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Robert E. Lee Portrait
Page) ago, and the rebel writers say:
"An attack on the Administration and its men, by one of the most eminent men of
the times, in Congress, is delayed until this great event fails or succeeds." Is
the impending event the national annihilation upon the Yorktown peninsula, and
the capture of
So in a debate in the
"Confederate Congress," "Boyce" said—is "Boyce" one of the most eminent men of
the times?—"This Congress will have devolved upon it a great mission. It may be
that, in the progress of this revolution, they may be compelled to save the
country at all hazards and by the most startling measures." He feared that if
the representatives increased their salaries—for this was the question that
engaged them while their "Confederacy" was falling about their ears —they would
diminish the influence which they must necessarily have in order to work out
this great mission.
This implies possible
depositions, dictatorships, dangers, and death. A population like that of the
rebel section, ignorant, passionate, and fanatical, could be easily managed by a
skillful leader, who should inflame them by insisting that it was the sloth or
treachery of the Administration that had overwhelmed the hopes of human freedom
and happiness which the "Confederacy" holds out to mankind.
Jefferson Davis, if
he has any eye to spare from
Buell, should fasten it upon "Boyce" and the other "most
eminent men of the times" in his neighborhood. He and his friends must consider
what answer they mean to make to the terrible question of their followers, "Why
did you drag us into this scrape?"
MR. PEABODY'S GIFT.
WHEN you go to Augsburg, where
the Emperor Charles V. held the Diet, they show you the house of Anton Fugger.
He was a merchant who entertained the Emperor imperially at his own house. You
may see the splendid room in which he slept. There were two Fugger brothers at
that time, Raimond and Anton. They lent the Emperor money when he was pressed,
and he gave them the right of coining, and made them Princes of the empire.
These men came of a family of famous merchants which sprang from a weaver. Their
great success and consequent wealth made them powers in the state for more than
two centuries. They founded at Augsburg a cabinet of antiquities, a gallery of
paintings, and a botanical garden. They built a church; they bought pictures of
Titian; and collected the two largest libraries of the time in Germany. Their
descendants have married into. and are merged in princely houses, and the name
of Fugger, the German merchants, lives in history.
Of Lorenzo di Medici, the
Florentine merchant, the history of his country and time is full. An English
merchant, Mr. Roscoe, has made his own name famous by commemorating that of
Lorenzo, and his book is still one of the most charming chapters of early modern
An earlier English merchant was
Sir Thomas Gresham, the financial friend of Queen Elizabeth, who often made him,
at his country-house, one of those famous visits which cost the host so dearly.
Gresham was very rich, founded the first Royal Exchange and Gresham College,
which still sustains seven courses of lectures.
Stephen Girard was an American
merchant born in Bordeaux, France. He was the son of a sailor, and by thrift and
skill rose to great wealth. In the war of 1812, when the Treasury wanted a loan
of $5,000,000, and only $20,000 could be negotiated, Mr. Girard took the whole.
When he died he left $2,000,000 to found the Girard college. The chief building
is a copy of the Parthenon modified by modern exigencies. It is an institution
for the benefit of white male orphans. Unluckily the fund was larger than the
mind which endowed it, and no great public charity probably ever excited less
interest and sympathy.
John Jacob Astor was an American
merchant born in Germany, the son of a poor peasant. He came to this country
just after the Revolution at the age of twenty. He accumulated the largest
fortune in the country, estimated at $20,000,000, and his will gave $50,000 to
the poor of Waldorf in Germany, his native village. He devoted also $400,000 for
the establishment of a public library in the city of New York—nor have four
hundred thousand dollars ever been more wisely expended.
These are but a few names of rich
men who have erected enduring monuments to their names by making their
fellow-men partners of their success. The roll is now increased by one who is
not less a public benefactor than the greatest of them. Twenty-five years ago
George Peabody, an American merchant born in Danvers, began business in London,
and during all that time no resident of that city has been more truly respected
than he. In many ways be was an American representative; and few travelers
during that time but recall with pleasure the banquets and festivities with
which he delighted to honor his friends and countrymen. Now, at the close of his
active business career, having already founded a Library and Institute in his
native Danvers, and a larger Institute and Library in Baltimore, where he lived
for twenty years, the munificent American merchant devotes seven hundred and
fifty thousand dollars for the benefit of the poor of London.
