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Page) our Government, and "nearly all of them" were against slavery.
Whoever, therefore, administers the Government in their spirit will be "against"
it, and work against it, and take good care that the Government is kept free
from its pollution. And all the more strenuously will they work when they see
that the indication of a popular desire to return to the old faith and practice
has been clutched as the excuse of bloody revolution.
The work is begun, and when the
sun is stopped in the sky it may be stayed. The work is begun, and resting, as
it does, upon the national conviction of justice and policy, it will go on to
its sublime completion. A year has passed since
Sumter fell: and already a
treaty for the more effectual suppression of the foreign slave-trade is
negotiated with England—for the first time in our history a
been hung—by express law the disability of color is removed from
mail-carriers—slavery has been abolished in the District of Columbia—and at the
President's suggestion, by an overwhelming vote in Congress, the national policy
of the fathers, of Washington and Jefferson, of Franklin and Jay, of Adams and
Madison, is restored to the Government. Moreover, the President proposes to
Congress to recognize Hayti—the officers of the army are forbidden to return
slaves escaping from the civil chaos which their masters have occasioned—and the
unconstitutional rigors of the
Fugitive Slave Law are proposed to be
Let no timid soul fear rashness
of action. In the President of the United States Providence has vouchsafed a
leader whose moral perceptions are blinded neither by sophistry nor
enthusiasm—who knows that permanent results must grow, and can not be
prematurely seized—a man who, whatever he has not, has that inestimable common
sense which is the last best gift of Heaven to all who are clothed with great
"DEAR LOUNGER,—I am angry with
you, but you must not resent it until you hear the reason and decide the merits
of the cause. I am jealous of the praise you bestow upon the brave troops of
every State of the Union, without ever as much as mentioning my countrymen—the
Germans—or giving them credit for a single brave action, and you know the latter
are not few. Let me state to you a few facts. In the first place, we come here
to better our condition, and to be free; and, I think, you will acknowledge that
a more law-abiding and patriotic element is not found in our country.
"When this rebellion broke out we
volunteered our full quota to the ranks. Just take, as example, the State of
Missouri. In St. Louis, out of a population of 160,000, 60,000 are Germans.
These have furnished three-fourths of all troops raised in Missouri. Two-thirds
of the principal men in St. Louis (Germans excepted) are Secessionists; but they
were kept at bay by the Germans under the old flag. And through hard trials
these patriots have gone. Three times were the Home Guards of St. Louis attacked
by the mob, but stood their ground well. For a time no soldier in uniform could
go single through the streets of the city without danger of assassination. One
by one did the first Volunteers go to the Arsenal, to fill the regiments that
were recruited there by
Siegel, Blair, Boernstein, Osterhaus, and others, under
Lyon. Nobly have they done their duty every where. Hardly an
engagement but the Germans have had their representives there. Do you remember
Carthage—how General Siegel, with 1500 Germans, whipped 8000 rebels? Have you
forgotten Max Weber at Hatteras Inlet, Willich at Rowlett's Station, or the
Ninth Ohio at
Mill Spring, or Blenker's division at
Bull Run, and the crowning
Pea Ridge, which was so largely due to our own Siegel? I think it is
not right to ignore so entirely the services of an adopted population of about
seven and a half millions of our twenty-three millions. I am your constant
reader, and hold your views of this war as correct and most prophetic. I do
sincerely believe the end will be according to your predictions; for they are
just and right. If a man kicks up a fuss let him bear the consequences. The
leaders in the South will have to answer for many tears shed for the loved ones
who will never return from the bloody battle-field; but to the sword have they
appealed, and by the sword must they be punished."
The Lounger publishes the
preceding letter with the greatest pleasure. He would be a poor American indeed
who did not with all his heart acknowledge the patient and successful valor of
the patriot soldiers of German birth or descent. But the Lounger's correspondent
will understand that in America all citizens are Americans. General Siegel,
General Burnside, stand side by side in this war, through weal
and woe, simply as what they all are, American citizens and soldiers. The effort
to discriminate nationalities among citizens can have no possible good result.
