Battle of Cross Keys


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Civil War Harper's Weekly, June 28, 1862

Welcome to our online collection of Civil War Harper's Weekly newspapers. This collection includes all the Harper's Weekly newspapers published during the Civil War. This online collection allows you to watch the war unfold in real time.

(Scroll Down to See Entire Page, or Newspaper Thumbnails below will take you to a specific page of interest)


Memphis, Tennessee

Memphis, Tennessee

Colonization of Slaves

Colonization of Slaves

Cross Keys

Battle of Cross Keys

General Sumner

General Sumner

War on the Mississippi River

War on the Mississippi

Front Royal

Battle Front Royal



Tranter's Creek

Battle of Tranter's Creek

James River

James River

Signal Corps

Signal Corps

Rebel Territory

Map of Rebel Territory

Memphis Naval Battle

Memphis Cartoon

Memphis Cartoon










JUNE 28, 1862.]



(Previous Page) consoling to remember, as some of her really fine points passed unrecognized, that la diva, Grisi herself, had endured the same reception in the same house.

Between the first and second acts Mr. Gottschalk prestidigitated upon the piano; and between the second and third Mr. Hermann upon handkerchiefs and huge rings. Each was a most perfect and most elegant legerdemain. Certainly neither Thalberg nor Liszt could do such wonders at the keyboard as Gottschalk; and in the simpler passages there is a clear, sonorous precision in his playing which almost rivals Thalberg. It is inconceivable that any one should do more with the piano than he does. Yet doubtless we always interpret the character of piano-playing by our knowledge of the player. If we know him to be imaginative, generous, creative, simple, we find these qualities in his performance. if we think him shallow, conceited, sensual, then that is all heard at the instrument. The mere skill of the two players may be almost indistinguishable; but the spirit and effect of their performance are as different as simplicity and conceit.

Hermann is a master. He ought to wear a red skull-cap with a cock's feather. Then he would look the mysterious Mephisto he is.


THAT a nation entirely unused to war should make mistakes was most natural. But we have made but one serious, and that by no means irretrievable, mistake in ours. That was in declining the service of any man who offered. We have never had men enough. Perhaps we have had as many men as arms. But we might have had large reserved camps of drilled soldiers to supply the vacant places of the various divisions; and arms can be procured easier than skilled men, many and willing as they are.

It is not that we have not men enough to defeat the enemy, but we want to defeat them overwhelmingly and finally. McDowell and McClellan should have been reinforced without weakening Banks. His retreat, although masterly in itself and in no way disastrous, still lengthens the war. Hunter may capture Charleston, but more men would have made it easier. McClellan will probably take Richmond, but with fifty thousand more men the immediate capture would have had a moral effect in weakening the rebellion and in shortening the war, which it can not now have.

Of course it is easy to say "more men." But we shall be reminded that armies cost money. That is true; but in war speed is cheapness. A man will readily pay a dollar more fare if he can go to a place, transact his business, and return the same day, for he saves a dollar in his lodging. The nation is ready and willing to put down the rebellion speedily, at any cost, because it knows that cost now is saving in the end. Vallandigham and Co. talk about the extravagance of the Government because they want to paralyze our milltary operations by frightening people with the expense already incurred. The truth is, as a friend expresses it, "The People meant to finish up this war in one campaign, and they are ready to do every thing that is required for the purpose, and it will be the fault of our generals (political as well as military) if it be not done."


IN their late eagerness to prejudice the public mind, the newspapers which think that the valuable and lovely thing in American institutions is not liberty but slavery incessantly spoke of Mr. Collyer as Doctor Collyer or the Reverend Mr. Collyer. The intention was to make him appear a penniless missionary, a needy clerical adventurer, or impracticable visionary.

The truth is that Mr. Collyer is an artist of this city of great repute as a crayon draughtsman among all who are interested in art. His penciled female heads in past Academy Exhibitions have been justly among the most noted and admired. Just before the beginning of the war made upon this Government in the interest of slavery, Mr. Collyer, who is richer than many of his brethren of the pencil, was proposing to visit Europe with his family. But fortunately his wealth is not of one kind only. Hearing the call of his country upon all her children, and looking to see how he could most effectively serve her, he resolved to devote himself to the care of the soldiers.

