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Page) while the opposition has been called by a score of names. Yet
the "Democratic party" of to-day is no more like that of thirty years ago than
Jefferson Davis is like Andrew Jackson, or
Horatio Seymour like Silas Wright.
The Democratic party has no single distinctive Democratic principle whatever;
for the fundamental Democratic doctrine is equal rights, and the cardinal dogma
of the present party of that name is privilege, and its whole policy is an
effort to protect it.
The Copperhead faction in this
country, upon whose success the rebels fondly count, has therefore no more right
to the name of Democratic party than a toad has to the name of eagle. It was a
serious error of the true Democrats, when they withdrew from the Convention in
Baltimore fifteen years ago, that they did not carry the Democratic name as they
did the Democratic faith out of that Convention. When they retired they left
only a congress of slaveholders and their dependents; and it was evident that
they would succeed in appropriating the Government to themselves and their
purposes forever, or that civil war would ensue. From that moment until the
present, as the hollowness of the "Democratic" mash has been detected, and in
the degree that Democrats have discovered for themselves that the party retained
nothing of Democracy but the name, they have been constantly leaving it, until
at length the faction which calls itself the Democratic party is merely a tender
to the rebellion And even now the managers of the faction only retain some
honest adherents by pretending an interest in the war for the Union against
But the great mass of loyal
citizens do really hold to the fundamental Democratic doctrine of equal rights
under the laws. They are therefore essentially Democrats. They are engaged in
rescuing the fair fame of their name from the efforts of rebels and rebel
sympathizers and abettors. They are defending the government under which all
wrongs can be most securely righted against those who wish to rear a new and
unjust government upon its ruins. They are maintaining the Union against armed
traitors, and traitors calling themselves peace men. They are defending America
against Americans, and Democracy against Democrats. When the war is over they
will resume their party name, and the great Democracy will declare that in these
bitter and perilous years it was not Davis, nor Vallandigham, nor Slidell, nor
Fernando Wood, nor Yancey, nor Franklin Pierce, nor Isaac Toucey, nor Judah
Benjamin, nor the Seymours who were true Democrats, but
Logan, and Winter Davis, and John A. Andrew, and their
OUR domestic rebels and
Copperheads and our foreign enemies affect to deprecate the
General Gilmore as an atrocious possibility. What are the facts?
For about three months operations have been conducted for the capture of that
city, which is a rebel strong-hold and port of entry. The approach of General
Gilmore has been steady and irresistible. He has possessed himself of
Forts Wagner and Gregg, and silenced
Fort Sumter. He has
summoned the city, and planted his siege-guns. Two or three forts and an
obstructed sea-channel in the harbor yet withstand him. For him, therefore, the
question is simply whether he can most rapidly and cheaply effect his purpose of
destroying the value of the place to the enemy by attacking and capturing the
forts, and clearing the harbor, and then assaulting the city, or by attacking
the city at once.
It is purely a question of war.
Humanity has no more to do with it than with all other warlike operations. If
the people of that wretched town wish to save its walls, let them surrender. If
they do not choose to surrender, let them not plead inhumanity against the
military effort to compel them to surrender. Thackeray's Major O'Gahagan
complained that in a certain duel somebody killed his opponent entirely out of
rule. And Moliere's Bourgeois Gentilhomme cries: "Mais tu me pousses en tierce
avant que de me pousser en quarte, et tu n'as pas la patience que je pare." You
thrust out of rule, and you don't wait until I parry your blows.
General Gilmore and his soldiers
have not gone to
Charleston to satisfy General O'Gahagan
Beauregard, nor to play
a comedy. It is tragedy, for the rebellion and for rebels, upon which they are
"FIT TO BE MADE."
WE spoke some time since of the
duty of every citizen to secure the best nominations by attending the primary
meetings. This has been done in one district at least of this State, the
Onondaga, where Andrew D. White is nominated for State Senator.
Mr. White, a citizen of Syracuse,
and lately Professor of History in the Michigan University, is a man so
unusually fitted by his character and training for public life, of such clear
and strong convictions, such familiarity with our political history, and the
character and wants of the State and country, and withal of such calm good sense
and maturity of mind, that his election, of which there can be little doubt,
will be a benefit not only to his district but to the State and country.
