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Page) with blood-hounds when you try to escape. What are you likely
to do? Why, you will go through fire and water, through hunger and thirst, by
blood-hounds and hell-hounds, to escape. You will submit to being boxed up; to
stifle in the holds of ships; to endure every chance and all suffering to leave
that island. Though you were born there; though the climate is sweet to you;
though you love the land where you have been imbruted, you will still fly if you
can, and every generous soul in the world will exclaim, God help you!
But suppose that upon that island
you have plenty of well-paid work and ample wages secured to you; suppose that
you are your own master and the father of a family, into which no stranger
enters against your will; suppose that by industry and thrift you may, if you
will, become a proprietor, as you are the civil equal of every other man;
suppose that you love the island as your native soil—its climate is congenial,
your friends and associations are there. Is that a place from which you are
always plotting to escape or hopelessly pining in despair because you can not
get away? Or is it a place to which all of your race and kindred instinctively
turn to find their home and happiness? Do you need blood-hounds and
whipping-posts, manacles and the stake, to keep you there and to repel your
kind? No; you stay there, self-respecting, industrious, and content.
The Proclamation works that miracle. Why should
the black men come here at the very moment that all reason for coming is
removed? They come here to be free, not because they like the North. Make them
free at home, and they will thank you with all their hearts and stay there. Keep
slaves, and of course they will take advantage
of the war and run wherever they can.
WHILE there is a natural
impatience at the delay of our final victory over the rebellion, and an eager
urging forward of the army all along the line, let us not forget the splendid
service already rendered by that army. The details of plans and general
movements are so obscured, and the conflict of responsibility so unsettled, that
no one ought to speak too decidedly of either. But the one paramount,
unquestioned fact is, that the men, fresh from their pursuits of perfect peace,
have fought most bravely, and always better when they felt that they were
handled by an intelligent general. Think of their last great movement. They fell
McClellan from the Peninsula and under
Pope through Eastern Virginia. Nothing
demoralizes an army so surely and rapidly as a general retreat. But through all
that confused and confounding march they fought as well as men under the
circumstances could fight, and unquestionably had the advantage on the Friday
before Pope's final discomfiture.
Yet the retreat ended in wild
confusion, almost dismay, before
Washington. Military and political jealousy
threatened the country even more sorely than the rebellion. The army itself was
disheartened, not because it was not successful, but because it could not
understand what was the matter or what it was about. But it moved promptly into
Maryland. It overtook the foe. It fought the
most gallant battle and won the most important victory of
Antietam, and all this after six weeks of an
experience that might have utterly destroyed it, both from moral and material
It may justly say to us that our
impatience may become unreasonable. It may justly say that we ought to remember
that the rebels may venture much that would be folly in us. It may fairly remind
us that Washington is defended at this moment in the Shenandoah Valley; and,
miserable mud-hole as it is, it is still our necessary, central point. An
advance of the army, military success, is beyond all question absolutely
essential for our cause. For if we go into winter-quarters along the whole line,
it is not probable that we shall come out of them to the battle-field. But while
an advance is necessary, it must be the pursuit of some policy of vigor. It must
be in obedience to a plan which will make success both probable and useful. It
must be of a character to show the country that all the means it so profusely
lavishes are well and wisely used. It must be an advance that will invigorate
the Northern, in the same degree that it terrifies the Southern, heart.
It is not the soldiers who flag.
It is not they who are wanting. Let them feel in every order, in every movement,
in the whole scope and the least detail of policy, a great, energetic,
concentrated purpose, and they will fast enough do the work for which they have
taken up arms.
"I'LL TRY, SIR."
THAT slavery is the chief support
of the rebellion every body knows. For in a population of eight or nine
millions, if there are four millions who are kept hard at work upon the
supplies, the five millions can send off all their fighting men to the field.
That this is a practical truth is obvious enough from general considerations.
But the late advices from the South show the case in the clearest light. In
Texas, and some parts of the Mississippi Valley, a conscription, or forced levy
of slaves, is urged wherever their labor is necessary for the army. And the
Richmond Examiner beseeches slaveholders to
hire their slaves for army service, saying: "Good wages are offered, and proper
care and attention will be given every negro hired for the army, and the
slaveholder ought to remember that for every negro he thus furnishes he puts a
soldier in the ranks."
Now a commander - in - chief of
an army and navy who knows that fact and does not try to turn it to his own
profit and the advantage of his cause is either a fool or a knave. To say that
he can't do it, by telling the substitutes that if they will come to his flag
they shall be free, and if they refuse to "put a soldier in the ranks" he will
protect them as fast as he can, is to beg the question. He can try. If he does
not try, he is incompetent.