It was in pursuance of this humane and patriotic duty that he was in North Carolina. The instruction of the friendless colored people was a service not less humane and patriotic, and he readily united that with his other cares. Like the noble Colonel Howland, of the 16th regiment of this State, who willingly turned away from all the ease and delight which wealth, cultivation, taste, and a generous soul secured, and whose late gift of a thousand dollars to the Sanitary Commission was but a single drop in the ample offering he has made to his country, Mr. Collyer is no fanatical enthusiast, or well-meaning inefficient brother, but an American gentleman, who gives his time, his labor, his talent, and his money, to the great cause of human liberty and enlightenment to which this Government was consecrated, for which it is struggling, and which is instinctively the cause of every gentleman in the land.


THE noble work of the Sanitary Commission is deeply appreciated by the country. Its services to our soldiers have been invaluable. Its energy, faithfulness, and comprehensiveness in doing its work are among the most grateful and hallowed events of the war. Nor has the practical public recognition been either slow or niggardly. A great many thousand dollars have been gladly contributed, while loyal hands of innumerable women and children have been busily toiling to aid its work.

In expectation of the increased sickness of the season and of the crowds of wounded and suffering

whom the imminent battle before Richmond will throw into its charge, as well as to provide still ampler accommodation for those already under its care, the Sanitary Commission has fitted up the first-class clipper ship St. Marks as a floating hospital or a transport for the sick and wounded, to be stationed in York River or Hampton Roads. The experiment of the hospital ship Florence Nightingale has been so entirely satisfactory that there can be no doubt of the wisdom and beneficence of this act.

It is another indication of the fidelity and sagacity of the Sanitary Commission.


MR. ANTHONY TROLLOPE, the pleasant and shrewd novelist, has been writing a book about us. It was known that he was here last year, and he did not disguise his literary intention. The work comes at last, and with a peculiar interest as the view of an unusually good-tempered Englishman, who has seen us and chatted with us during the war.

The book is evidently thoroughly English and really friendly. There is a blunt honesty in it which will not surprise those who have read his "West Indies and the Spanish Main," and there is that total want of enthusiasm which marks the true Briton. Mr. Trollope constantly talks of the war, and he understands much more than most strangers who write of it. He makes some capital social criticisms, and all he says is said with that easy, genial humor which disarms all suspicion of bitterness or satire. The work is very entertaining, as every thing he writes must be.

We speak from a taste here and there in various parts; but the flavor is excellent, and will go far to take the taste of the earlier Trollope book out of our mouths. Published by Harper & Brothers.



THE early bird goes to bed the earliest.

The wise child dies the youngest.

The rolling stone sees most of the world.

To be poor in purse and proud in heart is the highest proof-of gentility.

Maidens—a present, young ladies—must be cool and forward; the want of ears to be made amends for by the length of tongue.

Would you be a great man in the world's estimation, never hesitate to tell a lie or be dishonest when you are pretty sure of not being found out.

Never pay what you owe; it is the height of snobism.

The gift of a slippery tongue makes a man more admired than a tenpenny income-tax makes him disliked.

Jones thinks that the adoption of crinoline has tended to keep marriageable young men on the outskirts of female society. No doubt, while the fashion lasts, milliners' bills must continue to be a good round sum.

ALL THE DIFFERENCE.-What is the difference between man and his mother earth? The latter shows its furrows in spring, the former his in autumn.

GREAT CONFEDERATE LOSS.—We fancy by this time that it must be loss of heart.

Any sort of lecture is a bore that tells you nothing but what you knew already, and if every preacher bore this in mind no congregation would ever be bored with a sermon. Some gentlemen denounce as a bore any speech or writing which informs them of what they don't want to know, and which, making them no wiser than they were, they ironically call didactic. What is one man's bore is another man's hobby. What a bore is music or poetry to a man who has none in his soul—that is to say, in his animal nature! Dancing is as great a bore to one man as moral philosophy is to another. Small talk bores some men worse than metaphysics or even than theology. The most insufferable of all bores are wife to husband and husband to wife, between whom the most ardent affection does not exist; but when it does they are tormented with anxiety on one another's account, and that is a bore.


Women first resorted to tight lacing to prove to men how well they could bear sqeezing.

Time works wonders on the faces of Mrs. Tittyvate's friends, but Time never touches Mrs. T.

How beautiful is woman when adversity frowns upon her sister! It is touching to behold the resignation with which a woman sees her best friend compelled, by circumstances, to put down the carriage and suppress her lady's maid.

Widows' Weeds are easily got rid of by planting a late variety of the Seringa—perhaps better known as orange-blossom.

Love at first sight often leads to marriage with the eyes shut.

When I see a bee in the cup of an orange-blossom, he reminds me of the day when the confectioner called for his bill for a certain wedding breakfast.

We are told that "Use is Second Nature." This may be the case with many, but we think with a rare number of people, inasmuch as our enemies generally exceed our friends, it should be, "Abuse is Second Nature."

