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Page) crack. There have been two distinct movements upon that city,
one by land and one by water. Both failed; and now, combining the two forces, it
is clearly with
General Gilmore but a question of time. The brilliant and heroic
assault of the 18th July, in which we were foiled, although desperate and sadly
fatal, has been to the Commanding General and to the rest of us a lesson. But it
has not in the least impaired the courage of the soldiers, nor affected public
confidence in the result. The general conviction that we have learned how to
make war, and mean to make it, so fully satisfies the national mind, that even a
repulse so serious as that at Fort Wagner does not seriously affect the most
sensitive of meters, the stock list. With
Banks in Louisiana, and
Grant upon the
Rosecrans in Tennessee, Gilmore at
Virginia, we know that our armies are in the hands of the most competent and
resolute commanders; men who have proved that they know how to fight and how to
use victory; men who have shown the earnestness of their convictions as well as
the fidelity of their patriotism; men who wish to conquer not only peace, but
peace that shall secure the national honor, and compensate America and the world
for this fearful but holy war.
WHENEVER, as at this moment, the
prospects of the rebellion are profoundly gloomy, we must expect that the tone
of the Copperheads will be correspondingly defiant. For, discomfited within its
own lines, the only hope of the conspiracy will be the prospect of serious
division within ours.
It is not surprising, therefore,
that the rebels at the South should be told by those at the North that
Seymour has sworn, by his sacred word and honor, that no citizen shall be
"kidnapped" by "Abolitionist howlers" until the constitutionality of the
Conscription act shall have been tested by the New York courts. If Mr. Horatio
Seymour has made any such pledge, he has planted himself squarely upon the South
Carolina nullification platform of thirty years ago—that the State authorities
are competent to annul the National legislation, and that a State may release a
citizen of the United States from his allegiance. But as the United States is
engaged in a formidable war to refute this theory in some States, it is hardly
likely to assent to it in others. If Mr. Seymour has made any such pledge, and
means to try to redeem it, he is going to try to plunge the State of New York
into Jefferson Davis's rebellion.
That is precisely what the rebels
wish; and it is to cheer them with the hope that it is so, or that there is a
large faction which wishes it were so, that the announcement is made in the
Copperhead journals. Of course, the amiable papers that thus seek to begin the
battle in all the towns and cities of the North are those that lament most
loudly over this "wicked," "cruel," "fratricidal" war, and who assiduously
proclaim their desire of "peace." By their fruits ye shall know them.
ABOUT "AN OPEN LETTER."
THE Jewish Messenger of this
city, "A Jew" who writes to us from Cincinnati, and "S. A. S.," a gentlemanly
correspondent in Philadelphia, complain that "an open letter" in our issue for
Aug. 1 is an insult to the Jewish citizens of this country.
But how can a charge against an
individual and those who are like him be construed into an attack upon those who
are not like him? Why should the person to whom the Lounger speaks be erected
into a representative of other persons, who are neither mentioned nor implied?
The fact of a different religion in the disloyal citizen to whom the letter was
written, like that of his foreign birth, is mentioned to show his entire
divergence from the stream of civilization in this country.
The editor of the Messenger, and
"A Jew," and "S. A. S." are informed that the letter was not addressed to an
imaginary person; that it fells the truth of the individual to whom it was
written, and of "the thousands like him," which is a form of expression for the
very many like him who are known to the Lounger. If they are unknown to his
correspondent and to the Messenger, their ignorance does not authorize them to
charge the letter upon the Lounger as an insult to loyal citizens of the Jewish
faith, who are known to the Lounger quite as well as they are to any one.
Unless, therefore the Jewish
Messenger can establish that the statements made of his own knowledge by the
Lounger in "an open letter" are, as the paper declares, "ungentlemanly and
shameful," and unless "A Jew" can substantiate his assumption that a letter
speaking of mercenary, and selfish, and disloyal citizens of the Jewish faith is
an insult to all of that religion, the Lounger requires of them both a frank
acknowledgment of their haste and injustice.
FROM NEW ORLEANS.
A WAG in
New Orleans heads a
letter to this paper: "From a New Orleans Union man," and then proceeds to
remark, "Its politics suits not the spirit of the Confederate sympathizers, or
rather, I should say, the full-blooded Southerner." To which we should say,
The "New Orleans Union man"
"The downfall of the once
glorious American Union is fast hastening to decay; and soon will the prophetic
words of Daniel Webster, of Henry Clay, of Calhoun be verefied; and verily
believe that the destruction of this once great Republic will be as complete as
was the Destruction of the Temple of Jerusalem by Titus the Roman Emperor.