Our commander-in-chief has
undertaken to try. If nothing follows, he has done his duty. If Napoleon had
said, "Pooh! I can't take an army and cannon over the Alps," and had folded his
arms, there would have been no Marengo. If Captain Miller, ordered to take a
battery, had said—"Dear me, Sir, I haven't the means!" we should have heard of
his answer only to laugh at it. But when he replied, "I'll try, Sir," he spoke
not only like a soldier, but a man. There are those who insist that the
Proclamation, which is a mere military order, is futile or worse. Very well.
Possibly nothing will come of it. But we will try, gentlemen, we will try.
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
"ALWAYS buy your chestnuts biled,"
said Mr. Snow to Abimelech, who was about investing a penny in that little brown
commodity, " 'cause the raw ones want looking after, and the wormy ones you have
to throw away; but with the biled ones it don't make no difference—worms can't
hurt when they're biled."
"You want a flogging, that's what
you do," said a parent to his unruly son. "I know it, dad, but I'll try to get
along without it."
Who was Scipio's wife?
Mississippi-o, of course.
"There's nothing like leather!"
is an old saying and a true one. It is the sole support of man.
It has been ascertained that the
"man who held on to the last" was a shoemaker.
A darkey's instructions for
putting on a coat were," "Fust de right arm, den de lef, and den gib one general
Now, Terence, have done wid yer
tasing, Do be aisy, and let me alone;
It's the skin from me fingers
ye're squazing; Sure ye think they're as hard as yer own!
I'm worried to death wid yer
prating, And frighten'd clane out of me life; So pray don't be idly consating
You'll ever catch me for a wife.
What is it ye say?—that I'm
That ye won't budge an inch from
me side? Indade, now, ye're mighty provoking,
And I don't know which way to
I'm just like a bird that the
Is coaxing down into his snare;
Och, Terence! ye sly, schaming
Ye're hurting me lips, I declare!
Lave off, Sir! How dare ye to do
I suppose, as ye will have yer
I'd better (but, mind use, yell
Plase yer whim by just naming the
Don't think it's for love
Och, murther! you're stopping me
But only in hopes of preventing
Meself being bother'd to death!
As two gentlemen were discussing
the merits of a popular preacher, one of them remarked, "He always prays for the
widows and orphans, but never says any thing about widowers." The other, an
inveterate old bachelor, replied, "Perhaps it would be more appropriate to
return thanks for them."
An Irish guide told Dr. Janes
Johnson, who wished for a reason why Echo was always of the feminine gender,
that maybe it was because she always had the last word."
"When things get to the worst
they generally take a turn for the better." This proverb applies more
particularly to a lady's silk dress—when she can not get a new one.
Some philosophers were disputing
very learnedly on the antiquity of the world. A man of wit, tired of their long
discussion, said, "Gentlemen, I believe the world acts like some ladies, and
does not choose to have her age discovered."
Mrs. Gubbidge was recently thrown
into ecstasies on being told that she resembled the wife of Socrates. She had
heard of him, and thought it highly complimentary to be told that she resembled
the wife of so great a man!
An eating-house keeper, who kept
a "Rest-your-Aunt," as the French call a cook-shop, and who prided himself on
his ability to get up the best dinners to be had any where, wishing to give the
public the full benefit of his knowledge, perpetrated the following 'sign:" "Try
my dinners —they can't be beat." In an evil hour, however, a wicked crag came
along and dextrously painted over the initial letter of the last word. The
announcement then was—"Try my dinners—they can't be eat."
Fontenelle lived to be nearly a
hundred years old. A lady, of nearly the same age, said to him one day in a
large company, "Monsieur, you and I stay here so long that I have a notion Death
has forgotten us." "Speak as low as you can," said Fontenelle, "lest you should
remind him of us!"
"Why, Jane," said a lady to her
Hibernian assistant, "don't pour that water on the tea; it has not boiled yet."
Och, yes, marrn, it's biled. It biled like any thing this mornin' before
breakfast, an' I saved the wather a purpose for the tay this avenin'."
Tom Moore is the author of the
following gushing little epigram, which has been credited to a dozen others:
"They say thine eyes, like sunny
The chief attraction form;
I see no sunshine in those eyes,
They take me all by storm."
"What do you propose to take for
your cold?" said a lady to a sneezing gentleman. "Oh, I'll sell it very cheap; I
won't higgle about the price at all."
An Irishman was brought up before
a magistrate for the East Riding on a charge of vagrancy, and was thus
"What trade are you?"
