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Robert E. Lee
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Robert E. Lee Portrait
Page) Speaking of the want of striking indications of Union feeling
upon the border, he hits the nail in saying: "Men may grow convinced of the
folly of secession—may even wish for the victory of the Union; but their hearts
must be, after all, with the side for which their kinsmen and friends are
fighting.....I am anxious not to convey the impression from my description that
I believe in the Southern, or, rather, the Confederate doctrine, of an innate
and unconquerable aversion between the Southern and the Northern States. When
once the insurrection is suppressed and order is restored, I have little doubt
the Southern States will acquiesce in what is inevitable. There is no difference
in race, or language, or religion, to keep the two divisions of the Union apart.
Whether the difference in domestic institutions may prove an insuperable cause
of disunion, I can not say. If it should so prove, the North will suppress or
remove this cause before it consents to the separation of North and South. But
the time for that is not yet."
This paper was written just after
battle of Pittsburg Landing, and when it was
possible, or, as he says, "still on the cards," that
Beauregard would defeat us at Corinth; but Mr.
Dicey remarks: "It is easy enough for a spectator in the Northern States to see
that the Confederates are fighting a losing fight, and that even a return of
fortune to their arms would only somewhat prolong a now hopeless struggle."
This is interesting as the
opinion of an intelligent and disinterested spectator at a time when the rebel
prospects were much more flattering than they are now. English readers will
gradually learn from such observers as Mr. Trollope and Mr. Dicey that a great
nationality is not to be as easily extinguished as a tallow dip; and that
millions of free, industrious, intelligent, and prosperous citizens do not mean
to be politically annihilated without as desperate a resistance as coolness,
intelligence, skill, and heroism know how to make.
MR. MARK TAPLEY is not the best
conceivable model either for nations or men. If a general wants to fight well,
he must understand his position exactly; and if a nation would be equal to its
situation, it must see what its precise situation is.
The object of the rebels is
foreign recognition. They hope to hold out until Europe shall say to us, "Come!
come! for fifteen months these people have maintained their independence. You
have had an immense opportunity, your own time, your own preparations, the
forbearance of the world, and you don't do the work. Hadn't you better make
terms? At any rate we, for our parts, recognize them as a legitimate
government." This is the hope of the rebellion, and if it is not fully and
palpably suppressed, in a very short time this hope will be fulfilled.
Of course recognition is war. At
the present moment the feeling between the countries is such, the Mexican
complication is of so grave a character, the air is so electrical, that the
explosion may certainly be regarded as imminent.
The arguments drawn from the want
of advantage to be gained by foreign Powers, the comparison of naval force, and
all the arguments of reason combined, do not count very heavily against the
probability. War is not such a very reasonable and argumentative matter. The
general aspects of the case are always sufficient. Nothing could be more
elaborately unreasonable than our first contest with Great Britain; and to all
the reasoning that could be urged against the success of foreign interference
now, there would be one sufficient answer: Europe would say to us, "Haven't you
your hands full enough now, and would the necessity of fighting us make you any
Mr. Mark Tapley will probably
call this a depressing view. But neither Mr. Tapley, as we said, nor the African
ostrich are the best models for us at this moment. The more distinctly the
Yankee sees all the circumstances of the situation, the cooler and braver he
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
WEIGHING.—"Husband, I hope you
have no objection to my being weighed." "Certainly not, my dear; but why do you
ask the question?" "Only to see, love, if you would let me have my weigh once."
We are told to have hope and
trust; but what's a poor fellow to do when he can no longer get any trust?
A REQUEST.—"Good morn, Mister
Grimes! I come over to see if you'd lend our dad your pickaxe, to saw off a
board to make a chicken coop to put our dog in; he runs after our neighbor's
cows, and then they won't come about any more, so we have to drink our coffee
without cream or sugar."
The author or the following lines
is destined to occupy a good position among our American poets. Who is he?
"O wunst I luved annuther gal
her name it was murrier,
but betsy deer my luv for u
is forty times more hier."