There is no fear but that they will be sufficiently remembered. All that the
Nation asks today, as all that she ought ever to ask, is, Is this man honest
and capable, and is he loyal?
The Lounger's correspondent will
therefore believe that it is not through any unmindfulness of the bravery of the
soldiers of German descent, but merely because as an American he knows no
German, no Frenchman, no Irishman, and no Italian among his fellow-citizens,
that he has not commended soldiers as German, Irish, French, or Italian. He,
with the whole country, acknowledges with grateful admiration and pride that no
name in this war is more illustrious than that of Franz Siegel.
WORDS ARE THINGS.
ONE of the morning papers spoke
lately of "the States composing the Confederacy," meaning the Union. Why not say
Union, then, since the very political question that underlies the war is whether
we are a Confederacy or a Union—in other words, a nation. If the United States
are a Confederacy, .the war is, to say the least, expensive and unwise. That
they are so, has been always the doctrine of the Southern political doctors;
for, foreseeing the present conflict, they have always sought to wean the
Southern mind from patriotism. The Union, in the Southern view, is a Confederacy
of equal States; the Constitution is a treaty, and the system a dissoluble
partnership. It is, in the Southern view, only a new form of the old
civil war words are
things; and for the
same reason that
would not address
Jefferson Davis as His Excellency the President of the
Confederate States of America, ought all loyal citizens and papers to use words
which can not be misconstrued. Our political system is neither a League nor a
Confederacy: it is a national Union, whose law is the law paramount of every
State. It is a form new in history. It is truly a Republic, both one and many.
To call it a system in which States compose a Confederacy is to misunderstand
and misrepresent it.
GOOD AND GREAT TRAITORS.
THE Richmond Enquirer says that
all "the best intellects of the Cotton States have been excluded from public
affairs." On the other hand, Jefferson Davis, in his Message to his Congress
congratulating them upon the retreat of their soldiers at
Pittsburg Landing and
the death of
General Sydney Johnston, alludes to "the shining host of the great
and good who now cluster around the banner of our country." Unless, therefore,
there is a vital difference of opinion between Davis and the Enquirer, this
greatness and goodness are of the purely moral kind, untainted with intellect.
Upon reflection, as all the
leaders who cluster around that drooping and faintly-flapping banner are as good
as they are great and as great as they are good, it is not easy to discriminate
the purely good from the exclusively great. To which category, for instance,
does Floyd, that Ajax of the shining host, belong? Or Pillow? Or Wigfall? Or
Roger Pryor? Or Yancey? Or Judah Benjamin? Or Pickens? Or Pettus? Or Magoffin?
Or Letcher? Or Slidell? Or Mason? Or Toombs? Or
Polk? Or Keitt? Or Rhett? Or
The question is, which of these
great men are also the good men, or which of all these good men are not equally
great? Can it possibly be true that the Enquirer is right, and that the best
intellects have been excluded? Or are these the names of the best intellects
that consent to this infamous rebellion?
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
A TRUE PICTURE OF DESPAIR.-A pig
reaching through a hole in the fence to get a cabbage that lies a few inches
beyond his reach.
If a man is murdered by his hired
men, should the coroner render a verdict of killed by his own hands?
"Haven't you finished scaling
that fish yet, Sam?" said a fishmonger to his boy. "No, master, it's a very
large one." "Why, you have had time to scale a mountain."
The certain way to be cheated is
to fancy one's self more cunning than others.
The ancient Greeks buried their
dead in jars. Hence the origin of the expression, "He's gone to pot."
A dull and plausible man, like an
unrifled gun, is a smooth bore.
"The dear little things!' said an
old nurse, of her mistress's twin-children; "one looks so much like both, you
can't tell thither from which!"
Many a man who is proud to be
quarter-master has a wife at home who is whole master.
WOMAN'S GRIEF.—A stingy husband.
Woman's CROWNING GLORY.—Her
Children are generally very
noisy, but we must except the children of the brain, who do not often make so
much noise in the world as their fond parents desire.