THIS is a beautiful biography of
one of the young heroes in the war, of whom a comrade said, "He never said much
but always did it." It is another glimpse of that rare and unsuspected manhood
which the country and its ideas had trained without our knowing it—another
memorial of a pure, noble young soul spent for the life and liberty of the
It is the memoir of Sergeant John
of the One Hundred and Sixth New
York Regiment, written by his father, Rev. J. P. Thompson of the Tabernacle
Church. It is a portrait painted with pathetic tenderness and mournful grace.
And yet no man more than the faithful father of this good soldier knows that if
such a death touches the home with sorrow that never passes away, it sheds upon
it also a benediction which increases for ever and ever. It is a story for young
men to ponder, and for all of us to read with a sacred pride that there are such
children and such parents; and that the war which secures, with blood and tears,
the union of the country, cements also an undying union of sympathy in the
thousand homes that have been smitten.
SIR EDWARD BULWER LYTTON, who two
years ago made a speech to the Herts County farmers in England, and told them
that the United States were gone, and it was a great blessing, because it was
too large and powerful a nation for the comfort of England, has had another talk
with the same farmers, and he told them "a strange story" indeed.
He said that the noble cause of
national freedom is bound up with the material prosperity and moral power of
England. But Mr. Roebuck had already said the same thing much more
sententiously: "Whatever is for the good of England is for the good of the
world." In both cases it is a naive confession that the ruin of a great power
and the creation of a new slaveholding nation are for the good of England. But
Sir Edward leaves his farming friends in delightful doubt as to how the cause of
national freedom is subserved by the ruin of a nation in order to establish
The mysterious Zanoni proceeds to
remark that not the least remarkable feature of these changes is that they take
England as their model in the institutions they seek to establish; and explains
that he means they reject absolute Despotism and unmitigated Democracy. Let us
see. The cornerstone of the British system is Liberty, that of the Southern is
Slavery. The form of the British Government is hereditary monarchy and nobility,
with a State Church. The form of "the Confederate Government" is a republic,
with no social distinction among those whom it acknowledges as human beings, and
with no State Church. That is to say, in form there is no resemblance whatever.
But if Sir Edward means that in spirit the Slave Government is like the British
he makes a stupid blunder. Because, in spirit, Southern society is an
unmitigated Oriental despotism, the power residing in an oligarchy, and not in a
single person. It has no other resemblance to the British system than all
governments which reject the American doctrine must have to each other, from
England to the King of Dahomy; but Pelham would reason that because a crocodile
is not a hippopotamus it must therefore be an eagle.
He concludes with the remark that
the century may perhaps close upon a world of constitutional monarchies like
England. "What would you say, my sinful brethren," said an old Deacon at a
prayer-meeting, "if you should wake up and find yourselves dead?" If the way to
have the curtain of the century fall upon British monarchies is to lay slavery
corner-stones about the world, there is a good deal of work to be done in
thirty-seven years. "Perhaps" is a good word. The moon may be made of green
cheese. But the chances are very much against it.
England has done, and does, great
service in the world; and among the chief is that her best traditions and
cherished faith are diametrically opposed to such fierce barbarism as is now
striving to overrun part of this continent. But Sir Edward Lytton no more
understands and speaks for this civilizing faith than he represents in his
stories the noblest and most significant life of England.
UPON THE PRESIDENT'S POLICY.
MR. POSTMASTER-GENERAL BLAIR has
made another speech in
Maryland, and if he be correctly reported, he says that
the President's plan of reconstruction contemplates the overthrow of the rebel
Government and the restoration of the loyal men in the rebel section to power.
Of course any plan does this. How is the rebellion to end if the rebels are left
But Mr. Blair's intention,
undoubtedly, is to insinuate that the Emancipation Proclamation need not be a
bugbear in the border States. If by this he means that as Maryland is excepted
from the proclamation she can not complain justly or unjustly of executive
interference, he is right. But if he means that the President recoils from his
policy, and contemplates, in any terms of settlement, the enslaving of persons
freed by his proclamation, then the Postmaster-General counts upon our
forgetting the President's Springfield letter.
The Postmaster-General, we
observe, is assumed in some quarters to speak for the President. After a foolish
speech, which Mr. Blair made in the summer at Concord, New Hampshire, Mr.