A woman living up in Jackson County has lost, within eighteen months, two husbands. The first was a common farm hand, able to earn ten dollars per month—the latter, a mill-wright, who earned two dollars a day, but was killed the second week after he had got a steady job for a year. She said to a consoling friend the other day: "It seemed so hard to lose him, just after he'd got a good job, too!"

NELLY GWYNN'S FIRST LOVE. — "My first love, you must know, was a link-boy." "A what?" "'Tis true," said she, "for all the frightfulness of your what; and a very good soul he was too, poor Dick! and had the heart of a gentleman. God knows what has become of him; but when I last saw him he said he would humbly love me to his dying day. He used to say that I must have been a lord's daughter for my beauty, and that I ought to ride in my coach, and behaved to me as if I did. He, poor boy, would light me and my mother home, when we had sold our oranges, to our lodgings in Lewkenor's Lane, as if we had been ladies of the land. He said he never felt easy for the evening till he had asked me how I did; then he went gayly about his work, and if he saw us housed at night he slept like a prince. I shall never forget when he came flushing and stammering, and drew out of his pocket a pair of worsted stockings which he brought for my naked feet. It was bitter cold weather, and I had chilblains, which made me hobble about till I cried; and what does poor Richard do but work hard like a horse, and buy me these worsted stockings. My mother bade him put them on; and so he did, and his warm tears fell on my chilblains, and he said he should be the happiest lord on earth if the stockings did me any good."

A lazy fellow begged alms, saying that he could not find bread for his family. "Nor I," replied an industrious mechanic; "I am obliged to work for it."

The following epitaph is on a tombstone in Berkeley church-yard. The subject of it died in June, 1725, aged 63 years:

Here lies the Earl of Suffolk's fool;

Men called him Dicky Pearse:

His folly served to make folks laugh

When wit and mirth were scarce.

Poor Dick, alas! is dead and gone;

What dignifies to cry?

Dickys enough are still behind

To laugh at by-and-by.

Why can not two slender persons ever become great friends? Because they will always be slight acquaintance.

A man may be called poverty-stricken when knocked down by a beggar.

"What was the matter with Brown who died yesterday?" "Oh, he drank too much beer; that's what aled him."

We are told to have hope and trust, but what's a poor fellow to do when he can no longer get any trust?

Why is a man who beats his wife like an exquisitely formed dog? Because he's a perfect brute.

When is a boy more than a boy? When he is a lad-der.

A young man who was desirous of marrying the daughter of a well-known Boston merchant, after many attempts to broach the subject to the old gentleman, in a very stuttering manner commenced, "Mr. Owen, are you willing to let me have your daughter Jane?" "Of course I am," replied the old man; "and I wish you would get some other likely fellows to marry the rest of them."

The individual who broke the ice by his speech was drowned by applause.

A countryman recently came to town to purchase an article of household necessity, and in passing a music-shop observed ''All sorts of wind instruments for sale here." He forthwith stepped in and asked for a pair of bellows.



ON Tuesday, June 10, in the Senate, a resolution was adopted calling for information as to whether any claims have been made by citizens of the United States for property destroyed by the Federal army, and whether any measures have been taken to ascertain the actual damages in such cases; and if so, what. The treaty with Great Britain for the suppression of the African slave-trade, together with the correspondence on that subject, was referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs. A memorial from citizens of Utah, asking admission into the Union as a State, under the title of the State of Deseret, was referred to the Committee on Territories. The bill making additional appropriations for civil expenses, including the Haytien and Liberian missions, was passed. The Naval Appropriation bill was reported back by the Finance Committee with amendments. A motion to take up the bill amending the Fugitive Slave Law was agreed to by a vote of 25 to 10, and the Senate adjourned.—In the House, a bill to punish fraudulent government contractors was reported by the Judiciary Committee. The bill transferring the Western gun-boat fleet from the War to the Navy Department, was passed.