"Sure, now, your Honor, I'm a
"You in the sea-faring line? I
question whether you have ever been to sea in your life."
"Sure, now, and does your Honor
think I came over from Ireland in a waggin?"
"Commit him—commit him."
A woman's tears are generally
more effective than her words. In such cases, wind is a less powerful element
That was a stoutish woman, the
widow of the tower-keeper at Andernach, whom his successor in office was obliged
to marry, as she was too fat to be got out of the building either by door or
When may a man be said to be
"dressed in borrowed plumes?"—When he's tarred and feathered.
"Can't change a dollar bill, eh?
Well, I'm glad of that. I've had thirty-six drinks on it in three days, and it
may stand a good deal of wear and tear yet!"
AN INSINUATION.—A boarder was
seen to pick something out of a sausage he was eating. "What is it, Ben?" asked
a boarder, sitting opposite. "A little piece of bark, I believe," replied Ben.
"Well, old fellow, it's my opinion you'd better not hunt any longer, or you
might find a growl pretty soon."
An advertising chandler at
Liverpool modestly says, that, "without intending any disparagement to the sun,
he may confidently assert that his octagonal spermaceti are the best lights ever
"I am surprised, my dear, that I
have never seen you blush." "The fact is, husband, I was born to blush unseen."
A poor man once came to a miser
and said, "I have a favor to ask." "So have I," said the miser; "grant mine
first." "Agreed." "My request is," said the miser, "that you ask me for
"Caught in her own net," as the
man said when he saw one of the fair sex hitched in her crinoline.
Although you count yourself a
brighter fellow than I am, yet I can come round you," as the earth said to the
Praise is the handmaid of virtue,
but the maid is much oftener wooed than the mistress.
ARMY IN VIRGINIA.
THE Army of the Potomac continues
to advance into Virginia.
General Burnside was last heard of at
Purcellville. At 11 A.M. on 31st General Pleasanton came up with the enemy's
cavalry and artillery at Philomont, and engaged them. The fight was conducted
wholly by artillery, and lasted about five hours, when the rebels retreated to
Union, a small town three miles beyond. Our loss in this affair was but one man
killed and fourteen wounded. On the morning of 2d General Pleasanton renewed his
attack at Union, and being soon afterward reinforced by a brigade of infantry,
at one o'clock the rebels again fell back, and our forces occupied Union.
Another portion of our army took possession of Snicker's Gap on 2d.
THE ADVANCE TO SNICKER'S GAP.
Official dispatches from General
Marcy recount the results of our advance to Snicker's Gap. When
General Hancock arrived at the Gap it was held
by the enemy's cavalry, who were driven out by a strong force of nearly six
thousand of our infantry. The rebels made an effort to retake this important
position, but were again driven back by the fire of our rifled guns, and at six
o'clock in the afternoon, on 3d, General Marcy says that General McClellan was
in full possession of the Gap. The rebel forces of
Generals Jackson and Hill are reported to be in
the opposite valley.
Meantime General Pleasanton has
been pushing his reconnoissances forward with much effect. After the artillery
firing ceased between him and Stuart in front of Philomont, on Sunday afternoon,
the rebels came out into an apple orchard and fired from behind the trees. They
were finally repulsed—we losing one man killed and fourteen wounded. Immediately
after the occupation of Philomont General Pleasanton sent a detachment of the
Eighth Pennsylvania cavalry, under Major Keenan, down the road leading toward
Bloomfield. When they approached the woods, about a mile distant, artillery
opened upon them. Presently the enemy brought two guns out in a field to the
left of the road and continued the fire. A section of Lieutenant Pennington's
battery was brought up on the hill near the town and returned the enemy's fire
with fine effect. Our cavalry engaged their skirmishers, and after a fight of
four hours the enemy were driven from their position. General McClellan and his
staff got a splendid reception from the troops on visiting the front at
SICKLES AT WARRENTON.
A dispatch dated
Centreville, November 3, says: "General
Sickles, with Patterson's Brigade, has driven the rebels from Manassas and Bull
Run, below Bristow Station, and will probably encamp near Warrenton Junction
tonight. The railroad to Alexandria has been repaired, the train rescued, and
cars run now as usual to this point."
THOUROUGHFARE GAP SEIZED.
On the evening of 3d our cavalry
drove the rebels out of Thoroughfare Gap, and General Schurz's Division advanced
and took possession of it. The other divisions of Sigel's force, under Stahl and
Van Steinwehr, were within supporting distance, and our cavalry also held
Budsland Mills, Aldie, and the country between the latter point and the front of
General Sigel's advance. Our troops now hold
all the gaps up to Ashby's.