A country paper, speaking of the
funeral of a suicide, says indignantly, "They buried the woman like a dog, with
all her clothes on!"
"I say, Sambo, does you know de
key to de prosperity ob de Souf?" "Key to de prosperity ob de Souf?—big words,
Juno! Guess you must ab been eatin' massa's dickshunary. Golly, I ain't larned
nuff to answer dat." "Well, chile, 'tis de dar-key."
The following epitaph was written
on reading of the death of a lady whose name was Stone:
"Curious enough, we all most say,
That what was Stone should now be
Most curious still, to own we
That what was Stone will soon be
A MILE OF CHILDREN.—There is a
farmer in Berkshire who has a mile of children. His name is Furlong, and he has
four boys and four girls. Eight furlongs always make a mile.
A PERFECT CURE.—An amorous swain,
who had been severely afflicted with palpitation of the heart, says he found
instant relief by the application of another palpitating heart. Another triumph
of homeopathy. "Like cures like."
AN ADVANTAGE.—A boy and girl of
tender years were disputing as to what their mothers could do. Getting
impatient, the little damsel blurted out, by way of a climax and a clencher,
"Well, there is one thing that my mother can do that yours can't—my mother can
take every one of her teeth out at once!"
Mrs. Partington says she may be
old now, but she has seen the day when she was as young as ever she was.
Theodore Hook met a friend just
after leaving the King's Bench Prison, who said to him that he was getting fat.
"Yes," replied Hook, "I was enlarged to-day."
THE RETORT COURTEOUS.
SHOPMAN (thinking to have a, joke
upon the lady). "You want a very long and a very stout pair, I presume."
LADY (not appearing to see the
point). "I want them very stout, of course; and as for their length, a size
smaller than your ears, I think, will just suit."
Why is a sawyer like a
lawyer?—Because whichever way he goes down comes the dust.
"It's all over with me!" as the
pancake said when it was turned.
Almost every young lady is
public-spirited enough to be willing to have her father's house used as a
It is difficult to keep one's
temper in a hot day; but getting under a shady tree is the best way of taking
It is well for a man to get the
start in a race, but bad fur a ship's plank to start in a storm.
"It's all over with us!" as the
passenger said when the coach upset.
Every man knows best when he
plays the knave; but his neighbors know best when he plays the fool.
"YOU HAVE YOUR CHOICE."—A steamer
burst her boiler a few years since, and a gentleman found, on reaching the
ground, that an iron bar six feet long had gone in at his stomach and projected
from his back. A surgeon informed him that if the bar remained it would cause
mortification, and if it was removed it would cause him to bleed to death.
"Science has its limits," remarked the doctor, "and you have your choice."
One of the neatest replies we
ever heard of was that of a certain Earl Marshal, who, being found fault with by
his Sovereign for some misarrangement of a coronation, said, "Please your
Majesty, I will try and do better next time."
"That is the end of my tale," as
the tadpole said when he turned into a bull-frog.
"How is the market, neighbor?"
"Very quiet." "Any thing doing in cheese!" "Not a mite."
An Irish auctioneer, puffing off
a pair of jet ear-rings to a very respectable company of ladies, said that they
were "just the sort of articles he himself would purchase for his wife were she
Muggins was passing down Fleet
Street one day with a friend, when he observed a poor dog, that had been killed,
lying in the gutter. Muggins paused, and gazed intently at the defunct animal,
and at last said,
"Here is another shipwreck."
"There's a bark that's lost
His companion growled and they
A newly-married gentleman and
lady, riding in a chaise, were unfortunately overturned. A person coming to
their assistance observed it was a very shocking sight. "Very shocking, indeed,"
replied the gentleman, "to see a new-married couple fall out so soon."
ANOTHER BULL.—"How odd it is,"
said Pat, as he trudged along on foot one hot, sultry day, "that a man never
meets a team going the same way he is!"
The sensitive actor, who couldn't
stay in the same room with a tea-urn on account of its hissing, has just been
killed by a burst of applause.
