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Robert E. Lee Portrait
Page) that State to West Point, and graduated in 1848, entering the
Second Dragoons as Second-Lieutenant. He served in his regiment until the
outbreak of the rebellion, when he was transferred to the Inspector-General's
Department, with the rank of Assistant Inspector-General. Last year he obtained
permission to go on active service, and got a cavalry command in the Army of the
Potomac, at the head of which he has greatly distinguished himself. We have
illustrated his gallant charges on more than one occasion.
GENERAL JUDSON KILPATRICK
was born in New Jersey about the
year 1838, and is consequently about twenty-six years of age. He entered West
Point in 1857, and graduated in 1861, entering the First Artillery. Within a
week he was promoted to a First Lieutenancy, and soon afterward obtained leave
to accept a Lieutenant-Colonelcy of Volunteers. He was in the Army of the
Potomac, and served throughout McDowell's and
McClellan's campaigns, winning the
confidence of his superior officers and of his men. His capacity led to his
selection to command a regiment of cavalry; and when Stoneman's great raid was
undertaken he was given command of one of the brigades. How well he discharged
his duty—how daringly he rode through Virginia, destroying the rebel
communications and threatening the rebel capital itself—every body still
remembers. General Kilpatrick still has a large cavalry command, and is likely
to make his name still more famous before the war ends.
WE devote pages 536 and 537 to
illustrations of the SIEGE OF FORT WAGNER, from drawings just received from
thence. One large picture gives us a general view of MORRIS ISLAND, showing Fort
Wagner, Battery Gregg,
General Gilmore's Works, his Camp, and Landing-Place, and
Admiral Dahlgren's Iron-clad Fleet; other smaller designs illustrate our
advanced works, Fort Wagner, hauling guns into position, mortar practice, etc.,
We have recorded from week to
week the progress of our work before
Charleston. By way of explaining the large
view of Morris Island we append the following extract from the Herald
Every morning two or more of the
iron-clads move up into position off Wagner, at a distance of from one thousand
to one thousand seven hundred yards, and deliver their shot and shell into the
rebel work. The firing from Wagner has within the week past become irregular,
and almost every time the iron-clads attack it the firing from it ceases in half
an hour or forty-five minutes after the commencement. Yesterday only one gun was
observable upon the work, and no signs of another could any where be seen. The
one gun in sight is a 10-inch rifle, and from it they have made some excellent
practice. In the attack on Monday morning last only two shots were fired from
Wagner, and both of them struck the
Montauk, but, as usual, doing no damage. The
firing then ceased, and the remainder of the day the fort was silent. The ball,
however, is regularly taken up by Battery Gregg (the old
Fort Sumter, from both of which excellent firing has been made. In
the position usually occupied by the iron-clads during an engagement they are
within good range of Sumter; indeed, shots have been fired at them from Fort
Moultrie, and not falling very far short. The beach in front of Fort Wagner is
cut and scooped up as though a party of navvies had been seeing how irregular
they could make it look. The parapet also and casemate of the fort look scarcely
like any thing more than heaps of sand, so much have they been torn to pieces by
shot and shell.
Although each day more or less
firing from the fort is seen, yet it must be nearly untenable, and the fire of
the iron-clads for half an hour silences it. Deserters, who were in the fort on
the 18th of July, the day of tbe bombardment and storming, say that the
explosion of the eleven and fifteen inch shell was frightful. Burying themselves
in the earth, they exploded and dug immense holes, throwing the earth high into
the air and over every thing around.
It is but proper to say the
Montauk has been engaged more hours and thrown more shot and shell, grape and
canister, than any other iron-clad. Testimony to the effectiveness of her shots
is borne on all hands. Mr. Giraud, the executive officer of the Montauk, is
known as one of the best shots in the service, and he rarely fails of hitting
the object upon which he sights his guns. It is thought he has not lost a dozen
shots in the three weeks' duty off Morris Island.
On James Island, over beyond
Morris Island, and somewhat in the rear of Fort Johnson, are two new rebel
batteries, which have been erected within the last ten days. The result of the
firing upon Wagner has shown how probable it is that we shall soon possess and
occupy it; and these new batteries are for the purpose of an enfilading fire.
They look formidable as batteries, and yesterday they opened, throwing shot on
Morris Island, and even near the iron-clads. They probably mount four or six
guns each, though of what calibre it is impossible to state.
But General Gilmore is at work as
well, and undoubtedly his efforts to possess all of Morris Island will soon be
successful. The batteries which he used on the 18th inst., and indeed since,
will be superseded by works more extensive, which he is throwing up three
hundred yards in advance. These works if not entirely, will soon be completed.
