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Page) parts live only in the life of
the whole. He who shows this to his State does a service which no service can
surpass. He who blinds her to it stabs her mortally.
Two Kentuckians have spoken. One
defends the treason that, ruining the nation, would make Kentuckv contemptible.
The other defends the nation, whose prermanence is the life-blood of the State.
ANOTHER DISTINGUISHED VICTIM.
THE war is so urgent that it is
putting even the language to flight. The English tongue proves inadequate to the
occasion. But is our race really so unused to fighting that it must borrow from
France the words that describe armies ? The papers speak of the grande armee.
Why not the great army; or, as simplicity is strength, the army ? Then what has
happened to the good technical, expressive words division or column, that are
suddenly unequal to the emergency, and must be superseded by corps d'armee? Why
should a division or column of the army be called corps d'armee, any more than
the nation should he called la Republique? War is not a peculiarly French
science that its technical terms must be expressed in French.
Let us have an end of this
General Scott is the chief of an army, not of a grande armee;
General McDowell and
General McClellan—whose names be honored !—command
divisions, not corps.
WHEN TO CELEBRATE A VICTORY.
THE proper time to celebrate a
victory is when the army returns victorious, not when it marches out to battle.
Nobody, probably, who could be said to have any opinion, supposed that this
rebellion, which had so long and strong a start of the Government, could be
suppressed in a month, or without the fluctuating fortune of war. There must be
many battles, victories, and defeats. Now one side will triumph, now the other.
The essential point is that every body shall keep his head and heart as cool as
possible; and above all, not suppose that a single battle can conclude the war.
We must rely upon our common
sense. At this moment of writing, for instance, the advance of our army is
checked at Manassas. Now let us suppose that the enemy is in as strong force as
we: we know that they have the choice of position; that they are strongly and
skillfully fortified; that they have as many cannon, and that they are as
well-served; that in their ranks are many men who, under the melancholy delusion
cast upon them by their leaders, seriously believe that they are opposing the
irruption of a savage horde whose motto is "Beauty and booty ;" that the Rebel
Congress has just assembled at Richmond, and that defeat now would be so to
dishearten that body and demoralize the insurrection, that every nerve will be
strained to desperation to secure success.
Bearing these facts in mind, and
remembering the chance of war, it would be by no means surprising if the enemy
held their position. But what then ? Did you suppose that our army was to march
straight from the Potomac to the Gulf of Mexico? Did you suppose that all the
transfer of so many of the best arms of the country to the rebel part of the
country by that worthy patriot, John B. Floyd, was to have no result ? Above
all, did you suppose that the leaders of this cruel rebellion would dare to
retreat altogether? They must stand somewhere: they must fight: for it is bettor
for them to run the risk of a battle with loyal citizens than meet the fatal
rage of those whom they have duped into treason.
But while a great defeat at this
period of the war would be the ruin of the rebellion, a defeat would be but a
delay to the Government. It would deepen and intensify the struggle. It would be
a victory as fatal to the rebels as that of Bunker Hill was to the British. It
would open a new view of this great effort of Constitutional liberty to maintain
itself; and the calmest and most reasonable of citizens would repeat the words
of Senator Dixon of Connecticut, and Senator Browning of Illinois, calmest and
most reasonable of Senators : " The nation must be preserved pure and inviolate,
and whatever stands in the way, whether political or vested right, must go
It is for the rebel meeting at
Richmond to determine at what cost to themselves they will compel the Government
of the United States to celebrate its victory.
HUMORS OF THE DAY.
DAUGHTERS TO SELL.
SONG BY A LADY OF FASHION.
DAUGHTERS to sell! Daughters to
sell! They cost more money than I can tell; Their education has been first-rate;
What wealthy young nobleman wants
a mate? They sing like nightingales, play as well: Daughters to sell! Daughters
Here's my fine daughters, my
daughters, oh! German, Italian, and French they know, Dance like Sylphides for
grace and ease; Choose out your partner, whichever you please. Here's a nice
wife for a rich young swell: Daughters to sell! Daughters to sell!