The best dowry to advance the
marriage of a young lady is to have in her countenance mildness, in her speech
wisdom, and in her behavior modesty.
DO YOU GIVE IT UP?
When is a blind man like a wig?
When he is curled (cur-led).
Why are young ladies' affections
always doubtful? Because they are only mis-givings.
Why is is mile-stone a very
unsociable fellow? Because you never see two together.
My whole is a noun of plural
number, Devoid of ease and peaceful slumber; But add to it the letter S,
And, wondrous metamorphosis!
Plural is plural now no more,
And sweet what bitter was before.
Keep me clean, and I am like
every body; scratch me on the back, and I am like nobody?
Why are beggars like fishermen
and shepherds? Because they live by hook and by crook.
ON Tuesday, July 8, in the
Senate, the Confiscation bill, as returned from the house, was taken up. Senator
Sherman moved that the Senate recede from its amendment and agree to the House
bill. This was negatived—14 against 23. Senator Clark, of New Hampshire, moved
for a committee of conference on the disagreeing amendment, which was carried by
a vote of 28 against 10. The resolution for the expulsion of Senator Simmons, of
Rhode Island, for receiving sums of money for procuring Government contracts was
laid over, and the Tariff bill was taken up, the amendments adopted, and the
bill passed. A bill was introduced amending the act of 1795 relative to calling
out the militia for suppressing invasion. A bill amendatory of the act
prohibiting the African
slave-trade was introduced. The consideration
of the bill to establish and equalize the grade of line officers of the navy was
then resumed. Several amendments were adopted, and the Senate adjourned.—In the
House, the bill providing for the discharge of State prisoners and others was
passed. The bill defining the pay and emoluments of army officers, etc., and the
Civil Appropriation bill, were also passed. A Committee of Conference on the
Confiscation bill was ordered, and the House adjourned.
On Wednesday, July 9, in the
Senate, bills relative to the grade of naval officers; authorizing the President
to make arrangements with foreign governments, and especially with Denmark, for
the colonization of captured Africans; and making appropriations for sundry
civil expenses, were passed. The Naval Appropriation bill was also passed. A
bill to declare another punishment for the crime of treason was introduced and
referred to the Judiciary Committee. The bill amendatory of the act of 1795,
calling out the militia, etc., was then taken up. Senator Grimes offered an
amendment providing for the employment of negroes in the military service; and
Senator King moved to amend the amendment so as to authorize the employment of
blacks in constructing intrenchments, or other camp service or labor, and
declaring forever free the mother, wife, and children of negroes so employed.
The scheme, in fact, comprehends the enrollment
of the blacks in the military
service, and the general
emancipation of slaves. An interesting debate
ensued, in which Senators Sherman, Fessenden, Wilton, and Rice advocated the
policy of arming the blacks, but without taking action on the amendments, the
Senate went into executive session and subsequently adjourned.—In the House, the
Tariff and Pension bills were referred to conference committees. The bill to
promote the efficacy of the Engineers' corps, and the Ordnance and
Quarter-master's Departments, was passed; also the Naval Appropriation bill; the
bill supplementary to the act abolishing slavery in the District of Columbia,
and the Post-Route bill. The Senate resolution requiring the weekly publication
of lists of all Government contracts, and the names of the persons interested in
them, was adopted. The House then adjourned.