The conditions of the gift are so
wise and liberal that the reader of his letter is not surprised to meet the
admirable suggestion in regard to its disposition, that a portion of the fund,
if not the whole, shall be applied to the building of improved lodging-houses
for the poor.
Such a gift, too, comes with
peculiar grace at a moment when England so causelessly and ruthlessly reviles us
for not suffering our national life to be snuffed out by treason. It may be
taken as the earnest of an American practically acquainted with England, that
the foolish whims and jealousies which have controlled English opinion of us for
year past are essentially
transitory. Let us at least accept the omen. We are not the friends we thought
we were, but we need not be enemies.
JUST THE DIFFERENCE.
THE Richmond correspondent of the
Charleston Mercury writes, in the middle of March: "At last accounts
falling back to Mount Jackson, forty miles from
Winchester. The Yankees in the
Kanawha Valley are building plank roads as fast as the enemy penetrates the
country. Timber is plenty, and the Yankees fetch along plenty of portable steam
saw-mills. Meantime our own roads are nearly impassable."
That is typical of the result of
the war. The civilization of intelligence, skill, and steam saw-mills is
conquering that of sloth, ignorance, and decay. Fifty years hence, when Virginia
is taking the place which belongs to a region so peculiarly favored by climate,
soil, natural irrigation, and variety of surface, and New York looks delighted
upon her sister and rival, the sons and grandsons of Jackson's soldiers will
look back to this year with incredulity, and confess, what Jackson and his
troops deny, that Washington, Jefferson, Madison, and George Mason were wiser
men and better Virginians than James M. Mason, John Letcher, Roger Pryor, and
Henry A. Wise.
IN the presence of recent events
Mr. Yancey's speech at
New Orleans must be a little disheartening to his
friends. "The sentiment of Europe is anti-slavery; .....and they will never
recognize our independence until our conquering swords hang dripping over the
prostrate heads of the North." The recognition must then be considered
He also said, "It is an error to
say that Cotton is King. It is not." Mr. Yancey has been a year in England, and
He added, "The chosen and the
choosers [of the rebel Government] are in the same boat. The storm is raging,
the wind is howling, and the waves are beating upon our bark. We have placed
them [?!] at the helm. They may commit errors; but all history teaches that when
there is mutiny in the crew the bark must go down." The moral is, that the only
way to save New Orleans is to surrender by unanimous consent.
Having shown that the rebellion
is hopeless, Mr. Yancey closed by expressing the strongest confidence in its
success. It was the best course allowed by the circumstances.
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
A SMALL shareholder in a small
railway that yields but small returns, had his half-yearly dividend remitted to
him the other day in the shape of postage-stamps. He sent back a verbal message
to the secretary, stating that they were of no use to him, as he could not
write; and requesting that in future the payment should be made in tobacco, as,
although he could not write, he could smoke.
A lover sees his sweet-heart in
every thing he looks at, just as a man bitten by a mad dog sees dogs in his
meat, dogs in his drink, dogs all round him.
A contemporary has been studying
phonotypy. Here is a specimen: " Wat kant be qrd must b ndurd."
Lord Cockburne, the proprietor of
Bonally, was sitting on a hill-side with a shepherd, and observing the sheep
reposing in the coldest situation, he observed to him, "John, if I were a sheep,
I would lie on the other side of the hill." The shepherd answered, "Ay, my lord;
but if ye had been a sheep ye would has had mair sense."
"Now do take this medicine, wife,
and I'll be hanged if it doesn't cure you." "Oh, I will take it then, by all
means, for it is sure to do good one way or the other."