ORGANIZATION OF THE ARMY.
The correspondent of the
Philadelphia Press writes from
Harper's Ferry, under date of October 30: "The
Army of the Potomac will in future consist of three grand armies, nine corps,
thirty divisions, seventy brigades. The first grand army will consist of the
corps d'armee of Major-Generals Reynolds (late Hooker),
Fitz-John Porter, and
W. B. Franklin, and will be commanded by the
Joseph Hooker. The second army will consist of the corps d'armee of
Sumner), O. G. Wilcox (late Burnside),
Banks), and will be commanded by senior
Major-General Ambrose Everett Burnside. The third grand army will consist of the
corps d'armee of Major-General Cox and two others now organized, and to whom
permanent commanders have not yet been assigned by the President. This army will
be commanded by senior Major-General Edwin V. Sumner."
The rebel army in Northern
Virginia is composed of two grand armies, under Lieutenant-Generals Jackson and
Longstreet, consisting of four. corps d'areeJe, of twelve brigades each, with
artillery. The rebel cavalry arm forms a division, under command of
Major-General Stuart, who makes any detail for, or executes any order from,
General Lee, and is entirely under the control
of the Commanding General, this cavalry being an independent organization.
The State election was held in
this State on Tuesday, 4th inst. From the returns thus far received it appears
Horatio Seymour (Democrat) has carried the
State by a small majority over James S. Wadsworth (Republican). In this city
Seymour has a majority of about 31,000 over Wadsworth, showing a
gain, in one year, equal to 48,000 votes. The Democrats have elected all their
Congressmen in this city and the river counties. Among others, the following
members have been elected:
District 1—Henry S. Stebbins
" 2—Martin Kalbfliesch Democrat.
" 3—Moses F. Odell Democrat.
" 4—Benjamin Wood Democrat.
" 5—Fernando Wood Democrat.
" 6—Elijah Ward Democrat.
" 7—John W. Chanler Democrat.
" 8—James Brooks Democrat.
" 9—Anson Herrick Democrat.
" 10—W. Radford
" 11—Charles H. Winfield
" 12—Homer A. Nelson ......
" 13—John B. Steele Democrat.
" 14—Erastus Corning Democrat.
" 15—John A. Griswold Democrat.
" 17—Calvin T. Hurlburd
" 21—Francis Kernan Democrat.
" 26—Giles W. Hotchkiss
" 28—Freeman Clark
The returns from the interior
are, as yet, imperfect and inconclusive. As far as yet heard from Seymour's
majority foots up about 15,000, with a large number of Republican constituencies
to hear from. The election passed off very quietly in this city and throughout
OTHER STATE ELECTIONS.
We have as yet no returns from
Illinois. From Massachusetts we learn that Governor Andrew (Republican) is
elected by a large majority over Devens (People's Union). In Jersey it is
estimated that the Democrats have swept the State, following the example of Ohio
GENERAL ROSECRANS'S COMMAND.
A new military department has
been created, called the Department of the Cumberland, in which
Rosecrans has been assigned the chief command. It comprises the State of
Tennessee, east of the Tennessee River, and such parts of Northern Alabama and
Georgia as may be taken possession of by the United States troops. This command
constitutes the Fourteenth Army corps, and that now under General U. S. Curtis
THE PIRATE "ALABAMA."
pirate Alabama, alias "290,"
is now close upon our coast. From intelligence received by the brig Baron de Castine at Boston, on 2d, it appears that she captured no less than seven
vessels within a few weeks past, and destroyed them all except two, which
Captain Semmes released upon the masters giving bonds, one of them, the ship
Tonawanda, in eighty thousand dollars, and the other, the brig Baron de Castine,
in six thousand, payable to the President of the Confederate States after peace
is established. The last appearance of the Alabama was in latitude 39° north,
longitude 69° west, off the capes of the Delaware, and directly in the track of
the California steamers. This formidable craft has captured since she got to sea
no less than twenty-two vessels, nineteen of which were destroyed and the rest
bonded and released.
AFTER THE "ALABAMA."
Orders have been received at the
Brooklyn Navy-yard to dispatch to sea at once three men-of-war, of which the
Vanderbilt is one. The others are the United States steamer Dacotah, one of the
vessels of the regular navy, and the ship Ino, a craft pretty heavily armed.
DEATH OF GENERAL MITCHELL.
General Ormsby McKnight Mitchell,
the great astronomer and gallant soldier, died at Port Royal, South Carolina, on
30th October, of yellow fever. The disease is said to be very prevalent there.