Beautiful daughters, dark and
Each is treasure to suit a
millionaire, Or fit to pair with any duke's heir
At St. George's Church by Hanover
Square. Hoy! you that in lordly mansions dwell, Daughters to sell! Daughters to
Say my dear daughters! Who wants
a bride, That can give her a carriage, and horses to ride, Stand an opera-box
for his fancy's queen,
And no end of acres of crinoline.
Ever new furniture, jewels, and
All sorts of servants upon her to
Visits to Paris, Vienna, and
In short all that she's been
brought up to at home. Here are girls for your money—if out you can shell. My
daughters to sell! My daughters to sell!
A letter from Naples says:
"Standing on Castle Elmo, I drank in the whole sweep of the bay." What a swallow
the writer must have!
THE WAY TO WIN HIM.
A fast girl fails to catch a lord
and master, Because some other girls are rather faster. And ev'n a fast man
fears to take a wife, If fast, who'll be bound fast to him for life.
AT IT AGAIN, YOU SEE!—The Wiscount is ever apt at an absurdity. A friend of his the other day was talking
of America, and saying that to set the slaves all free without injuring their
owners would be almost an act of magic. "Magic!" chirped the Wiscount. "Well, I
don't see that exactly. But it might certainly be called an act of negromancy !"
What's the difference between the
late Sultan, Abdul Medjid, and his successor?
Abdul Medjid is Abdul as was, but
the present Sultan is Abdul Aziz.
We are told that "as a man makes
his bed so he must he lie in it." It is so with a bankrupt ; for we find that,
when his balance-sheet is not drawn up all straight, there is generally awful
lying in it.
INFALLIBLE RECIPE F0R HOT
WEATHER.-What is the best way to prevent meat turning? Eat it straight off.
"ALL ALIVE, OH!"—Friendship, it
must be confessed, is of a far more cannibalistic turn than Enmity. Men are
merely bitten by their enemies, but they are eaten up by their friends.
Louis XIV. being extremely
harassed by the repeated solicitations of a veteran officer for promotion, said
one day, loud enough to be heard, "That gentleman is the most troublesome
officer I have in my service. " That is precisely the charge," said the old man,
" which your majesty's enemies bring against me."
An adjutant of a volunteer corps,
being doubtful whether he had distributed
muskets to all the men, cried out,
"All you that are without arms, hold up your hands!"
A Bladensburg correspondent tells
us of an officer in one of the volunteer regiments stationed there : Finding
that offenses against good discipline were getting to be entirely too numerous,
he established a court-martial for the trial and judgment of offenders, and
issued the following order: "If the court-martial exonerates an offender, then
the officer of the day will punish him in such manner as he may think
proper—handcuffing or tying to a fence."
A great toper, who had drunk
nothing stronger than brandy all his life, called for a goblet of water on his
deathbed, saying, "When a man is dying he ought to make it up with his enemies."
The following letter was sent by
a father to his son at college:
"MY DEAR SON,—I write to send you
some new corks, which your mother has just knit by cutting down some of mine.
Your mother sends you ten pounds, without my knowledge, and for fear you would
not spend it wisely, I have kept back half, and only send you five. Your mother
and I are well, except that your sister has got the measles, which we think
would spread among the other girls if Tom had not had them before, and he is the
only one left. I hope you will do honor to my teachings; if you do not, you are
a donkey, and your mother and myself are your affectionate parents."
"I'm getting fat," as the thief
said when he was stealing lard.
"We knew an old man who believed
that ' what was to be, would be.' He lived in a region infested by very savage
Indians. He always took his gun with him, but this time he found some of his
family had taken it. As he would not go without it, his friends tantalized him
by saying that there was no danger of the Indians; that he would not die till
his time came any how. ' Yes,' says the old fellow,' suppose I was to meet an
Indian, and his time had come, it wouldn't do not to have my gun."'
People generally freeze in
doubling the Cape; but a lady generally doubles hers to keep her warm.
A gentleman made his wife a
present of a silver drinking-cup, with an angel at the bottom, and when he
filled it for her, she used to drain it to the bottom, and he asked her why she
drank every drop. "Because, ducky," she said, "I long to see the dear little
angel." Upon which he had the angel taken out, and had a devil engraved at the
bottom, and she drank it off just the same; and he again asked her the reason.