A gentleman who had a snuff-box
that played "Drops of Brandy" and "The glasses Sparkle on the Board," went to
dine with a friend a few miles out of town one Sunday, taking his box in his
pocket. He accompanied the fancily to church, and by some accidental pressure
he, about the middle of the sermon, touched the spring of the box, which struck
up "Drops of Brandy." Every eye and ear was directed toward the spot, to the
great dismay of the gentleman, who endeavored to stop the box, but, in doing so,
only caused it to change the tune; on which he hastened out of church, the box
rattling away as he hurried along the aisle.
AN OLD BACHELOR'S MAXIM.—As
people sprinkle the floors before they sweep them, so some ladies sprinkle their
husbands with tears in order to sweep the cash out of their pockets.
When the Government is afflicted,
the political doctors generally apply leeches to its chest.
The Persians have a saying that
"Ten measures of talk were sent down upon the earth, and the women took nine.
A country carpenter, nailing up a
board to forbid vagrants trespassing, placed it with the inscription upsidedown.
"Beggars are accustomed to reverses," observed a passenger.
Horne Tooke returned his income
at sixty pounds a year; the commissioners said they were not satisfied. Horne
Tooke, in reply, stated that he had much more reason to be dissatisfied with the
smallness of his income than they had.
Many persons who have a raging
war-fever before going into battle are apt to get the ague afterward.
FOR an account of the
PITTSBURG LANDING and the
ADVANCE UPON YORKTOWN see page 262.
On Tuesday, April 8, in the
Senate, several petitions in favor of the passage of a uniform bankrupt law were
presented and referred. The consideration of the bill confiscating the property
of rebels was resumed, when Senator Henderson, of Missouri, made a speech in
opposition to the proposition. Bills regulating the pay of the navy, and
confirming the act of the President in accepting the services of certain
volunteer engineer corps, were introduced and referred. After an executive
session the Senate adjourned.—In the House, a resolution that Congress adjourn
on the third Monday in May was referred to the Ways and Means Committee. The
consideration of the National Tax bill was than resumed, and, all the amendments
having been acted on, the bill was passed by a vote of 125 yeas to 13 nays. A
joint resolution extending to officers and men in all the military departments
of the act securing to officers
and men in the Missouri or Western Military Department their pay, bounty, and
pensions, was adopted. A bill to punish and prevent the practice of polygamy was
referred to the Committee on Territories.
On Wednesday, April 9, in the
Senate, petitions in favor of
emancipation, and the establishment of a national
armory and military department in Wisconsin, were presented and referred. The
bill allowing the Attorney-General and Secretary of the interior to fix the
salaries of District Attorneys, was passed. After an executive session the
Senate adjourned.—In the House, the bill to increase the efficiency of the
Medical Department of the army. A bill making additional appropriations for the
civil expenses of the Government was reported, and nearly all the Senate's
amendments to the Post-office Appropriation bill were agreed to. The bill to
abolish slavery in the District of Columbia came up on its second reading, to
which Mr. Vallandigham objected. The question then recurred under the rule,
"Shall the bill be rejected?" which was decided in the negative, 45 against 93.
The bill was referred to the Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union.
The Pacific Railroad bill was taken up, and Mr. Phelps, of California, spoke in
On Thursday, April 10, in the
Senate, resolutions of the Massachusetts Legislature, approving of the joint
resolution recommended by the President, in favor of extending pecuniary aid to
States desirous of emancipating their slaves, were presented. Notice was given
of a bill amending the
Fugitive Slave law. The bill establishing a line of
steamships between San Francisco and Shanghai was taken up, and Senator Latham
explained its objects. The consideration of the bill confiscating rebel property
was then resumed. Senator Willey, of Virginia, offered an amendment,
appropriating $5,000,000 for the
colonization of negroes made free by the bill.