On Thursday, July 10, in the
Senate, a communication was received from the War Department, transmitting
copies of all instructions to the generals of the army relative to freeing the
slaves of the rebels. The House resolution authorizing supplies of clothing to
be furnished to sick and wounded soldiers was passed; also the bill relative to
the stolen Indian Trust bonds. Senator Saulsbury offered a resolution inquiring
for the number of troops under
General Fremont and
General Banks at the date of
General McClellan's departure for the
Peninsula; also the number of troops in and around Washington, also the number
of troops between Washington and the Rappahannock; and also the number of troops
actually in service under General McClellan in the recent engagements before
Richmond. A long and interesting discussion on the conduct of the campaign on
the Peninsula ensued, and finally the resolution was adopted. The bill relative
to calling out the militia, with the amendments authorizing the arming of the
blacks, their employment on intrenchments, etc., and freeing the wife. mother,
and children of negroes so employed, was then called up. A motion to postpone
indefinitely was disagreed to by a vote of 9 against 27. An amendment that loyal
persons shall be compensated for loss of service of slaves taken under the bill
was agreed to. The section authorizing the President to receive negroes into the
military service was then passed. On taking the question on the section giving
freedom to the mother, wife, and children of negroes so employed by the
Government there was no quorum, and the Serrate adjourned.—In the House, the
Senate joint resolution to suspend all payments under the act of March last, "To
secure to the officers and men actually employed in the Western or Missouri
Department, their pay, bounty, and pensions," and to appoint three Commissioners
to investigate and examine all claims and report on the same to the Secretary of
War, was adopted. A joint resolution providing medals of honor for soldiers who
may distinguish themselves was also adopted. The Senate bill for the better
government of the navy, and the resolution of thanks to
Commodore Foote was agreed to, and the House
On Friday, July 11, in the
Senate, the General Pension bill and several unimportant bills were passed, and
the remainder of the session was occupied in debate on the amendment to the
Militia bill, authorizing the employment of negroes in the military service, and
freeing the mothers, wives, and children of those to employed; but no vote was
taken on the subject.—In the House, the bill to prevent officials from receiving
pay for procuring contracts was passed. The Committee of Ways and Means reported
a bill providing for a national currency, secured by United States stock, and
for the circulation and redemption thereof. It was recommitted and ordered to be
printed. The Conference Committee on the Confiscation bill made a report,
combining some of the main points of both the Senate and House bills on that
subject, which was accepted. The Tariff bill passed both Houses of Congress.
On Saturday, July 12, in the
Senate, the report of the Conference Committee on the Confiscation bill was
agreed to by a vote of twenty-seven against thirteen. The bill has thus passed
both Houses of Congress. The resolution requesting the President to have a
statement of the trade and commerce of the Pacific States prepared was adopted.
A resolution reported by the Finance Committee, fixing the time for final
adjournment of Congress on Wednesday next, was adopted. An executive session was
held, and the Senate adjourned.—In the House, the Committee of Ways and Means
reported their last appropriation, being for miscellaneous objects, but it was
laid on the table by a majority of ten. Several other subjects were acted on,
none of them, however, of general importance, and the House adjourned.
On Monday, July 14, in the
Senate, the resolution tendering the thanks of Congress to
Commodore A. H. Foote for his gallant services
in the West, was adopted. The bill for the admission of West Virginia into the
Union was passed by a vote of twenty-three to seventeen. The bill provides that
all slaves born within the limits of the State after the 4th of July next shall
be free; all slaves who at that time are under ten years of age shall be free
when they are twenty-one; and all over ten and under twenty-one, shall be free
when they are twenty-five. A message was received from the President,
transmitting the draft of a bill for compensating any State which may abolish
slavery. We give it below. The bill to prevent
Congressmen and Government officers receiving consideration for procuring
contracts was passed. An executive session was held, and the Senate
adjourned.—In the House, a bill making sundry appropriations for civil
expenditures was reported and passed. The Committee of Ways and Means reported
is. bill imposing an additional tax of one cent per pound on domestic sugar
under the internal tax law. A proviso was added that the tax should not apply to
sugar manufactured from sorghum, and the bill was then passed.
The following Message from the
President was delivered to Congress on Monday:
FELLOW-CITIZENS OF THE SENATE AND
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES:
Herewith is the draft of the bill
to compensate any State which may
abolish slavery within its limits, the passage
of which, substantially as presented, I respectfully and earnestly recommend.