"Why," replied the wife, "because I won't leave the old devil a drop."
An anti-tobacco lecturer spoke so
powerfully against the use of tobacco that several of his audience went home and
burned their cigars—holding one end of them in their mouths by way of
"Good-morning, Dennis. You have
at last, I perceive, displayed taste in the purchase of a hat."
"Thrue for you, Sir; sure it has
a crown any how; but look at them brogues, Sir; arn't they illegant?"
To this I assented, but observed
that his coat seemed to fit him "too much."
"Och!" said he, in a confidential
manner, " there's nothing surprising in that; sure I wasn't there when I was
measured for it."
Not long since a gentleman took
his little daughter to the dentist's to have a tooth extracted. After the
operation her father said to her, "Now, my dear, if you don't put your tongue
where the tooth came out, you'll have a gold tooth. To which she replied, "If I
should have one, father, it wouldn't be long before you would be trying to get
A prudent man advised his drunken
servant to put by his money for a rainy day. In a few weeks the master inquired
how much of his wages he had saved. "Faith, none at all," said he, "it rained
yesterday, and it all went."
" The child is father to the
man." Not invariably; we have known it to be mother of the woman,
A "Ladies' Shoemaker" advertises
himself as one of the luminaries of "the Sole her System."
ON Tuesday, 16th, the Senate
passed the Naval Appropriation Bill. The resolution approving the acts of the
President in suppressing the rebellion was discussed by Senator Breckinridge, of
Kentucky, in opposition to its adoption. An executive session was held, and
subsequently the Senate adjourned.-In the House, the Committee on Commerce, in
response to a resolution directing inquiry as to what measures are necessary to
suppress privateering and render the blockade of the rebel ports more effectual,
reported a bill authorizing the Secretary of the Navy to hire, purchase, or
contract for such vessels as may be necessary for a temporary, increase of the
navy, the vessels to be furnished with such ordnance, stores, and munitions of
war as will enable them to render the most efficient service. The bill was
referred to the Committee on Naval Affairs. A bill authorizing the President to
call out the militia to suppress rebellion was passed unanimously. The bill
authorizing the President to accept the services of five hundred thousand
volunteers was also passed. The Senate's amendments to the Loan Bill were all
concurred in. A joint resolution, conveying the thanks of Congress to
George B. McClellan and the officers and soldiers under his
command, for the recent brilliant victories over the rebels in Western Virginia,
was unanimously adopted. The bill to promote the
efficiency of the volunteer
forces, and for other purposes, was passed, and the House adjourned.
On Wednesday, 17th, the Senate
passed the bill providing for a temporary increase of the navy. The bill for the
better organization of the military establishment, and providing a retiring list
for the army, was taken up, debated, and recommitted to the Committee on
Military Affairs. A committee of conference was ordered on the House amendment
to the bill authorizing the employment of volunteers. A bill to suppress
insurrection and sedition was introduced and referred to the Committee on the
Judiciary. After an executive session the Senate adjourned.—In the House, Mr.
Henry May, of Maryland, was sworn in and took his seat. A resolution was offered
extending the scope of the investigations of the select committee appointed to
examine into the contracts of the War Department. After considerable discussion
the resolution was adopted, by a vote of 81 to 42. The Tariff bill was then
taken up. The Tariff bill, levying a war tax on tea, coffee, sugar, etc., was
discussed in committee, but no definite action was taken.
