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MAJOR-GENERAL HERRON—[FROM A PHOTOGRAPH BY BRADY.]
SERGEANT JOHN CLEM.
SERGEANT JOHN CLEM, Twenty-second
Michigan Volunteer Infantry, is the youngest soldier in our army. He is 12 years
old, and small even for his age. His home is Newark, Ohio. He first attracted
the notice of
General Rosecrans at a review at Nashville,
where he was acting as marker of his regiment. The General, attracted by his
youth and intelligence, invited him to call upon him whenever they were in the
same place. Rosecrans saw no more of Clem until his return to Cincinnati, when
one day coming to his rooms at the Burnet House, he found the boy awaiting him.
He had seen service in the mean while. He had gone through the
battle of Chickamauga, where he had three
bullets through his hat. Here he killed a rebel Colonel. The officer, mounted on
horseback, encountered the young hero, and called out, "Stop, you little Yankee
devil!" By way of answer the boy halted, brought his piece to "order," thus
throwing the Colonel off his guard. In another moment the piece was cocked,
brought to aim, fired, and the officer fell dead from his horse. For this
achievement Clem was promoted to the rank of Sergeant, and Rosecrans bestowed
upon him the Roll of Honor. He is now on duty at the head-quarters of the Army
of the Cumberland.
SALTPETER CAVE NEAR CHATTANOOGA.
THE "Nick-a-Jack" Cave near
Chattanooga is one of the main sources from which the Confederates have derived
the saltpeter required for the manufacture of powder. Its loss is deplored by
the rebels as one of the most serious results of our victory at Chattanooga. Six
or seven years ago this cave was visited by "Porte Crayon" (D. H. Strother, of
Virginia, lately on the staff of General Banks, at New Orleans), the genial
artist-correspondent of Harper's Magazine. From his description in that
periodical for August, 1858, we quote the following: The cave is situated at the
base of Raccoon Mountain, which rises abruptly to the height of twelve or
fifteen hundred feet above the low grounds.
In the face of a perpendicular
cliff appeared the yawning mouth of Nick-a-Jack Cave. It is not arched as these
caves usually are, but spanned by horizontal strata resting on square abutments
at the sides, like the massive entablature of an Egyptian or Etruscan temple.
From the opening issues a considerable stream, of a bright green color, and of
sufficient volume to turn a saw-mill near at hand. The height of the cliff is
about 70 feet, that of the opening 40 feet, and about 100 in width immediately
at the entrance, and of this the stream occupies about one-third. The roof of
the cave is square and smooth, like the ceiling of a room, but below, the
passage is rough and irregular, with heaps of earth and huge angular masses of
rock, making the exploration both difficult and dangerous.
"Porte Crayon" goes on to
describe how the cave was formerly the resort of a gang of banditti, whose
occupation was plundering and murdering the emigrants and traders who descended
the Tennessee River, the cave furnishing a convenient hiding-place for their
booty. Since he wrote this cave had fallen into the hands of a worse and more
desperate gang, who used it for purposes still more nefarious, extracting from
it abundant supplies of the "villainous saltpeter" required for the manufacture
of powder for the Confederate States of America. It has now—thanks to Grant and
Sherman—fallen into honest hands. Our illustration on this page, for which we
are indebted to a photograph furnished by Mr. Morse, of Nashville, gives the
present aspect of the cave, showing the ruins of the rebel Saltpeter Works.
A TELEGRAM from Pittsburg,
published in the New York papers of January 15, says:
The morning express train ran off
the track, and two passenger cars were precipitated down the embankment, forty
feet, and were destroyed by fire from the stoves. Several persons were injured,
none of them seriously.
Our correspondent, who was on
this train, and who furnishes us the sketch on
page 92, writes:
The cars made a clear leap of
some forty feet into the bed of the Little Juniata River, and almost instantly
caught fire, and were consumed. Some thirty out of fifty passengers were so
severely injured as to be unable to care for themselves, while hardly one
escaped unhurt. The good people of the town of Birmingham, and the country
around, were soon on the spot, and exerted themselves in caring for the wounded,
among whom were many soldiers returning home on furlough. We fortunately got out
all the wounded before the fire reached them.
OF THE NEW YORK 103D.
THIS regiment, known as the
"Seward Infantry," has seen honorable service during the
siege of Charleston. It is now recruiting in
New York. Its rendezvous is at 218 Rivington Street, where applications for
enrollment may be made, or to Colonel HEINE, 40 Bowery, Captain REDLICH, 27
Bowery, Lieutenant BRANDT, Bowery Garden, or Lieutenant SCHMIDT, 343
Forty-fourth Street. The bounties paid to veterans amount to $852, to recruits
$677—$300 cash in hand. Their camp, represented on page 92, is on one of the
islands near Charleston Harbor, in a very healthy location. The rations
furnished are excellent and abundant.
As their names evince, the
officers of this regiment are Germans, and very likely to this is owing that, by
special permission of the Commanding General, the national beverage, lager-bier,
GENERAL FRANCIS J. HERRON.
GENERAL HERRON is a native of
Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. Some eight years ago he removed to
Dubuque, Iowa, where he entered into business.
Here he took an active part in the organization of the "Governor's Grays," which
soon became one of the noted Companies of the Northwest. This Company, of which
he was Captain, tendered their services to the Government in December, 1860.
When the President's Proclamation calling for volunteers was put forth, the
Grays became a part of the First Iowa Regiment, entering service in May, 1861.
Captain Herron distinguished himself at the Battle of Wilson's Creek, August 10,
Lyon fell. He then returned home and raised a
three-years' regiment, of which he was appointed Lieutenant-Colonel. This was
attached to Curtis's forces, and took part in the battles of Pea Ridge, March 7
and 8, 1862, where Herron commanded the regiment, its Colonel having charge of a
During the second day's fight
Herron was wounded, his ankle being broken by a cannon-shot, which killed his
horse. Yet he led his men for an hour, until the enemy's batteries were reached.
Here he was surrounded and taken prisoner, but was soon after exchanged for the
rebel Colonel Hebert. In July, 1862, he was promoted to the rank of
Brigadier-General of Volunteers, and at the Battle of Prairie Grove, December 7,
he commanded two divisions, and though fighting against overwhelming odds, won
the battle before reinforcements came up. Twenty days after he captured Van
Buren, Arkansas. For his gallantry on these occasions he was promoted to the
rank of Major-General, his commission dating from November 29, 1862. Early in
1863 Herron's divisions were sent to
Vicksburg, and during the latter part of the
siege they formed the left wing of
Grant's army. After the fall of Vicksburg they
were sent to
New Orleans, where they operated in the
Atchafalaya and other districts of Louisiana. Herron's health failing in
October, 1863, he was relieved by General Dana. Herron, having re-covered his
health, has just gone to Texas, relieving Dana and assuming his old command on
the 2d of January. If we can judge any thing from the antecedents of General
Herron, we shall before long hear of his doings in the
"Loan Star" State.