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MAP OF THE CHATTANOOGA BATTLE-FIELD.
Page) against him of the most disreputable kind. Now so far as
appears there is not the slightest foundation whatever for the assertion. It
could more easily be the result of a very simple, very common and very obvious
conspiracy than be true! Nothing is so easy for a shameless husband and wife—and
several such are to be found in London —as to conspire in defamation of any
conspicuous man of free life and manners in the hope of extorting money as the
price of silence. The mere idle charge, under such circumstances, is a damaging
blow. It is a blow, also, to which every public man is exposed. And as the world
of clubs and drawing-rooms likes to speculate upon human frailty, there is no
escape for the victim, however innocent he may be.
It may be safely said that every
chance whatever is against the truth of this charge against Lord Palmerston. He
has been a gay man, indeed, but he is eighty-four years old; and he has been for
nearly fifty years a prominent figure in European history. Should he be proved
guilty, his career ends in public ridicule and a burst of genuine British cant.
Is a man of great common sense, peculiarly sensitive to public opinion,
perfectly versed in the ways of the world and knowing the exact cost of every
step, likely, in his extreme age, to make so silly a surrender of his reputation
by putting it in any woman's power? Lord Palmerston is not Mark Antony, nor is
Mrs. O'Kane Cleopatra. It is one of the cases in which character and probability
must tell even against a direct oath. How they tell with the Queen and the city
of London we have already seen. For Palmerston has been a guest at Windsor
Castle, and warmly greeted at a civic banquet since the scandal was published.
No one can really wish him ill. The jaunty Premier is not a great man. We shall
be very loth to believe him a silly one.
As the holiday season approaches
books multiply; and they are of a better kind than the old annuals. The Lounger
does not attempt to mention many new books, and acknowledges no obligation to
speak of any even when the publishers are so kind as to send them to him. But
every true Lounger keeps pace a little with current literature.
"Excursions by Henry D. Thoreau"
(Ticknor & Fields), for instance, is a very remarkable and delightful book. Mr.
Thoreau was a scholar and naturalist living in Concord, Massachusetts, who
believed in Concord, in the Indians, and in himself. He had doubts whether, upon
the whole, the race had not deteriorated by civilization; and had a profound
admiration for the red men as for those who knew the secrets and resources of
nature much more intimately than any savant. His life and his books are an airy
protest against science and civilization, while no man had made better use of
the best results of each. His observation of the phenomena of nature was most
thorough, sympathetic, and profound, and his descriptions are of the best in
literature. Indeed, in what is called rural literature, he is unsurpassed for
the union of shrewd insight, quaint, racy, and vigorous thought, and a
delightful play of humor over all, shimmering, cool, and remote, like the aurora
borealis. He had no love of moral precedents or religious traditions. The world
of to-day he thought as good as Paradise, and God as near to Concord as to Eden.
A fresh, sweet, sturdy, noble man. He lived known to a few only, but being dead
he speaks to all of us. His "Excursions" is the most original book we have
lately had, as well as the most valuable record of exact observation of nature.
Bayard Taylor's "Hannah Thurston"
(Putnam) has a very large sale, and is sure to be very eagerly sought, for Mr.
Taylor has unquestionably written his name upon the popular heart. His novel
abounds in faithful description of American scenery, and is written in a simple,
easy style, which leads the reader pleasantly along, and prevents the undue
sense of prominence in the author. Neither is there any thing sensational or
sentimental in the story. The character of Hannah Thurston is one of true
womanly dignity; and her mother, "the venerable Quakeress," is a pathetic and
lovely picture. The hero, Woodbury, is a good-natured, sensible, shrewd
American, precisely the man to show Hannah the relation of theory to life. And
yet we shall quarrel with our friend the author upon the point of the personages
of his tale being peculiarly or representatively American. That the tendency of
our mental life is toward what is vaguely called "Reform" is true. It would be
tragical if it were not so. But if a writer would depict that tendency in its
truly representative types must he not seek further than the Seth Wattles, the
weak, ignorant, and absurd people who are swept along upon every great movement
like drift-wood and dry leaves upon a stream? If an author wished, for instance,
to paint a characteristic picture of English life during the civil war, could he
fairly give us groups of Muggletonians and Fifth Monarchy men? Would not every
Briton who knew that the development of British liberty was not due to such as
they, instantly declare that they were excrescences and not fruits; and that
they were in no other sense characteristic than eruptions which show the
exuberance of life? Such persons do not explain the great mental and moral
movements upon which they are but as warts and wens upon a sturdy giant. So if
the object be to draw a truly characteristic picture of American reform—or, to
use a pleasanter phrase, the tendency of American civilization—must not the
personages explain its phenomena by their own characters? Instead of Seth
Wattles and a knavish free-lover the novelist must attempt the portrait of men
like Emerson, Parker, Beecher, Phillips, because these men are truly
representative of the forces that control American progress. We can but indicate
our feeling upon this point, not elaborate it.