Wendell Phillips suggested that he was a traveling political agent of the
Cabinet. Possibly of some one in the Cabinet he may be. But we happen to know
that the President knew nothing of his Postmaster's Concord speech until long
after it was delivered, and it is only fair to conclude that Mr. Blair in
Maryland spoke for himself alone. Indeed, if there is one thing proved, it is
that the President needs nobody to talk or to write for him. There is no man in
our political history who has equaled him in the tact, timeliness, pertinence,
and plainness of his speeches and letters. The last, by-the-by, have been
published in a pamphlet by H. H. Lloyd &. Co., and there is no better or more
REBEL BULLETS AND COPPERHEAD BALLOTS.
IT is well for every voter to
remember that the rebels count upon Copperhead successes at the
polls as equal to "Confederate"
successes in the field. It matters very little to the cause of the rebellion
whether it prevails by friendly ballots at the North or bullets at the South.
Thus, one of the most rabid rebel sheets, the Atlanta, Appeal, speaking of
Bragg's battle at Chattanooga, says: "We shall now be recognized. Our securities
will rise. Vallandigham will be elected." The friends of Vallandigham in New
York offer a ticket opposed to the unconditional Union ticket. Shall we give the
Atlanta Appeal reason to record the result of the election here with as much joy
as it describes the battle at Chattanooga?
THE London Times says, with the
solemnity of a wolf muffled in lamb's wool and trying to baa: "We are
desperately bent on keeping the path of public right and national honor." If the
Florida did not afford sufficient proof of this great fact, the Alabama is
certainly enough to put it beyond question.
AND NAVY ITEMS.
GENERAL GRANT is able to move
General PRENTISS arrived at Cairo
from below last week, en route for Washington.
General HERRON, in consequence of
sickness, has been compelled to abandon the command of the expedition, and is
succeeded by General DANA. General HERRON arrived at New York last week in the
Lieutenant H. A. FERNALD,
Twenty-second Massachusetts Volunteers, has been honorably acquitted of the
charges preferred against him.
It is reported from rebel sources
that Lieutenant-General POLK and Major-General HINDMAN have been relieved of
their commands by order of General BRAGG, for alleged disobedience of orders.
Rear-Admiral DU PONT, on 12th,
visited the Russian fleet in our harbor, and was most cordially received.
The command of a squadron of
cavalry, proposed to be formed from the Fifth Ohio Infantry, has been tendered
to Major T. GAINES, the Judge Advocate, long associated as assistant with Judge
Brigadier-General MEREDITH, agent
for the exchange of prisoners, arrived in Washington on 13th.
Colonel DUCAT, Inspector, on
General ROSECRANS'S staff, has gone northward on sick
Generals NEGLEY, CRITTENDEN, and
M'COOK, were in Nashville on 13th.
On 7th inst. a magnificent
banquet was given to Brigadier-General CHARLES K. GRAHAM, at Delmonico's in
Fourteenth Street, by a number of our prominent citizens.
The employment at last given to
General WADSWORTH will take him to Mississippi. His functions will be of a mixed
character, civil and military.
General HARTSUFF has been
relieved of the command of the Ninth Army Corps, and appointed to another
On Sunday, 11th, Admiral MILNE
and suite, with Lord LYONS and the entire British Legation, attended by the
Secretary of State and others, visited Mount Vernon, and paid homage at the tomb
Colonel PERCY WYNDHAM, who only a
few days ago resumed command of his brigade of cavalry, very much to his
surprise, has received an order relieving him from all military duty.
review of the evidence in the investigation of the evacuation of Winchester by
General MILROY, entirely exonerates that officer from blame, and attributes
whatever fault there was in the matter to General SCHENCK, General MILROY'S
superior officer, and Colonel M'REYNOLDS, his subordinate.
The order recently issued sending
Captain PARKER, of General MARTINDALE'S Staff, to report to
General BANKS, has
been revoked. Captain PARKER is assigned to duty at head-quarters of the
Military Governor. Colonel INGRAHAM, of the Thirty-eighth Massachusetts, is
assigned to the duty of examining prisoners at the Old Capitol.
General SIGEL met with an
impromptu ovation of much spirit at Pittsburg on 8th. He made a stirring,
patriotic speech, and was followed by other speakers.
Commodore SHUFELDT, detached from
the command of the Conemaugh, has been ordered to the command of the Proteus.
Lieutenant-Commander DE KRAFFT
has been ordered to the command of the Conemaugh.
Major-General HANCOCK, writing to
a friend in Washington, expresses a hope to rejoin the army within three weeks.