Already they are of such magnitude as to excite the wonder and admiration of all
beholders. The front of the work extends far up the beach, and can not be more
than seven hundred yards from Fort Wagner. It will not surprise some if, when
this work is finished, General Gilmore entirely discards Wagner and turns his
attention to a more ancient and familiar locality. His batteries, in the centre
of Morris Island, cover any approach from James Island, if it was possible to
make one from that direction. The lower end of Morris Island is as busy as a
work-shop in unloading and transporting guns, carriages, ammunition, and stores.
On the shelving beach, under the bluffs, his men are encamped, and morning and
evening witness the company drill and the dress parade. The whole extent of the
beach is alive from dawn to dusk with the men and horses, who are accomplishing
the work from which so much is hoped.
From the new work a wharf has
been built out upon the beach, affording quite a depth of water at high tide.
This has been constructed under the fire of rebel guns, as all the work has been
since the landing on the island.
A letter of the 5th, published in
the Times, contains the following:
The preparations for renewing the
attack on Fort Wagner are progressing as rapidly and favorably as could be
desired. There is not an officer or private in the entire Department who is not
sanguine of the fall of Fort Wagner on the renewal of the assault. The same
buoyant feeling is also shared by the naval officers, many of whom are positive
in their belief that Charleston will be in our possession before the close of
the summer months. Within the past three days General Gilmore has added numerous
and heavy guns to his line of attack, and the unceasing toil day and night of
the men upon the trenches indicates that work of a different character will soon
commence. It would perhaps be superfluous to add that reinforcements have been
arriving at Morris Island since the late fight, so that the strength of the
enemy, when the next battle occurs, will be severely tested. These
reinforcements are greatly needed, as many of the soldiers who have been digging
in the trenches and attending to
other duties are completely worn-out from continued exposure and labor.
The public may rest assured that
the heavy ordnance now trained and to be trained on Forts Sumner and Wagner will
be manned by men who have been educated to the business.
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
OUT-OF-DOOR GAMESTER AND SUMMER
Pedestrianism.—A large assemblage
is expected to witness a novel Walking Match against time. An Amateur has backed
himself to walk into a Pigeon Pie in less than two minutes.
Archery.—The shooting match for
children under eight years of age is to commence in a few days. The targets will
be provided with bull's eyes from the nearest sweet shops.
A lady, teaching in a ragged
school one Sunday evening, was trying to impress on her class of young city
Arabs the ditty of thankfulness to Providence; and, to begin at the lowest and
most tangible proposition, asked them to mention the pleasures which in the
course of the year they enjoyed the most; holidays on some fine neighboring
downs being, in her unsophisticated mind, the probable reply to her question,
or, at the worst, the good Christmas dinner provided by the guardians of the
school. The class, composed of ten or a dozen lads between sixteen and eighteen,
all sat very still for a moment in profound cogitation. Then the leader lifted
his head, looked the lady straight in the face, and answered, "Cock-fightin',
An Irish piper, who now and then
indulged in a glass too much, was accosted by a gentleman with—"Pat, what makes
your face so red?" "Plase your Honor, I always blush when I spakes to gintlemen."
An unwilling juryman recently
excused himself from serving by a letter, of which the following is a literal
copy: "Sir,—As I am a Fauriner and my lengwich Danish I am not ettal compitint
of the English lengwich to be a jewry man and my contious du not alow me to
geive my openian en wat I do not enderstan—An answer vel oblight."
ALL RIGHT.—A lady at sea, full of
apprehension in a gale of wind, cried out among other exclamations, "We shall go
to the bottom. Mercy on us, how my head swims!" "Madam, never fear," said one of
the sailors, "you can never go to the bottom while your head swims."
PLUCK.—A young warrior was
observed to be seized with a sudden quaking and shivering all over his body.
Whereupon some one asked him what was the matter. "My flesh," replied he,
"trembles at the forethought of those dangers whereunto my undaunted heart will
certainly carry me."
"Never judge from manners," said
Lord Byron, "for I once had my pocket picked by the civilest gentleman I ever
One of the stories told by Mr.
Gough of his experiences, is that of his once being "nearly floored with an H,"
though it was not so much the misplaced H that hit him as that which accompanied
it. He was about to address a large audience on his favorite theme of
temperance, and the chairman, a rotund man, undertook to introduce him.
Happening to recollect the miracle of Samson getting water from the jaw-bone
with which he had slain the Philistines, and thinking to turn it to account, the
chairman said: "Ladies and gentlemen, I 'ave the 'onor to introduce to you the
distinguished lecturer, Mr. John B. Gough, who will address us on the subject of
temperance. You know that temperance is thought to be rather a dry subject; but
to-night, as we listen to hour friend the horator from hover the hocean, we may
'ope to 'ave the miracle of Samson repeated, and to be refreshed with water from
the jaw-bone of a hass!"