Then, again, is the moral of the
story quite clear? Allowing that a recluse, thoughtful semi-Quakeress like
Hannah Thurston would hold many crude convictions, still is not the substance of
her little speech in the earlier part of the tale exactly what she might have
said when the curtain falls upon her happy home? Is it any less proper and
womanly for Jenny Lind to sing to the world when an unmarried woman heartily
inspired by her gifts and her powers, than it is to sing to her infant when she
is a mother? This is the point which the author seems to evade, and yet this is
the point of the matter. That women ought not to try to do what they can not do,
will be readily granted on all sides. That their sex and structure have peculiar
adaptations is equally clear. That they ought not to insist upon doing what they
can not do well is also clear, but no clearer than it is of men. But the
question asked by Hannah Thurston is whether women ought to refrain from what
God has given them capacity to do, and which neither circumstances nor natural
conditions forbid, merely because of sex. We do not see that Mrs. Woodbury would
answer the question differently from Miss Thurston.
The reader will discover that the
matter is handled with great good humor and intelligence by the author. He does
not dash petulantly at either side, and the warm friends of any "reform" have no
right to be angry with him because he lashes with the satire of truth-telling
the caricatures of reason and progress, the movements they so often present. As
a sketch of a clique in many American villages the canvas is of a Dutch
fidelity; but as a picture of American life "Hannah Thurston" seems to us
inadequate, with all its excellences of detail.
Thackeray's "Roundabout Papers"
(Harpers) is as characteristic a little volume as he has ever written. Its
sweet, racy, vigorous, and simple English is a worthy setting for the manly and
gentle thoughts and sympathies of the author. The essays are necessarily
personal and discursive. They are full of the sparkling satire upon our daily
absurdities and insincerities, which abound in all Thackeray's books. And yet
nowhere upon his pages is the undercurrent of quick and generous sympathy more
evident. They are the window-seat chat of a man who has not lost his interest in
life, with the freshness of his enthusiasm, but who loves and praises with all
his heart whatever is kindly, honest, and lovely. The old subject of his
"cynicism" we shall not open here. But does any man sincerely believe that the
yearning tenderness for old times and friends, the simple sympathy with boyhood,
the genial delight in honorable endeavor which breathe through the "Roundabout
Papers" are consonant with the emotions of a literary ogre or gorilla? There is
undoubtedly a little monotony in the moralizing, but it is in no degree
tiresome. The texts are not far sought, the sermons flow from the heart, the
preacher earnestly cries "Forgive us, miserable sinners!"
AND NAVY ITEMS.
SURGEON-GENERAL HAMMOND has left
Washington, with instructions to proceed to
Chattanooga and inspect the hospitals and camps
of General GRANT'S army, after which he is to go to
Nashville, and there await further orders.
Mrs. SEMMES, an aunt of
Captain Semmes, has been arrested in Baltimore,
with her daughter, and both have been held to answer the charge of an attempt to
poison the United States Surgeon of West Building Hospital, to whom they sent a
bottle of wine drugged with arsenic. The mother of General WINDER has also been
arrested, not, however, upon any charge of complicity in this affair, and has
been paroled not to correspond with her friends in the South.
MICHAEL CORCORAN was in Washington last week.
The Boston Traveler states that
Lieutenant COLEMAN and twenty privates (colored), captured in Louisiana
recently, were hung by the rebels. They belonged to General ULLMAN'S brigade,
and were captured on a reconnoissance to Jackson, Louisiana, by Colonel LOGAN'S
There can be no longer any doubt
of the death of
General SAM HOUSTON, of Texas. A letter from an
army correspondent at Matamoras says: "General SAM HOUSTON is certainly dead. He
died at Huntsville, Texas. I am with a man who was present when he died. J.
TERRELL SMITH and another have administered on his estate."
Captain CAMP, formerly a secret
agent of the War Department, has been arrested and consigned to the Old Capitol.
General GIBSON has been ordered
from Cleveland to the command of the conscript depot at Philadelphia.
At a general court-martial
convened at Fort Columbus, New York Harbor, September 30, 1863, Lieutenant
GEORGE H. CROSSMAN, Tenth United States Infantry, was sentenced to be dismissed
the service, upon the charges of behaving with contempt and disrespect toward
his commanding officer, and striking his superior officer. The finding and
sentence was approved; but, upon the recommendation of a majority of the court,
and of the Brigadier and Major General commanding, the President has mitigated
the sentence to suspension of pay for two months from the 7th day of November.
First Lieutenant W. G. FITCH,
Second United States Infantry, has been placed on the retired list on account of
disabilities resulting from long and faithful service in the field. He has been
assigned to duty with Brigadier-General HUNT, at New Haven, Connecticut.