On Wednesday, June 11, in the Senate, a resolution admitting Messrs. Cannon and Hooper, Senators elect from Deseret, to the floor of the Senate, was laid over, as was also a resolution declaring null and void all acts or ordinances of secession passed by any Legislature or convention, and that loyal citizens of seceded States are entitled to all the privileges guaranteed and conferred by the Constitution of the United States. The Judiciary Committee reported a bill to establish provisional governments in certain cases. The bill amending the Fugitive Slave Law was postponed, and that for the construction of the Pacific Railroad was taken up. Senator M'Dougall explained its provisions, when it was postponed.—In the House, Mr. Stevens, from the Committee of Ways and Means, reported a bill authorizing the issue of $150,000,000 of Treasury notes, not bearing interest, of a denomination not less than five dollars. It was ordered to be printed. Mr. Bingham, of Ohio, presented a preamble and resolution declaring that information has been received by the Government that Hon. Benjamin Wood, a member of the House from New York city, has been engaged in communicating, or attempting to communicate, important intelligence to the rebels in arms against the Government, and directing the Judiciary Committee to investigate the subject and report upon the facts. After some debate, during which Mr. Wood favored the adoption of the resolution, it was adopted.

On Thursday, June 12, in the Senate, Senator Davis, of Kentucky, offered a resolution that the rebel General Buckner, captured at Fort Donelson, and now a prisoner at Fort Warren, ought to be transferred to the civil authorities to be tried for treason, whereof he stands indicted, in the Kentucky District Court. After some discussion, during which Senator Davis said Buckner ought not to be exchanged, but taken to Kentucky and hanged, the subject was laid aside. The bill for the relief of General Grant was passed. The Pacific Railroad bill was then taken up and discussed, and, after an executive session, the Senate adjourned.—In the House the Tax bill was reported back from the Committee on Ways and Means. Mr. Stevens recommended a general non-concurrence in the Senate's three hundred and fourteen amendments, and a committee of conference on the points in dispute between the two Houses. This was agreed to by a vote of 80 against 58. The bill defining the pay and emoluments of certain army officers, conferring citizenship upon all volunteers who serve and are honorably discharged on proving one year's residence, and punishing fraudulent contractors by court-martial with fine and imprisonment, and bringing all contractors under the Articles of War, was passed. The report of the Conference Committee on the bill appropriating five million dollars for bounties for volunteers was accepted.

On Friday, June 13, in the Senate, a bill to carry into effect the new treaty for the suppression of the African slave-trade was reported by the Committee on Foreign Relations. The bill provides for the appointment of United States officers at mixed courts at New York, Sierra Leone, and Cape of Good Hope; each of the three Judges to receive $2500 per annum; also, for the arbitrator at New York to receive $1000 per annum, and the others $2000 each; also, for the clerk of the court at New York to receive the fees pertaining to the office. The appropriations for the Naval Academy, temporarily located at Newport, Rhode Island, and for repairs to the Academy buildings at Annapolis, Maryland, were, after considerable debate, adopted, thus indicating that the Academy will again be restored to Annapolis.—In the House, the Committee on Foreign Affairs made a report that no exigency seems to exist to require the interposition of the Government in behalf of the suffering people of Ireland. The bills to secure more prompt payment of officers and volunteers, and adding 40 surgeons and 120 assistant-surgeons to the army medical corps, was passed; also the bills indemnifying the citizens of Delaware for war expenditures, and prescribing an additional oath to grand and petit jurors serving in United States courts.

On Saturday, June 14, in the Senate, a message was received from the President calling attention to the subject of enlarging the Erie and Oswego canals and locks, so as to admit of the passage of gun-boats. The House bill providing for the more prompt payment of the volunteers was passed. An executive session was then held, and the Senate adjourned.—The House was not in session.

On Monday, June 16, in the Senate, the Naval Appropriation bill was taken up, and Senator Wilson's amendment, that no slaves shall be employed in the navy-yards, dock-yards, etc., was rejected, by a vote of 17 yeas to 18 nays. The appropriation for repairs at the Naval Academy buildings at Annapolis was adhered to, and the bill passed. A joint resolution authorizing the President to purchase Jones's improvement for operating heavy guns

was presented. A debate ensued relative to changing the hour of meeting, and it was resolved that the Senate on and after the 19th instant, meet at eleven o'clock.—In the House, the Committee on Elections reported against the claim of Charles Henry Foster to represent the Second Congressional District of North Carolina. A joint resolution was introduced creating the grade of Lieutenant-General of the army, to be filled, on the restoration of peace, by such eminent Major or Brigadier General as may be nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate, the grade to continue only during the life or service of the person appointed. Resolutions were adopted directing inquiry as to whether our wounded soldiers at Port Republic have been subjected to unnecessary neglect; whether rebel prisoners at Port Royal have been treated better than our own troop; and whether General Banks, while on his retreat, provided transportation for negroes, making our sick soldiers walk; also requesting the Secretary of War to inform the House by whose orders the rebel General Lee's house, near Richmond, is guarded and withheld from hospital purposes. The bill to establish and equalize the grade of line officers of the Navy was then taken up and passed. By this bill admirals take rank with major-generals, commodores with brigadier-generals, etc. The Senate bill reorganizing the Navy Department was also passed, and the House adjourned.