Hopeless old maidenhood or
bachelorhood is matchless misery.
A dentist advertises that he
inserts teeth cheaper than any body else. He might find a bull-dog who would do
it still cheaper.
A poor fellow who had spent
scores of pounds at the bar drinking, one day asked the landlord to trust him
with a glass of liquor. "No," was the surly reply; "I never make a practice of
doing such things." The man turned to a by-stander and said, "Sir. will you lend
me a six-pence?" "Certainly," was the reply. The landlord with alacrity placed
the glass before the man, who swallowed its contents, then, handing the money to
the lender, said,
"Here, Sir, is the sixpence I owe
you. I make it a point, degraded as I am, always to pay borrowed money before I
pay my spirit bill."
Britannia's breast with ity
swells for slaves!
Their wrongs are ne'er forgotten:
Poor maid! we fear her bosom
Are but the rise and fall of
"This is really the tour [tower]
of Babel," as the old
bachelor said when he walked
round the nursery.
It has been ascertained that the
man who "held on to the last" was a shoemaker.
"I'm particularly uneasy on this
point," as the fly said when the boy stuck him on the end of a needle.
The man who makes a boast of
extraordinary shrewdness hasn't got a particle.
A man swallowed a set of teeth
lately, and the last accounts of him stated he was experiencing, as was to be
expected, a terrible gnawing at the stomach.
Some persons shame the devil, not
by speaking the truth, but by outlying him.
Why are umbrellas like
pancakes?—Because they are seldom seen after Lent.
A ducking in cold water destroys
the temper of hot steel, but increases that of a fiery woman.
The human race, like an
auctioneer's goods, are always going—going—gone.
FOR an account of the
OF FORT PULASKI see
On Tuesday, April 15, in the
Senate, Senator Grimes introduced a bill prescribing the qualifications of
electors in the City of Washington, which was laid over. Senator M'Dougall
called up the resolution calling upon the Secretary of War for information
relative to the arrest of General
Stone, and made a long speech in
vindication of that officer. Senator Wade replied. The resolution finally went
over. The Senate soon afterward went into executive session.—In the House, Mr.
Trowbridge called up a motion, heretofore made by him, to reconsider the vote by
which the House adopted a resolution asking the Secretary of War for information
as to the delay in exchanging
Colonel Corcoran, and directing him to stop all
exchanges until Colonel Corcoran should be released. After considerable debate,
the resolution was amended so as to include Colonel Wilcox and other prisoners.
The bill to regulate the franking privilege was considered. On motion of Mr.
Colfax, who explained that the Post-office Committee, with one exception, were
all in favor of the entire abolition of the privilege, in accordance with the
provisions of the bill now before the Senate, the bill was laid on the table, 58
On Wednesday, April 16, in the
Senate, Senator Hale withdrew his resignation of the chairmanship of the Naval
Committee. Bills providing a Territorial government for Kanawha (Western
Virginia), and for the enforcement of the laws of the United States, were
referred. Senator M'Dougall continued his remarks respecting the arrest of
General Stone, and opposed the adoption of the motion calling on the President
for information on the subject instead of the Secretary of War. The Confiscation
bill was then taken up, and Senator Powell, of Kentucky, spoke against it. The
death of Mr. Cooper, representative of the Seventh district of Pennsylvania, was
announced, and the customary resolutions of condolence adopted. The President
sent a special message to both Houses of Congress announcing his approval of the
act abolishing slavery in the District of Columbia. The President appointed
ex-Mayor Berret of Washington, Hon. Samuel F. Vinton of Ohio, and Daniel R.
Goodloe, formerly of North Carolina, Commissioners to determine the validity and
value of the claims presented under the act of
emancipation. Mr. Berret has
since resigned.—In the House, a bill appropriating thirty millions of dollars to
make up deficiencies in the appropriations for the pay of the army was passed by
a vote of one hundred and ninety yeas to two nays—Messrs. Calvert and May, both
of Maryland, voting in the negative. A resolution, reported by the Judiciary
Committee, declaring that the Government should not interfere with the
transmission of intelligence by telegraph, when it will not afford aid to the
enemy, was adopted. The death of Mr. Cooper, of Pennsylvania, was announced,
resolutions of condolence were adopted, and the House adjourned.