ANGLO-REBEL CRAFT AT BERMUDA.
Notwithstanding the vigilance of our gun-boats, we find that the British
steamers Gladiator, Minho, and Ouchita, all laden with cotton from the South,
had run out of port at Bermuda for England. False signals were thrown out from
the shore in order to decoy the Union vessels from their station just as the
Minho sailed. They had the effect desired by the English sympathizers and
traders with the rebels.
MORE PRIZES TAKEN.
We learn from
Port Royal that two
Anglo-rebel steamers—the Anglia and Scotia—were captured on the 27th ult. by our
cruisers. The latter is valued at $600,000, and the former at $300,000. Both
prizes were taken into Port Royal. The rebel steamer Minnaho was chased and
driven ashore at the same time. She was bound for
Charleston with stores for the
CAPTURE OF SABINE PASS.
New Orleans Delta of the
23d we find a brief account of the expedition which captured Sabine Pass, of
which we have already received some intelligence from the rebels. This affair
was a most brilliant one throughout, reflecting great credit upon all engaged in
it—excepting the rebels. The vessels engaged were the United steamer Kensington,
Acting-Master Crocker commanding; the United States schooner packet Seaman, and
the bomb-schooner Jonas, Captain Pennington. The expedition, within fifteen
days, captured one fort and two camps, and burned thirty buildings used as
barracks and store-houses, containing a large amount of ammunition and
provisions. It also captured four schooners, two sloops, and one steamer,
besides quite a number of sunken vessels, which were burned.
HOW TO STOP GUERRILLAS ON THE
Rear-Admiral D. D. Porter has
issued orders that "any vessel that may be fired on by guerrillas, or other
persons, will do all damage in her power to the vicinity from which she was
attacked, in order to repress the outrageous practice of guerrilla warfare.
HINDMAN IN PRISON.
The rebel General Hindman, it
appears, is in prison at
Little Rock, Arkansas, and is soon to be conveyed to
Richmond for trial on a series of charges preferred by General Albert Pike, of
scalping notoriety. It is charged that he obtained a million of dollars from the
Memphis on the assumed authority of Beauregard; that after getting
possession of the money he issued some "most extraordinary military orders,"
among others that the wells should be poisoned throughout the country where the
Union forces of General Curtis were expected to pass.
NEGOTIATIONS IN NORTH CAROLINA.
On the 22d, Governor Stanly, the
Union Governor of North Carolina, by flag of truce, dispatched a communication
to the rebel Governor Vance, proposing an interview, without any ceremony or
raising any questions of dignity or rank between himself and Governor Vance. If
the above proposition should be declined, then that commissioners be appointed
by Governor Vance for a conference with Governor Stanly upon the present state
of public affairs and the aspect of the war.
THE PALMERSTON CABINET ON
THE British Cabinet has given a very decided contradiction to Mr.
Gladstone's Newcastle theory of Southern nationality; for Sir George C. Lewis,
the Secretary of State for War, has made a speech in which he denies the right
of the rebel States to European recognition, on the ground that they "have not
yet accomplished their independence." Lord Palmerston has delivered speeches,
during a rural tour, on a variety of subjects, home and foreign, but did not
allude to the American question.
THE LIVERPOOL CHAMBER OF
At a meeting of the council of
the Liverpool Chamber of Commerce the question of the recognition of the
Southern Confederacy cause up for discussion. Mr. M'Fie, one of the members, had
given notice of a motion on the subject, intending that a special meeting of the
Chamber should have been called to consider the propriety of memorializing
Government in favor of the recognition. After some conversation Mr. M'Fie
intimated that he wished to recall his intention on the subject—a statement
which was received with general satisfaction, several members present observing
that the policy maintained by the Government hitherto was the only correct
policy to be pursued under the circumstances.
A CHANGE OF MINISTRY.
M. Thouvenel, Minister of State
of France, has resigned his position in the Emperor's cabinet. M. Thouvenel was
regarded as a warm official friend of Mr. Slidell and the Davis government. M.
Thouvenel has been succeeded in the French cabinet by Baron Drouyn de l'Huys, a
friend of the cause of the United States.
A CIRCULAR FROM MR. SEWARD.
A Berlin correspondent, writing
on the 15th of October, gives the points of a very important circular from
Secretary Seward, on the subject of intervention, to our Ministers at the
European courts. This paper, which is published in the Frankfort Gazette, states
Mr. Lincoln had not at the period of its date received any offer of foreign
intervention; but that if such were tendered it would meet with a "categorical
refusal," as such interference would only "envenom" the contest and prolong the