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Robert E. Lee Portrait
Page) interested. Rather than that I much prefer my personal freedom
of thought and action at home.
Very honestly and respectfully
We advise every voter in
Richmond, Queens, and Suffolk counties to cut
out that letter and keep it, against the time when the district is looking for
an able and faithful public servant.
THERE are six steam rams building
in France for the rebels. It will be interesting to see what becomes of them.
But whether they sail, or whether they are detained, they will certainly render
us one service; they will enable us to see more distinctly than we have been
willing to admit, that Louis Napoleon's France is quite as hostile to us as the
British governing class. There seems to be no reason to suppose that Louis
Napoleon will do differently from his ally. If it is worth while for England to
stop the rams, it will hardly seem to Napoleon, upon general grounds, desirable
to let them slip. But if he be resolved to remain in Mexico, the probability is
that he will not detain them. Because to stay in Mexico securely he must do all
that he can to keep this country distracted and divided. He will, of course,
consider the risk of war and reprisals. But he has a trained army in
Mexico—probably of not less than fifty thousand men—a fleet cruising in the Gulf
and on the coast, and the six rams will be practically his ships. He will,
therefore, have capital enough already here to begin the war upon. His army in
Mexico will not be followed if he chooses to order it across the frontier, and
it would be a weighty reinforcement to the rebels.
Would England call him to
account? That is a question which Louis Napoleon will gravely ponder before he
resolves. But all his plans—the Mexican conquest, the rams, and the possible aid
to the rebels—hang together. If his Mexican policy be at all determined, it
includes and modifies all the rest, and is an American policy. Our military
situation, and the elections of the year, pronouncing unanimously for the
Government and the war, can not but have great influence upon his decision, and
it is not impossible that he may believe a restoration of the Union by military
force might tax the resources of the nation for so long a time that he may,
without fear of interference from us, establish and consolidate his power in
Mexico. In that case he will detain the rams, avoiding any immediate occasion
for war and relying upon the chances of the future.
You say that you are for the
Union of course; but oh dear! the Union is gone. You declare that you are for
the fighting it out; but oh dear! how comfortable things were four or five years
ago. You insist that all the money should be supplied to the Government; but oh
dear what reactions, and panics, and poverty are coming by-and-by. You will
stand by the Government, of course, but oh dear! the age of statesmen has gone
How fortunate that Washington was
not a dyspeptic, nor William of Orange, nor Lord Nelson. Fancy Nelson sailing in
to the bay of Aboukir to engage the French fleet, and whining upon the
quarter-deck, "I go for my country, of course, but oh dear! what has England to
hope for? I shall fight it out, but oh dear! how nice it was when I was
comfortably on shore. England expects every man to do his duty; but oh dear! how
many legs and arms are going to be shot off. I stand by England, of course, but
there's nobody fit to govern her." Wouldn't this have been inspiring? Wouldn't
De Bruys have trembled had be heard it? Wouldn't the hearts of oak and the
wooden walls of England have felt themselves become like iron under such an
You are but a dead drag upon the
spirit with which alone this or any great war can be prosecuted. You give as
much groaning as gold to the war, and while the gold furnishes arms to the
soldier, the groan draws the charge. Why should any brave fellow fight for such
a whining fellow-citizen as you? A nation of such whimperers and wan cynics
would drive the earth off its axis. When men go into battle, good friend, they
do not march to the dead march in Saul, but to Yankee Doodle, or Mourir pour la
THE SOLDIER'S AID.
THAT the soldiers may know how
many and how constant are the works of patriotic
women in their behalf, the
Lounger prints an extract from a note lately received; "Can you find room in
your columns for a notice of our little journal, its aims and objects? They are
briefly expressed in the title—The Soldier's Aid.' We feel that our armies are
fighting for us, for our lives, our safety, and our freedom; and all we ask is
the privilege to work for and help those who suffer in our behalf, until the
rebellion is crushed and the cause of order and freedom is victorious."
The little paper is issued by the
Young Ladies' Aid Society of Rochester, and although the copy promised him has
not reached the Lounger, he knows in advance, and gladly says, that its object
and spirit are most timely and generous.
A NEW POLICY.
A RECENT Richmond Examiner
contains a very important statement, which we wonder has not been made public by
authority at Washington. "The Yanked Commissioner Meredith" said to Commissioner
Robert Ould that
Secretary Stanton had been opposed to any exchange of prisoners
during the war, and that his policy had come to be the policy of his Government.