Methinks I see it now, and when it shall come, woe shall befall the authors of
the Destruction of the ship of state.
"Old Gabe's carreer is coming to
a close, but methinks he shall never seek the quet of domestic life. When his
time comes, as it surely will come, his long loggerhead containing those
puritanical brains which are unfit to drive a baker's cart, instead of guiding
the helm of the nation will be desected from his body, then there shall be real
disunion. There is a storm brewing, and when it burst forth It shall blow a
mighty Hurricane. The Despots at
Washington may well tremble with
fear, for they shall be hurled to H—l, where Old Nick is only fit to take charge
This is the kind of "Union man"
that our loyal friends, the Copperheads, wish to send representatives to
Congress. And it is for his strict and faithful dealings with such men that the
same authorities call
General Butler "a beast."
BIRDS OF A FEATHER.
THE real sympathy of the
Copperhead journals is occasionally betrayed in the most amusing and unexpected
manner. When the late riots, arsons, and massacres took place in the city of New
York, these papers gravely called them "movements of the people," "popular
uprisings," etc., with the intention of cheering the rebels with the hope of a
counter-insurrection at the North, and of sustaining the faith of foreigners
that our country was ruined. The late arrivals bring the comments of the London
press upon the mobs. The London Times, the most venomous and furious of all our
English enemies, speaks in the exact strain of the Copperheads. That open,
notorious, and desperate foe of our Government and of free institutions uses the
same terms which the more stealthy abettors of the rebellion use in New York and
elsewhere, and says that "the people are expressing their disgust at the war,"
The Times has learned by this
time—what its allies, the Copperheads, learned a month ago—that the murderers,
incendiaries, and ruffians of the city of New York are not "the people;" while
the identity of comment upon the riots reveals the perfect sympathy between the
"OUR BLACK ARMY."
A CALM, elaborate, and careful
paper upon "Our Black Army," in the Philadelphia North American, signed "Kent,"
is unquestionably written by Sidney George Fisher, whose work upon the "Trial of
the Constitution" has been already discussed in these columns. The paper is the
more important as coining from one who has not been known as an Abolitionist,
but whose views upon the subject of race would certainly provoke the hearty
disapproval of the whole body known by that name.
But the cause of civil liberty
and order is the cause of man. Dealing, therefore, with the facts of the war,
"Kent" pierces and exposes the shining sophistries of those who profess to be
loyal to the Government but a little more loyal to Slavery; and shows
conclusively that the war has, and necessarily, developed into a war on the part
of the white race for the guarantees of civil society, and upon that of the
black for personal liberty. He pricks the pretended argument of the demagogue
who insists that we must fight the rebels "moderately; and carry the sword in
one hand and slavery and conciliation in the other," by the simple truth. "These
words being translated mean, 'If you arm the negroes you will destroy slavery.
What hope, then, will there be of restoring the old alliance between Slavery and
Democratic party—of restoring the Union as it was?' " Common sense answers,
None at all.
"Kent" says truly of the slaves,
"They have no hope or interest in this war that should induce them to wish
success to the North, except deliverance from Slavery." That, then, must be the
motive to which we appeal. Freedom must be the
black soldier's bounty. Do we
hope for their aid by promising the restoration of a Union which would
hopelessly enslave them forever? Do we expect men to fight valorously to bind
chains upon themselves?
"We are fighting," says our
author, "for an empire; they wish to fight the same battle for freedom. We are
fighting that we may have a government worthy of the name, able to protect us in
our civil and political rights; they ask to be permitted to fight in the vague
and uncertain hope that they may be regarded as men, and not as merchandise;
that they may henceforth belong to themselves, and not be bred for sale and
bought and sold like the beasts of the field. Is not their purpose and hope as
lofty as ours? Let us then fight side by side in this war." That is what every
loyal man should bear in mind. If our Government has any value, it is in its
protection of personal rights. And if, for the purpose of establishing that
guarantee for the many, the rights of some persons were not secured, who will
not thank God that the price of the perpetuity of the Government is the
protection of the rights of every man subject to it? The heart, the conscience,
and the brain of the country no longer differ upon this point.
THERE is something charmingly
naive in the proposition that after the battle of Yorktown General Washington
ought to have called Benedict Arnold into his councils and followed his advice.
But we have been lately entertained with something quite as good. For now that
the Mississippi is opened—that
Lee is defeated—that
Rosecrans is looking for
Bragg—that the interior lines are cut —that the means of communication are
destroyed —and that the military reduction of the rebellion begins to appear—a
feeler is put forth to the effect that our foreign relations are so threatening
that the Government is about to abandon the policy and the advice under which it
has been successful, and intends to ask the friends and allies of the rebellion
to direct public affairs!