On Thursday, April 17, in the
Senate, a joint resolution appropriating $7000 for the relief of the officers
and privates of the Maine battalion, who lost their personal effects on the Port
Royal expedition, was adopted. The bill requiring electors of the District of
Columbia to take the oath of allegiance to the Government was passed. The House
bill establishing a Bureau of Agriculture was taken up. Senator Wright offered a
substitute, providing for an Agricultural, Statistical, and Commercial Bureau,
and made a speech in support of it. A resolution was adopted calling on the
President for the papers and testimony in the court of inquiry in the case of
Lieutenant Fleming, of the navy. The bill providing for a line of steamships
between San Francisco and Shanghai was called up; but without taking action on
it the Senate went into executive session.—The House was occupied all day in
debating the Pacific Railroad bill.
On Friday, April 18, in the
Senate, the select committee appointed to inquire into the circumstances
attending the surrender of the Pensacola and
Norfolk navy-yards, and the armory
Harper's Ferry to the rebels, made a voluminous report, which was ordered to
be printed. With regard to the Norfolk Navy-yard, the committee censure the
Buchanan administration for destroying part of the property there and abandoning
the remainder, as the evidence shows that the yard and the immense war material
therein might easily have been saved by our forces occupying the place, who
numbered one thousand men, while the rebels had only five hundred. Commodore
Paulding, and Captains Pendergrast and M'Cauley are also censured by the
committee. A resolution calling on the Superintendent of the Census Bureau for
the names of all persons who own slaves in the District, the ages of the slaves,
and other information relating to them, was adopted. The bill establishing line
of mail steamers between San Francisco and Shanghai was discussed, and Senator
Howard, of Michigan, made a speech in favor of the Confiscation bill.—In the
House, several private bills were passed, and the Pacific Railroad bill was
discussed in Committee of the Whole. Both Houses adjourned till Monday.
On Monday, April 21, in the
Senate, in addition to petitions in favor of a bankrupt law, and a ship-canal
from Lake Michigan to the
Mississippi River, and memorials in reference to the
Tax bill, a petition was presented from free colored citizens of the United
States, praying that territory may be acquired outside the national limits for
their colonization, and suggesting Central America as a desirable locality. It
was referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs. A resolution calling on the
Secretary of State for the names of all Kentuckians who have been arrested and
held as prisoners of state, and also the names of all who have been released,
was offered by Senator Powell, and laid over. The consideration of the
resolution in regard to the arrest of Brigadier-General Stone was then resumed,
and after a long and somewhat angry discussion the resolution offered by Senator
Wilson, requesting the President, if not incompatible with the public welfare,
to furnish all the information in his possession relative to the arrest and
imprisonment of General Stone, was adopted. The Confiscation bill was taken up,
and Senator Davis, of Kentucky, obtained the floor, but the Senate went into
executive session, and subsequently adjourned.—In the House, a bill making
appropriations for a bounty to the widows and legal heirs of volunteers who may
die or be killed, was referred to the Ways and Means Committee. The Secretary of
War was requested to furnish a statement of the appointments of
Brigadier-Generals from April 1, 1861, to April 1, 1862. The resolution offered
by Mr. Diven, of New York, requesting the Attorney-General to take proceedings
to recover from
John C. Fremont and E. L. Beard the sum of money obtained from
the Treasury on the order of said Fremont, payable to said Beard, as set forth
in the report of the Select Committee on Government Contracts, came up, and
elicited an interesting debate, which terminated in laying the resolution on the
table. A resolution, directing the Judiciary Committee to report back the bill
providing for the trial and punishment of military officers charged with
swindling, was adopted, and the House adjourned.
McDOWELL ON TO RICHMOND.