On Thursday, 18th, in the Senate
the Secretary announced that Vice-President Hamlin would be unable to attend
during the remainder of the session, when, on motion, Senator Foot, of Vermont,
was elected pro tempore presiding officer. The bill providing for an Assistant
Secretary of the Navy was passed; a proposed amendment, providing also for an
Assistant Secretary of the Interior, being rejected. The bill for the better
organization of the military establishment was reported back to the Senate from
the Military Committee, with amendments. The amendment in relation to filling
the vacancies in the West Point Academy was, after some discussion, stricken
out. Senator Powell, of Kentucky, offered an amendment that no part of the army
or navy shall be used to subjugate sovereign States or to interfere with
slavery, which caused a long and spirited debate, in which several Senators
participated. Finally, Senator Sherman offered a substitute for Senator Powell's
amendment, to the effect that the purposes of the military establishment were to
preserve the Union, to maintain its authority and the authority of the
Constitution, and to defend property. This substitute of Senator Sherman's was
agreed to by 33 to 4, and the bill as amended was passed. A report was made from
the Committee of Conference on the bill to authorize the employment of
volunteers, and the report was adopted.-In the House, a bill supplemental to the
act for the punishment of piracy was reported and referred. A resolution was
adopted instructing the Committee on Commerce to inquire into the expediency of
closing certain ports in the rebellious States. A considerable portion of the
day's session was taken up in a debate elicited by the report of the Judiciary
Committee on a resolution referred to them in reference to the recent visit of
Representative May, of Baltimore, to Richmond, and his alleged complicity in
various ways with the rebels. Several members took part in the discussion, which
was quite animated and interesting. The House afterward passed the Tariff bill.
The Senate's amendments to the Naval Appropriation bill were concurred in. The
bill providing for an increase of the standing army to twenty-four thousand men
was then taken up, and an amendment adopted, converting those regiments into
volunteer forces, when, without further action, the House adjourned.
On Friday, 19th, the Senate
passed the Civil Appropriation Bill, and the bill making appropriations for the
legislative, executive, and judicial expenses of the Government. A bill
providing for the construction of one or more iron-cased steamships of war was
referred to the Naval Committee. The resolution approving the acts of the
President with reference to the suppression of the rebellion was discussed by
Senator Bayard, of Delaware, who was in favor of a separation of the States
rather than civil war. After an executive session the Senate adjourned.-In the
House, the bill providing for the better organization of the military
establishment was passed; also the Senate bill providing for a temporary
increase of the navy. Mr. Crittenden, of Kentucky, asked leave to submit
resolutions declaring the present civil war had been forced on us by the
disunionists of the Southern States now in rebellion against the Government of
the United States ; that in this national emergency, Congress, banishing all
feelings of passion and resentment, will recollect only their duty to their
country; that the war is not waged for conquest or subjugation, or for
interfering with the rights or established institutions of these States, but to
maintain and defend the supremacy of the Constitution, with the rights and
equality under it unimpaired; that as soon as these objects shall be
accomplished the war ought to cease. Mr. Stevens objected to the introduction of
the resolutions. The Chairman of this Committee on Ways and Means announced that
he had no more bills to report, and moved an adjournment till Monday, which was
On Saturday, 20th, in the Senate,
the bill respecting the construction of iron-cased ships-of-war was laid over,
as was also a bill increasing the army medical corps. A resolution directing
inquiry into the circumstances of the surrender of the navy-yards at Pensacola
Norfolk was referred to the Naval Committee. A bill providing for furnishing
arms to loyal citizens in the rebellious States was referred to the Military
Committee. The resolution approving the acts of the President in suppressing the
rebellion was taken up, and discussed by Senator Latham, of California, who
approved of all the acts of
Mr. Lincoln, and declared, furthermore, if the
President had not exercised the powers he assumed, he (Senator Lathan) would
have voted to have him impeached, as unfit and unworthy of the place he
occupied, and derelict in its duties. Senator Rice, of Minnesota, said he
indorsed the sentiments of Senator Latham. After an executive session the Senate
-The House was not in session,
having adjourned over
On Monday, 22d, in the Senate,
the bill to provide for iron-clad ships and floating batteries was passed. A
very interesting part of the Senate's proceedings was the consideration of the
bill authorizing the confiscation of the property of rebels. On the taking up of