Had it been earlier the practice of his Government it is pretty clear that the
rebel army would be much weaker than it is, for there is no question that the
paroled prisoners of the enemy are mustered into the rebel ranks. It is not
surprising. It is but another proof of the curious dishonor of their conduct. It
is not surprising, for an
insurrection headed by
Davis, Mason, Toombs, and the rest, who did not hesitate
to receive the money of the government they were plotting to overthrow, must be
tainted throughout with their dishonor. The only way to meet the conduct of the
rebels in arming our paroled prisoners against us is to refuse to parole them.
It is hard for those of our army who are captured, but best soldiers whom we
have heard speak of the policy approve it most heartily.
AMONG new and beautiful things we
have seen nothing more delicate and interesting than the album pictures made by
L. Prang in Boston. They are of the usual card-photograph size, and represent
birds, flowers, autumn leaves, mosses, butterflies, and moths, humming birds,
little landscapes, and figures of children. A friend of the Lounger's, and an
expert in all such dainty matters of printing, says that in his opinion, and he
is master of the subject, "They are the best specimens of color-printing ever
done in this country upon so small a scale." It is easy to believe it, and to
believe also that a man who has done so well will, as Mr. Prang says of himself,
do better as fast as his machinery improves. The prints are neatly enveloped,
are not dear, and the Lounger sincerely commends them as a most charming series
for the album.
"Our Old Home" (Ticknor and
Fields) is a collection of Mr. Hawthorne's delightful papers upon England. Their
pure, sinewy, racy, idiomatic style is unsurpassed by the greatest masters of
English literature. Their contemplative and subtle humor is delightful. Their
sincerity is startling. The author unveils his mind with the confiding naivete
of Charles Lamb. But the tone of doubt and indifference, occasionally
insinuated, as to the tremendous struggle of civilization and barbarism which
convulses his country, is so painful, that the reader is in danger of being
invincibly repelled, as a man would be by the most charming companion who should
prove to have no objection to infanticide. That the great English authors should
cant and misrepresent our war is intelligible upon the assumption of their
ignorance; but that one of the most gifted and fascinating of American writers
should fail to see, or to care for, the very point of our contest is monstrous.
"The Social Condition and
Education of the People in England," by Joseph Kay, M.A., of Trinity College,
Cambridge, England (Harpers), is a book written by a most careful observer,
himself an Englishman, at which John Bull may well stare aghast. We have already
spoken of it; but it is a work of permanent instruction, which should be
pondered by every man who is deeply interested in the progress of civilization.
It is a curious companion to "Our Old Home" of Hawthorne or Irving's "Sketch
'TIS only a short little poem,
Yet tender and threaded with woe;
And my heart knows the hand that
These mem'ries from years long
Oh! hand lying cold on the bosom,
One clasp of forgiveness I crave;
Too late Fate has heaped up
Thy wrongs with the sod on thy
But this, oh! how like an echo
It springs from the cavern of
The wail of a young life crushed,
By hopeless repinings and tears.
He died like his hopes. 'Twas at
He fought with his men brave and
He was earnest and true to his
As he had been to me, but he
His comrades—a few were beside
Companions in earlier time—
They heard as his lips last faint
With prayer breathed a name—it
They knew not his whole heart's
Until, when they laid him to
'Twas told in the death-grasp
My picture close over his breast.
The picture was old, worn and
By time, and well blistered with
But the love of the heart it had
Could change not nor alter by
Oh! hero in Life and in Battle,
Fame may not thy glory record;
But ONE knew thy great heart's
And He shall give thee thy
Oh, blest one! made perfect
And purified, thou canst behold,
Unblinded by wrong and by
The truths that here could not be
Oh, spirit so patient and loving!
Oh, heart beating strong in the
Oh, life worn with struggles and
All, all is now ended in rest.
ARMY AND NAVY ITEMS.
MARSHAL FOREY and his staff
arrived at this port on 6th, on board the French frigate Panama, bound for
France. The Marshal led the French troops at the taking of Puebla, and marched
with his victorious army into Mexico.
Captain JOHN RODGERS has been
ordered to the command of the iron-clad steamer Dictator, and Commander
NICHOLSON to that of the steamer State of Georgia.
Commander COLLINS has been
ordered to the command of the Wachusett, and Commander CLARY to the Dacotah. The
Secretary of the Sanitary Commission acknowledges the receipt of $8267, the
proceeds of entertainments in Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, and
Washington, under the inspiration of Miss CHARLOTTE CUSHMAND, the celebrated
It is rumored that
BURNSIDE'S resignation has been accepted, and it is probable that
will succeed him in command of the Army of East Tennessee.
