the house, and that belonged to the tea-kettle. Bedad, the
likes was never seen since we 'waked Donnelly.' " From these remarks it will be
seen that some people's ideas of the "illigant" differ somewhat from others.
ADVICE GRATIS.—It won't do, when
in a hurry, to eat soup with a two-pronged fork, or to try and catch fleas with
A merchant writes to a London
paper his complaints of female extravagance, and says his three daughters'
clothes cost him £300 per annum. He pretends that he wouldn't grumble if his
dinner was always dressed as well as his family.
A coxcomb, talking of the
transmigration of souls, said, "In the time of Moses, I have no doubt I was a
golden calf." " Very likely," replied a lady, " time has robbed
you of nothing but the gilding."
"I'm towld they won't take this
letther through the post bekase it weighs over half an ounce. What am I to do,
honey?" "Why," says Pat, "put another head on it, ye omadhaun." "Bedad!" replies
Mike, delighted at his friend's sagacity, " I niver thought o' that. Sure, two
heads is betther nor one, anyhow!"
DO YOU GIVE IT UP?
To what church or chapel ought
ladies to go who look for the ";hims?"
A chapel of he's (ease).
Without my first you'd appear
very strange; My second you like to be;
By whole is what many a lady has
At a ball, an assembly, or play.
Why would an owl not be pleased
if you were to call him a partridge?
Because it would be making game
What is the difference between
the Emperor of Russia and a beggar?
One issues manifestoes, and the
other manifests his toes.
Why is Punch like the aerial
Because he has not made a trip
yet, and never will. When is a fowl's neck like a bell?
When it is rung for dinner
A being with two feet has four
feet and three feet, and only one voice; but its feet vary, and when it has most
it is weakest.
A man in infancy crawls upon all
fours, in manhood stands erect upon two feet, and in old age supports his
tottering legs with a staff.
THE WAR IN KENTUCKY.
WAR has been declared by the
Legislature of Kentucky, the Union Home Guards being placed under the charge of
Brigadier-General Crittenden, and the troops under General Anderson, who has the
supreme control of the State arms and ammunition.
The treasonable telegraphic news
reporter of the Southern Associated Press, who has been the medium for the
transmission of correspondence from traitors at the North to rebels in the
South, has, with ex-Governor Morehead and Reuben T. Murrett, one of the
proprietors of the Courier—a rebel sheet, the office of which has been forcibly
taken possession of, and the paper stopped—been arrested.
The intelligence from Kentucky is
of a most cheerful character. The people there are represented as most
enthusiastic in favor of the immediate expulsion of all the rebel troops from
the State; and no doubt, with the assistance of the Union forces from Indiana
and the determination of the Kentuckians themselves, this object will soon be
GENERAL ANDERSON'S PROCLAMATION.
The following proclamation has
just been issued in Kentucky :
Kentuckians!—Called by the
Legislature of this, my native State, I hereby assume command of this
department. I come to enforce, not to make laws, and, God willing, to protect
your property and your lives. The enemies of the country have dared to invade
our soil. Kentucky is in danger. She has vainly striven to keep peace with her
neighbors. Our State is now invaded by those who professed to be her friends,
but who now seek to conquer her. No true son of Kentucky can longer hesitate as
to his duty to his State and country. The invaders must, and, God willing, will
be expelled. The leader of the hostile forces who now approaches is, I regret to
say, a Kentuckian, making war on Kentucky and Kentuckians. Let all past
differences of opinion be overlooked. Every one who now rallies to the support
of our Union and our State is a friend. Rally, then, my countrymen, around the
flag our fathers loved, and which has shielded us so long! I call you to arms
for self-defense, and for the protection of all that is dear to freemen! Let us
trust in God, and do our duty as did our fathers.
Brigadier-General United States
THE REBEL BUCKNER'S PROCLAMATION.
It is rumored that General
Buckner has advanced on Elizabethtown. General Anderson is believed to be
advancing to meet him. The Union troops are preparing for any emergency.
The following proclamation has
just been received:
TO THE PEOPLE OF KENTUCKY.
The Legislature of Kentucky have
been faithless to the will of the people. They have endeavored to make your
gallant State a fortress, in which, under the guise of neutrality, the armed
forces of the United States might secretly prepare to subjugate alike the people
of Kentucky and the
Southern States. It was not until after three months of
covert and open violation of your neutrality with large encampments of Federal
troops on your territory, and a recent official declaration of the President of
the United States not to regard your neutral position, coupled with a
well-prepared scheme to seize an additional point in your territory, which was
of such vital importance to the safety and defense of Tennessee, that the troops
of the Southern Confederacy, on the invitation of the people of Kentucky,
occupied a defensive post in your State. In doing so the commander announced his
purpose to evacuate your territory simultaneously with a similar movement on the
part of the Federal forces, whenever the Legislature of Kentucky shall undertake
to enforce against both belligerents the strict neutrality which they have so
often declared. I return among you, citizens of Kentucky, at the head of a
force, the advance of which is composed entirely of Kentuckians. We do not come
to molest any citizen, whatever may be his political opinion. Unlike the agents
of the Northern despotism, who seek to reduce us to the condition of dependent
vassals, we believe that the recognition of the civil rights of citizens is the
foundation of constitutional liberty; and that the claim of the President of the
United States to declare martial law, to suspend the privilege of the writ of
habeas corpus, and to convert every barrack and prison in the land into a Bastile is nothing but the claim which other tyrants have assumed to subjugate a
free people. The
Confederate States occupy
Bowling Green as a defensive
position. I renew the pledges of commanders of other columns of Confederate
troops to retire from the territory of Kentucky on the same conditions which
will govern their movements. I further give you my own assurance that the force
under my command will be used as an aid to the government of Kentucky in
carrying out the strict neutrality desired by its people, whenever they
undertake to enforce it against the two belligerents alike.