this bill an amendment was offered by Senator Trumbull to include slaves in the
category of confiscated property, which gave rise to a spirited debate, in which
various Senators participated. The amendment was agreed to by thirty-two yeas to
six nays, and the bill was passed. A bill from the Finance Committee,
supplementary to the act authorizing a national loan, was passed. A resolution
was introduced by Senator McDougal, of California, and referred to the Military
Committee, to the effect that it is the policy of the Government to organize a
regular army of one hundred and fifty thousand men. The consideration of the
joint resolution approving of the acts of President Lincoln was postponed till
Wednesday. A message was received from the President, when an executive session
was held.—In the House, Mr. Crittenden, of Kentucky, offered resolutions to the
effect that the present war has been forced on the country by the Southern
disunionists, but that, nevertheless, the only object of the Government in
prosecuting it is to maintain its integrity and the unity of our entire country,
and that when these objects shall have been accomplished the war shall
terminate. These resolutions were adopted almost unanimously. A vote of thanks
was passed to the brave Massachusetts Sixth Regiment, of 19th of April fame;
also to the gallant Pennsylvanians who passed through Baltimore on the 18th of
April, on their way to the defense of the national capital. A resolution in
reference to the disasters to the national forces at
Bull's Run, declaring
undiminished confidence in our ultimate success, was introduced and
appropriately referred. Following this, a resolution was passed to the effect
that the preservation of our glorious Union is a sacred trust, and that no
disasters, however apparently overwhelming; must deter the nation or its
representatives from the performance of this high duty. A resolution was adopted
calling on the Secretary of War for any information which he may possess in
regard to the enlistment by the rebels of Indians and negroes in their
traitorous army. A hill was passed for reimbursing the Governors of States for
expenses incurred in fitting out regiments for the support of the national
Government in the present emergency. Several other subjects received attention,
after which the House adjourned.
THE ADVANCE OF THE GRAND ARMY.
The grand advance movement of the
Union army into Virginia took place last week. General McDowell, with his staff,
left Arlington on 16th, with nearly his whole force of some 60,000 men, at half
past three o'clock. The brigade of General Louis Blenker, comprising the Eighth
and Twenty-ninth Regiments New York Volunteers, the
Garibaldi Guard, and the
Twenty-fourth Regiment Pennsylvania
Volunteers, formed the advance
column of the grand army.
The rebels evacuated Fairfax
Court House and
Centreville as our troops advanced, falling back on Bull's Run
and Manassas Gap. A reconnoissance by General Tyler of the batteries at the
former place, on 19th, developed the enemy in great strength ; and on Sunday
morning, 21st, General McDowell attacked them there. These batteries were taken
by our troops, and the whole day was spent in hard fighting. At 2 P.M. it seemed
that we had carried all the points attacked. But just then General Johnson
brought up his army in support of
Beauregard, a panic suddenly broke out in our
army, and it retreated on Centreville, Fairfax, and lastly on Washington, with
Jeff Davis is said to have commanded the enemy in person.
CHANGES AMONG OUR MILITARY
General McClellan, whose able management of the campaign in Western
Virginia is worthy of all praise, has been called to Washington to take command
of the Army of the Potomac. His presence there will no doubt inspire confidence
in the men. General McDowell will probably resume his former position as General
of brigade. Brigadier-General Rosencrans, who so gallantly won the battle of
Rich Mountain, is to succeed General McClellan in command on the Upper Potomac.
General William S. Rosencrans is a native of Ohio and a West Point officer,
having entered the Military Academy in 1838. He was breveted Second Lieutenant
of Engineers in July, 1842, and was subsequently Assistant Professor of
Engineering, and of Natural and Experimental Philosophy in 1847. A few years
after this he resigned his commission in the army, and in the year 1854 settled
in Cincinnati as an architect and civil engineer, from which position he was
called at the opening of the present war to take command of a regiment of Ohio
GENERAL. PATTERSON SUPERSEDED.
General Patterson has been superseded in his command of the army of the Upper
Potomac by Major-General Banks, who is ordered to take the field immediately.
The headquarters of General Patterson's division, at last accounts, was at
Charlestown, Virginia, or at some point between that and Winchester, which he
was expected to have occupied before this time. Major-General John A. Dix takes
the place of General Banks in the Department of
Annapolis, with head-quarters at
GENERAL FREMONT AT WASHINGTON.
Major-General Fremont has been summoned to Washington, probably with a view to
take council with the War Department as to the government of his new district in
AFFAIRS IN MISSOURI.