General McDowell made a dashing
and successful advance, with a portion of his army, from Warrenton Junction,
upon Fredericksburg, on 17th, accomplishing a march of twenty miles by seven
o'clock on the morning of 18th. The rebels, consisting of a regiment of
infantry, one of cavalry, and a battery, intercepted their route, but were
driven across the Rappahannock, and our troops occupied the suburbs of
Fredericksburg, having pushed forward in spite 'of the successful efforts of the
enemy to destroy the bridges, which retarded though it did not prevent the
pursuit of our troops. The Ira Harris cavalry played a conspicuous part in the
action, and suffered considerably. Several of the rebels were killed and
wounded, but the number is not known. Falmouth, opposite Fredericksburg, was
occupied by our troops at seven o'clock on the morning of 18th. The rebels, in
addition to the bridge, burned the steamer St. Nicholas, which they stole in the
Chesapeake Bay several months ago, together with all the other craft in the
river. The municipal authorities of Fredericksburg consented to surrender the
city upon a guarantee of protection to private property; and a meeting between
General Augur and a committee from the City Council was to be held on the 19th.
Vast amounts of grain and forage are stored at Fredericksburg.
BANKS ON TO RICHMOND.
General Banks is moving rapidly
up the valley of the Shenandoah in the direction of Staunton, which place he
will probably occupy in a day or two. Our latest dispatches from his advance are
dated Sparta, Rockingham County, at which place it arrived on 19th, driving the
enemy from an adjacent hill with artillery and charges of
the cavalry. Six thousand of Jackson's troops had passed through the town on
the previous evening and encamped a short distance beyond. A skirmish took place
beyond Sparta on the afternoon of 19th, in which a considerable body of rebels
was dispersed by our artillery. General
Banks's progress is necessarily
considerably delayed by the destruction of the bridges on the route by the
rebels. General Banks reports that the rebels have left Harrisonburg for
Gordonsville, and it was supposed that they were concentrating at Yorktown.
GENERAL HALLECK'S ARMY.
There is no further intelligence
of importance from
General Halleck's army.
General W. T. Sherman has moved his
division two miles farther toward
Corinth, and on 16th had a brisk skirmish with
the rebels, in which he defeated them, killing fifty or sixty, and maintained
his position intact.
GENERAL MITCHELL'S ARMY.
General Mitchell, after seizing
the Memphis and Charleston Railroad from Stevenson to Decatur, marched suddenly
into Mississippi, seized Iuka, 22 miles from Corinth, and burned the bridges at
Decatur and Florence. At the former place he seized the telegraph, and
intercepted the following message from
CORINTH, April 9, 1862. To General Samuel Cooper, Richmond, Va.:
All present probabilities are
that, whatever the enemy move on this position, he will do so with an
overwhelming force of not less than 85,000 men. We can now muster only about
35,000 effectives. Van Dorn may possibly join us in a few days with about 15,000
more. Can we not be reinforced front Pemberton's army? If defeated here we lose
the Mississippi Valley, and probably our cause. Whereas we could even afford to
lose, for a while, Charleston and Savannah for the purpose of defeating Buell's
army, which would not only insure us the Valley of the Mississippi but our
G. T. BEAUREGARD.
THE MISSISSIPPI EXPEDITION.
bombardment of Fort Wright was still proceeding. The firing on the day previous
had been very heavy on both sides. The enemy had done no damage to our flotilla;
whether they had suffered any from our fire was not known. There appears to be
no expectation of an immediate reduction of the fort, as the present high stage
of the water in the Mississippi prevents co-operation on the part of General
Pope's forces, which are at Oceola, Arkansas. Deserters say that the rebel
batteries now mount 40 guns, and that they have 60 more which they are rapidly
putting in position. Bragg, it appears, is in command, having succeeded
Villipique. He is said to have about 600 troops, and has the co-operation of
four gun-boats, mounting 24 guns. Fort Wright, formerly called Fort Pillow, is
the first rebel fortification on the river below
New Madrid. It is near the
mouth of the Hatchie River, a few miles below Oceola, Arkansas, on the opposite
bluff, known as the first Chickasaw Bluff, some 12 miles above Randolph, and 78
FIRE OPENED ON FORT MACON.