Papers and people who have
persistently published their faith that the Administration is imbecile naturally
print and solemnly believe this waggery. Loyal citizens who believe their
Government to be both sensible and earnest smile and
AND NAVY ITEMS.
GENERAL BURNSIDE has ordered that
no permits whatever shell be granted to visit the prisoners confined at Camp
Morton and Camp Chase, Ohio, whether officers or privates.
The United States steam
Hartford, from New Orleans, with the gallant
Admiral FARRAGUT in command,
arrived at this port on 10th inst.
The report of General HURLBUT'S
resignation is premature. General HALLECK declines to accept it, and General
HURLBUT therefore remains in command of the Sixteenth Army Corps.
General GEORGE B. McCLELLAN and
family (says the Sag Harbor (Long Island) Corrector of the 8th instant) arrived
in town on Thursday, en route for Easthampton, where the General proposes
passing a few days, seeking the quietude and retiracy of our island home.
Acting-Master ROBERT TAW has been
detached from the receiving-ship North Carolina and ordered to the command of
the gun-boat Queen, at Boston. Mr. TAW was taken prisoner on board the I. P.
Smith, at Stone Inlet, South Carolina, by the rebels. After a short confinement
at Richmond he was exchanged.
Marine Corps.—Captain E. M'DONALD
REYNOLDS sailed in the Arago on 1st to join the Wabash in the South Atlantic
Captain WILLIAM L. SHUTTLEWORTH,
First Lieutenant GEORGE P. HOUSTEN, Second Lieutenant EDWARD C. SALTMARSH, and
Second Lieutenant KINGMAN FLINT sailed in the Union on the 6th inst., to relieve
the officers at the Pensacola Navy-yard.
Second Lieutenant BISHOP is
ordered to command the guard of the United States ship Vermont at Port Royal. He
sailed in the Union.
Captain P. R. FENDALL has been
ordered to the Portsmouth Navy-yard.
First Lieutenant WILLIAM H.
CARTER has been ordered to report for duty at the New York Navy-yard.
First Lieutenant FRANK MUNROE has
been ordered to join the Roanoke.
First Lieutenant RICHARD S.
COLLUM has been ordered to the naval depot at Cairo, Illinois.
Commander WOODSWORTH has been
ordered to the command of the Narragansett.
Brigadier-General W. W. ORME, of
General HERRON'S command, had arrived in New Orleans.
It will gratify the friends of
the late Brigadier-General GEORGE C. STRONG to know that President LINCOLN has
forwarded to the wife of the lamented officer a Major-General's commission,
bearing the date of the battle on Morris Island in which he received his fatal
General BLAIR left St. Louis for
Washington on 6th. General THAYER with his Staff reached St. Louis on 7th.
General STEELE was at Memphis on the way North on 3d, and General A. P. HOVEY
was in Cleveland, Ohio, on 1st.
General ROBERT H. MILROY is to be
tried by a military general court-martial for an offense specified in an order
of the General-in-Chief. General HALLECK has detailed officers to constitute the
Lieutenant E. WALTER WEST, of
General HEINTZELMAN'S Staff, has been appointed Lieutenant-Colonel of the
Thirty-third New Jersey regiment, now being organized.
The rumors of the resignation of
General MEADE have been the subject of much comment at Washington, and
speculation is rife as to who will be his successor. It is said that the general
choice of all officers is
General GOVERNEUR K. WARREN, recently promoted
Major-General, as General M'CLELLAN can not be reinstated to the position. Next
to General McCLELLAN and General WARREN the choice of the army would be
N. P. BANKS.
Since the first of last February,
Colonel WILDER, of ROSECRANS'S army, has been twenty-eight times through the
rebel lines, and taken 1157 prisoners, about 4000 horses, and a small army of
slaves. In the last expedition be took about 600 prisoners, 800 horses, and 250
slaves, killed ten guerrillas, and mortally wounded Colonel GANT. He lost one
man, private STEWART, of the 17th Indiana. He has hung five and shot fifteen
rebels, including a second lieutenant, caught with our uniform on, in accordance
with the orders of General ROSECRANS. WILDER is chief of the famous mounted
Major-General SICKLES and Staff
arrived at Saratoga on 11th.
A Cincinnati dispatch announces
that General BURNSIDE arrived in Lexington, Kentucky, on 10th, and that the
movement of troops in that direction is very active.