Be it enacted by the Senate and
House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
That whenever the President of the United States shall be satisfied that any
State shall have lawfully abolished slavery within and throughout such State,
either immediately or gradually, it shall be the duty of the President, assisted
by the Secretary of the Treasury, to prepare and deliver to each State an amount
of six per cent. interest-bearing bonds of the United States, equal to the
aggregate value at — dollars per head of all the slaves within such State, as
reported by the census of one thousand eight hundred and sixty; the whole amount
for any one State to be delivered at once, if the abolishment be immediate, or
in equal annual installments if it be gradual, interest to begin running on each
bond at the time of delivery, and not before.
And be it further enacted, That
if any State having so received any such bonds shall at any time afterward by
law reintroduce or tolerate slavery within its limits, contrary to the act of
abolishment upon which such bonds shall have been received, said bonds so
received by said State shall at once be null and void in whosesoever hands they
may be, and such State shall refund to the United States all interest which may
have been paid on such bonds.
THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC.
Fortress Monroe announce the fact that the
rebels have disappeared from before the
Army of the Potomac, none of therm being within
miles of our position. A brief telegram from General McClellan, received in
Philadelphia on Friday, stated that the enemy had retreated. An explanation of
this movement of the rebel forces will probably be found in the fact that, from
lack of transportation, they have been forced to fall back nearer
Richmond, their base of supplies.
THE PRESIDENT ON THE PENINSULA.
The President has taken a trip to
the peninsula to see the position of the army for himself. He had an interview
General Burnside at Fortress Monroe on Tuesday,
8th, and then proceeded up the
James River to visit General McClellan.
He reviewed the entire line, in
company with General McClellan and his Staff, and was every where received with
the greatest enthusiasm by the troops, who mingled
their cheers with the salvos of
artillery with which he was greeted. Subsequent to the review, he returned to
the steamer on which he went up the James, accompanied by General McClellan, and
after an hour's consultation, quietly took his departure.
During his visit he made a speech
to the serried masses of armed men who had just come out of seven days' terrific
combat. Dismounting from his horse and mounting upon a rail fence he addressed
the army in these words: "Be of good cheer; all is well. The country owes you an
inextinguishable debt for your services. I am under immeasurable obligations to
you. You have, like heroes, endured, and fought, and conquered. Yes, I say
conquered; for though apparently checked once, you conquered afterward and
secured the position of your choice. You shall be strengthened and rewarded. God
bless you all!"
SOUTHERN ACCOUNT OF THE LATE BATTLES.
The Southern account of the late
battles, during the withdrawal of General McClellan's army to the James River,
is given in the Richmond papers. The enemy admit the strength of our army's new
position, which they designate as the strongest on the peninsula, and, indeed,
demonstrate the fact by furnishing the geographical and topographical features
of the location. The general tone of the rebel journals indicates
dissatisfaction with the result of the movement, and by no means shows that it
is regarded in the light of a success for the rebel arms.
GENERAL POPE'S ADDRESS TO HIS
The following has been issued.
WASHINGTON, July —, 1862.
TO THE OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS OF
THE ARMY OF VIRGINIA:
By special assignment of the
President of the United States I have assumed command of this army.
I have spent two weeks in
learning your whereabouts, your condition, and your wants; in preparing you for
active operations, and in placing you in positions from which you can act
promptly and to the purpose.
I have come to you from the West,
where we have always seen the backs of our enemies, from an army whose business
it has been to seek the adversary, and to beat him when found, whose policy has
been attack, and not defense.
In but one instance has the enemy
been able to place our Western armies in a defensive attitude.
I presume that I have been called
here to pursue the same system, and to had you against the enemy.
It is my purpose to do so, and
I am sure you long for an
opportunity to win the distinction you are capable of achieving. That
opportunity I shall endeavor to give you.
Meantime, I desire you to dismiss
from your minds certain phrases which I am sorry to find much in vogue among
I hear constantly of taking
strong positions and holding them—of lines of retreat and of bases of supplies.
Let us discard such ideas.