S. B. BUCKNER, Brigadier-General,
C. S. A. BOWLING GREEN, Sept. 18, 1861.
KENTUCKY TO BE CONQUERED BY THE
The Memphis Appeal thus notifies Kentuckians of the purpose of the
rebels regarding the State : "The South needs her territory, and must have it,
though at the price of blood or conquest."
INDIANIANS FOR SERVICE IN
The Governor of Indiana has gone into Kentucky, by way of
with guns and ammunition, to aid the Union cause, and has ordered all the troops
on the frontier to hold themselves in readiness to follow. It is said that ten
thousand additional troops are ready to leave Indiana at twenty-four hours'
THE FALL OF LEXINGTON.
General Price advanced to
Lexington, Missouri, with a large body of rebel forces, and on Monday, 16th,
called on Acting-General Mulligan to surrender. This latter officer returned a
very short but emphatic negative answer; consequently the rebels opened fire,
and the battle commenced in earnest, to which the Union troops replied
vigorously. Reinforcements for the beleaguered troops were sent out at once from
all parts, and it was for some time expected that Mulligan would be able to hold
out until they reached him. Intelligence of a reliable character, however,
reached Chicago on Saturday that Colonel Mulligan was compelled to surrender to
the superior force of the rebel General Price on Friday, who now occupies
Lexington. Mulligan was without water, and was therefore reluctantly forced to
yield from exhaustion. They had lot 37 killed and 140 wounded, while the loss of
the rebels is said to be very heavy.
AFFAIRS IN WESTERN VIRGINIA.
The particulars of the battle at
Carnifex Ferry, between
General Rosecrans's troops and General Floyd's rebels
have reached this city. The campaign in Western Virginia is likely to be far
more important than was at that imagined, and the powerful check that
Lee sustained from General Reynolds may have the effect of demoralizing a great
portion of the rebel army, as so much was expected from him by officers, men,
A FIGHT ON THE MISSISSIPPI.
At Blue Mills Landing, on
Mississippi River, on the 17th inst., a desperate fight took place between 500
of the 1st Iowa Regiment, under Lieutenant-Colonel Scott, and about 4000 of the
rebels. After an hour's fighting, Colonel Scott retired slowly and in good
order. Afterward Colonel Smith's command came to his aid, but night fell before
the fighting could be renewed ; when morning again came the enemy had retired,
and there was no one to strive against. In this engagement Lieutenant Scott lost
5 killed, 84 wounded, 6 missing.
WHAT PROPERTY IS LIABLE TO
A circular has been issued by
Seward, explanatory of the Confiscating Acts. It concludes as follows : " It
will be seen, from an inspection of these provisions of the acts of Congress,
that no property is confiscated or subjected to forfeiture except such as is in
transit or provided for transit, to or from insurrectionary States, or used for
the promotion of the insurrection. Real estate, bonds, promissory notes, moneys
on deposit, and the like are,
therefore, not subject to seizure
or confiscation in the absense of evidence of such unlawful use.
" All officers, while vigilant in
the presentation of the conveyance of property to or from insurrectionary
States, or the use of it for insurrectionary purposes, are expected to be
careful in avoiding unnecessary vexation and cost by seizures not warranted by
WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of
ANOTHER RAILROAD ACCIDENT CAUSED
BY ' TREASON.
A sad accident, said to be the
result of treason, occurred near Huron, Indiana, on the night of the 17th inst.
A railroad bridge, ten feet high, and having a span of sixty feet, gave way
under a train of cars containing troops—a portion of the Ninteenth Illinois
Volunteers—precipitating nearly the whole of the cars into the bed of the creek.
About fifty poor fellows were killed and about a hundred wounded. It is believed
that the bridge had been maliciously weakened, and if so it is time some
permanent stop should be put to such diabolical agencies of rebels.
LL.D. RUSSELL NOT TO BE EXPELLED
The following letter from the
Secretary of State is in response to a petition for the expulsion of the
correspondent of the London Times from the country:
" DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
WASHINGTON, Sept. 21, 1861.
" Many intelligent and patriotic
citizens have applied to me by memorial, asking the attention of the Government
to what they represent as treasonable matter, contained in a letter bearing the
date of Washington, August 10, published in the London Times, and they express
their conviction that the statements made in that communication are untrue, and
that it is the design of the writer to bring the credit and fame of this
Government into disrepute in foreign countries.