From rebel sources we give an
account of the opening of the bombardment by our troops on Fort Macon on
Saturday week, and two days' hard fighting there. The Richmond Dispatch says,
that the fort will, no doubt, be able to hold out against the invaders.
Four companies of the Connecticut
Eighth Regiment had a skirmish on the 12th with a force of rebels of one hundred
and fifty, who made a sortie from Fort Macon, the rebels driving in our pickets.
After a sharp engagement the rebels were driven back to the fort. During the
engagement Fort Macon fired seventy shots at the engaging forces.
OCCUPATION OF APALACHICOLA.
The city of Apalachicola has been
successfully occupied by our troops, thus giving us another important point in
Florida. The capture was effected by the gun-boats Mercedita and Sagamore, with
but little opposition, on the 3d inst. A few shell dispersed the rebels who were
in arms there; and the non-resistant portion of the population were found in an
almost starving condition. The blockade had effectually cut off supplies on the
sea-board, and their resources from inland were not sufficient to maintain the
ordinary comforts of life.
RECONNOISSANCE UP THE
On 14th inst. a portion of the
Potomac Flotilla passed up the Rappahannock as far as Tappahannock, about fifty
miles below Fredericksburg. At Urbana our men, on attempting to land, were fired
upon but without effect, when a few shells, judiciously distributed, scattered
the few rebels there. Two miles from Tappahannock is Lowry's Point, where the
rebels had a strong battery. This was engaged by the flotilla with such success
that the rebels were speedily forced to flee, when our men landed and destroyed
the rebel quarters and secured considerable booty. The fleet remained at
Tappahannock until the 15th, and then returned down the river, having gained
much valuable information.
NASHVILLE RETURNING TO HER FIRST
The City Council of
Nashville, Tennessee, at its last session (April 14th)
passed the following resolutions: Resolved, That the Mayor of the city of
Nashville be, and he is hereby requested and instructed to have the flag of the
United States placed upon all public property belonging to this corporation.
Resolved, That we cordially thank
the officers and soldiers of the United States for the unexampled kindness and
courtesy hitherto extended to our fellow-citizens, and that, as men striving
together with them for the re-establishment of the government of our fathers, we
pledge them our most sincere and hearty co-operation.
Resolutions were also adopted
directing the teachers in the public schools in the city to take the oath of
allegiance or resign.
THE "NASHVILLE" OUT AGAIN.
rebel steamer Nashville
arrived at Nassau, New Providence, on the 1st inst. from Charleston, and changed
her colors to the British, under the name of Thomas L. Wragg. She sailed again
on the 6th, having cleared for St. John's, New Brunswick, having on board a
cargo of arms brought to Nassau by the British steamship Southward. She
doubtless intends to run the blockade at Charleston again.
THE "MONITOR" PANIC.
BOTH Houses of the British
Parliament have been engaged in debates on the inutility of land fortifications
and wooden ships for purposes of coast defense and war, as well as the necessity
of an immediate reconstruction of the British navy, so as to put her in
possession of an iron-armored fleet. The speeches of Lord Hardwicke, a practical
seaman; the Duke of Somerset, First Lord of the Admiralty; Lord Palmerston, Sir
John Pakington, and other prominent men, show that they are greatly alarmed at
the position in which their country is placed by the issue of the conflict
Merrimac and Monitor. The press re-echoes the sentiment; the London
Times assuring its readers that England must not allow to "any other nation a
moment's start" in obtaining the "greatest force of invulnerable vessels," and
that "all other things are secondary to this."
IRON-CLAD SHIPS THERE TOO.
The French iron-plated gun-boat
which arrived in the Seine from Bordeaux about a year ago has been lengthened
and modified in shape; she is now completed, and being wholly roofed in by a
casing of iron plates, presents a remarkable appearance in the water—something
like a gigantic egg. She has two very short funnels, two engines, and is
propelled by two screws.
THE CZAR CATCHES THE DISEASE.
The Russian Government is
determined to save every ruble possible in order to apply the money for the
fitting out of an iron-plated fleet.