He is yet lame, and not able to ride horseback, but his wound is healing.
It is very probable that
Major-General HEINTZELMAN will be immediately relieved from the command of the
Department of Washington, and placed in command of that of Texas, for which he
is well fitted by long service there. It is understood that either General
BARNARD or General SICKLES will succeed HEINTZEI.MAN in the command of this
Department. It is urged that General BARNARD should be selected on account of
his familiarity with the relative strength and value of all the fortifications,
as they have been located and constructed under his supervision as the chief
engineer of the defenses of Washington, and he necessarily knows more about them
than any one else.
ARMY OF THE POTOMAC.
IT is reported that the whole
rebel army has crossed the Rapidan, and that
General Meade has fallen back to
the north bank of the Rappahannock. When our forces retired from Culpepper they
burned such stores as could not be conveniently carried away, in order to
prevent then falling into the hands of the enemy. The rebels are said to have
commenced the passage of the Rapidan on 8th, moving in the direction of Madison
Court House, with the evident intention of turning General Meade's right wing.
Heavy cavalry forces have been sent to our front to dislodge the rebels, who are
said to be holding all the gaps in the Bull Run Mountains. There was skirmishing
on 12th between the cavalry and some light batteries at or near the line of the
Rappahannock. Thus far, the infantry has not been engaged on either side.
SKIRMISH OF 10TH.
On Friday night and Saturday
morning the rebels moved out of town in a northwardly direction. A division of
infantry, a large body of cavalry, and considerable artillery were occasionally
seen by our signal-men through openings in the forest, which generally conceals
the road. The object of the movement could not at that time be determined. One
of General Kilpatrick's cavalry brigades attempted a reconnoissance on the south
side of Robertson's River, when they were met by a large body of Stuart's rebel
cavalry. A fight ensued, continuing an hour, when our troops fell back upon the
infantry reserves. After another severe contest the infantry were compelled to
give way, and a considerable number of them were captured. A detachment of our
cavalry then dashed upon the enemy, retaking nearly all the prisoners. Our
entire force was then pushed back toward Culpepper, skirmishing on the way, and
contesting every foot of ground.
It is stated on
authority from Chattanooga, that the communications of
General Rosecrans are
that the rebels who have been
attacking his outposts are all dispersed, and that the condition of his army is
On 8th General Crook, with a
brigade of cavalry, came up with a portion of Wharton's rebel cavalry, near
Franklin. Sharp fighting ensued, the result of which was one hundred and
twenty-five rebels killed and wounded, three hundred taken prisoners, and four
pieces of cannon captured. The rebels fled.
BURNSIDE AT WORK.
Dispatches from Knoxville,
Tennessee, report a brisk engagement of General Burnside's corps, near Blue
Spring, on 8th and 9th. The rebels numbered some six thousand. The fight was
renewed on 11th, when the rebels were driven from the field. We lost sixty men
in killed and wounded.
Our latest news from Charleston
is to the effect that there is every probability that a combined attack of our
army and naval forces will be made on the city within ten days from this time.
All preparations were ready for such an event at last accounts, but it had not
Serious damage was suffered by
the frigate New Ironsides on the night of the 6th inst. by the explosion of a
rebel torpedo. The Ironsides was anchored at the time off Fort Moultrie, and the
infernal contrivance was set adrift from the upper end of Sullivan's Island,
whence it floated rapidly down on the ebb-tide, and struck her before she could
be removed after its discovery. The explosion is described as having been
terrific, dashing the water in a heavy volume on the deck, and putting out all
the fires. It is stated that the damage was so great that Admiral Dahlgren has
it under advisement whether to send the vessel North for repairs. Unfortunately
an officer was killed by the explosion, and two men wounded.
QUANTRiLL AT WORK.
An attack upon the staff and
body-guard of General Blunt, near Fort Scott, was made a few days since by
Quantrill and his band of miscreants, and in this matter they fully sustained
the infamous reputation which was lately achieved by them at Lawrence. Assuming
the uniform of Union soldiers, three hundred of these scoundrels surprised
General Blunt's small party and captured seventy-eight of the one hundred men
composing it. These prisoners were afterward brutally murdered, all of them
having been found with bullet-holes through the head. General Blunt himself
escaped, and meeting reinforcements below Fort Scott, took command of them and
went in pursuit of Quantrell.