Lieutenant-Colonel LOOMIS, of the
Sixth Illinois Cavalry, at Germantown, Tennessee, was fatally shot by Major
HERROD, of the same regiment, on the 2d inst., in the course of an altercation
at the supper-table. The indignation of the soldiers against HERROD was so great
that with difficulty they were prevented lynching him.
Captain JOHN M. WILSON, United
States Corps of Engineers, a young officer distinguished for gallantry and skill
in the Peninsular campaign, and latterly on the staff of Major-General GRANT, is
now in charge of the defenses of Vicksburg.
Captain RICHARD H. LEE, late of
the Sixth New Jersey Volunteers, has been appointed Postmaster for Camden, in
Major EDWARD L. GAUL, of the One
Hundred and Fifty-ninth New York Volunteers, for some time past upon detached
service, commanding the Albany barracks post, has been relieved from duty and
ordered to join his regiment in the field. Major GAUL is a fine soldier, and has
evinced signal executive ability in administering the affairs of that difficult
and exacting post.
Major-General WOOL, U.S.A., is at
present enjoying renewed health at his private mansion in Troy. In conversation
with a gentleman a few days since, who remarked to the old hero, "General, you
should be in the field at this particular juncture of the war," the General
replied sternly, giving ample evidence of his ancient vigor, "They don't want
me. They think me too old."
Surgeon JAMES BRYAN, of
Philadelphia, now on a short sick leave, is rapidly convalescing from a severe
attack of bilious remittent fever contracted during the memorable siege of
Vicksburg. Dr. B. was on duty on Gen. GRANT'S staff from April to September,
including the sickly season of the Lower Mississippi, and expects to be able to
return to service in a short time in a Northern department.
Colonel JOHN ADAIR M'DOWELL, of
Iowa, late of General GRANT'S army, has been appointed commercial agent of the
Treasury Department at New Orleans.
THOMAS FRANCIS MEAGHER has been
reinstated in the rank of Brigadier-General, with permission to recruit to its
complement his old Irish Brigade.
Captain HALSTEAD, formerly
Assistant Adjutant-General on the staff of Major-General DOUBLEDAY, has been
appointed a member of the Board of Examination of which General CASEY is
Colonel RICHARD H. RUSH,
Assistant Provost Marshal, has been relieved from charge of the Invalid Corps
Bureau. Lieutenant-Colonel CAHILL, his assistant, is left temporarily in charge.
Major FREDERICK TOWNSEND,
Eighteenth United States Infantry, has been assigned to duty as Superintendent
of Volunteer Recruiting Service at Albany, New York, and Major WALLACE, Sixth
United States Infantry, the late Superintendent, has been ordered to join his
regiment in the field.
The amount of work now
progressing at the Brooklyn Navy-yard is immense. Something like 40 vessels are
in the stream and on the stocks, preparing for sea as rapidly as possible. There
are nearly 6000 men on the pay-rolls of the different departments, and their
monthly wages can not fall much short of $200,000.
Lieutenant E. F. DAVENPORT has
been ordered to duty at the Naval Academy.
Lieutenant BYRON WILSON has been
promoted to the rank of Lieutenant-Commander in the Navy.
Major-General BUTLER, accompanied
by his wife, Colonel SHAFFER, and Captains HAGGERTY and PUFFER, left
for Fortress Monroe on 10th to relieve General FOSTER.
GEORGE VANDALL and JAMES WALES,
of the Eighth Connecticut Volunteers, were executed on 9th for desertion near
Captain JORDAN, Second
Pennsylvania heavy artillery, was found dead in his bed last week, having
retired the previous night in apparently perfect health.
Lieutenant JOSEPH M. FISH,
commanding the howitzer section of the Twelfth New York Cavalry at Camp Palmer,
near Newborn, North Carolina, was recently presented, at dress parade, with a
handsome sabre and equipments.
Major-General B. M.
who, while a Brigadier-General, was surprised and captured, with his whole
Shiloh, and who, after his return from captivity, formed one of the FITZ JOHN PORTER court-martial—obtaining a promotion to a Major-Generalship soon
after the rendering of the decision of that court—has tendered his resignation
to the War Department, and it has been accepted.
Provost Marshal of Alexandria, has been relieved of his command by an order from
the War Department, and Captain GWYNN, Medical Inspector on General SLOUGH'S
Staff, has been appointed to the office.