Dispatches from General Halleck, dated on Thursday the 12th, state that spies and deserters from Beauregard's army represent the whole force to be greatly disorganized. Several of the regiments had mutinied, and refused to serve any longer, as their term of enlistment had expired. These troops had accordingly been disarmed, and numbers of them shot for mutiny. A large amount of valuable stores had been destroyed by the retreating rebels. Locomotives and cars in a half consumed state have been found at various points, all showing that the enemy had made a precipitate flight. The whole country south of Corinth has been completely devastated by the rebels to such an extent that the population are in a starving condition.

At latest dates General Pope had reached Okelona, and reports that Beauregard is still retreating. General Price was with him, and Jeff Thompson was at Grenada. General Hindman was said to have gone into Arkansas.


Jackson's army attacked General Shields's advance on Monday morning, near Port Republic. The conflict was maintained for four hours by about two thousand of our men against the main body of General Jackson's army. The enemy's force became to overwhelming in numbers that our advance was compelled to fall back, which it did in good order, until it met the main body of General Shields's command, near Conrad's store. As soon as this was effected the enemy in turn retired.

The subsequent advance our army from General Fremont's head-quarters to Port Republic, Virginia, ascertained the fact that none of the enemy were in the way except the wounded, who lay in every house. The dead found in the road shows that the rebels lost five hundred in that fight. Ambulances and wagons, arms and accoutrements were strewn along the route. A dispatch received at the War Department puts our loss at 125 killed and 500 wounded. Our own loss in officers was severe.


The condition of Memphis at the latest accounts was most satisfactory. The people generally seem rejoiced to enter once more under the protection of the Government. The stores are being opened, and many of the merchants are starting for the Northern cities to buy goods in the old fashion, and applications to ship 6000 bales of cotton have already been made to our authorities; while at the same time the rebel cavalry, who are scouring the country in the vicinity of Grand Junction, are wantonly destroying as much of the staple as they can. The people of Memphis treat our soldiers with kindness and cordiality.

The Post-office and Adams's express office have been opened and business resumed. The state of affairs in the city were thus much improved.


Affairs at New Orleans seem to be progressing satisfactorily. The New Orleans Bee, which was previously suppressed by the General for its advocacy of cotton-burning, has reappeared with an apology and explanation, assuring General Butler that it never intended to recommend the destruction of the crops of the Southern people. Upon this assurance the Commanding General has permitted the issue of the paper.


The Union feeling in Norfolk is progressing. Trade is reviving there, and the sentiments of the citizens in favor of the flag is becoming manifest in public meetings and processions. General Viele has been offered and has accepted a fine house for his head-quarters.


The Richmond Dispatch gives a terrible record of the rebel loss of officers at the battle of Fairoaks. While it puts down the killed in the aggregate, on their side, at only 8000, which doubtless, considerably below the mark, it says that they lost a vast number of officers, including five generals, twenty-three colonels, ten majors, and-fifty-seven captains, either killed or captured. The same paper makes the important admission that our army can at any time cut off the retreat of the rebels South by seizing the railroads at Petersburg, and intimates that a retreat to Lynchburg and the mountains was the only one left to them.


The Charleston Courier says that men in high official positions in the South are at present engaged in a crusade against Jeff Davis and are calling for a convention of the Confederate States to depose the rebel President and put a military dictator in his place.


The jury in the case of Appleton Oaksmith, whose trial at Boston, upon the charge of fitting out a slaver, has been in progress during the past week, on Friday, after thirty minutes' deliberation, rendered a verdict against the prisoner on eight out of the ten counts in the indictment. The penalty for the crime is imprisonment for five years, and five thousand dollars fine, and one year's imprisonment for each one thousand dollars of the fine not paid.


STEAMERS running the blockade were insured at Lloyds at from thirty to forty guineas.



The Paris Moniteur of the 7th of June notifies the blockade of the Mexican ports of Tampico and Alvarado by the Emperor. A French protectorate for the republic was spoken of.



The Spanish documents relative to the affairs of Mexico have been submitted to the Cortes. The impression is reported as unfavorable to General Prim.



The papers publish some very important news from Mexico, fully confirming previous reports of the defeat of the French on the 4th and 5th of May last. The battle was a sanguinary one, and the French Zouaves, who must have fought with great gallantry, suffered severely. The French were only 4000 strong; but the numbers of the Mexicans are not given, though they may be computed at from fifteen to twenty thousand men.




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