This created a lively discussion, but no action was taken on the subject. A bill
incorporating the North Pacific Railroad Company was introduced, and the Senate
then went into executive session.—In the House, a resolution expressing
gratitude to Almighty God for the glorious triumph of the Union arms at
No. 10 and Pittsburg Landing, and thanking the officers, soldiers, and sailors
for their gallantry and devotion in those contests, was presented by Mr. Arnold,
of Illinois, and referred to the Military Committee in order that the names of
all the commanding officers may be mentioned therein, as is customary in such
cases. The Senate's amendments to the Naval Appropriation bill were reported
back by the Ways and Means Committee. The amendments appropriating $13,000,000
for iron-clad steam vessels of war, and $788,000 for the completion of the
Stevens floating battery, were agreed to. A resolution that, if the Senate
concur, Congress will adjourn sine die on the third Monday in May, was adopted.
In Committee of the Whole the bill regulating the franking privilege, the bill
abolishing slavery in the District of Columbia, and the resolution of the
Committee on Foreign Affairs relative to neutral maritime rights, were
On Friday, April 11, in the
Senate, Senator Wilson, of Massachusetts, introduced a bill amending the
Fugitive Slave Law. The bill reproving all disabilities for color in carrying
the mails, was passed by a vote of 24 to 11. The debate on the bill confiscating
rebel property was then resumed and continued till the adjournment.—In the
House, the bill abolishing slavery in the District of Columbia was passed by
a vote of 93 to 39. The bill has now passed both Houses by a two-thirds vote.
On Monday, April 14, in the
Senate, Senator Hale announced his resignation of the Chairmanship of the
Committee on Naval Affairs. The bill confiscating the property of rebels was
taken up, and Senator Harris, of New York, made a speech in support of it. A
resolution directing inquiry as to the expediency of providing by law for an
exchange of the products of the United States with foreign countries, through
our diplomatic and commercial agents, was adopted. After an executive session
the Senate adjourned.—In the House, the Speaker announced the
following named members as a special committee to devise a plan for the
emancipation of slaves, namely: Albert S. White of Indiana, Francis P.
Blair of Missouri, George P. Fisher of Delaware, William E. Lehman of
Pennsylvania, Cornelius L. L. Leary of Maryland, William V. Whaley of Virginia,
damn; F. Wilson of Iowa, Samuel L. Casey of Kentucky, and Andrew J. Clements of
Tennessee. The Committee on Foreign Affairs asked to be discharged from further
consideration of petitions in favor of the abrogation of the Canadian
Reciprocity treaty. A resolution, calling for information respecting the alleged
destruction of property in Missouri by United States troops from Kansas, was
referred to the Military Committee. The consideration of the bill establishing a
uniform bankrupt law was postponed till December next. The Senate resolution
transferring the superintendency of
the Capitol extension from the War to the
Interior Department was adopted. A bill providing for the construction of a ship
canal from the Mississippi River to Lake Michigan, for the transportation of war
munitions, etc., and also the enlargement of the Illinois and Michigan Canal,
was reported by the Military Committee.
THE LATEST FROM YORKTOWN.
At the time we close this record
there is no stirring news from Yorktown. Every thing is progressing well and
The latest news from Fortress
Monroe represents every thing quiet there. The Merrimac has made no further
THE "MERRIMAC" OUT AGAIN.
rebel steam-ram Merrimac came
out on 11th from her moorings off
Craney Island, accompanied by her consorts,
the Jamestown, Yorktown, and her convoy of tugs. She proceeded as far as a point
Newport News and Sewall's point, and made toward the Monitor and the
small Stevens iron battery. The Merrimac fired only one shot, but the little
Stevens battery returned with four or five, upon which the Merrimac and her
companions returned to Craney Island. The Yorktown captured two brigs and a
schooner which were lying near Newport News, and steamed off with them.
GENERAL MITCHELL IN ALABAMA.
Our troops have pushed as far
south as Huntsville, Alabama, under General Mitchell. They took possession of
that place without much resistance, and captured two hundred prisoners, fifteen
locomotives, and a large amount of rolling stock. Huntsville is an important
point, being situated on the main trunk line of the Memphis and Charleston
Railroad, which connects Richmond with Memphis and the other cities of the
Southwest. Our possession of Huntsville cuts off all connection between the
Southern Atlantic States and the West.