Lieutenant Commander CILLEY has
been ordered to the command of the Unadilla.
Admiral DAVID D. PORTER has been
granted a two months' leave of absence, after his protracted labors, and will
visit the North as soon as he can make the necessary arrangements for the
management of the Mississippi fleet during his absence.
The appointment of Colonel LEE,
of the Twenty-seventh Massachusetts Regiment, as Provost Marshal of the
Department of North Carolina, and of Captain CHAT. D. SANFORD, of the same
regiment, as Provost Marshal of Newbern, gives universal satisfaction, and
secures justice and tranquillity to all.
Colonel BRIGGS, the chief
Quartermaster of North Carolina, leaves in a day or two for Fortress Monroe,
where he will establish his head-quarters.
Viscount MICHALOWSKI, formerly of
Battery K, First Regiment United States Artillery, has been placed in command of
Battery of the same regiment. The Viscount has distinguished himself upon
several occasions by his gallantry, and will doubtless raise for his new command
(Kirby's old battery) fresh laurels.
General BUFORD, the popular
cavalry commander, left Washington for Kentucky on 11th on a short
first he has taken for several years. A portion of his staff have also been
granted a furlough.
Captain AMASA PAINE, U.S.N., died
in Providence, Rhode Island, on the 27th ult. He entered the navy in 1822 as a
midshipman. In the first 24 years of naval life he was 14 years at sea. When the
law of 1855 established the reserved list Commander PAINE, like other officers
of high merit, was placed upon it, on the ground, apparently, of health
temporarily impaired; but he was subsequently promoted to a Captaincy, and at
the commencement of the war was placed on duty at Boston.
Surgeon J. L. TEED is ordered to
report to General ROSECRANS.
ARMY OF THE POTOMAC.
THE advices from the front of the
Potomac army do not indicate any operations at present. Our lines extend as far
as Stafford Court House and Aquia Creek. The enemy's pickets still extend along
the south side of the Rappahannock. A portion of General Longstreet's army is
Fredericksburg. The railroad between that point and Aquia Creek
has been torn up to a considerable extent, and the whole country between the
Rappahannock and the Potomac has been desolated. Deserters from the rebel army
are coming into our lines in large numbers, and it is said that the mountains
are filled with men in open rebellion against the conscription of Jeff Davis.
RECONNOISSANCE ON THE JAMES RIVER.
Correspondents with the James
River fleet report an important reconnoissance by General Foster on the 4th
inst. up the
James River, for the purpose of ascertaining the position of the
rebels in that quarter. The fleet went within six miles of
Fort Darling. The
boats were fired upon from the banks at different points where the enemy had
batteries planted. The Commodore Barney came into collision with a torpedo,
which lifted her out of the water and started her guards ten inches, but did
little permanent damage.
ARMY OF THE CUMBERLAND.
According to the St. Louis Union,
the position of the Army of the Cumberland is, at present, at Tullahoma and
Winchester—places about seventeen miles apart. Tullahoma is held by General
Johnson's division. General Rosecrans's head-quarters are in Mary Sharp College,
at Winchester. General McCook's corps is at that place. General Jeff C. Davis is
in command of the post. General
Thomas's corps is at Decherd,
four miles from Winchester. General Crittenden's occupies Manchester, Hillsboro,
McMinnville, and Stephenson. The position of Bragg's army is not, and can not be
given. The larger part is probably at
Chattanooga, fortifying that place, with
the design of holding that position until he is driven out. Bragg's is, perhaps,
the worst shattered and demoralized army in the field. Desertions, disease,
retreats, and hardships have made it but the wreck of its former self, and there
is little probability of its offering any considerable resistance to Rosecrans,
even if he were to attempt to march through Georgia to Savannah.
The latest news from
is to 5th inst. Every thing goes on bravely. The position of General Gilmore on
Morris Island is stronger and safer than ever. The morale and confidence of the
troops are unexampled. Although the rebels keep pouring in shell from forts
Wagner, Sumter, and other fortifications, the protection to our troops is so
complete that our casualties for many days past are hardly worth noticing. On
the night of the 4th Captain L. S. Paine, of the One Hundredth New York
Volunteers, with it detachment of his men, while on a scout near Light-house
Creek, was captured by the rebels, with all his men. The new Ironsides
participated with immense vim in the cannonade on Fort Wagner on Sunday week,
and finally silenced the rebel guns. The firing was terrific throughout the day
between the Ottawa, a Monitor, the Ironsides, our works on Morris Island. and
the rebel forts Wagner, Johnson, Sumter, and Moultrie.