When a man takes more pleasure in
earning money than in spending it, he has taken the first step toward wealth.
A highly civilized New Zealander,
now a partner in an English commercial house at Sydney, says that in his younger
days he was greatly addicted to the use of human flesh; and being a candid and
really high-minded man, he admits that although he has now acquired different
tastes, the relish with which he partook of cannibal feasts, especially when a
young female was served up, is still a matter of a by no means disagreeable
recollection to him.
Tompkins considers that a
briefless barrister ought never to be blamed; "for it is decidedly wrong to
abuse a man without a cause."
An ill-bred fellow, who had
suddenly risen to wealth by some profitable Government contracts, went to the
opera, and stood up with his hat on. "We must forgive the man," whispered a wag;
"he has so short a time been used to the luxury of a hat that he doesn't know
when to take it off."
A LUCID EXPLANATION.—A gentleman
on board a steamboat with his family, was asked by his children, "what made the
boat go?" when he gave them a very minute description of the machinery and its
principles, in the following words: "You see, my dears, this thingumbob here
goes down through that hole and fastens the jigmaree, and that connects with the
crinkum-crankum; and then that man—he's the engineer, you know—kind o' stirs up
the what-do-you-call-it with a long poker, and they all shove along, and the
boat goes ahead."
ADVERTISEMENT.—A gentleman with a
few hours to spare will be happy to lend them to any body who can't otherwise
get a minute to himself.
HOW TO GET INTO A SCRAPE.—Shave
with a blunt razor.
Why is a lovely young lady like a
hinge?—Because site is something to adore.
Of all the dust thrown in men's
eyes, gold dust is the most blinding.
Beef steaks are very good thing,
but undoubtedly they sometimes need to be hauled over the coals.
"I feel the point, but don't see
the joke," as the sheep said to the butcher's knife.
Of all the Percy family the
noblest is Percy Vere (persevere), and the most cruel Percy Cute (persecute).
HORTICULTURE FOR LOVERS.—Watching
the growth of affection.
A certain lady had been much
annoyed by the ringing of her door-bell by the mischievous boys in the vicinity,
and determined to be no more made a fool of by going to the door. In the course
of the forenoon her minister called to see her, dressed in his sprucest manner;
he ascended the steps and gently drew the bell-handle, when the lady shouted
from the entry, "I see you, boy; if I catch you I'll wring your neck!" The
frightened gentleman immediately rushed down the steps, through a small crowd of
young scamps, and has not called at that house since.
The heart, like a watchman,
should confine itself to its regular beat.
A friend inquires whether man can
not vote by telegraph. This is a question for political wire-workers to solve.
Our own opinion is that it depends entirely upon the regulations of the poles.
THE NEW RIFLE MOVEMENT.
ABLE-BODIED VOLUNTEER. "Hallo,
Gawky, my boy! what's all this about?"
INVALID DITTO (in gasps). "Oh,
I—fact is—shooting the other day at—our Long Range—thought I'd try—Farquharson
Position—made a centre, but—dislocated both my—shoulder-blades—concussion of the
funny-bone and a crick in my neck ever since!"
For the benefit of the
uninitiated we subjoin the practice referred to by our invalid friend:
"THE 'FARQUHARSON POSITION.'—Let
a man lie down on his back, cross his legs, and place a rifle butt into his
right shoulder, with the barrel resting on the limbs. Having done this, let him
bring the left arm round the back of his head and take hold of the butt of the
rifle, the left elbow pressed against the head, somewhere on the right lobe,
near the bump of 'cautiousness'—no bad quality for a rifle-shot, by-the-way. If
a man can do this, not as a gymnastic feat, but easily, so as to make
bull's-eyes at 1000 yards in that remarkable attitude, he will be as clever as
A ten-year-old, who, though
ungovernable, calls his father governor, asked his older sister, "Is the
governor up stairs, Maria?" "If you mean father, yes." "Well, then, tell him if
he wants to speak to me about staying out late of a night, he had better come
down and do so now, as I have got an appointment at ten o'clock to supper with
the two Miss Sparkles! Be lively, there's a good girl!"
A deceased chief justice once
addressed a jury in the following model speech: "Gentlemen of the jury, in this
case the counsel on both sides are unintelligible; the witnesses incredible; and
the plaintiffs and defendants are both such bad characters that to me it is
indifferent which way you give your verdict."
Among the Caffres agriculture is
considered to be a kind of labor unworthy of a warrior, and is therefore
entirely left to the women. When they first saw a plow at work they gazed at it
in astonished and delighted silence. At length one of them gave utterance to his
feelings: "See how the thing tears up the ground with its mouth! It is of more
value than five wives!"
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