The strongest position a soldier
should desire to occupy is one from which he can most easily advance against the
Let us study the probable lines
of retreat of our opponents, and leave our own to take care of themselves.
Let us look before, and not
Success and glory are in the
Disaster and shame lurk in the
Let us act on this understanding,
and it is safe to predict that your banners shall be inscribed with many a
glorious deed, and that your names will be dear to your countrymen forever.
JOHN POPE, Major-General
BOMBARDMENT OF VICKSBURG.
The bombardment of Vicksburg
still continued at last accounts received from
Memphis. Our mortars from above and below are
shelling the city. The cutting of the canal by negroes, which is destined to
make Vicksburg an inland and insignificant town, is progressing rapidly. The
report that Commodore Farragut has been wounded is not officially confirmed; but
it is said that he had a narrow escape.
REBEL RAID ON MURFREESBORO.
According to rumors prevalent in
Nashville on Saturday, and since confirmed, a
force of rebel cavalry, under Colonel Forrest, assaulted the town of
Murfreesboro, capturing the Ninth Michigan regiment, Colonel Parkhurst, and
making prisoners also of General Crittenden, of Indiana, General Duffield, and
several other officers. The Third Minnesota, Colonel Leslie, and Hewitt's First
Kentucky battery made a gallant resistance. Their bravery is beyond praise. They
saved the railroad track and bridges, losing but few men. The rebels destroyed
the railroad depot and other property, including the telegraph office. The town
was being shelled by Hewitt's battery at the last report—three o'clock P.M. on
REPORTED CAPTURE OF BATON ROUGE.
The capture of Baton Rouge by the
rebels under General Van Dorn is reported in the Richmond papers received by
dispatches from Mobile. The Mississippian states that
General Butler visited Baton Rouge on Saturday,
the 5th inst.
AFFAIRS AT NEW ORLEANS.
General Butler has suspended the
functions of the City Councils of
New Orleans, and has appointed bureaus of
Finance and of Streets and Landings, consisting of three persons each, among
whom the duties of the Councils are divided. This action has been rendered
necessary in consequence of the refusal of the city authorities to take the oath
of allegiance, in accordance with General Butler's orders. The moneyed classes
in the city are still very backward in owning allegiance to the National
Government, but there is a much better feeling among the working classes.
Provisions, vegetables, and fruit are freely allowed to come to the city, and
the condition of the poorer classes is much improved. Cotton plants of the new
crop are beginning to make their appearance.
TREASON PUNISHED IN MEMPHIS.
The Memphis Avalanche having
published an incendiary and treasonable article headed "Mischief-makers," on the
1st of July,
General Grant ordered that paper to be
suspended. The order was subsequently countermanded on the withdrawal of the
editor who wrote the article from the Avalanche establishment.
A SLANDER EXPLODED.
A correspondence from General
McClellan to the War Department, concerning the occupation of
General Lee's residence at White House and the
several slanderous stories thereto attached, has been presented to Congress, and
the whole affair is reduced to a very miserable and contemptible compass.
General McClellan in his letter says, that "those who have originated the false
statements concerning the White House, yard, and spring, are in tact, as stated
in my dispatch of the 7th instant, enemies of this army and the cause in which
it is fighting. They have imposed upon the Surgeon-General, and caused him to
make official representations which, on examination, prove to be unfounded in
fact, and which are disrespectful to his superior officer. They have
unnecessarily occupied the attention of the Secretary of War, and have
interrupted the Commander and the Medical Director of this army in the midst of
the most arduous duties."
OUR affairs have again been
discussed in both Houses of the British Parliament. Lord Palmerston, speaking in
the Lower House, said that he could see no reason at the present time for offers
of mediation in our affairs, but that the Government would gladly take advantage
of any favorable opening that might occur for friendly interference. Lord
Brougham had a few words to say in the Upper House, explanatory of a former
speech, to the effect that he wished to remonstrate with the Americans "as
fellow-Christians" with the noble lord on the course of the civil war, which he
thought would prove of a fatal character to the whole American people.