GENERAL HERRON'S EXPEDITION.
Intelligence has been received
from General Herron's Expedition against guerrillas, in the vicinity of Morganza,
a few miles above Port Hudson. Upon reaching the Atchafalaya River, it was found
the rebels were in a strong position, and it was deemed advisable to prepare for
an attack. At the same time, a force of some 400, under Lieutenant-Colonel Leake,
of the Twentieth Iowa, was thrown forward five or six miles. The rebels secretly
crossed the river, and got between Colonel L.'s command and the main body,
forcing a severe fight, which lasted half an hour, when our troops were obliged
to surrender. The main body was hurried up, but the rebels hurried off.
DAVIS ON A TOUR.
The Petersburg Express of
Wednesday says that President Davis passed through Petersburg the day previous,
for some point South, accompanied only by a friend or two, and but for the fact
that he is so well known by the people of the Confederacy, would have gone
through entirely unobserved. He was looking well, and appeared to be in
excellent spirits. It is not improbable that Jeff Davis is on his way to
Charleston, Chattanooga, and Mobile, on a tour of inspection, with a view to
inspirit his troops at these points.
INCENDIARISM IN THE WEST.
Within the last two months Jeff
Davis's rebel incendiaries have set on fire and destroyed fifteen first-class
Mississippi steamboats, valued at three-quarters of a million of dollars, and
caused the loss of twenty-eight lives.
We have at the present time but
few scattering returns of the elections. But enough has been received to render
it pretty certain that Curtin has been elected over Woodward by a considerable
majority, and that Brough has beaten Vallandigham by 50,000 or 75,000.
SPEECH FROM EARL RUSSELL.
EARL RUSSELL had made an
important speech on foreign affairs at Blair Gowrie, in Scotland. He referred at
considerable length to the American question; justified England in recognizing
the Confederates as belligerents; and answered some of the imputations brought
by the people of the North, particularly the speech of Senator Sumner. He also
replied to the complaint of the South in regard to the recognition of the
blockade; and asserted that although self-interest demanded that England should
break it, she prefers the course of honor, as it would have been infamous to
break it. He showed that the Government had not sufficient evidence against the
Alabama to detain her until after she sailed, and explained the difficulties in
the way of interference in such cases. He drew a line between ordinary vessels
equipped for war purposes and steam rams, which are in themselves formed for
acts of offense, and might be used without ever touching Confederate shores. He
asserted that the Government was ready to do every thing the duties of
neutrality required—every thing that is just to a friendly nation, and such as
they would wish done to themselves; but would not yield one jot of right to the
menace of foreign powers. He complimented the Federal Government and
upon the fairness with which they have discussed the matters of difference; but
said there were others, including Senator Sumner, who had acted differently. He
denounced the efforts of those who sought to create trouble between America and
Europe; and, with expressions of friendship toward America, asserted that all
his efforts would be to maintain peace. Speaking of Poland, he defended
England's position, and remonstrated against that of Russia; but did not think
England should go to war on the subject. As regards Mexico, he thought that if
the Mexicans approved of what was being done for them they should be allowed to
The Cape of Good Hope mails
contain some very important information relative to the work of the privateers
Alabama, Georgia, and Tuscaloosa—formerly the bark Conrad, just converted into a
rebel war vessel—in and off Table Bay, Simon's Bay, and other parts of the
coast. The Alabama captured the Union bark Sea Bride within sight of thousands
of the colonists as she was running into Table Bay. The United States Consul
protested against the seizure as having been made within a cannon-shot of the
shore. He also claimed the restitution of the Tuscaloosa, as agent for her
owners, on the ground that, not having been condemned by the prize court of any
recognized country, her entry into a British port was a violation of the Queen's
proclamation. The Governor decided against both these demands; whereupon the
Consul protested in the name of his Government, and pointed out that the
original cargo of the Tuscaloosa had been sold to merchants at Cape Town. and
that the cargo of the Sea Bride would be similarly disposed of. The Alabama and
Georgia reported a great many captures and very profitable trips.
MAXIMILIAN HAS NOT ACCEPTED.
The Archduke Maximilian has
replied to the Mexican deputation, who have waited upon him with a formal offer
of the throne, that he is willing to accept it, if tendered by a free,
spontaneous, and genuine expression of the people of Mexico, coupled with some
guarantee for the integrity and independence of that country.