On the morning of 12th two
expeditions were started from Huntsville by railroad. One, under Colonel Sill,
of the Thirty-third Ohio, went east to Stevenson, the junction of the
Chattanooga with the Memphis and Charleston Railroad, which point they seized,
two thousand of the enemy retreating without firing a shot. Colonel Sill
captured five locomotives and a large amount of rolling stock. The other
expedition, under Colonel Turchin, of the Nineteenth Illinois, went west, and
arrived at Decatur in tine to save the railroad bridge, which was then in
General Mitchell now holds one
hundred miles of the Memphis and Charleston Railroad—this securing our position
at Huntsville and its vicinity.
PASS CHRISTIAN OCCUPIED.
The Union troops shelled Pass
Christian on the 4th inst., and landed 2400 men and twelve 4-pound howitzers.
Pass Christian is situated near St. Louis Bay, within 50 miles of
It is a port village of Harrison County, Mississippi, 13 miles from Mississippi
SURRENDER OF FORT PULASKI.
The Savannah Republican of the
12th announces the unconditional surrender of
Fort Pulaski on the previous day.
Seven large breaches were made in the walls by our batteries of Parrott guns at
King's Landing, and all the barbette guns on that side and three casemate guns
were dismounted. Three balls entered the magazine. Colonel Olmstead, the rebel
commander, signaled, the day previous to the surrender, that our fire was so
terrible that no human being could stand upon the parapet for even a moment.
REPORTED FALL OF FORT CRAIG.
The Richmond Whig publishes news
from Fort Mexico, received by way of New Orleans, which professes to show
that Fort Craig has fallen into
the hands of rebels;
Colonel Canby and his command having been compelled to make
an unconditional surrender. No dates are given.
MEN AND PROPERTY CAPTURED AT
The prisoners and property
captured by General Pope and
Commodore Foote, at and in the vicinity of
No. 10, are summed up as follows:
Major-General 1 Privates
Brigadier-Generals 3 Cannon
Colonels 10 Arms 10,000
Lieutenant - Colonels
and Steamboats 10
Majors 15 Floating battery
Captains 56 Horses and mules
Lieutenants 64 Wagons 1000
Second Lieutenants 84
—besides forty thousand dollars'
worth of provisions, and ammunition unestimated.
THE FIRST DAY'S FIGHT AT
A copy of the Richmond Whig of
the 8th contains the following dispatches in reference to the battles in
Tennessee, all bearing date on the 6th, and giving an account of the Sunday
BATTLE-FIELD OF SHILOH,
Via CORINTH AND CHATTANOOGA,
April 6, 1862.
General S. Cooper,
Adjutant-General,—We have this morning attacked the enemy in strong position in
front of Pittsburg, and after a severe battle of ten hours, thanks to Almighty
God, gained a complete victory, driving the enemy from every position.
The loss on both sides is heavy,
including our Commander-in-chief,
General Albert Sydney Johnston, who fell
gallantly leading his troops into the thickest of the fight.
G. T. BEAUREGARD, General
THE SECOND DAY'S FIGHT.
The Norfolk Day Book contains the
following dispatch from General Beauregard of the second day's fight at
CORINTH, TUESDAY, April 8,
To the Secretary of War,
We have gained a great and
glorious victory. Eight to ten thousand prisoners and thirty-six pieces of
Grant, and we retired to our intrenchments at Corinth,
which we can hold. Loss heavy on both sides. BEAUREGARD.
WASHINGTON, April 14, 1862.
In reference to Beauregard's
dispatch, given above, inquiries have been made at the War Department, and we
are authorized to say that the reports from Pittsburg Landing already given to
the public contradict the report in the Norfolk papers. All reports received at
the War Department confirm the statements that the enemy were routed and pursued
as far as the previous orders of
General Grant would permit, and the enemy are
now shut up in
THE EXPLOIT OF COLONEL ROBERTS.