JEFFERSON DAVIS was at Orange
Court House on 21st ult. He was the guest of
THOMAS has issued general orders dishonorably dismissing one colonel,
two majors, fifteen captains, twenty-six lieutenants, and one surgeon for
various offenses, including drunkenness, feigning sickness, spreading false
rumors, permitting men to plunder, misbehavior in face of the enemy, shameful
cowardice, gross disloyalty, dishonest practices, and conduct unbecoming
officers and gentlemen.
ROBERT B. MITCHELL, commanding
the First Cavalry Division, has been ordered to report to Adjutant-General
THOMAS, at Washington, for duty.
BATTLE OF CHATTANOOGA.—FIRST REPORT.
CHATTANOOGA, Nov. 25—7.15 P.M.
ALTHOUGH the battle lasted from
early dawn till dark this evening, I believe I am not premature in announcing a
complete victory over Bragg.
Lookout Mountain top, all the rifle-pits in
Chattanooga Valley, and Missionary Ridge entire, have been carried, and are now
held by us.
U. S. GRANT, Major-General,
ARMY OF THE CUMBERLAND.
CHATTANOOGA, Nov. 25—Midnight.
To Major-General Halleck,
The operations of today have been
more successful than yesterday, having carried Missionary Ridge from near
Rossville to the railroad tunnel with a comparatively small loss on our side,
capturing about forty pieces of artillery, a large quantity of small-arms, camp
and garrison equipage, besides the arms in the hands of prisoners.
We captured two thousand
prisoners, of whom two hundred were officers of all grades—from colonels down.
We will pursue the enemy in the
The conduct of the officers and
troops was every thing that could be expected.
Missionary Ridge was carried
simultaneously at six different points.
GEORGE H. THOMAS, Major-General.
CHATTANOOGA, Nov. 27—10 A.M.
Major-General H. W. Halleck,
I am just in from the front. The
rout of the enemy is most complete. Abandoned wagons, caissons, and occasional
pieces of artillery are every where to be found.
I think Bragg's loss will fully
reach sixty pieces of artillery. A large number of prisoners have fallen into
our hands. The pursuit will continue to Red Clay in the morning, for which place
I shall start in a few hours.
U. S. GRANT, Major-General.
GENERAL MEIGS'S REPORT.
The report of
Quarter-master-General Meigs of the late battle near Chattanooga, shows that it
was a surprise sprung upon the enemy, our troops moving upon Missionary Ridge in
such perfect order that the rebels had no suspicion of an attack, but regarded
the movement as a dress parade. The details of the fight are given by General
Meigs, who declares that so well directed and so well ordered a battle has not
taken place during the war.
A dispatch dated Chattanooga,
November 30, says:
There has been no fighting in
Northern Georgia for the last two days. The enemy are beyond Dalton. The
campaign is probably ended. The fruits of the fighting are six thousand and two
prisoners, forty-eight pieces of artillery, and seven thousand stand of arms.
Our casualties will not exceed four thousand. General Hooker has evacuated
AFFAIRS AT KNOXVILLE.
The last accounts from Knoxville
report that a portion of the north part of the town has been burned, including
the depot. The portions burned are supposed to have been houses in the lower end
of it, occupied by rebel sharp-shooters, which were destroyed by our shells.
General Longstreet is said to have fallen back, pursuant to orders from Bragg.
General Burnside has ample provisions, and can wait patienify the arrival of
General Grant. General Longstreet, however, is probably taken in a trap by the
movements of General Grant in cutting the railroad, and may be compelled, as a
desperate resort, to attack Knoxville; but it is still more probable that he
must fight his way out, or that his army will he scattered or captured.
ARMY OF THE POTOMAC.
The Army of the Potomac advanced
on 25th, and severing its communications with Washington, crossed the Rapidan in
three columns. On 27th General Kilpatrick's cavalry attempted to cross the river
at Raccoon Ford under the fire of the rebel batteries, but were driven back.
Severe skirmishing has been going on at different points since 26th, at which
time the enemy had fallen back from our centre to within two miles of Orange
Court House. Our line of battle appears to have been formed on the road leading
to that place. The corps of Generals French, Warren, and Prince had pretty heavy
skirmishing with the enemy, but in each case either drove them back or
maintained their own position. General French, with the Third Corps, lost
heavily, and not only held his ground, but captured nine hundred of the rebels,
the Sixth Corps being thrown forward to support him. The Fifth Corps' train was
attacked in flank by the rebel cavalry on the plank road, who destroyed fifteen
or twenty wagons. General Gregg's cavalry, on the left, had a severe fight with
the rebel cavalry, and drove them back upon their infantry, and then fell back
upon the Fifth Corps, who, in turn, drove the rebel infantry back.