"It has been a habit of the
Government of the United States to take no notice of representations, however
obnoxious, made by the press of foreign nations, or even injurious utterances
made by Ministers or other agents for foreign Powers, in the ordinary
transaction of their own affairs. The Government, on the contrary, has hitherto
recognized as worthy of its observation only the language and the action of the
Executive organs of foreign States.
" For myself, I confess I have
not read the publication complained of, and I am quite sure that it has not
arrested the attention of any other member of the Administration, engrossed, as
we all necessarily are, with urgent public duties and cares. However erroneous
the facts or the inferences of the writer may be, they nevertheless stand on his
own individual authority, while the whole patriotic Press of our own country is
free, and is interested to refute them. The Government of the United States
depends not upon the favor or good-will of foreign nations, but upon the just
support of the American people. Its credit and its fame seem to me now, more
than ever heretofore, safe in their keeping.
"If it be assumed that the
obnoxious paper may do harm here, is it not a sufficient reply that probably not
fifty copies of the London Times ever find their way to our shores? If it be
said again that the obnoxious communication has been widely published in the
United States, it seems to me a sufficient rejoinder that the censure of a
magnanimous Government in that case ought to fall on those of its own citizens
who reproduce the libel, rather than on the foreigner who wrote it exclusively
for remote publication.
" Finally, interference with the
Press, even in the case of an existing insurrection, can be justified only on
the ground of public danger. I do not see any such danger in the present case,
even if one foreigner does pervert our hospitality to shelter himself in writing
injurious publications against us for a foreign Press. A hundred other
foreigners as intelligent, as virtuous, and as respectable as he is, are daily
enrolling themselves in the Army of the United States, to defend and maintain
the Union as the chief hope of humanity in all countries and for all ages. Could
there be a better illustration of that great fundamental truth of our system,
that error of opinion may safely be tolerated when reason is left free to combat
"WM. H. SEWARD,"
DISSENSIONS AMONG THE REBELS.
The following article appears in
the Richmond Whig over the initials of "F. M.;" no doubt from the pen of
Franklin Miner :
" To WHOM IT MAY CONCERN.—The
following private letter to the editor is from an old personal friend, but long
separated by party, and one first in position and intellect in the great county
of Albemarle. It was obviously not designed for publication, but on that very
account it may be the better sign of things unseen, and the better serve to
enlighten the Administration respecting the temper of the public mind :
"' ALBEMARLE, August 29, 1861.
DEAR MOSELEY,—I am utterly
disgusted with your men,
Jeff Davis and his man Walker, and I want to know if
you will publish my speech if I utter it.
" ' I have a letter just from
Manassas. Our troops there one day last week had nothing for breakfast but salt
and potatoes; were sent eight miles at double quick to meet a false alarm, and
got neither dinner nor supper when they came back to camp. Now, Moseley, it is
evident to me that your government is rotten in the head. Davis ought to be
spiked up where men can see him. You have won a great victory and got no fruits
from it. You have had charge of the government for six months and have done
nothing. No meat, no bread, no powder, no wagons, no any thing but salt and
potatoes, and yet you sing out, " The Government has the entire confidence of
the whole people." Now, it has not mine, and I want to know whether I can get a
fair hearing. The only smart thing I have seen is your proposition to postpone
the Presidential election. That is excellent—most excellent. I trust that it may
save us. If I were in Congress I would refuse one dollar of appropriations for
the war, holy though it is, until Walker was turned out, and somebody put in his
place with sense enough to attend to the duties of it. I don't know either Davis
or Walker, but I have seen enough to raise suspicions in my mind that neither is
the right man in the right place. Why, then, talk about the confidence of the
people in the Administration ? I don't feel any such confidence myself. I
believe I am not singular in my distrust.'"
NEWS FROM THE GULF.
News from the blockading force
off Pass a l'Outre represents the Mississippi as hermetically sealed.
Orleans is desolate, and its inhabitants are momentarily fearing an attack and
bombardment. The most reliable news from the rebel army represents disease to be
prevalent. The National defenses at
Fort Pickens were considered impregnable.
Wilson Zouaves were loyal and efficient.
ENGLAND TO INTERFERE IN MEXICO.
THE temporary suspension of the
order detailing reinforcements to the English army in Canada is announced
contemporaneously with the news of the near completion of a grand European
coalition for armed intervention in the affairs of Mexico. England and France
wore, it was said, to make a demonstration by sea and land, while Spain was to
forward troops from Cuba to the republic.
STATE OF AFFAIRS.
The aspect of the Italian
question was again serious. The Papal government had flatly denied the statement
of Baron Ricasoli as to its evil influence in Italy; and most of the Paris
journals supported it in the position. Garibaldi was in Naples with Victor
Emanuel, but General Guyon had ordered the French troops in Rome and elsewhere
to oppose by force any attempt of the troops of Sardinia to enter the Papal
territory. Fresh disturbances had occurred in Poland, and the repressive
measures of the Russian army officers were of a very severe character. A meeting
of theologians at Palermo had passed resolutions hostile to the temporal
sovereignty of the Pope.