OUR ARMY IN ARKANSAS.
Advices from the Mississippi
Valley, by the way of
Cairo, inform us that measures are on foot to clear the
entire territory west of the river of rebels. Gen. Davidson is said to be
marching down the centre of Arkansas, having been entirely successful in several
encounters with the enemy. The people of Jacksonport are alarmed at his
appearance, and flying before him. Another expedition is also hinted at, the
results of which must be of much importance.
WHEREABOUTS OF JOE JOHNSTON.
General Joe Johnston's army is at
Enterprise and Brandon, under the direct command of General Hardee. Most of the
rebel force at the former place are said to be ready to move at a moment's
notice. General Johnston himself went to Mobile on the 27th, and is reported to
have returned to Mississippi again, after a thorough examination of the defenses
and resources of Mobile.
STARVATION IN TENNESSEE.
Parties from Middle Tennessee
represent the condition of the people as horrible; in fact, in a state of
The President is determined to
carry into force his recent order relative to the retaliation upon prisoners of
war. He has ordered that three prisoners from South Carolina shall be held in
close confinement as hostages for three negro seamen captured on the gun-boat
Isaac Smith, and who are now in prison at Charleston. All other prisoners,
whether white or black, treated by the enemy in a manner not applicable to
prisoners of war, will be equally represented by Southern men in our hands as
those here referred to.
Mr. Lincoln is determined that negroes in the military
and naval service shall be regarded on the same terms as white men.
APPEAL FROM JEFF DAVIS.
Jeff Davis has issued an urgent
appeal to Confederate officers and soldiers to return immediately to their
various camps and corps. He complains of a want of alacrity on the part of all
classes in coming forward in this most dismal hour of the South.
The Mobile News complains
dismally of the want of patriotism in the people of Alabama and Mississippi. It
calls them bastard Southerners and recreant Confederates; says that they have
gone stark mad, and that many reports of their conduct are too horrible to be
NEW GOVERNOR OF KENTUCKY.
Thomas E. Bramlette has just been
elected to the executive chair of Kentucky probably by twenty-five thousand
He will take the seat to which
Beriah Magoffin was chosen, four years ago, by the following vote:
Beriah Magofiin, democrat
Joshua F. Bell, opposition
—And it is confidently expected
that he will fill the place with more honor to the State and to himself than did
his elected predecessor.
MOUNTED FORCE FOR KENTUCKY.
General Rosseau is at Washington
by authority of General Rosecrans, renewing his suggestion, made last fall, to
raise a mounted infantry and cavalry force to operate against the guerrillas in
Kentucky and Tennessee. It is proposed to raise twelve or fifteen thousand men,
which force he thinks will be sufficient to rid those States of armed rebels,
and to prevent in future plundering forays.
STATE ELECTION IN TENNESSEE.
Nashville Union is officially
authorized to state that Governor Johnson purposes issuing writs of election for
a Legislature at the very earliest practicable day; that is, when the progress
of military operations is such that loyal citizens can go to the polls in
safety, and when sympathizers with the rebellion will no longer dare, backed by
the presence of Confederate troops, and by guerrilla terrorism, to control the
policy of the State.
VESSELS BURNED BY THE "ALABAMA."
The ships Talisman, from New
York, bound for Shanghai, and the Conrad, from Montevideo to New York, were both
destroyed by the
THE QUEEN'S SPEECH.
THE following are the extracts
which refer to our war: The civil war between the Northern and Southern States
of the American Union still unfortunately continued, and is necessarily attended
with much evil, not only to the contending parties, but also to nations which
have taken no part in the conflict. Her Majesty, however, has seen no reason to
depart from the strict neutrality which her Majesty has observed from the
beginning of the contest.
MY LORDS AND GENTLEMEN,—The
distress which the civil war in America has inflicted on a portion of Her
Majesty's subjects in the manufacturing districts, and toward the relief of
which such generous and munificent contributions have been made, has in some
degree diminished, and Her Majesty has given her cordial consent to measures
calculated to have a beneficial influence upon that unfortunate state of things.
In a late encounter with the
Russian troops the Poles were successful. The proclamation of the Polish
National Government rejects all compromises not based on a recognition of the
independence of the kingdom. Prince Gortschakoff, in replying to the note of
Austria, expresscs surprise at this position assumed by that Government, and
thinks that Russia, Austria, and Prussia should act in accord.
GENERAL FOREY'S PLANS.
Marshal Forey, in an official
report, says that he is occupied in forming a Provisional Government in Mexico
from men of moderate view, belonging to all parties.