Our latest accounts from Missouri
state that both Ben McCulloch and Governor Jackson have retreated, with all.
their available forces, across the Missouri line into Arkansas, for the purpose
of drilling their troops. They were supposed to have a command numbering some
17,500, including the
Texan Rangers and a Regiment from Mississippi.
Lyon, who was marching south to attack their force, at last accounts, had six
thousand men, and expected soon to have ten or twelve thousand. He had
also—which is of the utmost importance—a large park of field-artillery of
various descriptions, an abundance of ammunition, and a full transportation
train. Meantime, in North Missouri secession appears to his entirely crushed
out. General Pope has established the National Headquarters at St. Charles,
having under his control about seven thousand troops, so posted that all
important points are within easy reach. During the session of the State
Jefferson City the national troops and the Home Guards will encamp
outside the city limits.
UNFORTUNATE AFFAIR AT FORTRESS
An unfortunate affair has occurred near
Fortress Monroe. On Friday night
a volunteer scouting party, it appears, went out from
Hampton without orders,
and were fired upon by a party of rebels, about four o'clock in the morning,
while in the woods. One of them, Dr. Rawlings, was shot dead by a rifle ball,
and two others were captured.
NO BLOCKADE. OF NORTH CAROLINA
We learn that the port of
Beaufort, North Carolina, is for the most time
perfectly free from blockade. There are but three Government vessels to look
after the entire coast of North Carolina, and, from information we have
received, it would not require a very sagacious privateer to slip in or out of
any of the ports of that State.
TROUBLE IN THE REBEL CAMP.
New Orleans True Delta of
July 10 has two characteristic articles, containing bold denunciations of the
duplicity and imbecility of the rebel leaders. One refers to the contemplated
assembling of the Congress of the Confederate States in Richmond on 20th inst.,
of the future of which no very sanguine anticipations are entertained. If the
State of Louisiana, it says, is to be taken as a sample of the way things have
been conducted, the result shows a treasury collapsed, a great city
comparatively defenseless, a people full of chivalrous feeling discouraged, and
an ardent and zealous local militia disappointed and disgusted. It suggests that
the provisional government should immediately organize the local military
strength, under the direction of capable and intelligent military officers, to
which should be temporarily attached such scattering material as may be found
unemployed in adjacent States, so as to familiarize it for any duty the future
may require of it. The other article shows the absurdity of the donation
reliance ; states that the men who have managed to get the country into war have
proved themselves utterly incapable of carrying the rebel States safely and
honorably through it, and asks why should not the people awake at once to the
opportunity that will soon present itself, to find other men more fit to carry
them with honor, glory, and success to a triumphal termination of all their
troubles? It is likely that the indignation of the people of the rebellious
States will recoil upon the rebel leaders who have madly led them into this
CHANGE SCARCE IN RICHMOND.
The Richmond Dispatch of Saturday
says that every body in that locality is just now propounding the important
question, "Where is all the specie?" Coppers, it says, are "scarce as meteors,
and as for silver, the sight of a quarter or a half dollar is as a flax-seed
poultice to diseased oculars."
THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT
LORD PALMERSTON stated, in reply
to an anti-slavery deputation, that the Government of the United States was now
doing more than ever it had done previously for the suppression of the slave
THE EMPEROR NOT READY TO
THE REBEL GOVERNMENT.
The Paris Opinion Nationale of
June 26, in commenting on affairs in the United States, takes occasion to speak
of the article in the Patrie which received a semi-official character from its
subsequent publication in the Moniteur, and remarks, "It is a personal opinion,
nothing more." But it is extremely to be regretted that the Moniteur should have
reproduced that article and given it an almost official sanction. It is
impossible to throw the responsibility of the reproduction by the Moniteur of
the Patrie article on the government.
PROGRESS OF EVENTS.
General Fleury, it is asserted,
will go to Turin, in order to notify Victor Emanuel of the recognition of the
Kingdom of Italy by France. The inhabitants of Rome have petitioned the Emperor
to withdraw his army from that city Prince De Bourbino, the bearer of the
petition, has been received by M. Thouvenel, the Foreign Minister, but only, it
is said, as a private citizen, not as a delegate of the partitioners.