General CLARK, who was recently
elected Governor of Mississippi, is the same who was so seriously wounded and
taken prisoner in the battle at Baton Rouge some months ago. He was formerly an
Old Line Whig.
Lieutenant-Commander WATMOUGH has
been detached from the Philadelphia Navy-yard as ordnance officer, and assigned
to the command of the steamer Kansas.
Lieutenant-Commander PAUL SHIRLEY
has been prometed to the grade of Commander.
THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC.
THE Army of the Potomac, after a
long period of ease, has commenced a forward movement, and its advance has been
heralded with victory. The divisions of Generals French and Sedgwick met the
enemy on the banks of the Rappahannock—the former at
Kelly's Ford and the latter
at Rappahannock railroad crossing—on 7th, and drove them across the river,
capturing eighteen hundred of the rebels, four
battle flags, and two redoubts
with a number of guns. The loss of the enemy in killed and wounded is reported
by prisoners to be over five hundred. Our loss in all—killed, wounded, and
missing—is set down at from three hundred and fifty to four hundred. The Union
troops pursued the enemy.
Upon the lifting of the fog on
the morning of the 8th, our forces commenced crossing the river, and found
little or no opposition. At four P.M. Sedgwick's advance had reached
Station. General Buford's cavalry crossed at Sulphur Springs to cover the right
flank several miles above Rappahannock Station, and Generals Gregg and
Kilpatrick crossed below Kelly's Ford to cover the left flank. Advices from the
front are to the effect that General Kilpatrick occupied the city and heights of
Fredericksburg on 7th, and was in position to hold them until the infantry could
HEAD-QUARTERS ARMY OF THE
Saturday Nov. 7—9.30 P.M.
Major-General Sedgwick advanced
to the railroad crossing, where he drove the enemy to the river, assaulted and
captured two redoubts with artillery, on this side, taking a number of
Major-General French advanced to
Kelly's Ford, driving the enemy in small force across the river, and captured
several hundred prisoners at the Ford.
GEORGE G. MEADE,
HEAD-QUARTERS ARMY OF THE POTOMAC
Saturday Nov. 7—10 P.M.
General Sedgwick reports
capturing this P.M. in his operations, four colonels, three lieutenant-colonels,
many other officers, and over 900 men, together with four battle-flags.
General French captured over 400
prisoners, officers and men.
GEORGE G. MEADE,
LEE ON THE DEFENSIVE.
General Lee, is seems, declines
to take up the gauge of battle which General Meade has urgently pressed upon his
acceptance. The Army of Virginia, excepting its rear-
guard, have again ensconced
themselves within their strong fortifications on the south bank of the Rapidan,
or are making swift time toward Richmond. The Army of the Potomac, therefore,
must bear with what grace it may the disappointment of its desire to bring about
a decisive engagement.
The firing of
Sumter is being
continued both from Forts Gregg and Wagner and the Monitors. The bombardment is
described by the Richmond Examiner as furious and incessant. The flag-staff on
Sumter was shot away several times, and replaced; but the old flag was so cut to
pieces that the battle-flag of the Twelfth Georgia regiment w as raised instead.
On 31st ult., at four o'clock A. M., a portion of the sea-wall fell in, burying
in the ruins thirteen of the garrison. Over one thousand two hundred shots, many
of them from rifled guns, were fired at the fort on 31st.
AFFAIRS IN THE SOUTHWEST.
The rebel papers report that our
advance has reached. Florence, and that our forces are committing terrible
depredations near Huntsville. The telegrams admit that we have gained important
advantages, and that, unless the movements of our troops are counteracted, the
question of subsisting the Union army at
Chattanooga will be placed beyond
IS BRAGG FALLING BACK?
A dispatch from Chattanooga, of
10th instant, says that refugees front the rebel army report General Bragg to be
evacuating his position in front of Chattanooga, and falling back to Rome or
Atlanta. General Longstreet was said to be organizing a force for a raid on our
line of communication at Bridgeport.
THE WAR IN EAST TENNESSEE.
A dispatch from Knoxville, dated
the 4th instant, says that East Tennessee is once more clear of rebels, with the
reception of guerrillas, who hover around our wagon trains and infest our mail
routes above. The fight at Roan Spring resulted in the rout of the rebels. We
lost seventeen killed and fifty-two wounded. Colonel Garrard pursued the rebels
The Star of this city says:
"We hear that General Grant has
telegraphed hither that two of the most advanced positions of General Burnside
have been assailed and captured by the rebels, who made prisoners of half of two
regiments that were holding them at the time."