The following is an account of
the capture of a rebel battery at Island No. 10, illustrated on
Wednesday night five launches,
one from each gun-boat, and carrying in all fifty seamen and soldiers, armed to
the teeth, "might have been seen" a little after dark pushing out from the
various gun-boats, and gathering under the shadows of the willows that fringe
the Kentucky shore. Each boat had an officer in command, and the whole were in
charge of Lieutenant-Colonel Roberts, of the Forty-second Illinois infantry.
The strictest silence was
observed—not a whisper nor even the splash of an oar broke the stillness. At
length every thing was ready, and giving themselves to the current the boats
started down the stream, the oarsmen quietly giving each boat sufficient motion
only to enable the steersman to it to keep close within the shadows. In this
mysterious manner they departed, and speedily disappeared in the darkness.
An hour later and the solitary
rebel sentry who, musket in hand, paced forward and backward along the parapet
of the upper battery, had his thoughts disturbed by a remarkable appearance. He
had just entered the depths of a cogitation, the main features of which probably
were that Yankees were vulgar, base, low-born mud-sills; that Southerners are
chivalrous, noble, knightly, superior; and that one of the latter is just an
equal match for from five to twenty-five of the former, when suddenly happening
to glance toward the river, his eyes caught sight of numberless black objects
drifting slowly toward him, and above these dark masses were luminous points and
flashes, which seemed to envelop them like a net-work of ghostly phosphorescent
flame. He rubbed his eyes, looked again at these mysterious phenomena, and was
about to conclude that something was abroad, when suddenly a voice was heard,
"Give way:" fifty oars dropped in the water, and the dark-looking objects, with
the swiftness of thought, shot straight for his position. He had only time to
see that the supernatural light was the gleam of bayonets, and then to his
disordered vision there appeared do be coming at ]tint a hundred boats, each
carrying a thousand Yankees. With a yell of horror he pulled off his piece in
the air, and fled with the darkness, no more to be seen.
He had no more than left when the
five boats struck the bank, their contents poured ashore and took possession of
the battery, and guards were posted around, and their rat-tail files and
sledge-hammers were brought into requisition with a success that, in the course
of half an hour, effectually spiked every gun—there were seven—in the battery.
The party remained in the works
about an hour, and then, without hearing a word from the enemy, returned to the
fleet. The very audacity of the thing seems to have so paralyzed the rebels that
they offered no opposition; or possibly the fears of the frightened sentry so
magnified the Federal force that they were induced to believe that an army had
effected a landing at the battery; and hence, instead of assuming the offensive,
they busied themselves in preparations to repel an attack. The circumstance of
the battery being entirely surrounded by water, with the exception of the
gun-platforms and narrow parapet, which alone connected them with the higher
banks below, prevented the rebels from keeping a large force at this place, and
consequently they were in no condition to offer any effective defense.
THE "VERMONT" SAFE.
The steamship Baltic arrived at
this port on 13th from a cruise in search of the United States ship Vermont. The
Baltic came by way of Bermuda on the 8th inst., and there learned that the
Vermont was in good condition, and had proceeded on her way to Port Royal. The
steamers Bermuda and Herald were loading at Bermuda for Nassau, or with the view
of running the blockade at some Southern port.
MR. PEABODY'S DONATION.
MR. GEORGE PEABODY'S letter,
vesting the sum of $750,000 in the hands of trustees, as a free gift, to be
employed in ameliorating the condition of the poor of London, with the reply of
the trustees, has been published. The Lord Meyer of London was advised to call a
meeting in order to offer the thanks of the city to Mr. George Peabody for his
donation to its poor.
THE REPRESENTATIVE OF THE REBELS.
A man named Henry Hotze writes to
the London Times; announcing himself as the sole commercial agent of the
States England. He pledges himself not to assume or counterfeit consular
functions till the Confederacy is officially dealt with by the British
Government; but he is prepared to give every information to all comers. It thus
appears that the Mason embassadorial mission has dwindled down to a commercial
NO MORE WOODEN WALLS FOR ENGLAND.
The British press and Parliament
are busily engaged in discussing the question of iron-clad floating batteries
and the heavy ordnance of the Americans. It is understood that orders have been
issued to suspend work on wooden vessels.