WAITING FOR THE BATTLE.
On Monday evening the two armies
were separated by Mine Run valley, which crosses the Fredericksburg and Orange
plank-road twelve miles from Orange Court House. General Lee is strongly
intrenched there, and seems disposed to make a firm resistance. The dispatches
of correspondents indicate that an assault on the enemy's works at Mine Run by
our infantry, under cover of artillery, took place on Monday. All our batteries
which could command the enemy's position were ordered to open, and after a half
hour's firing, which the enemy feebly answered, an attack was ordered. General
Warren pushed on, and found the number and position of the enemy stronger than
was anticipated, and paused for further instructions. The attack was then
immediately checked, and all firing ceased. This is the latest story we have
from the Army of the Potomac. Rebel accounts to Sunday say that as the two
armies were then confronting each other, a fearful fight could not be long
ESCAPE OF JOHN MORGAN.
General John Morgan and six of
his officers—viz.; Captains Bennett, Taylor, Sheldon, Haynes, Hockersmith, and
M'Gee—escaped from the Columbus Penitentiary on 27th by digging through the
floor of their cell to a sewer leading to the river. John Morgan, on retiring,
changed with his brother Dick from the top cell to the lower tier. The floor of
the lower cell is two and a half inches thick, in
which a hole was cut, under the
bed, leading down into a two and a half foot sewer, running to the main wall
around the Penitentiary. This wall was cut under, and the party escaped into the
open country. The night was dark, with heavy rain. All efforts are being made by
the authorities for his recapture.
The fugitives have arrived safely
at Toronto, Canada
CAMPAIGN IN TEXAS.
Corpus Christi was captured on
the 15th ult. by Generals Banks and Dana, who marched upon that place overland
from Brownsville. Aransas City was attacked, and taken after a very brief
resistance. One hundred prisoners and three guns were taken. The British brig
Dashing Wave was captured by the gun-boat New London off the Rio Grande, with a
cargo consisting of seventy thousand dollars in gold and a large quantity of
clothing and medicines intended for the rebels.
PRISONERS AT RICHMOND.
The surgeons who have just been
released from the horrors of the
Richmond prisons have published a statement,
which has been officially presented to the Government, of the cruel treatment to
which our captives are subjected. It is a thrilling chapter of human suffering
and unmitigated barbarism.
WE TREAT REBEL PRISONERS.
Commissary-General Hoffman has
returned from his tour of inspection in the West. He visited Johnson's Island,
Camp Chase, Helena, Arkansas, and all other places in the West where rebel
prisoners are confined. He reports that rebel prisoners are in excellent
condition—well clothed, well fed, in good quarters, and enjoying every comfort
that they could desire—contrasting strangely with the condition of our prisoners
At Helena, Arkansas, buildings
are being erected for the accommodation of such of the Southern chivalry as may
be captured in the Southwest. The buildings are designed to accommodate 10,000
STORES FOR OUR POOR FELLOWS AT RICHMOND.
The following dispatch has been
received by Mr. George H. Stuart, President of the Christian Commission:
FORTRESS MONROE, Nov. 29,
To George H. Stuart, Chairman of
the Christian Conmission:
DEAR SIR,—I have every reason to
believe that the goods sent by individuals and the Sanitary and Christian
Commissions are delivered to our prisoners.
I would suggest that you send as
much as possible.
S. A. MEREDITH,
PRESS AT MEMPHIS.
General Hurlbut has issued an
Memphis) warning the newspapers published there that they "must cease
the publication of reports, anonymous or otherwise, of actions or movements of
troops within the Department. No discussion of the policy or measures of the
Government will be tolerated, and the editors and publishers of newspapers will
be held accountable for the character of extracts published from Northern
papers. Neither officers nor troops within this command will be the subject of
either praise or censure through the newspapers, as neither editors nor
correspondents have the right or the ability to give praise where deserved, or
to withhold it where undeserved."
PRICES HERE AND THERE.
The following table compares the
Richmond and Cincinnati prices for a few leading articles, the latter in
green-backs and the former in Confederate scrip:
On December 1 Christian G.
Gunther was elected Mayor of New York by a plurality of 6000 over Boole and
ENGLAND has replied to Napoleon's
invitation to attend a European congress. The Queen does not give an unqualified
acceptance, but asks for further information as to the precise points to be
proposed for discussion. A further correspondence between the two Powers on the
subject is expected.
The Papal Government accepts the
invitation to attend the congress.
It is thought that most of the
other Powers would ask for further explanations respecting the bases of the
debate in the congress.
The steamship Great Eastern has
been advertised for sale at auction on the 14th of January, by order of the
COST OF THE MEXICAN FOLLY.
The Emperor of France asks from
the Legislature a supplementary credit of ninety-one millions of francs, to meet
expenses in Mexico.