THE WAR IN ARKANSAS.
Late advices from Arkansas state
that General Steele now occupies Arkadelphia, the recent head-quarters of the
rebel General Price, and over seven hundred Arkansians from Yell County have
offered themselves as volunteers to General Steele.
GENERAL BLUNT IN DANGER.
Dispatches from Leavenworth,
Kansas, say that the rebels under Cooper and Shelby, having escaped from our
troops, crossed the Arkansas River with a force of nine thousand men, and were
their marching on General Blunt, who had only a force of one thousand eight
hundred cavalry, who were acting as an escort to a heavy supply train bound for
Fort Smith. General Blunt had reduced the number of his train, and was putting
his force in a position to resist the enemy.
UNION MEETING AT LITTLE ROCK.
At the Union meeting held at
Little Rock, Arkansas, on the 30th ultimo, resolutions were passed expressive of
cordial support and loyalty to the United States, and pledging the utmost
support to uphold the supremacy of the Government. A number of spirited and
loyal addresses were made, and a committee was appointed to draft a constitution
and by-laws for the Central Union Club.
SKIRMISH IN WEST VIRGINIA.
CLARKSBURG, Nov. 8, 1863.
To Governor Boreman:
General Averill attacked
Jackson's forces at Mill Point, Pocahontas County, on the 5th inst., and drove
him from his position with trifling loss. Jackson fell back to the summit of
Droop Mountain, when he was reinforced by General Echols with Patten's brigade
and one regiment from Jenkins's command. The position is naturally a strong one,
and was strengthened by breast-works commanding the road. General Averill turned
the enemy's left with his infantry, and attacked him in front with cavalry
The victory was decisive, and the
enemy's retreat became a total rout, his forces throwing away their arms and
scattering in every direction.
The cavalry pursued till dark,
capturing many prisoners and a large quantity of arms, ammunition, etc.
The enemy's wounded have all
fallen into our hands. Our loss in killed and wounded is about one hundred.
B. F. KELLEY, Brigadier-General.
A NEW CAMPAIGN ON THE GULF.
An active campaign is now in
progress in the Department of the Gulf. The naval expedition under
was at Southwest Pass on the 26th ult., with the Commanding General on board the
flag-ship McClellan. The fleet consists of sixteen steamships, and a large
number of schooners and brigs as tenders. Three ships of war —the Monongahela, Owasco, and Virginia—accompany the squadron.
OUR PRISONERS AT RICHMOND.
Mr. Bohanan, who was captured in
the vicinity of Occoquan last Christmas, and lately returned to his home in
Alexandria, has, among other things, stated that Castle Thunder is the only
prison in Richmond where prisoners are allowed to purchase any thing. Shortly
battle of Chickamauga about two hundred wounded prisoners arrived at
Richmond from the field. They were almost all in a famishing and starving
condition. They were three days on the road between the two points, and all they
had to eat during that time was four hard crackers each. On their arrival at
Richmond they were taken to the
Libey prison, where they lay two drays longer
without having their wounds dressed, and during all which time they had not a
mouthful to eat. Some of them, who were fortunate enough to have a little money,
offered as high as five dollars for a loaf of bread, but the officer in charge
would not let it be carried them.
THE REBEL RAMS STOPPED.
A DISPATCH from Washington,
authorized by the Secretary of State, announces that the iron-clad vessels now
building at Nantes and Bordeaux, it is presumed for the rebels, have been
promptly arrested by the French Government, at the intercession of Minister
THE MEXICAN DELEGATION.
The Paris Moniteur reports the
reception of the Mexican deputation by Napoleon. The Emperor did not allude to
Maximilian in any manner. It was thought the French Legislature would refute the
guarantees demanded by Maximilian.
THE AMERICAN LEGION.
The accession of General
Burgevine, with his American legion, to the cause of the Chinese rebel leader,
is treated by the British papers as an event fraught with serious consequences
to the cause of the Emperor and the future government of the empire.
THE KNOW-NOTHING MOVEMENT.
Accounts from Hakodadi, Japan, to
the 6th ult., state that the Chief Minister of State, and three other Cabinet
officers, had been dismissed because they were in favor of peace with Christian
nations. All foreigners were ordered to have Nagasaki, but refused to do so,
whereupon the "Japanese government resigned."